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Full text of "Rolls of the soldiers in the revolutionary war.."

LIBRARY 



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 



RECEIVED BY EXCHANGE 



Class 



PART I. 

ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS 

RELATING TO 

SOLZDIEiR/S 

IN THE 

REVOLUTIONARY WAR 

PART II. 

MISCELLANEOUS 

PROVINCIAL PAPERS, 

FROM 1629 TO 172S. 



PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE. 



VOLUME IV. OF THE WAR ROLLS. 
UNIVERSITY }} VOLUME XVII. OF THE SERIES. 

OF 




COMPILED AND EDITED BY 



ISAAC W. HAMMOND, A. M., 

LIBRARIAN NEW HAMPSHIRE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



" He ivho takes no interest in the history of his ancestors does not deserve to be 
remembered by his posterity" 



MANCHESTER: 

JOHN B. CLARKE, PUBLIC PRINTER. 
1889. 



pi 



JOINT RESOLUTION relating to the preservation and publication of portions of 
the early state and provincial records and other state papers of New Hamp- 
shire. 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened : 

That His Excellency the Governor be hereby authorized and empowered, with 
the advice and consent of the Council, to employ some suitable person and fix his 
compensation, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropri- 
ated to collect, arrange, transcribe, and superintend the publication of such por- 
tions of the early state and provincial records and other state papers of New Hamp- 
shire as the Governor may deem proper ; and that eight hundred copies of each 
volume of the same be printed by the state printer, and distributed as follows: 
namely, one copy to each city and town in the State, one copy to such of the public 
libraries in the State as the Governor may designate, fifty copies to the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, and the remainder placed in the custody of the state libra- 
rian, who is hereby authorized to exchange the same for similar publications by 
other States. 

Approved August 4, 1881. 

In accordance with the foregoing resolution, the Governor, with advice of the 
Council, on the twelfth day of October, 1881, appointed and commissioned 
ISAAC W. HAMMOND as " Editor and Compiler of State Papers." 



EDITOR'S PREFACE. 



When Volume XVI. was in press, it was known to the editor 
that some rolls of soldiers and other important documents relating to 
the service performed by New Hampshire in the Revolution, of which 
this State had no duplicates, were on deposit in the Department of 
State and in the Pension Bureau of the Department of the Interior, 
at Washington, D. C. The editor had corresponded with the custo- 
dians thereof, and ascertained that the only feasible method of obtain- 
ing copies of such portion of said documents as were of importance 
was by personal examination, a careful comparison with our printed 
volumes and then unpublished manuscripts, in order to secure all that 
were of interest and prevent the expense of duplication. To accom- 
plish this it was necessary to visit Washington, which the editor had 
no authority to do at that time. 

Subsequent to the issue of that volume, Hon. A. S. Batchellor, of 
the Executive Council, being one of the committee of the same on the 
publication of our state papers, called at those departments, and ex- 
amined said documents sufficiently to become convinced of their value 
and the importance of obtaining copies for publication. On his return 
he laid the matter before the Executive Board, and on June 5, 1888, a 
resolution was passed by the Governor and Council, directing the 
editor of this work to proceed to Washington and obtain copies of 
such Revolutionary documents relating to New Hampshire as were not 
in our state archives, and were of sufficient importance for publication. 
In accordance with said resolution, he went to the several departments 
in which said material was deposited, and obtained copies, which are 
printed in this volume. At all of the departments which he had oc- 
casion to visit he was courteously received, and all the assistance 
needed in accomplishing his mission was placed at his disposal. To 
Gen. James B. Coit, chief of the old war and navy division of the 
Pension Bureau, the editor is indebted for especial favors. 

The documents referred to, and of a portion of which copies were 



1 62943 



IV EDITOR S PREFACE. 

procured, are undoubtedly a part of those loaned by this State to the 
United States secretary of war, in accordance with the resolution of 
our Legislature passed in 1818. They were probably turned over by 
him to the commissioner of pensions, and consequently were not in 
the War Department when this State demanded their return in 1840 ; 
in answer to which demand a large portion of the loan of 1818 was 
returned to the state archives. 

In the old war and navy division of the Bureau of Pensions are 
eight manuscript folio volumes of New Hampshire documents relating 
to the Revolution, a portion being originals, and the remainder copies 
furnished by the secretary of this State in 1838-1840. The volumes 
numbered I. to IV., inclusive, contain the monthly returns of the three 
New Hampshire continental regiments and the regiment of Col. Pierse 
Long, which was in the continental service at Ticonderoga during a 
portion of the year 1777. These volumes are undoubtedly a portion 
of the loan of 1818. As it is probable that we have printed the names 
of nearly all the men who served in those regiments in Volumes XIV., 
XV., and XVI. , and as the expense of copying them would be consid- 
erable, the editor did not deem it desirable to procure copies at pres- 
ent. It is desirable, however, that means be used to procure their re- 
turn to this State, as they can be no longer of use to the Pension 
Bureau in settling claims. 

Volumes V. and VI. of the series are missing. I was informed that 
inquiries had been made for them at various departments of the gov- 
ernment, but without success. This is much to be regretted, as they 
probably contained documents of great historic value to us, of a sim- 
ilar character to some found in the four succeeding volumes. 

Volumes VII., VIII., IX., and X. contain miscellaneous rolls and 
documents, which were carefully examined, compared with our printed 
volumes, copies procured of all that are not contained therein, and 
printed in this volume. 

In the same department I found a quantity of loose papers relat- 
ing to this State, in packages, of which a large number were original 
enlistment papers. Of these I did not obtain copies, as I hope the 
originals will be returned to the State in the near future. 

Some copies from the Department of State will be found in this 
volume. 



EDITOR S PREFACE. V 

The resolution of 1840, concerning the documents herein mentioned, 
was as follows : 

WHEREAS, By a report of a committee of the Legislature of this State, accepted 
June 25, 1818, His Excellency William Plumer, then Governor of this State, was 
permitted to transmit certain books and papers from the secretary's office to the 
secretary of war, for the purpose of establishing the claims of officers and soldiers, 
who served in the war of the Revolution, for pensions under the law of Congress 
passed 1818; and, 

WHEREAS, the interest of the people of this State requires that those books and 
papers should be returned to the secretary's office in this State, therefore be it 
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened: 

That the secretary of this State is hereby authorized and directed to demand and 
receive, from the secretary of war, the books, records, and papers now in the war 
office or in the pension office, which belong to this State, and deposit the same in 
the secretary's office in this State. 

And be it further resolved, That the Governor of this State cause said papers, or 
such portions thereof, to be arranged and bound for preservation, as in his judgment 
the interest of the people of this State may require. 

Approved December 23, 1840. 

In accordance with the foregoing, a demand was made, and a por- 
tion of the papers returned. The reason some of them were retained 
may be explained by presuming that the demand was made upon the 
secretary of war, and that he forwarded such only as were in his 
custody. 

That a portion of the documents were returned to this State is 
shown by the following : 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened : 

That the secretary of state be directed to employ some suitable person to arrange 
and index such Revolutionary documents as are now in the secretary's office, and 
which in the opinion of the secretary may be of sufficient value to be so arranged, 
and that the sum of two hundred dollars be appropriated out of any money in the 
treasury not otherwise appropriated, to effect the object of this resolution. 
Approved January 8, 1853. 

In accordance with the foregoing, the rolls were placed in volumes 
without any apparent method or system, so far as the editor could 
discover when they came into his possession for publication in 1884, 
which occasioned him the tedious labor of removing them from said 
volumes, chronologically arranging and inserting them in new volumes 
prepared for the purpose. 



VI EDITOR S PREFACE. 

It becoming known that some of the documents which were loaned 
the general government in 1818 had not been returned, the Legislature 
passed the following resolution : 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Coiirt convened : 

That His Excellency the Governor be and he is hereby authorized to transmit a 
copy of this resolution to the commissioner of pensions at Washington, and to re- 
quest him to forward to the secretary of state of New Hampshire, all rolls and 
documents relating to the military service of the inhabitants of said State, in the 
Revolution, remaining in the pension office ; to be filed by the secretary in his office, 
with other records pertaining to the same subject. 
Approved July 12, 1856. 

Whether the Governor made the request in accordance with the 
foregoing does not appear, but, according to tradition, he did, and the 
United States authorities refused to comply with the request. 

It is certain, however, that the documents were not returned by 
virtue of any such request, but still remain in the custody of the com- 
missioner of pensions. The next Legislature should take action in the 
matter, with a view of recovering possession of these records and 
documents, which are no longer of use except for historical purposes. 

This volume contains many documents of value relating to the early 
history of New Hampshire, including the transcripts procured from 
the English archives by the late John S. Jenness ; also the Revolu- 
tionary war correspondence of Colonel Bedel, and the vindication of 
General Sullivan of charges preferred by Major Taylor. 

The editor desires to express his acknowledgments to His Excel- 
lency Charles H. Sawyer, and the Honorable Council, for their appre- 
ciative interest in the work, as shown by acts which enabled him to 
procure material that adds largely to the value of the volume ; and 
especially to Hon. A. S. Batchellor, who, as one of the committee on 
publication, has rendered the editor valuable assistance, and responded 
promptly to all requests for counsel. Volume XVIII. will contain 
the miscellaneous papers from 1725 to 1800, some valuable corre- 
spondence, and other unpublished documents relative to the. boundary 
line controversy, the siege of Louisburg, and other French and 

Indian wars. 

HAMMOND. 

CONCORD, 1889. 



ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 



PART I. 

Captain Cochran to Governor Wentworth, 1774 I 

1775. 

A unique recommendation . . . . . . . 2 

Micah Hoyt recommended ....... 2 

Captain Gordon Hutchins's Co., residences .... 3 

Doctor Ezra Green recommended ...... 4 

Vote of Congress concerning suits at law .... 5 

Captain Samuel Gilman's Co., residences ..... 5-7 

Captain Jeremiah dough's Co., residences .... 8 

Captain Jonathan Wentworth's Co., residences . . 10-12 

Recommendations for staff officers, Poor's regiment . . 13 
Captain Matthew Thornton recommended . . . .13 

muster-roll 14 

Expenses of Committee of Safety . . . . . 15 

Soldiers' order, Bedel's regiment . . . . . .16 

Colonel Bedel's marching orders . . . . . .16 

Colonel Morey's orders for blankets . . . . 17 

Price fixed for blankets in Massachusetts . . . . .18 

Colonel Moor's regiment, statement of grievances . . .18 
John Penhallow's bill, ship Prince George . . . .19 

Doctor Samuel Connor's petition . . . . . .19 

South Hampton men at Fort Washington .... 20 

Money to be forwarded to Colonel Bedel in Canada . . .21 
Captain Daniels's Co. at Fort Sullivan ..... 22 

Captain Jackson's Co., muster-roll . . . . ... 23 

Captain Clark's Co., Epping, Winter Hill .... 24 

Captain Parsons's Co., Rye, " .... 25 

Captain Coffin's Co., Exeter, " .... 27 

Captain Copp's Co., Wakefield, " .... 28 

Captain Salter's Co., Portsmouth Harbor .... 30 

Captain Turner's Co., " " ... 31-32 



Vlll ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 

Captain Webster's Co., Winter Hill . . . . ' .. .32 
Captain Daniels's Co., Fort Sullivan ..... 33 

1776. 

M. Thornton to general court of Massachusetts ... 34 
Samuel Hobart's receipt ........ 34 

Concerning pay of troops at Portsmouth . . . . -35 

Dr. Hall Jackson concerning salt peter . . . . '35 

Men for Colonel Wait's regiment . . . . . -35 

Hezekiah Hutchins offers to serve his country .... 36 

Captain Daniels's men at Fort Sullivan .... 36-38 

Captain Turner's Co., Piscataqua Harbor ..... 38 

Committee of Safety to Continental Congress .... 39 

Petition of a conference committee for fixed prices ... .40 

Captain Carlisle's order . . . . . . . .41 

Captain Daniels's account of stoppages . ... . .42 

Bounty for the manufacture of salt peter ..... 42 

Kittery fire rafts ......... 43 

Concerning officers in East Kingston Co. .... 45 

Captain Dearing's muster-roll ....... 46 

Extracts from Hibbard manuscripts . . . . . 47, 48 

Receipts for guns at the Cedars, Canada ..... 48 

Petition from men who served at Winter Hill . . . .48 

" John Griffith . . . . . . .49 

General Folsom to Colonel Stickney ..... 50 

Petition from prisoners of war . . . . . 5 1 

Certificate relative to John Robertson . . . . -52 

Memorial of Colonel Ashley et als., rangers wanted . . 52 
Agreement for the manufacture of powder . . . -53 
Samuel Dalling, relative to his schooner . . . . -55 

Henry Foss wants pay for services . . . . . -55 

Richard Champney to Meshech Weare . . . ' . 56 

Exeter petition relative to prices of goods .... 56 

Colonel Timothy Bedel's defence . . . . -57 

Canada recruits' receipts . . . . . . 60, 61 

William Barren's Co. . . 62-64 

Captain Eames's Co., muster and pay-roll . . ... 65 

Captain Woodward's Co., " . " . . . . 67 

Meshech Weare to John Hancock . . . . . ' . , 68 

Doctor Samuel Moore recommended . . . .-.., . 69 

Diary of Thomas Miner and Ezekiel Wheeler, scouts . 69-71 
" Samuel Paine, a scout . ... . . . . 72 

Moultonborough and Tamworth, for arms and ammunition . 73 



ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. IX 

Soldiers' receipts ......... 73 

John Williams, gunner at Fort Washington .... 74 

John Hancock to the General Assembly ..... 75 

David Gilman to President Weare ...... 75 

Petition of John House and Daniel Clap 76 

" from the frontier towns ...... 77 

Coos committee's instructions to Captain Bucknam ... 78 
John Hurd to General Folsom ....... 79 

Meshech Weare to General Folsom ...... 80 

Muster-roll of Captain Simpson's Co. ..... 80 

Pay-roll of " " " 82 

Muster-roll of Captain Dearing's Co. . . . . .85 

Pay-roll of Captain Russell's rangers ..... 88 

Muster-roll of Captain Atkinson's Co. . . . . 91 

Muster and pay-roll of Colonel Ashley's regiment ... 94 
Captain Joseph Burt's Co. ....... 94 

Captain Isaac Davis's Co. ....... 95 

Captain Reuben Alexander's Co. ...... 96 

Captain Joseph Whitcomb's Co. ...... 97 

Muster and pay-roll of Colonel Hale's regiment . . . 100 
" " of Colonel Bellows's " . . . .103 

" " of Colonel Chase's " . . . .108 

Pay-roll of Captain Jeremiah Eames's Co. . . . 113 

" of Captain Samuel Young's Co. . . . . .114 

" of Captain Nehemiah Lovewell's Co. . . . .116 

" of Captain Davenport Phelps's Co. . . . . 118 

Muster-roll of Captain Davenport Phelps's Co. . . .119 

Committee of Safety to John Hancock . . . . .121 

Petition relative to fixed prices for goods . . . . .121 

Instructions to committee sent to Rhode Island . . .123 
Soldier's petition for an extra allowance . . . . .124 

Prize ship, Prince George . . . . . . .125 

1777. 

Instructions to committee sent to Ticonderoga . . .126 

Jeremiah Gilman recommended for promotion . . . .127 

Committee of Safety relative to exchange of prisoners . .127 

Colonel Bedel to General Schuyler . . . . 128, 129 

General Schuyler to Colonel Bedel . . . . . .131 

Soldiers' orders . . . . . . . 131, 132 

Colonel Bedel to General' Schuyler 132 

Deposition of Henry Parkinson, concerning John Parker . 132 

Colonel Bedel to John Wells, Canada affairs . . . 133 



X ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 

Colonel Bedel to General Schuyler, Canada affairs . . . 133 
Men drafted in Colonel Morey's regiment . .' . . 134 
Rev. Samuel Webster to Alexander Scammell . . . . 134 
Captain Ezra Town to " " ... .134 

Ezekiel Goodale recommended for promotion . . . .134 
Petition from officers at the forts ..... . 135 

General Jacob Bayley to Colonel Bedel 135 

" " " to Colonel Morey . . . . .136 

General Sullivan to the General Assembly . . . .136 

Colonel Dame declines an appointment . . . . .137 

Portsmouth petition relative to Tories . . . . .138 

Committee of Safety to Captain Giddinge .... 140 

Fragment of a diary of a scout . . . . . .140 

Thomas Thompson to General Assembly ..... 141 

Order for the discharge of state prisoners . . . .142 

Soldier's receipt for advance pay, Stark' s brigade . . .143 
General Stark to Dr. Solomon Chase . . ... . 144 

List of supplies sent to the army . . . . . 145 

John Paul Jones to Committee of Safety ..... 145 

Committee of Safety to William Gardner . . . . .146 

William Gardner to Committee of Safety . . . . .147 

General Gates concerning Burgoyne's movements . . . 147 
Petition from state prisoners . . . . . . . 148 

Proceedings at a committee meeting at Lebanon . . . 149 
Colonel Morey to General Chase . . . . . .150 

Certificate of service of Chase's regiment . . .150 

General Gates to Colonel Bedel . . . . . .150 

Colonel Bedel to General Gates . . . . .152 

" " to Gates and Schuyler . . . . .152 

College Co., return of men in service . . . . 153 

General John Sullivan: Proceedings of a court of inquiry, 
including testimony, letters, and certificates approving his 
conduct in the Staten Island expedition and the battle on 
the Brandywine ....... 154-210 

Major John Taylor's complaint vs. Sullivan . . . .154 

Editorial note and extract from Washington's letter . . .156 
General Sullivan to president of Congress . . . .157 

Proceedings of court of inquiry . .' . . . : 159 
Major Taylor's statement, Staten Island expedition . . ., 162 
Captain Chambers's evidence . . . . ... 163 

Major Reed's "... . v '. . 164 

Major Sherburne's " . . . : -. - ; . . 166 

General Smallwood's " . . . . - . . . 170 



ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. Xl 

Rev. T. F. Armstrong's evidence . . . . . .176 

Major Lewis Morris's " . . . . . .178 

Major J. O. Eustace's " 180 

Interrogatories to Col. Thomas Price . . . . .182 

Major Joseph Vaughan's testimony . . . . . .184 

Summary of the evidence by General Sterling . . . .186 

Opinion of the court of inquiry . . . . . .188 

Resolution of Congress, exonerating Sullivan . . . .188 

Colonel M. Ogden's letter 189 

General William Smallwood's letter . . . . . .190 

General Sullivan's letters to Congress .... 190, 192 

Colonel Charles C. Pinkney's testimony . . . . .196 

Major William Willcocks's letter to Sullivan . . . .196 

Colonel Moses Hazen's " " 197 

General Thomas Conway's certificate . . . . .198 

Marquis de La Fayette's " ..... 199 

Certificate from Washington's aids . . . . . 199 

" " Major Fleury 200 

General Washington to General Sullivan ..... 200 
Colonel W. Richardson " u ..... 202 

Certificate from officers in 5th Maryland regiment . . . 202 

" " Lieut. John Erskine 203 

" " officers in Colonel Hazen's regiment . . 203 

Colonel B. Ford's " . . 204 

" " " Delaware regiment .... 205 

" " artillery officers 205 

" " 7th Maryland regiment ..... 206 

Major William Sterett to General Sullivan .... 206 
Address from 3d Maryland regiment ..... 207 

" " Colonel Price's regiment 208 

Editorial sketch of General Sullivan ..... 208 
Resolutions of Congress and New Hampshire Assembly . . 209 

i 77 8. 

Colonel Bedel to General Gates 210 

Henry Dearborn recommended for promotion . . . .210 

Order to Captain Reynolds to enlist a company . . .211 

John Betton's petition, soldier . . . . . . .211 

Enlistment document . . . . . . . .212 

Hazen to Bedel . . . . . . . . .212 

General Conway to Bedel . . . . . . .213 

Order to Captain Giddinge . . . . . . .213 

Samuel Nute's petition, Rochester . . . . .213 



Xll ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 

Abstracts of petitions of Holt of Temple, Powers of Hollis, 

and Perkins of Rochester . . . . . .214 

Captain John Moody's petition, Gilmanton . - . . .214 
Captain Simon Marston's petition . . . . ; . 215 

Petition from officers relative to losses at Ticonderoga . 216 
Action of the Legislature thereon . . . . . .216 

Conway to Bedel . ... . . . , ..217 

Bedel to Gate's .218 

Abstracts of petitions of Archibald and Leavitt . . .219 
Ephraim Robinson to board of war . . . . . .219 

Abstracts of petitions of Goss of Rye, and Wright . . . 220 
Benjamin Stone to board of war . . . . . .221 

Ephraim Robinson " " ...... 221 

Marquis de La Fayette to Colonel Bedel ..... 222 

Proceedings of committee of frontier towns .... 223 

Sarah Cochran's petition, Portsmouth . . . . 224 

Jeremiah Gilman's order . . . . . . . .225 

Messrs. Otis & Andrews, Boston, to board of war . . .225 
Committee of Safety to Colonel Peabody . . . .225 

Colonel Bedel to La Fayette ....... 227 

" " to Governor Chittenden ..... 227 

" " to General Gates, Canada affairs . . . 228 

" " to General Schuyler, " " ... 228 

Committee of Safety to Commissary Leigh .... 230 

Instructions to Commissary Leigh ...... 230 

General Stark to Colonel Bedel, scouts . . . . 232, 233 

General Gates to Colonel Bedel, orders ..... 232 

Commissary Winship to Colonel Bedel ..... 233 

Commissary Cuyler to Colonel Bedel ..... 234 

Governor Chittenden to Colonel Bedel, assistance wanted . 234 
Colonel Bellows's receipt for bounty money . . . .235 

Return of Hanover men in Colonel Chase's regiment . . 236 
General Stark to Colonel Bedel, to be ready to march . -237 
General Gates to " " " " 237 

Commissary Leigh to board of war . . . . . .237 

John Wheelock to Colonel Bedel ...... 239 

General Jacob Bayley to General Gates ..... 240 

Colonel Bedel to General Gates, Canada affairs . . . 241 

" " to Lieutenant-Colonel Wheelock . . . 243 

John Penhallow to board of war ..... 244, 245 

Commissary Leigh to board of war , . . ... 246 

Corn wanted at Pemaquid . . . . . . . 247 

Robert Taggart recommended for surgeon .... 248 



ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. Xlll 

Colonel Moses Hazen to Colonel Bedel ..... 248 

Cheshire and Sullivan county men in Bellows's regiment . . 249 

Captain Nelson's company in Bedel's regiment . . .250 

Tarlton's " " .... 251 

Taylor's " " "-..-.. 252 

Ladd's " " "....-'-... 253 

Cheshire county men in expedition to Rhode Island . -255 

Daniel Moor to Samuel Moore 256 

Bounties paid by Henniker . . . . . . .257 

Goffstown 258 

New Boston 259 

Hillsborough 259 

" " Somersworth 260 

" Dover 261 

Rochester 261 

Ephraim Robinson to board of war . . . . .261, 264 

Commissary Leigh to " "...... 262 

Letter to General La Fayette, road to Canada . . . 264 

Colonel Bedel to General Gates ...... 265 

Officers in first New Hampshire continental regiment . . 266 

second " " " . 267 

third " " " . 269 

Commissary Leigh to board of war .... 270, 2.71, 272 

Petition from Mrs. Griffin ....... 270 

Ephraim Robinson to board of war .... 273, 274, 275 

Prisoners of war, receipt ........ 274 

General Bayley to Colonel Bedel, concerning cattle . . . 275 
" " " " instructions .... 276 

Hall and Traversie's diary of travel in Canada .... 276 

Commissary Leigh to board of war ...... 278 

Rev. Augustine Hibbard's statement ..... 279 

Dr. Hall Jackson for pay for services ..... 280 

Paymaster Fogg to superintendent of accounts . . . 280 
Colonel Bedel to General Washington . . . . .281 

" to General Hazen 282 

General Bayley to Colonel Bedel 282 

General Washington's instructions to Colonel Bedel . . 283 
Officers' losses at Ticonderoga ....... 283 

Commissary Leigh to board of war ...... 284 

Captain Salter to Colonel Langdon ....... 285 

The anonymous letter ........ 286 

James Harvey's petition, soldier . . . . . . 288 

Dr. Robert Taggart recommended ...... 289 



XIV ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 

General Gates to Colonel Bedel . . .... . 290 

Downing Colbath, sick soldier ....... 290 

Men engaged during the war . . . . . -. .291 

Colonel Moses Hazen's regiment ..... 292-309 

" " biographical sketch .... 292 

Captain Lloyd's company, Hazen's regiment .... 293 

" McConnell's " " .... 294 

" Duncan's " " " .... 295 

Pry's " " " .... 296 

" Taylor's " " " .... 297 

Heron's " " " .... 298 

" Gilbert's " " " .... 299 

" White's " " " .... 300 

" Burns's " " " .... 301 

Carlisle's " " " .... 302 

Popham's " " " .... 303 

Olivie's " " " .... 304 

Liebert's " " " .... 305 

Campbell's " " " .... 306 

Satterlee's " " " .... 307 

" Munson's " " " .... 308 

Paulint's " " " .... 309 

1779. 

Colonel Bedel to General Clinton, storehouse built . . .310 

" " " Schuyler, forces in Canada . .311 

" " " Gates, blankets wanted . . .312 

Instructions to Commissary Leigh . . . . . .313 

General Bayley to Colonel Bedel, provisions, etc. . . 313, 314 

Joshua Wentworth to Joseph Gilman . . . .314,315 

Provisions wanted in Falmouth, Me. . . . . . 315 

Bedel to Hazen, stores, storehouse, Indians, etc. . . . .316 

General Clinton to Bedel, stores to be moved . . . 317 

Bedel to Bayley, concerning stores at Haverhill . . . . 317 

Bayley to Bedel, " " . . . .318 

Bedel to Clinton, " " "..".. 320 

Bayley to Bedel . . . . . . . . . 321 

Invoice of clothing sent to the army . . . . .321 

Petition concerning John Fisher . . . . . . 322 

Thomas Palmer concerning Fisher's aid to prisoners . . 323 
Thomas Lewis and others concerning Fisher's aid to prisoners, 324, 325 

Letter from Commissary Leigh . . . . . .326 

Petition from Sarah Colbath . . . . . . . 327 



ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. XV 

Request from Boothbay for corn . . . . . .328 

Bedel to Gates, Indians, affairs in Canada . . . .329 

Hazen to Bedel, on the march to Coos .... 329, 330 

General Bayley to James Ladd . . . . . . 330 

Draft in Lisbon ......... 330 

Commissary Lyne, condition of stores at Coos . . . 330 

General Hazen concerning roads, Charlestown to Coos . .331 
Petition of James and Mary Fleming . . . . .332 

Colonel Hazen to Major Childs ...... 333 

Mrs. Pepperell desires to go to New York . . . -333 
Naval Officer Russell, ships pass without permit . . -334 
Genera] Folsom to Colonel Morey . . . . . -335 

Order to equip the ship Hampden . . . . . .336 

William Denning to N. Peabody . . . . . .336 

N. Peabody to M. Weare 338 

Roll of men raised for Rhode Island . . . . -339 

Depositions relative to capture of sloop Hannah . . . 340 
Colors for Colonel Cilley's regiment ...... 341 

Meshech Weare to N. Peabody ...... 341 

Peabody to Weare, Spain, de Estaing, etc. .... 342 

Hazen to Bedel, wants provisions ..... 343, 344 

Denning to Peabody ......... 344 

Hazen to Bedel, from " camp at the end of road " . . . 345 
Peabody to Weare ......... 346 

Hazen to Bedel, making road north from Coos . . . 347 

Bayley to Bedel ......... 347 

Washington to Bedel, court of inquiry ..... 348 

Commissary Leigh to Peabody ...... 348 

Roll of men for Continental army ...... 349 

Hazen to Bedel, Indians, money matters, etc. . . . 350 

Peabody to Weare, state of his health 351 

Woodbury Langdon to Peabody . . . . . .352 

Statement relative to loss of ship Hampden . . . -353 

1780. 

President Weare to General Poor, transmits money . .354 

Hazen to General Washington, charges vs. Tichenor . 355, 356 
Ebenezer Green concerning Benedict Arnold . . . -357 
Hazen to Bedel, concerning Tichenor, etc. . . . .358 
Petition from Greenland, militia troubles .... 360 

Colonel Savage, regiment composed of men from several States 361 
Joshua Wentworth to J. Gilman, no money . . . 361, 362 



XVI ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 

Bayley to Bedel, to receive and issue stores . . . . 363 

Hazen to Bedel, forces expected from France .... 363 

Commissary Leigh to committee on accounts . . . 365, 367 
Hazen to Bedel, northern affairs, etc. ..... 365 

Hazen to Colonel Chase, to secure grain . . . . . 367 

Joseph Oilman to board of war, to buy clothing . . . 368 
Selectmen of Lebanon to Colonel Chase ..... 369 

Committee of Congress to President Weare . . . . 370 

General Washington to said committee ..... 370 

Commissary Bass to Joshua Wentworth . . . . .371 

Commissary Bass to board of war ..... 372, 373 

President Weare to committee of Congress . . . -374 
J. Oilman to Joshua Wentworth, finances .... 375 

Committee of Safety to Jonathan Child ..... 376 

Hazen to Bedel, Colonel Olcutt's visit to Congress . . . 376 
Commissary Bass to board of war . . . . . -377 

Hazen to Bedel, Colonel Olcutt's mission .... 379 

" " relative to his trial 380 

" " various matters . . . . . .381 

Soldiers discharged for want of clothing . . . . -383 

Bedel to Hazen, concerning hides, etc. ..... 384 

Editorial ; committee of Congress . . . . . .386 

Ebenezer Thompson to Nathaniel Peabody .... 386 

Folsom and Peabody to M. Weare . . . . . .387 

Dr. Isaac Foster to N. Peabody, hospital stores . . .388 
Peabody to Weare, Langdon and Bartlett . . . -389 
Samuel Livermore to Peabody ....... 390 

J. Lovell to Mr. Peabody . . . . . . . .391 

Mr. Gerry to Mr. Peabody, money matters . . . . 391 

Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody, " " ... 392, 393 

President Weare to Mr. Peabody ...... 394 

Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody, movements of enemy . . . 395 
Mr. Peabody to President Weare, post-office at Exeter . . 395 
Colonel Abeel to Mr. Peabody, sulky ..... 397 

Mr. Brasher to Mr. Peabody 397, 398 

Benjamin Brown to Mr. Peabody ...... 399 

Mr. Peabody to Josiah Bartlett, general affairs . . . 399 
The army increases, designing men .... 400 

Men should enlist for the war, short enlistments ruinous, 
etc., of much interest . . . . . . .401 

Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody, depreciation 403 

N. Emery to Mr. Peabody, no post-office in Exeter . . . 403 
Mr. Peabody relative to post-office in Exeter .... 404 



ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. XV11 

Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody ...... 405, 406 

Major Gibbs to Mr. Peabody ....... 406 

Mr. Peabody to General Greene ...... 407 

Mr. Peabody to R. H. Lee, operations in the South . .411 

Richard H. Lee to Mr. Peabody, New Hampshire celebrated 

for spirit . . . . . . . . . .413 

Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody, Cornwallis's letters . . -413 
Mr. Peabody to Lieutenant Wheaton . . . . .414 

1781. 

Officers want their pay . . . . . . . . 414 

Petition from the northern frontier . . . . . .416 

Board of war to Commissary Jewett . . . . .417 

Jonathan Chase's petition, Scammell's regiment . . .419 
Joseph Drew wants to go to Bermuda ..... 420 

Captain Dearing concerning flag officer . . . . .421 

General Heath to President Weare, Canada news . . .421 
New Hampshire militia company dismissed .... 423 

Colonel Daniel Reynold's regiment ..... 424-437 

Captain Jacob Webster's company, residences .... 424 



William Boys's 
Othniel Thomas's 
Nathaniel Head's 
Joseph Parsons's 
Joshua Woodman's 
John Mills's 



426 
428 
430 
432 

434 
436 



Town returns, supplement . . . . . . . 438 

1782. 

Return of officers in New Hampshire line, March, 1782 . 440, 442 
Stations of the New Hampshire troops, " " . 442 

Committee of Safety to Colonel Samuel Hunt .... 443 

Colonel George Reid, transmitting rolls ..... 444 

Statement of prisoners escaped from Canada .... 445 

John Jennison concerning beef cattle . . . . . 445 

Resignation of Supply Clapp ....... 446 

General Sullivan concerning Stephen Holland . . . 4/17 

Committee of Safety to board of war, and answer . . . 448 
Officers' petition concerning pay ...... 448 

Naval Officer Russell to President Weare .... 450 

Petition from Isaac Clement, Concord . . . . .452 

Certificates of soldiers' services . . . . . -453 



XV111 ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 

General Stark concerning his pay . . . . . -453 
General Sullivan concerning John Paul Jones .... 454 
Names of New Hampshire men who served in regiments from 

other States to be obtained 455 

Soldiers' petition relative to their pay . . . . . 456 
Certificates of service . . . . . 457, 458 

Rev. Israel Evans relative to his pay . . . . -459 
Soldiers' certificates and orders ..... 460, 461 
Ebenezer Green relative to his imprisonment . . . .461 
Colonel Bellows relative to his accounts ..... 462 
Petition from soldiers who were captured at the Cedars . . 462 
New Hampshire men in Colonel Flowers's regiment . . 464 
Ebenezer Bearing relative to Piscataqua bridge . . . 466 
Relative to deduction of bounties paid by towns . . . 467 
Powell and Lovell held prisoners in Canada .... 469 
Morris and John Millet, soldiers ...... 470 

PART II. 

Copies from documents in English archives . . . 475-603 

Grant of Laconia to Mason and Gorges, November 17, 1629 . 475 

Petition of Walter Neale to be marshal, 1631 . . . . 478 

Grant of Piscataqua to Mason and Gorges, 1631 . . . 479 

Thomas Wiggin's account of New England affairs, 1632 . 485 

Division of property, Mason, Gorges, et als., 1633 . . . 487 

Allotment to John Mason by the Council, 1634 . . . 488 

New England, the country, commodities, and inhabitants . 489 

Thomas Eyer vs. Gorges and others, 1637 . . . . 492 

Controversy between Gorges and Mason, 1639 493 

Privy Council's decision in favor of Rev. John Mitchell . . 495 

Thomas Morton vs. Oliver Powell, 1636 ..... 496 

George Burdett to the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1638 . . 497 

Petition from Walter Neale, wants an office .... 498 

Abstract of grant of New Hampshire to John Mason . . 499 

Dates of several patents, grants, and deeds, in New England . 500 
The Dover combination, names of signers, 1640 . . .501 

Joseph Mason's protest vs. Richard Leader, 1651 . . 502 

Edward Godfrey relative to New England grants, 1652 . . 503 

Joseph Mason in behalf of Anne Mason, 1653 . . . . 504 

Edward Godfrey concerning his interest in New England, 1659 56 

" " usurpation of "Bostoners," 1660. 507 

" " the province of Maine, 1663 . 508 



ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. XIX 

Samuel Maverick visits New Hampshire, Mason's title, Massa- 
chusetts, 1665 ......... 509 

Portsmouth petition to be freed from Mass, government, 1665 . 510 
Portsmouth, Exeter, Dover, and Hampton for same . . .512 
N. Shapleigh, masts illegally cut, etc., 1667 . . . 513 

Exports and imports of New Hampshire, 1671 . . 515 

Title of Robert Mason to New Hampshire, 1674 . . .516 
E. Randolph concerning imports, fisheries, etc., 1676 . . 520 
Depositions concerning Mason's settlements, 1676 . . .521 
Account of New Hampshire, ought to continue under Massa- 
chusetts, 1677 ......... 523 

Dover petition to continue under Massachusetts government, 1677, 524 
Exeter " " " " " " 525 

Portsmouth " " " " " " 526 

Hampton " " " " " " 527 

Mason and Gorges want a Governor for New Hampshire and 

Maine, 1677 . . . . . . . . . 529 

Concerning northern bounds of Massachusetts, 1678 . -531 
" bounds of Nova Scotia, 1679 -S3 2 

" Mason's patent, settlements, etc., 1679 533 

Massachusetts encroachments in 1652 . . . . -535 

Statement relative to sale of Maine to Massachusetts, 1679 . 538 

E. Randolph concerning New England affairs, 1679 -539 

Robert Mason protests against Massachusetts, 1680 . . 540 

N. H. Council to Lords of Trade and Plantations, 1681 . . 541 

Secretary Chamberlain relative to New Hampshire affairs, 1681 5/^4 

" " to Lords of Trade and Plantations, 1 68 1 546 

Council of N. H. to the King, complaint vs. Mason, 1681 . 551 

Proceedings in Council, President's commission, 1681 . -555 

Robert Mason vs. N. H. Council, complaint, 1681 . . -559 

New seal, proclamation, Governor and Council sworn, 1682 . 563 

List of documents turned over to Secretary Chamberlain, 1682 566 

Governor Cranfield, description of province resources, 1682 . 567 

" " Mason's claim, ecclesiastical affairs, etc., 1 68 2 570 

An establishment of church of England, not feasible, 1682 . 573 

Maine should be part of New Hampshire, church matters, 1682 574 

Concerning Mason, unfair jury decisions, 1682 . . -575 

Cranfield advises uniting Maine to New Hampshire, 1682 . 578 

" wants power to place and displace ministers, 1683 . 580 

" authority to establish customs and excise, 1683 . 581 

" states that ministers have too much influence, 1683 . 582 

" concerning Gove and Rev. J. Moodey, 1683 . .584 



XX ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 

Deputy-Governor Barefoote complains that ministers have too 

much influence in civil affairs, 1683 . . . . .586 
Cranfield makes various complaints to Lords of Trade, 1683 . 588 
" complains of and advises a suppression of Harvard 

College , . ' 589 

" wants the charter of Boston made void . . . 590 
" to Lords of Trade, concerning Mason, etc. . 591 

" advises that all officers shall be churchmen, 1684 59 2 
" despairs of true obedience to the King until Harvard 

College is suppressed, etc. ..... 593 

" to secretary of state, concerning Edward Gove, 1684 596 
" relative to the Eastern Indians, 1684 . . . 598 

" recommends an established church, 1684 . . . 600 
" to secretary of state, concerning piracy, 1684 . . 600 
" relieved from the office of Governor, 1685 . .601 

Ordnance stores at Great Island, 1686 603 

Miscellaneous province and state papers . . . . 604 

Minutes relating to land at Lamper-Eel river neck, 1675 . . 604 
Petitions relative to estate of Thomas Walford, 1680 . . 605 
Robert Wadleigh's petition for remission of fine, 1681 . . 607 
Edward Colcord's petition for possession of estate, 1681 . . 607 
Petition from three mariners, 1681 . . . . . . 608 

" " Thomas Thurton, for remission of fine, 1681 . 609 

" Thomas Walford, father's estate, 1681 . . 609 

" " Christopher Keniston, fine, 1681 . . . 610 

" " Thomas Cowel, duties on wine, 1 68 1 . . .611 

" William Follett, probate matter, 1682 . . .611 

Complaint of Edward Randolph against Hilton et als., 1682 . 612 

Petition from H. and G. Spencer, for tavern license, 1682 . 613 

An act establishing duties on imports and exports, 1682 . .613 

Warrant for the arrest of George Jaffrey, 1682 . . .615 

Petition of George Jaffrey for clemency, 1684 . . . .616 

Deposition of Walter Barefoote, Masonian affairs, 1683 . .617 
Petition from Theophilus Dudley, for clemency, 1683 . .617 
Deposition of Thomas Thurton, says he was abused, 1684 . 618 
Petition from several state prisoners, 1686 . . . .618 

" " two sailors, alleged abuse . . . . .619 

Assemblymen elected, 1692 . . . . . . . 620 

Petition from Joseph Chowns, illegal entry, 1692 . . . 620 
Treasurer's statement, 1693 . . . . . . .621 

Invoice of stores at the fort, 1692 ...... 624 

Petition from Samuel Folsom, remission of fine . . . 624 
Assemblymen elected, 1693 . . . . . . .625 



ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. XXI 

Council protest against sending the secretary to England, 1693 625 
Precept for special election in Portsmouth, 1693 . . . 626 
Act relating to fencing common lands, 1693 .... 627 

Constable to act to the three-mile line, 1693 . . . . 627 

Act relating to births, marriages, and burials, 1693 . . . 628 
Treasurer's statement, 1694 ....... 628 

Act relating to collecting taxes, 1693 ..... 630 

Report of Committee on Finance, 1693 ..... 630 

Minutes of the Council, October, 1693 . . . . .631 

Petition of Hannah Purmort, to be free from excise, 1693 . 633 

" of Elizabeth Fabins, probate matter, 1694 . . . 634 

Protection to post-riders, 1694 . . . . . . .635 

John Woodman's statement, service of soldiers, 1694 . .635 
Governor Usher's speech in Council, 1694 .... 636 

Soldiers impressed to serve in garrisons, 1694 .... 638 

Thomas Edgerly's petition, massacre at Oyster River, 1694 . 640 
John Woodman's statements, impressed soldiers, 1694 . . 641 
Fort William & Mary accounts, 1694 . . . . .641 

Men in garrisons at Oyster River, 1694 .... 642, 643 

Return of Assemblymen, October, 1694 ..... 643 

Lists of men at the fort and at Oyster River . . . 644, 645 
Powder-money imposts, 1694 ....... 646 

Peter Coffin concerning masts for royal navy, 1694 . . . 647 
Rent for a room for the Assembly, 1694 ..... 647 

John Tuttle's certificates of service at Dover, 1695 . . . 648 
John Everett, for pay for his Massachusetts soldiers, 1695 . 649 
Act relative to public houses, 1695 ...... 649 

Act relative to supply of bread for soldiers, 1695 . . . 650 
Appropriation for weekly mail, Portsmouth to Boston, 1695 . 651 
Dedimus Potestatem, Elliot and Vaughan, 1695 . . . 652 
Form of oaths to be taken, 1695 . . . . . .652 

John Woodman relative to impressing soldiers, 1696 . . . 654 
Abstracts from Captain Woodman's certificates, 1696 . . 654 
Petition from Richard Stileman for rent, 1696 . . . .657 

Relating to fines for non-performance of duty, 1696 . . .657 
Account of Oyster River parties, boarding soldiers, 1696 . . 657 
List of books and papers turned over to secretary, 1696 . .658 
Bill for running line between New Hampshire and Massachu- 
setts, 1696 .......... 659 

Council's answer to Lieutenant-Governor's letter, 1696 . . 659 
Council's communication to Governor, June i, 1696 . . . 660 
George Jaffrey relative to administering oaths, 1696 . .661 
Vaughan and Waldron suspended from Council, 1696 . . 662 



\. 



XX11 ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 

Vaughan and Waldron relative to same, 1696 . ... . . 663 

Sheriff's warrant and return of Assemblymen, 1697 .. . 665 

Kinsley Hall declines to be assistant judge, 1697 . . . 666 

Ex-Sheriff Ard ell's petition, 1697 . . . ... 666 

List of laborers at Fort William & Mary, 1697 ... . 667 

Bickford and Furber's accounts for ferriage, 1697 . . 668-9 

Account for work on fortifications, Little Harbor . . . 669 

Petition from Thomas Footman, wounded soldier . . . 670 
Petition from John Redman, wife's estate, 1697 . . .671 

Soldiers at New Castle, 1697 ....... 672 

Account for rent of Council room, 1697 ..... 672 

Andrew Wiggin concerning land at Squamscot, 1697 . . 673 

Concerning prizes and prize goods, 1697 ..... 673 

Shadrach Walton to command the fort, 1697 . . . . 674 

William Ard ell's warrant, 1697 674 

William Ardell's petition, 1697 . 675 

Sarah Robey's petition, innholder, Hampton, 1698 . . -675 

Expenses to New York, arrival of Bellomont, 1698 . . . 676 

Andrew Wiggin, land at Squamscot, 1698 .... 677 

John Bridger concerning masts for the navy, 1698 . . . 677 

Richard Gerrish for remission of duties, 1698 . 678 

Report of Committee on Claims, 1698 ..... 679 

Samuel Penhallow to Lord Bellomont, 1698 .... 680 

Hannah Purmort wants pay for a banquet, 1699 . . .681 

Deliverance Pitman relative to her estate, 1699 . . . 682 

Several men commissioned and instructed, 1699 . . . 683 
Act to raise money to pay public debts, 1699 . . . - .685 

Vote relative to raising men for New York, 1701 . . . 686 

Order relative to Roger Shaw, 1701 . . . . . . 687 

Anticipated trouble at Hampton, 1701 ..... 688 

Relative to an Indian claim, 1701 . . . . . 688 

Queen Anne's instructions to Governor Dudley, 1702 . . 689 

Samuel Penhallow to Governor Dudley, 1 703 .... 690 

Colonel Romer's account, repairs on the fort, 1703 . . .691 

John Partridge for ferriage, 1 704 ...... 693 

Committee to resist Allen's claim, 1704 ..... 693 

Roll of men at the fort, 1704 . . . . . . . 694 

John Colman appointed agent for prizes, 1703 .... 695 

Relative to the seizure of a French ship, 1704 .... 698 

Directions for the advancement of piety ..... 699 

Relative to a post-rider to Boston, 1705 ..... 700 

Commission to appraise sloop Dolphin, 1705 . . . . 701 

Governor Dudley relative to Indian commissioners, 1707 . . 702 



ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. XX111 

Deposition concerning Jamaica expedition, 1707 . . . 703 
Relative to libel, burned by the hangman, 1 707 . . . 704 
Petition from inhabitants of Greenland, 1709 . . . . 705 

Instructions from Queen Anne to Governor Dudley, 1711 . 706 
Return of laying out of a highway, 1711 ..... 710 

Governor Dudley concerning New Castle bridge, 1713 . .711 
Answer of Council to Governor's letter, 1715 . . . .712 

Sheriff Phipps concerning the jail, 1715. . . . .713 

Coroner's fees for an inquest, 1715 . . . . . . 714 

Massachusetts Legislature on boundary line, 1715 . . . 714 
Committee appointed to settle boundary line, 1716 . . . 715 
Letter from Secretary Woodward on boundary line, 1716 . . 716 
Oyster River parish petitions, 1716 . . . 716,717,721 

Secretary Woodward, Indian affairs, 1716 . . . . 722 

Council to Governor of Massachusetts, 1716 .... 723 

Letter from Sir Charles Hobby's administrators s . . . 724 
Massachusetts Assembly relative to Indian affairs, 1716 . . 724 
Instructions to envoy to the Indians, 1716 . . . .725 

Portsmouth petition, church matters, 1716 . . . . 726 

New Hampshire Council to Governor Taylor, 1716 . . . 728 
Petition from Joseph Davis, killed a child, 1716 . . . 728 
Petition from Walter Hall for release from prison, 1716 . . 729 
Michael Thomas concerning a piracy, 1717 . . . 730-732 
Richard Dolloff, children captured by Indians . . . 732, 738 
Oyster River parish petition, 1717 . . . . . -733 

Theodore Atkinson wants to open a public house . . -735 
Conference with some Indians, 1718 ...... 735 

Petition from Rev. John Buss, Durham, 1718 . . . . 736 

Selectmen of Newington relative to town bounds . . -737 
North Hampton petition concerning meeting-house . . . 739 
Hampton parish meeting proceedings, 1718 . . . . 740 

Benjamin Leavit relating to excise, 1719 ..... 741 

Boundary line controversy, 1719 . . . . . . 742 

Council's letter to John Bridger, 1719 . . . . . 743 

Rules for raising hemp, 1720 ....... 743 

Indian matters, 1720 ........ 746 

George Brownell's petition, 1720 ...... 747 

Articles of apprenticeship, 1715 . . . . . . 748 

Instructions to Governor Shute, bills of credit, 1720 . . 750 
Conference with Indians at Portsmouth, 1 720 . . 75 1 

R. Waldron to Governor Shute, 1720 .... 752, 753 

Charge vs. Benjamin Wentworth, 1721 . . . . 754 

Sloper fined for slandering Governor and Council, 1721 . . 754 

iii 



XXIV ABSTRACT OF GENERAL CONTENTS. 

Petition from Allen's heirs, 1722 . . . . -755 

Boundary line dispute, 1 722 . . . . ... 756 

Liquors sold without license, 1722 ...... 758 

Memorial from naval officer, 1723 . . . . . . 758 

Butts Bacon appointed collector at Piscataqua .... 759 

Governor Vaughan's will . . . . . . . .761 



CORRECTIONS. 

Page 14, Andrew Meele should read Neele. 
14, John Sayor should read Sawyer. 
14, Moses Luttleton should read Ludington. 
8 1 and 82, Philip Norback should read Vorbeck. 
186, Evidence 0/"Gen. Sterling should read by Gen. Sterling. 
307, Finniston probably should read Kinniston. 
504, Ed. Godfrey Gower should read Governor. 




STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCU- 
MENTS. 



[Since the completion of Volume XVL, it has been decided to 
publish some remaining documents re]ating to the Revolutionary 
war (a portion of which were in the state archives, and the re- 
mainder copies procured from Washington) at the beginning of 
this volume, instead of inserting them chronologically, according 
to the editor's design when the preface to Volume XVL was 
written. The references at the beginning of the documents (R. 5-5, 
etc.) refer to volume and page of " Miscellaneous Revolutionary 
War Documents," in the office of the secretary of state, where 
the originals may be found. ED.] 



[R. 5-5] 

[Captain John Cockran, commander at Fort William & Mary, to 
Governor Wentworth.} 

May it please your Excellency 

The Fox mast ship arrived here last even'g ab* 6 O' Clock and 
has anchor'd over in the other province [Maine] near to Coll 
Sparhawk's wharff where she now lys On her arriv 1 , I Imediately 
Delivered the Letter that was directed to Cap 1 Norman. 

I am your Excellency's most 
Obed 1 . Hble Servant 

John Cochran. 
Sep tr . 9 th . 1774. 
To His Excellency John Wentworth Esq 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-6] [A Unique Recommendation.} 

Province of New Hampshire. Rockingham ss. 

South Hampton May 22 nd 1775. 

Whereas M r W m Cooper of s d Town has Been with us Signifying 
his mind to have Inlisting orders in order to raise a Company of men 
to Be under his command, he Being Desirous we should shew Our 
minds Relating his Qualifications we think we can Recomend him 
as Being Considerable Expert in military Disipline and it Looks 
Likely to us that he may Be an officer which will have a good Re- 
guard to his Soldiers under his Command and we do not know But 
that he may so Conduct as will Be Becoming his place which is our 
earnest Desire he may 

Abel french \ 
Joseph Jones > Selectmen 
Joseph Merrill ) 
To the Honoriable Commity of Safty Now Setting in Exeter 



[R. 5-7] \Micah Hoyt Recommended.'} 

To the Honorable Gentlemen the Committee of Safty for the Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire 

we the Select men for Newtown in s d province do hereby signifie 
unto your honours that we look upon Ens n Micah Hoyt of s d new- 
town as a Suitable person to be imploy'd as an officer in the public 
Service he being imploy'd in the last wars in his Cuntry's Defence 
& as we hear Conducted with prudence & in y e present dispute 
has manifested himself a friend to his Cuntry & very tender of its 
libertyes 

Newtown May 23 rd 1775 Mathias Bartlet ^ Select-men 

Francis Chase Ju r > for 
Samuel Hoit j Newtown 

we are informed that their will Be a Nouember of men inlist under 
said Hoit 

To Joseph Bartlett Esq now at Exeter 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



[Captain Gordon Hutchins' s Company, Stark' s Regiment, 1/75.] 
[Copied from original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 



MENS NAMES 


Age- 


Places of Abode 


Occupation 


Capt. Gordon Hutchins 


42 


Concord 


Merchant 


Lieut. Joseph Soper 


tf 


Canterbury 


Cordwainer 


Ens. Daniel Livermore 


26 


Concord 


House Joiner 


Serf W m Livingston 


32 


New Boston 


Blacksmith 


Serf Benj n Abbot 


26 


Concord 


House Joiner 


Serf John Bean 


26 


Canterbury 


Husbandman 


Serf Quimby 


25 


Chester 


Do 


Corp 1 Simeon Danforth 


28 


Concord 


Cordwainer 


" Rob 1 Livingston 


23 


New Boston 


House Joiner 


" W m Walker 


25 


Concord 


Taylor 


" Hubbard Carter 


22 


Warner 


Blacksmith 


Daniel M c Neal 


23 


New Boston 


Husbandman 


John Gordon 


26 


Do 


Do 


Alexander Patterson 


20 


Do 


Do 


Cornelius Bean 


38 


Perrystown 


Do 


Samuel Webster 


26 


Allenstown 


Do 


Joseph Stan 1 Webster 


21 


Do 


Do 


Charles M c Coy 


21 


Do 


. Do 


Isaac Johnston 


26 


Concord 


Do 


William Beard 


23 


New Boston 


Do 


Sam 1 Straw 


22 


Concord 


Taylor 


Benj n Baker 


23 


Canterbury 


Cordwainer 


Thorn 3 Chandler 


35 


Concord 


Do 


Joseph Grace 


19 


Do 


Husbandman 


John Bunten 


18 


Allenstown 


Do 


Ezra Badger 


50 


Chester 


Do 


Peter Johnston 


18 


Concord 


Do 


Thorn 5 Webber 


21 


Hopkinton 


Do 


Moody Smith 


18 


do 


do 


Pratt Chase 


21 


do 


do 


Benj n Bassford 


2O 


Alexander 


do 


Elihu Corlish 


18 


do 


do 


Levi Hutchins 


18 


Concord 


Fifer 


Nathaniel Clement 


20 


Hopkinton 


Drummer 


Micah Flanders 


18 


Concord 


Husbandman 


John Morgan 


24 


Wier 


do 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



MENS NAMES 


Age- 


Places of Abode 


Occupation 


Thomas Palmer 


22 


Warner 


Husbandman 


John Palmer 


20 


do 


do 


Samuel Patterson 


18 


New Boston 


do 


Thorn 5 Matthews 


25 


do 


do 


John Burns Jun r 


18 


do 


do 


John Stone 


18 


do 


do 


James Stone 


27 


Hennica 


do 


Samuel Eastman 


19 


do 


do 


Wells Davis 


22 


Warner 


do 


Jonathan Robie 


18 


Perrystown 


do 


Joseph Clough 


26 


Warner 


do 


John Holden 


28 


Canterbury 


Taylor 


Edmond Boyenton 


22 


do 


Cordwainer 


John Bean Jun r 


20 


do 


Husbandman 


Nath 1 Glines 


28 


do 


do 


John Elliot 


2O 


do 


do 


George Shannon 


32 


do 


do [Killed] 


Joshua Boyenton 


50 


do 


do 


W m Adams Perkins 


18 


do 


do 


Jotham Young 


18 


do 


do 


Isaac Cummins 


23 


do 


do 


Nath 1 Perkins 


20 


do 


do 


Elijah Cochran 


22 


New Boston 


Taylor 


Paul M c Farson 


32 


do 


Husbandman 


John Burns 


50 


do 


do 



[Captain Hutchins's Company was in Stark's Regiment at battle of 
Bunker Hill ED.] 



[R. 5-8] [Dr. Hall Jackson recommends Dr. Green.'} 

Portsmouth May 2Q th 1775 

Gent n I have for many years past had the pleasure of an intimate 
acquaintence with Doct Ezra Green, of Dover and am well assured 
from many observations I have made in his Practice, that he is in 
every respect well qualified to serve in the army in the capacity of 
Physician and Surgeon, he had the advantage of serving under Doer 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



5 



Sprague, one of the best practitioners on the Continent, and do 
heartily recommend -him to the Committee for employment 

I am Gen 4 , with great respect 
y r most hum 1 Serv 1 

H. Jackson 



[R. 5-9] 



Vote of Congress concerning Suits at Law. 



In Provincial Congress at Exeter June 8 1775 

This body having taken into consideration the great stagnation of 
trade and the difficulty to which their constituants are reduced by 
the unhappy dispute with Great Brittain as to the turning either 
their real or personal Estates into Cash think it necessary to recom- 
mend for the present all possible lenity & forbearence in Creditors 
towards those who may stand indebted to them & that they avoid 
multiplying suits at Law & especially the carrying them to such 
length as the levying Execution on real Estates which must in this 
case (in our apprehension) be sold much below the real value we 
must particularly recommend this lenity & forbearance in refference 
to such who have or may ingage as officers & soldiers in the defence 
of the invaded rights & liberties of America And we further 
recommend to Debtors all possible care & endeavor to discharge to 
the utmost of their power all just demands upon them. 

Voted & a copy sent to the press June 8 1775 



A list of Capt. Samuel Oilman's Company ', June 6 th . 1775. 
[Copied from original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 



NAMES 


Age 


Occupation 


Place of abode. 


County to which 
they belong 


Capt. Sam 1 Gilman 










Lt. Benjamin Kimbel 










Lt. Harvey Moore 










Robert Pike Jun r 


28 


Husbandman 


Newmarket 


Rockingham 


John Colcord 


28 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Eliphalet Neal 


23 


Joiner 


ditto 


ditto 


Joseph Chapman 


22 


Husbandman 


ditto 


ditto 


William Badger 


23 


Ship Wright 


ditto 


ditto 



6 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



NAMES 


Age 


Occupation 


Place of abode. 


County to which 
they belong 


Ward Cotton Weeks 


21 


Cloathier 


Newmarket 


Rockingham 


Jeremiah Foss 


21 


Husbandman 


ditto 


ditto 


James Goodwin 


50 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


John Mason 


30 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


William Benton 


31 




ditto 


ditto 


Jonathan Robinson 


30 


Cooper 


ditto 


ditto 


William Simpson 


33 


Ship Wright 


ditto 


ditto 


Gideon Wiggin 


25 


Husbandman 


ditto 


ditto 


Barnabas M c Bride 


39 




ditto 


ditto 


Jon a Stone Dudley 


21 


Cordwainer 


ditto 


ditto 


Thomas Haniford 


30 


Tailor 


ditto 


ditto 


Levi Chapman 


2O 


Husbandman 


ditto 


ditto 


Joseph Bean 


22 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Elisha Thomas 


26 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


James Kiniston 


26 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Dudley Leavit Chase 


24 


Marriner 


Stratham 


ditto 


Joseph Boynton 


22 


ditto 


Stratham 


ditto 


Harvey Moore 


33 


Husbandman 


ditto 


ditto 


John Marvel 


20 


Husbandman 


Stratham 


Rockingham 


Samuel Leavit Ju n 


17 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Edward Mason 


19 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Eliphalet Veasey 


27 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Edw d Chase 


21 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Joseph Clark 


22 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Thomas Wiggin 


33 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Gideon Knight 


21 


Blacksmith 


Newmarket 


ditto 


Edward Fox 


19 


Cordwainer 


Lee 


Strafford 


Solomon Smith 


41 


Husbandman 


Stratham 


Rockingham 


Jon a Leavit 


24 


Husbandman 


Stratham 


ditto 


Phinehas Wiggin 


18 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Joshua Veasey 


21 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Benj a Barker 


19 


Husbandman 


ditto 


ditto 


David Robinson 


22 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Andrew Neale 


18 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Thomas Veasey 


25 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Zebulon Doe 


26 


Cloathier 


Newmarket 


ditto 


Arthur Bennet 


52 


Husbandman 


ditto 


ditto 



Total Rank & file Exclusive of officers 42. 

James Morison 25 Newmarket Husbandman is to go. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



Jn Hilton ^ 

Noah Marsh 

Robert Mitchell I M . 

Edward Calkert > Not acce P ted - 

Reuben Roberts, Negro 

Benj a Robinson ) 

[Captain Oilman's Company was in Colonel Poor's Regiment. 
Vol. XIV. p. 134. ED.] 



See 



June 12 th 1775. A list of the Men Inlisted in Capt. Oilman 's Comply, 
& Returned by Lt. Benj* Kimball. 

[Copied from original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 



NAMES 


Age 


Occupation 


Place of abode 


County to which 
they belong 


James Huse 


30 


Husbandman 


Plastow 


Rockingham 


Moses Bradly 


26 


Cooper 


ditto 


ditto 


Moses Bly 


24 


Husbandman 


ditto 


ditto 


Eliphalet Woodward 


19 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Jonathan Heath 


21 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Enoch Heath 


20 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Moses Davis 


21 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Thomas Hale 


19 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Benjamin Knight 


19 


ditto 


Atkinson 


ditto 


Jonathan Sawyer 


18 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Eliphalet Emery 


21 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Solomon Howard 


J 9 


ditto 


ditto 


ditto 


Thomas Wood 


45 


ditto 


Atkinson 


ditto 


Job Rowell 


36 


ditto 


Hampstead 


ditto 


Nehemiah West 


32 


ditto 


Brintwood 


ditto 


Joseph Tallent 


23 


Husbandman 


Pelham 


ditto 


Sippio 


27 


ditto 


Plastow 


ditto 


A rplipln 


oo 


rh'ftn 


rli tt~r 


(\\\"^C\ 


Robin 




23 


U.1ULU 

ditto 


Q1L l(J 

Sandown 


U.1LLU 

ditto 


Joseph Clough 


25 


ditto 


Salem 


ditto 


Joseph Sawyer 


24 


do 


Hampstead 


do 


John Sleeper 


30 


do 


N. Salem 


do 


Jonathan Severance 


18 


do 


Kingstown 


do 



8 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



present Rank & file 16 4 absent Sippio, Archelous & Robbin 
3 Negros present Effective Able Bodied Men, but they are Slaves 
Inlisted by Consent of their Masters 

the aforesaid Men were all Mustered, reviewed & sworn (except 
the three Negroes) at the times above mentioned by me 

Sam 1 Hobart M. Master. 

Officers received their Commissions i8 th June. Captain & Ensign 
sworn. 



A List of Capt. Clough' s Company, June 13, 1775. 
[Copied from original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 



MEN'S NAMES 


Age 


Ocupation 


place of abode. 


County. 


Cap 1 Jeremiah, Clough 


36 




Canterbury 


Rockingham 


Lie 11 Aaron Sanborn 


32 




Sanbornton 


Staford 


Ens n Thomas Lyford 


35 




do 


do 


Sej r Josiah Chase 


33 


Physician 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


Sej r Samuel Chamberlain 


25 


Husbandman 


Louden 


do 


Sej r Jonathan Hath 


35 


do 


Canterbury 


do 


Drum r Simeon Robinson 


23 


Husbandman 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


Simon Sanborn 


19 


do 


do 


do 


Joseph Clough 


19 


do 


do 


do 


Thomas Drake 


33 


do 


Louden 


do 


Richard Hanes 


26 


Cooper 


Canterbury 


do 


John Curry 


21 


Husbandman 


do 


do 


Marstarn Morrill 


24 


do 


Louden 


do 


Nathan Tayler 


20 


do 


Sanbornton 


Stafford 


Elisha Cate 


21 


do 


do 


do 


Will m Thompson 


21 


do 


do 


do 


Leroy Hunt 


21 


do 


do 


do 


Philip Hunt J r 


18 


do 


do 


do 


William Hays J r 


24 


do 


do 


do 


Jonathan Thomas 


34 


Cordwainer 


do 


do 


Jacob Tilton 


26 


Husbandman 


do 


do 


Jacob Garland 


21 


do 


do 


do 


John Lary 


20 


do 


do 


do 


William Tayler 


18 


do 


do 


do 


James Sherbon 


24 


do 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



MEN'S NAMES 


Age 


Occupation 


place of abode. 


County. 


William Forrest, 3d 


22 


Husbandman 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


Ebenezer Chandler 


21 


do 


do 


do 


John Peterson 


21 


Joiner 


do 


do 


Obediah dough 


21 


Husbandman 


do 


do 


John Moody Gilman 


32 


do 


New Britton 


Hillsborough 


Enoch Gibson 


23 


do 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


Joseph Smith 


28 


do 


Sanbonton 


Stafford 


George Shepard 


34 


do 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


Phinehas Stevens 


24 


do 


Tamworth 


Stafford 


Samuel Hanes 


28 


Blacksmith 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


David Blanchard 


20 


Husbandman 


do 


do 


Humphrey Colby 


34 


do 


do 


do 


James Gibson J r 


19 


, do 


do 


.do 


John Glines 


21 


do 


Tamworth 


Stafford 


Shubael Derborn 


21 


do 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


Nathaniel Derborn 


24 


do 


do 


do 


Joseph Chandler 


23 


do 


Moultonborough 


Stafford 


Jonathan Foster 


26 


do 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


Winthrop Clough 


36 


do 


Moult'boro' 


Stafford 


Jeremiah Gibson 


25 


do 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


John Dearborn 


1 9 


do 


do 


do 


Moses Head 


37 


do 


Tamworth 


Stafford 


Joshua Weeks 


27 


do 


Louden 


Rockingham 


Ely Simons 


40 


do 


Canterbury 


do 


Elkener Danford 


25 


do 


Tamworth 


Stafford 


John Robinson 


36 


do 


Sanbornton 


do 


Andrew Cumings 


26 


do 


Moultonborough 


do 


Daniel Ward 


25 


Tayler 


do 


do 


Benjamin Eaton 


J 9 


Husbandman 


Meredith 


do 


Aaron Rolings 


21 


do 


do 


do 


Thomas Dofkom 


21 


do 


do 


do 


Moses Danford 


21 


do 


Sanbornton 


do 


Ebenezer Eastman 


29 


do 


do 


do 


Stephen Riggs 


2 4 


do 


do 


do 


Pearson Smith 


20 


do 


Meredith 


do 


William Glines 3d 


24 


do 


Canterbury 


Rockingham 


Tony Sanborn 


32 


do 


Salisbury 


Hillsborough 


Daniel Gale 


27 


Blacksmith 


Sanbornton 


Stafford 



10 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



Total Officers and Rank and File 63 which were Mustered, Re- 
ceiv d & Sworn all except Daniel Gale who Declined taking the oath 
by me Henry Gerrish Muster Master. 

Juney e 13* 1775 

[Captain dough's Company was in Colonel Poor's Regiment. See 
Vol. XIV. p. 143. ED.] 



A list of Cap^. Jon* WentwortJi s Comp y June 13, 1775. 
[Copied from original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C. 



MEN'S NAMES. 


Age. 


Occupation 


Place of abode 


County. 


Cap* Jon" Wentworth 






Summerworth 


Stafford 


Lt. James Karr 






do 


do 


Ens. Jethro Heard 






Dover 


do 


Benj n Wentworth 3 d 


4i 


Husbandman 


Summersworth 


do 


Samuel Nute 


25 


do 


Rochester 


do 


Aaron Stevens 


38 


Cordwainer 


Somersworth 


do 


George Roberts 


24 


Husbandm" 


do 


do 


Andrew Horn J r 


20 


Blacksmith 


do 


do 


Eben r Chesle 


21 


Joiner 


Rochester 


do 


Sam 1 Merrow 


24 


Husb" 


do 


do 


James Chamberlin 


21 


do 


Rochester 


do 


John Phillpot 


*9 


Husb n 


do 


do 


Nathaniel Perkins 


20 


do 


Rochester 


do 


.Nath 1 Wentworth 


29 


Husb n 


Middletown 


do 


Wentworth Ricker 


22 


Husb n 


Som th 


do 


Gershom Downs 


22 


do 


do 


do 


Elijah Buzzel 


23 


do 


Middletown 


do 


Joseph Ellis 


21 


do 


do 


do 


Daniel Alley 


40 


do 


Rochester 


do 


Ephraim Alley 


44 


do 


do 


do 


Francis Roberts 


22 


Joiner 


Som th 


do 


Sam 1 Kendal J r 


J 9 


Husb n 


do 


do 


Caleb Horn 


20 


do 


do 


do 


Cunningham McCutchen 


2 9 


do 


Barrington 


do 


Joseph Kennison 


30 


do 


Lebanon 


York [Me.] 


Josiah Durgin 


28 


do 


Newdurham 


Stratford 


Nath 1 Farnam 


23 


Husb n 


Lebanon 


York [Me.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



II 



MEN'S NAMES. 


Age. 


Occupation 


Place of abode 


County. 


James Wentworth 


21 


Carpenter 


Som th 


Strafford 


David Doe 


24 


Husb n 


New D'ha m 


do 


Eben r Perkins 


25 


do 


Middletown 


do 


Joshua Merrow 


22 


do 


Rochester 


do 


James Berry 


20 


do 


do 


do 


William Stevens 


20 


do 


Lebanon 


York [Me.] 


Absolom Stacpole 


20 


Taylor 


Dover 


Strafford 


Eben r Horn J r 


23 


Husb n 


Dover 


Strafford 


Nathaniel Willand 


25 


do 


do 


do 


John Hanson 


20 


do 


do 


do 


Daniel Cook 


19 


do 


do 


do 


John Gage 


24 


do 


do 


do 


Jon a Whitehouse 


20 


do 


do 


do 


Jason Chamberlin 


19 


Taylor 


Rochester 


do 


Sam 1 Palmer 


20 


Husb n 


do 


do 


Eliakim Miller 


21 


Joiner 


Som th 


do 


Enoch Ricker 


22 


Husb n 


do 


do 


Peter Grant 


20 


do 


do 


do 


Charles Stacpole 


30 


do 


do 


do 


Hatival Roberts 


20 


do 


do 


do 


Tho s Roberts 


27 


Joiner 


do 


do 


Henry Stacpole 


19 


Cordwiner 


do 


do 


George Burnham 


26 


Joyner 


do 


do 


Joshua Edgerly 


24 


Yeom n 


Wakefield 


do 


John Edwards 


26 


Yeoman 


Somersw th 


do 


Caleb Wentworth 


21 


Joyner 


do 


do 



present Rank & file 50, which are able Bodied, effective men, Mus- 
tered, received & sworn by me 

Sam 1 Hobart M. Master. 



12 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



The following were mustered before the Committee & Sworn June 

20 th 1775 



MEN'S NAMES. 


Age 


Place of abode 


Occupation 


County. 


Jedediah Wentworth 


24 


Berwick 


Blacksmith 


of York 


Joshua Grant 


22 


Sorriersworth 


husbandman 


Strafford 


Rich d Lord 


J 9 


Berwick 


Cordwainer 


York 


Sam 1 Grant 


28 


Somersworth 


husband" 


Strafford 


Stephen Berry 


45 


Rochester 


husbandman 


Do 


Solomon Leighton 


36 


Damariscotta 


husbandman 




Ephraim Berry 


42 


Rochester 


husbandman 


Strafford 


William Young 


21 


New D'ham 


Do 


Do 


Willowby Goodwin 


42 


Somersworth 


Mason 


Do 


Thomas Gardner 


27 


Providence 


Baker 


Rhode Island 


Ephraim Randell 


21 


Somersworth 


husbandman 


Strafford 



[Captain Wentworth's Company was in Colonel Poor's Regiment. 
See Vol. XIV. p. 125. ED.] 



[R. 5-10] 



[Aaron Page's Expenses.] 



Account of my Expences from Medford to Kensington and Exeter 
for Blankets for the Soldiers by order of Cap 1 Win* Rowe 

To Toddy and Oats 

To a Supper Lodging & horse keeping 

To Brackfast and Oats 

To Toddy & Oats 

To Horse Ferriage 

To Toddy & Oats . 

To my self & horse Ferriage 

To Drink & Oats 

To Supper Lodging & horse keeping 

To Brackfast and Oats 

To Horse keeping 

To a Journey for my Horse 

Massachusetts Old Tenor 7. 2. 6 

June 23 y e 1775 Errors Excepted 

Aaron Page 

Lawful Money Abraham Sanborn Ensign. 

o. 19. o Received the Contents of Sam : Brooks 

Aaron Page. 



0. 


3. 


6 


0. 


15. 


6 


0. 


7- 


6 


0. 


4- 


6 


0. 


3- 





o. 


3- 





0. 


3- 





0. 


3- 





0. 


14- 


6 


0. 


7- 





0. 


1 8. 





3- 


0. 






REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 13 

[Aaron Page, of Kensington, was a private in Capt. Winthrop 
Rowe's Company, Poor's Regiment. ED.] 

[R. s-i i] 

[Staff Officers Recommended for Poor s Regiment, 1775.] 

At a Meeting of the Field officers of the Second Reg 4 of the New 
Hampshire Forces under the Command of General Folsom It is 
Recommended to the Committee of Safty (if they see cause) to ap- 
point the following Gentlemen as staff officers in said Regiment viz 1 

The Rever d M r Sterns of Ipping Chaplain 

Doct r Caleb Greenleaf Adams I st Surgeon 

Surgeons Mate 

Samuel Gilman Jun r Esq. Quarter Master 

Jerem h Fogg Adjutant 

Edward Pairsons Brigade Major 

Enoch Poor 
John M c Dufee 
Jo s . Cilley Jun r 

[A pen was drawn across the names of Gilman and Parsons in the 
original. ED.] 



[R. 5-12] \Captain Thornton Recommended^ 

To the Committee of Safety appointed by the Colony of new 
Hampshire or the Congress of said Colony Gentlemen whereas we 
are Informed the Honourable Congress appointed that there should be 
a Company of men Raised in this County for the Saftey of the Fron- 
teer Towns and that part of said Company is to be Raised out of this 
Regiment we would Recommend Cap 1 Matthew Thornton as a Man 
Shutable we Think to Inlist said Company and a man that we Can 
Depend upon in the graitest Troble or Destress which if your Hon- 
ours Thought proper to give him orders for so Dowing we Think that 
he Could Raise a Company in a Short Time and it would give Sattys- 
f action to the new Towns heare and oblidge your Hum ble Sert s . 

plymouth June 23 1775 David Hobart 

David Webster 
Sam 1 Sheperd 

[The foregoing relates to Matthew Thornton, of the town of Thorn- 
ton, who was arrested in 1777 for Toryism. He enlisted a company 
as per the following roll, recently found by the editor in Washington. 
ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 




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REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 15 

[Expenses of the Committee of Safety.'} 

The Committey of Saftey to Sam el Folsom Dr. 

1775 May 19 to 4 Boles of Punch o. 4. 9 

20 to the Expences of Col Garish & Col Sawyer o. 6. 6 

to one Bottel of medaro wine o. 4. o 

to 2 Boles of Punch o. 2. 5 

22 to 2 Boles of Punch & Paper o. 2. 9 

23 to one bole of Punch i/3 d o. i. 3 

24 to one Bole of Punch 1/3 Paper 3 d o. I. 6 

25 to one bole of Brandey Punch o. i. 4 
June 2 to 2 Boles of Brandy Punch o. 2. 8 

the 6 th to one Bole of Brandy Punch o. i. 4 

the 7 th two Boles Punch o. 2. 3 
6 th by the Expences of M r Smith of the Con- 

gress o. 3. 1 1 

7 to 2 Boles of Punch o. 2. 5 

8 to i bole & J of brandy Todey o. i. 3 
& 2 boles of brandy Punch o. 2. 8 

9 to thre boles of Punch 3/9 the 27 Teem- 

sters 1/5 o. 5. 2 

2. 6. 2 

Col Thornton to bording expences & Horskeeping from 

May 17 th 1775 to July 6 th 7. 14. 6 

Col Nat Folsom to Expences i. 6. 9 

Col Josiah Bartlet's Expences to July 6 th 5. 10. 2 

Cap* William Whippel's Expences to July 6 th 5. 8. 5 

Doc* Ebnzer Tomsons Expences to July 6 th 5. 10. 7 

W m Parcker Esq r s Expences to July 6 th o. 17. 10 

Cap* Josiah Moltens Expences o. 18. i 

Col [Samuel] Ashleys Expences to June 29 th 3. o. 8 

the Rev 1 M r Webster to Expences o. 2. 5 

Esq r [Israel] Mooreys Expences to July 6 th 5. 16. 3 



10 
July 28 Col 1 Bartlet Dr. o. 7. 

Doct Thomson o. 7. 8| J 

Esq r Parcker o. 3. 6 ( 

Cap* Molten o. i. 9 / ' - 5- 3 

Cap'Whipel o. 5. 6 ( 

Esq r Moorey o. 9. 7^ } ' ' a I5> l 

Col [Meshech] Were 6. 3 



14- 



1 6 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Exeter July 6 th 1775 Erros Excepted ^ Sam 1 Folsom 

July 8 th 1775 Received an order on the Receiver General 
for the full of this account. 

pr Sam 1 Folsom 



[Copied from Bedel Papers belonging to the N. H. Historical Society, 

page 31.] 

To the paymaster appointed or to be appointed for y e first Compy 
of Rangers in y e Colony of New Hampshire for y e payment of the 
Billeting money now Du or that shall be hereafter Du to either and 
each of us pay the same to Israel Morey Esq r o'r his order for value 
Rec d July 27th 1775 

1 6/5 Joseph Fifield Uriah Stone 

15/3 Joseph Hadley Silvanus Owen 

I2/ Benjamin Martin Elnathan Palmer 

36/3 John Lovern Amos Rich 
38/1 Thomas Caprin 



P . 32.] 

S 1 . Johns Nov r . 2, 1775 Rec d of Colonel Timothy Bedel the sum 
of Sixty seven pounds Lawful money for the use of my C. which 
is to remain in Canaday the winter coming for which I promise to 
account for to s d Bedel with use till paid as witness my hand. 

Attest Timothy Curtis Cha s Nelson Cap* 



[Colonel Bedel's Marching Orders, copied from Hibbard Collection^ 
in N. H. Historical Society's vault. Vol. IV. p. 85.] 

Colony of New Hamp r In Congress August 2Q th . 1775 

Resolved That Col Timothy Bedel, with all the Rangers in this 
Colony under his Command March (without loss of time,) to Haver- 
hill at Cooss, where they will receive Ten days Provisions & from 
thence march as soon as may be to the mouth of Onion River, in 
order to join the Army under the Command of Major Gen 1 Schuyler, 
or the Commander in chief of said Army, & there to observe & obey 
such orders as they shall receive from the Commander in Chief of said 
Army, for the time being 

Extract from the Minutes of Congress 

attest E. Thompson Secre y 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. I/ 

(Ibid.] 

S'. Johns October 12 th 1775 

Rec d of Colo 1 . Timothy Bedel Two Hundred Pounds One Shilling 
and Nine Pence Lawful Money for the use of the Men under my 
Command which I Promise to be accountable for as witness my hand 

.200. i. 9 Noah Philps. 

[R. 5-15] {Israel Morey s Orders for pay for Blankets.} 

Plymouth 5 th Sept r 1775 

Sir pay to M r Samuel Emerson ten Pounds Lawfull Money on ace 1 
of Blankets he has D'd to part of Cap 1 Osgood Comp'y of Rangers 
and Place to the ace 1 of the Colony of New Hampshire 

Israel Morey 

To the Committee of Supplys for said Colony D n Samuel Brooks 
Treasurer of said Committee .10. o. o 

Pay the Contents of the within order to M r Noyes Hobkinson 

Sam 1 Emerson 

1775 Septem 23 Received of Sam 1 Brooks the within order in full 

Noyes Hopkinson 

[R. 5-16] 

Haverhill Co'os head quarts 7 th Sept r 1775 

Sir pay to M r John Bayley or order thirty six pounds Lawfull money 
being money Lent me by M r Bayley to pay of y e Soilders Blanket 
money Rangers under Col Bedel &c and Place the same to the acct 
of y e Colony of New Hampshire 

Israel Morey 

To D n Samuel Brooks Trea r of the Committee of Supplys for said 
Colony in Exeter 

P. S pay M r Bayley for what he is obliged to go out of his way 
from this to Newbury to get the money 

I. Morey 

September 14, 1775 Received the contents in full of Sam 1 Brooks 

John Bayly. 

Received five shillings for extraordinary expence in coming to Exe- 
ter and tarrying one night for the money of Sam Brooks 

John Bayly 



1 8 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-i7] 

Haverhill Co'os Head qurtrs Sep 1 8 th 1775 

Sir pay to Cap 1 Thomas Johnson or order thirteen Pounds Lawfull 
money it being money Lent me by said Johnson for payment of Blan- 
kets &c for y e Rangers Command d by Col Bedel and place to the acct 
of the Colony of New Hamp r 

Israel Morey 

To the Committee of Supplys for said Colony D r Samuel Brooks 
Exeter 

[Endorsed] Thomas Johnson 

September 14 1775 Received the contents in full of Sam 1 Brooks 

John Bayly 



[Massachusetts Price fixed for Blankets.} 

This may certify that the Price fixed for the Blankets by the late 
Congress, for the Soldiers was twelve shillings lawful money 
Watertown Sept. n, 1775 Att. Sam 1 Freeman Sec y 



[R. 5-18] 

[Statement of Grievances, Colonel Moor s Regiment} 

To Colonel Daniel Moor of Bedford 

Worthy Sir We the subscribers inhabitants of several different 
towns in your Regiment who was Nominated and chosen for officers 
in the same ; Take this opportunity to make known to your Honour 
some of our grievances wherein we are Depriv d of our Libertys. 

About the 2O th of August last we met at M r Kelleys innholder in 
Goffestown (which no Doubt S r you remember very well) in order to 
Chuse our field officers which we effected : and Chose Col John Stark 
Chief Co 1 , your self Lieu 1 Co 1 one M r Oilman first Maj r Lieu 1 Sam 1 
Caldwell Second Ditto which was all Returned to the Honor bl Con- 
gress for their Confirmation. But for wise ends they saw cause to 
seet Co 1 Stark aside which made room for the advancement of all the 
rest of our choice which was done by said Congress : Lieu 1 Caldwell 
onley excepted and seet aside : and others put in his place : that we 
never had any Consairn with, nor never Desins to have : Which Do- 
ings we look upon an imposition upon him, but moore so upon us 
(Pray wheres the Liberty so much talk d of now a days) 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. IQ 

Therefore resolved : that if the said Caldwell (which was our 
Choice) is not put into the vacancy that was maid by the advanc- 
ment of the rest : we for our part shall Decline having any Consairn 
in said regiment under any other person thats put in that place : 

Therefore s r we recommend it to you to use your influence to get 
our Choice established : and if done we your friends and humble 
Serv x will serve cheerfully if required 

Ye 15 th September 1775 

Cap 1 Georg Haddley } w Cap* John Duncan, Society [Land] 

Nathaniel Fifield Cap* George Cristy j M , 

Isaac Lewis 1 _. Lieu* Jess! Cristey j Newboston 

Benj a Sleeper / r Thomas Caldwell, Dunbarton 



[R. 5-20] {John Penhallow s Bill.] 

Portsmouth Oct r 12, 1775. 
George King Esq. Bou*. of John Penhallow 

3 m 4 d . Nails a 3/ - o. 9. o 

delivered for Cooperages Casks belongs to the Ship Prince Georges 
Cargo L. money 

Received the Contents ^ John Penhallow 

[George King had charge of the confiscated cargo of said ship, 
which consisted principally of flour, belonging to the province. ED.] 



[R. 5-21] [Dr. Samuel Connor s Petition.} 

To the Hon ble The Congress of the Colony of New Hampshire Sit- 
ting at Exeter October 31*. 1775. 

Humbly Shews Samuel Connor That about the First of August 
last past your Petitioner being Zealous in the Cause of this Country, 
& hearing that many of our Friends the Soldiers at the Camp were 
sick with the Camp Distemper (so called) in the cure of which he 
hath had good & happy experience. He Travelled to the Camps, 
and there had the happiness, under God, to cure many of the Sol- 
diers, by means of his own procuring, without cost to the Colony or 
to the Patients, and Lived there six Weeks at his own Expence, untill 
his medicines were all used, and in the meantime your Petitioner had 



2O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

a horse strayed or stolen from him, at the Camps, of the price of 
Fifty Dollars, which he has not heard of since That your Petitioner 
has not received any Pay for his said Medicines & administration, 
excepting some, about Fourteen out of A Hundred & Thirteen 
Nor hath he received any satisfaction for his said Horse That your 
Petitioner is Poor & Indigent, and unable to be further serviceable to 
the sick or to himself unless helped by your hon rs 

Wherefore he humbly Prays your Hon rs to Consider the Circum- 
stances of unhappy case and Grant him such releif as your hon rs in 
your Wisdom & Clemency shall see fit and your Petitioner as in 
duty bound shall pray &c 

Samuel Connor 

These may certifie whom it may concern that I the subscriber 
being in company with Doc 1 . John Lampson last war when the said 
Lampson was D r of the New Hampshire Regiment I asked the said 
Doc 1 . Lampson if Doc 1 Samuel Connor was of any service among the 
sick in the camps, to which he the said Doc 1 . Lampson replied that 
he the said Conor had been very servicable in the Camp Disorder for 
he believed that he had helped several that he knew not what to Do 
For. - 

Sam 1 Oilman Jr. 

Exeter 3i st . Oct. 1775. 

[In House of Representatives, January 29, 1776, a vote was passed 
allowing Samuel Connor 6.1.1. ED.] . 



[R. 5 -22] 

[Service of South Hampton Men at Fort Washington.] 

Fort Washington Nov. 14 th 1775. 

Gent. In consequence of a requisition from the Committee of 
The town of Portsmouth to y e Committee of Southampton the 
Bearer Cap 1 William Cooper with eleven Men came to our assistance 
and Tarried seven Days in the month of September last during 
which we can without any desparagement to y e rest of our brethren 
observe no company behaved themselves better which time they 
Generously Give to their Country In the late movement Capt 
Cooper Brot to our assistance seventeen men and Tarried with us 
Ten days Owing to his not making a seasonable Return to the 
commanding officer we find they are likely to be excluded from Re- 
ceiving their wages in Consequence of a Resolve of the Honour- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 21 

able Congress wherefore we think it but Just & Reasonable they 
should Receive their wages in common with other companys We 
are Gent your most 

obedt Hbl Servt 3 Ezekiel Worthen 

Titus Salter 

To the Honourable the Provencial Congress at Exeter 
N. B. a True Copy with Respect to time 

Attest Joseph Leigh 



[R. 5-23] 

[Order to Israel Morey to forward Money to Col. Bedel in Canada.} 

In Committee of Safety Exeter Novem r i8 th 1775. 
To Israel Morey Esq r Whereas by order of this Committee you 
have this day drawn Three Hundred Pounds L. M. in Gold & Silver 
out of the Treasury of this Colony for the Purpose of supplying the 
Troops under the Command of Coll Bedel now in Canada. You are 
directed to employ two persons at Cohos whom you esteem faithful 
and of ability sufficient to account for the money to carry said money 
to Canada and deliver it to Coll Bedel, taking a Receipt of him that 
he will account therefor 

[R. 5-24] 

[Captain Gordon Hutchins s Account for procuring Guns, &<:.] 

State of New Hampshire To Gordon Hutchins Dr. 

1775 To horse hire from Medford to Exeter & from ) r- . 

May thence to Concord 85 miles @ 2 d I 

To D. from Concord to Canterbury 10 miles 
To D. from Concord to Warner 12 miles 

The above Journeys was made to get arms by 
order of the Congress of this State 
To a Man, Horse, & Carriage 4 Days to carry the 

arms to Medford \ 

To Expences for the Man & horse 12.- 

To my Expences in the above Journeys i.io. 

1777 To myself & horse from Concord to the Commit- ) 
July tee of Safety at Exeter on ace 1 of apprehending > 1.15. 4 
Deserters from Ticonderoga ) 



6.15. i 
Exeter November 25, 1777 Errors Excepted 

Gordon Hutchins 



22 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



In the House of Representatives Nov r 26 th 1777. The Truth & 
Justice of the above account was sworn to by Col Hutchins 

att. N. Emery Cl e D. R 

The above Sum of Six pounds fifteen shillings & one penny was 
paid, as appears by the Treasurers book 

Att. Joseph Pearson D. Sec'y 



A List of Officers & Men Belonging to Fort Sullivan. Eliphlet 
Daniel Commander. [i775-] 

[Copied from original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 



Date 




MENS NAMES 




Date 




MENS NAMES 




Oct r . 


18 


Eliphlet Daniel 


Capt n . 


Nov br . 


22 


Willi m Thrasher 


Private 


Oct r .' 


9 


Andrew Marshall 


Lieu*. 


Nov br . 


22 


George Carpenter 




Oct r . 


3 1 


Jacob Clarke 


Seed. Ditto 


Nov br . 


2 3 


Saml. Clarke 




Oct r 


18 


John Payn 


third Ditto 


Nov br . 


2 


Benj n . Peverly. 




Nov br . 


13 


Stacy Hall 


Serjant. 


Nov br . 


22 


Willi m . Hackadey 




Nov br . 


I 3 


John Tucker 


Ditto 


Nov br . 


9 


Nathl. Church 




Nov br . 
Nov br . 


!3 


Ebenezer Janvrin 
Amoss Williams 


Ditto 
Ditto 


Nov br . 
Nov br . 


23 

22 


Willi m James. 
Andrew Young. 




Oct r 


27 


Rich*. Wilson 


Gunner 


Nov br . 


6 


John James 




Oct r . 


27 


Thorn 8 . Palmer 


Do. Mate 


Nov br . 


*7 


Luke Foster 




Nov br . 


3 


Archi d . Fergirson 


Ditto 


Nov br . 


20 


Thorn 8 . Priest, Jun r . 




Nov br . 


26 


George Waters 


Drummer. 


Nov br . 


3 


Partrick Lilless 




Dec r . 


2 


Joseph Ham 


Armourer 


Nov br . 


3 


Alexa r . Kirkwood 




Dec r . 


2 


Benj n Ham 


Ditto Boy. 


Nov br . 


4 


Joseph Redman 




Oct r . 


3 1 


John Campbell 


Private 


Nov br . 


9 


Samuel Banfill 




Nov br . 


15 


John Ovendon 




Nov br . 


21 


Jacob Randell 




Oct r . 


3 1 


Thorn 8 . Priest. 




Nov br . 


22 


George King 




Nov br . 


24 


John Gunnison 




Nov br . 


6 


Willi m Moses 




Nov br . 


3 


Willi m Claridge 




Nov br . 


8 


Benj n Leach 




Nov br . 


24 


Willi m . Lewis 




Nov br . 


28 


Stephen Wille 




Nov br . 


25 


Ezral Whetton 




Nov br . 


24 


John Dam 




Nov br . 


27 


John Burbank 




Nov br . 


28 


Winthrop Bickford 




Nov br . 


I 3 


Jacob Larry. 




Nov br . 


24 


John Folsom 




Nov br . 


3 


Willi m . Gowen 




Nov br . 


2 5 


Jacob Nason 




Nov br . 


J 3 


Sam 1 . Odiorne 




Nov br . 


24 


David Langley 




Nov br . 


21 


Willi m . Walker. 




Nov br . 


2 7 


Soloman Clarke 




Nov br . 


20 


Joshua Huntriss 




Nov br . 


9 


Thorn 8 . Francis. 




Nov br . 


24 


James Willing. 




Nov br . 


14 


George Young, Dis 


chd the 14 th 


Nov br . 


8 


Joseph Winkell. 




Nav br . 


4 


Nathl. Woodman 


of December 


Nov br . 


22 


Saml. Ball. 




Nov br . 


9 


Benj n . Stubbs 




Nov br . 


13 


Willi m . Michell- 




Nov br . 


3 


James Mclntiar 




Nov br . 


2 5 


Peter Tobey 




Nov br . 


22 


Rich d . Wilson Jun r . 




Nov br . 


28 


John Stevans 




Nov br . 


21 


Joseph Stevans. 




Nov br . 


8 


Nathl. Mendom 




Dec br . 


8 


Willi m . Chiles. 




Nov br . 


27 


Simon Tobey. 




Dec br . 


14 


Joseph Shaw. 





REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



A Muster Role of the Field Artilery Company under the Care and 
direction of Hall Jackson 

[Copied from original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 



MENS NAMES 


Time of 
Enlistment 


When 
Discharged 


Time of 
Servise 


Leiut William Yeaton 


Oct. 27 


November i 


15 days 


Leiut Ebenezer Bearing 


Ditto 28 


Ditto i 


14 Ditto 


Leiut John Harden 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Serg*. Sam 1 Hutchings 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Serg* Benj a Chandler 


Ditto 27 


Ditto i 


15 Ditto 


Serg* John Gardner 


Ditto 27 


Ditto i 


15 Ditto 


Corpo. John Beck Jun r 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Corpo. Ezekiel Pitman 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Corpo. Solomon Lowd 


Ditto 30 


Ditto i 


12 Ditto 


Rob* Chandler 


Ditto 27 


Ditto i 


15 Ditto 


John Melcher 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Seth Walker 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Nath 1 . Pitman 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


John Pitman 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Mark Chadburne 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Rich d . Woods 


Nov. i 


Ditto i 


10 Ditto 


Rich d Kitson 


October 3 1 


Ditto i 


ii Ditto 


Sam 1 . Elliott 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Cotton Mather Steavens 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


James Sweat 


Ditto 29 


Ditto 


13 Ditto 


William Hart Jun r 


Ditto 29 


Ditto 


13 Ditto 


John Redding 


Ditto 29 


Ditto 


13 Ditto 


John Barnes 


Ditto 29 


Ditto 


13 Ditto 


Thomas Sherburne 


Ditto 29 


Ditto 


13 Ditto 


Henry Snagg 


Ditto 29 


Ditto 


13 Ditto 


George Lowd 


Ditto 29 


Ditto 


13 Ditto 


Andrew Toombs 


Ditto 30 


Ditto 


12 Ditto 


Shackford Seaward 


Ditto 30 


Ditto 


12 Ditto 


Guppy Stoodly 


Ditto 31 


Ditto 


ii Ditto 


Edmund Butler 


Ditto 30 


Ditto i 


12 Ditto 


Mark Pitman 


Ditto 29 


Ditto i 


13 Ditto 


Dan 1 . Jackson Jun r Drumer 


November i 


Ditto 1 1 


10 Ditto 


Geo. Jackson Jun r 


Ditto i 


Ditto 1 1 


10 Ditto 


Rob 4 . Colefax 


Ditto 2 


. Ditto 1 1 


9 Ditto 


Sam 1 . Sherriff 


Ditto 2 


Ditto 1 1 


9 Ditto 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 





Time of 


When 


Time of 


MENS NAMES 


Enlistment 


Discharged 


Servise 


Ichabod Shorer 


November 2 


November 1 1 


9 Ditto 


John Hooker 


Ditto 2 


Ditto i 


9 Ditto 


Geo. Trapthren 


November 3 


Nov. i 


8 Days 


Joseph Tapley 


Ditto 3 


Ditto i 


8 Ditto 


Winthrop Binnet 


Ditto 3 


Ditto i 


8 Ditto 


John Deavenport 


Ditto 3 


Ditto I 


8 Days 


Rob 1 Fernald 


Ditto 3 


Ditto i 


8 Ditto 



>th 



Portsm November 13 1775 
Errors Excepted 

f H. Jackson 



A List of Cap^. Stephen Clark's Company. 
[Copied from original in Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D. C] 





Stephen Clark, Capt. 
Elijah Densmore I st Lieut. 
Simon Durbin 2 nd Lieut. 
Josiah Tilton Ensign. 




Jeremiah Sanborn Serj*. 
*Micah Davis Serj*. 
Edward Chapman do. 
Joseph Mason do. 
Cornelass Denbo do. 


I 


Moses Sanborn, Corpor 1 . 


16 


Thomas Randell, 


2 


Nathaniel Daniels, do 


17 


William Bly, 


3 


John Carr, do 


18 


Josiah Durgin, 


4 1 Thomas Robinson do. 


19 


David Woodman 


5 I Richard Shaw, Drumer 


20 


Samuel Jackson, 


6 Robert Clerk, 


21 


Samuel Dam, 


/ 


Enoch Runnills, 


22 


Soloman Crocket, 


8 Elias Critchett, 


23 


Jubil Martin, (Negro man,) 


9 


Benjamin Hicks 


24 


David Killey, 


10 


Josiah Burley, 


25 


Joshua Burnham 


ii 


Nathan 1 . Stevens, 


26 


Winthrop Frost, 


12 


Elijah York, 


27 


Franciss Eliot 


13 Nathaniel Stevens, Jun r , 


28 


Sidon Martin (Negro man) 


H 


Winthrop Smart, 


2 9 


Ebenez r . Curreyer 


15 


John Randell, 


30 


David Paige 



* This name was crossed in original. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



31 


Thomas Clough,. 


52 


John Wells, 


32 


John Beedy, 


53 


Nathaniel Sanborn, 


33 


Thomas Clark 


54 


Zebulen Dow, 


34 


Elisha Clark 


55 


Thomas Folsom 


35 


Josiah Towle 


56 


Jonathan Burley 


36 


Eli Furber, 


57 


Jonathan Canistone 


37 


Joseph Gale, 


58 


James Randlet, 


38 


Abreham Clark, 


59 


Nathaniel Parsons, 


39 


Josiah Dow, 


60 


Jacob Freese 


40 


Daniel Towle 


61 


Clemont Davis, 


4i 


Chase Fogg, 


62 


Bradbury Sinkler 


42 


Samuel Fogg, 


. 63 


Joseph Purkins 


43 


Stephen Fogg, 


64 


Nathan Presscott, 


44 


Nathan White, 


65 


Sanders Carr, 


45 


Joseph White, 


66 


Joseph Presscott, 


46 


Benjamin Fox, 


67 


Clement Mudy 


47 


Enoch Ossgood 


68 


Ceaser Macling, 


48 


Theoph 3 Stevens, 


69 


Jarel Hoyt, 


49 


Winthrop Dow, 


70 


Jethro Bachelder 


50 


John Purkins Jun r , 


7i 


Timothy Nokes, 


51 Chase Ellkins, 







Portsm Nov r 22, 1775. 
To the Committee of Safety of the Colony of New Hampshire 

Gentlemen, 

Agreeable to your Order, I have this day mustered These within 
named Persons, they being good Able-bodied & Effective men & 
well acoutered. Jo s . Cilley, mustering mas. 

[Captain Clark was of Epping. He went with a portion of these 
men to Winter Hill in December, 1775. See Vol. XIV. p. 242. 
-ED.] 



A List of Cap 1 Joseph Parsons* Company 
[Copied from original in Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D. C. 



Joseph Parsons Cap* 
William Seavey I st Lieu 1 
Nathan 1 . Gilman 2 d Lieu* 
Samuel Walliss, Ensign, 



Abreham Libby, Serf*. 
Alixander Salter, d 
Josiah Hall Bartlet, Serj'*. 
Joseph Seavey D. 



26 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



1 Simon Johnson Corpor 1 . 

2 Benjamin Lang d 

3 John Foss d 



4 Richard Webster Corpor 1 

5 Joseph Harden, Drumer, 

6 Nathan 1 Harden, Fifer 



7 Samuel Hurry 

8 Hichael Dolton 

9 Nathan 1 . Tucker 
10 George Randell 
n Isaac Remick 

12 Joseph Hall 

13 John Blunt 

14 Hark Randell 

15 Richard Lock 

1 6 James Seavey 

1 7 John Sherborn 

1 8 Tobias Trunday 

19 John Rand 

20 Samuel Rand 

21 Andrew Sherborn 

22 Samuel Harden 

23 Jeremiah Bary 

24 John Foss 

25 Samuel Rand, Ju n . 

26 Elijah Lock 

27 John Lock 

28 George Foss 

29 Daniel Houlton 



30 Soloman Varrill 

31 John Varrill 

32 Nathan 1 . Lear, 

33 Hichael Houlton 

34 Abreham Hathis 

35 Benoni Rand 

36 Edward Varill 

37 Henery Shapley 

38 Hark Foss 

39 William Trefatheren 

40 John Rand 

41 Edward Randall 

42 John Odiorn 

43 Nimshy Lock 

44 Samuel Bary 

45 Benjamin Hardin 

46 Joshua Rand 

47 James Seavey 

48 Robert Horrison 

49 William Rand 

50 James Hutchings 

51 Nathan 1 . Bary 

52 James Libby 



53 John Foye 

54 James Randell 

55 Semion Towle 

56 Lott Wedgewood 

57 Robert Hitchell 

58 David Collcutt 

59 Jonathan Folsom 

60 John Bartlet 

6 1 William Burly 

62 David Wigings 

63 Joseph Collcutt 

64 Smith Chapman 

65 Walter Heal 

66 Benjamin Stevens 

67 Levi Pickering 

68 Dudly Hillton 

69 James Ryens 

70 Benjamin Randell 

71 Jonathan Hason 

72 Josiah Colcutt 

73 James Pickering 

74 Samuel Ward 



Portsm Nov r 22 d 1775. 
To the Committee of Safety of the Colony of New Hampshire 

Gentlemen agreeable to your order I have this day mustered the 
within named Persons they being good able bodied and Effective 
men and well accoutred 

Jo s Cilley Huster Haster 

[This is one of the companies of minute men, enlisted by order of 
the Committee of Safety of October 12, 1775, portions of which went 
to Winter Hill in December. See Vol. XIV. p. 242. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



A List of Capt. Peter Coffin s Company. 
[Copied from original in Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D. C] 



Peter Coffin Capt. 
John Hall I st Lieut 
Simon Wiggin 2 nd Lieut. 
James Sinclair Ensign. 



Joshua Win gate Serj. 
John Thing Do. 

Thomas Gordon Do. 



Nicholas Giles, 
Joseph Bennett 
Jonathan Chace 
Eliphalet Gilman 
Jn. Gilman 
James Gordon 
John Hill 
Will 1 ". Hoyt, 
Abraham Serref, Serg'. 
Elisha Smith 
Ebenezer Speed, 
Josiah Wyatt, Corpo 1 . 
Dudley Nicholles 
Simon Dearborn Wadley, 
John Cotton, 
Robert Lord, Jun r . 
James Rundlett, 
Henry Barter, 
Benjamin Conner 
Richard Dollof, 
Joseph Leavett, 
David Jewett, 
Edward Easemen, Corp 1 . 
John Bond, 
Nicholas Nicholles 
Oliver Calfe, Corporal 
Moses Hopkinson 
Jon a . Folsom 
James Folsom, 
Stephen Leavitt, 
Enoch Chace 
Andrew Neale 
John Mason 



34 
35 
36 
37 
38 

39 
40 

4i 
42 

43 
44 
45 
46 

47 
48 

49 
50 
5i 

52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 

59 
60 
61 
62 

63 
64 

65 
66 



Ebenezer Baker, 
David Brewster, 
Robert Hunter, 
Josiah Beel, 
Josiah Allen 
Taylor Clark 
Daniel Rollings 
Josiah Leavitt, Corpol. 
Noah Jewett, 
John Leavitt 
John Quinby 
Thomas Calley, 
Josiah Piper, 
Joseph Mason, 3 d 
John Sinclair, 
Noah Wiggin, 
Ward Mason, 
Isaac Stockbridge 
John Smith, 
Simond Row, 
Jonathan Morrison 
Edward Prescott, 
John Dollof 
Zadock Sanborn 
Jon a Veazey, 
Gilman Robertson 
Thomas Leavitt, 
John Smith, Jun r . 
John Leavitt, 
John Shaw 
Joseph Smith 
Zachariah Quinby, 
Thorn 5 Gordon 



28 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



67 


W m Cranes, 


72 


Joseph Akers, 


68 


Danl Torry 


! 73 


Saml. Chapman 


69 


Sanborn Sleeper, 


i 74 


Aaron Elesworth 


70 


Jn. Rundlett, Drummer, 


7S 


Caleb Thurston 


7i 


Joseph Louge, Fifer 


76 


Benj m . Sanborn. 



Portsmth, Nov. 24 th 1775. 

To the Committee of Safety of the Colony of New Hampshire. 
Gentlemen, 

Agreeable to your Order I have this Day Mustered the within 
named Persons, they being good able bodied & effective Men & Well 
accoutered. 

Jo s . Cilley, Muster mast r . 

[This was one of the companies of minute men raised pursuant to 
order of the Committee of Safety of Oct. 12, 1775, portions of which 
went to Winter Hill in December to take the place of the retiring 
Connecticut troops. See Vol. XIV. p. 243. ED.] 



A List of Capt. David Copps } s Company as Mustered by Capt, George 
Turner Nov.* 25 th . 1775 

[Copied from original in Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D. C.] 





David Copps Capt n . 
Moses Yeaton I st Lieut. 




Andrew Gilman 2 d Lt. 
Sam 1 . Wallingford Ens n ; 


I 


Ebenezer Pierce 


12 


John Earl 


2 


Moses Yeaton Jun r 


13 


Daniel Straw 


3 


Samuel Roberts 


H 


Nathan Roberts 


4 


Sulvanus Comwell 


15 


Ebenezer Allen 


5 


Joseph Varney 


16 


Francies Yeaton 


6 


Samuel Pray 


17 


Moses Canney 


7 


Samuel Roberts 


18 


James Pike 


8 


Benjamin Paul 


19 


Benj a . Gerrish 


9 


Samuel Downs 


20 


Richard Furber 


10 


Moses Guptall 


21 


Asa Fuller 


ii 


John Legroe 


22 


Garret Byng 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



23 


Joseph Malcham 


60 


Sam 1 Adams 


24 


William Harsey 


61 


Joshua Neal 


25 


Samuel Norton Jun r 


62 


Gideon Johnson 


26 


John Nichols 


63 


Phineas Ricker 


27 


Daniel Cook 


64 


Henry Pike 


28 


John Oilman 


65 


Samuel Dame 


29 


George Fall 


66 


Henry Rollins" 


30 


Josiah Harsey 


67 


Dudly Oilman, add 


31 


Joseph Hodgdon 


68 


Ephraim Roberts 


32 


John Oilman 


69 


Levi Furber 


33 


Daniel Paul 


70 


Dudly Smart 


34 


Grafton Nutter 


7i 


George Roberts 


35 


Seth Shackford 


72 


Jonathan Horn 


36 


Moses Emerson 


73 


Sam 1 Waldron 


37 


Daniel Jackson 


74 


Moses Carr 


38 


Silas Hale 


75 


Eliphalet Quimby 


39 


Benjamin Tate 


76 


Robert Hardy 


40 


John Knock 


77 


Joseph Sanburn 


4i 


Caleb Horn 


78 


James Home 


42 


Samuel Henderson 


79 


Rob 1 M c Relias 


43 


Jeames Boyce 


80 


Joshua Cosen 


44 


Gersham Plummer 


81 


William Palmer 


45 


Ichabod Cowel 


82 


John Roberts 


46 


Hatevil Nutter 


83 


Sam 1 . Wentworth 


47 


Anthony Vincent 


84 


Tobias Wentworth 


48 


John Ramsey 


85 


Mark Jennins 


49 


Ebenezer Nutter 


86 


John Wentworth 


50 


William Vincent 


87 


Josiah Brown 


5i 


Edward Kelley 


88 


Abraham Plunkeld 


52 


Josiah Weeks 


89 


Joseph Young 


53 


John Parsons 


90 


Jose Wiggins 


54 


Aaron Cosen 


9 1 


Rich d Tilton 


55 


John Bickford 


92 


W m Berry, Drumer 


56 


John Trickey 


93 


Rob Stokell, Fifer 


57 


Josiah Folsom 


94 


Robert Swanson 


58 


Valeentine Rickery 


95 


Benjamin Hoyte 


59 


Joel Leighton 


96 


Timothy Cosen 



[The note appended to document next preceding will apply to 
this. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



1 



1 



t^ 



t 



* 



C/2 

c 

.2 

*&0 

c 

f 



3 
ed 

g 





cu 
o 
U 



ES.QQQQ i 

rt rt ' 

uu 



QQ 



" 2 2 I 2222 

ju : : : 55 | jjj 5 5 5 5 
Q Q 



tJ 2 

3 a 







M ^2 S 



B*S 



13 X! 



SJSzS 





w 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



A Muster Role of The Field Artilery Company under the Command 
of George Turner an Muster d by Major Hack ett, December I, 1/75 

[Copied from original in Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D. C.] 



Ebenezer Bearing I st . Lieut 
William Yeaton 2 d Lieut 
John Harden 3 d Lieut 
Sam 1 Hutchings Sergt. 
Benj 11 . Chandler Sergt. 
John Gardner Jun r Sergt. 
Shackford Seaward Corp 
John Dinnett Jun r . Corp 
Solomon Lowd Corp. 
Joseph Tapley Drum r 
Henry Meserve 
Henry Snagg 
Winthrop Binnett 
Gupey Stoodley 
George Jackson Jun r . 
Thomas Sherburne Jun r . 
William Hart Jun r . 
George Trapthren 
John Hooker 
George Lowd 
Robert Chandler 



Randal Furnald 
Ichabod Shorer 
Edmund Butler 
John Reding 
Sam 1 . Sherriff 
Robert Fernald 
John Melcher 
James Swett 
Richard Wood 
Clement Jackson Jun r . 
Elliott Bearing 
Robert Colfax 
John Deavenport 
William Go win 
Samuel Yeaton 
Ephraim Dennett 
Robert Tate 
Solomon Thompson 
Reuben Daniels 
Timothy Gerrish 
Mark Pitman 



The Scale 



Capt 


Lieuts 


Sergts 


Corp 1 . 


Drum 


Privates 


Total 


I 


3 


3 


3 


I 


32 


43 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



Abstract of a Pay Roll for a company of Artillery commanded by 
Capt George Turner 1775 



i Captain from Nov. 15, to Jany 15, 2 Months @ S 
3 Lieutenants 5 M 26 days @ I2O/- 

3 Sergeants 6 months @ 5O/- 

3 Corporals & Drummers 7 M 29 days @ 45/ 

33 Privates 6 M 27 days 41 / 

Paid February 22 1776 

Ex d . P. Boyey 



16. " " 

- 32- 7- 4 
-15- \\ \\ 

17-18- 6 
128-19- 



2IO. 4~IO 



./4 List of Capt Jacob Webster s Company 
[Copied from original in Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D. C] 



Jacob Webster Capt 

Abijah Wheeler I st Lieu 1 

Ezekiel Guile 2 d D 

Joseph Williams Ensign 

James Webster Serg* 

Jared Heath D 

John Jeffers Drummer Sam 1 Fellows 

Bezaleel Beede Benjamin Silly 

Benjamin Stevens 3 d Isaac Clifford 

Jethro Sanborn Moses Hoit 

David Sanborn Sam 1 True 

Benjamin Colby John Gage 

Benj n Webster Silaway Richard Kelly 



Israel Shepherd 
Barnard Thorn 
Benj m Loverain 
John Sleeper Jun r 
Cornelius Clough 
Philip Blasdell 
James Thorn 
Nathan Thorn 
Jn Newton 
Abra m Sanborn 
Moses Stevens 
Ebenezer Stevens 
Jn Sleeper 
Jn Judkins Jun r 



John Atwood 
Jedediah Philbrook 
Sam 1 French 
Jon a French 3 d 
Peter Sweat 
Thorn 8 Newton 
Joseph Young 
Henry Dow 
Sam 1 Hews 
Richard Whitcher 
Sam 1 Noyes 
James Flood 
Ebenezer Woodberry 
Joseph Tucker 



Stephen Barger Serg 1 
Ezra French D 
Ebenezer Fifield Corporal 
Hezekiah Blake D 
Joseph Ayers D 

Silas Wheeler D 

Benj m Williams 
Jacob Thorn 
John Darling 
Humphrey Nichols 
Jon a Johnson 
Isaac Dow 
Peter Noyes 
Jesse Heath 
Abial Cross 
Samson Wheeler 
John Silly 
Joseph Brown 
Joshua Richardson 
Ebenezer Kimball 
Thorns Cotton 
Moses Noyes 
Jon a Carleton 
Warren Wheeler 
John Campbel 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



33 



Portsm th Nov. 23 d 1775. 
To the Committee of Safety of the Colony of New Hampshire 

Gentlemen Agreeable to your order, I have this day mustered 
the within named persons they being good able bodied & effective 
Men well Accoutred 

Jo s Cilley muster master 

[The foregoing company was paid February 22, 1776, for twenty- 
three days' service, a total of ,100.5.3. It was one of the compa- 
nies of minute men that went to Winter Hill. ED.] 



Fort Sulervan, Decem r the 2, 1775 

A List of Officers & Men Belonging to the Fort Sulervan, E lip he let 

Daniel) Commander. 

[Copied from original in Bureau of Pensions.] 



Eliphlet Daniel 


{ Capt. 


John Stevens 


Private 


Andrew Marshall 


(First. Leit. 


Nath 1 . Mendom 


Do. 


Jacob Clarke 


( Second Do. 


Simon Tobey 


Do. 


John Payn 


third Do. 


Willi m Thrasher 


Do. 


Stacy Hall 


Serjants 


George Carpenter 


Do. 


John Tucker 


Do. 


Saml. Clark 


Do 


Ebenezer Janvrin 


Do. 


Benj n . Peverly 


Do. 


Amoss Williams 


Do. 


Willi m . Hackeday 


Do 


George Waters 


Drumer. 


Nathl. Church 




Rich d . Wilson 


Gunner. 


Will m James 




Thorn 5 . Palmer 


Ditto mate 


Andrew Young 




Archi. Fergirson 


Ditto - 


John James 




John Campbell 


Private 


Christopher Lind 




John Ovendon 


Do. 


Luke Foster 




John Gunnison 


Do. 


Thorn 5 , priest, Jun r . 




Willi m Claridge 


Do. 


Partrick Lilless 




Willi m . Lewis 


Do. 


Alexander Kirkwood 




Ezral Whetten 


Do. 


Joseph Redman 




John Burbank 


Do. 


Saml. Banfill 




Jacob Larrey 


Do. 


Jacob Randel 




Thorn 5 . Priest 


Do. 


George King, 




Willi m Gowen. 


Do. 


Willi m Moses, 




Sam 1 . Odiorne 


Do. 


Benjn. Leach 





34 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



Willi m Walker 


Private 


Stephen Wille 




Joshua Huntriss 


Do. 


John Dam, 




James Willing 


Do. 


Winthrop Bickford 




Joseph Wimpkel 


Do. 


John Folsom 




Sam 1 . Ball 


Do. 


Jacob Nason 




Willi m Michell 


Do. 


David Langley 




Peter Tobey 


Do. 


Solomon Clarke 




Thorn 8 . Francis 




Willi m Mclntier, 




George Young 




Rich d . Wilson Jun r . 




Nathl. Woodman 




Joseph Stevens 




Benj n . Stubbs 









Total 67. 



[R. 5-26] 

{Letter to General Court of Massachusetts, sent by Deacon John Tufft, 

January 4, 1776.] 

In Congress at Exeter in the Colony of New Hampshire the 3 d . of 

Jan'y 1775. [1776.]- 

Deacon John Tufft lately of Londonderry in this Colony now of a 
Place called Belfast laying on Penobscot Bay being now before this 
Congress, and giving Information of the Troops in Boston gaining 
large supplies from many Persons living on an Island in said Penob- 
scot Bay, which Information this congress tho't proper should be 
made to the General Court of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, 
and that due credence may be given to the Intelligence of said Dea n . 
Tuffts it is certified by many Persons members of this Congress that 
they have been long acquainted with him and ever esteemed him a 
man of strict Truth & veracity. 

By order of Congress. 

M. T. [Matthew Thornton] President. 



[R. 5-27] 



\Colonel Hobarfs Receipt. ~\ 



Medford Jan'y 2 d 1776 

Rec d of Tim . Walker Jr. Eighteen Hundred Pounds Lawful Money 
to pay the Soldiers belonging to the New Hampshire Forces 
1800 f Sam 1 Hobart 

[This was in part for the payment of Stark's, Reed's, and Poor's 
Regiments to August I, 1775.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 35 

{Concerning pay of Troops in Piscataqua Harbor.} 

[R. 5-28] Portsm 2 d Jan? 1776 

Sir We beg leave to inform the Honorable Provincial Congress 
that an uneasiness has arisen in the Companies commanded by the 
Captains Daniels & Salter owing as they say to their pay's being 
less than the Matrosses receive at Headquarters This Committee 
are fully satisfied that the Hon ble Congress entertain no desire that 
our Soldiers serve for less than others & are of opinion that they 
have seen a vote of theirs stipulating the same and as the Captains 
of these Companies wait on the Congress herewith we make no 
doubt they will in their wisdom take such measures as may effect- 
ually remove the present uneasiness & give suitable encouragement 
to have the number of Men which have been voted enlisted without 
delay We would intreat that for the future the Soldiers may be 
paid monthly as the circumstances of many of them are necesitous 
I am By order of the Com ee of Safety 
Sir your most obedient Servant 

H. Wentworth Chairman 
To the Hon ble the President of the Provincial Congress 

[Committee of Safety for the town of Portsmouth.] 



[R. 5~ 2 9] \Dr. Hall Jackson concerning Salt Petre.~\ 

Doct r Hall Jackson begs leave to inform the Congress that M r 
David Greffeth, at Exeter has by him about forty Pounds weight of 
Salt Petre, which is greatly wanted at Portsmouth and Cambridge 
for the use of the Sick belonging to the Troops Exeter 7 th 
1776 

To The Hon'ble Assembly 



[R. 5-31] [Colonel Wait's Three Men.] 

To Coll Beedle Sir Hugh Miller & Mathew Miller & James 
Thomson Has leve to March with your part of this or your Rigement 
pr order of Coll Wait Sam 1 Stone 

FebJ 25 1776 



30 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-23] [Captain Hezekiah Hutchins 1 s Offer^ 

Hezekiah Hutchens here by aquants the Honr le Commety of Safty 
and gentlemen of the Congress that he Is willing to Serve his Cuntry 
In this province Service In the Common Cause and that he has bin 
in all the wars In this Cuntry sence the taking of Luesburg the first 
time and In the Last wars was Cap 4 of 100 men part of the time Did 
the Duty of Chief Inginear at fort fredrick near 2 years 



A List of the Number of and Names of men Belonging to Fort Sulli- 
van Under the Command of Capt. Eliphalet Daniels as they were 
mustered by Geo. Gaines & Order of the Committe of Safety for the 
Colony of New Hampshire. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 



No. 


MEN'S NAMES. 


Time of 
Inlistment 


Ages. 


Place of abode. 






1776 






I 


Capt. Eliphalet Daniels 


Jan? I st 


52 


Portsm 


2 


Leut. Andrew Marshall 


Jan? I st 


26 


Portsm . 


3 


Leu*. Mendum Janvrin 


Jany. I 


26 


Do. 


4 


Reuben Daniels 


12 


26 


Do. 


5 


David Langly 


- - I st 


24 


Durham 


6 


Sam 1 . Harrington 


- - 18. 


21 


Newcastle 


7 


John Folsome 


i 


18 


Durham 


8 


William Priest 


- - 9 


26 


Portsmo. 


9 


Moses Brown 


- - 19 


34 


Dover. 


10 


Ephraim Perkins 


- - 19 


27 


Do. 


ii 


Robert Fernald 


- - 16 


20 


Kittery 


12 


Hezekiah Staples 


- - 9 


42 


Do. 


13 


Joshua Pray 


- - 18 


42 


Do. 


14 


Edward Fernald 


- - 15 th 


21 


Do. 


15 


John Stayce 


ii 


20 


Do. 


16 


Joseph Fernald 


- - 1 6. 


2O 


Do. 


J 7 


Benj a . Fernald 


- - 1 6. 


32 


Do. 


18 


William Remmick 


- - I/- 


30 


Do. 


J 9 


William Cole 


- - 23. 


25 


Do. 


20 


John Chick 


- - 22 d 


25 


Do. 


21 


William Carter 


- - 1 8. 


21 


Do. 


22 


David Emery 


12. 


18 


Do. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



37 



No. 


MEN'S NAMES. 


Time of 
Inlistment 


Ages. 


Place of abode. 


23 


Joseph Stevens. 


Jany. I st 


21 


Portsm . 


24 


Timothy Carney 


- - 14. 


29 


Do. 


25 


Benjamin Dame. 


- - 15- 


2O 


Do. 


26 


Partrick Lilley 


- - I st . 


50 


Kittery. 


27 


Thomas Priest. 


- - I st 


35 


Portsm 


28 


John Foster 


12. 


21 


Kittery 


29 


Benj a . Holbrook 


~ ~ 13- 


18 


Portsm . 


30 


John Cole 


- ~ 23 


32 


Kittery 


31 


James Willing 


Jany. I 


21 


Foreigner. 


32 


William Clarrage 


I 


47 


Kittery. 


33 


Joseph Shaw 


- 


22 


Portsm . 


34 


James Mclntire 





24 


Foreigner 


35 


Alexander Kirkwood 


. 


40 


Do. 


36 


Nicholas Everett 


- - 9. 


28 


Do. 


37 


Richard Wilson 




25 


Do. 


38 


George Carpenter 





30 


Do. 


39 


Joseph Nelson 


- - 9. 


40 


Portsm 


40 


William Hackerday 




36 


Foreigner 


4i 


Archibald Ferguson 


_ _ st 


27 


Foreigner. 


42 


John Oventon 





31 


Portsm 


43 


Joseph Paul 


I . 


38 


Kittery. 


44 


Gideon Hunt 


- 24 


22 


Portsm . 


45 


Phillip Clear. 




33 


Do. 


46 


Thomas Daverson 





32 


Do. 


47 


Edward Staple 


- 13. 


18 


Kittery. 


48 


Samuel Banfill 


10 


24 


Portsm 


49 


John Nelson 


i. 


18 


Do. 


50 


Jacob Nason 


- - i. 


30 


Berwick. 


5i 


Solomon Clark. 


- i. 


37 


Rochester. 


52 


Winthrop Willey 


ii. 


30 


Kittery. 


53 


Daniel Knight 


- ~ 15- 


20 


Do. 


54 


Thomas Knight. 


ii. 


23 


Do. 


55 


William Welch 


12. 


21 


Do. 


56 


John Gunnison. 


- I. 


33 


Do. 


57 


William Ingerson 


~ 13- 


30 


Portsm . 


58 


Frederick Peverly 


22 


23 


Do. 


59 


John Fitzgearald. 


12 


23 


Do. 


60 


John Fernald 


Fete 8 th . 


21 


Kittery 


61 


Seth Walker 


Jan^ 22 


2O 


Portsm 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



No. 


MEN'S NAMES. 


Time of 
Inlistment 


Ages. 


Place of abode 


62 


John Burbanks 


Jan^ 15. 


23 


Arrundell 


63 


Nath 1 . Kennard 


ii. 


21 


Kittery 


64 


Luke Foster 


- - I st 


40 


Portsm . 


65 


John Carter 


Feb^ 8 


18 


Kittery 


66 


Downing Coolbroth 


12 


18 


Durham 


67 


Joseph Applebey 


12 


20 


Do. 



Portsmo' feby 12, 1776. 



Geo. Gains 



Abstract of a Pay Roll for Capt. George Turner s Company sta- 
tioned at Pescataqua Harbour 1 776 



I 


Captain 


from Jany 


15 to Jany 3O th . 


15 


days (a 


, 8 Pr Mo. 


4- 


,, _ 


/f 


I 
I 


Lieutenant " " " " " 
Ditto " " " " " 


15 


days "1 
days / 


@ no/ 


5 


IO 


" 


3 


Sergeants 




i month 


15 


days 


@ So/ 


3 


15 


// 


3 
i 


Corporals 
Drummer 


i Fifer 


i 2 months 


15 


days- 


457 


5 


12 


6 


3 


Privates 




17 months 


5 


days 


4'7 


35 


sj 


10 


n 


Paid Feby. 227 76 


54- 


I. 


4 



Ex d 



P. Boyey 



Portm Feby- 6 th . 1776 

Please to pay to Capt George Turner or order what is due to us 
the subscribers for our services in the Field Artilery Compy. when 
under command of said Turner also for services in said comp y . 
when under Command of D r Hall Jackson and his Receapt shall be a 
Discharge from your Hbl Serv 1 . 



Ebenezer Dearing 
John Harden 
Sam 1 Hutchings 
John Dennett 
John Gardner Jun r . 



Thomas Sherburne 
William Yeaton 
Ichabod Shorer 
John Melcher 
William Ward 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



39 



Robert Tate 

Henry Meserve 

Benjamin Chandler 

Clem* Jackson Jun r 

John Underwood 

Ephraim Dennett 

Sam 1 Elliott 

John Pitman 

Samuel Sherref 

Richard Kitsson 

Mark Pitman 

Shackford Seaward 

Edm d Butler 

Richard Woods 

Robert Colefax 

Robert Chandler 

William Hart Jun r 

Solomon Thompson 

John Thompson 

James Swett 

Cotton Mather Stevens 

John Griffin 

Robert Furnald 

John Reding Jun r 

RobtBokell 

Timothy Wintworth Barrens 

enoch Davis 

Seth Walker 



Henry Snagg 
George Trefaran 
George Loud 
John Davenport 
Will" 1 Gowen 
John Hooker 
Samuel Yeaton 
Georg Jackson 
Timothy Gerrish 
John Beck Jun r . 
Mark Chadbourn 
Daniel Jackson Jun r . 
Elliott Dearing 
Richard Pasons 
W m . Knight 
Renald Furnald 
Joseph Tapley 
Nathaniel Pitman 
Ezekiel Pitman 

his 

Thomas X Priest 

mark 

Joshua Lang Hunttress 
Winthrop Bennet 
John Barns 
George King Jun r . 
W m Cambridge 
Andrew Tooms 
Sol Lowd 



[Committee of Safety to Congress.] 
[Original in Department of State Washington, D. C.] 

Exeter February 8 th . 1776 
Sir/ 

Before the Reception of your Letters of the 1 2 th . & 2O th of January 
an account of the unfortunate affair at Quebec came to hand, with a 
Requisition from his Excellency General Washington for this colony 
to Raise a Regiment for that Service, which was Immediately 
attended to, The Field Officers appointed & orders for Enlist. 8 the 
men given out. As so great a Proportion of the men in the Eastern, 



4O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

and Middle part of the Colony were Engaged, at the Grand Army 
and to Guard our Sea Coast, It was Judged best to Endeavour the 
Raising this on the Western Frontiers, and everthing that was tho't 
Expedient had been done to forward the purpose 

We hear Some Companies have marched and expect the whole 
Battalion consisting of the Number desired will Follow them in a few 
days Before our design of Rais. g this Regiment was known in the 
Western parts, upwards of One hundred men from this Colony had 
Enlisted under officers appointed by Coll Warner of the Green 
Mounting Boys, and Marched And are we Suppose before this Time 
at Quebec 

By order of the Committee I have the Honour to be 
Sir 

Your M. hum Serv 

Meshech Weare Chairman 
Hon. ble John Hancock Esq 

[Addressed] The Hon ble John Hancock Esq 

President of the American Congress att Philadelphia 

[Endorsed] No. 6 Letter from Convention of New Hampshire, 
8, 1776 Read 4 March, 1776. 



[R. 5-32] 

{Petition of a Committee Concerning Price of Goods. ~\ 

To the Hon ble Councill and House of Representatives of the Colony 

of Newhampshire 

The Petition of a Committee chosen out of the Committees of Cor- 
respondence or Safety for the severall Towns of Newberry Port New- 
berry Bradford Andover Boxford Salsberry Haverhill Methuen 
[Mass.] Londonderry Plaistow Newsalem [Salem, N. H.] and Atkin- 
son in the Neighbor-Hood of Merrimack River having Commercial 
Intercourse with each other part of which Towns are in the Colony 
of Massachusetts Bay and part in the Colony of Newhampshire 
humbly sheweth 

That the hon ble american Congress Did by their association agree 
That Venders of goods and merchandize should not take advantage 
of any scarcity of goods occasioned by their association But should 
sell the same at the rates they had been Respectively accustomed to 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 4! 

do for Twelve months then last past and by their other Recommend- 
ations and the spirit of the Proceedings We apprehend they 
Intended that no unreasonable advantage should be taken in the sale 
of other foreign Commodities or in the Produce of our farms or our 
own manufactures That it is generally said that Numbers of Persons 
among us and in our Neighbourhood from selfish Principals and Disre- 
garding the public welfare have advanced the prices of their goods to 
Near Double what they used to sell them for and that maney of them 
have Endeavoured to engross the most saleable artickles and bought 
them up at the retaill price and Immediately advanced upon that 
retaill price above thirty per cent it is also said that the farmers upon 
like selfish motives have hoarded up Corn Grain and other Neces- 
saries of life or sold them out at the most Exorbitant prices that the 
Labouring People and those not concerned in this unjust Commerce 
oppressed both by the farmer and merchant are groaning under their 
burthens and will be unable much longer to Endure them that we 
fear a spirit of Discontent Tumult and Disorder wil] rise among us 
unless speedily prevented by the Interposition of this Hon ble court 
the fatall consequences of which may be a Disunion ^id Backward- 
ness in or Defection from the Common Cause of America 

Wherefore your Petitioners humbly pray this Hon ble Court would 
take the Premises into their serious Consideration and apply such 
speedy and effectuall Remedy to the Evills above complained off as 
may seem Proper and as in duty bound shall Ever pray &c 

Isaac Redington Chairman Haverhill [Mass.] Feb r y e 29 : 1776. 



[R. 5-33] [Captain Carlisle's Order.] 

Otter Creek March I st 1776 

Major Jn Bellows Sir For value received Please to pay M r Gil- 
more and Perkins Twenty five dollars which they have lent me to hire 
a Sleigh with. Sir dont fail of paying the above sum upon sight pr 
me Dan 1 Carlisle Cap 1 

Walpole March 6 th 1776 Rec d of Jn Bellows the full of the 
within order for the within mentioned purpose 

Pr me Robert Gilmor 

James Perkins 



42 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-34] Cap* Blip* Daniels acctf- of Stoppages &c - 

Fort Sulervin March 1776 

And Acco* of Money In Cap* Daniels Hands for Mens Wages that 
Did Not Belong to the Comp'y for the Numb r of Days against Each 
Mans Name 

Alexander Kirkwood 30 Days p d 7 days. 2. i. 

pd 9. 4 i. 12. 8 

James M c Entire 13 Ditto o. 17. 4 

Rich d Wilson Jun r 5 Ditto 6. 8 

James Billings 5 Ditto 6. 8 

Francis Drew 30 Ditto @ 45/ pr m th p d I5/ i. 10. 

From June 17 th To July 1 7 th 1776 

Samuel Clark 2 Days o. 2. 8 

Samuel Fletcher 2 Days 2. 8 

Edward Furnald 2 Days 2. 8 

Archabel Campwell 4 Days 5. 4 

Gideon Hunt 4 Days 5. 4 

Abraham Weeks half pound 2 Days 2. 8 

Powder & Iron Balls 3. 6 

Eben r Willey 22 Cartriges 5. 6 i. 10. 4 

From July To Aug 1 1 7 th 1 776 

Isaac Staple 9 Days paid Eben r Pray g/ 3- 

Stephen Ginkins 9 Days 12. 



L. my 6. 18. 8 
Wood Carr d of the Island at Sund'y times 
Oak Plank & Timber made in a Slead & sent Home 
One pound & half pound Powder from the Magazine sent Home 

The above acco*. Is By Cap* Daniels Desire 

Mendum Janvrin 

[R. 5-35] 

[Concerning Bounty on Manufacture of Salt PetreJ] 

Colony of New Hampshire March 12 th . 1776. 
To the Hon ble Council & house of representatives of said Colony 

in general assembly convened 

The humble petition of the Subscribers adventurers in the manu- 
facture of Salt Petre in said Colony humbly shews, That we find 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 43 

the bounty granted by vote of the last Congress of said Colony is 
Insufficient for the Encouragement of the Manufacturing Salt Petre 
and will not answer the good Purposes thereby Designed, as only one 
Person or a few combined can reap the advantage thereof which will 
prove a Discouragement to other undertakers who may make as 
much within an ounce as those who shall reap the benefit of the said 
Bounty & after having expended as much or more in their efforts to 
have only the Consolation of disposing of the product of their Labour 
& expence for Less than half the prime cost. 

wherefore your Petitioners would humbly suggest that it might 
more readily encourage that Important Manufacture if you should 
vacate the vote of the said Congress & in Lieu thereof give such a 
Bounty ^ pound for all that shall be made in said Colony within a 
Limited Time as to your wisdom shall appear just & adequate 
whereby we humbJy conceive many more Persons who could not 
hope to obtain said Bounty would be Induced to undertake the 
making the same & contribute their mite to the Public Benefit 
wherefore your Petitioners pray that you would grant such a bounty 
on, or fix such a price ^ pound to be paid out of the Public Treasury 
for all Salt Petre that shall be manufactured in said Colony as shall 
encourage a General procedure in so usefull & at this time Important 
an Undertaking & your Petitioners as in duty bound shall pray &c 

William Morrill Willet Peterson Samuel Sweat 

Benj n Connor Sam 1 Brooks John Calef 

Moody Morss John Calef Juner Jacob Gale 

Zacch 5 Clough Isaac Hills 

[In House of Representatives March 21, 1776, it was voted that 
the stated price of salt petre should be three shillings and six pence 
per pound, exclusive of the bounty. ED.] 



[R. 5-36] {Kittery Fire Rafts.] 

To the Hon ble . Council and House of Representatives of the Colony 
of New Hampshire convened at Exeter in s d Colony 
The Petition of the Com tee of Correspondence of the Town of 
Kittery in the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay humbly sheweth 
That in the Month of Octob r last past when every one in our neigh- 
boring Towns with ourselves were greatly alarmed at the apprehen- 
sion of our Enemies speedy approach did with the utmost dispatch 
compleat two pair of fire rafts (agreeable to the desire and directions 



44 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

of the Committee of Correspondence in Portsm .) and sent there, the 
ace* of which cost your Honours have herewith inclosed and pray an 
allowance be made us for the .charge by ordering the payment to be 
made (if your Honours in your Wisdom see cause) to M r . William 
Leighton for the said Committee of s d Town of Kittery, and your 
Petitioners as in duty bound shall every pray 

Kittery March 14 th . 1776. By order of the Committee 

John H. Bartlet Chairman 

March 2O th 1776 Voted not to grant the prayer of this Petition 



[R. 5-37] 

{Relative to East Kingston Company. ~\ 

Colony of New Hampshire To the Honourable House of Repre- 
sentatives now setting at Exeter the Petion of a Number of the 
train'g soldiers of East Kingstown Humbly sheweth : whereas this 
Company is without any officers : Lieu : Colonel Gale neglecting to 
call the Company together that they might be appointed according to 
order of Congress : therefore we the Petioners Humbly Pray that we 
might be call'd together that there might be some appointed for said 
Company 

March the i8 th 1776 Joseph Bean 

John Morrill 
Eliphalet Webster 
Jonathan Ladd Webster 



[R. 5-38] 

[Piscataqua Harbor Troops .] 

To the Honb le the General Assembly of the Colony of New Hamp- 
shire now convened at Exeter 

The Petition of Stephen Clark humbly sheweth that he Received 
orders from the Congress of this Colony in the month of October 
last to Inlist one Hundred able bodied effective men for the protec- 
tion of Piscataqua Harbour and that in consequence of said orders he 
Inlisted the said number of men and marched them to Piscataqua & 
tarried there with said men until Major Joseph Cilley by an appoint- 
ment from the Committee of Safety Reviewed said Company & 
without assigning any particular Reason dismissed Twenty five men 
from said company all of whom appeared to your Petitioner as well 
qualified for the Colony service as those that were accepted Where- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 45 

fore your Petitioner prays an allowance may be made him for the cost 
and trouble in Misting and marching said men to Piscataqua your 
Petitioner also further prays for & in 'behalf of the said dismissed 
soldiers that they may have full pay from the time of their Inlistment 
to the time of their dismission from said service as a general uneasi- 
ness appeared among them at that time which unless redressed your 
Petitioner is fearfull will have a dangerouce tendency as this Colony 
may in future stand in need of all the aid that can be obtained from 
the Soldiery Gentlemen an answer in favour of the above prayer 
will add to the favours already Received by your Petitioner 

Exeter iQ th March 1776 Stephen Clark 



[R- 5-39] 

{Petition. Matross Co., Fort Washington.'} 

To the Honourable the Councell & House of Representatives for 
the Colony of New Hampshire now convened at Exeter for the Dis- 
patch of Publick Business. The Humble Petition of the Mattross 
company commanded by Capt. Titus Salter Humbly Sheweth to 
your honours that Influenced with a Love to their country & posterety 
they with chearfulness Engaged in the publick service with a Fixt 
determination in Every Respect to Repel force by force of our Insid- 
ious & Sanguinary Enemys 

That at the time of our Enlistment they had the word of honour of 
their Captain to be in Every Respect on the same footing with the 
continental Army Commanded by his Excellency General Wash- 
ington 

That your petitioners are Informed that the Army at the head 
quarters are Entitled to a blankett or as an Equivalent thereof off 
twelve Shillings That your Petitioners hitherto have not neither 
Received a blankett or money for the same that as your petitioners 
views your honours as the Guardians of our Invaluable Rights & Lib- 
ertys and the Fountain of Justice they humbly pray your honours 
to take the prayer of their petition under consideration and grant 
them such Releif as may be consistent with the Honour & Dignity of 
the Colony and your Petitioners as in duty bound shall Ever pray 

Fort Washington March 2O th 1776 

Signed in behalf & by the Desire of the Company 

X C John Abbot David Cops 

I Henry Frost Gates Joseph Day 

< ] Thomas Jones Joshua Grant 

(3 (^George Reed Richard Jenkins 



4 6 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



A Muster role of the Field Artilery Company und. Command of 

Cap*. Ebenezer Bearing as mustered by Maj r Hackett this 

22 d March 1776. 

[Original in Pension Bureau.] 



MENS NAMES 


Age 


Place of Abode. 


i Sam 1 . Hutchings Lieu*. 


31 years 


Portsmouth 


2 John Gardner Jun r Serg 1 


27 


do 


3 Shackford Seaward, Serg 1 


44 


do 


4 Henry Meserve Serg 1 


26 


do 


5 John Underwood Corp 1 . 


28 


do 


6 George King Jun r 


24 


do 


7 Ichabod Shorer 


24 


do 


8 Henry Moore 


19 


Kittery 


9 John Moore 


30 


do 


10 Rob 1 . Briar 


25 


do 


ii Rich d . Parsons 


25 


do 


12 John Barter 


37 


do 


13 PelK Weeks 


34 


do 


14 PelK Bartor 


34 


do 


15 Joseph Gerrish 


22 


Portsmouth 


1 6 John Caverly 


22 


do 


17 Charles Grace 


22 


do 


1 8 Rob 1 . Stokell, Drum r 


26 


do 


19 Joshua Kanwell 


26 


do 


20 Sam 1 . Yeaton. 


28 


do 


21 Sam 1 Morrison 


25 


do 


22 Geo. Jackson Jun r 


27 


do 


23 W m Cambridge 


30 


do 


24 W m . Gowen 


20 


do 


25 Clem 1 . Jackson Jun r . 


34 


do 


X Sam 1 . Bennitt 





do 


26 Tim Gerrish 


20 


do 


27 Tho : Gasemore 


32 


Kittery 


28 Theod r Furnald fif 


18 


Portsm . 


29 Geo. Lowd 


25 


do 


30 John Tucker 


26 


do 


31 W m Brawton 


34 


do 


32 Solomon Thompson 


22 


do 


33 Peter Musheway 


34 


do 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



47 



MENS NAMES 


Age 


Place of Abode. 


34 Archabald Thompson 


23 years 


Portsm . 


35 Nich 1 . Buffuard 


37 


do 


X Nath 1 Mendum 




do 


36 Joseph Clark 


21 


do 


37 Rich d Perry 


38 


do 


X Sam 1 . Fletcher 




Kittery 


X John Trott 




do 


X John Loler 




do 


X Ebenezer Janveien 




Portsm . 


X Abraham Weeks 




Kittery 


38 Nath 1 . Woodman 


23 


Portsm 


39 Jn Griffin [ ? ] 


25 


do 


40 Tho s . Bowler 


24 


do 


41 Joseph Fitzgerrald 


22 


do 


42 John Hall 


19 


do 



Portsm . March 22 d 1776 

Pursuant to an Order from the Hon bl Mesheck Weare Esq r . have 
Mustered Cap* Ebn r Bearings Company & passed the underwritten 
Numbred forty two men Including officers who are able bodied 
effective men & well accoutred N. B. forty three men Including 
Capt Eben r . Bearing. 

James Hackett, Muster Master. 



[Hibbard Collection* Vol. IV. p. 86.] 

Received March 25 th . 1776 of William Bell on account & in behalf 
of Col. Israel Morey Esq r . Two Pounds of Powder & Eight pounds 
of Bullits which I received out of Colony stores for the use of a Party 
of Men whereof I command Now bound for Canada. 

Sam 1 . Fowler 

* [This valuable collection of manuscripts was made by Mrs. Sarah 
King (Hale) Hibbard, of Bath ; and after her decease was presented 
to the New Hampshire Historical Society by her brother, Hon. 
George S. Hale, of Boston. ED.] 



48 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Ibid} Chambly April 2 d 1776 

the bearer with 23 privates & I Sabalton has Drawn at this place 

125 pounds of pork & 175 Weight of Bread for five days from the 2 d 

to the 6 day of April both days Inclusive 

Caleb Benedict Commissary 



[Ibid, p. 88] 

We acknowledge to have Rec d of Israel Morey three Pounds Law- 
full being one months advance Pay in Cap 1 Joshua Hayward Comp'y 
in Col. David Oilman Regiment in Continental Sarvise this 2O th 
December 1776. 

Rec d . by each of us severally 

John Marston Ichabod Sawyer 

Giles Follet Benjamin Follet 

John Woodworth 



[R. 5-40] 

[Receipts for Guns at the Cedars :] 

Received out of Coll. Bedels Stores Nine Guns Eight Priz d at 
2. 2. o each & one Priz d at 2. 14. o which I Promise to see Returned 
in to the Stores or account for the same at the Close of the Campain 

Ceders May 9, 1776- Joseph Estabrook Cap* 

[Daniel Williams receipted for thirteen, at seven dollars apiece ; 
and Ebenezer Green for three, at 2. 8. o each. See Vol. XIV. p. 
477. ED.] 



[R. 5-41] 

[Petition from Men who were in Service at Winter Hill, 1776.] 

To the Honourable Gen 1 . Court of the State of New Hampshire 
Gentlemen We the Pertitioners do Humbley Beg that your Hon- 
ours would lend apearant Ear to our Pertition ware as their is a Num- 
ber of us which was in the Searyis of the United Stats for Eight 
months at Winter Hill in the Reg* Commanded then by Col. Starks 
and we have Not Rec d . our wagers for two months of the Time we 
also Pertition to your Honours for address we think ware as we 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 49 

have Searved our Engagements out faithfully we are intitled to our 
wagers and without your Honours will asist us we must loos it 
therefore we aple to your Honours for address hopping that your 
Honours will take it into Consideration and help us ware as we 
think it high time that we had our pay, you may Rightly say that we 
aut to apply to our officers for the same and theirfore we would 
let your Honours know that we have and that we Cant have any help 
without your Honours will see fit to help us 

Theirfore we Humbley beg that [your] Honours would take it into 
Consideration and grant thy Pertitioners their Request 

Shurborn Dearborn Samuel Sherborn 

Josiah Brown David Page 

James Kenniston 



[R. 5-42] 

{John Griffith's Petition, 1/76.] 

The Petition of John Griffith a Soldier in Captain Dearing's Com- 
pany of Artillery Humbly Sheweth That on the 19 th day of 
March last past, he enlisted himself a Soilder in Capt Dearings Com- 
pany at which time he was in perfect health and free from all lame- 
ness, that on the 22 th day of the same month he was mustered able 
and effective by the muster master appointed for that purpose. 
That on the night of Sunday the 24 th of said March he stood Sentry 
four Hours at the Powder House at Northwest end of the Town of 
Portsmouth, the weather being extreemly cold he Froze the great Toe 
of his right foot in such a manner that he lost the nail and great part 
of the flesh down to the Bone That he was not only confined two 
months but suffered great pain. That your Petitioner was fully 
determined faithful and diligently to have served his Country in the 
Capacity of a soilder during the full time he enlisted for, had the ser- 
vice been ever so hard and dangerous, and in thus doing his duty, he 
was rendered incapable of procuring himself any Suport and is dis- 
charged from the Service He therefore humbly prays the Honor- 
able Court to take the matter into consideration restore him again to 
his Company and allow him wages for the past time having never as 
yet received a farthing 

John Griffith 

To The Hon. ble General Court Conveind at Exeter 




5<D REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Head Quarters at Portsmouth May y e 4 th 1776 
this may Certify whom it may Concern that John Griffith a Solder 
in Cap 1 Bearings Company of Artillery being rendered unfit for ser- 
vice by Reason of Lameness is Discharged from s d Company 

David Oilman Col 

[He was allowed his wages by vote of the General Court, June, 
1776. ED.] 



[R. 5-43] 

[General Folsom to Colonel Stickney^\ 

Concord May 16, 1776 

S r . In consequence of orders Rec d this morning, from Maj r Gen 1 
Folsom. You are Required, on sight hereof, Immediately to give 
orders to all the Captains in your Department viz 1 . Boscawen, Can- 
terbury, New Salisbury & New Britton, [Andover] to direct their 
several Companies to hold themselves in Readiness to March on the 
shortest Notice, & that they forthwith equip themselves in the best 
manner they can & you are to take the most unwearied pains to 
examine into the state of the soldiers & in particular, see their fire- 
arms are kept in the utmost readiness for action, & in case of alarm 
or certain notice of the Landing of any Troops either in this Colony 
or the Massachusetts & our assistance is required that you give 
orders to the several Companies in your Department, to Muster & 
March as many Men as can possibly be Raised out of them, properly 
officer d with Captains & Subalterns according to the number of 
Men to the place where s d Troops are landed, to assist in Repell- 
ing them, & you may assure such officers & solders that may March 
on any such alarm they shall be paid for the Time they continue in 
the service, the same Wages & Billeting as the other Troops raised 
in this Colony for the public service, & that they shall not be 
detained any longer than the Emergency of such alarm may require 
& that you require an immediate Return to be made you, from the 
several Captains in y r Department of the exact state of their Compa- 
nies & transmit the same to me forthwith. 

By order of the Major General for this Colony. 

L* Co 1 Henry Gerrish Boscawen, Canterbury, New Salisbury & 

New Britton. 

Maj r Nathan Bachellor Loudon, Chichester & Epsom 
Maj r Isaac Chandler Hopkintown, Hinniker, Hillsborough & War- 
ner. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 5 1 

[May 7, 1776, the Committee of Safety "ordered General Folsom 
to direct the colonels of the several regiments in the counties of 
Rockingham, Strafford, and Hillsborough to hold themselves in read- 
iness to march in case of an invasion." The original of the foregoing, 
which is somewhat mutilated, was probably directed to Col. Thomas 
Stickney. ED.] 

[R. 5-44] 

[Petition from Prisoners of War.} 

To the Hon 1 the Council & the House of Representatives for the 

Colony of New Hampshire 

The Petition of John Frazer and James Taylor late Master & 
Cheif Mate of the Ship Susannah Humbly sheweth That your Pe- 
titioners sail'd from London on the 9 of December last, bound to Bos- 
ton & the Moskitto shore, that on the 6 of March following the s d 
Ship was taken, & themselves made Prisoners, by four of the Conti- 
nental armed vessels under command of Com r Manly & bro't into 
the Port of Piscataqua, that after they were discharged from s d Ship, 
they were by the agent & several other Gen 1 , advised to prefer a Pe- 
tition to his Excel y Gen 1 . Washington (under whose direction those 
armed vessels were,) the Prayer of which his Excel y was pleased to 
grant, & gave your Petitioners leave to Purchase a vessel, that they 
might proceed wherever their Business called them, that after obtain- 
ing this leave from his Exc y . (which he was also pleased to signify to 
the agent here) your Petitioners in Comp'y with Cap*. Richard Emms 
did Publickly purchase a Small Sloop fitted her for sea & provided 
themselves with stores, intending to proceed directly to the Moskitto 
shore where one of your Petitioners has much of his Interest laying 
in which proceedings your Petitioners were countenanced & encour- 
aged by many Gent, of this Colony & when they applyed to the 
Colony Collector were by him advised to proceed, & assured they 
should meet with no delay on acc. of the necessary Papers That 
afterward on application for clearance the Collector informed them 
he had received orders from the President of the Council & Corn- 
mittee of Safety to Prevent their further proceedings Your Peti- 
tioners afterward made application to the Hon 1 the Committee of 
Safety of this Colony, for leave to proceed on their intended voyage, 
& were by them informed that nothing further could be done till your 
Honours were met in Gen 1 Assembly. 

Your Petitioners now Pray your Hon rs will take their case into 
Consideration and be pleased to grant them such allowance for their 



52 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

support during the time they have been, & may be detained in this Col- 
ony, & as your Petitioners can with sincerity assure your Honours, they 
have not the most distant desire to injure the Colonies in any way, 
they Pray your Honours would please to give them leave to depart from 
this Colony whenever a convenient oportunity offers for them to get 
to their Respective places of abode. 

And your Petitioners shall ever Pray - 

John Frazer James Taylor 

Portsmouth June 5 th 1776 

[Captain Emms was allowed 20, and all three were granted leave 
to go to the West India Islands. ED.] 



[R. 5-45] 

{Certificate Relative to John Robertson.'] 

I do hereby Certifie that Jn Robertson formerly a Soldier in Cap* 
Derburns Company and Belong'g to Cap 1 Charls Nelson 3 Company 
since the I st Day of January last Returned to penny Cook with me 
the 27 th Day of May 1776 

P r William Simpson 

Orderly Serg 4 for s d Company 
Exeter 5 th June 1776 



[R. 5-46] 

[Memorial of Colonel Ashley and Others.^ 

To The Hon'ble The Council & Assembly of the Colony of New 

Hampshire in General Court convened 

The memorial of Sam 1 . Ashley, Benj a Gyles, John Hurd, Israel 
Morey, & John Bellows Esq 1 " 5 . Inhabitants of the Western Frontiers of 
the Colony, for themselves and their constituents humbly sheweth 
r - That your Memorialists being much concerned since the news of 
the late Defeat of so considerable a part of Col. Bedel's Regim* in 
Canada, and their falling into the Hands of a number of Indians who 
it seems have been perswaded by our unnatural, inveterate enemies 
to take up arms against us ; and apprehensive of the bad effect it 
may have on the people in all our new settlements near Connecticut 
River ; that it may alarm & strike such a dread into many of them 
especially our women & children as to enduce them to quit their hab- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 53 

itations & flee for refuge back to the interior Country a distress- 
ing circumstance, & such as may do irreparable injury to the glorious 
cause we are engaged in Taking these things into our serious con- 
sideration, we beg leave to recommend to the Hon'ble Court the ex- 
pediency & real necessity of immediately raising a Company of Ran- 
gers, (unless a Company of the New Battalion now raising may be 
spared,) who may be employed in different parties of 20 or 30 Men 
each to range and scour the woods in that extensive part of the 
Country lying between Lake Champlain & Connecticut River for a 
few months at least which will not only be a Guard & Defence to 
the Frontiers against the inroads of any small parties of Indians and 
a Check upon such Tory Friends to Ministerial Government (of 
which we fear there are not a few whose ill designs we need to dread) 
But also very much tend to quiet the minds of all our people on the 
Frontiers who we are assured at present, are in a state of great 
anxiety ; as well as your memorialists for their absent Familys 
and therefore humbly pray the speedy attention of the Hon'ble Court 
to this necessary measure, & as in duty bound we shall ever pray, 
&c 

Colony of New Hampshire Exeter 13 th June 1776 

Sam 1 Ashley [Claremont] Benjamin Giles [Newport] 
John Hurd [Haverhill] John Bellows [Walpole] 

Israel Morey [Orford] 

[Messrs. Ashley, Giles, and Hurd were members of the Council, 
and Messrs. Bellows and Morey of the House of Representatives, at 
this time. ED.] 



[R- 5-47] 

{Agreement for the Manufacture of Powder.~\ 

[On the 2 ist of March, 1776, a committee was appointed to arrange 
with some person to manufacture a supply of gunpowder for the 
use of New Hampshire troops, and said committee entered into an 
agreement with Col. Samuel Hobart, as follows. ED.] 

Memorandum. It is agreed this 13* day of June 1776 between 
Samuel Hobart of Holies, in the County of Hillsborough & Colony of 
New Hampshire Esq r of the one part & Meshech Weare of Hampton 
Falls Esq r & Nathaniel Folsom of Exeter Esq r Benjamin Barker of 
Stratham Esq r . Samuel Dudley of Brintwood Esq r & Samuel Phil- 
brick of Kingstown Esq r all in the County of Rockingham in said 



54 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Colony, being a Committee appointed by the General Court in said Col- 
ony to agree with some person to build a Powder Mill in said Colony of 
the other part. The said Samuel Hobart for the considerations here- 
after mentioned doth for himself his Executors & administrators Cov- 
enant promise and agree to & with the said Committee & every of 
them that within the space of three months from the date of these 
presents he the said Samuel Hobart shall & will at his own proper 
cost & charge erect or cause to be erected upon some good & suffi- 
cient stream of water in said Colony a good Mill to be well contrived 
finished & executed with Twenty Mortars or to be so otherwise con- 
structed as to well sufficiently & effectually pulverize the materials 
for making Gunpowder equal to Twenty Mortars, & that the said 
Samuel Hobart enter upon & perfect the Manufactory of Gunpowder 
with all convenient speed as aforesaid, & the said Samuel Hobart doth 
further covenant with the said Committee, that for the consideration 
of six Tons of Salt Petre with a Proportionable quantity of Sulphur 
wherewith to make Gunpowder to be delivered to him by the s d Com- 
mittee on behalf of said Colony, at Exeter by the time of said Mills 
being ready to work (whereof notice shall be given by him the said Ho- 
bart) that he the said Samuel Hobart will as soon as may be deliver to 
the said Committee or some one of them or to their or some one of 
their order, or orders at said Exeter, Six Tons of Good Gun Powder, 
they paying to him over & above the said Quantity of Salt Petre 
eight pence for every pound of said Powder, & the said Samuel Ho- 
bart doth further covenant as afores d that he will allow & pay to the said 
Committee for the whole of said Sulphur to be so delivered as afore- 
said so much money, as shall be the cost thereof to them, and the 
said Committee, on behalf of the said Colony do covenant promise & 
agree to & with the said Samuel Hobart his Executors & administra- 
tors, that they the said Com tee will deliver or cause to be delivered to 
him the said Sam 1 Hobart the said Six Tons of Salt Petre & a 
proportion of Sulphur at Exeter on the Condition & in manner as 
afores d . & moreover do engage that the said Colony shall pay to the 
said Sam 1 Hobart the sum of eight pence for every pound in said Six 
Tons of Gunpowder to be so manufactured & delivered to them 

In witness whereof the parties to these presents have hereunto in- 
terchangably set their hands & seals this 13 th day of June A. D. 1776 

Signed Sealed & delivered Sam 1 Hobart (L. S.) 

in presence of 

E. Thompson John Smith 

[Colonel Hobart established a manufactory at Exeter and made 
powder during the war. He subsequently used it for making nails. 
ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 55 

[R. 5-50] [Samuel Dalling, for Use of his Schooner.} 

To the Hon ble Council & Representatives for the Colony of New 

Hampshire at Exeter convened. 

The Petition of Samuel Bailing of Portsmouth in said Colony, 
Mariner, humbly sheweth 

That in October 1775 when an attack was expected at Piscataqua 
Harbour from the Fleet that destroyed Falmouth, a Schooner belong- 
ing to your Petitioner which he constantly used in the Coasting 
Business was taken into the service of the Colony, and moored in the 
strength of the Tide in Piscataqua River in order to entangle or pre- 
vent the ships of the enemy from coming up said River. That the 
said schooner was detained in said service during the term of 33 Days 
in which time she suffered considerable damage in her Hull and 
Cables, as will more fully appear by the account herewith exhibited. 
Your Petitioner humbly Prays that your Honours would take the 
matter into consideration, and grant him such allowance for the use 
of said Schooner, and the damage she sustained as in your wisdom, 
you shall judge adequate 

Portsm June i8 th 1776 Sam 1 Balling 

[The accompanying bill amounts to ,\J. 4. o.] 



[R. 5-53] \Henry Foss asks Pay for Service.} 

Portsmouth June 2Q th 1776 

To the Hon : General Court of the Province of N. Hampshire. 
The Petition of Henry Foss humbly sheweth that your Petitioner 
at the time of our late Governors Administration was apply'd to by 
Cap 1 John Cochran Captain of the Fort William & Mary to enlist and 
serve there as a common Soldier at the rate of twenty four shillings 
lawfull money pr month he immediately complyd and performed his 
Buty there for the space of four months to the approbation of the 
Captain according to agreement he was to be paid at the expiration 
of the time since then the Captain together with his appointer have 
quitted the Province, which have deprived him of his lawfull Dues 
Confiding in you the authority of the Province, I take the Liberty to 
ask my pay of you, the General Court of this Colony, by which Hon' 
House I was employ'd in said service and now ask my pay as in Buty 
bound I shall ever Pray 

his 

Henry X Foss 

mark 



56 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-54] {Richard Champney to Meshech We are.} 

July I, 1776 

S r Finding no private hand to forward you mine of yesterday have 
agree d with the bearer Thomas Goodwin to come with the letters & 
have engaged him 42/ L. my which you will please to pay him 
find it Dificult to get teams do not expect to get away with the 
powder untill Wednesday morning so that you may write your mind 
with respect to a guard or any other matter necessary Nothing new 
this morning 

Y s . Richard Champney 

Hon. Meshech Weare 

[Superscription," M r Champneys Letter from Boston July I st 1776." 
See Vol. VIII. pp. 177-179. ED.] 



[R. 5-56] {Petition from Exeter Men, 1776.] 

Colony of New Hamp r To the Hon ble Committee of Safety for 
said Colony Humbly Shews the subscribers Freeholders and inhabi- 
tants of said Colony That we apprehend there is a considerable quan- 
tity of salt & west India & other goods now in store in this Town 
the most of which is secreted, & the small Remains that are exposed 
to sale is at such an extravagant Price that it Renders it extreamly 
Difficult for those that most want those articles to Procure them, and 
as extortion & oppression, monopolizing & engrossing, at all times 
are Displeasing to heaven, & most Destructive to civil sosiety, but 
especially at a time when a People are Labouring under all the 
Horrors of a civil war, Wherefore we your Petitioners, Pray your 
honors to take their Distressing case into your most serious consid- 
eration & Direct to some measures that may be effectual to Pre- 
vent so growing an evil & which (if not Discountenanced by the 
whole force of civil authority) will be attended with the most Dismal 
consequences, and whereas the Hon ble Continental Congress have 
long since signified to the whole continent their disapprobation of 
any person or persons taking the advantage of the scearsity of goods 
to exact an exhorbitant Price for them, If any Person or Persons shall 
be so hardy (after being Duly warned & advertized by your honors) 
as to continue their obstinacy & Percist in their violence, we cannot 
but apprehend our selves fully authorized in obliging them to Reduce 
their commoditys to such Prices as are in themselves just and Rea- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



57 



sonable We begg leave further to signifie to your honors that some 
of us the subscribers have in the most Respectfull manner waited on 
several Gentlemen this Day who we are informed had goods in cus- 
tody & all were willing we should see them except Major Daniel 
Tilton who utterly refused to show any thing or admit us into his 
store. 

Exeter 9 th July 1776 



Joseph Leavitt 
Jeremiah Connor 
Humphry Wilson 
Benjamin Runlet 
James Haynes 
Ichabod Davis 
William Meeds 
Samuel Lak 
James Sinkler 
Jonathan Thing 
David fineld 
Abraham Morrill 
Winthrop Dudley 
Daniel Sanborn 
Nath 1 Graves 
Dudley Kimball 
Alexander G Smith 
Dudley Thing 
Bartholomew Gale 
James Robinso 
Jonathan Shaw 
Coffin Sanborn 
Simeon morgain 
Stephen H. Creighton 
Daniel Lowell 



Samuel wormall 
Jerey Buel ? 
Eliphalet Thing 
Samuel thing 
Daniel Leavit 
John Bennet 
Sam Colcord 
Nath 1 Cross 
Elipha Sanborn 
John Dudley 
John Connor 
Sam 1 Gilman jr 
Josiah Barker 
Samuel Thing 
Timothy Sanborn 
Richard dollof 
Paul Jewett 
Gilman Robinson 
Peter Thing 
Samuel Ellsworth 
John Shaw 
Moses Merrill 
Oliver Lyford 
Daniel Barker 
Samuel Connor 



Tru'y Folsom 
Jon a Norris 
James Gordon 
Jabez Smith 
Levi Morrill 
John thing 
Thomas Dollof 
Robert Kimball 
Aaron Ellsworth 
Noah Greeley 
David Robinson 
James Marston 
John Dudley 
Bartholomew thing 
Robert Rowe 
John thing 
Dudley Leavitt 
Oliver Calfe 
Moses Leavitt 
Stephen Thing 
B. Connor 
Eber Kendell 
John Fullonton 
Stephen Ames 



[See Vol. XL p. 655.] 



[Colonel Bedel's Defence. Bedel Papers, p. 40.] 

Gentlemen By the most unjust and ungenerous Miss Represen- 
tation of facts, I have had the miss fortune to be Censured by the 
Public for a Crime which I know my self Perfectly Innocent of It 
was ever my Intention to have apply'd for a like Court of enquiry on 



58 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

this part of my Conduct, But General arnold has prevented that ap- 
plication which from the length of time and severity of my confine- 
ment I could have wished he had saved himself that trouble. The 
charge against me and what only as I conceive Gentlemen will fall 
under your consideration is for quitting the Post at the Ceders, the 
language and insinuations of this charge impute nothing less than 
Cowardice. It was my miss fortune and a very general one too, that 
it fell to my lot to be ordered immediately on my arrival in Canada 
to take the Command of this unlucky post Carringnon S*. anns as 
well as to Cultivate a friendship with the Indians and engage them 
if possible in the service of the united Colonies The Command was 
equally as undesired as Difficult & Disagreable, more especially when 
considered how ill provided I was with every necessary means of De- 
fence in that quarter, or even to secure a Retreat if that last resource 
became necessary In vain did I frequently apply to Gen 1 Arnold 
the then Commanding officer at Montreal for the most necessary 
supplys of ammunition provisions, Intrenching tools and Batteaus 
the latter of these articles the security of the men at these several 
posts greatly Depended We were frequently living on less than half 
allowance of provisions the natural Consequences of all which was the 
greatest discontent & dissatisfaction of the officers and very little 
short of a mutiny amongst the soldiers. It has been urged in this 
Court by my Prosecutor that it was never his Intintion that I should 
leave the post at the Ceders unhappy am I, that I did not compre- 
hend his meaning as it now appears by his wisdom as in that case I 
should have had less care less trouble and less fatigue of both body and 
mind If I have mistaken the letter and words of his orders I have not 
been alone in it as it has been given in evidence by a worthy gen- 
tleman, a brave and experienced officer, and from whom I first Re- 
ceived my orders and Instructions, that I was not limited to the post 
of the Cedars only, either by Gen 1 , arnolds verbal or writen orders. 
It is likewise proved that I attended a meeting of the Savage Chiefs 
at Coughnawaga During this Command by Generall arnolds approba- 
tion, and by his own evidence as it now appears. It is also in proof 
that it was proposed by General arnold himself or in his presence 
that I should visit the post of Carringnon I never Conceived that 
by my writen orders or any other verbal Instructions from Gen 1 , 
arnold, that I was to remain at the Cedars and at that post only, but 
on the Contrary that I was to establish, over see, & have an eye to 
the several Different post and to protect all that part of the Country 
and in Particular to attend to the Cultivation of a friendship with 
the savages. This most Disagreable part of my Duty led me to com- 
ply with the Request of the Savage Chiefs in meeting them in 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 59 

Council at Coughnawaga even at a time when I was 111 with the 
Small Pox. 

The post at the Cedars was at that time in as perfect tranquility as 
it had ever before been, were it otherwise was I to suppose that the 
Defence of that place Depended entirely on me ? I was but a man 
and a sick man at the time, there were a number of Reputed good 
officers at that time and place the orders which I left you have seen 
and I hope will in part plead my Justification - 

In the next place when I Received advice at Coughnawaga of the 
approach of the enemy ; what was I then to do ? I must own I was 
myself at a loss, Rather inclined to Return Immediately, But the 
Savages in Council Insisted that I should go to Montreal and there 
Represent the Situation of that part of the Colony which very partic- 
ularly Reguarded themselves as well as the Troops at the several 
posts, they proposed and sent me with two of their young men in a 
Canoe to Montreal, had I not consented to their Request in this 
Instance I should have Disobliged them and of course Disobeyed that 
part of my writen and verbal orders & I thought at any rate that 
it could make but two or three hours Difference in my Returning to 
the Cedars, the Delay at Montreal was not my fault, when I arrived 
at La Chine on my way to the Cedars, Sickness absolutely prevented 
me from proceeding with Major Shelburn his, Cumstan's & Miller's 
oath, proves that the want of Batteaus was the [cause of] the loss of 
the post at the Cedars as otherwise he would have been there time 
enough to have Relieved the besieged But it seems that private 
property and particular security has been more attended to than the 
Public service otherwise the boats would have been sent with Major 
Shelburne as promised me, and at first ordered These facts Gentle- 
men I hope have generally appeared in proof to your satisfaction 
If I have erred in Construing the words or meaning of Gen 1 Arnolds 
orders I hope it .will be considered as an error in Judgement, a Defect 
in the head and not in the heart I will only add that this is the 
Twelvth Campaign I have served, eight of which as a Commissioned 
officer & during all which service I never was brought to a Court mar- 
tial Confined or even Repremanded before, But on the Contrary I 
have ever had the good fortune of doing my Duty in such a manner 
as was pleasing and satisfactory to my several Commanding officers, 
for the proof of which I can appeal to several officers of Distinction 
here now on the ground I here close my Defence with a perfect 
satisfaction and the greatest regard to the opinion of every gentleman 
in this Honourable Court not doubting in the least but that I shall be 
acquitted with Honour 

Crown Point 9 th July, 1776. T. Bedel 



6o 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



[See American Archives, 5th Series, Vol. I. pp. 158-170, 239. 
July i gth a court-martial was ordered to try Bedel and Butterneld, 
and they were both cashiered. Ibid, p. 80 1. Colonel Bedel was on 
duty again early the following year, and in command of a regiment 
in 1777, 1778, and 1779, in which capacity he did good service, prov- 
ing himself to be an energetic and capable officer. ED.] 



[Canada Re emits Receipt for Bounty.'} 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 

Colony of New Hampshire 

We the Subscribers Received of Asa Davis Paymaster the Som of 
Seven pounds, eighteen Shillings for a bounty also two pound for, 
for one months advance pay for Canada Sarves we Say Received By 
us the Subscribers each one ouer Soms sat Down against ouer names 

Nottingham West July S? 6 1776 





A 


Bounty 




one months 
advance pay 


his 


- 


S- D 


- 





S- D- 


John X Loring 


7- 


18- 





2 


-0-0 


mark 












Ichabod Esinau 


7- 


18- 





2 


- O - 


Stephen Hadley 


7- 


18 - 





2 


- 4 - od 


Ephraim Chandler Chase 


7 - 


18- 





2 


- - O 


Micaiah Chase 


7 - 


18- 





2 


- - O 


His 












Thomas X Sarler 


7 - 


18- 





2 


-0-0 


mark 












Timothy Pollord 


7 - 


18- 





2 


-0-0 


Joshua Chase 


7 - 


18 - 





2 


-0-0 


Amos Kiney? 


7 - 


18- 


o 


2 


-0-0 


Jno. Caldwell 


7 - 


18- 





2 


-8-0 Sarg 


Samuel Caldwell 


7 - 


18- 


o 


2 


-0-0 


Thomas Caldwell 


7 - 


18 - 





2 


-0-0 


Richard Marshall 


7 - 


18- 





2 


-0-0 


John Pollard Jr. 


7- 


18- 





2 


-0-0 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



6l 





A 


Bounty 


one months 
advance pay 




j ~ 


S- D- 


- S- D- 


William Merril 








his 








Ebenezer X Palord 


7- 


18 - o 


2 - 0-0 


mark 








Jemes Dickey 


7- 


18- o 


2 - 0-0 


David Ames 


7 - 


18 - o 


2 - 0-0 



\Canada Recruits Receipt^ 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 

Colony of New Hampshire 

We the Subscribers Received of Asa Davis Paymaster the Som of 
Seven pounds Eighteen Shilings for a Bounty also two pounds for 
one months advance pay for Canada Sarves We Say Received By us 
the Subscribers each one ouer Somes Sat Down against ouer names 

Mason July 12 ^ 1776 





Bounty 


one 
pay 


months 
advance 







- s - 


D 


- 


S. D. 


John Dutten 


7 


18- 





2 - 


0-0 


Obadiah Parker 












Samuel Squier 


7 


- 18- 





2 - 


0-0 


Samuel Eliot 


7 


- 18- 


O 


2 - 


0-0 


John Swallow 


7 


- 18- 





2 - 


0-0 


Nathan Hall Jun. 


7 


- 18- 





2 - 


0-0 


Samuel Smith 


7 


- 18- 





2 - 


0-0 


Joshua Davis 


7 


- 18- 


o 


2 - 


0-0 


William Mills 


7 


- 18 - 





2 - 


0-0 


Oliver Hodgman 


7 


- 18- 





2 - 


0-0 


Henry Hall 


7 


- 18- 





2 - 


0-0 


James S [Illegible] 


7 


- 18- 





2 


O - O 



62 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



{Return of Capt. William Barrori s Company.'} 

We the Subscribers do acknowledge to have Recev d of Nahum 
Baldwin Paymaster Company (Rais' d for Canady) The Several Sums 
affixed to our Names as a 

N. B. The Cap* Lieuts & Ens n Recev d Two months advance Pay, 
as by the ? 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 



Officers 


The Time 
when 
Muster*. 


Towne they 
Live in 


aged 


Their Names 


the Sum 
Paid 


Cap* 


July 15 


Merymac 


33 


William Barren 


16. o. o 


Lieut 


15 


Dunstable 


26 


John Lund 


10. 16. o 


Lieut 


15 


Wilton 


35 


Jonathan Burton 


10. 16. o 


Ens n 


15 


Amherst 


33 


James Gilmoor 


8. o. o 




23 


Amherst 


27 


Nathaniel Haselton 


10. 6. o 


I st Sergt 


23 


Wilton 


32 


Richard Whitney 


10. 6. o 


2 d D. 


23 


Dunstable 


32 


Abijah Reade 


10. 6. o 


3 d D 


23 


Merymac 


44 


Benj n Vickery 


10. 6. o 


4 th D 


23 


Amherst 


46 


W m M c Cluer 


10. 2. 


I st Corp 1 


23 


Dunstable 


49 


John Fletcher 


IO. 2. O 


2 d D. 


23 


Wilton 


38 


Josiah Parker 


10. 2. 


3 d D 


24 


Amherst 


24 


Ephraim French 


10. 2 


Drum r 


23 


Merymac 


16 


Reubin Cumings 


10. 2. O 


Fifer 


23 


D. 


19 


John Field 


IO. 2. O 




June 27 


Henniker 


37 


George Bemain 


8. o o 




27 


Keen 


27 


W m Hardwick 


8. o. o 




27 


Amherst 


21 


Aaron Boutell 


9. 18. o 




July st 


Amherst 


32 


Caleb Stevens 


9. 18. o 




st 


D. 


28 


Eleazer Readings 


9. 18. o 




st 


D. 


20 


Benj n Sterns 


9. 18 o 




st 


D. 


30 


Ebenezer Rea 


9180 




st 


XD. 


27 


Nathaniel HasaltonX 


9. 18-0 




gth 


Merymac 


17 


W m Cowill 


9-18-0 




10 th 


X Wilton 


38 


Josiah Parker X 


9-18-0 




10 th 


D. 


33 


Abijah Perry 


9-18-0 




10 th 


D. 


19 


Henry Stevens 


9-18-0 




10 th 


D. 


29 


Ephraim Baker 


9-18-0 




10 th 


Wilton 


42 


Jonathan Greela. 


9-18-0 




10 th 


D. 


22 


W m . Parkhust 


9-18-0 




10 th 


D. 


39 


Phinias Farrington 


9-18-0 




10 th 


XD. 


32 


Richard Whitney X 


9-18-0 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 63 

\Capt. William Barrens Company continued.] 



Officers 


The Time 
when 
Muster d . 


Towne they 
Live in 


aged 


Their Names 


The Sum 
Paid 




July io th 


Wilton 


25 


Caleb Putnam 


9- 18- o 




10 th 


D. 


19 


Asa Peirce 


9- 18- o 




10 th 


D. 


26 


Archelaus Putnam Jun r 


9- 18- o 




10 th 


D 


18 


Archalaus Kenney 


9~ 18- o 




10 th 


D 


49 


Isaac Peabody 


9~ 18- o 








35 


Jona. Burton X 


9-t i8-f o 




10 th 


D. 


16? 


Abraham Burton 


9- 18- o 




10 th 


Amherst 


18 


George Wilson 


9~ 18- o 




10 th 


D. 


17 


Robart Gibbs 


9~ 18- o 




II th 


D. 


19 


Thomas Goodridge 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


Dunstable 


18 


Thomas Blanc hard 3 d 


9~ 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


53 


Thomas Killicut 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


21 


Israel Ingols 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


43 


Medad Combs 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


21 


Levi Lund 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


19 


Thomas Haris 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D, 


19 


Peter Honey 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


23 


James Jewel 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


52 


Benj n Bay ley 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


49 


John FletcherX 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


40 


Charles Butterfield 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


32 


Abijah Reed X 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


J 9 


W m Butterfield 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


37 


Abraham Hale 


9- 18- o 




12 th 


D. 


27 


John Cunningham 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


Amherst 


33 


James Gilmore X 






15 th 


Merymac 


16 


Reuben CommingsX 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


D. 


20 


John Combs 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


D. 


29 


Timothy Harrington 


9- 18- o 




i5 th 


D. 


33 


Robert M c Night 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


D. 


34 


Jacob Wendell 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


D. 


40 


John Vickery 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


D. 


19 


Abijah Usher 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


Amherst 


24 


Ephraim French X 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


Merymac 


19 


John Field X 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


D. 


33 


Thomas M c Cluer 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


Amherst 


46 


W m M c Cluer. 


9- 18- o 



64 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

\Capt. William Barrens Company concluded^} 



Officers 


The Time 
when 
Muster d 


Towne they 
Live in 


aged 


Their Names 


The Sum 
Paid 




July 15 th 


Merymack 


21 


W m Stewart 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


D. 


26 


John Manahan 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


Amherst 


26 


Theadore Stevens 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


Merymack 


44 


Benj n Vickery X 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


Amherst 


40 


John Burns 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


D. 


30 


Sam 1 Harris 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


D. 


19 


Jonathan Lamson 


9- 18- o 




15 th 


Rockingham No 4 


35 


John Loide 


9- 1 8- 0' 




15 th 


Amherst 


19 


Benj n Clark 


9- 18- o 




1 6 th 


D. 


33 


W m Small Jun r . 


9- 1 8- o> 




1 6 th 


D. 


32 


Robart M c Farson 


9-18- o 



,668- 6- o 

[Captain Barren's company marched August i, 1776. See Vol. 
XIV. p. 690. Those marked with a X at the end of the name seem 
to be repetitions. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 




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ooooooooooooooooooooo 



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1 1 



rtco 



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.11.11 II 

II t^x ON ON ON ON ON I ON >-* ON ON ON I I I I O O O 

IWMMMUMIMM | | | I <S N N 

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66 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 




- 

ll -atill-fiSjs J II s 1^1 sut 



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,Q 
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REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



6 7 



Pay Roll of Capt David Woodward' s Company of Rangers for the 
state of New Hampshire, Commencing when enter d said service 

and ending when they were discharg d 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 









1 


d 

o 










<u 


CO 


^ 




\A7Vi 1 


NAMES AND RANKS 




jf 




IH 


Os 


Amount 




J? 


-g 


o> 
g 


OJ 


1 






& 


B 


M 

H 


rt 


& 










days 








David Woodward. Capt 


July 5 


Octo 4 


92 


6. o. o. 




18.- o.- o 


Abel Lyman Lieut 


do 


do 


do 


4. o. o. 




12-0-0 


Joshua Hazen Commissary 


do 


do 


do 


3-0-0 




9.- o.- o 


John Bacon Serjeant 


July 7 


do 


9 


2-8-0 


-10-0 


8-10-10 


John Colburn ditto 


" 8 


do 


89 


2-8-0 


-10-0 


8 - 9 -'3 


Joel Brown ditto 


" 7 


do 


90 


2-8-0 


-10-0 


8-0-5 


Benjamin Davis Corp'l 


" 7 


do 


9 


2-4-0 


- 10-0 


8-0-5 


Ashahel Tucker ditto 




do 




2-4-0 


-10-0 


7-19-0 


Elkanah Sprague ditto 


" 8 


do 


89 


2-4-0 


-10-0 


7 -10 - o 


Asa Hodges Private 


" 7 


do 


9 


2-0-0 


-10-0 


7-7-4 


Canet Sawyer " 


" 7 


do 


do 


do 


- 10. 


7-7-4 


David Haze 


" 7 


do 


do 


do 


- 10. 


7-7-4 


Daniel Bliss 


" 8 


do 


89 


do 


- 10-0 


7-6 -10 


Eleazer Woodward 


" 8 


do 


do 


do 


- 10-0 


7 - 6-10 


Gershom Dunham 


" 8 


do 


do 


do 


- 10- 


7 6 10 


Experience Trisket 


" 7 


do 


9 


do 


- 10- 


7 7-4 


Asa Holt 


" 7 


do 


do 


do 


-10- 


774 


John Burnap 


" 7 


do 


do 


do 


-10- 


7-- 7-- 4 


Jeremiah Trisket 


" 7 


do 


do 


do 


- 10- 


7 7-4 


Jeremiah Meacham 


" 8 


do 


89 


do 


-10 


7-6 -10 


John Lyman 


" 8 


do 


do 


do 


- 10. 


7 - 6-10 


Isaac Bridgman 


" 7 


do 


9 


do 


-10. 


7-- 7-- 4 


Luther Lincoln 


" 7 


do 


do 


do 


- 10- 


7. 7. 4 


Luther Wheatly 


" 8 


do 


89 


do 


- 10- 


7-6 -10 


Nathan Chaffe 


" 7 


do 


90 


do 


- 10 


7-7-4 


Samuel Bayley 


" 8 


do 


89 


do 


- 10 


-7-6 -i 


Silas Tinney 


" 7 


do 


9 


do 


- 10 


-7-7-4 


Thomas Hails 


11 7 


do 


9 


do 


- 10 


7-7-4 


Walter Peck 


" 8 


do 


89 


do 


- 10- 


, / / *T 

7 - 6-i 


David Wright 


Aug 1 6 


do 


46 


do 


" I 5 


3 - J 3 - 8 


Jonathan Wright 


do 


do 


do 


do 


" 15 


3 - J 3 - 8 


Nathaniel Burbe 


July 8 


do 


89 


do 


I - 10 


7- 6-i 



This is a true Roll 
Sworn to before the Committee 

Within roll 
Billeting &c 
Doctor's Bill 



David Woodward Capt 





249. 6. 

99 15 

2 7 



351-9-3 

Exeter Oct 24 th 1776 

Received of the Committee of Safety the above sum of Three hundred and 
fifty one pounds nine shillings and three pence by order on the Treas 1r . 

Copy exd J . Oilman David Woodward Capt 



68 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

{Meshech Weare to John Hancock. ~\ 
[Original in Dep't of State, Washington, D. C.] 

In Committee of Safety at Exeter July i6 th 1776 
Sir 

This moment the Committee were honour'd with the Receipt of 
your Letter of the 6 th Instant, Inclosing a Declaration, Seperating 
the United States of America from any connection with Great 
Britain, and for their being Independent States. It is with Pleasure 
I can assure you that notwithstanding a Very few months since, 
many persons in this colony were greatly averse to anything that 
looked like Independance of Great Britain, The Late Measures 
planned, and Executing against us, have so alter'd their opinions, 
that Such a Declaration was what they most Ardently wished for 
And I verily believe It will be Received with great satisfaction, 
Throughout the Colony. A very few Individuals excepted The 
fifteen hundred men of our Melitia Requested to Recruit the Army, 
in Canada, are mostly Raised One Company marched from Ports- 
mouth yesterday. More are coming forward and I believe most of 
them will march this week. 

No cloth fit for Tents could be procured in this Colony, and the 
men must remain destitute unless they can be Supplyed from the 
Southward 

That he who putteth down Potentates, & Setteth up States, may 
Guard and Protect the United States of America, Is the most fervent 
& sincere desire of - 

Your obedient Hum. Serv* 

Meshech Weare 

P. S. The general Court, and Committee of Safety Set at Exeter, 
where you will please to direct in future. This Express went 30 
miles out of his way by being directed to Portsmouth - 

Hon ble . John Hancock Esq 

[Endorsed] No. 8. 

Letter from the Committee of Safety of New Hampshire July 16, 
1776 read 25 expressing the happy effects of the Declaration of 
Independence. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 69 

[R. 5-60] 

[Lieut. Col. Connor to Col. Wingate, 1776.] 

Coll. Wingate S r . When I saw you at Exeter you Signify d to me 
you had appointed one Surgion for your Regiment and allow'd me a 
voice in the Nomination or Choice of another & maj r . Baker Came to 
my house Last Night on his way to No : four with Doc r Moores 
[Samuel Moore] with him in company a gen* I am well aquaint 
with, living in the same town where maj r Baker lives ; & S r it wo' d 
be very agreable to me & maj r Baker if the gen 1 , might have y r . appro- 
bation & appointment to the said office 

this from y r Humble Servants. 

Pembrook July 19^1776. Samuel Connor 

Moses Baker 
Dover July 2o th 1776 
This may certify thart I approve of above recommendation 

Joshua Wingate 



[R. 5-61] 

Diary of Travels of Tho* Miner & Ezckiel Wheeler on a Scout from 

the lower Cohoos round the highth Land West of Connecticut 

River to the Upper Coho* os by order & Direction of John 

Hurd Esq. viz*- 

[John Hurd, Jacob Bayley, and Charles Johnstone, were author- 
ized by the Committee of Safety to take charge of all scouting parties 
under pay of the colony. ED.] 



July 23 / Sett out from Haverhill over to Newbury thence steering 
about N. W. travelled on till we struck one of the branches 
of Well's River 

24. Continued the same course till we crossed two large 
Branches of the same River, when there came on a heavy 
thunder shower, & kept on raining till almost daylight 

25. Continued nearly the same course till we met with a small 
pond & then a large branch of the River supposed y e main 
branch of Well's River, when we kept on a West course till 
we again .found two other branches, and then taking y e N 
Branch continued our course until night 



I 

7O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

July 26. Then keeping on till about 9 o'clock came upon a large 
pond, travelled round to the West end when came on another 
severe thunder storm w ch held till middle of afternoon The 
storm abating we went on steering N. & passed severa 
small streams and Beaver Dams, followed up a large hill till 
night 

27. Continued a N, Course up a 'very steep Hill till about 
noon when we killed a Moose & while there climb'd a 
Tree to look out & see how the land bore discovered 
Mountains that lay along on Onion River, & on the West 
side of Lake Champlain, also the high lands called the Grand 
Monadnocks at the 3 d Coho'os This was the highest Land 
we traveled over affording a very extensive prospect I saw 
a large pond lying about N. West, w ch we steered for & came 
upon it about middle of afternoon travelled along on the East 
side of it, judging this pond to be about two miles in 
length, &w ch . empty'd in the N West then steering North 
till night over sunking Land & exceeding bad travelling 
Campt 

28. Kept on a N. Course, still over such sunken Land & bad 
travelling till we came to another Large Pond took a view on 
the S. & East side to make Discoverys if any marks of 
Indians till we came to the S. W. end, judged s d pond to be 3 
miles in length, & found it empty'd at y e S. E. & N. W. 
ends then steered again a North Course, pass'd over a 
very steep hill almost right up & down, on s d Hill we clim a 
Tree from whence we see three ponds I to y e W. I E. 
N. E. & i N. w ch we steered for & viewd all along said pond 
till we crossed between two which empty'd one into y e 
other other then steered N till night raining all night till 
some time y e forenoon of y e next day 

29. Continued to travel N & N W. till we came to a Large 
Sunken Stream, there we found some old Indian Encamp- 
ments the s d . stream run N. W. then came upon the most 
hideous Cedar Swamp ever seen the Trees being near 2 foot 
over about 3/4 mile kept on our Course up a Hill when it 
began to thunder & rain, & continued all night till the next 
morn'g - 

30. Then stea'd N. E. over good Land, the Streams running 
N. W. till we came to the New Market Road hit said 
Road just at the foot of a hill, where was a small Brook that 
some persons had campt all night kept on a N. E. Course 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. /I 

till we came upon an Indian Camp that lookt as if there had 
been sugaring several years coutinued our Course thro a 
Cedar Swamp & Came to a large pond in shape of a horse 
shee w ch . we judged to be 2 miles in length emptying in 
the N. W. & S. E. when it thundered & storm violently 
there also we saw y e marks of Indian hunting places & camps 

thence going on N. East till we came upon a large Hill 
where we killd a Dear when it came on to rain just after 
Dark, & so continued all night - 

31. Steerd N. E. again till we came to a large Stream running 
S. E. crossing many Cedar Swamps & small Streams running 
W. & N. W. till night - 

Aug. i. It rained till sometime this morning when we set out steer- 
ing E. N. E. till we came- to a high mountain, we saw the 
Grand Monadnoc Mountain w ch bore from us E. & by S the 
provisions then growing short we steered S. E. over good 
Land & came to a Large Stream running S. E. till night - 
we discovered no Indians in all this Travell - 

2. Steerd E. S. E. keeping our Course as straight as we 
cou'd the whole day towards night came upon a large 
Stream run'g S. crossed & kept on about a mile & then 
campt - 

3. This day we steerd E. S. E. again, found very bad travell- 
ing, being showery all day came to a Large Stream & there 
campt. 

4. Crossed this Stream run'g near'y S. & steerd E. S. E. still 
over Cedar Swamps, very bad travelling & exceeding rocky 
Land till we came to a Hill, where dim a Tree & discovered 
the Mountains on y e East side Con 1 River then about mid 
afternoon kept on our Course over a body of good Land 2 or 
3 hours till we came on to another Cedar Swamp & then 
ris' a considerable of a high Hill where clim a Tree & could 
see the cleard L d . at Esq r Page's went down said hill and 
campt 

5. This morning steerd S. E. & b. S. & came on to a Sam 1 
Nash's Settlem*. about 10 'Clock A. M. a good Land Fall 

In the Township of Lunenburg 
The above is a true Diary of our Travell 

Haverhill i/ th Aug 1 . 1776 Tho s Miner 



72 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-62] 

[Samuel Paine s Diary.~\ 

TV Diary of Travel on a Scouting party by order & Directions from 
John Hurd Esq r of Haverhill Cohoos 

[/ 1776 ) Received my Instructions from Col Hurd w th a Letter to 

July 15. \ the Commanding Officer at Crown point & went down 

Connect* River to Lebanon - miles 40 

17. Then set off with Eleaz r Aspinwall & travelled to 
Windsor - ab* 18 

1 8. Being rainy weather travelled to Cavendish - 12 

19. Continued our travel, tho rainy A. M. to Ludlow 19 

20. Continued our travel to Socialboro 20 

21 ) Continued travelling thro y e woods very bad blind 1 

22 \ Road to Ticonderoga j 

23 j Tarryed at the Fort at Ticonderoga awaiting orders 

24 J from General Gates who allowed us five days 
provisions to return on our Scout 

25. Proceeded to Crown point, made but little Tarry } 
there) showed our pass & went to Panton ) 

26. Took Boat & proceded down the Lake to Onion 
River, and calld upon Col. Waite for his advice, who 
advis'd us to go up y e River ab*. 10 
to avoid the large Bays, & then to steer Northerly till we hit 
the River Le Moel the main 

27. Branch near the mouth of it 

28. Kept travelling upon or near the River till we 

29. struck Col. Bayleys New Road when we 

30. kept on our travel till we got into the 

31. Town of Newbury & waited on Col Hurd and Col 
Bayley & reported we had met no Enemys thro' the whole of 
our Scout, neither Indians french nor Regulars 

LU g I Remained at Coho's to recruit after our Fatigues 

'' | Went dow River to Lebanon the place of my abode 

Paid charges on our Journey out & home i. 12. 
Also drew 5 days provisions, only, each of us, from y e public Stores 
The above is a true Diary Sam 1 Paine 

Also Carry d a Letter on public Service from Col. Hurd & Col. 
Bayley Committee, to Capt. Woodard, & went out from Lebanon to 
Royalston with s d . Letter 25 miles thence by desire of y e Com- 
mittee returned to Haverhill - 

[See Vol. VIII. p. 317.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 73 

[R. 5-63] 

[Petition for Arms and Ammunition^ 

Colony of N. Hampshire To the Hon ble the Committee of Safety 

for the Said Colony - 

Humbly Sheweth Jonathan Moulton Esq r . in behalf of the Inhab- 
itants of Moultonborough & Tamworth - - That said Inhabitants are 
almost Destitute of Arms and Ammunition for their Defence against 
the enemy, and as many other Towns in the like Circumstances have 
had grants of Powder and of Money to Purchase Firearms Lead & 
flints : He Humbly Prays & hopes your Hon rs will consider their 
Distressed State and Condition, and make them such grants as in 
your Wisdom & Prudence you shall see fit, and your Petitioner on 
their behalf Shall ever pray &c 

Exeter July 24 th 1776 Jon a Moulton 

In Moultonboro,' Soldiers 66. In Tamworth, Soldiers ab*. 40. 

Arms in order 27. Arms 7. 

D. out of order 6. Wanting - 33. 

Wanting 33. 

[The Committee of Safety directed the Receiver-General to pay 
Colonel Moulton ^35 for each town, to buy guns, and ,15 to buy 
50 pounds of powder, to be divided between the two towns. ED.] 



{Samuel Young s Receipt. Bedel Papers, p. 42.] 

Received of Col. Bedel five fire Arms at Montreal for the use of 
my Company in s d Col. Reg 1 . 42 / [42 shillings] each 

Ticonderoga 31 July 1776 pr Samuel Young Cap* 



{Receipts. Bedel Papers, p. 46.] 

State of New Hampshire, Haverhill (Cohoos) Decem. 24 th 1776 
We the Subscribers acknowledge to have received of Colonel Israel 
Morey (by the hand of Lieu*. Col. Charles Johnston) the sum of 
Three pounds for one Months advance wages to each of us as 
Soldiers in the Continental Army to serve from this date untill the 
first day of March next agreeable to our Inlistment 
Alexr Hodge Ephraim Wesson Job Moulton 

William Miner Samuel Lang T Ms 

Samuel Parker Hezekiah Fuller m *k 

Solomon Parker John Loverin Elisha Warner 



74 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-65] 

[Petition from the Gunner at Fort Washington.'] 

August I st . 17/6 A Petition to the General Cort at Exeter 
Gentlemen I hope you will take in to Consideration My Sittua- 
tion as I was the first that ever struck a stroke at Gunery in Ports- 
mouth and have Continued in it Ever Sence wich Is almost one year : 
as first Gunner of Fort Washington and further I have fixed ramors 
and Spunges for fort Sullivan as well as ours. Now Gentlemen I 
mean to acquaint you with my Sittuation I was a Low d a yeoman & 
one mate wich have Extreordinary pay but I reape no benefit by them 
for Euvations the Spring that they was Weath or to Work I have 
Rought by my Self and made allmost 700 wads for the Cannon, be- 
sides Repairing my Ramors and Spunges and in Ciping all in Order 
and now they are wanting the same to be done at Great Island 
wich I will do if you will be pleased to grant me my warrent and 
rank and pay wich is with the Second Liftennant and I Beg Gentle- 
men that I may have libberty in my warrent to Chuse men that is 
Sutable for my Bisness as many as you Chuse I should have if I have 
two Good men Might Possible Do but three would Do better to Do 
No other Duty Those that Cap 1 Salter Ordered to assist me has 
ben Cept on Strict Duty in the Gards wich could not be Expected 
they could Do me much Good in my busness I have had 2000 Mus- 
quit Cartrigess to make for the fort besides 700 or upwards for the 
Cannon and Dont Receive nothing better to drink than a Cup of 
Cold warter if you Honers pleases to Consider me I will fit Every- 
thing for the Guns that is for Great Isleand and Afterwords if it is 
your Desire Gentlemen I will Go along with them or where you 
please to send me and will Indeavdurto live up to my warrent as far 
as I can Possible Do and Stick by until the war is over Consider 
Gentlemen what is the bare sum of 5o/ [shillings] pr month for to 
Provide for a family and find me Close to Go Deasent in My Station 
So I Leave it To your Honers Goodness and Beg my warrent if I am a 
warrent Offeser So I Remain Your Very Humble Servant and for 
the Cause of my Country 

John Williams 

[He was in Captain Salter's company at Fort Washington. 
ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 75 

[R. 5-66] 

[Letter from President of Congress^ 

Philadelpha Sep*. 3 d . 1776' 

Gentlemen Our Enemise being determined to make a powerfull 
Attack on New York and the states adjoining thereto ; & having for 
this purpose collected their whole force from every part of the Con- 
tinent, it is incumbent on the united States of America to take the 
most effectual Measures to defeat this deep laid scheme against their 
Country -- The Congress have just receiv d information from General 
Washington, of the very great and superior strength of the Enemy 

And if we consider the recent change in the situation of our 
affairs at New York ; we shall soon be convinced that nothing will 
prove an adequate remedy in our present circumstances, but the most 
vigorous exertion on our part I am therefore, by order of the 
Congress, to request that you will immediately send all the aid in 
your power to our army at New York -- The state of our Affairs is so 
extremely critical that delay may be attended with fatal Conse- 
quences suffer me therefore to press you, in the Name & by the 
Authority of your Country to an immediate compliance, and with all 
the earnestness so naturally suggested by the Importance of the 
Cause. Alth I doubt not your own arder would be a sufficient 
stimulus, when called by the Voice of Liberty, yet my anxiety is so 
great, I cannot refrain, on the present occasion from beseeching you 
to exert yourselves Everything is at stake our Religion, our 
Liberty the Peace & Happiness of Posterity, are the grand objects 
in dispute, which that we may be able to procure & transmit to future 
Generations is the constant and uninterupted wish of 

Gentlemen Your most Obedient & very Humble Servant 

John Hancock President 
Copy To the Hon ble Assembly of New Hampshire 

[At a special convention of the Council and Assembly, Sept. I4th, 
it was voted to raise 1000 men to reenforce the army in New York. 

ED.] 



[R. 5-67] [Col. David Oilman s Letter.] 

Sept r y e 4 th . 1776 
Gentlemen of the Counsel and House of Representatives for the 

State of N. 'Hampshire 

Have to inform you that L*. andrew Martial of Cap 1 Daniels Com- 
pany of artillery is Dismissed this Day from the service for Disobe- 



/6 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

dience of orders I supose your Honours will think it best to fill up 
the Vacancy. If that should be the case, I would beg the leave to 
Recommend Cap* Gregory of Portsmouth to be a very good man by 
w"hat acquaintance I have had with him I have conversed with Capt*. 
Daniels and he appears to be well pleased with the man I should 
be glad your Honors will consult what Cannon is to be Put into the 
new foart as we have been Ready to mount a number for sum time 
but could not for want of Directions. I wait your Honours Com- 
mands which I shall Readyly Comply with. 

Your most obedient Humble Servant 

David Oilman 

[Superscribed] 

To The Honor ble . Meshech Weare Esq r . Presedent of the Counsel for 
the State of N. Hampshire Exeter 



[R. 5-69] 

[Petition of John House & Daniel Clap.] 

Colony of New Hampshire To the Hon ble the Council & house of 
Representatives in General Assembly convened Sept r io th A. D. 
1776 

The Humble Petition of John House & Dan 1 Clap, both of Han- 
over in the County of Grafton in said Colony Gentlemen Sheweth 
that your Petitioners on the first day of Sept r . last with one Capt. 
Israel Curtiss since dec d . understanding that the American Troops 
then in Canada were small, and that a reinforcement was much 
needed your Petitioners as first and second Lieut 5 , under the said 
Curtiss as Captain voluntarily engaged with thirty four other Men to 
make a Company & march immediately to reinforce said troops - 
That each of said Company did at his own charge furnish himself 
with Gun Blanket, Ammunition & ten days Provisions and that the 
officers of said Company of Volunteers found at their expence four 
Camp kettles for the use of the Company That your Petitioners & 
Company upon their arrival at the Camp, S*. Johns, were gladly 
received & ordered by General Montgomery to join Col. Bedles Regi- 
ment where they continued to do duty untill the i8th day of Novem- 
ber A. D. 1775 when they engaged to serve thro the Winter As 
your Petiti rs . and Company went into service of the Country when 
their assistance was much needed your Petitioners in behalf of s d 
Company pray that said Company may be paid for the articles so pro- 
vided by the Company, and the officers for said kettles and that 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. // 

your honors would consider each Volunteer in said Company as 
entitled to the same Bounty as was allowed to the other soldiers 
in Col. Bedles Regiment and your Pet rs as in Duty bound will 
ever pray &c 

John House 
Daniel Clap 

In the House of Representatives Sept r . 14 th 1776, The above Peti- 
tion being read & considered Voted that this house will not Grant 
the prayer thereof - 

Sent up for Concurrence P. White Speaker 



[R. 5-70] 

\P etition from the Frontier Towns, 1776.] 

State of New Hampshire To the Hon. The Council & House of 
Representatives of the State of New Hampshire - 
The Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants of the Severall Towns 
at & Near the Create Cohoss, Humbly Sheweth, That your Petitioners 
living remote from the Popolus Towns within this State & on the 
Frontire adjoining to that part of the Continent now in full possession 
of our Enemies, are greatly exposed to their Mersiless resentment & 
being apprehensive that the Indians may be employed to disturb us 
Petitiond your Honours & the House of Representatives, at their 
late Session * for a Company of Soldiers to be Quartered among us, 
which in your great goodness and attention to the Generall good of 
the State you complyd with, & the said Company is now Stationed 
among us, which tends greatly to quiet our apprehensions of Danger 
& render our Situation much safer than it wou'd otherwise be, there- 
by enabling us to Continue on our Farms & to cultivate the same for 
the support of ourselves & Families which otherwise would be 
reduced to want & wretchedness especially many of us who have no 
other way of Subsisting but by the produce of our Infant Settle- 
ments in this part of the Country 

But inasmuch as the appointment of said Company was for Three 
months only which time will expire sometime in the month of October, 
when we shall be left in the same defenceless State we were in before 
the said appointment. Your Petitioners Therefore Humbly Request 
that, your Honours The Council & the Hon ble . House would still Con- 
tinue to afford us that Protection that our peculiar Situation evidently 
requires - 

Northumberland September y e 16, 1776. 



See Vol. VIII. p. 172. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



James Blake 
Ward Bailey 
Caleb Marshall 
Emmons Stockwell 
Abner Osgood 
Josiah Blodgett 
Thomas Bloggett 
David Page 
Thomas Burnside 
John Sawyer 



Daniel Spaldin 
Jer h Eames 
Moses Page 
Eliezer Rosbrook 
David Learned 
Thomas Peverly 
John French 
John Smith 
Archippus Blogget 



Nathan Caswell 
Joseph Barlow 
James Curtiss 
Gideon Smith 
Samuel Page 
Benj a Sawyer 
David Page iur 
Edwards Bucknam 
Dill Sawyer 



[R- 5-7i] 

[Coos Committee. Instructions to Capt. BucknamJ] 

We the Subscribers being appointed a Committee By the Inhabi- 
tants of the Several Towns in the Great Coos viz Lancaster 
Northumberland Guildhall [ Vt] & Stratford to give instructions to 
Cap 1 Edwards Bucknam who being chose and appointed by the In- 
habitants of the Several Towns afores d to go down to the General 
Court for the State of New Hampshire Now seting att Exetor 
Therefore we Do Direct and advise the said Cap 1 Bucknam to Present 
the Petition to the General Cort that the inhabitants of these Towns 
have sent by the s d Cap 1 . Bucknam Praying that the Honorable Cort 
would Raise a Number of men and send up to this Coos for the Pro- 
tection of the Inhabitants Now on their Plantations in those Fronteer 
Towns we also Recommend the s d Cap 1 . Bucknam in Behalf of the 
inhabitants afores d . to the Honorable Cort for any office or Command 
of any Party of men that the Court in their Wisdom should see 
Proper to be Raised and sent for our Protection or for s d Cap 1 
Bucknam to Nominate any sutable Person or Persons in any of those 
Towns for a Commander of s d Party of men that may be Rais d 
Likewise a Commassary which may be likly to give Content and be 
Faithfull to the Collony, as some of those Preveledges may Prove 
incoragements to these Frunteer Settlements if any their be that is 
Thought fit for any such ofice and as the Commander of the 
Company Now stationed Hear & Comasary Have Not Conducted 
themselves agreable to the minds of the Inhabitants Nor for the 
Benefit of this State therefore it is Desired that the inhabitants 
may Not be impos'd upon by thes two Gentelmen any Longer than 
their first ingagements are Expired and although the Honorable 
Court Has seen fit to send for our Protection a Number of able 
Bodyed men who are Now stationed amongst us in order as we 
soposed to Build or Erect any fort or Breastwork or att least to Com- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 79 

pleat that fort we the inhabitants had Built, with storhouse and Bar- 
racks that we might have had some place of Refuge to flea to with 
our familys att any Suden Danger or Surprise But Notwithstand- 
ing all our Expectations & Hopes of Safty we are unhapily Disap- 
pointed for our fort stands just as Cap 1 Earns found it without the 
least alteration Except Age Thus we do desire you the s d Cap* 
Bucknam in the behalf of the inhabitants to inform the Honorable 
Court of our Setuation that we are Now in, and Prehaps they may 
think we shall Be in a much worse Condition if we are Driven into our 
Naked fort without anything to seport Nature or Cover our Heads 
which if there is No Better Managements than there is att Present 
No Dought Will Be the Case 

Theirfore we would advise you to Present these Lines to the Hon- 
orable Committee of Safety and also to wait on the Court for their 
Pleasure and Determination and to Receive such orders as they in 
their Wisdom shall Direct & make as Peedy Return as Posable 

Ward Bailey ) 
Benj a Sawyer > Committee 
James Curtiss ) 

Dated att fort Weare in Northumberland Sep* the 2 1 1 776 



[R. 5-72] \ColonelJohn Hurd to General Folsom.'] 

Col Hurd's Respects wait on General .Folsom & incloses with 
this a late Philad a paper with a plan of Governm* for the State of 
Pensylvania & some of the last advices from England Also Copy of 
General Washington's Letter to the Council of Massa. State w ch we 
were desirous of seeing at Exeter & Col Hurd thot. would be 
acceptable to the Committee of Safety to whom Gen 1 Folsom will 
please to communicate that & the News paper 

Cambridge 4 th Oct. 1776. 

[Addressed] To General Nath 1 Folsom Esq at Exeter, ^ favor 
M r Odlin. 



8o 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



[R. 5-73] 



\_MesJiech Weare to General Fo Is om.~\ 



Hampton Falls Oct r 13, 1776 

S r You will see by the Inclosed letter to the Secretary which I 
opened understanding it was on Publick business that Blank Com- 
missions are wanting which I believe we can furnish I suppose 
they are in the Closett where the Secretarys Papers are kept at Dea- 
con Brooks's and that you have or may find the key and let the 
Bearer have so many as you think may be Conveniently Spared 
taking his Recept 

From y r obe* Hum le Serv' 

M. Weare 
Hon ble Gen 1 Folsom at Exeter 



Col G Johnston s Muster Roll of Cap 1 Thomas Simpson s Company at 

Coos 1776 

A Muster roll of the Company belonging to Capt. Thomas Simp- 
son of Haverhill in the State of New Hampshire. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 

Thomas Simpson Capt. 
Joshua Hay ward Lieut. 
Thos. Simpson Jun. Ensign 



Andrew Simpson 
Luther Richardson 
Nehemiah Lovewell Jun. 
John Russell 



Ephraim Wesson Jun. 
Jonathan Hopkinson Jun. 
Daniel Fox 
William Belknap j u 



John Way 
Stephen Oilman 
Samuel Way 
Stephen Smith 
Joseph Griffin 
Morss Pearson 
Isaac Shepherd jun. 
Jonathan Presscut 



Nathaniel Rix Drummer 

William Abbott 
John Phillips 
James Eastman 
Peter Eastman 
Jon a Eastman 
Elisha Warner 
John Clark 
Jonathan Clark -f 



Minicus Griffin 
Benjamin Griffin 
Benjamin Mason 
Josiah Whitlesey 
Elisha Cleveland 
Elisha Lock Jun 
John Chace 
Robert Simpson 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



8l 



Benj a Shaw 
Oilman Clough 
Ebenezer Dame 
Philip Norback 
Richard Stalbird 
Timothy Haseltine 
James Wesson 



Aaron Wesson 
Peter Wesson 
Job Moulton 
Jon a Moulton 
Silas Wheeler X 
Alex r Hodge 
Abner Fowler 



Tim Stevens 
John Merrel 
Jon a Barron 
Jonathan Walker 
Phillip Grapes 



Haverhill 12 th Octob r 1776. 

These may certify that agreeable to orders rec d from the General 
Assembly of this State I have musterd the Company under Command 
of Captain Thomas Simpson as by the Roll on the other side being 
good and effective men except Jonathan Clark & Silas Wheeler. 

^ Charles Johnston 



82 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



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84 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

State of New Hampshire Exeter 12 Decem r . 1776 

The within muster and pay Roll of Capt. Thomas Simpsons Com- 
pany having been Carefully examined is found to be right cast the 
amount of wages due being one Hundred ninety nine pounds ten 
Shillings. In behalf of the Committee 

J. Hurd. 

An order was issued for the amount of the within pay Roll as 
appears by the Journals of Council 

Attest Joseph Pearson D. Sec?. 
Copy ex d Oilman 



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QO REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Exeter January 28 th 1777 

The Committee on Claims have examined this pay Roll and find it 
right cast The balance amounts to two hundred and one pounds 
seven shillings and two pence 

Josiah Oilman Jun r in behalf of Com tee 

Recieved an order on the Treasury for the balance of this Roll 
amounting to Two hundred and one pounds seven shillings and two 
pence 

Josiah Russell 

January 28 th 1777 

Then Josiah Russell made solemn oath to the truth and justice of 
this Roll to the best of his knowledge 

before E. Thompson Jus. Peace 

.[Captain Russell was a resident of Plainfield. He was appointed 
captain of the second company of rangers September 14, 1776. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



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REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 93 

Haverhill Oct r . 5, 1776. These- may certify that agreable to or- 
ders received from the general Assembly of this State I have mus- 
tered the Company under command of Capt Sam 1 Atkinson as by 
the Roll on the other side being good and effective men. 

^ Charles Johnston 

Exeter Decem r 10 1776. the within Muster Roll has been duly 
examined and found right cast, amounting to .325. 14. 5. 

J. Kurd for the Committee of Acc ts . 

In the House of Representatives Decem r 10, 1776 the within Roll 
was sworn to by Cap* Samuel Atkinson 

Attest N. Emery C 1 D R 

A Warrant was issued for the amount of the within pay Roll as 
appears by the Journals 

Attest Joseph Pearson D Sec?. 

47 Mens Bounty @ 3O/ 70. 10. o 

paid Capt Atkinson Sep r 10, 1776 by order on 

the Treasurer 70. 10. 

[Captain Atkinson was a resident of Boscawen. ED.] % 



94 

V- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



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REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



Expence for Men and Horses to Carry Baggage for said Regiment. 



Isaac Clark 

Samuel Whittemore 

Timothy Farrars 

William Stuart 

Paul Pritchard 

Peter Fletcher 

Joseph Wright 

Josiah Brown 

John Brooks 

Daniel Lake 8 Days fa) 3/ 

Solomon Cutler 

Jacob Gould 

Abel Stone 3 Days (a) 3. 

Oliver Heald 

Ephraim Adams 

Amos Emery 3 Days la) $/ 

John Cragen 3 Days (a) 3/ 

4 Horses 3 Days each fa) 4/ 

Joshua Todd 



himself and Horse. 


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do 


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do 


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do 


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12 


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12 


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This is a True Roll 



Thomas Heald Lieu* Col. 



Exeter March 28 th 1777. This Roll amounting to One Hundred 
& Sixty seven pounds three shillings and four pence is right Cast. 
Examin'd by the Committee on Claims 

Joseph Oilman 



Lieu* Col Thomas Heald 



In the House of Representatives 1 
March 29 th 1777 J 

made Oath to the Truth and Justice of the above Roll 

Attest : N. Emery C 1 D. R. 



[Colonel Enoch Hale resided in Rindge. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



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REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. IO/ 

Exeter April I st 1777. The Committee on Claims have examined 
this Roll and Account amounting to Four Hundred and Twelve 
Pounds Nine Shillings and Seven Pence and find them right Cast. 

Josiah Oilman Jr 

[Colonel Bellows was a resident of Walpole. ED.] 



5 





REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



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Ill 



Expense paid Expresses raising my Regiment also for. Pack. Horses 
carrying baggage viz : 



Samuel Chase Esq and Horse 2. Days (a) 7 / 
Samuel Chase Jr. and Horse i . Day 
Thomas Gates and Horse I. Day 
Thomas Wells and Horse 2. 
Lieut. William Dana, and Horse 3 
Jonathan Freeman and do 2 



Men and Horses to carry baggage 



Solomon Wellman 9. Days himself 9. Days. Horse 

Colonel Chase 12 

Moses Chase 9 

Solomon Chase 2. Horses 12. each 24. 

Thomas Gallop 9. Days himself 9. his Horse 

David Gitchel 9 9. 

Francis Smith 12. 

Lt. John Stevens 12 

Samuel Payne 12 

Thomas Ducker 10 (a) 3/ 3. Horses 10 each 30 fa) 



Oliver Griswold 3 

Stephen Bliss 3. 

Joshua Wells 3. 

Thomas Baxter 3 (a) 3/ 2. 
Joseph Hoit 4 
Abel Wilders' Man. 4 
Moses Whipple 3 



3 
3- 
3- 
Horses 3 each 6 fa) 

4 
4 
3 



Edmund Freeman 3 fa) 3/ 3 Horses 3 each 9 
Amount of wages &c 960! dols. 



fw 7 / 
4/ 
4/ 
4/ 

I 

4A 



7/ 



7/ 

I 



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7- - 

7 - 

14 - 

1. i. o 
14 - 



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1. 16. o 
4. 16. o 
3- 3 

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2. 8. o 
2. 8. - 
2. 8 - 
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240. 6. o 



288. 4. o 



This is a true Roll. Jonathan Chase Colo. 



Jan. 29, 1777 This Roll amounting to Two Hundred and Eighty 
Eight Pounds four Shillings is right Cast 

Examined ^ the Committee on Claims 

Joseph. Oilman 

State"of New Hampshire Jan. 2Q th , 1777 

Then Colo. Jonothan Chase above named, made Solemn Oath To 
the Truth and Justice of the foregoing Roll by him Subscribed 

Before E. Thompson Justice Peace 



112 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

State of New Hampshire Jan. 2Q th 1777 

Recieved an Order on the Reciever General for the Sum of Two 
Hundred and Eighty eight Pounds four Shillings in full for the 
above Roll and hereby in behalf of myself the Officers and Soldiers 
therein mentiond discharge said State upon Account thereof 

"$ Jonathan Chase 
288. 4. o 

A true copy attest 1 ". Josiah Oilman Jr. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 113 

Pay Roll of Capt Jeremiah Eames' Company of Rangers from the 
14 th day of October to the I st day of December 1776. 

Headquarters Upper Coos. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 



NAMES 


Rank 


Time in Service 


Rate pr Mo 


Amount of Wages 






Mo. day 






Jeremiah Eames 


Capt 


I 17 


6.- 


9. 8. o 


Ward Bailey 


Lieutenant 


I - 17 


4. o. o. 


6. 5. 4 


Thomas Burnside 


Sergt 


I - 17 


2. 8. 0. 


3. 15. 2 


James Blake 


ditto 


do 


2. 8. 


3- I 5- 2 


Nathan Caswell 


Private 


do 


2-0. 0. 


3- 2 -8 


Nathan Barlow 




do 


ditto 


3. 2. 8 


Abner Barlow 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


James Brown 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


Gideon Smith 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


John French 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


Eleazer Rosebrook 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


James Burnside 




d6 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


Benjamin Sawyer 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


Dill Sawyer 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


John Trickee 
Jeremiah Eames, Jim r 
William Amy 




do 
do 
do 


ditto 
ditto 
ditto 


3- 2. 8 
3- 2. 8 
3- 2. 8 


Moses Page 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


Samuel Page 




do 


ditto 


3. 2. 8 


Samuel Nash 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


George Wheeler 




do 


ditto 


3* 2. 8 


Jonathan Willard 




do 


ditto 


3. 2. 8 


Zebulun Colby 




do 


ditto 


3. 2. 8 


Thomas Blodget 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


Josiah Blodget 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 


John Gibson 




do 


ditto 


3- 2. 8 










/Q2 - 2 - A 



This is a True Roll. 



Jeremiah Eames 



Exeter, January 3 d 1777 This Roll amounting to Ninety two 
pounds Two shillings and four pence is right Cast 

Exam d by the Committee of Claims Joseph Gillman 

In the House of Representatives Jan^ 3 d 1777. The above Roll 
was sworn to by Jeremiah Eames. 

Attest, N. Emery Cl. D. R. 

A Warrant was issued for the amount of the above, Pay Roll 
appears by the Journals of Council 

Attest Joseph Pearson, D. Sec?. 



114 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



[Colonel Bedel's Regiment in part.] 

Pay Roll of Capt. Samuel Young s Company in a Regt. of Volun- 
teers raised by order of Congress for an Expedition ag^ Can- 
ada whereof Tim? Bedel Esq. is Colonel. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 



NAMES AND RANKS. 


Commencement 
of Pay 


Time 
of service 


Pay p 
month 


Amount of Wage 






mo 


days dollars 





s. 


D. 


Samuel Young Capt. 


15 th Dec. 1777 


3 


17 


80 


85 


12 




George Moore I st Lieut. 


" Do 


3 


17 


54 


57 


15 


7; 


Elisha Powell 2 nd Lieut 


Do 


3 


17 


54 


57 


15 


7- 


Moses Chamberlain Sergeant Major 


1 2 th Feb. 1778 


i 


18 


16 - 


8 


12 


7 J 


Daniel Mills Do 


23 ld Jany. 


2 


8 


16 - 


10 


17 


7 


John Stark Do 


6 th Feby. 


I 


24 


16 - 


8 


12 


9 


Nathaniel Price Do 


i I th Feby. 


I 


ig 


16 - 


7 


17 





Isaac Stevens Corpl. 


9 th Do 


I 


21 


i4f 


7 


9 


7 


Caleb Young Do 


25 th Jany. 


2 


6 


I 4 9 


T 3 


7.3 


Peter Thatcher J r Do 


9 th Feby. 


I 


21 


14! 7 


9 


7^ 


Jacob Schoof Do 


9 th Do 


I 


21 


J 4f 7 


9 


7i 


John Brown Drummer 


12 th DO 


I 


18 


14- 7 





91 


Levi Andross Private 


2o th Jan y . 


2 


2 


131 8 


5 


4 


Thomas Brock Do J2Q Do 


2 


2 


T 3s 8 


5 


4 


Timothy Bayley Do 


27 Feby. 


I 


3 


131 4 


8 





James Bell Do 


17 Do 


I 


13 


13^ 5 


14 


8 


Sebe Beebe Do 


17 Do 


I 


13 


J 3i 5 


14 


8 


John Clarke Do 


29 Jany. 


2 


2 




8 


5 


4 


Edward Clarke Do 


25 th Jany. 


2 


6 


I 3 1 


8 


16 


o 


Jonathan Clarke Do 


27 th Feby. 


I 


3 


131 


4 


8 





* Clarke Jr Do 


27 th Do 


I 




J 3i 


4 


8 







Nathaniel Darby Do 


2^ rd Jany. 


2 


8 


131 


9 


i 


4 


John Dawson Do 27 th Feby. 


I 


3 


I 3 1 


4 


8 





Obadiah Eastman Do 28 th Do 


I 


2 


J 3i 


4 


5 


4 


Peter Eastman Do 2 8 th Do 


I 


2 


I3 1 


4 


5 


4 


Josiah Elkins Do 


9 th Feby. 


I 


21 


j^! 


6 


16 





Jonathan Eastman Do 


27 th DO 


I 


3 


13! 


4 


8 





James Eastman Do 25 th Do 


I 


5 


: 3i 


4 


J 3 


4 


Nathan Fellows Do 17 th Do 


I 






5 


14 


8 


Samuel Fellows Do | 2 ^ rd Do 


I 


7 


13^: 


4 


18 


8 


Samuel Galusha Do 


7 th Do 


I 


2 3 




7 


i 


4 


David Greenleafe Do 


28 th Febv. 


I 


2 


131 


4 


5 


4 


Samuel Gilman - Do 2 6 th Do" 


I 


4 


13! 


4 


10 


8 


Oliver Hand - Do 2 6 th Tany 


2 


5 




8 


r 3 


4 


James Heath Do 


13 th Feby. 


j 


17 


j^JL 


6 


5 


4 


Joseph Haynes Do 
Abel Jennings Do 


25 th Do 
1 6 th Do 


I 
I 


5 
14 


13! 


i 
5 


13 
17 


4 
4 


Jacob Kent Do 


25 Do 


I 


5 


i^ 1 


4 


J 3 


4 


Jacob Laconsto (?) Do 


J 

14 Do 


I 


16 


j^f 


6 


2 


8 


Peter Lurvey (?) Do 


22 nd Jany. 


2 




j^l 


9 


4 





John Lovering Do 


23 rd Do 


2 


g 


13! 




i 


4 


Jesse M c Farland Do 


O 

2 9 th Do 


2 


2 




8 


5 


4 



* Name torn off. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



NAMES AND RANKS 


Commencement 
of Pay 


Time 
of service 


Pay p 
month 


Amount of Wages 






mo 


days 


Dollars 





s. 


D. 


Andrew McAllister Private 


2Q th Jany. 


2 


2 


13* 


8 


5 


4 


John Merrell Do 


26 th Feby. 




4 


J 3i 


4 


10 


8 


Thos. M c Connall Do 


26 th Do 




4 


J 3i 


4 


10 


8 


William Martin Do 


25 th Do 




5 


3* 


4 


13 


4 


Ebenezer Olmstead Do 


1 6* Do 




H 


T 3i 


5 


17 


4 


Benjamin Patterson Do 


29 th Jan^. 




2 


J 3i 


8 


5 


4 


Josiah Pratt Do 


28 th Febry. 




2 


i3l 


4 


5 


4 


Daniel Parker Do 


9 th Do 




21 


13* 


6 


16 


o 


John Phillips Do 


I st March 




I 


13* 


4 


2 


8 


Simeon Root Do 


6 th Febv. 




24 


13* 


7 


4 





Solomon Root Do 


ii th Do 




19 


'3* 


6 


10 


8 


John Rich Do 


9* Do 




21 


3* 


6 


16 


o 


Avery Sanders Do 


28 th Jany. 




3 


13* 


8 


8 





Alex r Shields Do 


25 th Feby. 




5 


131 


4 


13 


4 


Joshua Sanders Do 


25 th Jany. 




5 


131 


4 


13 


4 


Elisha Warner Do 


28 th Do 




2 


J 3i 


4 


5 


4 


David Witcher Do 


12 th DO 




18 


J 3i 


6 


8 





John Way Jim r Do 


23 rd Do 




7 


13* 


4 


18 


8 


David Weeks Do 


25 th Do 




5 


13* 


4 


13 


4 


David Young Do 


25 th Jan^. 


2 


6 


131 


8 


16 


c 








Lawful money 


^58o 9 3! 



Discharged March 31, 1778. 



Samuel Young, Captain 



[Rolls of two more of Captain Bedel's companies may be found 
in Vol. XVI. page 927. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



Pay Roll of Capt. Nehemiah Loveweil's Company in a Reg- of Vol- 
unteers Raised by order of Congress for an Expedition against 
Canada where of Timy Bedel Esq. is Col. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 



NAMES & RANKS 


Commencement 
of Pay 


Time 
of service 


Pay p 
month 


Amount of Pay 










$ 





s. 


p. 


Nehemiah Lovewell Capt. 


Dec 1 5 th 1777 


3 


17 


80 


85 


12 




Benjamin Sawyer I st Lieut. 


15 Dec. Do. 


3 


17 


54 


57 


15 


7i 


James Ladd 2 nd Lieut 


15 th Do 


3 


17 


54 


57 


15 


7i 


Samuel Eatton Sergeant 


26 th Jany 1778 


2 


5 


16- 


10 


8 


01 


Moses Barns Do 


9 th Feby 


I 


21 


16- 


8 


3 


2f 


Henry Lovewell Do 


22 nd Jany 


2 


9 


16- 


10 


18 


9t 


Enos Sawyer Do 


23 rd Do 


2 


8 


16- 


10 


17 


7i 


Samuel Webster Corpl. 


2 nd Feby. 


I 


28 


H-f 


8 


10 


if 


Timothy Olmstead Do 


23 rd Jany. 


2 


8 


HI 


9 


19 


5f 


Abel Davies Do 


23 Do 


2 


8 


I4| 


9 


J 9 


5f 


Jon n Hopkinson Do 


14 th Feby. 


I 


16 


Hf 


6 


14 


ni 


Jonathan Lovewell Drum r 


26 th Jany 


2 


5 


J 4| 


9 


10 


8 


John Acen Jun r Private 


io th Feby. 


I 


20 


*3* 


6 


13 


4 


John Armon Do 


17 th Feby. 


I 


13 


13* 


5 


H 


8 


John Bucknal Do 


3 rd Do 


I 


2 9 


!3i 


7 


17 


4] 


John Barnatt Do 


13 th Do 


I 


17 


T 3i 


6 


5 


4 


Richard Chamberlin Do 


2 nd DO 


I 


28 


J 3i 


7 


14 


8 


Icobud Collings Do 


1 6 th Do 


I 


H 


*3f 




17 


4 


Elisha Cleavland Do 


30 th Jany 


2 


I 


T 3i 


g 


2 


8 


John Clark Do 


19 th Feby. 


I 


II 


I 3\- 


5 


9 


4 


Abel Davis Jun r Do 


23 rd Jan'y. 


2 


8 


1 3\ 


9 


i 


4 


John Evens Do 


I st Feby. 


I 


29 


13^ 


7 


7 


4 


Jonathan Farewell Do 


26 th Jan. 


2 


5 13* 


8 


13 


4 


Ezra Gates Do 


9 th Feb. 


I 


21 13^ 


6 


16 o 


George Gregg Do 


23 rd Jan. 


2 


8 


13* 


9 


1 4 


Abraham Gile Do 


26 th Feb. 


I 


4 


I3l 


4 


10 8 


Aaron Hosmir Do 


26 th Jan. 


2 


5 


I3i 


8 


I 3 


4 


Jesse Heath Do 


30 th January 


2 


i 


J 3i 


8 


2 


8 


Timothy Hasseltine Do 


25 th Feb. 


I 


2 


*3l 


4 


5 


4 


Daniel Hunt 


20 th do 


I 


IO 


13* 


5 


Q 


8 


Zebulon Hunt 


3 rd do 


I 


27 


J 3i 


7 


12 


o 


David Hopkinson 


26* do 


I 


4 


!3i 


4 


10 


8 


Zaccheas Lovewell 


26 th Jan. 


2 


5 


I3i 


8 


13 


4 


W m Lock 


3i st do 


2 





13$ 


8 


O 


o 


Elisha Lock 


5* Feb. 


I 


2 5 


J 3l 


7 


6 


5 


David Learnard 


14 th do 


I 


16 


13* 


6 


2 


8 


Abijah Learned 


1 6 th do 


I 


H 


I3l 


5 


17 


4 


Hugh Miller 


26 th Jan. 


2 


5 


i3i 


8 


13 


4 


Jonath n Moulton 


i8i Feb. 


I 


12 


I3l 


5 


12 


o 


David Nevens Jun r 


9 th do 


I 


21 


13* 


6 


16 





Sam 1 Nash 


14 th Feb. 


I 


16 


13* 


6 


2 


8 


Israel Olmstead 


15 th do 


I 


15 


I3i 


6 





o 


Moses Pike 


30 th Jan. 


2 


I 


I3l 


8 


2 


8 


Richard Pillsbury 


29 th do 


2 


2 


ill 


8 


5 


4 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



117 



NAMES & RANKS. 


Commencement 
of Pay 


Time 
of service 


Pay p 
month 


Amount of Pay 










$ 





s 


P 


Moses Page Private 


26 th Feb. 


I 


4 






4 


10 


8 


Nehemiah Snow 


9 th do 


I 


21 


*3i 




6 


16 





John Sawyer 


12 th do 


I 


18 


J 3i 




6 


8 





Timy Stevens 


14 th do 


I 


16 


*3i 




6 


2 


8 


Moses Sleeper 


26* Jan. 


2 


5 






8 


13 


4 


James Treminick 


i3 th Feb 


I 


17 


131 


6 


5 


4 


George Wheeler 


14 th do 


I 


16 


13^ 


6 


2 


8 


Isaiah Whittom 


26 th do 


I 


4 


13* 


4 


10 


8 


Haynes French 


1 6 th do 


I 


14 


13* 


5 


17 


4 








Lawful money 


.565 ii si 



This Company was discharged March 31, 1778. 

Nehemiah Lovewell Capt. 



n8 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



Pay Roll of Captain Davenport Phelps s Company in a Regiment 
of Volunteers designed for an Expedition into Canada whereof 
Timothy Bedel Esq is Colonel until the last day of March 1778. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 





NAMES AND RANK 


Commencement 
of Pay 


Time or 
Service 


Month 


Amount of Pay 


No 






Mo. 


days 


Dollars 


S. P. 


I 


Davenport Phelps Captain 


Dec. 15 


3 


17 


" 80 " 


85. 12. 


2 
T. 


Ephraim Morey I st Lieut 
Ezra Moor 2 nd Lieut 


do do 
do do 


3 
3- 


17 
17 


" 54" 


57- 15- 7i 
57- 15. 7-k 


o 

A 


Thomas Waitt Sergeant 


Feb. 20 


i. 


10 


^ 


6. 8. o 


T 1 

5 


John Woodworth do 


do I st 


i. 


29 


do 


9- 8 9 | 


6 


Ephraim Skinner do 


Jan. 27 


2. 


4 


do 


10. 4. 9$ 


7 


Solomon Strong do 


do do 


2 


4 


do 


10. 4. 9| 


8 


2114 Abel Sawyer Corporal 


Feb. 9 


I. 


21. 


I4f 


7- 9- 9f 




John Marston do 


do do 


I. 


21 


do 


7- 9- 9f 


10 


Ezekiel Hawley do 


Feb. 21 


I. 


9 


do 


5. 14. 4.| 


ii 


Simon Gillet do 


Jan. 27 


2 


4 


do 


9- 7- 8f 


12 


William Wigin Fifer 


Feb. 26 


I. 


4 


do 


4- 19- 8 


13 


Thomas Devine Private 


Jan. 27 


2 


4 


I3i 


8. 10. 8 


14 


Joseph Keyes do 


do do 


2. 


4 


do 


8. 10. 8 


1C 


Charles Chamberlain do 


Feb. 12 


I. 


18 


do 


6. 8. o 


16 


Amasa Chamberlain do 


do 27 


I. 


3 


do 


4. 8. o 


17 


Alpheus Phillips do 


do 7 


I 


23 


do 


7. i. 4 


18 


Ichabod. Palmer do 


do 12 


I. 


18 


do 


6. 6. o 


IQ 


Israel Morey Jun r . do 


do 9. 


I. 


20 


do 


6. 16. 4 


X 

20 


John Sawyer do 


Mar. 2. 


I. 


- 


do 


4. o. 9 


21 


Aaron Post. do 


Feb. 9. 


I. 


21 


do 


6. 16. 4 


22 


Simeon Darbe do 


do 12 


I. 


18 


do 


6. 8. o 


23 


Guy Clark. do 


do 27 


I. 


3- 


do 


4. 8. o 


24 


John Bell do 


Mar. 6. 


O. 


26 


do 


3- 9- 4 


2? 


Samuel Bell do 


do 3 


o. 


29 


do 


3- 17- 4 


26 


Andrew. Bell do 


Jan. 28 


2 


3. 




8. 8. o 


27 


Zenas Case do 


Feb. 23 


I. 


7- 


do 


4- 18. 8 


28 


Theodoras Woodwarddo 


do 9. 


I. 


21 


do 


6. 16. o 


20 


James Wesson do 


do do 


I. 


21 


do 


6. 16. o 


-7 

^o 


William Abbott do 


do do 


I. 


21 


do 


6. 16. o 


J 
21 


Aaron Wesson do 


do do 


I. 


21 


do 


6. 16. o 


J 

^2 


Elisha Woodworth do 


do do 


I. 


21 


do 


6. 16. o 


3 

23 


William Moor Jr. do 


Jan. 27 


2. 


4 


do 


8. 10. 8 


34 


John Kingsley do 


Feb. 21. 


I. 


9 


do 


5. 4. o 


35 


Peruda Stevens do 


do do 


I. 


9- 


do 


5- 4- o 


36 


Briant Brown do 


do 28 


I. 


2 


do 


4-54 


37 


John Squier do 


Feb. 28 


I. 


2 


13* 


4- 5- 4 


38 


Luther Hillard do 


Mar. 2 


I. 


30 


do 


4. o. o 


39 


Alexander Phelps do 


Feb. 10 


I. 


20. 


do 


6. 13. 4. 


4 


Aaron Putney do 


do 24 


I. 


6 


do 


4. 16. o 


4 1 


Amos Palmer do 


do 26 


I. 


4 


do 


4. 10. o. 


42 


Jonathan Rich do 


do 12 


I. 


i. 


do 


6. 8. o 


43 


Judah Benjamin do 


do 20 


I. 


10 


do 


5. 6. o 


44 


Francis Fenton do 


Mar. 2. 


0. 


30- 


do 


4. o. o 















457- i. 6f 



Certified Pr Davenport Phelps, Cap 4 . 



Discharged March 31, 1778. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



*** Sa 

t! 



b/D 



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txoo ON O *-< N <O ^J- >-nvO t^oo ON O -" 



120 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 





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REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 121 

[R. 5-75] 

[Committee of Safety to President of Congress.} 

State of New Hamp r . In Committee of Safety Novem r 23 d 1776- 

Sir The Inclosed copy of a vote nominating three Persons to 
the Honorable Congress for their approbation to be commissionated 
as Field officers for the Batallion ordered to be raised in New Hamp- 
shire for the Continental Service, thro' hurry of Business, and mis- 
take has been omitted to be Transmitted to Congress until now 
altho' about four Hundred of the Regiment has been raised & on 
Duty Two Months They are now ordered by Gen 1 Ward to Ticon- 
deroga, & therefore it becomes necessary the Regiment should be 
commissionated 

[Indorsed "Copy to Pres. Hancock."] 

[Records of Committee of Safety for that day state : "Wrote to 
the Continental Congress to Commission Col s Long & Mooney, & 
Maj. Hodgdon."] 

[R. 5-76] 

[Petition relative to Fixed Prices for Goods, Nov. 26, 1776.] 

State of the Massachusetts Bay To the Honorable Council and 
House of Representatives of the State of New Hampshire in General 
Court assembled, and held at Exeter within & for said State of New 
Hampshire 

The Petition of a Convention of the Committees, or Agents of the 
several Towns of Billerica, Chelmsford, Andover, Dracutt, Dunstable, 
Tewksbury, Westford, Haverhill, and Methuen, in the State of the 
Massachusetts Bay : also of the Committees or Agents of the several 
Towns or Districts of Londonderry, Hampstead, Plaistow, Atkinson, 
Pelham, Dunstable, Merrimack, Bedford, Derryfield, Goffstown, 
Hollis, Mason, Raby, New Ipswich, Peterborough, Wilton, Lynds- 
borough, and Nottingham West, in the State of New Hampshire 
aforesaid ; and also of M r Edward Jewett Agent in behalf (of a Con- 
vention of the Committees) of the several Towns of Rindge, Morris- 
town, Bath, Landaff, Haverhill, Piermont, Hanover, Lebanon, Plain- 
field, Jaffrey, Cardigan, Canaan, Enfield, Cockermouth, Orford & Lyme, 
in the State of New Hampshire aforesaid, held at the House of Maj r 
Joseph Varnum in Dracutt aforesaid November the 26 th A. D. 1776 
Humbly sheweth That notwithstanding the Association and 
sundry other Resolves & Recommendations of the Honorable Conti- 
nental american Congress by the Letter & spirit of which, and their 



122 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Proceedings in General, we apprehend they intended, that no unrea- 
sonable advantage should be taken in the Purchase or sale, either of 
foreign Commodities, the Produce of our Farms, or our own Manu- 
factures, but that all should be sold upon reasonable Terms. And 
by their said Association did agree, and expressly determine that 
such as are Venders of Goods & Merchandize should sell at the rates 
they had been respectively accustomed to do, for twelve Months then 
last past. Many Persons in the States aforesaid, altogether disre- 

farding the said proceedings of Congress & the weal of these united 
tates, from mercenary, or worse views, have augmented the Price of, 
by far the greater Part of the Necessaries of life to an enormous 
Degree, many Articles of which are more than double the usual 
Prices, they were respectively sold for, before the Commencement of 
the present unhappy war. That some persons have been so lost to 
all virtue and Love of their Country, as to engross the most neces- 
sary, and salable Articles, purchasing them at retail Price, and imme- 
diately advancing, upon that retail Price, at least Cent pr Cent, 
thereby endeavoring to depreciate the value of our Paper Currency. 
That the Soldier and others not concerned in this unrighteous Com- 
merce, are groaning under their Burdens, & we fear cannot endure 
them much longer. That great Discontent, and uneasiness is already 
prevailing in many Parts of these states, on account of these detest- 
able Practices. That we are greatly alarmed lest Tumults, Disorders 
and even a Disunion & backwardness in, or a defection from the 
common cause of America will appear in many Places, and great 
Difficulties arise, in recruiting and supporting the american Army 
(upon the success of which under God we look for political salvation) 
unless some Method can be found out, and speedily applied, to 
relieve the oppressed & remidy those evils, the fatal consequences of 
which, are too numerous to be inserted, & too obvious to need men- 
tioning. But not to trouble this Honorable Court with a long Detail 
of our Grievances, and the probable Consequences of Continuence, 
which must be founded upon Facts so notorious, that the observation 
and experience of each Day, would make it needless to mention. 
Wherefore your Petitioners humbly pray this Honorable Court to 
take the Premises under Consideration, and to enact such Laws, and 
make such Provision, Regulations, as in their operation, may speedily 
& effectually, remidy the evils of which we so justly complain, or 
otherwise releive the Petitioners and others as in your wisdom and 
Prudence it shall seem Good. And the Petitioners as in duty bound 
shall ever pray. 

Signed by order & in behalf of y e Convention 

^ John Bodwell Chairman 
Attest Nath 1 Peabody Clerk 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 123 

[The following is recorded on the back of the foregoing document, 
in the handwriting of George King. ED.] 

Pursuant to the within vote the Committee of both Houses having 
met beg leave to report it as their Opinion that a Committee be ap- 
pointed forthwith to repair to the Massachusetts State & there con- 
sult with the Committee there appointed to bring in a Bill for the 
purpose within mentioned & that they make it their Business so to 
conduct matters that a general regulation may take place which may 
be suitable to the Circumstances of the four New Engl d States, & 
that the Com ee sent from hence be impowered to bring in a Bill as 
soon as may be. 



{Instructions to Committee Sent to Providence, R. /.] 

Exeter December 2O th 1776 
To Major General Nathaniel Folsom, The Hon ble Josiah Bartlett 

Esq r & Colonel Supply Clapp. 

Gent n . The Council and Assembly of this State having been 
made acquainted, by Letters from Governor Cook of the State of 
Rhode Island that a considerable number of the Enemy are landed 
there, & requesting that a Committee may be sent from this State in 
conjunction with their Council of War to confer upon the expediency 
of raising an Army for their immediate defence, & in general to con- 
sult upon every Measure, necessary to be taken for the support of 
the common Cause. - 

The Council & Assembly of this State have appointed you Gentle- 
men for this purpose, & are desirous you will immediately tse off to 
Providence in order to effect it. 

It is impossible for us at this distance, & from the little knowledge 
we have of the Situation of affairs at Rhode Island, to give you par- 
ticular Instructions, relative to your conduct In General, however, 
we would recommend that should it be found necessary, to raise 
an Army there, you do everything in your power to have the Soldiers 
inlisted for one year, unless sooner discharged by the Hon ble Conti- 
nental Congress, & that after their entrance into the Service they be 
under the direction of the Hon ble Continental Congress, to be by 
them removed to any other State for its defence & and as that 
Honourable Body have apportioned the number of Men, which each 
State is to contribute for the common defence, we are content for 
the present that you give your consent, that the number of Men sent 
from hence, be to those of the other states as they have settled it. 



124 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

In the House of Representative Dec r 2O th 1776 
Voted That the foregoing Instructions be given to the Committee 
above named as the Instructions of this house Sent up for Con- 
currence 

John Langdon Speaker 

In Council Eodem Die read & Concurred, 

E. Thompson, Scy 

[See Vol. VIII. pp. 431, 432, 434. Said committees met on the 
twenty-fifth day of December, 1776, at Providence, R. L, and ad- 
journed on the second day of January, 1777. A manuscript journal 
of the proceedings is in the collection of the N. H. Historical Society. 
The members present, in addition to the foregoing named, were : 
Hon. Thomas Cushing, Hon. Tristram Dalton, and Azor Orne, Esq., 
of Massachusetts ; Hon. Eliphalet t)yer, Hon. Richard Law, Titus 
Hosmer, and Nathaniel Wales, Jr., Esqs., of Connecticut ; Hon. 
Stephen Hopkins, Hon. William Bradford, and Henry Ward, Esq., of 
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. ED.] 



[R. 5-78] [Soldiers' Petition.] 

The State of New Hamp r . The Petition of us the subscribers 
humbly sheweth That we Voluntarily Inlisted as Soldiers in 
Sends of the United States in Jenevery 1776 for one year and Re- 
ceived no Bounty That we ware Cauled to Serve in the Northern 
Army and from that to the Jerseys That the Hardships of the 
Campaign and sometimes not supply d with our proper Rations we 
ware obliged to spend so great A part of our wages for the Neces- 
saryes of Life that we have little or nothing left for our years Servis 
Therefore your Petitioners humbly Pray that your Honours would 
take into Consideration the Hardships we have Labured under : and 
make us such firther allowence as you in your Wisdom shall think 
Proper And your Petitioners as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

Benjamin Taylor Richard Adams Enoch Jewett 

Ichabod Lovewell William Powell William Harris 

Isac Pike Joseph Honey David Marsh 

Joseph Pike William Gilson John Marshall 

John Harwood Joel Stewart 

David Adams Simeon Butterfield 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 125 

[R, 5-80] [Prize Skip Prince George.} 

Sales of Sundry Stores Rigging &c. belonging to the Ship Prince 
George sold at Public Auction by Virtue of a Warrent from the Judge 
of the Court Maritime of the State of new Hampshire - 

[Items omitted amounting to] 2 75> l6 - ST 

Charges viz 4 [Items omitted] 19. 18. 10 



Net sum p d y e Judge [Joshua Brackett] ^255. 17. 5f 

Portsmouth Novemb r 2O th 1 776 Errors Excepted 

^ Jn Parker 

N. B. Col Long deliv d two Cables to Cap 1 Turner Si others 
which are not accounted for 

N. B : The prize ship Prince George, was put into the hands of 
George King Esq r , [Oct. 10, 1775] who disposed of her Cargo accord- 
ing to the directions of the Committee of Safety ; and had the 
charge & care of the sails rigging &c the State of New Hampshire 
had the vessel & appurtenances valued at six hundred pounds 
Lawf 1 Money & took her to their own use the Hull was sunk in 
crooked lane river, to prevent the enemy's ships getting up that way 
^ order of the Committee of Safety or General Sullivan or both 
what became of the sails [and] some other parts of the rigging I never 
knew ; but think I have heard that the state had applyed some to the 
use of the Powder vessels last winter, & that the Continental Agent 
had some for the use of the Continent what became of them 
remains to be inquired after Cap* Ladd & others informed me that 
two Cables remained with what Rigg g was found, when I gave the 
precept to the sheriff but I am since informed they were sold ^ 
the state to the owners of the M c Clary Privateer 

Joshua Brackett 



[R. 5-81] 

The State of New Hampshire To Jon a M. Sewall Dr. 1776 
Aug 1 . To my Fees in Libelling and prosecuting the Ship Prince 
George her Cargo &c in the Maritime Court 9. o. o. 

Greenland April 1777 

Errors Excepted Jon a M. Sewall 

[Bill for the same amount for the " Bochacheco."] 



126 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-82] 

State of New Hampshire Jan'y 23 d 1777. I the subscriber ac- 
knowledge to have received from the Committee of Safety as said 
State an order on Nicholas Oilman Esq r Receiv r Gen 1 for one hun- 
dred pounds also an order from s d Committee on Joshua Bracket 
Esq. Judge of the Court Maritime for two hundred & fifty five pounds 
seventeen shillings five pence & three farthings, said Judge first de- 
ducting his fees on the Condemnation of the ship prince George 
which sums when received by me I promise to divide & pay equally 
to the seventy one Claimants of the Quarter part of the ship & 
cargo Prince George as settled by the afores d Judge Maritime 

Titus Salter 



[R. 5-84] \Instructions to Ticonderoga Committee,} 

Instructions To Benjamin Giles Esq r and M r Joseph Whipple That 
you repair to Boston in the State of the Massachusetts Bay wait 
on Maj r General Ward and enquire if he Can ascertain the number 
of Troops stationed at Tyconderoga & Mount Independence, and the 
time when they are to be Discharged. That if it shall appear to 
you that there is not a sufficient strength at those Places, That you 
make known to the Hon ble the Assembly of Mass a Bay, That this 
Government, is Determined to pay the strictest attention to that im- 
portant pass, & Desire that they would Co-operate in this Interest- 
ing Business. That you make Return to the Assembly or Com- 
mittee of Safety as soon as may be 

In the house of Representatives Jan'y 3 d , 1 777. Voted that the 
above Instructions be Transcribed, signed by the President & Deliv- 
ered to Benj a Giles Esq. & M r Jos: Whipple 
Sent up for Concurrence John Langdon Speaker 
In Council Eodem Die read & concurred E. Thompson Scy 
P. S. You are also to Enquire at what lay Powder is Manufac- 
tured in the Mass ts State, and Enquire of M r Hopkins what Quantity 
of Sulphur is now in Store at Mystick belonging to this State 

[See Vol. VIII. pp. 451, 460, 462.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. I2/ 

[R. 5-85] 

{Jeremiah Gilman recommended for Promotion^ 

Gentlemen Convinced of the true Merit, the personal Bravery, the 
activity and alertness upon every occasion of Captain Gilman late of 
Colonel Nixon's Regiment Major Gen 1 Sullivan earnestly recom- 
mends him for a Field Officer if there is a Commission vacant He 
doubts not but from your attention to the common cause and willing- 
ness to promote the service you will take proper Notice of the above 
mentioned Gentleman we know, that nothing but the most vig- 
orous exertions will rescue us from the Hands of Tyranny and save 
our Country that a formidable Army must be raised & officered by 
Gentlemen of Honor and Men of approved Bravery, such Men will 
do honor to the service and those are the Men that will procure us 
Liberty. 

I am Gentlemen with great Respect 

your most obedient humble servant 

Lewis Morris Aid De Camp 

Chatham Bridge Jan'y 14 th 1777 

To the Hon ble The General Assembly of the State of New Hamp- 
shire 

[Jeremiah Gilman was appointed major of Colonel Cilley's regiment, 
April i, 1777. ED.] 



[R. 5-87] 

[Committee of Safety relative to Exchange of Prisoners^ 

State of New Hampshire In Committee of Safety at Exeter 
Jan'y 3O th , 1777 

Sir Advice to this State from General Washington has lately 
been received, after mentioning the necessity of an exchange of Pris- 
oners, he proceeds in the following words "That this Business 
may not remain an object of further delay, I would advise that all 
the prisoners in your State be Imediately sent to the commanding 
officer of the British Troops on the Island of Rhode Island, taking 
two exact Lists of the Names, Corps, Ranks of the officers, and the 
number of privates signed by the officer of the highest Rank ; one 
to be sent with him accompanied by a line to Gen 1 Howe, that the 
particular prisoners belonging to us, & to be received in exchange, 
will be required by me. To which end I must request that the other 



OF THE 

f UNIVERSITY I 

, 



128 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

List be immediately transmitted to me, that the requisition may be 
made" 

In consequence of which the Prisoners that were in this State 
have been bro't together and put under the care of Cap* John Haven 
(the bearer hereof), Lists of their Names, vRanks &c he will Commu- 
nicate to you And we desire you will be so kind as to assist Cap* 
Haven in Executing this matter properly. In behalf of the Com- 
mittee 

I am Sir your very Hum 1 Ser * 
Commanding officer of the American Troops at Rhode Island. 

[Fifty-six prisoners were sent to Newport, R. L, Jan. 31, 1777. 
Vol. VIII. pp. 474, 476, 477-] 



[Col. Bedel to Gen. Schuyler. From Hibbard Coll., p. 88.] 

Haverhill i6 th February 1777 

Sir Agreeable to your Instructions I have proceeded and sent a 
Party to S'Francois also to the Indians in the Eastern Parts, and to 
Caughnawaga I have now Three Parties in Canada, there is some 
Families of Indians come in who Informs that the Regulars are very 
severe upon them to take up arms and there is a number of our 
People there raising Companies of Rangers, and that there is a 
number of families more would come in if they had any thing to 
support themselves with as Gen 1 Carlton will not suffer them to 
Purchase either Blankets or Powder unless they will take up arms, 
these Indians further inform that there is very few Indians if any 
that would take up arms against us in Canada could they but once be 
rightly informed into the Circumstances of affairs, the news they 
have is much against us and in favor of the Ministry as people are 
constantly deserting and coming that way which fills them with all 
manner of News, they also say they are informed by Sir John John- 
son and Loramer that they want some Companies of Light Infantry 
& Indians to come down upon Connecticut River, and across Lake 
Champlain the same Intelligence we also have by several Deserters 
from Canada who have come thro' this way 

I expect to have a number of Indians in here in about a fortnight 
sho d be glad of your Instructions what I must do with whether I 
must supply them and in what manner as I shall then have intelli- 
gence of what is passing in Canada, those Indians that are come in 
are desirous of having a Block house built on Connecticut River 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. I2Q 

near Canada Line where they would make their abode untill this 
Dispute is Ended. It is the Opinion of all People who are friends 
to Liberty as also the Indians that it wo d be of great advantage to 
have Companies of Rangers kept Scouting to Lake Champlain, 
Misisque Bay &c, as they wo d then take up all going and coming 
from Canada and there is a great number of brave Men here who 
wo d willingly Engage as Rangers, also a number of Carpenters 
which if they sho d be wanted at Ticonderoga in assisting to Build 
sho d be sent upon the shortest notice if it is your pleasure for such 
a thing to be done sho d be glad of your instructions if there is [to] 
be any Rangers raised here for scouting Parties or to join the Army 
sho d be glad to know it as there is quantity of fat cattle to be sold 
which [will] be drove off soon unless I sho d engage them for that 
service as soon as I receive your instructions what to do shall imme- 
diately proceed to put them in force in the most best and quickest 
manner in my Power as I am always ready to obey what orders I 
may receive. 

I shall want some Money and whatever the Bearer Cap 1 Young 
gives his receipt for I be accountable for whether to Purchase Cattle 
or any other purpose you may Direct Several of the Indians who 
have come in are desirous to engage in our Service 

It is the opinion of People on Connecticut River that if a little 
Fort was Built agreeable to the desire of the Indians that it would 
be a great Safeguard to this part of the Continent and we sho d cer- 
tainly have all the Intelligence that they wo d be able to procure, and 
they all affirm that they never expect any succour from any part 
only from the Congress I have supported several families myself, 
as they have never been invited by any one except myself to come 
into these parts 

[The foregoing is from Colonel Bedel's retained copy, which is 
among the papers presented to the New Hampshire Historical So- 
ciety by Hon. George S. Hale. The collection contains documents 
of much historic value relating to the war of 1812-1815. ED.] 



[Col. Bedel to Gen. Sckuyler. Hibbard Coll., Vol. IV. p. 89.] 

24 th Feb y 1777 

Sir Since I wrote to you the Scout from Saint Francois is 
arrived who brings the following Intelligence that they went within 
25 Miles of the Village where they met 4 Families of Indians who 



I3O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

were going out a Hunting they had a Pass from the officer of the 
Regulars who commands at that Place to Hunt and not upon any pre- 
tence to come nigh this River on pain of death also that a Party of 
Regulars & Canadians were to come this winter to take a Survey of 
the Lake Amprobagog and was expected to come this way the Party 
from M r Metcalfs is arrived who say that upon their arrival they found 
everything desolate and the Party of Regulars there were between 80 
& 100 Men & also in the Villages from Montreal to Quebec Parties 
were there & that they were bringing in Provisions very fast to Mon- 
treal Saint Francois & Saint Johns that the British Troops used them 
extremely ill, and that a number of Indian Officers from different 
Tribes were Inlisting at S* Francois but met with no success, the whole 
of Indians joined as these Indians say were about 1000 and more sent 
for but not as yet come, the Common talk of the Indians in Canada 
is they wo d be glad to hear that the French wo d join us and they would 
willingly take up arms to assist us & are very glad to hear of News in 
our favour Those Indians belonging to S* Francois tribe say they 
would never go into Canada again could they get Supplies this way 
The Lake Amprobagog is the Head of S 1 Francois River about 3 
days March from the Upper Settlements on Connecticut River where 
they are going to make their Survey & it generally Supposed they 
are upon the Plan of Reconotring the Ground to come this way in 
order to distress the Inhabitants on this River, if it is your Honours 
pleasure that a Party sho d go as Scouts from hence it is necessary 
that the Party from the County of Gloucester be Stopt, there is also 
a Party of Men here raised by the State of New York under the 
Command of Major Hosington dece d who have not done 3 days 
duty since raised it is necessary some Person sho d be appointed to 
see that Duty is done as it is only expending the Continents money 
& distroying Provisions for further particulars the Bearer Cap 1 
Johnson can inform you * The Party that went to Metcalfs at 
Misisque Bay is returned made no discovery only found his house 
Evacuated I sho d be glad your Honours wo d send by the Bearer 
some Belts of Wampum as I have none also a little hard Cash as I 
shall have to send to Canada again 

* One of those Indians this Scout met with belonged to the Micmac Tribe which lies below Quebec 
who sd their Tribe used to get the chief of their Subsistance from Nova Scotia, since Capt Ede went 
there they are deprived of all Subsistance from that quarter and begs they may be relieved this way Your 
Honours Directions I should be glad to have relating them as soon as the other Scout arrives your Hon- 
our will be informed. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 131 

[Gen. Schuyler to Col. Bedel. Copied from Hibbard Manuscripts, 
belonging to the N. H. Historical Society, Vol. III. /. 44.] 

Albany February 27 : 1777 

Sir Your Letter of the i6 th Instant has been delivered me by Cap- 
tain Young, to whom I have paid on your account one hundred and 
fifty Dollars, which you will please to dispose of with as much 
economy as the Nature of the service will permit keeping exact ac- 
count of your expenditures. Whatever Indians may come from 
Canada to us as Friends you will treat in the civilest manner and 
contribute something towards their support As to building a 
Blockhouse for their protection I do not see any great Necessity for 
it, as I do not apprehend that any portion of the enemy will go so far 
East as Connecticut River. What those that are come from Canada 
relate as to Sir John Johnson & Loramier's Intentions is without 
Foundation Sir John left Canada early last Fall and I have good 
Information that Loramier is in Disgrace with General Carlton. 

The experience we have had of ranging Companies unless they are 
regularly enlisted for the War gives us no reason to expect much 
from them it is besides a Measure that I cannot enter into without 
the permission of Congress. 

I believe the chief Engineer and D. Quarter Master General are 
both provided with a sufficient number of Carpenters. 

As soon as you receive any further intelligence you will communi- 
cate it to me. 

I am Sir your most obedient humble servant 
Colonel Bedel. Ph : Schuyler 



[Soldiers' Orders. Bedel Papers, p. 47.] 

Pikskill febuary 28 th 1777 
Captain howard Sir. Pleas to Pay to Ezekiel Parker the order sum 

-of twenty two shillings lawful money Take the same out of my 

wages Being for Vallue Received. 

John Marston William Kimball 

[Captain Joshua Hayward's Company.] 



132 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Peekskill March I st 1777 

M r George Moor Sir Pleas to pay to Cap* Heward five shillings 
L. M. which same Cap 1 Hay ward has Payd to Lieu* Hopkins on my 
ace 1 it being pay for a Cartreg Box that you Bought of me 

Thomas M c Clary 

[Letter. Col. Bedel to Gen. Schuyler. Ibid, p. 48.] 

Haverhill State of New Hampshire 22 d April 1777. 
Sir Your favours by Cap ts Young & Johnson I rec d and have 
noted them with exactness I have had some Parties out and by the 
best Intelligence I can get the Indians in our Parts are very still but 
that the enemy are preparing to come on these parts. We can have 
a quantity of Men raised here during the War on verry short Notice 
if you think it necessary to raise only one Company of Rangers I 
co d have a Prisoner from Saint Johns or S 1 Francois any time when 
you please as we have officers & a number of men here who stand 
ready to Engage in that Service & is not willing in any other, they 
are men who have been in the service with me both this war & the 
last & are very urgent to come under my Command & Inspection 
any Orders or Commands you may please to send I am willing to ob- 
serve & obey to the Utmost of my Power 



[R. 5-9 1 J] [Deposition of Henry Parkinson.} 

Derryfield 4 th March 1777 

Henry Parkinson of lawful age testifies and says that about the 
first of January last he happened to fall in Company with Cap* John 
Parker of Litchfield, at M r Jones's Tavern as he was coming Home 
from the Army and s d Parker travelled with him in Company some 
Miles from s d Tavern, when we fell in Discourse about the present 
Dispute between Great Britain and the States, he, s d Parker spoke 
very discouraging about our proceedings, said we would never over- 
come, that W m Stark was now Lieu 1 Colonel under How, that there 
were several Officers now in this State that were enlisting men for 
How, and some in particular for Stark, he advised me very strongly to 
quit the American Service and join on the other side of the Ques- 
tion, did not doubt but I would get a better Commission and make 
more than I would in the American Service and further saith not 

Henry Parkinson 
George Cooper living at Rob 1 M c Neils 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 133 

{Letter. Col. Bedel to John Wells, Esq. Bedel Papers, p. 49.] 

Haverhill State of New Hampshire 8 th June 1777. 
Sir I rec d your favour with Gen 1 Schylers Letter inclosed. 
Joseph Traversie is now at my House and has been sick ever since 
he arrived here, and unable to proceed to Canada. I immediately 
procured a person well acquainted with that Country to go with the 
other Two. I furnished them Provisions and every other necessary 
they might want for their Journey they are not as yet returned but 
expect them in a short time I supplied the first Party of French- 
men with Money to bear their Expences from here to Albany they 
being quite destitute Shall be glad you would forward Col Hazens 
Letter as Quick as possible 

I am S r your Ob 1 Hble Serv* 

Tim Bedel - 

[Superscribed] To John Welles Esq r One of the Commissioners 
from the Continental Congress at Albany 



\Letter. Col. Bedel to Gen. Schuyler. Bedel Papers, p. 50.] 

Haverhill 22 d June 1777. 

Sir Since my last to you Three Scouts are returned from 
Canada. I have a Scout of Indians out that way who I expect daily 
in as they have been gone about six weeks. Joseph Traversie will I 
believe set out next week. I shall provide hands to go with him who 
are friends to the United States and know that Country very well he 
has been Sick ever since he came here, the Indians who came in here 
are very Peaceable and I am satisfied there is no danger of their 
Joining the British Troops I made my Report to Gen 1 Gates who 
then Commanded at Albany Your Honour being then at Phil- 
adelphia It wo d be necessary that some Soldiers sho d be here as 
it is very easy to take a Prisoner almost at any time from S* John's 
&c if you sho d think it of any advantage to the states I am glad 
to hear of your Honours appointment to the Command of the 
Northern Department as the Generality of People here was very 
uneasy when they heard of your Honours being gone to the South- 
ward. 

Gen 1 Schuyler 



134 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

\Draftin Col. Morey s Militia Regiment. Ibid, p. 50.] 

October 3 d 1777 

Pursuant to orders of the 2 d Instant I have made a Draft of men 
viz Frances Stevens (come forward) Moses Stevens Sence Lame 
David Tyller Jn r Paul Ford Andrew McCalister Isaac Gragg 

John Weed Leu 1 
Piermont 5 th October 1777 

To Col Israel Morey of Orford 

N. B. the above Said David Tyller Jn r Paul Ford Andrew 
McCalister & Isaac Gragg Refuse to Go according to orders where- 
fore I beg they may be Delt with as y e Law Directs - 

Col Morey John Weed Leu* 



[R. 5-88] 

[This document is a long letter to Alexander Scammell, from Rev. 
Samuel Webster, dated Temple, February n, 1777, recommending 
Ezekiel Goodale for a captain's commission. ED.] 



[R. 5-89] 

[Letter from Captain Ezra Towne, dated New Ipswich, February 
24, 1777, to Colonel Scammell, recommending Ensign Whittemore 
for promotion. ED.] 



[R. 5-90] \Capt. Ezekiel Goodale Recommended.'} 

To the Hon 1 the Committee of Safety for the State of New- 

hampshire 

Gentlemen, M r Bredeen having refused entirely to engage as 2 d 
Lieut, to which he had been appointed we would humbly submit to 
you the Desire of the Selectmen, Committee & Officers of the Com- 
pany of this Town that Cap 1 Ezekiel Goodale of this Town may be 
appointed to the above office as we conclude that it will serve the 
Common Cause of defending the Country By our desire Cap* 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 135 

Blood will wait upon you with this who will be able to inform of 
most particulars on which we Ground our Request. 
Temple Febr'y 7, 1777. 

x David Townsend ^ 

J hn C S gh ?/ ) c . Zachariah Emery I r 

Oliver Heald Selectmen Sam , Webster y V Committee 

David Spofford-) Francis Blood J 

Gershom Drury } officers 
Benj a Cragin of 

Sam 1 Howard i Militia 



[R. 5-92] {Petition from Officers at the Forts.'} 

To the Hon ble Councel and House of Representatives for the State 
of New Hampshire Now Convened at Exeter for the Safety & Secu- 
rity of the Lives Liberties and Properties of the Inhabitants of 
Said State The Memorial of Titus Salter Captain Jacob Worthen 
William White Lieutenents of the Company of Matrosses Raised 
for the Defence of fort Washington and Eliphalet Daniels Captain 

Andrew Marshall & Mendum Janverin Lieutenents of the Com- 
pany at Fort Sulivan unto your Honours humbly Shews 

That your Memorialists have not Ben Provided for with their 
Rations agreeable to a vote of Congress the fourth of January 1776 

That your Memorialists by that vote are upon the Same Estab- 
lishment as at Head Quarters and humbly hope your Honours will 
Cause your Memorialists to have their Rations agreeable to said vote 
or an Equivolent thereto and as in Duty bound your Memorialist 
shall ever pray 

State of New Hampshire at Fort Washington 13 th March 1777 

Titus Salter 
Eliphalet Daniels 
Jacob Worthen 
William White 
Mendum Janvrin 



[Jacob Bayley to Col. Bedel. Hibbard Coll.,' Vol. IV. p. 90.] 

Newbury 17 th March 1777 

Sir by some Hints yesterday I am thoughtfull that some per- 
sons from y e west Part of Connecticut who seem to be Coming up 



136 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

and gone to Coos will try to Pass to Canada by way of Memphry- 
magogue if so a large Scout must be sent to Intercept them and I 
think a Serjeants Party should be Placed in Haverhill and another 
at Newbury in the most Convenient Place to Intercept and Examin 
all Travelers that way if you are well and traveling this way I wish 
you would Call or otherways I will call on you I am yours &c 

Jacob Bayley 
To Col Timothy Bedel at Haverhill 



[Col. Bayley to Col. Morey. Hibbard Coll., Vol. IV. p. 90.] 

Castleton 22 nd Sept r 1777. 

S r . Success attend us as yet, in part we have cut of their Com- 
munication we have taken Tie. side except the old fort hope soon 
to have all Lake George Taken about 500 Prisoners we want help 
much our Divition is only 1500 men General Lincoln's gone to Join 
General Gates you and all the melitia Eastward must turn out with 
Horses and one months Provitions which will I hope put an end to 
the dispute this way. Gen rl Arnold fought a Battle two day ago 
on the Left of Gen rl Gates great numbers fell on both sides he took 
250 Prisoners and three field peaces and the field Pray turn out 

Yours acob Bayley 



[R. 5-94] [Letter from General Sullivan.] 

To the Honourable the General Assembly of the State of New 

Hampshire 

May it please your Honours since my arrival in this State I find 
that the Soldiers Already Enlisted for the Ensuing Campaign are 
Detained for want of Anns Cloathing &c. I well know the necessity 
of their Immediately Repairing to Tyconderoga & that Gen 1 Wash- 
ington has given Express orders for their marching to that post to 
secure it against the attempts of the Enemy : as I know of no other 
way for Equiping them for their march I beg leave to Recommend to 
your Honours to make application to Col Langdon for so many arms 
Blankets &c as will be Necessary to Equip your Troops for their 
march & that they be marched off as soon as possible, as Col Lang- 
don has now in his Hands a sufficiency of those articles which arrived 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 137 

in thejlast French Ship I make no Doubt of his Readiness to Com- 
ply with your Honours Request Especially when he Considers that 
if the affair should be delayed till order Can be Received from Con- 
gress this delay might in all probability prove the loss of that Impor- 
tant post without answering any one Valuable purpose as Congress 
must eventually order those articles into the Hands of the Troops 
who are now Destitute I am Fully Sensible that Congress & the 
Commander in Chief will approve of the measure as Essencially 
Necessary I am may it please your Honours with the Highest 
Sentiments of Gratitude & Respect your Honours most obedient 
Servant John Sullivan 

Durham 2O th of March 1777 



[R. 5~9^] [Colonel Dame s Declination.} 

Dover Ap 1 . 2 d 1777 

Sir I received under your cover the vote of the Hon ble Gen 1 
Court appointing me to the Command of a Battalion in the Service 
of the United States. I have the most grateful sense of the High 
Honor & Trust such appointment shews but my state of health for 
many years has been such that I could by no means undergo the 
fatigue of a Campaign & therefore must pray to be excused which 
you 1 please to give my Duty to the Hon ble Council & assembly & 
Communicate to them .from 

Your most Respectful Humbel Serv* 

Theop 8 Dame 
To the Hon ble E. Thompson Esq. 

[On receipt of the foregoing, Nathan Hale, of Rindge, was ap- 
pointed to the position. ED.] 



[R. 5-97] [Order on Commissary Hunt} 

Col Hunt Sir Please to Deliver three Blankets to Cap 1 Walker 
in Lieu of three Blankets he Delivered me for the use of Dan. Horn 
Elip* Fasy & Jn Doe y being absent when I Called for the s d 
Blankets. W m Mord 4 Bell 

Charlestown 23 Ap 1 1777 

As I never had any Blankets in the store for the use of Col Hale's 
Ridgment it is out of my power to answer the within order 

Sam 1 Hunt 



138 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

{Portsmouth. Petition Relative to Tories. Hibbard Collection, Vol. 

HI. p. 181.] 

To the Honorable Committee of Safety for the State of New 

Hampshire 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants of the Town of Portsmouth, 
who are Zealous in the Grand Cause now in Contest with Great Brit- 
tain Sheweth, That your Petitioners have for a long time waited 
with the greatest patience the result of the Honble General Court of 
this State in full expectation of their adopting some mode of pro- 
ceedure against those abandon'd wretches well known by the name of 
Tories who have too long infested this Town & State; but they tak- 
ing the advantage of the Lenity shown them, have continued repeat- 
edly to add Insult to Injury, 'till at length many have by the further 
instigation of the Devil been prompt on to Counterfeit & pass large 
Sums of Money, for which Enormity some have been apprehended 
and Committed to Goal ; and it is with great anxiety your Petitioners 
find as Notorious a Villian as either of them (if not more so 
mitted to go at large with full liberty to Carry on his Business as 
usual, and in order to blind the Eyes of the Weak & Credulous, he has 
the impudence to publish a piece in vindication of his character, 
altho' proved one of the worst of Villains by his own Confession ; 
adding to this his chief accomplice has been permitted to escape from 
his Confinement & the hands of Justice through Bribery, Corruption 
& the assistance of his abettors -- These evils, together with the In- 
telligence which is given & received to & from our open & avowed 
Enemies at New York &c. are Grievances of the highest magnitude, 
which if not speedily remidied will prove more fatal to our cause than 
can perhaps be at present conceiv'd of, and in order to effect which 
Remedy your Petitioners with due submission would observe, 
cannot be better accomplished than in following the example of our 
Sister States (South Carolina in particular) by executing all vile 
Traitors on being sufficiently proved as such, and Banishing all 
those persons who are well known to be disaffected to our Cause by 
providing chem with a Vessell & shipping them off, with liberty to 
proceed to any port in possession of the Enemy & no other. As the 
baseness of their Conduct latterly is such that unless your Honors 
interpose in the matter, by prosecuting them with the utmost Rigour, 
it will be impossible to stay the hands of the well affected populace 
from putting the same propos'd punishment (if not worse) into Ex- 
ecution. 



I 

REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



139 



Your Petitioners not in the least doubting of the prayer of their 
Petition being granted, do subscribe their names hereto, as being free 
subjects of a free State. 

Portsmouth May 5 th 1777. 



Josh a Wentworth 
John Marshall 
Eph m Ham 
Sam. Sherburne 
Rob* Parker 
Thomas Bailing 
Joseph Seaward 
Benj n Austin 
Benj. Bigelow 
Thomas Leigh 
Jn Tuckerman 
N. M c lntyer 
Jos. Allcock 
Geo. Wentworth 
Jn Jackson 
George Libbey 
Sam Hall 
W m Gardner 
Stephen Meeds 
Henry Sherburne 
Nahum Ward 
Epes Greenough 
Rob 1 Furness 
Ric d Langdon 
James Hill 
Sam 1 Bowles 
Rich d Trusdal 
W m Stanwood 
John Wendell 
Sam 1 Drowne 



James Marden 
John Marven 
Paul Leighton 
Nath. Pitman 
James Hight 
Sam 1 Beck 
William Ham 
Kin man Peverly 
Edmond Davis 
Elisha Hill 
John Raynes 
Samuel Hill 
William Cotton 
Moses Woodward 
Peter Man 
Mark Nelson 
John Penhallow 
Supply Clapp 
Joseph Bass 
Jeremiah Libbey 
Sam 1 Penhallow 
W m Knight 
Benj a Mackay 
W m Blunt 
Sam 1 Tripe 
Peter Shores Jun r 
Daniel Hart 
William Brewster 
D. Sherburne 



Rich d Mills 
John Warner 
Nath 1 Treadwell March* 
Jonat n Ayers 
Mark Seavey 
Dan 1 Lunt 
Nehemiah Rowell 
A. R. Cutter 
Edward Hart 
Nath 1 Sherburne 
H. Wentworth 
Benj a Chadbourne 
Nath 1 Folsom 
James P s King 
John Furnald 
Jonah Shackford 
Thomas Manning 
Henry Nutter 
Tobias Walker 
Sam 1 Waterhous 
George Dame 
Hopley Yeaton 
John Parrott 
Dan 1 Pierce 
John Marshall Jun r 
Tobias Lear 
John Gardner Ju r 
Edmund Roberts 



[In Committee of Safety May 9. " Considered of a Petition from 
Portsmouth concerning Tories." Said Committee also examined 
evidence vs. Theophilus Smith and Joseph Stacey, concerning 
Col. Stephen Holland's escape from jail, and on the loth issued 
a warrant to commit said Stacey. ED.] 



I 

I4O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-99] {Committee of Safety to Captain Giddinge.~\ 

State of New Hamp r In Committee of Safety May 7 th 1777 
To Cap 1 Eliph 1 Giddinge S r . You are Desired to muster all the 
men that shall be presented to you by the Continental officers whose 
companies you were ordered to muster who are enlisted for eight or 
twelve months paying them the travel only 

M. Weare Chairman 

State of New Hamp r In Committee of Safety May 19 th 1777 
To Cap 1 Eliph 1 Giddinge S r You are Desired to muster & pay 
one man for Lieu 1 David Gilman & return him to Col Baker The 
mans Name is Pearson Huntriss 

Josiah Bartlett Chair" pro tern 

State of New Hamp r In Committee of Safety May 28 th 1777 
To Cap 1 Elip 1 Giddinge S r You are Desired to muster Daniel 

Bickford a Soldier in Cap 1 Drew's Company & return his name to 

Col Baker 

By order of the Committee. Josiah Bartlett Ch r P. T. 



[R. 5-100] [Captain Cilley s Receipt for Bread.] 

Hampton June y e 6 - 1777 reed of Jeremiah Knowles who Be- 
ing apointed By the Commeserry of this State to find Bred for my 
Company reed one hundred and nintey Eight pounds of Bred 

Cutten Cilley Capt 



[Fragment of a Diary. Chase Papers ', p. 51.] 

May 2 1 : 1 777 arrived in Camp at M 1 Independence all in good 
health in Number 151 went into a Good Barrak had Good provisions 
& Harde Duty Nothing worth menshing till the 26 Day when a 
Scout come in from Split Rock [illegible] the British fleet [illegible] 
27 at Nite Came in another Scout from Split Rock [illegible] som of 
the British fleet (viz) som Shiping and about 40 Boats or Batoes 
Heard the morning & evening Gun from New Comberlin Head this 
Caused Expresses to Be Sent to all quarters orders to Be Given 28 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 14! 

Day for y e Cannon all to Be mounted abattese to Be laid & all hands 
on the work 

Tiontraoga May 29 : 1777 at a Councel of war this Day 3085 
Rank & file encluding sick Carpenters Montroses & other Arteficers : 
same Day a large Number of Canon Heard from the Enemy Down 
the Lake 

30 Day a Scout came in Broat News that y e Enemy was gon Back 
finding out by the Inhabetence that our meleshe was Come in Grate 
Numbers 

31 Counter orders Sent to Stop melesha on y e Grants & else- 
where 

June i : 1777 Men began to be uneasy Being prety well fortag d 
Hailing logs to make & Giting Stone to Sink the Pears to make the 
Bridge 



[R. s-ioi] 
[Samuel Barrett & Co. for Permit to Ship Commissary Stores.'] 

Portsmouth June 5 th 1777 

S r As Agents for the Com y Gen 1 We have purchas'd Twelve 
hogsh ds Jaim a Rum & twenty hogsh ds Molls w ch we intend w th the 
Leave of the Hon ble Assembly of this State, to Ship to Newbury Port, 
in the Sloop commanded by Cap* Partridge ; & beg your Honors 
w d grant a permit for that Purpose. 

We are w th greatest Esteem & Respect 
Your most ob* Hum 1 Serv ts 

Sam 1 Barrett & C 
The Hon ble Meshec Weare - 

[See letter of General Schuyler, Vol. VIII. p. 581. ED.] 



[R. 5-102] 

\Letter from Thomas Thompson, Ship Raleigh.~\ 

Portsmouth June i8 th 1777. 

Gent". As the Embargo is not taken off, I beg your Honours to 
Consider whether it will not be proper to continue it sometime 
longer untill the Raleigh is mann'd : if the Embargo is continued on 
all vessels without Distinction & none permitted to pass I shall 
expect to get the Raleigh Mann'd & soon to Sea : if every vessel is 



142 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

suffered to fit out and depart I do not expect to get to Sea this Sum- 
mer, and it comes now to the pinch, as I shall soon have every thing 
but Men were every other vessel stop'd it would have this good 
effect, every person concern'd in Shipping would encourage the 
Manning of the Raleigh, whereas they now discourage it. The Con- 
tinental Agent will be present and doubt not will second my request 
as he knows the necessity of the Case I earnestly desire that such 
a measure may be adopted, if your Honours can think it any way 
consistent with the public Good 

I am with great Respect, Gent" 

Your most Ob* Serv 1 , 

Tho : Thompson 
To the Hon 1 the Council & Assembly, State of New Hampshire 



[R. 5-103] 

[This is a long manuscript of the proceedings of the Continental 
Congress, June 10, 1777. ED.] 



[R. 5-104] 

[Order for the Discharge of State Prisoners.'} 

State of New Hampshire ) To the Keeper of the Gaol in Portsm 
Rockingham ss. \ in the County of Rockingham in s d State 

You are hereby directed to discharge William Torrey Esq r Wil- 
liam Hart Isaac Rindge Esq r M r Peter Pearse, M r John Peirce & M r 
James Sheafe, State Prisoners in Said Goal upon their taking and 
Subscribing the following Oath viz*. 

I A. B. Do solemnly swear by the Great Name of the everliving 
God that I will to the utmost of my Power and ability disclose and 
make known to some officer or Majestrate acting for and under the 
authority of the United States or some one of them of all Plotts and 
Conspiracies which I know or may come to my knowledge against 
this State or the united States of America or any one of them as 
Independent of and in opposition to the King of great Britain 
and that I will not directly or indirectly aid, assist advise or give 
intelligence to any person or persons acting under the authority of 
the said King of great Britain relative to his or their endeavoring to 
bring the United States or any one of them under the Dominion of 
the said King. And that I take this Oath without any mental Reser- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 143 

vation or Equivocation whatever and mean honestly & faithfully to 
Perform the same So help me God. And upon their Swearing 
and Subscribing the above it is Recommended that they be per- 
mitted to go at Large in Peace & Quiet 

In Committee of Safety Exeter July 2 nd 1777 

Copy - 

[No mention is made of the foregoing in the records of the Com- 
mittee of Safety of that day. ED.] 



[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 

Receipt for the one months advanced pay in the 2 months Sarviss 
with B. D. G. [Brig. Gen.] Stark. 

Cornish July 3O th 1777. 

We the Subscribers Being a Draft from the Militia of the Regt. 
under the Command of Col Jon th Chase Do Acnolage we Have Rec d 
of him four pounds ten shillings each as one months advanced pay 
agrabel to a Vote of the Councel & assambly of the State of New 
Hampshire. 

Lebanon 



Zalmon Aspinwall 
Joel Tilden 
Asa Colburn 
Jabez Baldwin 
Eleazer Mather Porter 



Corp 1 Enoch Emerson 
Joel Cooper 
Aaron Warrin 



Ezekiel Wells 



Joseph Basford 



Will m Ripley 
Samuel Hilliard 
Samuel Fitch 



Jeremiah Griswold 
Jacob Colburn 
Walter Peck 
Benj. Harris 

Croydon 

Nathan Woodbury 
Edward Hall 
Sherman Cooper 

Canaan 

Josiah Clark 

Cardigan [Orange] 

Elihu Corliss 

Cornish 

Lieut. Daniel Chase 
Nichols Cady 
Ebenezer Brewer 



Isaiah Bliss 
Joseph Wood Jun r 
Lem 1 Fuller 
Azariah Bliss Jun r 



Sam 1 R d Hall 
Moses Warrin 



Nathaniel Bartlett 



Benjamin Commings 
John Whitten 



144 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Hanover 

Medad Taylor Reuben Tenney Robert Mason 

Jona. Ketcham Abel Bridgman his 

Ezekiel Parker Daniel X Taber 

mark 

Grafton 

Russell Mason Simeon Bullock Nathaniel Mason 

Thomas Howard 

Plainfield 

Lef* Joseph Smith Isaac Corey Hodges Cutler 

Niles Cutler Stephen Cotton Caleb Cotton 

Lemel Smith Isaac Wilson Ephraim Joy 

Thomas Gallup Jr. Cornelius Blunt Peter Curyer 

his 

David X Williams 

mark 

Enfield Elisha Bingham 
Dartmouth [Jefferson~\ Titus Woodward 

Cornish Jullyye 30, 1777 

then received of Col Jonathan Chase four pounds ten shillings 
each toward our pay in the two months [service] as witness our 
hands 

Capt Joshua Hendee Ens. Samuel Estabrooks Solomon Chase 



[R. 5-106] {General Stark to Doctor Chase .] 

H. Quar s C: Town Aug* 3 d 1777 

Doc r Solomon Chase Sir You are order'd and Required to 
take under your care all the Sick that is, or may be sent hereafter 
from my Brigade of Militia to this place And you are to Receive 
medicines out of the States Chest for the purpose aforesaid. What 
medicines you use of your own private property, you'r to keep an exact 
account of you'r also from time to time desired to send me an ac- 
count of the State and Condition of the Sick under your Care, & 
this shall be your sufficient order 

John Stark B. D. G 

To D r Solomon Chase Chirurgeon to Colo : Hobarts Regiment 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



145 



[R. 5-107] 



{Supplies sent to the Continental Regiments '.] 

Sent by Nicholas Nicholle 400 pair Shoes 50 pair Leather 
Breeches 16 Shirts & 180 pair Stockens to be carried to the Army & 
Deliver them to Noah Emery Jun r Jedidiah Jewet or W m Bell & 
take receipt 

Augs* 6 th 1777 

Shirts breeches hose Shoes 

5 12 58 134 

5 1 6 42 131 

6 22 80 134 



D'd Cap* Isaac Frye 
Cap* Ben. Kimball 
C. Rich d Brown 



16 



50 150 399 

1777 Aug* 28. Rec d the Contents by M r Nichols according to the 
account for the use of the Soldiers Jedidiah Jewett 



[R. 5-1 10] 



[Receipts for Clothing^ 



Aug T 28, 1777 Rec d of Jedediah Jewett five Shirts Twelve pair 
Breeches fifty Eight pair Stockens and one Hundred & Thirty four 
pair Shoes for which I promise to pay the Money as soon as it can be 
Drawn Isaac Frye Cap* 

i p r Breeches d d Major Derbon 



[R. 5-109] 

Aug* 28, 1777 Rec d of Jedediah Jewett five Shirts sixteen pair 
Leather Breeches forty two p r Stockens & one Hundred & thirty one 
pair shoes for which I promise to pay the Money as soon as it can be 
Drawed. Benj a Kimball pay Master 

Rec d i p r Breeches back 



[R. 5112] {John Paul Jones to Committee of Safety.^ 

Portsmouth August 29 th 1777. 

Gentlemen, As the Continental Ship of war Ranger under my 
command is nearly in readiness for Sea, and as I have particular 

10 



146 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Orders from Congress, to proceed with all possible expedition I 
take the liberty applying to you for authority to enlist a few men from 
the Forts and Garrisons of this harbour, whereby I may be enabled 
with the greater facility to complete my complement, and to fulfil 
the intentions of Congress, altho' I am persuaded that you will agree 
with me that no preference ought to be given where it hath not been 
merited by superiour abilities or superiour Services I should have 
made an earlier application had I not waited the departure of the 
Raleigh. 

I am with due Respect, Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient, very humble Servant, 

John Paul Jones. 

The Hon ble The Committee of Safety for the State of New Hamp- 
shire Copy 

[He was granted permission to enlist twenty men from the Ma- 
tross companies. .ED.] 



[R. 5-113] [Committee of Safety to William GardnerJ] 

State of New Hampshire In Committee of Safety Septem r II th 
1777. 

Sir The Committee lately sent to enquire into the State of the 
New Hampshire Troops in service, reported last night, that the Bat- 
talions in the Continental service who were at Ticonderoga are in a 
suffering condition, without any covering in the night time but the 
Canopy of Heaven, without Blankets, and almost Destitute of every 
kind of Cloathing, that many have died, solely for want of Cloathing 
to cover them from the Inclemencies of the Weather. Therefore the 
Committee intreat you without any delay, to send forward by the 
nearest and most Convenient Roads to the Northern Army near 
Albany, what Cloathing you have got made up for the New Hamp- 
shire Battallions, they are in the greatest Distress for shirts, which 
will induce you to send all you possibly can. Your Compliance 
(which we doubt not) will greatly serve the public cause and in par- 
ticular the New Hampshire Troops. 

I am sir your very Humble Ser* 

M. Weare Chairman 

M r William Gardner 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 147 

[R. 5114] [ William Gardner to Committee of Safety J\ 

Portsmouth Sept r 16, 1777 

Sir Your favor of i I th inst I duly received, I must beg your 
(& the Honble Committee's) pardon for not answering it in course 
it was intirely owing to the hurry of Business 

I have wrote the Clothier General some time past respecting the 
Cloathing being forwarded to the army with all dispatch and daily 
expect his answer however you may rest assured that they shall 
be sent on the next week ensuing, whether I hear from him or not, 
as the situation of our Troops realy gives me great anxiety of mind, 
which I heartily wish to have removed 

In the interim, I am with the greatest Respect 
Your & the Honble Committees most Ob 1 Servant 

W m Gardner, Ag l for Clothing 
Honble Meshech Weare Esq 



[R. 5-115] 

This may Certify that Cap* Wilson drew no Provision for himself 
or his Sabaltons, [Lieutenants] and but one pound & a quarter of 
Beef & one pound of Bread or flour Pr man pr Day while at Charles- 
town for his Comp y Elijah Grout, Com y 

15-1777 



[Copy Gen. Gates s Letter to Committee. Chase Papers, p. 17.] 

Camp on Bemis's Heights Sept. 17 th 1777. 

I have rec d certain intelligence that Gen 1 Burgoyne has caused 
Skeensborough Fort Ann Fort George Fort Edward the posts he 
lately occupied to the Southward of Lake George & Skeensborough 
to be evacuated and the artillery stores & provisions to be brought to 
his army now at Van Virters Mills seven miles North of this Camp 
except some heavy Cannon which are carried to the five mile Island 
in Lake George from this it is evident the Gen 1 designs to resque 
all uppon one rash stroke it is therefore the indispensible duty of all 
concern d to exert themselves in reinforcing this army without one 
moments delay the militia from every part should be ordered here 
with all possible expedition I am S r your obedient Humble Serv* 

Horatio Gates 

To the Honorable the Chairman of the Committee of Bennington 
to be forwarded to the Committees at the Eastward thereof 



148 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

We have Rec d a letter from Gen 1 Stark directed to the command- 
ing officer of the New Hampshire Militia on their march to Benning- 
ton earnestly desiring them to forward his troops & by which it ap- 
pears that a reinforcement from this state is expected hoping that 
every lover of his Country at this crisis will exert himself 

We remain Gentlemen your Friend & very humble serv ts 

James Farnsworth ) Committee of 
Seth Walker j Charlestown 

To the chairman of the Committee of Safety in Cornish 



[R. 5-116] [Petition from State Prisoners^ 

State of New Hampshire To the hon ble the Council & House of 

Representatives for the state aforesaid 

The petition of the subscribers humbly sheweth That they have 
been confined in the public goal in Exeter for upwards of four 
Months, & their characters have greatly suffered, from the inhuman 
tongues of malicious persons, who delight in the Misfortunes & 
miseries of their fellow Men, and think they engraciate themselves 
into the Favor of Government, & also cover their own crimes by 
falsely & wickedly exclaiming against others, maliciously augmenting 
every Failure of human Nature into crimes most horrible & aston- 
ishing, slightly passing over or rather wholly neglecting every thing 
which Justice demands should be produced in their Favors, & in 
reality are laudable & praise worthy, taking unreasonably the advan- 
tage of all times, places & dispositions of people to do them hurt, & 
relate every thing with airs of Horror & consequence which if they 
were properly weighed with the Circumstances which then attended 
would turn out less than Nothing, having by such evidences our 
characters entirely ruined, (as by our treatment appears) and as we 
are fully assured that under such Circumstances we can neither be 
serviceable to the state we live in, nor to ourselves, & having it 
wholly out of our power (being confined) to retrieve our Characters 
by any good actions, or to prove by future good Conduct & other 
evidences our Innocency, & that we have undeservedly suffered the 
pains of imprisonment, (tho 5 very severe) yet but trifling when com- 
pared with the loss of our Characters) under such very unhappy 
Circumstances, and despairing of any Relief in any way but by 
transportation, we earnestly pray that we may forthwith be convey'd 
to some other part of the Earth, & thereby rid this state of any 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 149 

further Fears & apprehensions from us, as internal enemies & us 
from the pains of imprisonment, we earnestly pray that we may 
forthwith know the place of our Destination, the time of our Depart- 
ure & the terms upon which we are to depart, all which are humbly 
submitted & your humble petitioners as in duty bound will ever 
pray- 

Exeter Goal Sept r i; th 1777 

Jon a Gove Robert Fulton Jun r 

John Molony Philip Carigain 



[Proceedings at a Committee Meeting. Chase Papers, p. 17.] 

Lebanon Sep* 21 : 1777. 

At a meeting of the Comitte of Safty of several towns on Con- 
necticut River, (viz) Cornish, Lebanon, Plainfield, Hanover, &c. 
The following Votes were passed, (viz) that Deacon Estabrook be 
moderator of s d Meeting That John Wheatley be Clark. 

Voted that the Several Committes use their utmost influence to 
incurage as many abel Bodied men, as can Possibly be spared, to 
march forthwith to Reinforce General Gates's army in this important 
Crisis 

Voted that whatever number of men shall turn out for the purpose 
aforesaid from the towns in Colonel Chases Regiment shall have the 
Liberty to Chuse proper Officers to their Company or Companies 
from amongst themselves - 

Voted that all that shall engage as aforesaid shall repair to Coll n 
Chases by next Wendays night 

Voted that Lieu* Coin Elisha Paine take the Command of the 
party belonging to Col n Chases Regiment that shall engage as afore- 
said 

Voted, that said Meeting Be dissolved - 

[Elisha Payne declined, September 22, to take the command, on 
account of sickness in his family. Chase Papers, p. 18. ED.] 



I5O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

\_Col. Morey to Gen. Jonathan Chase. From the Chase Papers, p. 
1 6, N. H. Historical Society.] 

Cornish Oct r i, 1777 

Sir This is to inform you that I have collected what men I 
could out of my Regiment (in so short a time) I marched them as 
far as this place hoping to find you at home but as you was gone 
forward & as I have rec d new orders from the Court of this state 
thro' the Hands of Brigadeer Gen 1 Whipple to exert myself to the 
utmost & send all the Militia that can possibly turn out, I concluded 
to turn back & raise another Company & send forward as soon as 
possible Cap 4 Chandler commands the men which I have sent for- 
ward I have directed him to put himself under your Command 
my Adjutant Simeon Goodwin is gone forward & will serve if needed 
& he is a Man that may be relied on for his punctuality & fidelity 
Gen 1 Bayley will show you what further I have wrote respecting the 
men and soforth I send my son Israel with the Men he is to wait 
on Cap 1 Hayward when he comes Israel Morey 

To Col Jon a Chase 



[R. 5-117] {Certificate of Service. Col. Chase s Regiment.'} 

H. Q. Saratoga Oct r i8 th 1777- 

These may Certify that Col Chase with a Regiment of Volunteers 
have faithfully serv'd until this date in the Northern Army, and are 
now Discharged with Honor. 

By order of General Gates 

Jacob Bayley Brig r Gen 1 



[Orders. General Gates to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, N. H. 
Historical Society, p. 52.] 

Albany November i 5 th 1777 

Sir I am desirous you should without delay engage a Regiment 
of Volunteers, consisting of five hundred Men, Officers included, to 
be commanded by yourself, as Colonell, M r [John] Wheelock as Lieu 1 
Colonel, and the Bearer Captain Whitcomb as Major- 

While the Men are Collecting I recommend you in the strongest 
manner to prepare with the greatest secrecy, every thing necessary 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 151 

for your enterprize ; such as Provisions, Ammunition, Combustibles 
properly fixed, Snow Shoes &c, with the ordering of all which you 
from your knowledge of the Climate, Country and other Circum- 
stances, are much better acquainted with, than I am, myself, I there- 
fore give you a discretionary power in these matters. If upon your 
near approach to Saint John's, you find you can surprize the Fort, 
I think that the best to be done, for should it fall into your Hands, 
I conclude the Vessells and Crews, are our own, without fighting. 

Success being thus far obtained I desire the Fort, the Ships, and 
every article that can be Burnt, be instantly laid in Ashes ; and that 
you, with your Command, and the Prisoners who shall have fallen 
into your Hands, retire with all Expedition to Co'os - 

I wish you would take with you to Saint Johns, such Indians only, 
whose Fidelity can be depended upon ; for the least Treachery, when 
you are on the Point of executing your Project, oversets and ruins 
all your Hopes. You are therefore to be equally cautious not to take 
British Deserters, or old Country People ; who have no Establish- 
ment and Family in your Neighborhood, and have not given proof 
of fidelity and of their being Staunch Whiggs. In your prepara- 
tion for this enterprize, I recommend it to you to give out, that you 
are going to join the Army, intended to take New York this Winter ; 
and that you are to be at the general Rendezvous at Albany on the 
I st of February. You will, if possible, march off on the first day 
of that month, about noon ; take the direct Road, but, at Day break, 
on the next Day, turn short about to Saint Johns. You may then 
pretend that a large Scout of the Enemy has been discovered com- 
ing up the Lake, and that you mean to intercept them. 

If upon the Return of the Scouts from Canada you are informed 
that Sir Guy Carleton has so strongly Garrisoned and Fortified Saint 
Johns, that it would be fruitless to make an attempt to surprize the 
Fort, you will lay that Scheme aside, and think of no more than burn- 
ing the vessels As soon as you return to Co'os, or as much sooner 
as it can be safely performed, you will Dispatch an Express, directed 
to me at York Town in Pennsylvania, with a particular Account of 
your success. I intreat you to observe the most inviolable secrecy, 
suffering only Lieu 1 Colo : Wheelock, and Major Whitcomb, to be 
acquainted with the real Design. I have no Mciney here at present, 
but you may rest assured all your Engagements and Expences shall 
punctually be paid ; and you may at a proper time, declare to all 
your Men from me, that those who shall distinguish themselves on 
this bold enterprize, shall be amply rewarded for their service 

The Men should be inlisted for no longer term, than the last Day 
in March ; and to be then discharged, receiving four pounds a Man 



152 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

pr Month, and the officers in proportion Sincerely wishing you 
Success and Honour, I am Dear Colonel 

Your Affectionate Humble Servant 
Colo : Bedel (Copy) Horatio Gates 

[In a memorandum on the document Colonel Bedel says : " io th 
Nov r 1777 Received a Commission from Henry Laurens Esq r , 
President of Congress, which Commission was to continue in force 
according to the usual Form." ED.] 



[Col. Bedel to Gen. Gates. Bedel Papers, p. 53.] 

Haverhill 2Q th Nov* 1777. 

Sir According to your Orders I have Dispatched Three Parties 
into Canada I was up Connecticut River about 50 Miles a few days 
ago and found Two Indians who informed me they were in great con- 
fusion in Canada and that the British Troops were making a Tryal to 
remove but the weather came on too severe upon them caused great 
Confusion I should be glad to know what number of Snow Shoes I 
must procure and the time to have them in readiness I have sent by 
each of the three Parties 15 in Specie for their support whilst 
there Lewis and Vincent are gone for Caughnawaga, they will visit 
S* John's, Chamballe by the Rout I proposed to go to Saint Johns, 
they are very desirous to have everything prepared against their 
return for a March being Zealous to push forward. - - You will re- 
ceive this by Major John Wheelock Son of the Rev d D r Wheelock 
President of Dartm College who is very desirous of going with me 
sho d be glad to have him if your Honour thinks proper I have dis- 
coursed with Gen 1 Bayley upon the subject of going to S 1 Johns who 
thinks it highly necessary and that it be done speedily all orders 
sent shall be punctually obeyed without the least loss of Time by, 
Sir Your Honours m 1 Ob 1 Hble Serv r 

Major Gen 1 Gates [Copy contains no signature.] 



[Copy. Bedel to Sclmyler and Gates. Ibid.] 

Haverhill 3O th Nov r 1777 
Copy to Schuyler & Gates. 

Gentlemen According to your orders I proceeded immediately 
on the business you empowered me to Transact with y e Indians and 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 153 

have brou 1 a number of Families down near me who are ready to 
assist when called upon. I have sent part of them into Canada to 
gain what Intelligence they can, as also to find out the Disposition of 
the Inhabitants I shall have about thirty here this Winter, and 
shall acquaint your Honours with every particular I may be informed 
of during the Course of the Winter as I shall Endeavor to make all 
the Discoveries in my Power that may tend to the advantage of the 
States I should be glad to have Three or Four Belts if any to be 
had for the Indians, also to know if any Cloathing could be had for 
them, if there sho d be any at Springfield I co d get them here by an 
order for them, sho d be glad to know by the return of the bearer M r 
John Wheelock all orders at any time will be cheerfully obeyed 
without the loss of time The Indians are very well Satisfied with 
their treatment I am Gentlemen 

Your m* ob* Hble Serv* 
Major Gen 1 Schuyler &c 



\College Company. Return of Men in Service. Chase Papers, p. 72.] 

In Cap* Hendee Company a Return of men Misted in New Hamp- 
shire State Sarves 

Jotham Starns : in Cap* House Company formerly Inlisted 
William Winton 1 in Cap* House Company Inlisted or Hired By 
Thomas Clark J s d Capt Hendee Company During the War 
Maj John Wheelock Cap* Comfort Sever ^ In York 

Cap* Abel Curtis Lef* Eleazer Wheelock | Light Infantry 

Aaron Storrs Isaac Osborn I Sarves 

Peter Ingan John Ingan [ under 

W m Broton Elijah Hamon Maj r 

Benjamin Chase John Severs man ) Wheelock 

Lef* John Pane Jon* h Gillet ) In Col Warners 

Thomas Abner Benjamin Latherbe J Regiment 

John Balden Inlisted with Cap* Farwell 

The above is a true Return 

pr Joshua Hendee Cap* 



154 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN SULLIVAN. 

[Charges against him ; Proceedings of a Court of Inquiry, including 
Testimony ; Letters and Certificates approving his Conduct in the 
Staten Island Expedition, and the Battle on tJie Brandy wine ^ 

I777-] 

[The following papers are important as completely refuting the 
charges made against General Sullivan, by Major Taylor, of maladmin- 
istration in the Staten Island expedition ; and the charges made by Mr. 
Burk, of North Carolina, of bad conduct in the battle on the Brandy- 
wine, and of general incompetency. The documents are also important 
as giving detailed accounts of those events, not heretofore published. 

General Sullivan's letter, transmitting these documents to the 
Hon. John Langdon, then Speaker of the New Hampshire House of 
Representatives, is printed in Vol. VIII. pp. 743-745. ED.] 



\MajorJohn Taylors Complaint. Rcvohitionary War Rolls. Adju- 
tant-General's Office. Vol. XL p. 137.] 

Hanover Aug* 24 th 1777. 

Dear Col I am this moment returned from an Expedition to 
Staten Island, the Issue of which has been rather unfortunate. On 
thursday last we marched from Hanover, at 4 OClock P. M. & con- 
tinued our march, with little, or no Intermission to Halsteads Point, 
where we arrived at 3 OClock, in the morning, having marched 22 
miles, we immediately began to cross the Sound, but there being only 
5 Boats, we did not all get over, 'till neer Sun rise ; Col Ogden had 
crossed at the old Blazing Starr, with about 500 men the same morn- 
ing, whose men, & the separated Brigades of our Division attacked 
three different parts of the Enemy, before six. Each attack proved 
successfull. Col Ogden, who had got over by day break, compleatly 
surprized the Enemy, killed a few, & made One Hundred Prisoners. 
De Bores [Brig. Gen. De Borre] Brigade, which Sullivan Commanded 
in Person, killed about 5, & made near 30 Prisoners. General 
Smallwood had very little fortune in getting Prisoners, the Enemy 
having got Intelligence of his coming early enough to scramble off. 

Thus matters stood, at 9 when our two Brigades joined again, and 
marched off to the Old Blazing Starr, to recross, where Ogden, & his 
party had crossed, and returned. The main body of the Enemy 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 155 

were then discovered to be lurking on our flanks, but evidently with 
no intention of coming to action. We marched on to the Old 
Blazing Starr, & began to Cross, but before we had got all our men 
over, the Enemy came up, & attacked our Rear of about 1 50 who were 
on that side. Our people behaved bravely, several times drove the 
Enemy from the Charge, but all their Ammunition being gone, they 
dispersed ; some swam the River and the rest were taken. We 
lost but very few men, except the Prisoners, but the Enemy must 
have had at least 100 killed and wounded, among the Prisoners, were 
Col Antill, Major Woodson, Major Stewart, Major Tilliard, & Matt 
Duffey, Cap 1 Heron, L 1 Campbell, L 1 Anderson, & Ensign Lee, 
were not mentioned in a flag which they sent out, proposing an Ex- 
change from thence I conjecture they are killed. Col Antill was 
not with the list of those who wished to be Exchanged, and the 
officers said he did not chuse to return. The Misfortunes which 
attended this Expedition, were numerous & ruinous. I will if possi- 
ble enumerate them. It was unfortunate, that the march of near 30 
miles, before we began to attack should fatigue our Men. It was un- 
fortunate, that instead of returning by the way we crossed, which was 
short ; we should march 10 miles further to the Starr, which made 
the number of miles from our Camp, with our maneaveurs on the 
Island at least 40 : It was very unfortunate that we continued to 
march without halting, by which means we had a Rear of 6 miles. 
It was unfortunate that we observed no Order in our retreat. That 
every Soldier should be allowed to Plunder, & get straggled all over 
the Island. It was unfortunate, that we did not attack the main 
body of the Enemy, who evidently acknowledged our superiority by 
avoiding us, and as Evidently discovered their intention of attacking 
our Rear, by hovering on our Flanks. It was very unfortunate that 
only about 30 Light Infantry of our Regiment composed the Rear 
by which means, all the Officers of Herons Company were lost, and 
the rest knowing their situation, and having no Waggons, could not 
bring off the sick, it was unfortunate, that Orders were sent to the 
upper Ferrys to have the boats brought down, by two private 
Soldiers, which coming through an improper Channel was conse- 
quently disobeyed; It was very unfortunate that no Officers were 
appointed to superintend the Embarkation, and Disembarkation, of 
our Troops in the 4 boats, which Ogden had, by which means as 
much time was lost in the delay on the other side, as would have 
secured a safe Passage ; for that which was every man's business 
was attended to by no one. It was unfortunate, that many Plun- 
dered Horses were brought over, which produced much delay. It 
was very unfortunate we had no Cannon & that we marched down 



156 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

into the Marsh opposite the Enemy, where two of our Men had 
their brains knocked out, with their Field Pieces. It was very un- 
fortunate that we had nothing to Eat for near 43 hours, and were 
marching for most of that time, which did such Injury to the Troops, 
that at one time yesterday DeBores Brigade could not Muster above 
40 Men : My arithemetick will not serve for the whole enumeration, 
I will therefore halt here. By the Enemies Return they have 130 
Prisoners of ours ; but you may be assured, we shall not get off 
under 200, several Field Officers & Commanders fell into our Hands, 
and the General talks of an Exchange Figure to yourself, the sit- 
uation we are in ; Then hear that we are to march, in two, or three 
days to the Southward, and wish but do not hope to see many of us 
come forward I wish my Dear Colyou could join us, your presence 
is absolutely necessary to reclaim that order which we have been 
gradually loosing ever since you left us. I am so much fatigued, 
that I am wholly unable to write to M r Penn, I should therefore be 
obliged to you to show this Letter, and tell him further, that if Con- 
gress do not make an Enquiry into this affair, they will not do their 
Duty to their Constituents 

I am Dear Col Your most Hble Serv 1 
To Col Hazen John Taylor 

[Taylor was a major in Col. Moses Hazen's regiment. Septem- 
ber i, 1777, Congress directed General Washington to appoint a 
"court of enquiry on the late expedition by general Sullivan against 
the British forces on Staten-Island." September 14, Congress " Re- 
solved, That general Sullivan be recalled from the army until the en- 
quiry heretofore ordered into his conduct be duly made." September 
1 6, in consequence of a remonstrance from General Washington, Con- 
gress voted "That the execution of the resolution of Congress for the 
recall of general Sullivan from the army in the present critical sit- 
uation of affairs, be left to the discretion of general Washington 
until further orders." On the same day a motion to submit to Gen- 
eral Washington "whether it would not be advisable to place the 
Maryland and Delaware troops under the command of some other 
major general, it being at the request of the delegates of those 
states," was negatived by a vote of nineteen to four. Washington's 
letter, and this action of Congress, show their confidence in Sulli- 
van's usefulness, and desire to retain his services. ED.] 

[Extract from General Washington's letter to Congress, dated 
"Buck Tavern Sept. 15, 1777, three o'clock p. M. . . . Whether the 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 157 

charges alleged against general Sullivan are true or false, or whether 
his conduct has been exceptionable or not, I am satisfied the resolu- 
tion for his recall at this time was unhappily adopted, and, if carried 
into execution, will not fail to add new difficulties to our present 
distresses ; and I am obliged to observe, in justice to my own charac- 
ter, that I cannot be answerable for the consequences that may arise 
from a want of officers to assist me."] 



[Ibid p. 138.] 

{General Sullivan s Letter to the President of Congress^ 

Camp at Perkcoming Oct r 6 th 1777 

Dear Sir : Since writing the Letter which accompanies this, 
have had no opportunity of forwarding my Papers to Congress : I 
beg leave to trouble Congress, with some remarks, upon the severe, 
& I think very unjust censure cast upon me respecting the Intelli- 
gence sent by me to Gen 1 Washington, the day of the Battle on 
Brandywine. I wish only to acquaint Congress with the facts ; It 
was ever my opinion that the Enemy would come round on our right 
flank, this opinion I often gave the General. I wrote him that 
morning that it was clearly my opinion ; I sent him two Messages to 
the same purpose in the forenoon, & the first Intelligence I received 
that they were actually coming that way, I instantly communicated 
to him ; after which the General sent me word to cross the Brandy- 
wine with my Division, & attack the Enemy's left, while the Army 
crossed below me, to attack their right, this I was preparing to do, 
when Major Spear came to me & informed that he was from the 
upper Country, that he had come in the road where the Enemy must 
have passed to attack our right, and that there was not the least 
Appearance of them in that quarter; and added, that General Wash- 
ington had sent him out for the purpose of discovering whether 
the Enemy were in that quarter : The account was confirmed by 
a Sergt Tucker of the light Horse, sent by me on purpose to 
make discoveries, & had passed, as he said, to the Lancaster Road ; 
This Intelligence did by no means alter my opinion, which was 
founded not upon any knowledge I had of the facts, but upon an Ap- 
prehension that Gen 1 Howe would take the advantage which any 
good officer, in his situation, would have done. I considered how- 
ever that if my opinion, or the Intelligence I had sent the General, 
had brought him into a plan of attacking the Enemy on the advan- 
tageous Heights they were possessed of, & a defeat thence follow, 



158 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

that I should be justly censured for withholding from him part of the 
Intelligence I had received, and thereby brought on the defeat of our 
Army : I therefore set down and wrote Major Spear's account from 
his own mouth, and forwarded it to his Excellency by a Light Horse- 
man, and ordered the Major to follow himself ; I never made a com- 
ment, or gave my opinion upon the matter. Col Harrison Member 
from Virginia, is possessed of a Copy of the Letter, as the Gen ls Aid 
de Camp informs me. I beg Congress to see it, and then judge 
whether I could have been excused for withholding that Intelligence, 
merely because my opinion did not coincide with the declaration. 
Had the General crossed over, left his own advantageous post, (when 
I considered to oppose an Enemy in front,) and found the whole 
British Army well posted on his front, & his Army put to the rout, 
having a River unfordable in rear, except in one or two places, and 
most of his Troops pushed into it, which must inevitably have been 
the case, if he was defeated ; I say if this had all happen'd, which was 
at least possible, and he had afterward found out that I had rec d and 
withheld the Intelligence which might have prevented the Misfor- 
tune, & demanded my reasons, I believe I never should have been 
able to give one which would be satisfactory to him, to Congress, or 
the World. I know it to be part of my duty to give him every In- 
telligence I receive without withholding any part of it, because it 
does not coincide with my own opinion. And I as well know it is ex- 
ceeding hard to be censured for doing my duty, which has been too 
much the case with me since I have been in the army. I must beg leave 
to make an observation upon the latter part of Col Price's Testimony 
respecting the Staten Island Expedition ; he gave it as his opinion, 
that one Brigade should have recrossed where we crossed in the 
Morning. When it is known that Gen 1 Smallwood had retreated 
two miles & a half from the Fork of the Road that leads there, in 
order to form a Junction with me ; that part of the Enemy kept even 
with him all the way ; & the residue followed in his rear ; that they 
were between him, and the ferry, and on his flank, had he been sent 
back. It requires no great share of Military Knowledge to see the 
Madness of separating my force, & sending one part to be first sacri- 
ficed, that the other might afterwards be cut to pieces with the 
greater ease. I must add to this, that a Tender lay near that place, 
which in ten minutes might have been compleatly possessed of the 
place we had crossed at, & have prevented all possibility of pass- 
ing : What must have been the fate of this Brigade, if I had ordered 
them over in that place, and marched the other off at the distance of 
eight Miles, may easily be conceived. I have ever conceived it dan- 
gerous, when it remains doubtful, whether the whole force, under an 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 159 

officer's Command, is capable to combat with and vanquish the 
Enemy, to divide his force, and send them by different Routs, & put 
it in the power of the Enemy to follow either party with an assurance 
of their own Superiority of Numbers, & the certainty of the In- 
feriority of the party they wish to destroy. I have been thus par- 
ticular because I know some of my officers have censur'd my conduct 
because I did not adopt the plan mentioned by Col Price I hope 
Congress will excuse the length of my Letter, as they will not, in 
future, be troubled with many Letters from 

Your most Obed* Serv' 

John Sullivan 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq're 



[Ibid p. 139.] [Proceedings of a Court of Enquiry '.] 

At a court of Enquiry held by Order of his Excellency General 
Washington, to Examine into The Conduct of Major General Sulli- 
van, in the Expedition Commanded by him to Staten Island, in the 
month of August last, held in Camp at the House of Christian 
Stouffer, in the County of Philadelphia, the fourth day of August 
1 777 [This date is evidently wrong.] 

Present, Major Gen 1 Lord Sterling President 
Brigadier ( M c Dougal Colonels I S P encer 

Generals, \ Knox ' is ' j Clark 

Ordered that the General Order for the Holding this Court be En- 
tered on the minutes of this Court, and is as follows. 

A Court of enquiry Consisting of four members, and Major Gen- 
eral Lord Sterling president, to set at 12 o'clock to day at the Presi- 
dents Quarters, & examine into the Conduct of Major Gen 1 Sullivan, 
in the Expedition commanded by him to Staten Island, in the month 
of August last. Major Taylor, & others, who can give Information 
of this matter, are to attend ; But if the Court see cause to postpone 
the examination for want of Evidence, (after hearing what Major 
Taylor has to urge upon that head) they are to do it accordingly. 

Head Quarters Octo r io th 1777 
Members 
Major Gen 1 L d Sterling President 



Gen 1 M c Dougal, Gen 1 Knox 
Col Spencer Col Clark 



Tim : Pickering A. G. 



I6O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Ordered that Gen 1 Sullivan, and Major Taylor be notified, that 
Court is sitting, and that their attendance is requested. At half 
past one p. M. Gen 1 Sullivan attended, haveing been detained by the 
funeral of Major White Major Taylor appears at the Court, about 
half past 3 O'Clock p. M. and asserting that his evidences were not 
ready the Court adjourned 'till to-morrow morning 8 O'Clock to 
meet at the same Place. - 

October II th 1777 The Court met according to adjournment, 
present as before. Major Taylor delivers to the Court a written Nar- 
rative of the Expedition to Staten Island which is in the following 
words, in the Papers Marked A*- 

Major Taylor being asked, whether he knew any other Person who 
can Corroborate the fact mentioned in his Narrative, Said Col Hall, 
the Elder, Col Stone L* Col Smith, Major Forrest, all of whom are 
absent from the Camp & Major Read Captain Chambers, who are in 
Camp. 

General Sullivan said, that in order to expedite the Business, and 
prevent delay, he admit that if the Gent" mentioned now to be absent 
were all present, would each of them deliver in a paper similar to the 
one delivered in by Major Taylor. 

Cap 1 Chambers attending was called upon, & gave the Testimony 
Contained in the Paper marked B. 

Major Reed attending was called upon & gave the Testimony 
Contained in the Paper marked C. 

General Sullivan then began his account of the Expedition, in 
course of which, he produced the written Testimony of the following 
Persons viz* 

Major Sherburns D. General Smallwoods marked E 

M r Armstrongs - F. Major Morris G 

Major Eustace - H. Col Price's - I 

Major Adams - K. Major Vaughan - L 

Major Sterrett - M. 

He also produced Col Ogclen who declared, that he had the after- 
noon before by General Sullivan been made acquainted with the 
Plan of the Expedition, and that he had approved of it, that it is 
opinion, that the Enemy had it in their Power whenever our Troops, 
should attempt to retreat, to fall on our Rear, as there was not boats 
sufficient to take off the Troops, but at several trips. Col Ramsey 
also appeared, his account in general was very similar to the Papers, D. 
E. F. & G. but adds that the Confusion at the Church, mentioned by 

[* The papers designated by letters will follow the proceedings of the Court in regular 
order. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. l6l 

Cap 1 Chambers was nothing but the men getting a Drink of Water, 
by Gen 1 Smallwood's leave, & that Major Woodson was appointed to, 
& did superintend the Reimbarkation of the Troops, in the retreat, 
& that he being in the second Regiment of the first Brigade, 
which passed, & saw Major Woodson active in the Service - 
Major Morris, & Doer Armstrong being further examined Declare 
-That no Horses belonging to Gen 1 Sullivan, or any of his family 
[his staff] was carried over to Staten Island, and therefore that it 
became necessary to get Horses on the Island, to mount the General 
& his Aid de Camps, which was accordingly done, but those Horses 
were left on the Island. Gen 1 Sullivan having ordered, that not any 
Horses should be brought from the Island, untill all the men were 
sent off. That this order was obey'd in every Instance in Gen 1 Sul- 
livan's family, excepting one, which was a Horse of Major Eustace, 
sent off by mistake of the officer Conducting the Embarkation. 
They likewise declare, that immediately after their Return from 
Staten Island, Gen 1 Sullivan took every measure necessary to furnish 
his Troops with provision, & to refresh them, and for this purpose 
ordered the whole of his Troops to assemble at Elizabeth Town, that 
Gen 1 Smallwood with his Brigade did actually go to Elizabeth Town, 
and was there furnished with Provisions, but that General Borre 
contrary to his positive Orders, did march off towards Chatham, on 
hearing of which, Gen 1 Sullivan expressed his displeasure, and im- 
mediately sent -orders to Gen 1 De Borre to halt his Troops at Spring- 
field, where plenty of Provisions were provided for him, that Gen 1 
De Borre, instead of obeying his Orders, sent word back, that his 
Troops were on their March, and that they should go to Chatham, 
and that this was the Reason why the march of that Brigade was so 
greatly prolonged before they were refreshed. 

The Court adjourned 'till to-morrow morning 9 O' Clock. 
October I2th 1777. The Court met according to adjournment, 
& proceeded to examine the written Evidence, in support of the 
Charge, and in exculpation of Gen 1 Sullivan, and in comparing them 
together, and after having spent some hours therein, came to the fol- 
lowing opinion which is the Paper N signed by the members 

Sterling 

Alex r M c Dougall 
Henry Knox 
Oliver Spencer 
T. Clarke 

[In Congress, September 13, 1777, General Washington was di- 
rected to order a court of enquiry to examine into the conduct of 
11 



1 62 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

General De Borre, who was in the meanwhile to be under arrest. 
He immediately resigned, and his resignation was accepted. ED.] 

[Ibid. p. 140.] 

[Major Taylor s Statement. Document Marked A.] 

Major Taylor (i) that about sunset at Hanover, the day before 
General Sullivans Division marched of for Staten Island, orders 
were given them to draw three days provision of salt meat if to be 
had, and parade with their blankets and provision cooked at twelve 
OClock the next day ; the provisions could not be obtained untill 
the next day, & then fresh only were issued. (2) the troops marched 
of about three OClock down to Halsteads point, halting about 
fifteen minutes at Chatham and about half an hour near the point. 

(3) General De Borres Brigade had got over before sunrise and 
were marched off to attack Col Barton (?) about this time there was 
a firing heard, supposed to be Col Ogden. General De Borres Bri- 
gade attacked Col Barton between 8 and 9, instantly dispersed his 
party, and pursued him down to the new Blazing Star, from which 
place General Sullivan sent two Soldiers in a Canoe, with a broken 
paddle, to the place where his Division had crossed with orders for 
the Boats and Waggons to proceed down to the old Blazing Star. 

(4) Near this place an aider, M r Armstrong came to General Sullivan 
and informed him, that the enemy were endeavouring to surround the 
other Brigade near the cross roads, whither we were instantly ordered, 
and told by General Sullivan that we should have something to do 
when the two Brigades met at the cross roads they were ordered 
towards the old Star, whither they marched in the utmost confusion, 
de Borres Brigade stopping only half an hour at Cuckolds Town, 
and marching again before the rear guard came up, which consisted 
of about 30 or 40 light Infantry of Col Hazens Reg t an anxiety for 
whose safety caused Major Taylor to apply to the General several 
times (5) Much time was lost in returning from the Island, in con- 
sequence of no Officers being appointed to superintend the Embark- 
ation & disembarkation of the Troops early enough, as much supposing 
the enemy to have appeared when they did as would have brought 
of the whole of the Men. (6) the men were scattered exceedingly for 
the purpose of plundering, to prevent which no orders were given in 
hearing of Major Taylor (7) when the enemy appeared on the 
Island the troops on this side were marched down in the Marsh, 
when two men were killed with the enemys Cannon. (8) the troops 
marched on about eight miles after they crossed where they remained 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 163 

till sunrise, when DeBorres Brigade marched up to Chatham, in this 
round which consisted of about 60 or 70 miles the troops had no 
opportunity of refreshing them selves, except one, and even at Chat- 
ham no provision was made for them (9) Major Taylor is of opin- 
ion that the march of twenty seven miles 22 with blankets arid 
three days provisions precedent to an action is too much that making 
such an attack without carrying matters to extremity by which 
means a long and dangerous retreat became necessary was ill advised. 
That if Colonel Ogdens firing commenced at sunrise, it was im- 
possible for General Sullivan, who was twelve miles off, and had an 
action to go through, to support him, that the way the Division came 
on the Island was most advisable to retreat by, because it was short, 
because a gut ran through the Marsh, which was crossed over a Boat 
by way of Bridge, which taken away would have prevented pursuit, 
& because the straggling men were likely to go that way. 

John Taylor 
[Endorsed "Major Taylors Evidence A. N 4"] 



{Ibid. p. 141.] Cap** Chamber s Evidence B. N 5. 

October nth 1777 

Captain Benjamin Chambers of Colonel Hazen's Regiment, says 
that the Brigade to which he belonged, marched from Hanover, in 
New Jersey about 3 P. M. the twenty first of August last, to Chatham, 
and halted there half an hour, from thence they marched within one 
mile of Elizabeth Town, leaving it on the left hand, there halted 
half an hour, where they found General Smallwoods Brigade resting, 
from this they marched in the rear of General Smallwoods Brigade 
to Halstead's point, and halted a little distance from it, as that 
Brigade was Crossing the sound to Staten Island ; soon after the 
Brigade to which he belonged Crossed also, leaving their packs 
behind, but before they Crossed two Companies of light Infantry 
belonging to this Brigade were ordered out with a guide under him 
Captain Chambers, to take General Skinner, at his Quarters, when 
he got on the Island, he was informed by one of Inhabitants, that 
General Skinner had shifted his Quarters, upon this intelligence he 
was ordered to march with the said Companies of light Infantry as 
an advanced guard to General Smallwoods Brigade, till they arrived 
to the Dutch Church at the Mills where a British Regiment of Foot 
and some new levies were posted, upon the advanced guard coming 



164 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

within 1 50 yards of the enemy they retired over a Bridge, and were 
pursued by the advanced guard 1 50 yards beyond it, the Brigade 
halted at the Bridge, immediately after he was ordered by General 
Smallwood to return to the Brigade, when the General ordered a 
Reg 1 to watch the motion of the enemy at the Bridge, the rest of the 
Brigade retired in a disorderly manner to the Church, where they 
scattered to collect Clothes & Water out of the neighbouring Houses, 
about one hundred yards distance, after a quarter of an hours rest 
& near the Church, he understood that General Smallwoods Brigade 
had retired on the same road they advanced, when he came near the 
forks of the road leading to the New Blazing Star, he heard some 
arms discharged in the rear, which induced him to halt his men, soon 
after General Sullivan came to him on the Road from the New Blaz- 
ing Star, and asked him what was the firing in the rear, he answered 
he thought it to be some of our own men who were Drunk, upon 
which General Sullivan ordered him to halt there, to let the straglers 
pass by, and bring them up to the rear guard, which he accordingly 
did for an Hour, in this time a considerable number of officers and 
men came on and passed by him when he brought the straglers to 
the rear Guards, he retired to join his Regiment which was just em- 
barking when he came to the Old Blazing Star Ferry, he and his 
company's followed in the next Boat when he got on the Jersey 
side General Sullivan asked him if he had seen anything of the 
enemy, he replied in the negative, the General then asked him 
whether he had brought on all the straglers as he ordered him, he 
answered he had, all those who were able to walk, and Waggons 
were sent for the lame. 

Benj Chambers 



[Ibid. p. 142.] Major Reed's Testimony. C. N 6. 

Camp nth October 1777 

Previous to our setting out on the expedition, I myself was Indis- 
posed having the Ague and Fever upon me, and lay in a house 
adjacent to the Camp so that I know nothing of the orders given or 
preparations made for the expedition we marched I think between 
three & four O Clock p. M. and proceeded to a small village the name 
of which I do not recollect, neither can I ascertain the distance. We 
halted there and our people grounded their arms, when they received 
orders to march in fifteen minutes. I took the minutes from my 
watch, but observed it was thirty Minutes when they lifted their 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 165 

arms, we then proceeded to a place near Elizabeth Town where we 
halted longer, our provision was ordered to be left there, when we 
marched down to the sound and began to throw over the troops, 
which was not accomplished 'till near sun rising. General Small- 
woods Brigade was in Front and marched towards the uper end of the 
Island. General Sullivan with General De Borre's Brigade marched 
a different rout, when we had proceeded about a mile we heard Col- 
onel Ogden at work towards the lower end of the Island, a few min- 
utes after we saw some Hessians [in] the wood through which we 
marched, and one of General Sullivans Aids told one of my people to 
go and catch one for the General, he went and caught one, we had 
not gone far before the Generals Aids had procured Horses for them- 
selves, however we soon discovered some of Colonel Bartons People 
and I being in front the General ordered me to pursue, which I did 
untill I came within sight of their main Body where I waited for our 
People ; when they came forward we advanced and the enemy 
thought proper to retreat in a very disorderly manner so that our 
people pursued them in several directions, when I came opposite to 
where they were drawn up, I found a Horse Saddled which I mounted, 
but being much fatigued, and knowing the enemy to be much inferior 
in numbers, I followed no further but went to the House where they 
rendevouzed to take an Inventory of their Stores, which when I had 
done I joined the Brigade, they were then returning from their pur- 
suit, and a great many of the Soldiers had Horses and plunder of 
different kinds, we then set out the same road we had come, and in a 
short time met General Smallwoods Brigade, which turned about and 
the Division marched to the road that lead from the uper end of the 
Island to the lower Blazing Star Ferry where contrary to my expecta- 
tions they turned down, I then enquired of the Inhabitants how far 
it was to the Blazing Star they told me 9 miles. I observing General 
De Borre to be much fatigued, offered him the Horse I had, which 
he accepted. I had not marched far before I percieved my strength 
fail, so that I was obliged to fall towards the rear where I saw our 
people in a scattered disorderly and dangerous situation, I made up 
of every effort then in my power to curb the licentiousness, and stop 
the greedy grasp of our Soldiery, but found they had such a propen- 
sity to plunder that my exertions were ineffectual, however I pro- 
ceeded to a small Village called Cuckolds Town, when I came there 
the troops were gone. I myself with a few others stayed there 
about fifteen minutes, when I heard Capt. Heron of the Regiment to 
which I belong was killed or made prisoner in our rear ; Cap* Old- 
ham and myself got horses and went back, we had not gone far 
before we met Cap 1 Chambers with the light Company of our Regi- 



1 66 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

ment. I asked him if there were any of our people behind, he said 
there were, we went on but soon discovered a party in a woods about 
a quarter of a mile from the road whom we took to be the enemy 
attempting to hang on our rear, I called back our light Company to 
skirmish with them till our straggling rear should get out of the way, 
but finding them to be our own people sent them forward telling 
them their danger, we then went back about a mile and a half where 
we met some soldiers who said they were so overcome with hunger 
and fatigue, that they could go no further, but we perswaided them 
to rise and hurried them on till we came within sight of Cuckolds 
Town when we left them and followed our Army, our People were 
then scattered from that place to the ferry, at which place when I 
arrived our Regiment was Crossing over and I embarked and came 
over to this side, shortly after I came over, I saw the enemy appear. 
I took particular notice of the ground, which on this side did not 
command that on the other, but notwithstanding if we had had our 
artillery considering the timidity of those Green Coats, I thought we 
could prevent their coming forward before our people might get over 

James R. Reed. 



[Ibid. p. 143.] 

Major SJierburne s Testimony. D. N 7 

Camp near Newport 6 th Sept r 1777. 

On Wednesday the 19 th of August 1777 I was desired by Major 
General Sullivan to write a note to the Brigadiers Smallwood & De- 
borre desiring them with their Brigades (such only as were able to 
endure a march) to Parade at Head Quarters at 12 O Clock the next 
day with their knapsacks & two days Provisions Cook'd, leaving their 
Tents standing. On Thursday the 2O th of August the General noti- 
fied to his family [staff] to ride Giving out word that the Troops 
were to march to the Southward and he was himself a going forward 
(now I have reason to suppose that the true intention of this move 
was made known to Gen 1 Smallwood the evening before, as he and 
Gen 1 Sullivan were in close Conference for some considerable time, 
& I understood from the Gen 1 afterwards that the Troops had orders 
to march precisely at 12 OClock) Agreeable to the Genl s order his 
Aid followed him, he taking the Road leading to Morristown 
about 21 miles, when turning to the left we proceeded to Chatham & 
from thence to Elizabeth Town, where the Gen 1 calling his Aid de 
Camps let them into his Intentions, Informing them that the Troops 
were to be near the Town about dark & that he had form'd a design 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. l6/ 

to make a Desent on Staten Island, that he with his Division was to 
embark from Halsteads point & make a landing on the opposite 
shore, while Col. Ogden with his own & Col. Daytons Reg 1 with 
some Militia made a Landing from Old Blazing Star. The plan was 
then, that after the Troops had made good their Land'g Col. Ogden 
with his party was to surround L* Col. Lawrence and his party & lay 
still while light, & then make what prisoners he could, after which he 
was to attack Col. Duncan & Allen and then proceed down the sound 
in order to form a junction with General Sullivans Division. In the 
mean time Gen 1 Sullivan was to dispose of his Division in the follow- 
ing manner (to wit) afcer gaining the main post road from the 
Marshes, Gen 1 Smallwood was to file off to the left : taking the Road 
leading to Dickers ferry where Baskirk was posted with his Reg* 
in order to surprise and make Prisoners as many as he could, in the 
meantime General Sullivan at the Head of Gen 1 Deborres Brigade was 
to file of to the right, & taking the Road leading to the new Blazing 
Star in order to surprise Col. Barton with his party after which he 
was to march back and cover Gen 1 Smallwoods retreat in case t 
should be necessary, Capt 11 Barnett with a party of the L* Infantry of 
Col. Hazens Reg 1 was to surprise Gen 1 Skinner who the Gen 1 under- 
stood kept at one Wards The Gen 1 having told his Aid de Camps 
this in the presence of Col. Ogden & some other officers who he 
thought proper to call in, in order to consult with them about the 
Boats &c, &c. 

Between the hours of Nine & Ten in the evening word was 
brought that the troops had arriv'd, on which the General ordered 
them to refresh themselves and lay still untill further orders ; to the 
best of my remembrance the two Brigades had orders to be at Hal- 
steads point precisely at two O Clock, at the hour appointed Gen 1 
Smallwoods Brigade made its appearance, followed after by Gen 1 De- 
borre and his Brigade between two and three the Troops began their 
Embarkation ; the Gen 1 in Person assisting in ordering the Boats and 
seeing them properly stowed & Requesting the officers & soldiers to 
be silent as the success of the Expedition depended on their avoid- 
ing a Discovery ; Gen 1 Smallwoods Brigade having got over, Gen 1 
Deborres Brigade began their Embarkation the 3 d boat of which 
General Sullivan and his Aid de Camps went over in, first giving the 
necessary orders to the Commanding Officers behind how to conduct 
himself in getting his Troops over. I think from the time we 
began our Embarkation to the time we Compleated it did not 
exceed one and a half hours 

The Troops from Halsteads point had to land on a marsh and then 
to march several mile crossing a small creek before we could reach 



1 68 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

the main road, the occasion of Gen 1 Sullivans going over before all 
the Troops had got over, was in order to give General Smallwood his 
directions & Rout, & to give Capt n Barnett his Command who was 
to surprise Skinner. Gen 1 Sullivan having given Gen 1 Smallwood 
his necessary order and a Pilot to conduct him, & Barnett his order 
he sent them off, and Returned to the marsh where waiting a few 
minutes Gen 1 Deborre hove in sight with his Brigade, all the part of 
them were considerably in the rear Gen 1 Deborre having got up & 
after waiting a few minutes for a Pilot who had gone to put the other 
Troops in the proper road as their Pilot was not acquainted with the 
road from off the marsh ; after waiting a few minutes for him the 
Gen 1 ordered the Brigade to march we picking out the Road as well 
as we could untill the Pilot returned who went with us afterwards, 
we proceeded on our march for several mile when we discovered part 
of the Enemy Flying, the General perceiving it ordered Col. Price 
to file off to the right with his Reg 1 in order to intercept the En- 
emies retreat, after which the General Pushed on the Troops until he 
discovered a Party of the enemy Paraded in a cornfield, the Troops 
were anxious to push on but the Gen 1 thought proper to order a 
party to file off to the left in order to get on the Enemies right flank, 
they perceiving the Generals intention threw down their arms and 
ran away. L 1 Col. Barton who commanded that party surrendered 
himself a prisoner of war as did a number of his men who could not 
effect their escape. The Gen 1 understanding there was a party of 
the Enemy at the point he ordered his troops to push on which they 
did but to little purpose for the enemy had made their escape in 
Boats we only taking a few that could not effect it, the General find- 
ing how matters stood, returned with his Troops by the same Road 
that he went, in order to meet Col. Ogden with his party As I 
understood from the Gen 1 that he had sent Major Eustace to Col. 
Ogden to hasten his march but Eustace returning very soon after re- 
ported to the General, that he could not procure a Boat to cross the 
Creek ; but on the march the General was met by M r Armstrong (a 
volunteer with General Smallwood) with word from Gen 1 Smallwood 
that the enemy were endeavouring to surround him and begged he 
would form a junction as soon as possible, upon which the Gen 1 
pushed on with his Troops in order to effect it which he did within 
half a mile of the Crotch of the Road, one of which leads to 
Dickers Ferry, the other to the Old Blazing Star which the Gen 1 
took in hopes of meeting Co]. Ogden with his party but being dis- 
appointed he pushed for Cuckolds Town, half a mile the other side 
the General ordered me to direct Gen 1 Smallwood to take possession 
of the heights on the right & rest his men, he also ordered me to 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 169 

give the like orders to Gen 1 Deborre only he was to take the 
heights on the left, having made a halt for some considerable 
time (sufficient for the men to rest) the Gen 1 ordered the Troops 
to march having about 4 miles to march to the Old Blazing 
Star, which when we arrived at, the Gen 1 ordered me to post a 
Picquett upon the heights back of the Ferry for the security of 
our Embarkation which I did, Consisting of one field officer and one 
hundred men, in our way from Cuckolds town I remark'd to the 
General, that I percieved a number of stragglers behind, some of 
whom would not get up unless there was waggons sent for them, 
upon which the General ordered me to dispatch some waggons back 
for them which I did, and as I brought up the rear the last of any 
officer to Cuckolds town, I did not perceive any stragglers untill I 
discovered them about one quarter of a mile the other side of the 
Town upon the strength of which I told the Gen 1 as before men- 
tioned ; We began our Embarkation The Gen 1 ordered me to 
appoint some officer to superintend it, which I did appointing a Major 
from Col. Hazens Reg 1 giving him his directions also desired him to 
appoint the officers to act with him. The Gen 1 tarried on the Island 
while Gen 1 Smallwoods Brigade Crossed, he himself going in the first 
boat that crossed with Gen 1 Deborrs men in order to see that the 
boats were properly managed there, on the Generals landing he 
ordered one of his Aid de Camps to tarry & see the boats off while 
he went up to the Troops that had crossed in order to dispatch some 
messenger for the Provisions that had not arrived agreeable to an 
order they had received before, to be at the Old Blazing Star that 
afternoon 

The Troops having all got over excepting a very few beside the 
Pickett guard, & the Gen 1 from the opposite shore discovering the 
enemy to heave in sight, ordered me down to the boats and see that 
they were double mann'd. I accordingly obey'd the Genl s order 
double mann'd the boats & used my endeavour to get ,them off but 
was all in vain, two boats went off they never reach'd the opposite 
shore, being as I suppose, terrified by the Enemies incessent fire 
from their artillery & small arms, the General finding how the 
matter stood on the marsh came down himself and used his Influence 
in getting the boats over ordered the men to fire on them which they 
did but all in vain ; all y e arguments the threats &c. that the Gen 1 
could make use of answered to no purpose the boats did not get over, 
but ran ashore at the upper end of the marsh & left a small Pickett 
to defend themselves against an Enemy more than Twenty to one 
odds ; The enemy finding how matters stood with our little party 
that was left as it were to their mercy pushed them to the utmost 



I/O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

and were repulsed with bravery that would do honour to veteran 
Troops, but being overpowered with numbers & all their ammunition 
being expended, those that did not chuse to surrender threw them- 
selves into the sound & swam over & many took to the woods & have 
since got over 

Quest. Did you see the Gen 1 ride up & speak to the Officer 
Command'g the Rear guard after the Division had gained the main 
road & were passing on for Cuckolds Town 

Answ. I did 

Quest. What was the Distance from thence to Cuckolds Town 

Answ. About four miles 

Quest. Did not the General give express orders that no Horses or 
Cattle should be carried over till the Troops had all Crossed 

Answ. He did 

Quest. Did not you deliver those orders to the officer appointed to 
superintend the Embarkation when he was appointed 

Answ. I did 

Quest. Did the General give those orders as soon as he came to 
the Ferry 

Answ. He did 

Quest. Could Cannon have been used by us to advantage in 
Covering the. Crossing of the Troops 

Answ. They could not 

Edw d Sherburne De A. G. 

[Major Sherburne was Aid de Camp to General Sullivan. He was 
mortally wounded in the battle at Germantown, and died October 5, 
1777. ED.] 

[Ibid. p. 144.] 

General Smalhvoods Testimony E. N 8. 

Interrogatories to Gen 1 Smallwood 

Quest. Did Gen 1 Sullivan let you into the whole Plan "of attacking 
Staten Island & take your opinion upon the Practicability of it pre- 
vious to his issuing orders for the Troops to prepare |for marching. 

Ans. He did not as well as I can recollect I received Gen 1 Sul- 
livans orders thro' Major Sherburne to draw out all such soldiers in 
my Brigade as were able to stand a march & provide them with three 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. I /I 

days Provision, & Rum, Cook'd & to Parade them at 12 O'Clock 
next day at his Quarters compleatly armed & accoutred to march 
with no other baggage, but Blankets, at the same time received his 
Billet, requiring my attendance on him immediately, which was com- 
ply'd with as soon as I had given the above order ; when he opened 
his design & took my opinion, & understood similar orders were sent 
to the other Brigade. 

Quest. Was your opinion in favour of or against the attempt 

Ans. Strongly in favour of it from an impression it was advisable 
and Practicable. 

Quest. Did he issue orders the Evening before the march for the 
Troops to draw Provision & have it Cook'd & the troops to be in 
readiness to march at 12 O'Clock next day 

Ans. He did 

Quest. Did you send him word by the Brigade Major in the 
morning that your Troops would be ready to march by 1 1 O'Clock. 

Ans. I did. 

Quest. How much nearer was Gen 1 Deborres Brigade encamped 
to the Commissarys stores than yours. 

Ans. I think at least a mile and an half if not more. 

Quest. Did the General give you orders to send off the Troops 
from Hanover, towards Elizabeth Town, at 12 O'Clock, by regiments, 
companies, or in such manner as you thought best to prevent the sus- 
picion of the Inhabitants, & to rendezvous them back of Eliz th 
Town in the Evening. 

Ans. Every order comprised under the above question he gave, ex- 
cept rendezvousing back of Elizabeth Town, which I did not recol- 
lect. However I ordered the Troops to be halted there, and rode into 
Town to take his further Orders, from which it is probable he might 
have given such orders, notwithstanding I cannot remember it. 

Quest. Was it not your opinion that if the Troops were moved 
towards Elizabeth Town, & halted, so as to proceed upon the attack 
on a subsequent day, that it would be likely to alarm the Enemy, & 
defeat our designs, & was not this the Reason why we determined to 
do the whole in a day & night & the next morning. 

Ans. Ultimately it was, but I was of a different opinion when 
the design was first communicated, lest the men should be too much 
fatigued, & not act with that vigor & alacrity, which is necessary in all 
attacks of this nature, but for the reasons above suggested on this 
Quest 11 waved my opinion, and the attack was accordingly deter- 
mined. 



172 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Quest. What time did your Troops arrive at Elizabeth Town 

Ans. About ten O'Clock at night. 

Quest. At what time did your Troops begin to Embark 

Ans. As near as I can recollect between 2 & 3 O Clock in the 
morning. 

Quest. Did Gen 1 Sullivan immediately upon the arrival of the 
Troops at Elizabeth Town give orders, that they should sit down, Eat, 
& refresh themselves, & did not he leave them in that situation till 
you said it was time to move on. - 

Ans. He did. - 

Quest. Did General Sullivan exert himself in Embarking the 
Troops or not. 

Ans. He did I think very much. 

Quest. Did you hear him frequently give orders to Officers & 
Soldiers to keep together, to be silent, & attentive to the Com- 
mands of their superior officers. 

Ans. I did. 

Quest. Did he endavourto Chear up the soldiers, & promise them 
success if they would be silent, keep together, and attend to the 
Commands of their officers. 

Ans. He did. 

Quest. Did he when your Brigade had Crossed, pass over the 
Marsh on to the high ground, give the word to be used, furnish you 
with a guide, give you your directions, and order you to march on, 
and then return himself to bring up the other Brigade. 

Ans. He did. 

Quest. Was his arrangement on the Island agreeable to the Plan 
which he had consulted you upon. 

Ans. As well as I can charge my memory it was in every 
instance, except his going with Gen 1 Debories Brigade instead of 
mine, w ch he at first proposed, but from his ill state of Health, 
informed me he could not stand the fatigue, & urging it was more 
necessary to be with Deborie 

Quest. Did your Guide deceive you & was not he in your opinion 
the sole means of your failure to entrap the Regm* at Deckers 
Ferry. 

Ans. He did, and am well assured it was the sole cause of 
my not taking the British Regiment above Dongan's Mills, and the 
greatest part of Buskirks Regiments at the Dutch Church. 

Quest. Did you send M r Armstrong to inform Gen 1 Sullivan that 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 1/3 

the enemy were trying to get on ' your flanks, & you wished him to 
join you as soon as he conveniently could. 

Ans. I directed M r Armstrong to inform Gen 1 Sullivan that the 
enemy were endeavouring to Flank & get below us, that I should re- 
treat in good order agreeable to the Plan concerted, that I should 
proceed to join him but if he chose to join me, we should be able to 
fight and give a good account of them. 

Quest. When you met him did you tell him that the men were so 
much fatigued and the enemy had so much time to collect that it 
would be at least doubtful whether we should be an equal match for 
them without forming a Junction with Col Ogden. 

Ans. I did not as I remember, nor did I then, or have since 
thought such a measure would have been necessary. 

Quest. Had Col Ogden recrossed with most of his troops when 
we came to the Old Blazing Star. 

Ans. I think (but can't be certain) he had crossed, but am sure 
most of his Troops had. 

Quest. Was not the Original Plan to form a Junction with Ogden. 

Ans. It was. 

Quest. Did the Gen 1 form the troops in two lines near Cuckolds 
Town, and halt them, & how long. 

Ans. I do not remember the troops were formed, otherwise than 
in the order of march, at or near Cuckolds Town. I recollect they 
were halted to refresh in an orchard by the road between Cuckholds 
Town, and the Old Blazing Star. 

Quest. Did the Gen 1 immediately upon his arrival at the Ferry, 
order that no more Horses should Cross until the men were all over, 
and appoint an Officer to Superintend the Embarkation. 

Ans. Such orders were repeatedly given, both by the General & 
myself. 

Quest. Did the General when he discovered a boat forsaken by 
the Boatmen on the opposite shore, after the first Brigade had 
crossed, desire you to cross with him. 

Ans. He did. 

Quest. Did he and you put men in the boat and send her back. 

Ans. We did, and found some difficulty in getting her off. 

Quest. Did he leave two of his Aid de Camps to Superintend the 
Return of the boats from the Jersey Shore. 

Ans. I heard him give orders, at least to one, if not two of his 
Aid de Camps to that purpose. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Quest. Did he send a third Aid de Camp to order the boats to be 
double mann'd. 

Ans. I understood he did, but dont recollect I was present at the 
delivery of such an order, but I well remember that an officer or two 
besides the Aid de Camps &c were sent on this Express purpose. 

Quest. Do you know, or even suspect that Gen 1 Sullivan gave 
Liberty to the Soldiers to straggle over the Island, or to Plunder. 

Ans. I neither knew or suspected either. 

Quest. Did you on the contrary hear him Exhort the soldiers to 
keep together & tell them they would soon come to action with 
the Enemy. 

Ans. I heard him Exhort, and Order, the soldiers to be kept in 
their ranks, but dont recollect his telling them they would soon come 
to action. 

Quest. Do you think it would have been safe to have lost time in 
Endeavouring to bring the Enemy to Action which kept off your left 
flank, or could your troops fatigued as they were have compelled 
them to an Action, if they chose to avoid it. 

Ans. I do not think it would have been advisable to have lost 
time in endeavour'g to bring y e Enemy to Action, nor do I think our 
troops could have bro 1 them to it with 1 being much exposed for I ap- 
prehend they would have retreated to gain advantage &c. 

[P- I45-] 

Quest. Was not the Rear Guard composed of a Party selected in 
the night, & put under the Command of Cap 1 Chambers, & Cap 1 
Heron, to take Gen 1 Skinner. 

Ans. Cap 1 Heron's Comp^ I believe composed a part, and Cham- 
bers might, but he is an Officer. I dont know, & therefore can't be 
certain whether it was his Comp y or not. 

Quest. If Captain Heron, & the other Officers taken, or killed 
near Duckers ferry had obeyed your orders, and marched with the 
Brigade, would there been any probability of their being taken. 

Ans. I am certain they would not have been taken, and it is prob- 
able not killed. 

Quest. Was it not thought advisable by yourself & the other offi- 
cers, when the enemy appeared in sight, to march a Party down to 
the water side, to annoy the Enemy in Flank by firing across the 
River. 

Ans I thought it might have a good effect, tho' I did not expect 
it would annoy them much. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 1 /5 

Quest. If you had Cannon with you would not the Marsh on the 
Jersey side, & the superiority of the Ground the Enemy were pos- 
sessed of on the other side, have prevented your using your Cannon 
to Effect, to Cover the Embarkation of the Party engaged with the 
Enemy. 

Ans. I think in a great measure it would as the distance would 
have been too great. 

Quest. Is it your opinion that any of the misfortunes that hap- 
pened to your Troops on Staten Island, were owing to the Careless- 
ness, Inattention or Misconduct of General Sullivan. 

Ans. It is not though I believe could the Design have been ex- 
ecuted on a subsequent day without the risque of alarming the 
Enemy, when the men would have been fresh we should not have 
been subject to have lost so many. 

N. B. When you communicated your design of making a Descent 
on the Island, my first question was, whether you could depend on 
your Intelligence, and having boats, you answered affirmatively, I 
then conceded with you, that it was practicable, and advisable, and as 
well as I can recollect, proposed carrying our Cannon, & giving the 
men one nights respite, and making the Descent the next night, 
which opinions I readily waved upon your acquainting me that such 
was the Enemys communication at, and in the neighborhood of Eliz- 
abeth Town, that they must inevitably discover our design, by delay- 
ing the Execution, and that Cannon would not avail, on an Expedi- 
tion of such secrecy, and Dispatch, in short it was proposed to do 
everything by surprise and Bayonet. I am confident we should have 
got every man safe over with his Baggage & a number of Cattle & 
Horses, which were drove to the Landing, had the boats come down 
Point Halseys Ferry, as they had been ordered, and I have under- 
stood they were prevented by a sloop which was taken, and in 
which the Prisoners were sent over to Elizabeth Town, upon a sup- 
position she was one of the Enemys Tenders. 

Many have and may suppose we had a force sufficient to have 
resisted them, without Artillery ; Would not the Event been Haz- 
ardous, even though we had been pretty sure of this, when there was 
a fresh and fair wind, which might have brought a Tender, or two into 
the sound which must have prevented our Passage over - 

Harford County ss. Swan Creek September i/th 1777. 

I do hereby certifie that Brigadier General Smallwood read over, 
and made Oath to the truth of the above answers, annexed to each 
of the foregoing Questions, given the date above written. 

Joseph Cromwell. 



176 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Ibid. p. 146.] Rev* M r Armstrongs Testimony. F. N 9 

Camp near New Port Sept r 6, 1777 

On Thursday the 2O th of August Gen 1 Sullivan's division marched 
from Hanover at 12 at Noon & halted between the hour of 9 & 10 at 
Night half a mile west of Elizabeth Town About 12 at night Gen 1 
Sullivan having Previously ordered his Troops to join him at Hal- 
stead's Point, left his quarters and went to Eliz. Town in order to see 
that a suffcient number of Boats were provided to transport his 
troops in an intended expedition against the British forces upon 
Staten Island Near two in the morning the troops arrived at Hal- 
stead's point and immediately after began to embark. The Gen 1 
showed the utmost attention to the good order & activity in embark- 
ing & silence of the Troops, often telling them, by observing these 
he would insure them success. Brigadier Smallwoods Brigade in the 
rear of which the Generals Sullivan & Smallwood crossed, made the 
upland of the Island about J after 3 in the morning, & were immedi- 
ately detached by Gen 1 Sullivan with certain Cap* Dickey as Guide, 
to attack Lieu* Col Buskarks Reg* of Jersey Volunteers Posted at 
the Dutch Church, Deckers Ferry. I accompanied Gen 1 Smallwood 
as a volunteer, and nothing could have prevented this detachment 
from being as successful as the plan of the expedition entitled us, but 
the stupidity of our Guide, who instead of fulfilling the orders given 
him, by leading us between the enemy & their Forts so as to cut off 
their retreat & throw them between us and the troops immediately 
commanded by Gen 1 Sullivan, led in front, where at the short distance 
of between a \ & -|- of a \ of a mile, we were exposed to the full view 
of the enemy. by this means Buskskarks Reg* & a Regim* of British 
whose Colours we took : had just time to make a precipitate retreat 
towards their forts which lay i^- miles distant. Gen 1 Smallwood took 
possession of their encampment, and while we were delay'd by burn- 
ing some small vessells & destroying the stores & Forage which they 
left, the enemy appeared in a pretty numerous line of march evidently 
intending to surround us on the right. General Smallwood immediately 
ordered a retreat, and dispatched me on Horseback to Gen 1 Sullivan 
requesting that he would Join him, as the enemy appeared numerous 
and were endeavouring to surround him I found Gen 1 Sullivan near 
the New Star after Surprising Lieu* Col Barton, and taking him & 
some of his Regiment Prisoners upon Delivering Brigadier Small- 
woods message Gen 1 Sullivan ordered his troops to march for the road 
leading from Deckers ferry to Cuckolds Town in order to meet Gen 1 
Smallwood ; telling the Soldiers as he rode along the line of march, 
Now my lads we shall have some fun, the enemy are advancing & we 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

must give them a drubbing. Gen 1 Sullivan & Gen 1 Smallwood met 
near the fork of the aforementioned road, & after halting a few min- 
utes the division marched for Cuckolds Town where the troops halted 
a considerable time to refresh we then made the old Star I 
crossed with the last of Gen 1 Smallwoods Brigade, leaving the Gen- 
erals upon the Island. 

T. F. Armstrong Volunteer 
in the expedition against Staten Island 

Quest. What do you suppose the distance to be between the Fork 
of the road, where the troops made the small halt, to where they made 
the second halt near Cuckolds Town. 

Ans. I have not enquired but think it about 4 or 5 miles. 

Quest. Did you discover that Gen 1 Sullivan shew any signs of fear 
or confusion through the whole of the Expedition. 

Ans. Upon my honour I did not. 

Quest. Did you tell Gen 1 Sullivan that you had seen the enemy & 
there appeared to be a prodigious long string of them. 

Ans. I did. 

Quest. Did the General to your knowledge give liberty to the 
Soldiers to straggle & Plunder. 

Ans. To my knowledge he did not, and when a poor woman made 
complaint to the General he promised her Redress if either the per- 
son or things could be found. 

Quest. Did you hear him desire the officers to keep the men to- 
gether & in order to receive the enemy. 

Ans. Yes. 

Quest. Did you hear him often speak to the soldiers & request 
them to keep together & hold themselves in readiness to receive the 
enemy. 

Ans. I often heard the Gen 1 tell his troops to keep themselves 
in readiness, the enemy were advancing and we must fight them. 

Quest. If the officers & soldiers of Gen 1 Smallwood had obeyed 
the orders he gave them at Deckers ferry & came off with the Party 
would there have been any Probability of any of his Party falling 
into the hands of the enemy. 

Ans. No. T. F. Armstrong. 

[Rev. Dr. Armstrong acted as a volunteer brigade major on Gen- 
eral Smallwood's staff, on the expedition. ED.] 

12 



1/8 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Ibid, p. 147.] Major Morris* Testimony. G. N 10. 

Camp near New Port Sept r 6 th , 1777. 

Major General Sullivan having plann'd an Expedition against 
Staten Island, Ordered his Division, on the 2Oth Aug* last, to march 
to Elizabeth Town by Regiments. The General went forward him- 
self, to make the necessary preparations for the Embarkation and 
procure proper Guides, about 10 OClock in the Evening, the Divi- 
sion came into Town, and moved down to Halsteads Point where 
they remained 'till 2 O Clock in the morning, when General Small- 
wood's Brigade began to Embark, and by daylight the whole Division 
had compleatly crossed, during the Embarkation, the Gen 1 was ex- 
tremely active ; every Person must do him the Justice to acknowledge 
that he was much more so than they could have expected from an 
Invalid, which the Gen 1 certainly was at that time. After Gen 1 
Smallwood's Brigade had gained the upland, Gen 1 Sullivan ordered 
Gen 1 Smallwood to proceed with his Brigade to Deckers Ferry, and 
attack Col Bushierts Regim' ab 4 the same time, the Gen 1 ordered 
Cap* Heron & Chambers with a Party of L* Infantry which was at- 
tached the night before, from Col Hazens Regim 1 to proceed to Gen 1 
Skinner's Quart 3 & endeavour to take him Prisoner. This business 
being completed, the Gen 1 sent me down to the shore to bring up 
Gen 1 De Borres Brigade, and returned part of the way himself. 
When he gained the upland, and the dispositions made, The Gen 1 
took the Command himself of it in Person & moved on to attack 
Col Bartons Regim* at the New Blazing Star. In our march for 
that place, the Gen 1 frequently ordered the soldiers to observe the 
strictest silence, & spirited them on to the attack. Gen 1 Smallwood, 
who undoubtedly would have succeeded to our most sanguine Expec- 
tation, if his Guide had not brought him in full front of the Enemy 
instead of conducting him to the rear, this mistake gave them an 
opportunity to retreat to their Lines, upon the N East point of the 
Island, Gen 1 Smallwood took four Prisoners, burnt seven of their small 
armed vessels, & a Bagage of Forage : The Gen 1 understanding that 
the Enemy from the Lines were endeavouring to head him, thought 
it most prudent to form a Junction with Gen 1 Sullivan, which he 
effected near the New Star. Gen 1 Sullivan having compleated his 
business in that Quarter, took Col Barton & about 30 of his men 
Prisoners, ordered the Division to march for the Old Star. The 
line of march being very irregular, The Gen 1 sent me forward to halt 
the front that he might put the line in some kind of order. The 
Gen 1 between the New Star & Cuckolds Town was several times 
applied to, to halt their Division, but from the information the Gen 1 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 1 79 

received of the Enemy's Intentions to head him, did not think it 
prudent to make a halt, 'till he had passed Cuckolds Town about half 
a mile where the Division halted. One Brigade advanced a little 
before the others. The troops being rested about an hour, The 
Gen 1 ordered the Division to move on ; upon their Arrival at the Old 
Star, the Embarkation of the troops took place, and was nearly com- 
pleted when the Enemy advanced upon our Rear, consisting of about 
one hundred men, and took most of them Prisoners 

Lewis Morris A. D. C. 

Quest. When the Gen 1 arrived at the Ferry did he appoint an 
officer to superintend the Embarkation of the Troops, & give positive 
orders that no Horses or Cattle should be carried across till the 
Troops were over. 

Ans. I did not hear those orders given, but from the Concurrent 
Testimonies of many, I have no doubt of its being the case. 

Quest. When the Gen 1 crossed over himself, did he in Person put 
a proper crew of 'hands into the boats, send them over & leave you 
& Major Eustace to superintend the return of the boats. 

Ans. The crews were put in by himself. Major Eustace was ap- 
pointed to superintend the Embarkation, & I staid to assist him. 

Quest. Could Cannon have been placed on the Jersey shore to 
advantage to cover the crossing the Troops. 

Ans. The Marsh was so extensive, that they could not have an- 
swered that Purpose. 

Quest. Was General Sullivan in the rear of the Division when he 
sent you forward to slacken the march of the Troops. 

Ans. To the best of my knowledge, I think he was. *# 

Quest. Did you when you went forward by his directions, desire 
the officers & soldiers to march in order. 

Ans. I did. 

Quest. Did he forbid the soldiers stragling & plundering. 

Ans. I recollect that he did. 

Quest. What is the distance from the place where he sent you 
forward to Cuckolds Town. 

Ans. Three & half miles 

Quest. When Gen 1 Smallwood formed a Junction with Gen 1 Sul- 
livan did you hear Gen 1 Smallwood tell him that the Enemy were 
nearly up to the Fork of the road by that time. 

Ans. I recollect to have heard him say, that the Enemy were en- 
deavouring to head him. 



l8O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Quest. What reply did Gen 1 Sullivan make. 

Ans. We must fight them. 

Quest. Did you hear Gen 1 Smallwood then tell him, that the 
Enemy had had so much time to collect, & our Troops were so much 
fatigued that it would be at least doubtful whither we should drub 
them. 

I recollect something of this, and clearly remember that the Gen 1 
replied, that this Neck (meaning the Neck that the new Blazing Star 
stands upon,) was not a Post for him to maintain & immediately 
ordered the Division to march to the Old Star. - 

Lewis Morris A. D. C. 



[Ibid. p. 148.] Major Eustace 5 Testimony. H. N II. 

Camp near Newport Sept r 6, 1777 

Orders being issued by Major General Sullivan on the 2Oth of August 
for the Division to march at 1 2 the next day for Elizabeth Town & to 
avoid any suspicion arising of our intention of landing on the Island it 
was generally supposed & indeed reported that we were going to the 
southward, nor did the General make his own family acquainted with 
it till the next evening. The Division arrived at Eliz a between ten 
& eleven after the General supposed they were refreshed (for which 
he had given orders on their arrival) He marched them down to 
Halsteads Point & began to embark : This was nearly compleated by 
day break. Gen 1 Smallwoods Brigade being first in the line of march 
were consequently first on the Island : Gen 1 Sullivan having given the 
necessary orders & instructions to Gen 1 Smallwood, (after he had 
reached the high ground) he with the Guide (one Dickey) who was 
provided for him at Elizabeth Town, Pursued the nearest rout for 
Deckers ferry & the Dutch Church, where Col Buskarks Reg* was 
stationed ; Gen 1 Sullivan then dispached his aid Major Morris to 
superintend the embarkation of Deborres Brigade this was shortly 
after accomplished : when DeBorres Brigade had crossed the marsh, 
the Gen 1 making such disposition as he thought proper marched in 
Person with them to the forks of the Road, the left of which lead to 
the Dutch Church, and Deckers & was the road Gen 1 Smallwood had 
taken, the right to the new Star where Bartons Regiment was sta- 
tioned when the Gen 1 had nearly reached this, he was informed that 
the Greens were making their escape along the river side, I was im- 
mediately sent with orders to Col Price whose Reg 1 formed the rear 
of the Brigade to file off to the right & interrupt their retreat ; 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. l8l 

which he partly effected & took a few prisoners ; on our arrival at 
M r Barton Q r we found him as we expected with his Reg 1 ready to 
give us a warm reception. When Major Taylor with the advance 
Guard which he commanded were within three hundred Paces, they 
in the most Precipitate manner quitted the fence at which they were 
drawn up, without firing a shot at them. Their brave Col finding 
the probability of securing a retreat rather against him surrendered 
himself a Prisoner of war. the Green coated party consisted of 
about 50 a few of them were taken in the marsh, thro' which they 
endeavoured to make their escape the others took to the boats that 
were laying at the ferry stairs to which our men pursued them. The 
Gen 1 then dispached a Canoe with orders to the Person who had 
the care of the Boats at Halsteads to send them immediately upon 
the old Star, when we had gone about half a mile from the ferry, 
the Gen 1 sent me back to the river with orders to Col Ogden to join 
him immediately, but I was not able to procure a boat for that pur- 
pose, Doctor Armstrong (who had attended Gen 1 Smallwood that day 
as an extra Brigade Major) came to Gen 1 Sullivan with an account 
that the enemy (who from the stupidity of Dickey took the alarm as 
he brought them in full view at such a distance as gave them full 
time to prepare,) & were endeavouring to surround him, & added that 
there was a very long string of them & begged Gen 1 Sullivan to join 
him as soon as possible : De Borres Brigade was immediately formed 
& with the Gen 1 march d to the assistance of Smallwood ; whom we 
met about a mile and a half on the road leading from the N. Star to 
Deckers ferry, the whole Division then marched a little beyond 
Cuckolds Town & halted in two lines on two advantageous heights 
for more than an hour : we then proceeded on to the Old Star Ferry 
where we arrived at 12 o'clock and found Col M. Ogden & M r Barber 
Lieu 1 Col of Daytons Corps whose regiments had just crossed the 
river. we immediately began to cross, (to superintend which Major 
Worden was appointed on that shore) Gen 1 Sullivan, Gen 1 Smallwood 
& Gen 1 De Borre crossed in the rear of Smallwoods Brigade. I 
was ordered to superintend the Boats on this side the river in 
which Major Morris was polite enough to assist me: till it was Corn- 
pleated except the rear Guard and stragglers that were attacked by 
the Enemy. 

Quest. Did Gen 1 Sullivan halt at the forks of that Road leading 
from the New Blazing Star into the main road till the Division had 
passed him except the rear Guard. 

Ans. I remember perfectly he did. 

Quest. What was the distance from the fork to where the van 
Guard then stood. 



1 82 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Ans. Not more than three hundred or four hundred Paces. 

Quest. What was the distance from the fork to where the Troops 
halted near Cuckolds Town. 

Ans. One of the Inhabitants of whom I then enquired told me 
between four and five miles. 

Quest. Did the Gen 1 send you forward between those places to 
inform the front they marched too fast & to desire to march slow & 
in good order. 

Ans. Twice. 

Quest. Did you hear the Gen 1 desire the officers to keep their 
men together & in good order. 

Ans. Frequently. 

Quest. Did you hear him forbid plundering the Inhabitants 

Ans. I was sent to the heights on the complaint of a poor woman 
who had been robbed, with orders from the Gen 1 to have her goods 
returned to her, & the person who had taken them confined. 

Quest. Did you hear him exhort the Soldiers to keep together & 
be in readiness to receive the Enemy. 

Ans. I did repeatedly as he rode thro' the line. 

Quest. Did he after the Enemy appeared come down on the 
marsh by the shore & endeavour to get the boats across, & remain 
there till the Pickett had surrendered. 

Ans. He did. J. O. Eustace Aid de Camp 

Major General Lee 

[Major Eustace served on the staffs of Generals Lee and Sullivan, 
"with honor, fidelity and bravery," and on November 7, 1777, Con- 
gress granted him a commission as major in the service of the United 
States. ED.] 



Interrogations to Col Price. /. N 12. 

Quest. Was you on the expedition of General Sullivan to Staten 
Island. 

Ans. I was. 

Quest. Did he appear to be active and attentive in Getting over 
and arranging his men. 

Ans. I think he was. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 183 

Quest. Was you in that Division which he commanded in person. 

Ans. I was. 

Quest. Did he make such Disposition as you thought most proper 
to intercept the enemy and prevent their escaping. 

Ans. I think he did. 

Quest. Did he after he had taken Col Barton and some of his 
Regiment prisoners and was returning to join General Smallwood de- 
sire you to keep your men together and in proper order to receive 
the enemy. 

Ans. He did so, and informed me he expected the enemy wou'd 
attack General Smallwood by the time we cou'd Join him at the 
Cross Roads. 

Quest. Do you know anything of his giving permission to the 
Soldiers to straggle over the Island to plunder. 

Ans. Not to my knowledge. 

Quest. Did the Regiment you commanded bring up the rear of 
the main body after the Junction was formed with General Small- 
wood. 

Ans. They did. 

Quest. Did you halt with your Regiment at Cuckolds Town, and 
how long. 

Ans. They did, but how long I can't tell, as I was much fatigued 
and had Gen 1 De Borre's leave to go forward and Cross the Ferry. 

Quest. When the General arrived at the Old Star Ferry did he 
give positive orders that no horses or cattle should be craried across 
till all the troops were over and appoint an officer to Superintend the 
Imbarkation. 

Ans. I was not present but I was told he did. 

Quest. When the enemy appeared in sight did he go down to the 
Shore and endeavour to get the Boats over & remain there till the 
rear picket had Surrendered. 

Ans. I was not present. 

Quest. Could cannon have been placed to advantage on the Jersey 
Shore to have covered the Crossing of the troops when the enemy 
were in possession of heights on the opposite Shore. 

Ans. The heights on the Island command the Jersey Shore at 
the old Starr Ferry. 

Quest. Is it your opinion that any of the misfortunes that hap- 
pened that day were owing to the Carelessness Inattention or Mis- 
conduct of General Sullivan. 



184 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



It is my opinion Gen 1 Smallwoods Brigade should have 
crossed the Sound at the place the Division crossed at. 

Quest. Did you discover any Signs of fear or confusion in General 
Sullivan in the course of the expedition. 

Ans. Not in the least. Tho. Price Colo. 

2 Maryland Regiment. 

[Ibid. p. 150.] 

Major Adams s Testimony K. N 13. 

[Major Daniel J. Adams's testimony, in answer to interrogatories, 
corroborates the foregoing, but is omitted here as it brings out noth- 
ing materially different from those preceding. ED.] 



Major Vaugharis Testimony L. N 14. 
Interrogatories to Major Vaughan. 

Quest. Was you in the Expedition with Gen 1 Sullivan to Staten 
Island. 

Ans. Yes. 

Quest. Did he appear to be active and attentive in getting over 
and arranging his troops. 

Ans. Yes, as active as it was possible for a man to be. 

Quest. Was you in the Division Commanded by him or that Com- 
manded by General Smallwood. 

Ans. In that Commanded by General Smallwood. 

Quest. Have you any reason to doubt if General Smallwoods tak- 
ing or distroying the troops at Dickers Ferry, if he had not been de- 
ceived by his Guide. 

Ans. I am of opinion that if General Smallwoods Division had 
been taken in the rear instead of the front of the enemy they must 
have fallen into our Hands, but what were the instructions given the 
guide, cannot say 

Quest. When he gave orders to his party to retire and form a 
Junction with General Sullivan would there have been a probability of 
any of his officers & men being left if those orders had been attended 
to. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 185 

Ans. I think there would not. 

Quest. At what time did General Smallwood form a Junction with 
General Sullivan. 

Ans. Between the fork of the road and the New Blazing Star, & I 
think about eleven O Clock, A. M. 

Quest. How far was it from Cuckolds Town. 

Ans. About four Miles. 

Quest. Did the troops halt at Cuckolds Town & how long. 

Ans. Yes, near the Town, something better than an hour. 

Quest. Did General Sullivan enjoin silence & order upon his men 
and assure them that the success of the expedition depended on it. 

Ans. Yes. 

Quest. Do you know anything of his giving permission to the 
Soldiers to straggle over the Island to plunder. 

Ans. No, but positively ordered the contrary. 

Quest. When the General arrived at the Old Blazing Star, did he 
appoint an officer to superintend the embarkation of the troops. 

Ans. Yes, Major Woodson was appointed. 

Quest. Did he give positive orders that no horses or cattle should 
be carried over till all the troops had crossed. 

Ans. Yes, I understood from Major Woodson such were the 
orders. 

Quest. When he crossed himself, did he leave two of his Aid de 
Camps to superintend the return of the boats. 

Ans. I saw two of the Generals Aid de Camps on the Jersey side 
after the General had crossed. 

Quest. When the enemy were in sight did he go down to the 
shore and endeavour to get over and remain there till the rear Picket 
had surrendered. 

Ans. Yes. 

Quest. Could Cannon have been placed to advantage on the Jersey 
shore to have covered our Troops in Crossing when the enemy were 
possessed of the heights on the opposite shore. 

Ans. I do not think that Cannon could have been placed opposite 
the picket to advantage, but that it might have been of service about 
half a mile below. 

Quest. Did you while on the Island Discover any signs of fear or 
confusion in General Sullivan. 
Ans. No not the least. 



1 86 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Quest. Is it your opinion that any of the misfortunes that hap- 
pened that day were owing to the carelessness inattention or miscon- 
duct of Genera] Sullivan. 

Ans. No. - 

Joseph Vaughan, M. D R. 



[Ibid. p. 152.] Major Steretts Testimony M N 15. 

[This document corroborates the foregoing in most points, and is 
omitted as containing nothing materially differing from them. ED.] 



[Ibid. p. 153-] 

[Summary of the Evidence of General Sterling.} 

On considering the several matters alledged, and several Evidences, 
as follows it appears on the day of Gen 1 Sullivans march from Han- 
over, that Provisions were ready to be issued to Gen 1 de Borres Brig- 
ade, in time to have enabled them to march at the time appointed by 
Gen 1 Sullivan ; and that their not being ready till three hours after- 
wards, must have been owing to the negligence of the officers of 
that Brigade, for it appears that de Borres Brigade had their Provi- 
sions drawn the Evening before, & that Smallwoods Brigade which 
lay at a much greater distance from the Commissary's, had their Pro- 
visions & were ready to march an hour before the appointed time. 
It appears that Major Taylor must have been mistaken as to the time 
allowed for halting the Troops, for it appears that at Chatham they 
halted at least half an hour, and at least 3 hours more before their 
Embarkation, in the Neighbourhood of Halsteads Point & Elizabeth 
Town, and had there been any fault in the march of the Troops it 
could not have been owing to Gen 1 Sullivan, as he was gone forward 
to get the Boats ready, at the proposed place of Embarkation. That 
if the troops had not so much time to refresh as they ought to have, 
it was owing to Gen 1 De Borres Brigade delaying their march three 
hours after the time they were ordered. As to sending the two men 
in the Canoe with a broken Paddle, to carry orders for the boats, & 
waggons to proceed to the Old Blazing Star, [it] appears from the 
Evidence that antecedent orders had been given, to the officer who 
had charge of them, to proceed to the Old Blazing Star, on his hear- 
ing the Fire proceed that way, and that the stoppage of the boats 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 187 

was not owing to the want of orders, but to the appearance of a 
Sloop in which Col Ogden sent off his Prisoners, and which was 
mistaken for one of the Enemys Tenders ; It appears from the 
Evidence that it would have been very improper to have halted the 
Division until they came to Cuckold's Town, at which place they 
halted a full hour, and not a half only as Maj r Taylor asserts. That 
the straggling march was contrary to the Express orders of Gen 1 
Sullivan, deliv d by himself in Person, and by his aids repeatedly. 
It also appears that the Light Infantry of Hazens were only halted 
for the purpose of bringing up stragglers to the Rear Guard, as 
asserted. It appears by a number of Evidences that Major Woodson 
was early appointed to superintend the reembarkation of the Troops, 
at the Old Blazing Star, and that he exerted himself much for that 
purpose. It also appears that Gen 1 Sullivan appointed two of his 
aids to see that the boats returned with expedition from the Jersey 
side. It appears in the fullest manner from the Evidence that Gen 1 
Sullivan gave repeated orders in the most positive terms against 
Plundering. That altho: two men were killed by the Enemy's 
Artillery while on the Marsh in the Jerseys, still it appears to have 
been a proper measure to station the Troops there, in order to cover 
the retreat of the Rear Guard, & that it had a good effect, in check- 
ing the Enemy. It appears that after the return of the Troops 
from Staten Island, that Gen 1 Sullivan immediately took every 
measure necessary to furnish his Troops with Provision and to 
refresh them, and for this purpose ordered the whole of his Troops 
to assemble at Elizabeth Town ; That Gen 1 Smallwood, with his 
Brigade, did actually go to Elizabeth Town and were there furnished 
with Provisions, but that Gen 1 Debores, contrary to his positive 
orders, did march off towards Chatham: on hearing of which Gen 1 
Sullivan expressed his displeasure, and immediately sent orders to 
Gen 1 Debores to halt his Troops at Springfield, where there were 
plenty of Provisions. That Gen 1 Debores instead of obeying his 
order, sent word back that his troops were on the march, & that they 
should go to Chatham & that was the reason why the march of that 
Brigade was so greatly prolonged before they were refreshed. It 
appears from the Evidence & Papers, that Major Taylor's opinion is 
not founded in the best Information, and that he has been grossly 
mistaken in a number of essential Particulars of the Expedition. 
The above in answer to Major Taylor's Evidence Major Reed 
says that Gen 1 Sullivan's Aid de Camps procured Horses in the 
Island for the General & themselves. It appears from the Evidence 
that this was essentially necessary The General & his Aids not 
having carried their Horses over to the Island. 

Sterling President. 



1 88 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Ibid. p. 154-] 

Opinion of Court of Inquiry. N. N 16. 

Camp at Foamensing October 12 th 1777 

At a Court of enquiry held at Major General Lord Sterlings 
Quarters by order of his Excellency General Washington to examine 
into the Conduct of Major General Sullivan in the expedition Com- 
manded by him to Staten Island in the month of August last 

Present, Major General Lord Sterling, President. 
Brigadier General M c Dougal } 
Brigadier General Knox > Members. 

Colonel Spencer Colonel Clark ) 

The Court after hearing the evidences against the conduct of 
Major General Sullivan and those produced by him in his defence, 
and duly considering the same, are Unanimously of opinion that the 
expedition against the enemy on Staten Island was eligible and 
promised great advantages to the cause of America. That the expe- 
dition was well concocted, and the orders for the execution proper 
and would have succeeded with reputation to the General and Troops 
under his command had it not in some measure been rendered abor- 
tive by accidents which were out of the power of the General to 
foresee or prevent. That General Sullivan was particularly active 
in embarking the Troops to the Island and took every precaution in 
his power to bring them off That he made early provision at Eliza- 
beth Town for refreshing the Troops of his Division when they re- 
turned to Jersey, and that upon the Maturest consideration of the 
evidence in possession of this Court, General Sullivan's conduct in 
planning and .executing the expedition was such in the opinion of 
this Court, that he merits the approbation of his Country, and not its 
censure. The Court therefore are Unanimously of opinion that he 
ought to stand honourably acquitted of any unsoldierlike conduct in 
the expedition to Staten Island. 

Sterling 

Alex. M c Dougal 
Henry Knox 
Oliver Spencer 
T. Clark 

[The foregoing judgment of the court was transmitted to Congress 
by General Washington, and on October 2Oth that body 

" Resolved, That the result of the court of enquiry into the expe- 




REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 189 

dition of Staten-Island, so honourable to the character of General 
Sullivan, is highly pleasing to Congress, and that the opinion of the 
said court be published in justification of the injured character of 
that officer." 

It was also satisfactory to Washington, who admired Sullivan for 
his energy, activity, and fearlessness, and to a large majority of the 
officers of the army. ED.] 



[Ibid. p. 155.] Copy of Colonel Ogderis Letter, N 17. 

[Contains a detailed account of the plan of action.] 

Dear Sir. As you are in my opinion very unjustly censured for 
your conduct respecting the Staten Island Expedition, I cannot in 
Justice to you, or the Public Service omit presenting you with my 
narrative of the affair, which if you please you may make Public. 

I do not mean to call in question the proceeding of the Honourable 
Congress, I doubt not they have been imposed on by a misrepresenta- 
tion of facts, otherwise they would not have ordered a Court of En- 
quiry. I am certain it is not their Intention to injure the Character 
of an Officer for being successfull. 

The Plan ordered by you after consulting those Gentlemen (in 
whom you could confide) who were best acquainted with the Island, 
and the situation of the Enemy was this. That Gen 1 Smallwood & 
DeBorre, should cross at Halsteads point, the former to attack Bus- 
kirk at the Dutch Church, and the latter Barton at the New Blazing 
Star. I was to cross at the Old Blazing Star, with the first and 
third Jersey Regiments, & a part of the Militia, & attack the Regi- 
ments of Lawrence, Dongan, & Allen, which if I found an overmatch, 
I was to take post on advantageous Ground, & wait until I was sup- 
ported by a Regiment from Gen 1 DeBorre, which Regiment in 
case I drove the Enemy was to head them, & pick up the stragglers. 
One Regiment from Gen 1 Smallwood was to be left for the same pur- 
pose at the Cross Road above, & to take up those that should escape 
General De Borre, after which the whole of your Division was to 
join & march to where I had crossed, & where you were to recross. 
This Plan appeared to me well concerted and perfectly consistent. 
The Officers on my part performed every duty required, or expected, 
they routed the Enemy, and made many of them Prisoners, with very 
little loss, how far the Officers of your Division executed their part, 
I cannot pretend to say, Tho : this I am certain of, that the loss of 
most of the men was owing to the Carelessness of the Officers Com- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

manding Plattoons in suffering their men to fall out of their Places, 
those that were lost with the Rear Guard sold themselves dear, and 
their being exposed was unavoidable. I am Sir with respect & esteem 

Your Hble Ser< M. Ogden. 
To Major General Sullivan. 



[Ibid. p. 156.] General Smallwoods Letter, No. 18. 

Swan Creek September 7 th 1777. 

Dear Sir Its with much concern I hear your Conduct is called 
in Question, on the Expedition to Staten Island, and I am conscious 
it is undeserved, and its to be lamented that Gentlemen who write, 
do not exercise more Candor, Judgment, and accuracy in representing 
facts, as I would fain hope the Gentlemen who you mention to have 
subjected your Conduct to an Enquiry, have erred thro' Inadvertency 
more than any settkd designs of injuring your Reputation but in 
every instance unless our Prospects and success are very sanguine, 
Censure becomes very liberal, and fashionable ; and seems to be a 
Tax which every General Officer unavoidably yields to the Publick, 
which too frequently censures without an impartial enquiry, or with- 
out making a proper allowance for Events, which seldom succeed to 
expectation, 'tho designs are ever so well concerted, and executed. 
This is a poor Encouragement for a Person to risque his life, fortune, 
and what is still more dear his Reputation. I have answered your 
Interrogatories to the best of my recollection, and I am sorry I can- 
not be personally present, as many accidents may cast up in Point, 
in course of the Enquiry, which they have not, nor can I advert to at 
present, which might tend to set your views and Conduct in a clearer 
Light. I have the Honour to be with much regard, 

Your most Obed 4 & very Hble Serv* W m Smallwood 

Major Gen 1 Sullivan 



[Ibid. p. 157.] 

Copy of General Sullivan s 3 d Letter to Congress, N 19. 

Camp on Mebuckin Hills Octob r 17 th 1777. 

Dear Sir. I do myself the Honour to enclose Congress a Copy of 
the result of a Court of Enquiry, respecting my Conduct on Staten 
Island, after perusing which & examining the Evidence sent by me in 
a former Letter : Congress must be at some loss to know how it was 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. IQI 

possible for L l Col. Smith, and Major Taylor, to write so warmly 
against me to their friends in Congress when there was no Colour for 
it I shall now give Congress the Key to it, and it will no longer re- 
main a mystery On the 13 th August last, when my Division lay at 
Hanover, these two Gentlemen attacked Maj r Sherburn (who acted as 
Depty A. Gen 1 ) on the Public Parade before, all the Soldiers about the 
severity of their duty ; avering that there was no necessity of Pic- 
quets, or out Guards, as we were in a friends Country, and the Enemy 
at such a distance. This was said with heat on the one side & re- 
plied to with as much warmth on the other ; I was much surprised at 
hearing so dangerous a doctrine had been advanced by Field Officers, 
before the Soldiers of my Division. I knew it was an established 
Rule among Military men, to use the same precautions in a friends 
Country as in an Enemy's, a relaxation, or neglect of duty, has 
proved the destruction of many armies : The fate of Hannibal after 
his troops had tasted the delights of Capua, was a striking Instance 
of the evil tendency which follow those neglects. I therefore on the 
next day issued orders to my Division (which you have enclosed)* 
this matter being known throughout the Division, it was early per- 
ceived against whom they were pointed. This was by them deemed 
unpardonable, & I suppose retalliation determined on. But no op- 
portunity offered till the affair of Staten Island ; they immediately 
began to make a Party against me, in which they were warmly sec- 
onded by the valerous & entrepid General DeBorre, whose sagacity 
first discovered that the British Troops affixed fish Hooks to their 
Balls ; one of which (as he informed Gen 1 Conway) unfortunately 
wounded him in the Cheek as he was running away from the Enemy 
at Brandy wine. I hear that he is now soliciting to be made a Major 
General, to which this important discovery, together with his military 
conduct in general will entitle him. This Sir was the foundation 
of all the Clamour raised against me, but every Engine was set at 
work to raise a report throughout the Country, that my Officers in 
general were dissatisfied with my Conduct. This report coming to 
the hearing of the Officers, they have met on the occasion, and the 
Regiments have many of them delivered in & the others are making 
out papers similar to the one you have enclosed from Col Fords 
Regiment. I believe some Officers in Hazen's Reg* will not do it, 
but many of them have, and some conclude by saying that if they 
were as happy with the Field Officers of Col Hazen's Regim t as with 

* Head Quarters Hanover i4th Aug T 1777. 

^[Pickets as usual A strict and regular attention to the duty of the Camp is expected as much as though the 
Enemy were at hand Good officers will readily see the necessity of this, and those who cannot at present 
discover it, may gain knowledge from the Conduct of others. 



IQ2 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

me, they would be as happy as they could wish. I hope after having 
delt thus openly with Congress, & laid everything before them, The 
Party who have risen up against me will at least be sensible that they 
have injured me without cause. I am happy that my conduct in 
Military Life thus far will bear the strictest scrutiny & every 
enquiry into it will redound to my Honour, But I am far from expect- 
ing this always to be the case, I well know that I am in common with 
the rest of mankind liable to Errors and it must be a miracle if I es- 
cape them all ; At the same time, though at a distance from the Sen- 
ate, I know that there is a Party who would improve the first to work 
my ruin. This wa"s the only motive that induced me to ask to retire 
from the Army ; It was not because I was weary of serving my 
Country, but to rescue my Reputation from Ruin : It is exceeding 
hard for me to fight against the Enemies of my Country, and at the 
same time, combat with the very Persons I am fighting for. The last 
action took off half m'y family, perhaps the next may sweep the 
residue, and involve me in their fate, and what is still more terrible 
to me, my Reputation may unjustly perish by my side. This is a 
poor Encouragement to sacrifice that Life, which I have often ven- 
tured in my Country's Cause, and to Exchange Domestic ease for 
the Dusty field of Mars. But as every American looks up to Con- 
gress for Justice, I cannot persuade myself that Congress will refuse 
either to approve my Conduct publickly, or grant me leave to retire 
from the Army. 

I am Dear Sir with much Respect Your Excellencys most Obed 1 
Humble Servant - Jn Sullivan 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq r 



[Ibid. p. 158.] 

Copy of General Sullivan's 4 th Letter to Congress, N 20 

Camp near White Marsh Octo. 25th 1777. 

Much Esteemed Sir In a. letter from M r Burk, member from N 
Carolina dated the I2th Inst : he informs me that he has represented 
to Congress that I was posted with the Command on the right wing 
of our Army previous to the Battle of Brandy wine. 

2 nd That I was early in the day cautioned by the Commander in 
Chief to be particularly attentive to the Enemy's motions, who he 
supposed would attempt to cross higher up the Creek. And that I 
was furnished with Light Troops for that purpose which I neglected, 
& suffered them to come upon me by a Rout I never expected. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 193 

3 rd That I conveyed false Intelligence to the General, which 
caused him to alter his dispositions, and brought on a defeat. 

4th. That when the mistake was at length discovered, I brought 
up my Troops by a Circuitous march, and in a disorder from which 
they never recovered. 

5th. That he heard my Officers Commenting in the bitterest 
terms that they were cursed with such a Commander, whose evil 
Conduct was ever productive of misfortunes to the Army. 

6th. That my Troops had no confidence in my Conduct. 

7th. That I had not sufficient Talents for my Rank and office, 
that I am void of Judgment & foresight in concerting of deliberate 
vigor in executing, and of presence of mind under accidents & emer- 
gencies, from which has arisen my repeated ill success. 

As the Gentleman has been generous enough to acknowledge the 
several points he has urged against me, it becomes my duty to 
remove every impression from the minds of Congress which those 
assertions might have made, and I doubt not Congress will indulge 
me in it while I treat with Decency the Gentlemen who inform me 
that as a member of that respectable Body he made these represen- 
tations, as I wish freedom of speeches ever to be maintained in that 
August Assembly. I have the most sanguine hopes that the Person 
whose Conduct has been by mistake of a member misrepresented, 
may have every opportunity of removing the prejudice which those 
representations may have made. 

As to the first of these, it was so far from being true, that I was 
never sent to the Lower Ford 'till the Evening before the action, this 
was called Brenton's Ford. I was ordered to take Post there with 
my Main Body, to send a Guard to the next Ford, about a mile & half 
above me, another to Jones's Ford, one & half miles still higher up, 
and another to Buffenton's Ford, a mile above that, immediately 
upon my arrival, I detached the Delaware Regiment to the first 
Ford, one Battalion of Hazens to Jones, & another to Buffenton's. - 
When I received those orders, as I ever had been of opinion that the 
Enemy would endeavour to turn our Right, I enquired of His 
Excellency whether there were no Fords still higher up, to which the 
person who was then giving him information of the Country, replied 
there is none within twelve miles, the Roads leading to & from which 
are almost inaccessible His Excellency also observed, that all the 
Light Horse of the Army were ordered on the right Wing to give 
Information, and of course I had no orders, or even hints to look at 
any other places, but those before mentioned, nor had I Light troops, 
or Light Horsemen furnished for the purpose, nor will any Person 
attempt to say it who knows the Facts. I had but four Light Horse- 
is 



194 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

men, two of which I kept at the upper Fords to bring me Intelli- 
gence. The others I kept to send Intelligence to Head Quarters. 
But to this charge, as also to the second & third, which the Gentle- 
men has been pleased to Exhibit against me, I offer in opposition 
His Excellency's Declaration, copy of which is enclosed, and Con- 
gress must soon see how void of foundation they are. - 

The fourth article of Charge I have fully answered in my State of the 
affair at Brandywine. As to the fifth & sixth articles of charge I can 
only say, that I think the Gentleman much mistaken, as all the officers 
present in my division have signed the Contrary, except part of the 
officers in Hazen's Regiment, the reason of which may easily be con- 
ceived. I take the opportunity of Inclosing a Copy of one from the 
third Maryland Regiment, but have not time to copy the others, to 
forward them by this opportunity I think the Gentlemen had 
better taken more pains to inform himself before he made the repre- 
sentation, as I am confident he cannot find three in my Division that 
would wish to be from under my Command, not even the writer of 
the Letter against me who is every day expressing his sorrow for 
being the author of it. 

As to the seventh article I can only observe that the Gentlemans 
Judgment is so far superior to all the Generals, & other Officers with 
whom I have served, and his opportunities of forming an opinion 
respecting my abilities so much greater, that I dare not attempt to 
contradict him, but leave him to enjoy what opinion of me he thinks 
proper in addition to the Evidence already sent to Congress, I beg 
leave to enclose another from one of Lord Sterling's Aid de Camps, 
just now come to hand I shall conclude with some few Remarks 
respecting my being repeatedly unfortunate I am but too well con- 
vinced that our Army have been unfortunate, and as I am always in 
Action with them, am compell'd to take my share of the misfortunes. 
Those who avoid being in actions, perhaps are less unfortunate than 
myself. There has been but two Actions in which the Main Army 
have been compleatly Victorious, and I think in those I had a prin- 
cipal hand. I have never yet engaged separate from the Army, 
except on Staten Island, and I can by no means persuade myself that 
this was anything less than an advantageous Victory, though not so 
complea.t as I would wish, and even if it was not, the fault was not 
mine. I know it has been generally reported that I Commanded on 
Long Island, when the Action happened there, this is by no means 
true ; General Putnam had taken the Command from me four days 
before the action. Lord Sterling Commanded the Main Body with- 
out the lines. I was to have Commanded under General Putnam 
within the Lines : I was uneasy about a Road through which I had 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 195 

often foretold the Enemy would come, but could not persuade others 
to be of my opinion. I went to the Hill near Flat Bush to reccon- 
itre the Enemy, & with a Piquett of Four Hundred Men was sur- 
rounded by the Enemy, who had advanced by the very Road I had 
foretold, and which I had paid Horsemen fifty Dollars for Patrolling 
by night, while I had the Command, as I had not foot for the pur- 
pose, for which I was never reimbursed, as it was supposed necessary. 

- What Resistance I made with these 400 Men against the Britis 
Army, I leave to the Officers who were with me to declare. Let it 
suffice for me to say the opposition of the small Party lasted from 
half past nine to twelve O'Clock I challenge any Person to mention 
a single Instance of my being unfortunate except in common with the 
Army, without them I have done nothing, except on Staten Island 
I hope Congress will not deem my Scourging the Enemy & keeping 
them within their Lines during the Course of last winter with my 
Division alone unfortunate, or my bringing safely the Wretched 
Army out of Canada, which are the only separate Commands, I have 
ever had, where any thing important was to be done. Then [Thus ?] 
sir have I endeavoured to refute all that this Gentleman has asserted 
concerning me, whether I have, or have not done, Congress will 
judge if I have removed every prejudice from their minds, which 
those groundless assertions have occasioned I shall be happy If 
not I must content myself with having endeavoured to do it by the 
most open, fair and impartial state of facts that I am capable of, & 
by giving every Evidence in support of them, that I could conceive 
was necessary - 

Dear Sir with much respect I am 

Your most Obedient Servant 

Jn Sullivan 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq. 

P. S. The reason of few Troops being on Long Island, was be- 
cause it was generally supposed that the Enemys landing there was 
only a feint to draw our Troops there that they might the more 
easily possess themselves of New York. I have often urged both by 
word & writing, that as the Enemy had doubtless both those objects 
in view, they would first try for Long Island, which Commanded the 
other, & then New York, (which was compleatly commanded by it) 
would fall of course. But in this I was unhappy enough to differ 
from almost every officer in the Army, 'till the event prov'd my Con- 
jectures were just. J. S. 



196 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Ibid. p. 159.] Col Pinkneys Testimony No. 22. 

Camp near Potsgrove Sept r 24 : 1777. 

In compliance with the request of General Sullivan, that I would 
mention what I saw of his behaviour at the action of Brandywine on 
the I I th of this month, I declare when I saw him in the Engagement 
(which was in the Evening, about the time that General Weedon's 
Brigade, was brought up to the Right) He appeared to me to behave 
with the greatest Calmness, and Bravery ; And at that time I had oc- 
casion to observe his Behaviour, as I was then with General Washing- 
ton, and heard General Sullivan tell him that all the superior Officers 
of his Division had behaved exceedingly well, and after some other 
conversation with the General, General Sullivan turning to me, re- 
quested I would ride up to General Weedon, and desire him to halt Col- 
onel Spottswoods &ColStephens's Regiments in the Plough'd Field, 
on our right, & form them there ; which I did, & on my return I was 
informed that General Sullivan, while I was delivering his orders, 
had his Horse shot under him. 

Charles Cotesworth Pinkney, Col 
of the I st Contin 1 Regim* of S Carolina. 



[Ibid. p. 1 60.] Copy of Major Willcocks Letter, N 23. 

Camp New Hanover Sept r 25, 1777. 

Sir. Your letter of 24 th Instant has deprived me of the pleasure 
of doing an unsolicited favour, for antecedent to the reception of it 
I had determined so far as my influence and knowledge of facts 
enabled me to rescue your Reputation, from the undeserved calumny 
thrown upon you by the Captious, and ungenerous multitude. And 
to convince you that my declarations are entirely uninfluenced by 
anything which has passed between us since the day of action, I have 
the further satisfaction to assure you that in retireing from the Field 
I more than once expressed the highest sense of your Personal 
Bravery, and great activity in rallying the Troops. 

With respect to the arrangement of the Army, you must be sen- 
sible it was out of my province to know by whom it was determined, 
and of course on whose shoulders the censure, if any was incurred, 
ought to fall. But this circumstance may undoubtedly be ascer- 
tained from Lord Sterling, and the other General officers in the 
field, as your Division took its place in the Line after you had seen 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 197 

them. I always supposed it to have been the result of Council. 
The Enemy by good luck, or perhaps Policy, made their attack before 
the intended disposition of your Division, which in my opinion was 
remarkably advantageous, could be carried into Execution. It was 
therefore rather to be considered as unfortunate, as ill judged, and not 
to be laid at the door of any particular officer. But Sir, whatever 
turns the Scale of Victory (by the by, let me digress to observe, that 
the Victory was ours, & the Ground was the Enemy's) whether 
accident, or Design like the ancient usage of the Jews some sacri- 
fice must be made to the People, and it is not less frequent than to be 
lamented, that in the Military Department, The man who may have 
embarked everything in the common bottom, and bravely, but without 
success, defended in Person his Country's Cause, is more liable to 
become the Victim, than the fortunate Coward, or the clamerous 
pretender. 

The place which I have the Honour to hold in the army, naturally 
gave me the best opportunity of observing the Behaviour of every 
General Officer, in the Centre of the Line, and to my great concern, 
I saw you & Lord Sterling, with General Conway from the com- 
mencement of the action, until you were deserted almost by 
every man ride from right to left encouraging, & driving the 
soldiers to their Duty, 'till the Enemy were pouring a severe fire 
on both flanks, and pressing on with charged Bayonets in front. 
Sometime before this, I thought you had exceeded the Bounds, both 
of Prudence and Courage. Be assured Sir, That I claim little merit 
in the above narration for I defy any man, who was a Witness of 
your Conduct, to gainsay it. Whatever others may say, must be the 
effect of Caprice, or ungenerous prepossessions. 

I have the Honour to be with Respect and Esteem 

Your Humble Servant 

W m Willcocks, Aid de Camp 

Major General Sullivan 



[Ibid. p. 1 6 1.] Copy of Col Hazens Letter, N 24. 

Jones Ford Septr. n th 1777. 

Sir. I received your Letter of last Evening by the bearer of this ; 
The officer and Party which I detached to reconitre the Enemy's 
Camp, returned last Evening at 1 1 O' Clock, and brought in with him 
Seventeen Head of Cattle, and twenty eight sheep taken from the 
Enemy about one mile from Welch's Tavern and six miles from this 



198 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Place, the Cattle were taken by Captains Patterson's & Chambers of 
the 1 2th P. R. and delivered up to Ensign Fellows of my Regiment, 
who was at that time with his Party in sight, tho not so near as to 
assist, nothing more new, all is quiet in this Quarter, shall wait your 
orders with respect to the Cattle, and shall detain a Milch Cow, for a 
few days if you have no objection, as there is 10 of them amongst the 
17 abovementioned. - 

I am Sir Your very Hble Serv 1 

Moses Hazen 
To The Hon'ble John Sullivan Esq. 



[Ibid. p. 162.] Gen 1 Conways Certificate, N 25. 

I do hereby certify, that on the II th Sept r Major Gen 1 Sullivan 
shewed all the Bravery, and Coolness, that can be expected from a 
Man of Honour, during the Action, and all the possible activity after 
the rout to rally the Troops. Gen 1 Sullivan having come up with his 
Division, when the Enemy was within half a mile of our front, the 
short time left to his troops in order to form was hardly sufficient for 
well disciplined troops, and well exercised, and by no means sufficient 
for the troops of this Army, who appear to me to manoeuvre upon 
false Principles, and where I cannot discover as yet, the least notion 
of displaying Columns, and forming briskly upon all Emergencies. 

The Division of the Right had full time to form, the ground upon 
which said Division was to draw up, was exceedingly favourable, and 
if part of the Division was not formed compleatly before the Engage- 
ment, The fault cannot be imputed to Gen 1 Sullivan, who altho : he 
had a right to take the right of the Line, took the Left, in order to 
save time, a proof that the Division of the Right had full time to form. 
That Lord Sterling's Division, which was the next to it, was com- 
pletely formed when the Enemy appeared : This is my sincere opin- 
ion, the true cause of the loss of the Battle must be known to all 
those who are acquainted with what passed that day, and two days 
before the action. 

Given under my hand at Flacland [?] Camp the Twenty day of 
September 1777. 

Tho s Conway, Brig r Gen 1 

To Major Gen 1 Sullivan. - 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 1 99 

[Ibid. p. 163.] 

The Marquis La Fayette s Certificate N 26. 

Dear Sir I would have been glad you had let me know the form 
of the certificate you are wanting ; such a want seems to me so ex- 
traordinary after having seen you in the field, that I did not know 
how to express my being so sensible of your bravery as by telling 
you what every soldier who was with us that day must be acquainted 
with I did not answer directly to your request, because I was en- 
gaged in business with Gen 1 Washington I will always do myself 
the greatest pleasure to pay a due justice to your merit, and desire 
your being no less convinced of my affection. 

I am Yours 
The Marquis La Fayette 

Camp near White Marsh I st Nov r [1777.] 

Tho' very far from thinking that Major Gen 1 Sullivan cou'd ever 
want such a certificate, however it is with the greatest pleasure, that 
according to his own desire, I repeat here how sensible I have been 
of his bravery at the affair of Brandywine the II th September I 
can assure him that such courage as he show'd that day will always 
deserve the praises of every one 

The Marquis La Fayette 
Major Gen 1 in the Army of the Unit d States of America. 



[Ibid. p. 164.] 

Certificate from Gen 1 Washington s Aid de Camps N 28 

Head Quarters Septr. 21, 1777 

Dear Sir We have just received your favor of yesterday, desiring 
from us a Testimony of your Conduct, so far as it fell under our 
observation, the day of the Battle on the Brandywine. 

As we had not the pleasure of seeing you in the fore part of that 
action, when the Line at large was Engaged, we are unable from our 
own knowledge, to say anything of your Conduct at that time; 
But we can cheerfully testify in justice to your reputation, that when 
we had an opportunity of seeing you, it was in circumstances which 
did you Honour. This was from the time you rode up and joined 



2OO REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Gen 1 Weedon's Brigade 'till your Horse was wounded. You were 
employed in animating and encouraging the Men to their duty, both 
by your Words and example ; and in every Respect behaved with 
becoming bravery, and activity. - 

We have the Honour to be Sir 

Your most Obed* Serv ts 

A. Hamilton, John Laurens 
Aid de Camps to his Exc'y General Washington 
Major Gen 1 Sullivan 



[Ibid. p. 165.] Major Fleurey* s Certificate, N 29. 

I do hereby declare to have seen Major Gen 1 Sullivan, in the Battle 
between Brandywine, & Birmingham Meeting House, the II th Sep- 
tember 1777 

I st Rallying his men with great Ardour. 
2 ndi y Hi s Endeavours being unsuccessful!, I saw him at L d Sterlings 

Division, which was fighting upon the Hill, 
ydiy This Division Retreating, he try'd to rally same, and put them 

behind the fences. 

^thiy This position not being attacked, he forms again, the Troops 
near the Road, behind a House, to the left of General Green's 
Division, where he fought till night, and where his Horse got 
wounded. - 

I declare upon my Honour that he appeared to behave like a brave, 
& cool man. 

Fleury Brig de Major 

At Camp near Schuylkill 23 feb'ry 1777. [1778.] 
To Major Gen 1 Sullivan. 



[Ibid. p. 1 66.] 

Copy of General Washingtons Letter to General Sullivan N 30. 

Head Quarters Octr. 24, 1777 

Dear Sir It ever has been, & I hope ever will be, a ruling Prin- 
ciple with me to endeavour to do impartial justice to every officer 
over whom I have the Honour to preside. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 2OI 

I shall therefore, in answer to the Queries contained in your Letter 
of this date, readily declare. That although I ascribed the misfor- 
tune which happened to us on the II th of September, principally to 
the Information of Major Spears, transmitted to me by you : yet I 
never blamed you for conveying that Intelligence. On the contrary, 
considering from whom, and in what manner it came to you, I should 
have thought you Culpable in concealing it. The Majors Rank, 
Reputation, & knowledge of the Country gave him a full claim to 
Credit & Attention. 

His Intelligence was no doubt a most unfortunate Circumstance ; 
as it served to derange the disposition that had been determined on, 
in consequence of prior information of the Enemy's attempt to turn & 
attack our Righ Flank, which ultimately proving true, too little time 
was left us after discovering its certainty to form a new Plan, and 
make adequate arrangements, to prevent its success. Hence arose 
that hurry, and consequently confusion, which afterwards ensued ; 
But it was not your fault that the Intelligence was effectually found 
to be erroneous. 

With respect to your other queries, whether your being Posted on 
the right was to guard that Flank, and if you had neglected it, I 
can only observe that the obvious, if not declared purpose of your 
being there, implied every necessary precaution for the security of 
that flank : But it is at the same time to be remarked that all the 
Fords, above Chad's, which we were taught to apprehend danger 
from, were Guarded by Detachments from your Division, and that we 
were led to believe by those whom we had reason to think well ac- 
quainted with the Country, that no Ford above our Piquets could be 
passed without making a very circuitous march. Upon the whole 
then no part of your Conduct preceding the action, was in my judge- 
ment reprehensible. What happened on your march to the Field of 
Battle, your Disposition there, and behaviour during the action/I can 
say nothing about, no part 'till the retreat commenced having come 
under my immediate observation. 

I can only add therefore, that the whole Tenour of your Conduct, 
so far as I have had opportunities of judging, has been spirited and 
active. I am Dear Sir 

Your most Obedient Servant 

To Major Gen 1 Sullivan G Washington 

[Extract from General Washington's letter to Congress dated 
"Camp near Pennibacker's Mill Oct. 5, 1777." .... "In justice to 
General Sullivan and the whole right wing of the army, whose con- 



2O2 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

duct I had an opportunity of observing, as they acted immediately 
under my eye. I have the pleasure to inform you that both officers 
and men behaved with a degree of gallantry that did them the high- 
est honor." The above refers to the battle at Germantown, where 
General Sullivan's division led the attack. ED.] 



[Ibid. p. 167.] Copy of Col Richardson s Letter, N 31. 

Camp 13 th October 1777 

Sir. It gives me concern that any Gentleman should assert that 
the officers in your Division are universally dissatisfied under your 
Command, and I expect that upon Enquiry the assertion will prove 
groundless ; but be that as it may, I think my duty to observe, that 
with respect to myself & the officers of my Regiment (except those 
of the two companies which have been with you this whole Campaign, 
& who I daresay will give their Candid Testimony upon this occasion) 
it cannot effect us, as we have been with you but a few days Not 
long enough to form any Judgement of your good or bad Conduct, or 
to be pleased or displeased with you as a Commander. Suffice it to 
say, that so far as we have experienced, we rest very happy in our 
situation, and wish not for a removal. - 

As to myself candor obliges me to confess, that when I first joined 
the Army, my wishes led me to be under General Green, they took 
rise from a personal acquaintence with the General, & the high 
opinion I had conceived of his Military abilities Not from any dis- 
respect, or dislike to any other General Officer, most of whom, your- 
self in particular were strangers to me. - 

I have the Honour to be very respectfully Sir 
Your most Obed' Serv 1 

W. Richardson [5 th Maryland Reg.] 
Major General Sullivan - 



[Ibid. p. 168.] 

Copy address of The officers of Col Richards ons Reg* who joined 
the army previous to Engagement with the Enemy N 32 - 

Camp 14 th October 1777 

We the subscribers (Officers belonging to the 5th Maryland Regi- 
.ment) do hereby Certify, that we have been in Major General Sulli- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 2O3 

van's Division ever since he came down from the Peekskill, during 
which time we Considered ourselves very happy under his Command. 
Nor do we recollect ever to have dropped a disrespectfull Sentiment of 
him, or to have had the least Cause to Censure his Conduct upon any 
Occasion whatever. 

Jesse Cosden Cap* 
Perry Benson Lieu 1 
Hervey Truelock Ens n 
Major General Sullivan. 

[A certificate from Major Edwards, Aid to Major-General Lord 
Sterling, is printed in Vol. VIII. p. 743. ED.] 



[Ibid. p. 169.] Certificate of Lieut. Erskine, N 33. 

Sir. I have just now been informed by Major Taylor, that you 
have been told by some Persons, that all the Officers of this Regi- 
ment are very uneasy at being under your Command, that you were 
desirous to know their minds on the subject I have only to 
observe for my own part that if I could reconcile myself as well to the 
Conduct of the Officers with whom I am more immediately concerned 
(I mean the Field Officers of Col Hazens Regim*) I could live in the 
Army as happy as I could wish - 

I am Sir Your most Obedient & very Humb 1 Serv* 

John Erskine 

Major Gen 1 Sullivan 



[Ibid. p. 170.] 

Address from Officers in Co I Hazens Reg* N 34. 

Sir. We the subscribers, from a real sense of our duty to our 
Country, and in compliance with your orders of the 13 th Instant Oct r 
with sincere Hearts, & without the least Reservation, declare, while 
we have had the Honour to be in your Division, have had no Reason 
to dislike your Conduct in Commanding the Division, nor did we 
either ever in word or deed, express the least dislike to your Con- 
duct, but that we may still have the Honor, as well as the satisfaction 
to be Commanded by one, who from the beginning of this unnatural 



2O4 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

contest, has so nobly distinguished himself in the Cause of his 
Country, is the earnest Prayer of 

Hon d Sir Your Honours most devoted 

& very Humble Servants 

Lyman Hitchcock Brig de Major 
of the 2 nd Maryl d : Brigade 
Will m Manson Lieutenant 
Palmer Cady Ensign 
To Major General John Sullivan 



[Ibid. p. 171.] Address of Col Fords Regim* N 35. 

Camp Octr I4th 1777. 

Sir. It is with real Regret, we find ourselves constrained to refute 
a Charge that has been falsely & malicious propagated, that the 
officers in your Division were dissatisfied with you as their Com- 
mander. Our Duty to ourselves, & justice to you, induce us to de- 
clare, that we have not the least desire to be removed from our present 
Commander, and if we were left to Chuse for ourselves, we are happy 
in saying we have our Choice, we can only lament that the Clamour 
of a few Individuals should be ushered into the World, as the Eccho 
of the whole of your Division. We wish you to continue with us 
while the unhappy times require it, and shall ever be happy in merit- 
ing the attention you have shown us on every occasion, and have the 
Honour of being Sir with the greatest Regard 

Your most Ob 1 Humble Serv ts 

Benjamin Ford L* Col Oner Hammond En s 

Rob 1 Harris Cap* George Ireland L* 

Alexander Trueman Cap* Charles Beaver Ensign 

John Ghiselin Cap* John Geoghegan Ensign 

Benj Scott Lieu* Rich d Donovan Adjut. 

Mich 1 Dougherty Lieu* James Somerville Lieut. 

Geo : Jacobs Lieut. John J. Jacobs Lieut 
Edward Floyd Wailes Ens n 

The above are all the officers at present in Camp. The Sentiments 
of those absent I know to be similar to ours. 

B. Ford 
To Major General Sullivan 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Ibid. p. 172.] 

Address from the officers of the Delaware Regiment, N 36. 

Sir. Agreeable to your request in the order of this day, inform- 
ing the officers of your Division, That you were inform'd in the hear- 
ing of His Excellency, that the officers were universally dissatisfied 
with your Command, and had no confidence in you, as an officer. 
We the subscribers officers in the Delaware Regiment, in Justice to 
you and ourselves, do declare, That we repose the highest Confi- 
dence in you as an officer, and are entirely satisfied with your Com- 
mand, and do not wish you to be succeeded by any other. 

John Patton Cap* Command 4 Charles Kidd Ensign 
Rob. Kirkwood Cap 4 D. Powell Cox Lieut. D. R. 

John Corse Lieut. Jos. Horseman, Ensign D. R. 

Geo. Purvis Lieut. John Rhodes Lieut. D. R. 

Paul Luenonault D David Hall j r Col 

James Brattam D Cha s Popple Col 

Henry Duff D John Vaughan Major 

Caleb Brown D Enoch Anderson Cap 4 

Jos. Wild D John Learmon, Capt. D. R. 

Ja s Marre Cap 1 Reuben Gilder L 4 D. R. 

Ja s Campbell Ensign 
Caleb Bennett D 
To Major General Sullivan 



[Ibid. p. 173.] Address of Artillery Officers, N 37. 

Camp October 27th 1777. 

Sir The other day to my no little surprize, I saw in your Hon- 
ours Orders, a demand of the reasons why the Commissioned Officers 
so generally disliked you, as Commander of the Division &c. For 
my own part, & the other subscribers hereto, being officers of Artil- 
lery under your Command, never even heard any insinuations of the 
mal kind, but to the contrary, thought you was generally beloved by 
the whole core. We however esteem ourselves much honoured & 
happy under you, and would wish to be commanded by none other. 

We remain, with due respect 

Your Honours most Obedient & very Humble Servants 
Thomas Seward, Captain Thomas Deane, Cap 1 Lieut. 
Eli Parsons first Lieut. John Sleman, Cap 4 Lieut. 
Tho s Bailey 2 nd Lieut. 
To Major Gen 1 Sullivan 



2O6 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Ibid. p. 174.] 

Col Gunbeys Certificate in behalf of the officers of his Reg*- N 38. 

Dear General From what has been said relative to the officers 
of your Division being much dissatisfied with you as their Com- 
mander, I take this method to assure you that I have consulted the 
officers of my Regiment whether any of them were dissatisfied with 
being under your Command, they all assured me they are not, 
that since they first joined the Division they never have had the least 
reason to censure any part of your Conduct, and would not wish to 
be Commanded by any one else in your stead. 

From Your very Humble Servant 

John Gunby, Col 
7th Maryl d Regiment 
To The Hon'ble Major Gen 1 Sullivan 



[Ibid. p. 175.] Major Steretts Letter, N 39. 

Camp October 1 7 th 1 777 - 

Sir I must beg that you will excuse me for my neglect in not 
informing you sooner, whether the officers of the First Maryland 
Regiment were satisfied or dissatisfied with being in the Division 
commanded by you. I believe I have collected the sense of most 
of them and can with pleasure inform you that they hitherto have 
been and still continue to be pleased under your Command, and 
many of them (when it was reported that you was to leave the 
Division) said and earnestly wished to my knowledge that you would 
continue to Command it. These are also my Sentiments in the 
matter. 

I have the honour to be with Respect Sir 
Your most hble Serv* 

W m Sterett, Major I st Mary d Reg' 
The Hon ble Major Gen 1 Sullivan 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 2O/ 

[Ibid. p. 176.] 

Address of the 3 d Maryland Regiment ', N 40. 

Camp 13 th Octr, 1777 - 

Sir. We the officers of the 3 rd Maryland Regiment beg leave to 
assure your Honour, that so far from wishing you to be removed from 
your Present Command, we esteem ourselves peculiarly fortunate in 
serving under you. Justice & Gratitude obliges us to acknowledge ; 
that we have ever found you attentive to the Complaints, and ready 
& willing to redress the grievances and supply the wants of both us 
& our men, as far as fell within the Line of your Duty. 

And with respect to confidence in you as a Commander, we chear- 
fully acknowledge that altho' we should be very unwilling to be es- 
teemed Cowards, yet we deprecate the day when we shall be called 
upon to make an attack, in which we think you would be afraid to 
lead us on ; or reduced to circumstances so intricate and difficult, 
that your Prudence and Knowledge would not be amply sufficient to 
extricate us. 

Upon the whole Sir, we are extreamly happy, and pleased with our 
situation, and our sincere wishes are, that your Life, and Health may 
be long spar'd for a scourge to British Tyranny, and that we may act 
a Part with your approbation, and Continue to be favoured with" that 
polite attention, which we hitherto experienced. - 
We are Sir Your Very Humble Servants 

Nat. Ramsey L' Col John Toomy Lieut. 
Jos. Marbury Captn. W m Willmott I st Lieut. 

Sam 1 Griffith Captn. Peter Clark Lieut. 

John Gists Captn. James Allison Lieut. 

John Smith Lieut. Rich d Chenowrth L* 

Sam 1 Jones Lieut. John James Ensign 

Horatio Clagett Lieut. Isaac Duvall Ensign 
G. Armstrong Lieut. Samuel Farmer Ensign 

To Major General Sullivan. 



[Ibid. p. 177-] 

Address from Colonel Prices Reg*- N 41. 

Division Orders Octr. 13* 1777 

The General is extreamly sorry to inform the officers of his 
Division, that he was yesterday informed, in the hearing of the Com- 



2O8 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

mander in Chief ; that the officers of his Division were universally 
dissatisfied with being under his Command, and had no Confidence 
in him as an officer, and that they' had declared it publickly in many 
Places, and at all opportunities This report so injurious to them if 
false, and to him if true, he wishes to have cleared up. He therefore 
desires every Commanding officer to give him Candidly their senti- 
ments upon this matter, he promises them that if any considerable 
part of his officers are uneasy under his Command, he shall take it 
kind in them to let him know it, and will immediately remove their 
difficulties by quitting the Division the instant he finds they wish for 
it. But if on the Contrary the report has no foundation in Truth ; 
he expects & desires them to take the proper steps to bear their Pub- 
lick Testimony against it. 

(Signed) Lewis Morris A. D. C. 

In answer to the above orders, We the subscribers, officers of the 
2 nd Maryland Regiment, now in Gen 1 Sullivan's Division, do declare, 
that we have not at any time expressed any dissatisfaction, at being 
Commanded by him ; neither have we a wish, nor the least desire, 
that the Division should be Commanded by any other officer 
Tho s Price, Col E. F. Dyer Lieutenant 

Tho s Woolford, L 1 Col John Gassaway, Lieu 4 . 
Arch d Anderson, Cap* James Ewing, Lieutenant 
John Eccleston, Cap 1 Hezekiah Foard, Ensign 
Solomon Long, Cap 1 W m Wheeller, Ensign 
Lilburn Williams, Lieu 1 Jno Hardman, Lieut 1 
Benj a Price, L 1 

[John Sullivan was appointed a brigadier-general June 22, 1775,. 
and was promoted to major-general August 9, 1776. Biographical 
sketches of him may be found in the work recently published by the 
State of New York, entitled " General John Sullivan's Indian Expe- 
dition, 1779," and in Amory's " Life of Sullivan." 

The foregoing documents show that he was not only exonerated 
from all blame in regard to the Staten Island expedition, and the 
battle of Brandywine, but was endorsed by Congress and the officers 
in his division. That he enjoyed the confidence and esteem of Wash- 
ington, and of Congress, is abundantly proved by his being selected 
for the command of the army in Rhode Island, in 1778, and the com- 
mand of the expedition against the Indians in western New York, in 
I 779> tne latter requiring a person of bravery, energy, and pru- 
dence ; with a mind fertile in resources, and competent to act upon 
short notice, as circumstances might require. He filled both posi- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 2O9 

tions with credit and honor, and received the thanks of Congress, 
and of the Legislature of New Hampshire, for his conduct. In Con- 
gre'ss September 9, 1778, the following was passed : 

" Resolved, That the retreat made by General Sullivan, with the 
troops under his command, from Rhode Island, was prudent, timely 
and well conducted, and that Congress highly approve the same. 

"Resolved, That the thanks of Congress be given to Major General 
Sullivan, and the officers and troops under his command, for their 
fortitude and bravery, displayed in the action of August 29th, in 
which they repulsed the British forces, and maintained the field." 

(See also State Papers, N. H., Vol. VIII. p. 805.) 

General Sullivan's health was impaired by the hardships and 
anxiety of the Indian expedition, and on November 30, 1779, ne 
retired from the army, and returned to his home. In the House of 
Representatives, Februrary 18, 1780, "Voted, That the Hon bl Pres 
ident of the Council & the Speaker pro Tern of the House of 
Representatives, be desired to wait on the Hon ble Maj r Gen 1 Sullivan 
(now in town) and in the name & behalf of the Gen 1 Court of this 
State congratulate him on his safe return and the recovery of his 
health, and also give him thanks for his good services." 

The latter they perfomed as follows. ED.] 



[Ibid. p. 178.] 

Sir The Council & Assembly of the State of New hampshire 
in General Assembly convened are gratefully impressed with a lively 
sense of the merit of such of their Brethren as nobly stept forth in 
the hour of Distress & Danger and hazzarded their lives in Defence 
of their Country and we assure you Sir that the Readiness with which 
you left your nearest & dearest Connections to undergo the fatigues 
dangers and hardships of a military life and so often to encounter 
the enemy in the field of Battle in defence of every thing that is 
held Dear by the good people of these States, merits our warmest 
approbation & acknowledgement. It was with great regret that 
we were informed that your Health would not permit your longer 
Continuence in the army. We do in the name and by the Direction 
of the Legislature of this State congratulate you on your signal 
successes the year past, on your safe arrival in this State and the 
measure of health you have recovered & specially thank you for your 
past services We doubt not that while you remain among us you 
will exert yourself as fully in support of the Civil Rights of the 
people as you Bravely opposed their enemies in the field. 

14 



2IO REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[The foregoing, which seems to be a first draft, is endorsed, " Copy 
of an Address to Gen 1 Sullivan." ED.] 



[Colonel Bedel to General Gates, 1778. Bedel Papers, New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, p. 29.] 

Col. Hazen has communicated his business to me, and I most 
sincerely rejoice in the Probability of an expedition into Canada. I 
see no kind of Difficulty attending it, by the rout or routs proposed, 
there are three Different routs either of which I think is very Prac- 
ticable viz Directly from hence to S 1 Johns, to the river Mosca, and 
to S 1 Francois, all and every of which is marked on Col : Hazens 
plan I shall by and with the advice of Gen 1 Bayley and Col : 
Hazen have them all surveyed immediately. I shall also send three 
Different Partys to Different Parts of Canada, for intelligence, with 
orders to return with all possible expedition, a considerable quantity 
of Provisions both flower and meat may be had at this place, forage 
is plenty I have eighty Tuns at the service of my Country if wanted 
- for other Particulars I must refer you to the bearer Col : Hazen 
and shall hold myself in readiness with the remainder of my Reg 1 
at this place for your Hon rs further orders must beg to remind you of 
some Cloathing for my men. 

[The foregoing is copied from a retained copy, and bears no date. 
No doubt but it should be 1778. ED.] 



[Major Dearborn Recommended for Promotion.^ 
[Original in Department of State, Washington, D. C] 

Sir Camp at the Valley Forge Jan? 3 d 1778 

I would beg leave to recommend Major Henry Dearborn, who is 

the Eldest Major in the New Hampshire State, to fill the Vacancy 

made by Lieu 1 Colonel Colburn of Colonel Scammell's Regim* Killed 

the 19 th Septem r last. 

His Excellency Gen 1 Washington Enoch Poor, B. Gen 1 

[Endorsed] Major Dearborn Commission'd 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 211 

[R. 5-117] [Order to Enlist a Company, 1778.] 

State of \ To Cap* Daniel Reynolds. 

New Hamp r \ Pursuant to a vote of Council and Assembly you 
together with Lieu 1 John Mills and Lieu 1 Timothy Blake are ap- 
pointed to Enlist a Company of Soldiers consisting of Fifty men 
officers included to serve the United States until the first day of Jan- 
uary 1779 unless sooner discharged, to be stationed in the State of 
Rhode Island, unless some necessity should require their removal, 
but in no case to be marched out of the New England States or the 
State of New York. You are to enlist none but good ablebodied 
and effective men, and who are well accoutred. And you are to pay 
every such Soldier on his enlisting six Pounds as a Bounty, and 
assure them they shall each receive Fifteen Dollars p r Month while 
in Service, one Months pay to be advanced them by the Muster 
Master, also three pence p r mile for travel money from their homes 
to Providence in the State of Rhode Island. 

You will have an order on the Treasurer for money to pay Bounties, 
and to proceed with Expedition in raising the men and presenting 
them to the Muster Master appointed to muster your Company - 
You are to receive Two Dollars pr man for each Soldier you enlist 
who passes muster, and the same wages as an officer of your Rank 
in the Continental army. If you enlist Twenty men you will have a 
commission to be Captain of said Company. 

By order of the Council & Assembly 

M. Weare Presid* 
2 d 1778. 



[R. 5-118] {Petition of John Betton, Soldier, 1778.] 

To the Hon ble the General assembly .of the State of New hamp- 
shire The petition of John Betton being a soldier in Col Timothy 
Biddies Regiment and Capt. James Osgoods Company Your peti- 
itoner Humbly sheweth that he was taken Captive (at the Ceders in 
Canada) by the Indians in the mounth of May 1776 and being often 
Insulted by the Savages and my life threatened yet by the Providence 
of God my life was preserved tho afterwards they strip 4 me of every 
thing that I was possessed of except my Britches and was forced by 
them to walk seven miles naked except the before mentioned Britches 
you r Petitioner therefore humbly pray that you would allow me 
pay fo r my loss at the above place the articles are exhibited in an 



212 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

attested account of the same which was the whole that your Peti- 
tioner was possessed of in the world at that time and your petitioner 
shall ever pray John Betton 

Jan 1 ? i; th 1778. 



[R. 5-121] [Enlistment Document, 1778.] 

We the Subscribers Do hereby severally inlist ourselves in the 
Service of the united States of America in the Company under the 
Command of Captain Nathaniel Hutchens to continue in that Sarvice 
Two years from the Date of our Inlistment unless sooner Discharged, 
and each of us do engage to furnish Cartoch Box knapsack and 
Blankit hereby promis Obediance to the officers set over us and to be 
subject in every respect to all ruls and regulations. that are or may be 
apponted for the armey of the aforesaid state 

N. B. The names of those who are hereunto annexed Do 
acknowledg having Recvd the sum of twenty Dollers Bounty as Sol- 
ders in the Continental army 

Amos Barns george hogg his hand 

January y e 2O th 1 778 

March y e io th 1778 

Dr. The State of N. Hampshire To Cap 1 Nath 1 Hutchins for the 
Bounty of Three Soldiers by me Enlisted 

at 6. o.o^ man 18. o. o 

Nath 1 Hutchins 
the above three men named 
Amos Barns George Hogg Thomas Jameson 



[Hazen to Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 52.] 

Albany 2Q th Jan? 1778 

Sir: The Gen 1 Place of Rendezvous for the expedition to 
Canada will be at Onion River where you will meet us by the 2O th 
February without fail by such a Rout as you may judge proper, with 
all the Men and Volunteers you have or possibly can collect for the 
present purpose. Major Whitcomb will I suppose join you in the 
Rout you take. I wish you would send into Canada in order to obtain 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 213 

further information and to meet us precisely at the time and place 
above mentioned from your experience you will see the necessity of 
such a measure 

Col : Bedel Am Sir yours Moses Hazen Col. 



[General Comvay to Colonel Bedel. Ibid.} 

Albany 15 th February 1778 

Sir Colo. Hazen having wrote to you by order of the Board of 
War to raise a Number of Men for the Expedition of Canada and to 
proceed with said Men to Onion River the general Rendezvous, As 
the Troops in this Department are not likely to March as soon as it 
was expected, you are directed to remain with your Troops at Co'os 
until further orders, and to send immediately to this place, an exact 
Return of the Men you have Collected, you'll please to Direct your 
Letter to Marquiss De La Fayette and in his absence to me 

I am Sir your most Obedient Humble Servant 
Colo : Bedel Tho s Conway M. Gen 1 



[R. 5-123] [Order to Captain Giddinge, 1778.] 

State of N. Hamp r In Committee of Safety Feby 6 th 1778 
To Cap 1 Eliphalet Giddinge S r You are desired to Muster the 
two men bro* by Dan 1 Hoit but you are not to pay the bounty to 
them or any others who shall not Inlist for three years or During the 
war M. Weare Chr n 



[R. 5-123] \Nute s Petition.] 

Stafford ss. to Honourable Counsell and House of Representatives 
of the State of New Hampshire in General Asembly at Exeter 
Convened February 1778 

the Humble Petition of Leu* Samuell Nute of Rochester Humbly 
Sheweth John Nute a Soldier in Cap M c Duffee Company in Cor 1 
Stephen Evens Regiment in General Whipple Brigade who was taken 
sick at Oakham after the Serender Burgwine army & was at a Great 



214 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Expence in my Sickness and by the help of my Brother Sam 1 Nute 
was Brought home So your Petitioner Prays your Honours in your 
great wisdom would consider y e Expence in his Sickness and order y e 
Doctors Bill & his Nursing may Be Paid or otherwise as your Hon- 
ours think fit and your Petitioner in Duty Bound shall Ever Pray 
Rochester February y e 6 Day 1778 John Nute 



[R. 5-124] 

[This document is a petition from Abiel Holt, of Temple, dated 
February 6, 1778. He stated that he was taken sick in the service at 
Fort Edward, was sick a long time, and asked for an allowance. He 
was in Captain Gershom Drury's Company, Colonel Daniel Moor's 
Regiment. ED.] 

[R. 5-125] 

[Petition of Francis Powers, of Hollis, dated February 10, 1778. 
He stated that on the way from Charlestown to Manchester, Vt., he 
loaned his horse to some sick soldiers and lost it ; also that he was 
left behind to take care of sick men, in consequence of which he was 
in the service eight days longer than was allowed on the pay roll. 
Attested by John Goss, his captain, Thomas Kemp, and Isaac 
Stearns. ED.] 

[R. 5-125] 

[Petition of Nathaniel Perkins, of Rochester. He stated that he 
was in the service in 1775 and 1776, in Jonathan Wentworth's Com- 
pany, at Cambridge, and in Canada, was sick, and sent home. He 
wanted Doctor James Howe paid for attending him. Petition dated 
February 12, 1778. ED.] 



[R. 5-126] [Captain John Moody s Petition, 1778.] 

To the Honourable the Council and House of Representatives of 
the State of New Hampshire in General Court Convened the 
Petition of Cap 1 John Moody of Gilmantown Humbly Sheweth 
that in the month of December in the year 1776 he and the Company 
of Melitia under his command being part of Colonel Nahum Baldwin's 
Regiment from this State were regular discharged being then at North 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 21 5 

Castle in the State of New York that on his Return home sundry of 
the officers & soilders belonging to said Company were in such poor 
state of health that they were not able to traviel and being without 
money to help themselves with whereupon your memorialist left L* 
Josiah Sanborn Serjant Robert Bryant Gideon Robinson, & 
Samuel Oilman at the town of Redding in the State of Connecticut also 
left Serjant Joseph March to attend on the abovesaid sick and returned 
his selfe to Gilmantown and procured money to pay the expences of 
the abovesaid officers & men and Immediately set out after them the 
account of the cost and expences I herewith transmit wherefore 
your memorialist prays for himself as well as for the men that you 
will take the matter under Consideration & order such pay for him- 
self and men with the expences as in your great wisdom shall appear 
just and your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

Gilmantown February y e 15 th 1778. John Moody Cap 1 



[R. 5-128] 

[Captain Benjamin Stone's bill for recruiting men in Plymouth, 
Rumney, Holderness, etc., amounting to 80; also his printed 
order to enlist men. ED.] 



[R. 5-129] [Captain Simon Marstori s Petition, 1778.] 

To the Hon ble the Council and House of Representatives of the 
State of New Hampshire in general Court convened Humbly 
Shew The officers & soldiers of the late Battalion of Troops raised 
in this State for the Defence of the New England States & com- 
manded by Lieu 1 Col Joseph Senter Esq That they humbly con- 
cieve That by reason of the extraordinary rise of the Articles neces- 
sary for the upholding Life the wages for which they engaged are 
quite inadequate to the duty by them performed That your hon rs 
having voted the same bounty & double the wages, for those Troops 
now raising for the same service they beg leave humbly to submit to 
your wise Consideration whether it is not making a discouraging 
Discrimination unless they are put upon an equality with those to be 
raised especially as the whole of their wages are to this Day un- 
paid & due Wherefore they pray that an order may be past for 
their being paid, as those are to be paid which are now raising, & 
that justice may be done them And as bound shall pray &c 

Simon Marston Cap 1 
19 th 1778 In behalf of the officers & soldiers 



4 

2l6 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-130.] 

{Petition from Officers Relative to Losses, 1778.] 

To the Honb le the Council & house of Representatives of the 
State of New Hampshire in General Court Assembled. Humbly 
Shew The Subscribers, Officers in the Battallions of New Hamp- 
shire Troops in the Continental Army 

That at the sudden evacuation and precipitate retreat at Ticonder- 
oga they lost all their Baggage, & cloathing to a considerable amount, 
except what they had on, that afterward they were taken by the 
enemy & carried into Captivity, in which they suffered incredible 
hardships and must have perished but for the kindness of Cap* Free- 
man formerly of Boston now in Canada whose humanity prompted 
him to lend them One Hundred & Eighty Dollars, whereby they 
were enabled to procure themselves a scanty subsistance that after 
a long and tedious confinement they were (they know not how) ex- 
chang'd & transported to New York where they were dismissed 
almost naked and destitute of every means of supporting themselves 
on the way home, which they could not have reached but for the 
Charitable assistance of the People by the way That they are now 
unable to supply themselves with cloathing & other things necessary 
in order to their joining their respective regiments & to discharge 
their debt of Honour to Cap 1 Freeman. 

Wherefore they pray your honours to take their case into your 
wise consideration That you would please to repair their Loss (great 
to them) at Ticoncleroga enable them honourably to discharge their 
Obligation to Cap* Freeman, & to equip themselves that they may 
speedily return to their Duty in their Respective Regiments as their 
Bleeding country requires And as in Duty bound shall ever pray 
&c. 

Ebenezer Frye Thomas Hardy William Bradford 

James Carr Moses Dustin Asa Senter 

Caleb Robinson Joshua Merrow 

[R. 5-131] 

State of New Hamp r In the House of Representatives Feb ry 26 th 
1778 The Committee on the Petition of Ebenezer Frye, James 
Carr, Caleb Robinson, Thomas Hardie, Moses Dustin, Joshua Mer- 
row, William Bradford and Asa Senter Officers of this State lately 
Captivated and carried to Canada made Report as follows viz The 
Committee beg leave to report their opinion that the Petitioners 
shall on Lodging an account under oath with the Board of War, be 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

supplied with such articles of Cloathing as they lost at Ticonderoga, 
at the prices stipulated by the late Regulating act. But as they are 
under marching orders to join their Regiments and there is at this 
time no Cloathing made up for them in the stores & they not being 
able to receive their wages till they join the army the Committee 
recommend that the President give orders that each of the Peti- 
tioners receive out of the Treasury one hundred pounds to fit them 
out, to be by them accounted for hereafter : & it appearing that the 
Petitioners had drawn a Bill on the Treasurer of this State for the 
sum of one hundred and eighty Dollars advanced them by Cap 1 Free- 
man, it is the opinion of the Committee that the Treasurer honour 
the said Bill as soon as may be, & that the Petitioners be account- 
able for the same signed Josiah Bartlett, Chairman Which 
Report being read & considered Voted, That the same be received 
& accepted 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

John Dudley Speak r p. tern 

In Council Feb 1 ^ 27 th 1778 Read & Concurred 

E. Thompson Sec 17 



\Conway to Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 52.] 

Albany i6 th February 1778 

Sir As the Articles absolutely necessary for the Expedition of 
Canada are far from being ready, and as we are very much dis- 
appointed as to the Numbers of Continental Troops ; I must again 
pray you to remain at Co'os and not to proceed to Onion River 
untill further orders. I wish you would send me a Return of what 
Men you have properly Equipt and fit for a long March 
I am with Regard 

your most Ob 1 hum 1 Serv* 

Tho s Conway M. Gen 1 



P . 52.] 

Sir The foregoing are Copies of Orders and Letters relating to 
the Canada Expedition begun in the year 1777 I have a number 
more Letters upon the subject, which I have not Copied, being much 
to the same substance the above Extract is the date of my Com- 
mission and from whom ; I have not received one farthing for the 



21 8 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Expences I was put to for procuring articles by Gen 1 Gates Orders, 
for said Expedition only what I received from you The Men have 
been paid by the Public Tim Bedel 



[Ibid. p. 54-] 

Haverhill ; th Feb^ 1778 

Rec d of Colo : Timothy Bedel Nineteen Hundred Dollars, for the 
purpose of Raising Men which I promise to be accountable for 

John Wheelock L* Colo, 
in Colonel Timothy Bedels Regiment of Volunteers 



[Receipt. Bedel Papers, p. 76.] 

Received this Day of L l Colonel J n Wheelock the sum of four 
Hundred Dollars voted by the Continental Congress to be paid 
to the men inlisted in a Regiment of Volunteers commanded by 
Colonel Timothy Bedel, ingag'd on an expedition into Canada For 
which money I hereby promise to be accountable Witness my 
hand the 10 Day of Febry, 1778 

Joseph Taylor Capt n 
in Col Bedels regimint of Volunteers 



[Bedel to General Gates. Bedel Papers, p. 56.] 

Albany 14 th March 1778 

Sir Agreeable to your orders I raised my Reg 4 but it was not 
in my power to supply them with every necessary for the Expedition 
as I informed your Honour in a former Letter I also rec d a Letter 
from Brig r Starks informing he had the Comm d of the Expedition, 
and also informed me there was every necessary supply ordered to be 
forwarded immediately to Co'os, immediately after the Rec* of his 
Letter I rec d orders from Colo : Hazen to march that the Marquiss 
de la Fayette had the Command. I immediately mustered my Men 
found the Reg 1 Compleat and some over, the day we were to march I 
rec d orders from Gen 1 Conway to remain at Co'os untill further 
orders and in a day or two after rec d orders from the Marquiss to re- 
pair to Albany, and I find the Expedition entirely stop* I had a 
large number of Indians with me ready to march and every necessary 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 2IQ 

provided, except blankets, for all which I have never rec d one Shil- 
ling Public Money only what I borrowed in a Private way -- I have 
ever had the most favorable Intelligence from Canada that co d be got 
by Indians who are daily coming in begging something might be 
done in that Quarter or they wo d be utterly Ruin'd as they have been 
back to Canada and made a Return they dare not be seen in Canada 
as they are some suspected I have done all in my Power for the 
Expedition sho d be glad your Honour wou d inform me how I must 
make good the remittance I have been able to obtain for the furnish- 
ing my Men, as I find no supply of Cash in this Place, and my orders 
being from your Honour and every thing attended with great expence 
sho d be glad of your Honours orders and what must be done with 
the poor Savages now in the woods about Co'os. I write more 
freely as it is at their desire. The Flagg which went to S l Johns 
with L* Singleton was made Prisoners before they arrived there and 
sent immediately to Montreal and put in Close Goal which is the last 
I have heard about them we are informed of it by both Deserters & 
Indians (T. Bedel) 

To General Gates 



[R- 5-133] 

[Petition of Thomas Archibald, of Londonderry, in Captain Daniel 
Runnell's Company in 1776. Stated that he was overturned in a 
boat going from Horse Neck to Fishkill, caught cold which settled in 
his knee and rendered him unfit for service and for labor. He asked 
for an allowance. See Vol. XII. p. 462. ED.] 

[R. 5-134] 

[Ensign Jonathan Leavitt's statement relative to one of his men's 
enlisting into the Continental service. See Vol. VIII. p. 785. ED.] 



[R. 5-135] {Captain Robinson to Board of War.] 

Exeter March i6 th 1778 S r by the Bearer have sent to you the 
Following Articles for Clothing which is wanted Immediately to be 
made up 
12 P s Green Serge for Coats & Breeches 2| allow' d for 

Coats & i^ for Breeches. - 

37^ yds fine plain for face g Coat &c. -| y d to each Coat 

6 P s Druggett for Coat Lin ii y d each 



22O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

2 P s Coats for Waistcoats | y<* each 

9 P s Linen & 44 y d fine Tent Cloth ( d 

for Breeches Lining J ** ? eacil 

lb Thread 2 oz a Suit 

y d Duck for Coat Lin'g & Staying 1 3 d 

for Waistcoats j l ^^ 

200 Hooks & Eyes for Coat 2 pr. each 

ab* 290 doz Buttons for Coat 2| doz. each 

175 doz D for Breeches & Waistcoats 

10 Buttons each & 2 larger for Breeches 

The above are Computed to make ab* 100 suits of Regimentals, 
ab 1 the same Quantity is left at Exeter for 100 suits more, the price 
we give at Exeter is 4 Dollars a suit but perhaps you may have them 
done for less there is 300 suits of the same makeing in Boston at 
3 Dollars pr suit they must be well made as they will be examined 
by some person appointed for that purpose I am in great haste 

Your Hum 1 Ser* Eph m Robinson 
To John Penhallow Esq of Portsm 

President of the Board of War 



[R. 5-136] 

[Petition of Jonathan Goss, of Rye, in Captain Parsons's Company, 
1777, relative to his pay; dated Rye, March 18, 1778. ED.] 



[R. 5-137] 

[Petition dated March 24, 1778, of Benjamin Wright, of " Hartford, 
in the County of Cumberland." He stated that Benjamin Owen, of 
Captain John House's Company, Cilley's Regiment, was sick and 
died at his house, and he wanted 6 for taking care of him. Dr. 
John Williams certified to attending said Owen ; certificate dated 
Lebanon, 26th May, 1778. ED.] 



[R. 5-137] 

State of New Hamp r In Committee of Safety March 27 th 1778 
To Cap* Eliph* Giddinge S r You are permitted to pass James 

Floyd as a waiter to Ensign Merrow paying him the 

States & Continental Bounties as a State Soldier to be recorded for 
no town but for the State M. Weare Ch r 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 221 

[R. 5-138] [Captain B. Stone to Board of War, 1778.] 

State of New Hamp r To the Honourable Board of War at Exeter 

Gentlemen ; be Pleas'd to Deliver unto David Jewell his cloath- 
ing and also a Gun as he Lost his at Hubertown Battle and also when 
they Come James Barns John Tyler David Nevins Benj a Phillips 
Starling Heath George Everitt and John Whitten they all Belonging 
to 3 d New Hampshire Battalion in y e Continental army the above 
men will call on your honnours about next thirsday. I would have 
come myself and seen to the above cloathing but I shall Set out for 
Bruckline the Begining of the week in order to take the Small Pox 

from your most obedient and Humble Serv 1 

Atkinson March 26 th 1778. Benj a Stone Cap 1 

Exeter March 31* 1778 Rec d of the Board of War 

i pr Shoes & i pr overate David Jewell 

his 

Rec d 2 pair Shoes i pr overals - Sterling X Heath 

mark 

Rec d i pr Plain overalls i pr Shoes - George Everett 

Rec d i pr Shoes John Whitten 

Rec d 2 pr Shoes i pr Strip 1 overalls James Barns 



[R. 5-139] \Ephraim Robinson to Board of War.} 

Exeter March 3i st 1778 

Gent n By the bearer should be 'glad you will send ab* 20 Suits 
Cloath'g as there is ab* 40 men ready to march on to Camp as soon as 
Cloath'd & I cannot procure enough here the other Suits if done 
hope you will send likewise by some other hand with some Bayonet 
Belts another party of Soldiers about the same Number are also 
Ready to march for the Hospittal teams for which hope I shall be 
able to prepare thowith some dificulty I shall be glad to see one 
of your Hono s at Exeter To-morrow as your presence is Necessary 
I am in haste Gentl 11 your Humb 1 Serv' Eph m Robinson 

P. S. if you can send 50 Belts should be glad 
To Jn Penhallow & Joshua Went worth 



222 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-140] 

[Order to Ezekiel Worthen to enlist a company of fifty men to go 
to Rhode Island. The order is worded the same as that to Daniel 
Reynolds. See ante. ED.] 



[Marquis De La Faycttc to Colonel Be del. Copied from a copy in 
Bedel Papers, N. H. Historical Society, p. 66.] 

Albany March i6 th 1778 

Sir I have just wrote an answer to General Bayley letting him 
know that altho' our Expedition cannot be carried into Execution at 
this present moment yet he is to keep the Thousand Men he men- 
tioned in his Letter to me in the utmost readiness as they may be 
very serviceable to the United States as Scouting Parties, in Build- 
ing the Fort and Garrisoning of it when finished and in Defending 
the Frontiers of that Quarter I think Sir you would do well to en- 
gage those Men for the Campaign you will take Care to inform the 
Committees of the Measures we are taking for the Security of the 
Inhabitants in those parts, and jointly with them you will make every 
necessary Preparation for the Fort they have desired of me, and you 
will send to me* as soon as possible the answer of the Engineer to 
whom I have wrote by you, in all Sir I expect you will be very par- 
ticular in your Accounts to me respecting the matter and let me know 
the Sentiments of the People also about it you may assure them 
that Congress means to use every step in their power for their 
security, and expects in return that they themselves will exert every 
Nerve in favour of our common cause 

You will also assure those of the Militia and the Citizens in Gen- 
eral who have been Employed in the Service of the United States 
and not received their pay that we retain the highest sense of their 
Services, and that those Debts will be soon Discharged I have 
sent down repeated Expresses on the Subject, and they have given 
me the pleasure to know that there will be a sufficiency of Money 
here shortly to satisfy the whole -- You will constantly keep out 
Scouting Parties in order to prevent as much as possible any Spies or 
Parties of the Enemy from coming among us and returning again, as 
I understand there are British officers (or at least Tories) Recruiting 
in the Country you will take particular Care to Discover and Appre- 
hend them, you will keep Spies with the Enemy to watch their Mo- 
tions and learn their Intentions, and give particular Accounts of any 
Intelligence you may receive to the officer Commanding at Albany 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 223 

You will receive advices from me respecting the Settlement pro- 
posed in favour of the Indians I expect you will send me a most 
exact Return of the Militia now raised and under your command. I 
wish it to be signed by the Committee in order that I may be able to 
send down a true state of the Militia in that Quarter I believe a 
General officer will go to Review them in that Quarter 

the M r ^ De LaFayette 

To Col : Tim Bedel Commanding at Coos 

(Copy) 



{Proceedings of Committee of Fifteen Towns on the Frontier. Bedel 

Papers, p. 66.] 

Haverhill 3 d April 1778 - 

Agreeable to the Directions of the Marquiss De LaFayette in his 
orders to Colo : Timothy Bedel dated at Albany the i6 th Day of 
March last wherein he Directs that the Committee shall be Consulted 
and what Measure shall be taken for the Security of the Frontiers 
on Connecticut River, the Committees of Fifteen Towns were 
Notified to meet, and did accordingly meet at Capt. Hutchins's in 
said Town on said Day 

and Choose Jacob Bayley Esq r Chairman 

and Alexander Harvey Clerk 

Then proceeded and did vote Thanks to be given to the General for 
care and did vote that 500 Men would be sufficient at present 
And did vote that the Fort be built at or near Ammonoosuck upper 
Co'os, that a Block House be kept at or near Barnett, and good 
Scouts from Corinth to Onion River, and from the Grand Fort to 
the Blockhouse and Corinth and Barracks be built at HaverhiU, 
and some place of Safety for the Stores where Head Quarters ought 
to be kept Voted that on the Grants above Haverhill on the East 
side the River the officers proposed are Lieu 1 Storie, [it may be in- 
tended for Stone] Benjamin Sawyer, and Luther Richardson for 
the District of Haverhill, either Ephraim Patterson, Capt Hutchins, 
Capt. Hayward, Capt. Ladd, or Lieu* Barren, and as to the other Dis- 
trict Colo : Bedel is to act as he thinks best to expedite the raising 
the Men proposed 

And that Capt. Young be also appointed one of the Captains 
And also that the Chairman Transmit to the General our doings and 
to call together the Comittees on any Emergency 

Voted to Adjourn to the first Tuesday in May next at 10 Clock in 
the Forenoon 

A Copy Alex r Harvey Clk 



224 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Haverhill May 5 th 1778 

The Committees of Bath &c on the Frontiers of Connecti- 
cut River met according to Adjournment 

The Committees voted with the Marquiss's appointment of Colo : 
Bedels appointment to said Regiment. 

Recommended to Colo : Bedel to send out sufficient Scouts toward 
Metcalf in order to make Discoveries for the Security of the Frontiers 
with the utmost Expedition - 

Voted that Colo : Bedel is hereby recommended to go or send to 
the Board of War or the Commanding officer to receive their sanction 
to the above Resolve and Votes 

a Copy Alex r Harvey Clk 



[R. 5-141] 

State of New Hampshire Straff ord ss. In Committee of Safety 
April 20 th 1 778 - 

To Cap 1 Eliphalet Giddinge Pay Henry Stevens, Jacob Rice, 
Alpheus Kingsley, Joseph Wright, Asaph Butler, John Simons, and 
Stephen Dustin Soldiers in Cap* Jason Waits Company in the Con- 
tinental service Twenty Dollars each for their Continental Bounty 
they having not received it before M. Weare Chairman 



[R. 5-142] \_Sarak Cochrari s Petition.} 

State of New Hampshire, Rockingham ss. To the hon ble The 
Committee of Safety for said State now sitting at Exeter The Pe- 
tition of Sarah Cochran, of Portsmouth in the County and State 
aforesaid humbly sheweth that your Petitioner's husband John Coch- 
ran lately of said Portsmouth has for several years past been 
absent from his family and is now at Long Island without the least 
prospect of being likely to return to this State and your Petitioner 
having a large family which she finds extremely difficult to support 
in the absence of her said husband and as he has frequently 
written to her to come with her family to him your Petitioner 
humbly prays your honors w d grant her liberty to remove with her s d 
family to her husband for which favour your petitioner as in duty 
bound, will ever pray Portsmouth April 23 d 1778. 

Your Petitioner further begs that your honors would grant her 
liberty to carry her household furniture with her - 

Sarah Cochran 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 22 5 

[In Committee of Safety April 28, 1778, she was granted leave to 
go to Long Island with her children, "after having advertized her De- 
parture three weeks Successively in the New Hamp r Gazette." ED.] 



[R. 5-143] {Jeremiah Oilman s Order.] 

Col Stickney S r please to pay to Noah Emery what money is 
due to me on the Ration Roll of your regiment as allowed by the 
General Court, and his receit shall be your Discharge for the same 
from your Hble Serv 1 Jeremiah Gilman 

Exeter 25 th March 1778 



Otis & Andrews Letter 3 d Apr: 1778, in answer to N 11. 

Boston 3 d April 1778 

Gentlemen We have your favor of the 27 th ult with Colonel 
Dearborn's order in your favor for the payment of the charge that 
may attend the making up the 200 suits of Cloathes for his regiment 
We delivered him the materials for these Cloathes, that he might 
be the more conveniently accommodated in having them made under 
his direction, & for dispatch but are sorry to find that the price is 
to be 24/ ^ suit, as we have never paid more than i8/ and a loss of 
200 dollars falls on our department We are liable to censure in 
this matter, on that account, especially as the doing it was rather 
stepping out of our line 

We shall however pay your acco* when exhibited, requesting you if 
possible to get the price of making reduced. We are respectfully 
Gent. Your most obed' Serv ts 

Otis & Andrews 
Hon'ble Board of War, State of New Hampshire 



[R. 5-144] [Order to Colonel Peabody.} 

State of New Hampshire In Committee of Safety April 28, 1778 

To Col. Stephen Peabody S r You are hereby Directed forthwith 
to proceed to Providence with the troops under your Command & put 
yourself under the Commanding officer there 

15 



226 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



[Ibid} [Order to Captain Giddinge, same date.} 



To Capt. Elipht. Giddinge S r You are Desired to pay the Conti- 

fho have Inlist 
d by Maj r Ch 
M. Weare Ch 1 



1 - j. C> J.y 

nental bounty to Robert Mason and Nathan Davis who have Inlisted 
in Cap 1 House's Company for three years & mustered by Maj r Child 



[Ibid.} [Captain House s Certificate} 

these certify that George Knox hath inlisted into the Continental 
Service in my Company in Col 1 Cilleys Regiment and hath not Recvd 
his twenty Dollars Bounty. John House 

Hanover May 8 th 1778 

In Committee of Safety May 29* 1778 

To Capt. Eliphalet Giddinge pay the within named George Knox 
Twenty dollars for his Continental Bounty - 

M. Weare Ch r 



[R. 5-146] [John Foster to Joseph Gilman} 

Sir. Above you have Mem of Capt. Rowel's acco. [Items 
amounting to 19. 3. 2 omitted.] Cap 1 M c Gregore has had nothing 
here Inclos'd are two rec'ts Jn Hull & Henry Langmaid each for 
9. rec d of the Board in Cash the i8 th Sept r & 3 I st Decem r 1778 
[probably should read 1777] return'd from Camp unpaid which 
suppose must be pay'd them by Committee on acco ts & paid the 
Board in order to adjust their accounts I suppose Col Wentworth 
will write you on other matters & am most respectfully 

S r Your very hble Sr. 

May io th 1778 Jn Foster 

To M r Joseph Gilman War Office Exeter 



[R. 5-147] [Order to Eliphalet Giddinge} 

In Committee of Safety May 12 th 1778 

To M r Eliphalet Giddinge, Muster men who apply to you enlisted 
for nine months & pay them 3 d pr mile for travel from their homes 
to Exeter M. Weare Ch r 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 22/ 

[R. 5-147] 

[Oath of allegiance of Dudley Chase, brigade quarter-master, 
General Poor's brigade, dated May 28, 1778. ED.] 



[Bedel to La Fayette. Bedel Papers, p. 68.] 

Haverhill 14 th May 1778 

Sir I wrote to you on the n th April ult. informing your Honour 
what I had done with the Assistance of the Committees, and that 
the Engineer was not arrived from Boston where he was gone upon 
Business, since which he is arrived and you will receive a Plan of the 
Fort proposed with every necessary wanting, also a Return of the 
Number of Men raised, the ground is laid out and the Men ready to 
proceed upon work only wait for Provisions & the Tools mentioned 
in the Invoice. I have kept Scouts out constantly who are daily 
making discoveries of Scouts on Lake Champlain and some small 
Parties skulking in the woods Since my last there has been a Com- 
mittee from the Micmac and S* Francois Indians to know what is to 
be done and what they may depend upon agreeable to what your 
Honour mentioned to me concerning the Settlement proposed for 
them, and have gone out into the woods to Hunt untill they have an 
account further about it and hopes it will be by the Return of this 
Express who is sent on purpose 

This moment is arrived here a family who lives on part of the front 
on account of discoveries being made of small Parties of the Enemy 
and the remainder are following, and for 60 miles they are upon a 
doubt whether to remove or not, which they must do unless they can 
be Protected I am ready to March at any time when need calls 
co d I only get the necessary supplies 
Marquiss de la fayette 



[Bedel to Governor Chittenden. Ibid, p. 68.] 

Sir I have sent you a copy of orders rec d from the Hon ble Major 
Gen 1 the Marquiss de la fayette also a Plan of a Fort we are going to 
erect and a Return of the Number of men engaged. The orders I 
refer your Honour to, the men are all raised on the Grants on both 
sides the River and as both sides are upon a Connection of joining 
I tho* it my duty to Inform you of it, we are ready upon the shortest 



228 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

notice to assist you against any force that may come from the Lake 
against you as some of my Scouts have discovered Parties on the 
Lake and in the woods 
Gov r Chittenden. 



[Bedel to Gen. Gates. Ibid. p. 68.] 

14 th May 1778 

Sir I wrote to your Honour the II th April ult informing of the 
receipt of yours of the 4 th March Agreeable to your orders of 
the 15 th Nov r last and the Honble Marquis de lafayette of i6 th March 
the S* Francois & Micmac Tribes are waiting inpatiently to know 
what they are to depend upon I do all in my Power to Encourage 
them but they seem uneasy. I have sent you a Copy of my orders 
and the Engineers from the Marquiss concerning the Building a Fort 
& Garrisoning of the same with which you receive a Plan of and 
also a return of what Men we have raised for that purpose. I keep 
out Spies constantly up and down the Lake to watch the Enemies 
Motions who make Constant discoveries of Parties being out and 
some skulking Parties in the Woods The Men are raised for a 
year upon Continental Encouragement, and every thing is in readi- 
ness to begin upon the Fort the ground laid out and cleared but can- 
not Embody the Men for want of Provisions By a Deserter who 
is just arrived I am informed the officers who went with the flagg are 
removed from Montreal to Quebec Goal and are Cruelly treated 
the People are very uneasy that nothing can be done to clear them 
all I want is your Honours orders to pay them in their own Coin. 
Gen 1 Gates 



[Letter. Col. Bedel to Gen. Schuyler. Bedel Papers, p. 51.] 

Sir Agreeable to your orders dated ii th Sept r 1777 I have con- 
tinually sent out Parties to the Indians to Inform them of your In- 
tentions & also to bring them in here which has been accomplished 
and they have been in readiness to join when ever required, also 
those who sho d be assistance in the Service they sho d have an ade- 
quate Reward by yours of the 6 th Jan? 77 the Indians who have 
been employed in the Service I shall send a List of, they have had 
Provisions Cloathing, Snow Shoes &c but not rec d any Pay for 
their Service, they are here waiting to have your Honours answer by 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 22Q 

this Express, from the News I rec d from the Penobscot I was in- 
formed they had sent to Quebec for a Priest to come among them 
but from ill Consequences that might follow (as Carleton wo d send 
only such as best answered his purpose) I tho* proper to send a party 
to treat with them on the Subject (to wit) Traversie & Vincent who 
I have sent over to wait on your Honour, with three of the Chiefs 
from that Tribe. I sho d have sent an Interpreter but as they speak 
French I tho 1 it needless - 

By the best Intelligence I can get from the Indians a large Rein- 
forcement is in the River S* Lawrence the Number they can't ascer- 
tain but is very large also they Inform when the Vessells arrived at 
Ticonderoga they landed 8 Men who dispersed different ways some 
to Albany and round them parts, some by Missique Bay, which was 
met by some of our Hunters who lodged one night with them. There 
was four Subs. [Subalterns] and four Serj ts a Sub. & Serj 4 went to- 
gether, those who lodged with the Hunters informed them they were 
keeping Guards on the Lake untill the Reinforcem' arrived that they 
had got the Plans of all the Roads from Co'os On the i6 th March 
I rec d order from the Marquiss de la fayette to raise a Reg 1 for the 
defence of these parts which are Compleat. I never rec d any money 
for that purpose, and have been at great expence if I co d have Pro- 
visions Money &c. I sho d be able with my Men to stop the Progress 
of any Party they might send to this Quarter as also on the East side 
of the Lake, and those People who have been Employed in the 
Indian Service I have not one Copper to give them, and have not 
half enough to supply this Party with to Albany. I am obliged to 
Borrow all my Money being Exhausted. L 1 Col : Wheelock who 
waits upon your Honour with this will Inform you of every Particular 
if any Money can be sent by him sho d be glad otherwise the Public 
Cause must Suffer 

To Gen 1 Schuyler 25 th May 1778 

Sir I have rec d Intelligence by a Party Indians that a large Re- 
inforcement is in the S* Lawrence the number they can't ascertain 
but they say is large also Inform when the Vessells arrived at Tie 
they Landed 8 Men, 4 Subs : [Subalterns] & 4 Serg ts who dispersed 
different ways to find out our Disposition, some of our Hunters who 
were out came across two of them bound to Canada on their way to 
Misisque Bay who informed them they were keeping Guards on the 
Lake untill a Reinforcem 1 arrived and that they had got a Plan of all 
the Roads from Co'os according to my orders from the Marquiss 
de lafayette to raise a Reg 1 to Guard the Frontiers in these parts 
and to Scout I have it Compleat only wait for Provisions, Ammuni- 



23O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

tion, Money Sic to put them on actual service tho' I constantly have 
parties out. You will Receive this by L 1 Col Wheelock who will be 
able to inform you of the Circumstances of this Country & unless we 
are furnished with the articles above mentioned the People will be 
obliged to move off Hope your Honour will send an answer what 
must be done There is a number of Tories who were sent to 
Canada have been discovered Lurking about in these parts by acci- 
dent made their Escape 



[R. 5-148] {Orders to Commissary Leigh.~\ 

State of New Hampshire In Committee of Safety for said State at 

Exeter the 2 d of June 1778 
To M r Joseph Leigh of Portsmouth in said State 

You are hereby appointed Commissary, to proceed immediately to 
that post of the Continental Army where the regiments from this 
state are stationed to take charge of, & issue such stores as may 
be sent there from this state and you are to observe such orders 
and instructions as you may from time to time receive from the Gen- 
eral Assembly of this state or in the recess thereof from their Com- 
mittee of Safety or at any time from the board of war for this 
State in regard to any matters or things deliver d to your care & 
charge and you are to render a particular account of your Conduct 
in and about y e premises and make remittances for the stores deliv- 
ered to your charge as afores d agreeable to the instructions from 
time to time sent you as afores d and you are to be allowed and 
paid for your time & expense while in said service, such wages as the 
issuing Commissarys for the other New England States have & re- 
ceive for similar services 

By Order of the Committee of Safety 

John Dudley Chair 11 P. Temp. 



[R. 5-149] {Commissary LeigJis Instructions.'] 

State of New | B d f w Portsmouth 5 th j une 1778 
Hampshire \ 

Instructions for Joseph Leigh Esq r Commissary of Issues for the 
New Hamps : Troops at Head Quarters of the American Army, 
under the command of Brig a Gen 1 Poor 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 23! 

Sir. The Committee of Safety of this State having directed the 
Board to instruct you on the business of a Commissary to a supply 
of Cloathing & Shoes they have or may send forward to Camp for 
the use of the Troops rais'd by this State for the Continental Army 
We conceive the following Instructions necessary for your Gov- 
ernment in that Department. 

On your arrival at Camp you are to prepare a proper & secure 
House or Store, for the reception of. three Waggon Loads Cloathing 
& Stores (^ Invoice now delivered you) which are gone forward by 
M r Nicholas Nichols, who has orders to deliver them to Gen 1 Poor 
unless our order should overtake him previous to his reach'g camp 
You are to Issue the articles of every kind agreable to the Charge 
in the Invoice Unless a Regulation of a supply for the Troops is 
affixed in Camp In which case you are to Conform It may be 
necessary to ascertain from the General Officer Commanding the 
New-Hampshire Troops, or from the Col of each Regiment from 
time to time, what articles should be Issued to each Soldier and 
the Quantiy for one day or a month as the Regulation of Camp 
may be It is expected that payment is made to you, by each Indi- 
vidual, for the supply of them And often it may so happen that 
they are destitute of Cash for Immediate paym* in which case you 
are to obtain a Roll from the paymaster of each Regiment to what 
amount you may supply and that he become accountable to you 
for that amount, on the pay days And to no others would it be 
prudent or safe to furnish as the Intent of the supply is amply to 
provide for our Troops in the Field at a reasonable rate. Provided 
any General Officer Col or Commanding Officer Commanding the 
Troops of this State, should certify the necessity & urgency of a 
supply from the Store of any articles for a number of men without 
distinction whereby the Continental Commissary may become 
chargeable by you You are to furnish such articles and apply for 
payment agreable to the mode of Issue already pointed out but in 
case the Continental Commissary does not make payment you 
will transmit such Certificate to the Board, as you shall receive from 
the officer so certifying (keeping duplicate) bearing in mind to 
Inform the Officers of this State That those Troops march'd from 
hence this Spring were all well Cloath'd Arm'd & Accoutred 
A particular acc of which the Board will transmit you by the next 
Waggoner Whatever Cloathing & Stores may be sent you, are to 
be solely appropriated for the Troops of this State, and you may 
assure them, the Board will study to supply the store with every 
necessary without loss of time You are to remit to the Board what- 
ever proceeds in Cash from the supply we send you, by such oppor- 
tunities as your prudence may dictate 



232 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

M r Nichols who has the care of the Waggons gone forward, has 
directions to load lightly back with Flour & Iron And should he 
have occasion for moneys for that purpose, or to defray expenses 
back, you are to supply him transmitting duplicate of Rec 1 by his 
return On his setting off he was furnished with three hund d 
pounds by examining his account you will be able to Judge what 
may [be] necessary to supply as Expenses, as well to Calculate what 
may be necessary to purchase .Loads back should either of the 
articles not be attainable direct him to load with that which is 
As we are not able so fully to Instruct at this Period, as the state of 
the Camp may require (for want of Information) you are to advise 
particularly from time to time, of your progress thereby we shall 
be enabled to regulate any deficencies of these Instructions 

By order of the Board 

Copy N 21. J. P: Presid' 



[Copy. John Stark to Col. Bedel. Bedel Papers, /. 71.] 

Head Quarters 23 d May 1778 

Sir I received your Packett by Cap 1 Young together with the 
Return Plan of the Fort &c. all which I have Transmitted to Major 
Gen 1 Gates who no doubt will grant your Request in full - 

You will continue to keep constant Scouting Parties as far down 
as Saint John's, and on the other hand as far as Onion River with 
orders to watch the Motions and Discover the movements of the 
Enemy, you will send such parties as you shall judge most proper 
for the good of the service 

I am Sir your Affectionate Humble Servant 
Colo : Bedel John Stark 



\Orders from Gen. Gates to Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 71.] 

Head Quarters in the Highlands June 6 th 1778 

Sir As your Regiment is pretty respectable, you will send a 

Detachment, of one third of it to Albany, and instruct the officer 

Commanding it, to apply to General Stark and Comply with his 

orders in every Respect The remainder of it will take Post on the 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 233 

Frontiers where they will be best able to Cover the Country 
and watch the Motions of the Enemy The General Places the 
utmost Confidence in your Diligence and Activity and desires you 
will constantly correspond with him, and Gen 1 Starks, on all matters 
as may contribute to the good of the service 

I am Sir your humble servant 
Col. Bedel Rob 1 Troup A. D. C. to Major Gen 1 Gates 



[Commissary Winship to Col. Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 72.] 

Albany Q th June 1 778 

Sir In Consequence of orders rec d from Gen 1 Stark to appoint 
an Ass. Com'y of Issues at that place in order to supply the Troops 
with provision I desire you would appoint Davenport Phelps (who 
you have recommended to me as a person of undoubted fidelity) to 
act in that Capacity, or some other suitable person who will Issue 
provisions to the troops at that place, taking proper vouchers for the 
same and Strictly Comply with the Directions I send inclos d and 
whatever orders he may receive from me from Time to Time 
I am with Respect Sir 

Your most obd* hb 1 Serv* 

Eben Winship D. C. G. 



[Stark to Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 71.] 

Albany 9 th June 1778 

Sir This Morning came to Hand a letter from Gen 1 Gates to 
you which I forward by Colo : Wheelock, he likewise informed me 
that he had ordered 100 Men properly officered to this Place from 
your Regiment would be glad you would send them as soon as pos- 
sible, for the particulars enquire of Colo : Wheelock. 

I am Sir your Humble Serv' 

John Stark 

N. B. Shall expect you will keep the Scouts as usual 
Colo : Bedel J. S. 



234 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

\Cornelius Cnyler to Col. Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 73.] 

Bennington June io th 1778 

Sir I am directed by Jacob Cuyler Esq r D. C. G. P. [Deputy 
Commissary General of Purchases] (who has it command from 
Hon ble Gen 1 Starks) to endeavour in the best manner possible to pro- 
vide provisions for your Party which consisted of about Two hundred 
Men ; I am in Consequence oi such orders to me to request you will 
if any ways possible have the Provisions such as Flour and Meat Pur- 
chased as near to you as may be, giving yours, or the Commissary's 
Certificates for the Quantities furnished, which you will assure the 
Venders thereof shall be paid by M r Cuyler at his office in Albany on 
their producing such Certificates at the Market Price given for such 
articles, the great distance of Land Transportation occasions me to 
desire you to try to procure Flour near you which if that cannot be 
done, you will be so good and draw on the Commissary at this Store 
who must Endeavour to see the same sent on. please let me hear 
from you on the subject and direct to me at Albany to which place I 
return to-morrow 

I am Sir your most, obedient humble Servant 

Cornel 5 Cuyler A. C. Purch 8 
Col : Bedel or officer Commands a t Co'os 
(Copy) 

\Thomas CJiittenden to Col. Be del. Bedel Papers, p. 71.] 

In Council Bennington 1 2 th June 1778 

Dear Sir I have received Intelligence that General Gates has 
ordered all the Continental Troops from Albany to repair to his 
Camp, agreeable to which they have already marched, by which 
means this extensive Frontier is left but very thinly guarded : (Colo : 
Warners Regiment being the only Continental Troops left in this 
Department) and as there is great danger that while the grand Move- 
ments are making to the Southward, the Enemy will endeavour to 
distress the Frontiers by Scouting Parties, thereby to divert our 
Attention, and as covering the Grants on this side is a Grand 
security to those on the other side the Green Mountains, and as the 
Connection between this State and a number of Towns on the East 
Side of Connecticut River is compleated, should think it would be 
for the General good that a part of your Regiment be sent to Rut- 
land to join those raised here for the present to be under my Direc- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 235 

tion in Council, and accordingly should take it as a favour that after 
you have sent an hundred Men to Albany agreeable to the request 
of the General, you will send over such a part of the Remains of your 
Regiment as you can spare I have Consulted the Council and 
General Assembly and it is their opinion you may spare an hundred 
Men Your compliance with the above will be well accepted by D r 
Sir Your humble Servant 

Col. Bedel Thomas Chittenden 

P. S. It is advised that if you can send any Assistance to us con- 
sistent with your orders from General Gates that you send them by 
way of Onion River and so on to Rutland, which will serve as a 
Scout and Guards not only to this but your Frontier and that you Re- 
lieve them the same Rout as often as you think Expedient (Copy) 



[R. 5-147] [Captain Wedgwood's Order.} 

North Hampton June 5 th 1778 
M r Juet Commasary for the Stat of Newhampshare 

Sur Be Plesd to diliver to John Murray Provision till he Marches 
and in so doing you wold oblege you humble Servent 

James Wedgwood Cap 4 

Rec d Provision to I st July 1778 
25 days in Pork Cash for Bread 10/5 
Joseph Green 6 days in Pork Cash for B d 2/6 
Benj a Phillips 6 d d d 2/6 

John Murray 



[R. 5-147] [Colonel Bellows s Receipt.] 

State of New Hampshire June 8 th 1778 Rec d of Nath 1 Peabody 
by the hand of Joseph Rouncival One Hundred and Forty Pounds 
two Shillings for the Purpose of paying Bounties, Travel money, & 
advance Wages, to the men ordered to be raised in the regiment 
under my Command to serve in the regiment Commanded by L* Col 
Stephen Peabody in Major General Sullivan's Division now at Provi- 
dence in the State of Rhode island for which sum I will be account- 
able to the State of New Hampshire for 

140. 2 Benj a Bellows Col 



236 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



[R. 5-147] 



[Committee of Safety. Order.] 



State of New Hampshire In Committee of Safety June 24 th 1778. 
To M r Eliph* Giddinge Muster Master. You are hereby desired to 

Muster Joseph Green in lieu of Thurston and strike out said 

Thurstens name from your Roll, provided you esteem said Green to 
be as likely a soldier as the other M. Weare Pres* 



A Return of the whole Quota of Continental men Belonging To 
Hanover in Col Jon^ Chases Ridgement. \Chase Papers, p. 42.] 



NAMES 


Ages 


Stature 


Places of Abode 


Time Mustered 


Ridgement 
Ingaged in 


Robert Mason 


22 


5-10 


Hanover 


Apl. 1778 


Col. Silly 


Nathan Davis 


17 


5-6 


Hanover 


do 


do 


John Pendall 


23 


5- 2 


Hanover 


do 


Col. Hale 


Medad Taylor 


17 


5- 4 


Hanover 


do 


Col. Silly 


David Wright 


20 


5- 7 


Hanover 


do 


do 


John Hutchinson 


36 


5-10 


Norwich 


March 1777 


do 


David Fuller 


18 


5-6 


Hanover 


do 


do 


Experience Trescott 


J 9 


5- 4 


Hanover 


Feb'y 1777 


Col. Warner 


Luther Linkham 


20 


5-8 


Hanover 


Jan'y 1777 


Train 



Time engaged for 3 years 
Hanover June i8 th 1778 



Tho s Durkee Lieut. 



Sir persuant to your Direction the one half of our Company are 
Drafted to take the field on the shortest Notice Our number of 
Effective Men 42 y e whole Company about one half of which well 
accoutred, the Remainder Destitute Excepting a number of old Arms 
of no Dependance 

Our Town stock consists of about 60 lbs of American Manufactured 
powder, and 80 w* of Lead 

Hanover June i8 th 1778 - Tho s Durkee L* 

To Maj r Francis Smith att Plainfield 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 237 

[Stark to Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 71.] 

Head Quarters Albany 23 d June 1778 

Sir I must desire you will Collect your Regiment together 
and hold yourselves in readiness to march to Fort Edward as I expect 
orders hourly from General Gates for that purpose, the Hundred Men 
I sent for by L l Colo : Wheelock I hope will be on their March to this 
place if they should not don't fail to send them Immediately as they 
are much wanted here I am Sir your humble Servant 

Col Bedel (Copy) John Stark 



[General Gates to Colonel BedeL Bedel Papers, p. 71.] 

Peeks Kill 26 th June 1778 

Sir By this date I hope the One Hundred Men ordered from 
your Regiment are Arrived at Albany, and that you are yourself pre- 
pared to March with all the rest, the moment you receive General 
Starks Orders for that purpose ; a Deputy Commissary of Musters, 
has received my orders to repair to Co'os to Muster your Regiment, 
and proper Cloathing shall as soon as possible be sent to Albany for 
the whole ; where I would have you march at any Rate to Receive 
them ; therefore think it perfectly right, that you should assemble 
your Regiment at Albany by the first day of August at farthest I 
wish constantly to know all the Intelligence you can procure from 
Canada 

Traversie has my Directions to acquaint you with a message I have 
sent by him ; you will send me a full Answer in writing by the first 
safe hand that leaves Co'os 

I am Sir your humble Servant 
Colo. Bedel (Copy) Horatio Gates 



[R. 5 I 48] [Letter from Commissary LeighJ\ 

Morris Town July 2 d 1778 
Sir I wrote the Honourable Board from this place the 27 th ult 

by a private hand having no reason to doubt but it will come safe to 

hand beg leave to refer you for its contents 

I am now to inform you a Few hours after I had sent my Letter I 

came across of M r Nichols with the waggons I thought it advisable 



238 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

to repair Immediately to Camp in order to consult with General 
Poor what was best to be done for as our Army was Following 
the Enemy I was at a loss what course was best to take I got into 
Camp the day after the Battle of Freehold and General Poor advised 
the waggons to move slowly towards the North River it appearing 
to him the enemy would soon be ordered that way In consequence 
of which they will set of on the morrow and as I mean to keep 
with [them] as soon as there is a possibility of obtaining any certen 
acc ts where the N. Hampshire Regiments will be stationed so that 
business can be done with them shall then Immediately discharge 
M r Nichols from any Further attendance with y e goods agreable 
to the orders of the Hon ble Board I will not only Furnish M r Nichols 
with money but will assist him all that lays in my Power in the pur- 
chas'g of Iron & Flower to carry home with him I find the Regi- 
mental Paymasters have publick Moneys in their hands have made 
mention of it to General Poor there will be no difficulty in my obtain- 
ing orders to receive it on ace 1 of the State youl find Inclosed a 
Return of the wants of the N. H. Regiments for the Summer Cam- 
pain this Calculation does not include the articles Brot by M r 
Nichols and I Flatter myself the Hon 1 Board will be able to procure 
& Forward them to Camp with all speed together with a supply of 
Rum Sugar Tea &c &c which appears to me to be necessary as Both 
officers & men Require nothing Farther than to Fare as, well as the 
Massachusetts troops for in their store there is no want of any of 
these articles In a postscript of mine of the 27 th ult I gave the 
Hon 1 Board a particular ace 1 of the different Detachments made from 
the Continental army since they crossed the Delaware into this State 
- Of the movement of the main body towards the Enemy on the 
evening of the 25 th and of there being a probability of a General 
action soon taking place and as something of that nature actually 
did on the 28 th perhaps the Particulars (as far as they have come to 
my knowledge) may be Required at my hand therefore as it ap- 
pears to me so I convey it to the Honourable Board On the night 
of the 27 th the Enemys head quafters was at Freehold or Rather 
Monmouth court house while that of General Washington was 
three miles from English town, Distant from each other about 7 
miles As the Militia & the Detachments from the Continental 
army were Posted nigh the Enemy, there could not be any consider- 
able movement on their part but what must soon be known Early 
in the morning of the 28 th the Front of the Enemy began to march 
towards the place of Embarkation^ about 6 one mile & half from 
Monmouth Court house the attack first Began by a body of Militia of 
this State under the Command of General Dickinson, nearly about 8 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 239 

General Lee with about 2000 Continental troops began to Skirmish 
with the Enemy and for sometime drove them however so it is he 
retreated to a plain open Field Between Monmouth Court house and 
English town where they Began to make a stand. In this Critical 
moment his Excellency General Washington came up with a body of 
Fresh troops and Immediately took Posession of an advantageous 
piece of ground which Effectually secured our army from being 
Flank't, that Consequently there Remained nothing for the Enemy 
to do but to Run or Fight ; they chose the latter for a season and 
there Immediately Commenced the most Tremendous fire from the 
artillery on both sides ever known in America : of Musquetry : and 
pushing of Bayonetts. 

In fine notwithstanding the Enemy had the Flower of their army 
in action a Superiour number of Troops Engaged and doubtless the 
most vigorous Exertions on their part to break the ranks of our army 
It is with Peculiar pleasure I have to inform the Honourable Board 
that Finally the British troops gave way and left the Americans 
Master of the Field of Battle and a Compleat victory The Inclosed 
Return of the loss on both sides I fancy youl find true haveing this 
moment been favoured with it by a Gen 1 of the army of undoubted 
veracity - - The Coll 5 Cilley & Dearborn had the Command of a De- 
tachment of Infantry on our Left : their Impetuosity the Enemy 
could not withstand and first gave way to this Detachment in 
short his Excellency the General gave them as the toast of the Day 
and I thought I would not omit this Circumstance however trivial it 
may appear in the Eyes of some 

I sincerely Congratulate the Honourable Board & my Country on 
this Interest'g Event and am with Sentiments of Esteem 

Sir Your Most Obed' Hbl Serv* 

Joseph Leigh 

[The "New York Gazette," July 6, 1778, gives the British loss at 
the battle of Monmouth as follows : killed, no; wounded, 172 ; mis- 
sing, 56; total, 338. ED.] 



[Letter from John Wheelock to Colonel Bedel, Hibbard Collection, 
N. H. Historical Society, Vol. III. p. 99.] 

Albany II th July 1778 

Sir. Everything was happy on our march, and for a Day after our 
arrival, excepting some few individuals appeared to be a little uneasey 



240 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

but the spark that before appeared, on a sudden diffused through 
the whole detachment -- The men were united affirm they were 
fraudulently delt by Expected to be absent but a few weeks, but 
were now to be detained as unlimited Continental Soldiers that 
they were promised four Pounds per month ; yet are to receive but 
forty shillings that they had not received Cloathing which General 
Gates sent for three weeks ago for the whole Regiment ; and which 
General Stark has for some time, & is now continually expecting ; 
& why it don't arrive, we cannot say 

I made an impartial report to the Gen'l of the above matters, who 
treated them with all softness : but their minds were so inspired 
with apprehension, that they could not be pacified At length a 
considerable party determined to quit the place ; upon which the 
General ordered Colonel Stacey's Regiment to be paraded & secure 
the obstinate : after which event the men appeared more moderate 
as the Gen : told them he wou'd see justice done them. They were 
willing to be mustered agreeable to their Inlistment : but the muster- 
master refused to muster them, unless as Soldiers to serve as all 
other Continental Troops, through the United States Finally the 
Gen 1 consented, and the men were cheerfully willing to serve here 
during the term proposed, when they came away, without being mus- 
tered. 

I know of no misstep, that the officers in this Detachment have 
taken in the whole affair and were the same event again to take 
place, I know of no material alteration, that we should make in our 
proceeding We think it of the utmost importance, that you should 
be here before the first of August ; as you are the Commander of the 
Regiment ; and something might be determined upon, that could 
prevent the unhappy consequences, that might otherwise ensue 
Cap* Nelson waits on you with this letter, who proposes immediately 
to return He can inform you of perticulars which I have communi- 
cated in the Gross The Officers concur in what I have wrote. 
I have the happiness to subscribe myself, Sir, 

your sincere & most obedt humb : Servt 

Colo : Timothy Bedel Esq John Wheelock 

{General Jacob Bay ley to General Gates. Hibbard Coll., N. H. 
Historical Society, Vol. IV. p. 87.] 

Newbury 13 th July 1778 

S r Col Hazen arrived here last evening, and has Communicated 
to me that his business is respecting a land road into Canada to- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 24! 

gether with what Provisions may be had here it is my opinion by 
the many observations I have made of the Country between this and 
Canada, that it is very Practicable I have once by Maj r James Wil- 
kinson surveyed a road from this to S 1 Johns which marked and 
good at 95 miles the same is made about 30 miles the remainder 
well marked We have also surveyed to the South end of Memproma- 
gog which we find good from thence to Mosco [Missisquoi ?] it has 
the appearance of a good Country for a Road as to the distance I 
refer you to the Plan Col Hazen has, which I can assure is true as 
far as Canada line and St Johns, the water carriage on this River is 
good from Herford to 20 miles above iso [?] except five or six short 
Rapids or falls where their are good cart roads I have noc the 
least doubt but six eight or ten thousand bushels of wheat may be 
purchased in this quarter, and beef in plenty, as to forrage If 
wanted I will supply from my farm 100 Tun of Hay &c 

Should an Expedition into Canada be undertaken (if wanted) I 
will assist, and with Col Bedel think we can rais 1 500 men for that 
servise and I should think myself Happy to serve another successfull 
Campaign with your Hon r which I doubt not but one into Canada 
would be. J. Bayley 



[Colonel Bedel to General Gates. From Original Retained Copy in 
Bedel Papers, /. 74.] 

Haverhill July 15 th 1778. 

Sir Yesterday morning I was favoured with an Express from 
Col : Hazen then at this place, which found me at Hagan River about 
8 miles from here where I went a few Days past to meet Osgood a 
spy which I had some time last winter sent into Canada for intelli- 
gence as also to meet some families of indians from S 1 Francois. 
Osgood the spy was Discovered and made a Prisoner at S 1 Francois, 
carried to Montreal goal where he remained fourteen Days, then at 
the request of Col : Peters was liberated and suffered to live in his 
Kitchen, about the latter end of February or first of March, a Torry 
Express arrived at Montreal, with accounts of a winter Expedition 
being intended by Congress to be carried into Canada Whereupon 
he was again taken up and thrown into close Jail. That immediately 
the Jails ware crowded with the leading People amongst the inhabi- 
tance. That several of the Churches was taken for that purpose, in 
the Citys of Montreal Quebec, and the Country, that those Pris- 
oners rejoiced in their confinement, they Dayly received refresh- 

16 



242 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

ments from multitudes of the inhabitants even the Coughnawaga 
Indians That he was soon after Transported to Quebec where he 
was put into Jail for several Days and from thence sent to the Lower 
end of Orleans Together with many other Prisoners under the care 
of Two British officers, from whence he made his Escape the 
fifteenth of May last. That no vessells of any kind, had then arrived 
from Urope That the City of Quebec was also alarmed by a Party 
from Kenebeck to Sategan. [?] That great Numbers of the inhab- 
itance from the South Shoar, and elsewhere, was taken up and con- 
fined, who ware still suffering in Jail when he left that Country 
That at least -fth of the inhabitance of Canada would have joined the 
Continental Standard immediately on the arrival of a Party of their 
Troops over the Ice in the winter. That the whole force of Canada 
does not exceed 2000 men in arms Two families of indians from 
S* Francois, which place they left the last of May inform that both 
Canadians and indians ware greatly Disappointed in the failure of 
our last winters expedition. That the heavy cannon ware a moving 
from S* John to Quebec, that they are still ready to join our armies 
in that Country a Chief of the Sategan Tribe was also at Hagen 
river, who confirms the above information, and he also adds that the 
Satagan Tribe to the number of one hundred families have left there 
village at Sategan and came to rocamico on Ammescoggen River and 
are Determined not to return to Canada That the cause of their 
removal was the Threats and frowns from the Governor, for suffering 
that part of Canada to be alarmed by a small Party of the rebels the 
last winter and most solemnly Promising that if any thing of that 
sort should happen in future their Habitations should be Distroyed 
and village burnt a Scouting Party has returned from S l John's 
without makin any great Discoverys, they say that there is a number 
of new buildings at S 1 John's a block house on the east side the river 
in which is a few Troops and a small guard of indians, That they 
think there is not above Two hundred Troops at S* Johns That 
they saw two large Ships and some other small Craft take in Pro- 
visions at S* Johns and afterwards sail up the lake, which informa- 
tion they thought necessary to bring as soon as Possable to this place 
all the above intelligence I am confident may be relied on. Osgood 
left on the He of Orleans the three men sent with Singleton in a flag 
last fall 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 243 

"[Copy of Letter. Colonel Bedel to Lieut. Col. John Wheelock. Bedel 

Papers, p. 75.] 

Haverhill iQ th July 1778 

Sir Your favour I received by Cap 4 Nelson am sorry to hear of 
the uneasiness which has prevailed among the men, they may depend 
-upon it every thing in my power shall be done to make every thing 
easy I have sent you Inclosed Copies of Letters to Gen 1 Gates 
the Commanding officer at Albany, the Instructions given to the off rs 
and a copy of a Letter from Gen 1 Stark's to Gov r Chittenden by which 
you may Judge of the Reasons of our Treatment I wo d have you 
use your Influence with the Men as much as possible to make them 
easy for a short space of Time. I am convinced it will not be long 
and I believe Cloathing &c will arrive for them Col Hazen upon 
his arrival at Head Quarters will be able to give a particular account 
of our Situation here in this Quarter. I wo d have you immediately 
upon the Receipt of this proceed to Gen 1 Gates as you will see by 
the Inclosed I have nothing more at present to write to him, but 
Spies have been discovered three different ways, one of which is 
taken he was from Canada, and informs he expected a Party wo d had. 
been upon this River before this. The main weight of the Men wo d 
willingly have marched to Albany, only leaving a Guard here had it 
not been for Gen 1 Starks Letter to Gov r Chittenden, and the Com- 
mittees were not willing, as they supposed every thing here to be in 
the utmost danger, they are willing to march to the Northward agree- 
able to their Inlistments If things are likely to succeed for an 
Expedition to Canada which you will find by Gen 1 Gates, you will 
desire the liberty for our men to return and others sent to relieve 
them as we shall be more handy here to March this way. I shall be 
glad to know your proceedings if you can get Liberty to come your- 
self shall be glad, otherwise send by Express 

I have parties out three different ways into Canada and have sent 
Surveyors to Plan and mark the Roads, that Gen 1 Bayleys Sentiments 
agrees with mine and has wrote pretty much the same to Gen 1 Gates 
as you find my Letter, it will be necessary you sho d return as speedy 
as possible if we march this way you may inform the Gen 1 we shall 
be able to raise about 1500 or 2000 Men to March into that Country 
Your idea of the Circumstances of the affair & the Copies you 
receive will point out to you what you think will be best to Commu- 
nicate to Gen 1 Gates, you will use all precautions imaginable to bring 
things to bear and use your utmost endeavours to accomplish every- 
thing you may judge for the good of the service I saw one of the 
Chiefs of the Satagan Tribe at Hegan River who informs that both 




244 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Canadians and Indians were greatly disappointed in the failure of 
our last Winters Expedition that the heavy cannon were moving 
from S 1 Johns to Quebec that they are still ready to join our army in 
that Country also that the Satigan tribe to the Number of one hun- 
dred families have left their Village at Sattigan and come to Roca- 
meco on Ammoscogan River and are determined not to return to 
Canada, that the cause of their removal was the threats & frowns 
from the Enemy, for suffering that part of Canada to be alarmed by 
a small party of the Rebels last winter, and most solmenly promising 
that if any thing of that sort should happen [in the] future their Hab- 
itations sho d be destroyed & village burnt some things are not to 
be made known to every one which you will I make no doubt observe 
L* Colo : Wheelock 



[R. 5-149] \_John Penhallow to Board of War.] 

Boston monday morning July 2O th 1 778 

Dear Sir Imbrace the Earliest opportunity by a Person who is 
going no further than Newbury Port, but hope this will get to hand 
by Wednesday. I acquainted you in my last that I could do nothing 
at Newbury the articles we wanted were not to be had, then made 
the best dispatch in my way to Salem, where I arrived safe Fryday 
afternoon Immediately applied to M r Stephen Higginson for the 
goods and shew him my memorandum, but upon going round the 
Town, found the Connecticut and Rhode Island agents, had made 
sweeping work by their large purchases, and bought up the Linnens, 
Stockings &c. that in short nothing left of the kind to be purchased, 
but as there is a Grand Prize arrived at Salem taken by one of their 
Privateers in the mouth of Canada River, valued at Thirty thousand 
Pounds Sterling, M r Higginson has Promised me to Examine the 
Invoices and by Wednesday to write me whether the articles are on 
Board said Prize that we want to purchase. A Saturday when I got 
to Boston, went upon the search again for the goods, but at Present 
have no prospect of Succeeding, however I have applied to a worthy 
acquaintence of mine who will do every thing in his power to assist 
me in the affair. Shall soon write you again whether to send the 
waggons or not If can procure this morning Newspaper will inclose 
it pr this opportunity. I hope you have Purchased Capt. Woodbury's 
Osnabrigs I am agoing to make another visit round the Town this 
Forenoon, to see what can be done I have nothing further at 
Present, but am D r S r with great esteem 

Y r affec* Friend & Hum 1 Servant 

John Penhallow 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 245 

I congratulate you on the News of the French Fleet arrived they 
are under the Direction of Congress a grand Stroke is to be Struck 

[Superscribed] On Public Service To Joshua Wentworth Esq. 
Board of War At Portsmouth 



{John Penhallow to the Board of War. N. H. Historical Society's 
Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. I. p. 105.] 

Boston July 23 d 1778 

D r Sir I rec d your Favour of the 2O th Instant and observe the 
Contents, deliv'g the Certificates, Message about Sugar, and Cap* 
Langdons Tichlenburgs, and also of M r Leigh, Returning towards 
North River I find the articles we want Exceeding scarce and 
dear. I have purchased about nine Bolts of osnaburgs and one of 
Tichlenburgs at 8/ pr yard, and about 400 yards of other Cloaths that 
will answer the same end, but am oblig d to pick it up in every part of 
the Town I have also purchased about 1 5 doz yarn Stock'gs very high 
and no more at present to be had, all the thread hose I have been 
able to purchase ; there is but one man that I can Persuade to take 
the Certificates, hope to pay them away this Morning for Linnen &c. 
Shall be able to Fill Two If not Three hh ds of goods and beg the Fa- 
vour of you to Forward the Waggon as soon as Possible. If I leave 
Boston before the Waggon arrives I shall leave the goods in the Care 
of Ellis Gray Esq r to be Del'd your order I fell in with M r Cush- 
ing the last Evening who had a Vessell Just arrived from France, out 
of which I hope to get a Further Supply. I shall do every thing 
that Lays in my Power to procure the goods, which at Present Cannot 
be done, unless they are on Board M r Cushings ship from France. If 
I have goods of any Person I must Engage the Running Money 
therefore please to Lay in with the Treasurer for that to be had as 
soon as Possible as the Credit given here will be very short 

Its Recommended by Gen 1 Washington to the State to send out 
all their vessels of Force to Intercept the Cork fleet bound to New 
York with provisions, take the hint and send the Sullivan 

I shall git home as soon as Possible Excuse the above being in 
great haste 

I am D r S r with great esteem, 

y r Friend & hum 1 Servant 

Joshua Wentworth Esq r John Penhallow 

[Addressed] To Joshua Wentworth Esq r Board of War att Ports- 
mouth 



246 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-150] [Commissary Leigh to Board of War.} 

North Castle July 24 th 1778 - 

Sir This will be delivered you by M r Nicholas Nichols and 
serves to inclose you Rec ts for Cash & Flower agreeable to the In- 
closed Invoice Possably the Long Detention of the Waggons may 
occasion some degree of surprise on the part of the H. Board 
therefore would beg leave to observe in General Terms that the very 
uncertain Movements of our Army made a step of this nature Indis- 
pensably necessary : however painful and Disagreeable it was to me 
to have on hand so many of the Necessarys that the troops stood in 
much need of yet their moveable posture put it Intirely out of my 
power to administer to them any kind of Relief however on the 
whole have acted intirely agreeable to Gen 1 Poors advice and as that 
Gen 1 has wrote the board on the occasion hope shall not be even sus- 
pected of being Inattentive to my business I would Just Beg leave 
to observe to the H. Board that yesterday and the day before I Issued 
to the troops to a Considerable Amount Accord'g to Rule in about 
three weeks a payment of the troops will take place and then shall 
without loss of time make the most spediest Remittance to the H. 
Board In order that they may in some Measure be Enabled to 
Further the virtuous intentions of Government in forward'g to Camp 
such ample supplys so that I may be Enabled to act myself by deliv- 
ering to each man an adequate supply of such necessarys as he may 
stand in need of there is no consideration would Tempt me Either 
to Flatter Government or the Hon le Board and would wish through 
the Channell of the Board y l Government might be made acquainted 
that a Perseverance of the Present plan in supply'g their troops at 
the Reasonable Rates they are now fixt at will quickly Regain them 
the Confidence of their troops In short the most sensible part of 
them are highly pleased at the thoughts of their not being so much 
neglected as heretofore and I make not the least doubt but did the 
H. Board know how much our troops suffered during the Course of 
the last Winter they would Fully Join in sentiment with me that 
under God his Excellency our General is indebted to the virtue of the 
Soldiery for that Respectable Army he now Commands In mine 
of the 2 d Ins 1 1 transmitted the H. Board everything I at that time 
knew with Respect to the Memorable Battle of Monmouth and still. 
Believe that ace 1 to be nearly right with this addition that the num- 
bers of the Enemy slain Included about 40 supposed to be Buried by 
the Enemy themselves & had his Excellencys plan bin as well Ex- 
ecuted as it was (in my opinion) laid it doubtless would have bin 
still more Important however I cannot but think it an Important 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 247 

affair : for at least it will serve to Convince the whole world that the 
Americans Dare face their Enemy in the Open Field & Beat them 
too with Inferior numbers the principal part of our army now layes 
at the White plains its Impossible for a man to Determine what 
will be done but I am rather Inclinable to think y 4 something impor- 
tant will soon take place for as it is expected y 1 a very powerfull 
fleet of Spanish Ships is arrived by this to act In Conjunction with 
the French, I cannot think that a Force so strong both by sea & 
land will Remain long in a state of Inaction But doubtless a short 
time will Determine You doubtless will be informed by the wag- 
goners of their misfortune in looseing their wheels & one of their 
horses for a short space, I humbly Conceive it to be absolutely neces- 
sary that both Horses & Waggon Wheels ought to be stampt with 
some kind of a mark so that they may be known when seen again 
In your esteemed favour of the io th Ins 1 Received ^ Coll Titcomb am 
inform'd I may soon expect a supply of Rum &c and shall only ob- 
serve y* Immediately on their arrival shall Dismiss y m with a load of 
Flower haveing already purchased & made payment for enough for 
three Waggons Youl find in the Invoice three Bbls of superfine 
Flower with different marks its true I had no orders for so doing 
but then if any loss shall accrue to Government will be answerable 
for the same The absolute necessity of my Return'g without loss 
of time to where my goods are stored prevents my being so particular 
as I could wish, therefore in my next will Descend more Into particu- 
lars and in the Interim youl give me leave to assure you that I am 
with all possible marks of Esteem, 

Sir Your Most Obed* Hbl Servant 

Joseph Leigh 



[R. 5-151] {Joseph Boyd Recommended.] 

To the Hon ble Gent n of the Committee of Safety at Exeter - 

We the subscribers being Personally acquainted with M r Joseph 
Boyd of Pemaquid, and are of opinion he is Real Friend to the States, 
as he has Been in this River a Trading 

Nath 1 Folsom 
Neal M c lntyer 
Portsmouth July 24 th 1778- Benj a Bigelow 

[Mr. Boyd was permitted to carry away eighty bushels of bread 
corn. ED.] 



248 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-151] \Robert Taggart Recommended.'} 

Gen 1 Hospital Providence July 3i st 1778. 

This Certifies that since the Regiment Commanded by L* Col. 
Peabody has been on duty in this State Rob* Taggart has acted in 
the Station of a Surgeon's Mate That he has appeared sober & 
diligent in his business, and I recommend his appointment to that 
place Jon a Arnold Direct. Gen 1 

To whom it Concerns 



{Letter. Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, N. H. 
Historical Society, p. i.] 

Camp at White Plains July 25 th 1778 

Dear Sir I am very sorry to find that by the Present Cestem 
[System ?] of Politicks our proposed expedition to Canada, must be 
Post poned. Congress, the Commander in Chief, and Gen 1 Gates, have 
the union of that Country much at heart But the arrival of the 
french fleet and the effectual measures which they have taken to block 
up Lord Howes fleet both at New York and Rhode Island, Com- 
mands the attention of our Generals to this Quarter, in hopes of 
Burgoining Clintons Army 

With respect to your own Reg 1 Col Wheelock will inform you. I 
would advise your sending over to Albany all the men that you can 
persuade to march the remainder may be retained untill matters 
are further settled as scouting parties and to guard your frontier &c. 

let General Bayley draw a Petition to Congress seting forth in the 
strongest terms the utility of that Country at present to the Public, 
it being a frontier, and the service it may be of in a future Day, on 
an expedition to Canada. The services which you have heretofore 
rendered the Public &c. which you or Col. Wheelock should carry to 
Congress and get the Reg* settled some way or other on a Certain 
footing. Shall be glad to hear from you and to know the report of 
the Parties you sent into Canada and to survey the road. 

I am yours &c 

Colo. Bedle Moses Hazen 



[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 

We the Subscribers acknowledge we have reed the within 
sums to our Names affixed as one Months advance pay Rec d of 
Benjamin Bellows Esq. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



249 



The Names of the Men in Claremont. 



Lieut. Barnabas Ellis 
Corp 1 James Aldin 
Jude Benjamin 
Corp 1 Joseph Clark 
Oliver Cook 
Daniel Ford 
Josiah Hatch 
John Verry 

Simon Rumrille 
Eben r Kingsbury 



Asa Spofford 
Aaron Adams 



Luman Gee 
Silas Mack 



Stephen Kidder 
Joseph Woods 
Ebenezer Fielding 
Silas Royce 
William Osgood 
Levi Higby 
Dan. Clark 

Alstead. 

Samuel Fletcher 
Asa Hatch 

Charlestown. 



Christopher York 
Amasa Fuller 
Reuben Spenser 
Henry Stevens 
Moses Allin 
Edward Grannis 
John Spencer 



Jacob Wardner 



John Simonds John Cross 

Benj. Jones (James Call went for Jones) 



Marlow. 

Jon a Fletcher 
David Howard 

Newport. 
Jesse Bailey 

Springfield. 
John M c Roberts 

Walpole. 



Andrew Boynton 
Jesse Scovill 



Martin Dammon 



Aaron Stearns 



[See Vol. XV. pp. 23-33. They receipted for 4. 10. 
except Lieutenant Ellis. ED.] 



o each, 



250 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



A Muster Roll of part of Captain Charts Nelsons Company in 
the Battalion of Forces in the Sarvice of the United States 
Commanded by Col. Timothy Bedel, 1778. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 

A . f , ( April I st 1778: Capt. Charls Nelson Liut. 
Appointed _ do _ do 2 nd Lieutnant Ezra Moor 



Apointed 


Sargt. 


Term 


Inlisted 


Privete 




April 1778 
do 


John Starke 
Constant Bliss 


i. yere 
do 


April 
do 


Christopher Cary 
Simon Gillit 


i. yere 
do 


do 


John Asborn 


do 


do 


Alpheus Phillips 


do 




Corporals 




do 
do 


Alexander Phelps 
Solomon Root 


do 
do 


do 


Aron Post 


do 


do 


Aron Trusdoll 


do 


do 


Thomas Footer 


do 








do 


Amos Skiner 


do 










Drumbr 










do 


Thomas Devine 


do 









Charles Nelson Capt. 

Albany July 30 1778 Mustered then part of Capt. Charles Nelsons 
Company as Specified in the above Roll 

Richard Lush Dept. M. M. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



251 



A Muster Roll of part of Capt. William Toltons Company In the 
Battalion of Forces in the Service of the United States Com- 
anded By Colo. Timothy Bedel 1778. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 





Apointed 


Sargt. 


Term 




I 


April 1778 


Jonas Chapman 


i. yere 






Inlisted 


Privates 






I 


April 


David Richason 


do 




2 


do 


Benja. Sanborn 


do 




.3 


do 


Nemiah Snow 


do 




4 


do 


Benjamin Wells 


do 




5 


do 


Nathaniel Webster 


do 




6 


do 


Samuel Hogdge 


do 


. 



Charls Nelson Capt. 

Albany July 30 1778 Mustered then part of Captain William Tol- 
tons Company as Specified in the above Roll 

Richard Lusk, Dept. M. M. 



252 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



A Muster Roll of Part of Captain Joseph. Taylors Company in 
The Battalion of Forces in the Service of the United States 
Commanded by, Col. Timothy Bedel 1/78. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 



No 


Apointed 


Serjeants 


Terra 


Remarks. 


I 


April 1778 


Jabez Baldwin 


i. year 






Inlisted 


Privates 






I 


April 


Asa Call 


do 




2 

3 


do 
do 


Eden Dyke 
Calvin Dyke 


do 
do 


Under Guard 


4 


do 


Amasa Fuller 


do 




5 


do 


Valentine Flossington 


do 




6 


do 


Asa. Hodges 


do 




7 


do 


Levi Hyde 


do 




8 


do 


Luke Lamfiear 


do 




9 


do 


William York 


do 





Albany July 30 1778 Mustered then part of Captain Joseph Tay- 
lors Company As specified in the above Roll. 

Richard Lush Dept. M. M. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



253 



Pay Roll of Captain Ezekiel Ladd's Company in Col. Timothy 
Bedels Regiment Raised for the Defence of the Frontiers on 
and adjacent to Connecticut River. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 



NAMES & RANKS 


Commencement 
of Pay 


Time of 
service 


Pay P month 


Total amouut 
of Pay. 






mos 


days 


Dollars 





S. 


p. 


Ezekiel Ladd. Captain 


I st Apl. 1778 


12 


// 


40 


144 





o 


James Ladd. I st Lieutenant 


do 


12 


II 


27 


97 


4 





Ephraim Patterson 2 nd Lieut. 


do 


12 


II 


27 


97 


4 


o 


Daniel Stevens Serjeant 


13 th do 


II 


18 


8 


27 


16 


9 


Thomas Richards Serjeant 


II th do 


II 


20 


8 


27 


19 


ii 


Joseph Webb Serjeant 
John Sanders Serjeant 


8 th do 
8 th do 


II 
II 


23 
23 


8 
8 


28 
28 


4 
4 


8 
8 


Seba Bebee Corporal 


6 th do 


II 


25 


71 


26 





7 


John Mills Corporal 


6 th do 


II 


25 


74 


26 





7 


Ezra Gates Corporal 


9 th do 


II 


22 


74 


25 


19 


ij 


Abel Davies Corporal 


9* do 


II 


22 


74 


25 


19 


ij 


David Ladd Drummer 


6 th do 


II 


2 5 


74 


26 




7 


John Richards Fifer 


9 th do 


II 


22 




2 5 


jg 




John Andross Private 


I st May 


II 


* 


6| 


22 


O 





Levi Andross Private 


June I st 


10 




6 


20 






Abijah Bayley Private 
Moody Bedel Private 


9 th April 
8 th do 


II 
II 


22 
23 


gf 


23 
23 


9 

10 


4 
8 


Samuel Crook Private 


ii th do 


II 


20 


6| 


23 


6 


8 


Hill Chandler. Private 


7 th do 


II 


24 


6f 


23 


12 





John Clark Private 


30 th do 


II 


I 


6f 


22 


I 


4 


Edward Clark Private 


7 th do 


II 


24 


6 


23 


12 




Joseph Clark Private 
Robart Carr Private 


14 th do 
9 th do 


II 
II 


17 

22 


3 


23 
23 


2 

9 


8 
4 


Andrew Crook Private 


9 th do 


II 


22 


6| 


23 


9 


4 


Abner Chandler Private 


7 th do 


II 


24 


6f 


23 


12 




Philer Chandler Private 


I st May 


II 




6| 


22 


// 


n 


Thomas Crook Private 


June I st 


10 




6 f 


20 






Charles Crook Private 


June I st 


10 






20 






Ezekiel Colby Private 


9 th Apl. 


II 


22 


6| 


23 


9 


4 


Gordon Dustin Private 


io th do 


II 


21 


6| 


23 


8 




Daniel Davies Private 


2 nd June 


9 


29 




19 


18 


8 


Thomas Davies Private 


8 th Apl. 


ii 


23 


6f 


23 


10 


8 


Jonathan Elkins Private 


9 th do 


ii 


22 


6| 


23 


9 


4 


Jonathan Elkins Jun r do 


9 th do 


ii 


22 


6f 


23 


9 


4 


Ezekiel Ladd 


8 th do 


ii 


23 


6| 


23 


10 


8 


Jonathan Farewell Pri. 


8 th April 


ii 


23 


6| 


23 


10 


8 


Seth Ford Private 


t 


10 






20 






Hezekiah Ford by his son as > 
substitute Joseph Ford $ 


8 th April 


II 


23 


6f 


23 


10 


8 


Stephen Gates 


9 th do 


II 


22 


6f 


23 


9 


4 


Edward Green 


9 th do 


II 


22 


6 f 


23 


9 


4 





* Illegible. 



t Torn out. 



254 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



NAMES & RANKS 


Commencement 
of Pay 


Time of 
service 


Pay P month 


Total amount 
of Pay. 


Bradbury Green 


9 th April 


mos 
II 


days 
22 


Dollars 

6| 


; 
23 


S. 

9 


p. 


Amos Heath 


8 th do 


II 


23 


6f 


23 


10 


8 


Michal Johnston 


13 th do 


II 


18 


6f 


23 


4 


8* 


Elisha Lock 


13 th do 


II 


IS 


6 t 


2 3 


4 


8* 


William Lock 


8 th do 


II 


23 




23 


10 


8 


Joseph Ladd 


II th do 


II 


20 


6| 


22* 


6* 


8 


Jonathan Ladd 


6 th do 


11 


25 


6| 


23 


I 3 


4 


Stephen Lund 


12 do 


II 


19 




23 


5 


4 


Jonathan Lovering 


23 rd do 


II 


8 


6| 


22 


10 


8 


John Martin 


8 th do 


II 


2 3 


6f 


2 3 


10 


8 


Nathanael Niles 


9 th do 


II 


22 


6| 


23 


9 


4 


Israel Olmsted 


8 th do . 


II 


2 3 


4 


2 3 


10 


8 


Jchabod Patterson 


7 tn do 


II 


24 


6f 


2 3 


12 




Benjamin Patterson 


June I st 


IO 




6| 


20 


1 8* 


8* 


Richard Pillsbury 


io th Aprl. 


II 


21 




23 


8 




Richard Pillsbury Jun r 


10 do 


II 


21 


52. 


2 3 


8 




Josiah Pillsbury 


io th do 


II 


21 


6| 


2 3 


8 




Jonathan Ring 


9 th do 


II 


22 


6|| 


2 3 


9 


4 


Simeon Root 


9 th do 


II 


22 


^f 


2 3 


9 


4 


Moses Stevens 


ii th do 


II 


20 


51 


2 3 


6 


8 


Francis Stevens 


11* do 


II 


20 


6| 


23 


6 


8 


John Skeels 


io th do 


II 


II 


* 

6^| 


2 3 


8 


8 


Avery Sanders 


13* do 


II 


18 


6| 


2 3 


4 




Daniel Stevens Jun r 


13 th do 


II 


18 


6| 


2 3 


4 




Simeon Smith 


9 th do 


II 


22 


6^ 


2 3 


9 


4 


Moses Sleeper 


io th do 


II 


21 


6 I 


23 


8 




Joseph Thurber 


6* do 


II 


2 5 


^ > 

Oj 


23 


J 3 


4 


John Way Jun r 


7 th do 


II 


24 


6^ 


2 3 


12 




John Winslow 


9 th do 


II 


22 


6f 


2 3 


9 


4 


Reuben Whitcher 


10* do 


II 


21 


6| 


23 


8 





816 19 4 f 



* Doubtful. t Figures indistinct has the appearance of 81 1 9 4 

[See Vol. XV. pp. 584-593. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



255 



A Muster Roll of the men Raised in the Sixth Regiment of 
Militia in the State of New Hampshire for the Defence of 
Rhode Island [1778] 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 



NAMES 


Time of Inlisting 


Town they served for 


Place of Residence 


Paid Bounty 
and Travel 
of ye men 


Peirce Hall 


; uly ii 


Winchester 


Winchester 


39 


10 


Joel Roberts 


July II th 


Winchester 


Winchester 


39 


10 


Asa Daggit 


July 5 th 


Westmorland 


Westmorland 


42 


o 


Perly Rogers 


July 5* 


Westmorland 


Westmorland 


42 





Nath 1 Runnels 


July 5 th 


Westmorland 


Putney 


42 





Aarthur Gary 


July 7 th 


Surrey 


Keen 


42 





Jonathan Creasey 


July 8* 


Chesterfield 


Chesterfield 


4i 





John Putman 


July 8* 


Chesterfield 


Chesterfield 


4 1 





Martin Hildrich 


July 8* 


Chesterfield 


Chesterfield 


4i 





John Whitcomb 


July 7 th 


Swansey 


Swansey 


40 





Eliphalet Hall 


July 7'h 


Swansey 


Swansey 


40 





James Balloo 


July 12 th 


Richmond 


Richmond 


40 





Isaiah Thurber 


July 12 


Richmond 


Richmond 


40 





Richard Westcoat 


July 12 


Richmond 


Warwick 


40 





Ephraim Witherel 


July 9 th 


Keen 


Keen 


4i 


10 


Jesse Smith 


July 13 


Gillsum 


Washington 


42 





Thomas Bishop 


July 6 


Hinsdale 


Hinsdale 


4i 




Joseph Brown 


July 21 


Keen 


Keen 


4i 


10 



A True Return of the men Raised for the Defence of the State 
of Rhode Island in the Sixth Regiment of Militia in the State of 
New Hampshire with an Account of the Money Paid them for 
Bounty and travel. 

Attest. Timothy Ellis Muster Master 

To the Hon 1 Nathaniel Fulsom Maj r General of the Militia of the 
State of New Hampshire. 



256 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

\Letter. Daniel Moor to Samuel Moore^\ 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 

Bedford Agust ye 5 th Day 1778 

For Capt. Samuel Moore 
Sir 

A Vigorous Attack their at this Time appears Very Likely to be 
productive of Happy Concequenses and of Imediately puting an end 
to the war on this Continent Therfore you are hereby Derected 
forthwith without an Hours Delay of time to call Your Company to- 
gither Training Band and Alarm list and use your utmost Endeavours 
to raise As Many Volunteers as Possible to mount there Horses and 
go Forward with all Speed to providence in the State of Rhode 
Island and put theirselves under the Command of Gen 1 Sullivan 
Where the will not be Detained but a Short time Probably but A few 
Days and you are to Call on the Selectmen to advance ,10 to Each 
Volunteer that Engages to go which shall Be repaid to them out of 
the State Tresuary and the Commitee Will lay the Matter before the 
General Asembly and Recomen d To them to give Suitable Rewards 
to all Noble Spirited persons Who Steps forth at this Critical time 
to Serve their Country. 

I Pray for Gods sake that Every Officer and Man will Exert them- 
selves for the good of there Country, And meet me at Amherst 
Meeting house on Sunday ye 9 th Instant at Eight O Clock in the 
fornoon Daniel Moor Co 11 

[On the reverse of the foregoing is the following :] 

To Capt Samuel Moor 

in Derryfield these with Care and Speed 

Derryfield August ye 7 th 1778 We the Undr Subcribrs Do 
Volentryly In Liste our Selves to Asiste our Country Men in the 
Defences of our Lifes and librteys and in Behalf of Derryfield 
in the State of New hampShier for said Serves we Acknolige to 
heave Received from the Selectmen of Said Derryfield ten Poundes 
Each of us as witens our hands. 

Loot Saml Boyd 
Joseph Gorge 
George Greaham 
Zachariah H olden 

R d in behalf of the Selectmen of Derryfield Forty pounds for the 
Above advance. pr James Betton 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



257 



{Bounties Paid by Henniker.~\ 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 

State of New hampsher ) Henniker Aug 1 ye 6 th 1778 

Hillsborough ss. \ Pursuent to an order Rec d from the 
Committe of Safty for the Stat afoursaid we have taken one hund d 
and forty pounds of the money Collected to pay our Stat Tax and 
hve paid to Each of the within Naimed persons Teen pounds 

Abel Gibson ) Selectmen for 
Otis How \ Henniker 

March 15 th 1779 Rec d an order upon the Treasurer for one Hun- 
dred & Forty Pounds for advance for 14 Soldiers Voluntiers for the 
State of Rode Island Isaac Andrews 



Henniker Aug 1 y e 6th 



1778 



We the Subscribers Do inlist our Selves into a Company wheir of 
Jonas Bowman is Cap* to march to Providenc their to put our Selves 
under Genar 1 Sollivan as witness our Hands. 



;lO. O. O 

10. o. o 
10. o. o 
10. o. o 
10. o. o 

6 Joseph farle Spaulden 10. o. o 

7 Abiather Bowman 10. o. o 



1 James Joslyn 

2 John Clough 

3 Elisha Barnes 

4 Ezekiel Stone 

5 Joshua Whitney 



8 Jonas Bowman 

9 Reuben Whitcomb 

10 Robert Cambell 

11 Levi Herriman 

12 Sarjant Heath 

13 Tille How 

14 Jonathan How 



;io. o. o 
10. o. o 
10. o. o 
10. o. o 
10. o. o 
10. o. o 
10. o. o 

140. o. o 



Henniker August y e 6 th 1778 

this Day Rec d of the Selectmen of Henniker Teen pounds Each 
man for which we have ingaged to Joyn Genarall Sullivan ameadiately 
we say Rec d By us. 



Elisha Barns 
Jonathan How 
Ezekiel Stone 
Tille How 
Joshua Whitney 



James Joslyn 
John Clough 
Joseph farley Spaulden 
Abiathar Bowman 
Jonas Bowman 



Reuben Whitcomb 
Robart Campell 
Levi Herriman 
Sargent Heath 



17 



2 5 8 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



The above named Men are in Lieu* Jonas Bowman's Roll and ten 
Pounds is deducted from each Man's pay, amounting in the whole to 
One^Hundred & forty Pounds 

Attest" Josiah Oilman Jun r 



\Goffstown Bounties^ 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 

Goffstown Aug* 7 th 1778 

We the Subscribers Acknoweledge that we have Rec d Each of us 
Ten Pounds as a Bounty from the Town of Goffstown to Enable us 
to go to Providince in Rod island to Do a short tower of Duty as 
Volenteers in the Contenental army under Gen r Sulivan. Witness 
our Seperate hands. 



1 Sam 11 Richards 

2 John Dinsmoor 

3 John Butterfield 
Thos Miller 
Eben r Coston 

his 

Elijah X Kider 

mark 
his 

Reuben X Kidear 

mark 

Tho s Carr 
Sam 1 M c Farland 
Sam 1 Karr 
Peter Butterfield 

12 James Walker 

13 Eliphalet Richards 

14 Matthew Richardson 



4 
5 

6 

7 
S 

9 
10 
ii 



15 George Little 

1 6 David Stevens Ju 

17 Jonathan Bell 

1 8 Nathan Hawse 

19 Caleb Little 

20 Tho s Shirla 

21 Thomas Saltmarsh 

22 Alex r Gilcrest 

23 Seth Wyman 

24 Philip Ferren 

25 George Little 

26 Moses Little 

27 Robert M Gregor 

28 W m M c Dowell 

29 Moses Kelly 



Nov r 5 th 1778 Rec d an order on the Treasurer for Two hundred & 
ninety pounds which was advanced by Goffstown to these Twenty 
nine Volunteers. 

Moses Kelly 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



259 



\_New Boston Bounties J\ 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 

New Boston August y e 7 th 1 778 

Wee the Subscribers each of us has received Ten pounds Lawfull 
Money from the Selectmen of New Boston agreabel to the orders 
Captain Boyes Received from Col Daniel Moore 
Dated August y e 5 th 1778 



Robert Patterson Jr 
Archibald M c Allester 
James Wilson Jun r 
John M c Millan Jun r 
James M c Ferson 
Reuben Smith 
Robert Wilson 



Robert Waugh 
John M c Allester 
Samuel Caldwell 
Elisha Dodge Jr 
John Cochran 
William Boyes 
William Livingston 



Josiah Hitchings 
Eliphalet Dustin 
Reuben Gregg 
William Waugh 
James Waugh 
Timothy Wyman 



N. B. The Subscribers went soldiers to Rhode Island 

Etest too Robert Campbell 

Robert Patterson 3 d 



{Hillsborough Bounties^ 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 

Hillsborough Agust y e the 8 1778 

We the Subscribers Volintears of the Town of Hillsborough for 
the Expedition to Providence Have Receved of the Selectmen Each 
of us Ten Pound We say received by us 



John Graham ? 
William Gammell 
Samuel Preston 



Archibald taggert 
Alexander M c Clintok 
Solomon Andrews 



William Pope 
Daniel Gibson 



September 26 th 1778 Rec d an order on the Treasurer for eighty 
pounds in behalf of the Selectmen of Hillsborough 

W m Taggart 



260 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



\Somersworth Bounties.} 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 

We the Subscribers have Received of the Select Men of the Town 
of Somersworth Ten Pound Lawful 1 money Each it Being a States- 
Bounty For which Consideration we promise to join General Sulivan 
in an Expedition against Rode Island and Stay one month from this 
Date if wanted 

Somersworth August the 8 th 1778 



1 John Rollins 

2 John Drew 

3 Andrew Horn 

4 Charles Brown 

5 Mark Wentworth 

6 Caleb horn 

7 Moses Yeaton 

8 James Garvin 



9 Benj n Warren 

10 Jon n Wentworth 

11 Charles Baker 

12 Paul Lord 

13 Ebenezer Ricker 

14 Joshua Stacpole 

15 Thos Wallingford Ju r 

16 Benj n Quimby 



17 Philip Stacpole 

1 8 Absulam Stacpole 

19 Moses Yeaton J u 

20 John Furness 

21 James Hobbs 

22 Moses Carr Jr 



Twenty one of these signers are made up in Capt. Moses Yeatons 
Roll, and the Sum of ten Pounds is deducted from each mans pay 
Capt. Jonathan Wentworth is not made up in any Roll 

Exeter April 22, 1780 

Examined ^ Josiah Gilman Jun r 

Reed an order on the Treasurer for two hundred and twenty 
pounds 

Jon a Wentworth 



[Dover Bounties. ,] 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.] 

Dover August y e 8 1778 

this Day we the Subscribers has listed our Selves as Vollinteers to 
Joyn Gen 1 Sullivans Division at Rode island And Does Engage to 
obey all Such orders and Directions as the Gen 1 Shall give out and to 
submit to all the Rules and Regulations of the Army we also 
acknowledge that we have Received ten pounds to each man as a 
bounty from the Selectmen of the town of Dover as witness our 
hands 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



26l 



By virtue of an order from the Committee of Safety of the State 
of Newhampshire 



Moses Ham 
William Watson 
Joshua Wingate 
Robert Peapel 
Benj Hayes 



Daniel Gushing 
Josiah Folsom 
Abraham Hanson 
Chas. Clapham 
John Remick 



John Gage 
Ephraim Ham 
David Ham 



Exeter March 3 I st 1779 Rec d in behalf of the Selectmen of Dover 
.an order on the Treasury for one hundred & Thirty pounds 

Caleb Hodgson 



[Rochester Bounties. "\ 
[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 

We the Subscribers Each one of us Acknowledge we have Rec d of 
the Selectmen of Rochester the sum of Ten pound Lawful money 
Agreeable to a Recommendation of the Honourable Committee for 
this State allowed to all Volunteers that turn out to join the army at 
Providence under the Command of Gen 1 Sulivan. Rec d by us 

Rochester y e io th August 1778 



i Enoch Hayes 
2 John Bergin 
3 Samuel Phelp ? 
4 Eben Pecker 

his 

5 George X Place 

mark 

6 Jeremiah Clements 


7 
8 

9 

10 

ii 

12 
13 



Jabez Dame 
Jas. How 
Jason Chamberlin 
Moses Roberts 
Zebulon Davis 
Eben r Tebbets 
Beard Plumer 



14 Richard Persun 

15 Israel Ham 

1 6 John Wingate 

17 George Hayes 

1 8 Edward Rollins 

19 Thomas Barber ? 



1779 Feby 25 Rec d an 
ninty pound, in full of the 



the above paid by Tebbets 

order on the Treasurer for one hundred & 
above "39 Ebenezer Tebbets 



[R. 5-152] [Ephraim Robinson to Board of War.] 

Exeter Augs 4 II th 1778 

Sir. on toy Return from Portsm last evening found Nichols & 
Taylor had arrived with their Waggons, and on viewing them I find 



262 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

they are considerable out of Repair by loosing wheels &c and as I 
tho't it advisable the Board should be acquainted therewith, have sent 
M r Nichols with these few lines for that purpose have also sent a 
Packet from M r Leigh which I made bold to open which must beg 
you will excuse The Flour & Cash mention'd I have Rece d (as I 
tho* most prudent) which will remain untill your orders thereon I 
refer you to General Nichols for a further ace 1 of matters & am with 
Respect S r your most Humb 1 Serv* 

Eph m Robinson 
J. Penhallow Esq r 



[R. 5-153] \Commissary Leigh to Board of War.] 

Camp at White Plains Aug' 19 th 1778 

Sir My last was from this place the 2Q th ult. ^ M r Ayers In- 
closing you his Rec* for nine hundred & ninety dollars payable at 10 
Days after his Return as M r Ayers had a Prospect of laying the 
sum out. In Consideration of that advantage he agreed to Risque & 
Carry it Free from Expense therefore hope youl not censure my 
Conduct for accept'g his terms when a saveing to Government would 
Consequently ensue In mine ^ Nichols I made mention with Re- 
spect to the Payment of the troops it was to have taken place the 
last week but the want of Cash at the pay office prevents it, however 
it will soon take place and then shall make the board a Remittance 1 ^ 
first safe hand I have now before me the Boards esteemed favour of 
29 th ulto. Received ^ M r Piper and full well observe its Contents 
I mean on the morrow to make a Report to Gen 1 Poor of every Indi- 
vidual article Issued together with what remains on hand and likewise 
what I may Reasonably expect and as that Gent will be able to 
Inform me of such articles as the troops will be able to procure from 
the Continental store I then shall be able in my next to transmit 
the Board such acc ts as will enable them to Form a Right Idea what 
will be necessary to procure and send but in the Interim I give it 
you as my opinion that the Linnen & shirts for the officers are gen- 
erous I would ever wish them to be comfortable but not to be 
enabled to make a Merchandize of the Favours of Government 
youl find Inclosed a price Curr* from the Connecticut State Store 
with Respect to some articles youl there find what a Material Dif- 
ference there is in the P rices Your pleasure shall be mine but 
especially with Respect to the Wine shall not fix any price till your 
Future Pleasure shall be known Whether it would be Improper 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 263 

for me to be Instructed to Conform as near as may be to the Regula- 
tions in your sister State Stores is not for me but the board to Deter- 
mine when a General Regulation is ordered in Camp I then know 
how to act but this much I can inform the board in Confidence 
that it is the clear opinion of some that the West India goods are 
under rated youl find Inclosed M r Pipers Rec* for 360 Dollars in 
Cash & Invoice of 10 Bbl flower which wish safe to hand : M r Piper 
will likewise deliver you three Beaver Caps Returned as made of old 
Hatts Youl be able to Judge whether this assertion is Founded on 
Truth : If it is I am sorry to find that any Person should be so lost 
to every Principle of virtue as would wish to Impose on Gent who not 
only Foregoes every private advantage but Risques his life in order 
that their liberties might be established on a Permanent Foot'g. 
I have the Honour to Remain Sir 

Your Most Obed* Hbl Serv* 

Joseph Leigh 



[R. 5-154] 

{Connecticut Price-List Mentioned in Foregoing.} 

White Plains iQ th Aug 1 1778 

Sir. In Compliance with your Desire of the 17 th we here exhibit 
the Price Current of Sundry Articles of Refreshment, sent on by the 
State of Connecticut to issue to their Troops viz 

Port & Teneriff Wine @ 307 f Gallon 

West India Rum @ I2/ 

New England do. @ 8/ 

Coffee @ 2/ "$ Ib. 

Brown Sugar @ i/ " 

Ith r Bingham ) Issuing 

William Redfield Jr ( Comm'ys 
To Joseph Leigh Esq r 



264 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-154] \Ephraim Robinson to Board of War.] 

Exeter Aug* 2Q th 1778 

S r Inclosed is an order for selling the Flour & Rice belonging to 
the State what little Flour was to dispose of I have let go here, if 
the other Waggons arrive I shall keep their Loads untill hear from 
you as suppose it will be want'g at Portsmo.' should be glad you will 
affix the price & let me know the first Opportunity & if it can be 
spared should be glad of 2 or 3 Casks Rice here as it is much 
wanting 

I am in great haste S r your most obd 4 

Eph m Robinson 
To John Penhallow Esq r Merch' at Portsm 



[R. 5-155] 

[Concerning Abner Allen and Joseph Metcalf, Jr.~\ 

State of New Hamp r In the House of Representatives Aug* iQ th 
1778 Voted that Abner Allen a Soldier in Lieu* James Robertsons 
Company (not being returned upon his Roll) have & receive out of 
the Treasury thirty Shillings and nine Pence for his Services in June 
1777 by order of the President and that the same be paid to M r 
Michael Cressey for the said Allen Sent up for Concurrence 

John Dudley Speak r pro tern 



[The same vote was passed relative to Joseph Metcalf, Jr. ED." 



[The Engineer to La Fay e tie. Copy. From Bedel Papers, p. 76.] 

25 th Aug* 1778 

Sir Your Excellencys orders I rec d and immediately repaired to 
Co'os where I rec d Colo : Bedels orders to proceed to the Upper 
Co'os to mark out Ground to Build a Fort which I accordingly accom- 
plished and sent your Excellency a Pla.n of the same. Since which 
I have been out with a Party to find a Road to the River Masco, the 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 265 

Road is measured * Mountains and all difficulties I have passed by 
and find a good Road may be had that way to Canada the Road is 
well marked, your Excellency will receive a Plan of the same by the 
first Post from this place. The Store house is nearly completed and 
very Commodious, a number of Troops is here on duty, and we have 
a fine Prospect of Provisions Since my orders from your Honour 
I have not drawn for any Pay for myself or Assistants sho d be glad 
to know what I must do and who to draw upon If your Honor 
thinks it necessary the Garrison at the Upper Co'os sho d go on I am 
will g to proceed and Compleat the same but the articles in my Invoice 
.sent in a former Letter is wanted 
Marquis de la fayette 



[Copy of Letter from Col. Bedel to Gen. Gates. Bedel Papers, p. 76.] 

Haverhill 25 th Aug 1 1778 

Sir You receive by Gen 1 Bayley a Copy of Intelligence bro 1 
from Canada by Cap* Taylor & M r Jon a Farewell just arrived from 
thence. I have Scouts out to Nicholat who are watching the 
Enemies motions in those parts and we have found a good Road to 
the River Masco and Chambale The Chief from S* Francois is here 
he arrived a day or two ago and Informs he was obliged to qu it the 
Place a number of British & Hessian Troops commanded by Cap 1 
Frazier had arrived there with great Threats and he was advised to 
make the best of his way to this Place and he is now waiting to know 
what will be done for them, as he says we have a great number of 
Friends that way 

for further particulars shall refer you to Gen 1 Bayley who accom- 
panies this Every thing seems to have a good Prospect in regard to 
Provisions &c. both here and in Canada 
Honble Gen 1 Gates 

[*The words "by the chain 32 miles" in the original have a line 
drawn through them. ED.] 



266 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



A Return of the officers Names Rank Dates of Commissions & 
Casualties in the First New Hampshire Regiment Commanded 
by Col Joseph Cilley, Agreable to Gen 1 Orders of the 27 th fns\ 
[August, 1778.] 

[Original in Department of State, Washington, D. C] 



OFFICERS NAMES 


Rank 


Date of their 
Commissions 


Casuaelties 


John Stark 


Colonel 


Nov r 8 th 1776 


Resignd March 23 d 1777 


Joseph Cilley 
George Reid 


L* Colonel 
Major 


do 
do 


Promoted to Colonel April zd 1777 
Promoted to Lt. Colonel Do. ad 1777 


Jeremiah Gilman 


Cap* 


do 


Promoted to Major April 2d 1777 


William Scott 


i Cap* 


do 




Amos Morrill 


2 do 


do 




Jason Wait 


3 do 


do 




John House 


4 do 


do 


Resignd March 4 th 1778 


Amos Emerson 


5 do 


do 




Ebenz r Frye 


6 do 


do 




Isaac Farwell 


7 do 


do 




Nath 11 Hutchins 


8 do 


Ap*2 d 1777 




Simon Sartwell 


i 8 * i s * Lieu* 


Nov r 8 th i776 




Moodey Dustan 


2 do 


do 




James Taggart 
James Gould 


3 do 
4 do 


do 
do 


Resignd August 23 d i778 


John More 


5 do 


do 




Pelig Williams 


6 do 


do 


Resignd May II th 1778 


Jonathan Emerson 


7 do 


do 




Nath 11 M Galley 


8 do 


do 




Josiah Munro 


i 2 d Lieu* 


do 




Daniel Clap 


2. do 


do 




William Lee 


3 do 


do 


Resignd January q th 1778 


William Bradford 


4 do 


do 


D August 24 th 1778 


William Hutchins 


5 do 


do 




Asa Senter 


6 do 


do 




Jeremiah Prichard 


7 do 


do 




Berzelial Howe 


8 do 


do 




Simon Morrill 


i Ensign 


do 




Thomas Blake 


2 do 


do 




Joshua Thompson 


3 do 


do 




Jonathan Willard 


4 do 


do 


[GenI 


Francies Shandonet 


5 do 


do 


Removed July 1777 A D Q M 


Samuel Sweat 


6 do 


do 


Discharged Sept. 26 th 1777 


Joseph Larrance 
David Magett 


7 do 
8 do 


do 
do 


Disceast June 5 th 1777 
Discharged Nov r 20 th 1777 


Jonathan Perkins 
Samuel Cotton 


9 do 
Chaplain 


July 29 1777 
Apl. 9 th 1777 


Discharged August 7 th 1777 


Calab Stark 


Adjt: 


Nov r 8 th i776 


Removd Brigade Major to Genl Stark 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



2 6 7 



OFFICERS NAMES 


Rank 


Date of their 
Commissions 


Casuaelties 


Benj a Kimbal 
Partrick Cogan 
John Hale 
Jonathan Pool 


Pay Master 
Q Master 
Surgion 
Mate 


Nov r 8 th 1776 
do 
Apl. 2 d 1777. 
do 


Disceast August 2i st 1778 



Jo s Cilley Col ( 
[Endorsed] A List of the officers in the I st N Hamp r Reg* 



A list of the Rank & Occurrencies of The Field Commissioned 
And Staff Officers of The Second New Hamp Regt 

[Original in Department of State, Washington, D. C] 



NAMES. 


Rank. 


Commissioned 


Remarks 


Enoch Poor 
Nathan Hale 
Winborn Adams 

Benj a Titcomb 


Colonel 
Lieu* Col 
Major 

Captains . 
i Cap* 

od l~)ittn 


Nov r 8, 1776 
Nov r 8, 1776 
Ditto 

Ditto 

"Diftn 


Promoted to Brigadr Genl 22 Jany 77 
Promoted to Colo Apl 2d 1777 
Promoted to Lt Colo 2d Apl 1777 & 
killed in Battle Septr 19, Following. 

Promoted to Mag'Ap^ 4 1777 


Frederick M Bell. 


3 d Ditto 

4T)ittn 


Ditto 


Died of His Wound Oct 9 th 

I~T777 " 


James Carr 


5* Ditto 
6* Ditto 


Ditto 

Ditto 


L 1 /// 


TniiaV) f^lavp^ 


7* Ditto 


F)ittn 




Samuel Blodget 

William Rowell 
Moses Dustin 

Tpthrn 1-Tprrl 


8 Ditto 

I st 'Lieutenants 

i Lieu* 
2. Ditto 
3 Ditto 


Ditto 

Ditto 
Ditto 
Ditto 


Dischargd 22 d Dec r 1777 

Promoted to a Cap* 2 d Ap 1 1 777 , 
Discharged May 8* 1777 




4 th Ditto 


Ditto 






>th T")itto 


Ditto 




James Crombee 
William Wallis 


6* Ditto 
7* Ditto. 

8 Ditto 


Ditto 
Ditto 

nittn 




Thomas Hardy. 


Ditto 


May 8* 1777 


Dischargd Aug* 27* 1778 



268 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



NAMES. 


Rank. 


Commissioned 


Remarks 


Micah Hoit 
John Colcord 
Samuel Nute. 
Ebenez r Light 
Noah Robinson 
Joseph Potter 
David Gilman 
Pelatiah Whitemore 
James Nichols 
William M Bell 
George P. Frost 
Josiah Meloon 
Samuel Adams 
William Taggart 
David Forsyth 
Luke Woodbury 
Joshua Merow 

Nathaniel McClintock 
William Eliot 
Jeremiah Fogg 
Richard Brown 
William Parker 
Pelatiah Warren 


2. Lieut. 
i Ditto 
2- Ditto. 
3 Ditto 
4 Ditto 
5* Ditto 
6 Ditto 
7* Ditto 
8 Ditto 
Ditto 
I st Ensign. 
2 d Ditto 
3 Ditto 
4 th Ditto 
5* Ditto 
6* Ditto 
7* Ditto 
8 Ditto 

Staff 

Adjut. 
Adjut 
P. Mast r 
Q Mast r 
Surgeon 
Mate 


May 8* 1777 
Ditto ., - 


Dischargd May 6* 1777 
ResigndSept r 16, 1777. 


Ditto 
Ditto 

Ditto 


Ditto 
Ditto 
Ditto 
Ap 1 2*1777- 
Nov r 8 1776- 

Ditto 


Ditto 
Ditto 
"Ditto 


Ditto 


Ditto 
Ap l 2 d 1777. 

Nov r 8* 1776 
Ap l 2 d 1777 
Nov r 8, 1776 
Ditto 
Ditto 
Ditto i 


[1777 
Promoted To B. Maj r Ap l 2 d 
Absent without Leave 

Dischargd Aug 4 22 d 1778 
Dischargd Oct r 10, 1777. 





This May Certify that the foregoing is a true Return of the 
Officers in the 2 N : Hamp. Reg* agreeable to the Design of Late 
General Order according to the best of my Knowledge 

Benj a Tit comb Major 
Camp White Plains Aug* 29 1778 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



269 



A List of the Rank & Occurrences of the Field Staff and othei 
Commissioned officers of the 3 d New Hamp Regim> 

[Original in Department of State, Washington, D. C.] 



NAMES 


Rank 


Commiss'd 




Alexand 1 " Scammell 


Colonel 


8 th Novem 17 


Appointed Adjut Genl Jany isth '78 


Andrew Colburn 


L* Col 


dn 


TCillpd SpntpTn r rrth 'r>7 




-TvlllCU. OtLHcill 1O yy 


Henry Dearborn 


Major 


do 


Promoted to L* Col 19 Sep* '77 


Nick : Gilman 
William Weeks 


Adjutant 
Pay Master 


do 

do 


Appointed Assistant Adj* Gen 1 
[15 th Jany '78 




Tcinics Blctnchcirci 


QT Master 


dn 




Ivory Hovey 


Surgeon 


do 


discharged I s * April '78 


Edmund Chadwick 


Mate 


do 


Promoted to Surgeon April 


James Gray 


I st Captain 


do 


[i- '77 


Zacheriah Beal 


2 Captain 


do 


Died of his wounds Novem 


Michael M c Clary 


3 Captain 


do 


[6 th > 77 


Daniel Livermore 


4 Captain 


do 




Richard Weare 


5 Captain 


do 


Died of his wounds August 


Benjamin Stone 


6 Captain 


do 


[14 th 77 


Isaac Frye 


7 Captain 


do 




William Ellis 


8 Captain 


4 May 1777 




David M c Gregor 


first I st Lieu 


Novem r 8 th 76 




Joseph Huntoon 


2 nd I st Lieu* 


do 




Andrew M c Gaffee 


3 d I st Lieu* 


do 




James Wedgwood 


4 th I st Lieu* 


do 




William Hawkins 


5 th i Lieu* 


do 




Moses Belding 


6 th i 6 * Lieu* 


do 




Nath Gilman 


7 th i 8 * Lieu* 


do 


discharg'd April I st '78 


Benj a Hickox 


gth z st u eu t 


do 


Cashier'd June 2O th 1777 


Joseph Thomas 


first 2 nd Lieu* 


14 th July '77 


Kill'd Sep tern 19* '77 


Amos Webster 


2 nd 2 nd Lieu* 


gth Nov r 76 


Promoted to first Lieut June 








20 th 77 Killed October 7 th 


Thomas Simpson 


3 2 nd Lieu* 


do 


following 


Ezekiel Goodale 


4*b 2 nd Lieu* 


do 


discharg'd April I 8 * 78 


Joseph Hilton 


5 th 2 Lieu* 


do 




John Dennitt 


6 th 2 T iVn* 


do 




Benj a Ellis 


\J -L*ICU. 

7 th 2 Lieu* 


do 




Amos Colburn 
Adna Penniman 


8 th 2 Lieu* 
9 2 Lieu* 


do 
do 


Discharg'd August i8* h 1778 


Jonathan Cass 


I s * Ensign 


Novem 8 th 78 




Joseph Boynton 


2 nd Ensign 


do 




Dudley L. Chase 


3 d Ensign 


do 




Nathaniel Leavitt 


4 th Ensign 


do 




Joseph Facy 
Nathan Hoit 


5 th Ensign 
6 th Ensign 


do 


Kill'd Septem. 19 th 1777 


Samuel Leeman 


7 th Ensign 


dn 


Kill'd July 7 th 1777 




John Eaton 


8 th Ensign - 


do 


discharg'd August io th 78 



[August, 1778.] 



Alexd r Scammell Co 10 



27O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-156] {Commissary Leigh to Board of War.] 

Camp at White Plains Aug' 3 I st 1778 

Sir The Purport of the Present is only Just to Inclose you Cap 
Drews Rec* for Cash : and Likewise Maj N. Gilmans Memo for a 
Suit Clothes & Cap* B. Kimble paymaster to the First N. Hamps 
Batta : They both have the Characters of very Deserving Men in 
the Army : but as my Business naturally leads me to have large con- 
nections with Capt. Kimble I must beg leave to Represent to the 
Hon ble Board that on every occasion he appears Ready to Render 
me all the Services in his Power & if it should be Consistent Could 
wish them Both to be supply'd as every Moment of my time at 
Present is taken up in Digest'y the ace* for the Paymasters as well as 
to Remove the Stores in the Rear of our Army, hope it will Suffi- 
ciently ace 1 for my Present Brevity 

I am Sir your Most Obed* Hbl Serv* 

Joseph Leigh 

[Superscribed] On Public Service Hon 1 John Penhallow Esq Pres- 
ident of B. Warr at Portsmouth, forward ^ Cap 1 Drew 



[R. 5-156] 

Camp at Rhode Island 26 Aug 1778 

I hereby Certify that Co 1 Stephen Evens Reg* Drue No Rations 
of Sope Bear & Peas from Me 

to whome it may Consern Charles Lippitt ACS 



[R. 5-157] {Petition of Ann Griffen.^ 

Ports mth Sep 1 I st 1778- 

Gentlemen My unhappy Situation and by the advice of my 
friend Causes me at this time to trouble you with a few lines in 
hopes you will take my troubles into your Consideration and Do 
what in you lays to gett my Husband John Griffen who was Gunner 
of the M c Clary Released from his Unhappy Confinement at Road 
Island who has been a Prisoner Seven Months and not Doubting but 
that you will take into your Consideration and instead of sending 
those few Prisoners now in possession to Halifax youl Consider those 
In Road Island who have been much longer in Confinement and 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 2/1 

much wors treated and in a very Bad State of health. If youl 
Gentlemen take those Unhappy Sufferers into your Consideration 
you will much Befriend there Suffering famalys and much oblige 
and befriend Your Most Humb 1 Ser* 

Ann Griff en 
To The Hon ble Committee of Safety now setting at Exeter 



[R. 5-158] [Commissary Leigh to Board of War.] 

Camp at White Plains Sep' 5 th 1778 

Sir My last was ^ Cap 1 John Drew Inclosing you his Rec* for 
three thousand one hundred & Sixty three Dollers This will be de- 
livered you by Doctor William Parker and youl find Inclosed that 
Gen* Rec 1 for one thousand two hundred & Sixty Four Dollers 
at Cap 4 Drews Departure was in hopes by this oppertunity to have 
made you a much larger Remittance but the absence of M r Paymas- 
ter Weeks to the 3 d Regiment prevents it but as soon as I am in 
Cash and a safe oppertunity offers you may be assured it shall be 
sent forward as its not only my Desire but Determination to Expe- 
dite the Remitting of the Publick Money I may at any time have in 
my hands 

You'l observe a Paragraph in mine of the 24 th July ^ Nichols 
wherein I made mention that Persevering in your Present Plan of 
Furnishing the troops with such necessarys as they may be in want 
of would Consequently ensure Government the Confidence of their 
troops I was Induced to make this observation on no other 
Principle than at that time I really thought both officers & men were 
highly pleas'd when they could be furnished with necessarys with 
their Money at a Reasonable Rate Indeed with respect to the 
officers I would suppose it still Continues the same But with 
respect to the men it appears to be quite otherways for they in 
plain terms say, It is not only unjust but Cruell to have their wages 
from time to time stopt for Cloathing when the Publick Faith was 
pledg'd them at their Enlistment they should be annually Furnished 
with a suit of Cloths &c but on the Contrary they have bin under the 
necessity of purchasing it themselves or going without This is the 
prevailing language now in Camp, and I thought it my duty to make 
the H. Board fully acquainted with the same The Bearer Doctor 
Parker will be able to Inform you fully on this head and Doubtless 
will be able to inform Goverment the origin of the Cause of these 



272 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Complaints In mine of the i8 th Aug* f& Piper I informed the 
board of my Intentions to lay the state of the Store before Gen 1 
Poor in order that I might be able to give the Board the necessary 
Information with respect to what would be necessary to procure and 
send have done it and it seems to be the Clear Opinion of that 
Gen 1 unless that Goverment will undertake to Furnish them their 
Cloths agreeable to what the People were promised that otherways 
it will be as heretofore they will in a great Degree be neglected 
and I am informed in Consequence thereof a Regular application will 
be made by the Commanding Officers of Each Regiment for that pur- 
pose No Doubt they will assign you their Reasons & their 
Oppinion of the Consequences as for my Part all that its Possible 
for me to observe on this head is that as long as I have the Honor 
to act as the Servant of Goverment in Camp Their Pleasure on 
every occasion shall be mine I am Sir Your most Obe't Hbl 
Serv 1 Joseph Leigh 

N. B. While I was a writing your esteemed favour of 2O th Aug 1 
^ Taylor Came to hand The only observation time will at Pres- 
ent permit me to make is with Respect to the Money sent ^ Ayers 
in mine of i8 th Aug* Youl find I trust sufficient Reasons assigned 
for the Procrastination of payment for ten Days and with 
Respect to the little error you note : when the Hon bl Board 
are informed that for the safety of the Store's sometimes am doing of 
Business in a Cellar and now in an Old Barn lately Improved as a 
Slaughter house and sometimes have to encounter with some 
Peoples Military Importance youl Consequently therefore excuse 
any little error, on the whole you may be assured shall be as exact as 
the nature of things will possably admit. 



[R. 5-159] [Commissary Leigh to Board of War.~\ 

Camp at White Plains Sep* 7 th 1778 

Sir My last was f D r W. Parker that Gen 4 will be able to In- 
form the H. Board with Respect to the Complaint of the Soldiery on 
ace* of their being under the necessity of Purchasing their own 
Cloathing when the Public faith was pledged them at their Enlist- 
ment to be furnished annually with a suit &c As the Servant of 
Goverment I would wish to be understood (as long as I act) Their 
Pleasure on every occasion shall be mine but then as a Member of 
the Body at Large I Could wish the Cause of your troops not 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 273 

being properly supply'd with Cloths &a would be the subject of Pub- 
lick Inquiry For if there is any truth in Man the Clothier Gen- 
eralls Conduct seems to be highly Culpable You'l find a variation 
in the Prices of Flower as sent you ^ Invoice you will not attrib- 
ute it to any Inattention of mine, but to the Common vices of the 
times : for it is hear, as I am afraid it is with you, .the Patriot is 
wholly swallowed up in self Interested views Or else why do we 
hear it Commonly Reported in Camp of Hay being Fourty Dollers 
IP Load & Indian Corn being From 5 to 7 Dollars ^ bushel with 
you. I am not only surprised but astounded. You'], find Inclosed 
M r Leavitts Rect for Cash & Flower I wish it safe to hand & am 

Sir Your Most Hbl Serv* 

Joseph Leigh 
Hon le John Penhallow Esq. President of B. War N. Hampshire 



[R. 5-160] \Ephraim Robinson to Board of War.] 

Exeter Sep 4 8 th 1778 

Dear S r This is to -Inform you that Piper returned with y e Wag- 
gons Saturday Night I should have acquainted you thereof yester- 
day but was in hopes of an oppertunity without send'g on purpose 
a very small repair of the Waggons will be sufficient for their Imme- 
diate return, for that purpose have sent to M r Calley yesterday a 
small Gundelo goes to-morrow to Portsmouth if you think best I will 
send the Flour & by her you will have an oppertunity to send any 
article to Exeter for the waggons unless you should think advise- 
able to send what things you have sooner in which case I will not 
send the Flour by Gundelo I think it will be best to send these 
waggons away directly now the weather & going is good as we must 
expect soon to have bad travelling but submit to your wisdom and 
am your 

Humb 1 Serv 1 

Eph m Robinson 

To John Penhallow Esq r at Portsm President of Board War 

18 



274 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-161] [Captain Ebenezer Fryes Receipt '.] 

I the Subscriber Captain in Col 1 Cilleys Regiment of New Hamp r 
acknowledge the Receipt of Eighteen pounds Lawful money to trans- 
port myself & Lieu 1 Asa Senter & Lieu 1 Bradford of the same State 
& Reg 1 to our homes being made prisoners at the Northward and re- 
leased by General Carleton landed at Dobbs's Ferry State of New 
York, destitute of money by an order on John Lawrence Esq Treas- 
urer of the State of Connecticut 

Hartford 29th December 1777 - Ebenezer Frye Capt n 

This may certify that Captain Ebenezer Frye settled his Recruit- 
ing Account in my office and gave Credit among other things for 
Sixty Dollars received of the Treasury of Hartford 
Auditors Office II th Septem r 1778 

(Sign'd) Jn Clark Jun r 
Aud r of Acc ts for the main Army 
Copy Ex d J Oilman iof-J doll 5 allowed 



[R. 5-162] [Ephraim Robinson to Board of War.] 

Exeter Sep 1 19 th 1778 

Gentlemen this moment Rec d from the Committee a Letter & 
Return for Cloathing from the Commanding Officer of N. Hampshire 
Reg 1 which by their desire I forward you by Nicholls that you may in 
Consequence of the Order on M r Gardner secure what of the articles 
he has in store as well as know what will be lacking which they 
desire we will procure & send the whole forward as fast as possible as 
they are determined the Troops shall be supply'd with what is their 
due let the Cost be what it will Should you not be able to procure 
the whole of the Clothing from M r Gardner should be glad of your ad- 
vice or assistance in regard to any that may be want'g to be made 
out of Store at Exeter as they may be put out to make Immediately 
- I wait your order thereon and am with Respect 
Gent n Your Hum 1 Ser 1 

Eph m Robinson 

To Hon 1 John Penhallow & Joshua Wentworth Esq r at Portsmouth 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 2/5 

\General Bay ley to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 77.] 

S r as you have stoped a drove of cattle that were purposed for 
Private use and have offered the owner the market Price that is given 
by the Commissary of Purchases at Boston and as M r Sam 1 White 
the owner dos Indeavour to Inhancethe Price of all Provitions wanted 
for the Continants use and dos threten to raise a force able from Can- 
ada to Inforce his villinus profession of taking away all Provitions 
from this River you are therefore Requested to keep said Cattle and 
said White and to secure any that attempts to assist him untill the 
Pleasure of his Excellency General Washington is known, of which 
the General shall immediately be Informed I am S r your Humble 
Servant Jacob Bayley 

Newbury 28th Sep r 1778 Brigade General 

To Col Tim Bedle Commanding at Haverhill 



[R. 5-163] \Ephraim Robinson to Board of War.] 

Exeter Oct r io th 1778 

S r I Rec d yours of 7 th ult. & according to desire waited on the 
Committee yesterday afternoon (they not sett'g before) & acquainted 
them of the Contents of your Letter when they Concluded the 
Cloathing must be releas'd as by the Resolve of Congress they find 
it will not answer to take it & so as you observe our Troops must 
go without Cloaths another Winter I doubt I have sent by this 
oppertunity Three Letters, Rec d by Dudley Nichols not having any 
[opportunity] before & supposing them to be of no great Conse- 
quence did not send on purpose Rec d 6 bbl s Flour by Waggons 
which M r Leigh makes no mention of (unless to yourself) & Nichols 
gives no proper ace 4 of them therefore suppose they are private 
as our hay grows short & money scant should be glad to know if you 
conclude to send any Waggons soon if not shall put the Horses all 
out to pasture next week as I suppose Piper will be in this Night 
being gone ab* a month the Waggons here are in Repair except a 
small matter on one which will be done 

I am S r your Humb 1 Serv* 

Eph m Robinson 

N. B. should be glad you will not forget to send some buttons 
To Joshua Wentworth Esq r at Portsmouth 



2/6 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

\Gen. Bayleys Instructions to Col. Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 78.] 

Newbury 13 th Oct r 1778 

Sir You will immediately proceed to the Upper Co'os with 
Joseph Lewis and provide a proper person to go with him among the 
Indians you will give the following Instructions Viz 1 to Enquire 
I st What force is now in Canada 
2 d If any Reinforcement is arrived in Canada the Summer past, 

and if any are expected to arrive this Season ? 
3 d In what State of Defence are their Garrisons, and how are the 

Troops Posted in that Country? 
4 th Are any Canadians in Arms against us, if so, are they Compelled 

to it, or is it from their own Choice, & what number ? 
5 th The General Sentiments of the People with respect to American 

Politics, and that of the Clergy in general 

6 th The Disposition of the Indians in the Neighborhood of Canada 
7 th Who is the Governor and Principal Magestrate of that Country ? 
8 th If there is a Plentifull, or short Crop there, and what may be the 

Price of Grain 
9 th If the Canadians have been disarmed by any Authority from 

Government or not ? 

io th Whether the Canadians would Chuse to unite with the Indepen- 
dent States of America ? 

You will also Purchase Moose skins, Mogasoons, Snow Shoes as 
much you can collect, also the Forrage that may be Collected in those 
parts, All the Indians to come in when the fall Hunt is over and 
bring in all Skins and Mogasoons they may be possessed off at that 
time 

If Louis comes across any Indian he may depend upon he will 
send them to Enquire into Situation of affairs according to the with- 
in Directions I am Sir wishing you success 

Your Hble Servant 
Col Tim Bedel Jacob Bayley 



\Hibbard Coll., N. H. Historical Society. Vol. IV. p. 144.] 

Remarks on M r Enoch Hall's Cap* Traversie and other Frenchmen 
Journal to Canada 

October i6 th 1778 We set out for Canada and on the 28 th about 2 
Clock arrived at Labbe, were we saw Three Men a Chopping within 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

.about Forty Rods of the first House, they informed us there were 
about Five Hundred Hessians in Labbe and Forty of the Kings 
Troops at Saint Francois, and that there are but four Indians in 
that Place against us - 

29th Built a Camp, and lay there all day, 700 Indians went from 
Machimacino to fight for the King the 3 Men informed us, they had 
been with a man, who had been with Canoes to carry their Baggage, 
they arrived at Montreal and Demanded their Pay for their Service, 
the General asked them what it was they told him 100 Dollars ^ 
Man, a Suit of Cloaths, a good Blanket and five Gallons of Rum 
Each Man, the General told them it was too much, they answered 
they agreed for the same at the Treaty at Montreal, and that they 
were come for their Pay, and if not complied with they would lay 
Montreal in Ashes, upon which all Demands were answered and 
Canoes were provided to carry them Home Cap 1 Bovier was very 
helpfull to us in Providing Provisions &c He also told us the 
Cannon was Carried from Saint Johns down to Quebec, that their 
Vessels lay at Sorrell not Loaded. The 3O th day our Post returned 
from St Francois in the Morning, brought us not very good News, 
informs us Cap 4 Traversies wife was a Tory and wo d be glad the 
Enemy wo d take him (she suspecting the Post to be a Tory joined 
with him) Cap 1 Traversie did not like it and asked me if I would go 
with him, I answered I would We sat out about 1 1 Clock in the 
Forenoon and Travelled Three Leagues, half Leg deep in Water, 
the Sun about two hours high we came to Cap* Traversies House, 
were we discovered one of his Girls a Milking He whistled and 
,she came to us immediately. He asked her whether her mother was 
a Tory, or if she was glad the Enemy would take him, she answered, 
no, no, my Father. He told her to go and tell her Mother that he 
was there. His wife immediately came to him with Tears in her 
eyes, upon her approach, Cap* Traversie asked her if she was a Tory, 
if she was he Protested he would Burn the House with all that was 
in it (upon which she answered) " You may come to the House un- 
discovered as no Tories were there. We ran immediately to the 
Barn, and then to the House, his wife with eight Children embraced 
him with kisses to see his Return, also crying for Joy, they also told 
us all the News in those parts, they Report 50 wounded Men of 
the British Passed Chambalee on their way to Montreal, some with 
arms, legs broke, some shot thro' their Shoulders all dangerous, 30 
Battoes and 250 Waggons are gone to Saint John's (not loaded) 50 
Hessians were sent to Saint Francois as a Guard, a Person informed 
us they heard the Hessians declare they wo d not fire a Gun against the 
Americans but resign immediately, upon which they were immediately 
relieved by Forty British Regulars, about the N of Twenty were sent 



278 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

on a Scout to Masco under the Command of Bellisle with Four Indians 
Three Hundred Dollars is offered for Cap 1 Traversie and a Captains 
Commission to any one who takes him, a large Man of War is 
aground at Sorrell, they are Fortifying there with 20 Pieces of Can- 
non, 10 Mortars A Gentleman at the Three Rivers said he saw 
the Cannon putting aboard the Vessels at Quebec, and said if the 
Bostonians sho d come we can't help ourselves. Cap* a French- 
man who Commands at Three Rivers with several others &c The 
Minister at Saint Francois is a good Liberty Man The Minister 
at Sorrell against us 

[R. 5-164] 

[Petition of " Mary Ann Byrn," wife of " Patrick Bourn," asking 
permission to go with her two children to join her husband in New 
York, by a flag of truce boat. Granted by the Committee of Safety 
October 23, 1778. ED.] 



[R. 5-165] \Commissary Leigh to Board of War.] 

Hartford Oct r 25 th 1778 

Sir have now before me the boards esteemed favour of y e I st 
Instant Received at Danbury the Memorable 17 th The Celebration of 
that auspicious event in camp made it Rather an Improper time to 
Communicate in form the Resolution of the Honourable Committee 
of Safety and the Determination of the Board in order not only to 
Furnish the troops in future with Cloaths as well as to supply all De- 
ficiencys I did it the next day notwithstanding I knew they were 
previously apprised of it by the board to Coll Cilley This measure 
of Goverment I Concieve to be Built on the Broad Basis of Strict Jus- 
tice and Sound Policy, and I flatter myself it will have the happy Ten- 
dency to eradicate from the minds of the Soldiery those unfavourable 
sentiments they seem to have entertained both of Men & Measures 
on ace* of the Stopages made at times for their Cloathing The 
troops left Danbury on Monday and arrived at this town the last even- 
ing and I suppose if they should Continue hear any time Commis. 
Officers of the Reg ts will furnish me with the necessary Rolls of De- 
ficiencys and as a pre requisite have nearly got Dissected the ace 1 of 
supplys Furnished at Exeter the last Spring which shall be seasonably 
laid before them I observe what the board says with Respect to 
payments for what has already bin Issued, the acc ts are now before 
the Paymasters and Consequently a Regular Succession of payment 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

will take place Public virtue seems to be totally Extinguish'd from 
amongst the Inhabitants of at least this part of the Continent the ad- 
joining Farmers I hear from good authority have now got that necess'y 
of life wheat @ 48 / ^ bushel and deals it out but sparingly even 
at that exorbitant Price in short have tried every possible method 
with Respect to purchasing some kind of loading for the last Return- 
ing Waggons and find can do nothing and am fearfull with [whether] 
Can do any thing in Futer than to furnish the Waggoners with Cash 
if it Can be Don it shall as it would afford me Solid Pleasure to Make 
Purchases of Something that the Profits accruing would in some Meas- 
ure Defray the great expense of land Carriage you'l find Inclosed 
Mr. Leavits Rec* f or 310 dollers supply'd him and am with esteem Sir 

Your Most Obed. Hb 1 Serv 1 

Joseph Leigh 

N. B. If you have any occasion of writing by the Returning Post 
please to Direct to the Care Moses Emerson Esq Commissioner of 
acc ts 



[R. 5-166] [Rev. Augustine Hibbard' s Statement.} 

These may certify whom it doth concern that I have not been re- 
warded but in part for my Services as Chaplain in Gen 1 Starks Bri- 
gade in the year 1 777. For I have received only the wages of a Regi 1 
Chaplain, whereas I was according to the regulations of the Army 
intitled to the wages of a Brigade Chaplain, whose wages an rations 
(as well known) were equal to a Colonel I am informed that the 
reason why I have been kept out of my money was because the Gen 1 
left it with the Col to make me up and it fell upon Col Hobart to 
put me in his pay Roll, as he was the oldest Col in the Brigade, and 
as he was not so well acquainted with the Rules and regulations of 
making out Chaplains pay Rolls, he made me up as his Chaplain 
As to my rations I have received one only, and no Billeting money - 
I am desirous to have the matter considered by the authority of the 
State ; and if in their Wisdom should judge that I ought in justice to 
be allowed the pay & Rations of a Brigade Chaplain ; it will be 
greatfully received by the States sincere Friend & Hum Servant 

Claremont October 3 I st 1778 Augustine Hibbard 

Sworn to before Elihu Stevens. 

[In the House of Representatives, November 20, 1778, it was voted 
to pay Mr. Hibbard the difference between the pay of a brigade chap- 
lain and the pay of a regimental chaplain. ED.] 



28O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-167] {Doctor Hall Jackson's Petition.} 

To the Honorable Council and Representatives of the State of New 

Hampshire. 

Hall Jackson of Portsmouth in said State Surgeon humbly sheweth; 
That in March 1776 he received a vote of the assembly, appointing 
him Surgeon of the Troops stationed at Piscatiqua and that his pay be 
seven pounds ten shillings *$ Month, in consequence of which he has 
taken care of all the sick of the Troops belonging to the State accord- 
ing to said vote and allso of all Prisoners brought into the Port of 
Piscatiqua by sea or land, which would not be supposed to be included 
in the said vote of the 1 assembly That the Soldiers of the Forts 
were raised from the Towns of Rye, New Castle, Kittery, and New- 
ington, and when sick could not at all times be provided with proper 
necessaries by the Commissary, and thefore returned to their respec- 
tive homes, this has been a great saving to the State, as will appear by 
the smallness of the account for supplies tho' of great trouble and 
expense of time to the Surgeon -- That he has not received any 
allowance either in money or Rations, for Medicines or attendance 
since December 1776, tho' near half of his time in the year 1777 was 
expended on the Troops and prisoners as will appear by the annexed 
account. 

That he has been always ready and willing at all times to do his full 
proportion toward the common weal, both as to his personal exertions 
as well as publick contributions He therefore hopes & prays that 
the Court will take the matter into consideration, and make him such 
allowance for the whole of his Services as they shall judge adequate 

Portsmouth October 3i st 1778 Hall Jackson 



[R. 5168] [Paymaster Fogg to Thomas Odiome.] 

Hartford Nov. i, 1778 

Sir Agreeable to your Desire I undertook to collect the money 
for those Articles did by M r Jewett likewise those by the State accor- 
ding to the acc ts transmitted by Cap 1 Kimball, but as Cap* Kimball 
made stoppages agreeable to the price specified by M r Jewett I was 
obliged, to preserve an Equality, to charge accordingly and after 
all a task more unpleasant than that of a Collector of Taxes would be, 
laid on us by the British Parliament. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 28 1 

Amount of Sundries did at Exeter ,51. 8. 
D by M r Jewett (viz) 

6 Shirts @ i8/ 5-8. 

22 P r Leather Breeches @ 3O/ 33- o. 

80 P r Stockings @ // 28. o. 

1 34 P r Shoes @ 9/ 60. 6. 



Deduct i P r Breeches 3O/ did R. Arnold at Exeter "I 178. 2. 
never joined and Lem : Durrell I P r Shoes 8/ do do / I. 18. 

Doll. 587. 30 ninetieths 176. 4. 

I have taken the Liberty to transfer the foregoing Arnold and Dur- 
rels acc ts to the ace 1 lately transmitted to M r Leigh so that the State 
will be credited in y e Cont 1 ace* D r Parker will wait on you with 
f orementioned sum of 1 76. 4. 

I am Sir with Respect Your Friend and Humble Ser 1 

Jeremiah Fogg Paym r 2 d N. H. R 1 
M r Thomas Odiorne 

Superintendent of State Acc ts Exeter N. Hampshire 



\Colonel Bedel to General Washington. Bedel Papers, p. 80.] 

Haverhill 5 th Nov r 1 778 

Sir The Bearer Cap 1 Frye Bayley (with his two Lieuts) who 
were ordered by the Honble Major Gen 1 Gates to go with a flagg to 
Saint John's with Lieu 1 Singleton of the Eight Reg 4 British, and was 
detained, are now returned. Cap 1 Bayley will be able to inform your 
Excellency of every particular relative to their Confinement and the 
Enemies motions. A Copy of Gen 1 Gates Orders to me you have in- 
closed On the 1 6 th of March last I received orders from the Honble 
the Marquiss delafayette to raise a Reg 1 (a Copy of said orders I 
transmitted to your Excellency by Gen 1 Bayley the Committees in 
this Quarter met and agreed that six hundred Men sho d be raised, who 
have been constantly kept out as Scouts and part are now gone to Cut 
the Road, they were raised until the first of April next, and have 
never rec d any Money Clothing &c as yet shall be glad your Excel- 
lency will give further orders regarding the same there is a num- 
ber of Indians about here who have had some Trifling Presents from 
the Commissioners and as they hear of the Expedition to Canada are 



282 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

desirous to go we have here about 40 sometimes 50, and at their 
request I write to your Excellency Joseph Louis the Cheif of S l 
Francois Tribe is here and informs they are all willing to Join the 
United States I shall be glad your Excellency will give orders for 
Cap 1 Bayley to receive his pay, (and the Two Lieut 5 ) from the time of 
the Inclosed orders. We have constantly news from Canada, all fa- 
vourable, a small reinforcement arrived, Provisions very Cheap and 
Plenty - 

Gen 1 Washington 

[The original in Department of State, Washington, D. C, was di- 
rected as follows: "Public Service His Excellency George Wash- 
ington, Esq. General Commander in Chief of the Forces of the United 
States of America at Fredericksburg." ED.] 



[Bedel to Has en. Ibid.} 

Sir This will be delivered you by Cap* Frye Bayley who went 
with Lieu* Singleton as a flagg to Saint Johns. The Two Lieut 5 are 
returned with him, shall be glad you wo d assist him in getting their 
Pay. Part of my Reg* are now out cutting the Road. Joseph Louis 
the Chief of S* Francois is here and informs they are all willing to Join 
the United States to go on this Expedition, if things are agreeable 
I think we had best employ them If any more men are to be 
raised here the sooner the orders come the better Capt. Bayley will 
inform you of all particulars in Canada also Biloe who has returned 
from Canada 

Gen 1 Hazen 

[A letter of the same date and import was written to General 
Gates. ED.] 



[Bayley to Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 81.] 

Sir I think (Since Cap 1 Thorrid has threatened the Destruction 
of this Magazion and nowe is the time that he may make a Tryal), 
that two Small Partys be sent on the Discovery, one to Onion River 
the other toward where M r Metcalf lived at Messesque I wish you 
to send them from your Regiment as soon as Possible 

I am yours 

To Col Tim Bedle Jacob Bayley 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 283 

P. S. I shall be glad that all the Mooss skins you have might be 
sent to the water Pits for graining 
Nov r 8 th 1778 



{Instructions to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 85.] 

Agreeable to orders and Instructions from His Excellency General 
Washington, and from M r Commissary Flint I Do now Direct that 
the Issuing Commissary store all the Beef killed and to* be killed in 
this Department in Newbury where he shall be shown by me except 
what Col Bedel has agreed to store in Haverhill which was three 
Hundred Barills that all Hides are reserved for which I shall 
Receipt for the use of the Continental Army that the Commissary 
of Purchases Immediately furnish the Magazene with one thousand 
barrils of Flower and every other article in his Department at the 
Store in Haverhill except what is for Present use in Newbury for 
guards and scouts which is to be stored at Tho s Johnsons that Col 
Bedle is desired to furnish Bakers immediately from his Reg 1 who 
are immediately to be set to work the Purchasing Commissary fur- 
nish Casks to repack all the beef in the store at Haverhill in order to 
make room for the Flower 

Col Bedle to furnish such guards as the Issuing Commissary 
Require that the acting Quarter Master General furnish the Com- 
missary of Issues with every help in his Power Relative to Storage 
&c I desire the advise of Col Bedle and officers and the Commis- 
sary Present Jacob Bayley 

by Direction from His Excellency 

Newbury 3O th Nov r 1778 General Washington 

To Col Bedle & the Commissary of Purchases and Issues 

P. S. I should be glad Col Bedle would act as Q r Master General 
at Present if he does not I shall take it on my self 



[R. 5-169] {Sundry Officers concerning Losses at Ticonderoga.'} 

State of New ) To the Hon ble The Council and house of Represent- 
Hampshire ) atives in General Assembly Convened Nov r 12 th 1778. 

The Petition of the Subscribers Officers in Col Peirse Long's 
Regiment in the year 1777. 

Humbly Sheweth That on the retreat of the Army upon the 
Evacuation of Ticonderoga in July 1777, your Petitioners together 



284 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

with many of the other officers and Soldiers of said Regiment Sus- 
tained Great Losses in Cloathing & other things for which they have 
received no allowance or compensation Wherefore we Pray your 
honours in behalf of our Selves & others to make some order that 
whenever Well attested accounts of such Losses shall be Properly 
Laid before your honors they may be allowed & paid without Delay 
or that such method may be Proceeded upon Concerning the Premises 
as your honors in your Wisdom Shall Judge Best and your Peti- 
tioners as in Duty bound will ever Pray &c 

Hercules Mooney Caleb Hodgdon Nathan Brown 

Moses Barnard Matthew Bryant Timothy Tilton 

Ebenezer Dearing for himself & L t Thomas Bowler 
John Calfe in behalf of his men he not suffering any loss 



[R. 5170] [Commissary Leigh to Board of War.] 

Hartford Nov 17 1778 

Sir I wrote you from this place of the 25 th ulto. pr Post. Since 
which I have to acknowledge the Boards esteemed favour of 22 ulto. 
Rec d pr Dudley Nichols. It pains me when I observe to the Board 
that after trying every Possable method within my knowledge it did 
not lay in my power to procure any article for the Ret'g Waggons 
unless I would give 30 Dollers ^ b 1 for flower ; this enormous price 
I could not think of giving as I would wish to hope it could be pro- 
cured with you at least as cheap and therefore it would answer no 
valuable purpose to weary the Publick horses when I could not think 
any profit would arise on the occasion had I have bin furnished with 
a price Curr* could then have bin a Better Judge Youl find Inclosed 
M r Nichols Rec* for Cash supplyed him for Expences and likewise 
the Bearer M. Emerson Esq. for Cash which he will Deliver you 
youl give me leave to observe am Collecting as fast as Possable the 
outstanding Debts and if in Case a safe Conveyance offers during 
the Course of the next week you may then expect a Further Remit- 
tance I Particularly observe what the Board says with Respect to 
the late Resolution of Congress touching the article of Cloaths and 
agreeable to order have tendered the boards Compliments to the 
Commanding Officers of Regiments and on this occasion youl give me 
leave to observe that it appears to me the Officers in General are Per- 
fectly satisfied with the good Intentions of Government & Likewise 
the Strenuous efforts of the Hon 1 Board to carry it fully into Execu- 
tion but at the same time I cannot but think it would at least give 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 285 

them satisfaction that every thing might come through a Regular 
Channell agreeable to the Articles of Confederation 

In Conformity to what I wrote you in my last have laid before the 
Respective Regiments the supplys as delivered during the Course of 
the last Spring have likewise made Repeated application to the Com- 
manding Officers of Regiments for a Role of Deficiencys there is 
many Difficultys arrises which will Consequently Protract its being 
given in soon however in order to obviate this Difficulty after a 
Previous Consultation with General Poor on the occasion I made a 
Regimental Division of what Cloathing suitable for the Season Re- 
main'g on hand and served it out to an officer appointed for that 
Purpose which is to be accounted for as Continental Cloathing 
the N. Hampshire troops has obtained orders to receive from the 
Continental Store as ^ underneath : there is not the least doubt in 
my mind for two Stores to serve out on the Same Principle will have 
a Tendency to make Confusion in the Publick acc ts I have Repeat- 
edly advised with Gen 1 Poor and it seems to be his oppinion that a 
supply of large Shoes Stockings & Shirts will be absolutely necessary 
to be procured for the troops as it does not appear that the Conti- 
nental Stores will be able to Furnish a Sufficient quantity and sup- 
posing the troops should take Winter quarters from home no doubt 
Tea Coffee & some Rum would be necessary to send and I am 
Requested by some of the Officers to Request their Cloth which 
they sent for Regimentals might be sent forward youl likewise find 
Inclosed the Late Lieu 1 David Gilmans ace 1 he is Dismissed the 
Service Multc'd in his wages & has absconded am sorry to trouble 
the Board with acc ts which according to Rule ought to have bin 
settled hear but as it is youl be pleased to take such measures as will 
secure the Publicks Property I am Sir 

Your most obed* Serv* 

Joseph Leigh 

Each Man Received I Coat I Jackett I p r Breeches I p r Stockings 
I Shirt i Blanket to 6 



i p r Shoes ) AT -CM. 
i Halt to 4 [ None m Store 



[R. 5-171] 

[Captain Salt er to Speaker of House of Representatives.] 

Portsmouth Nov r i8 th 1778 

Sir Doubtless you have heard there is a small vessell that the 
People of this Town have stopt here for having Corn on Board 



286 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

More they say than should be allow'd to be Carried out of Place 
I have to acquaint you that I have said vessell under Care, and would 
advise you that the Captain has Imposed upon M r Russell By forging 
his Name from Roads to Vinsent, as you may see by his Papers, 
therefore in Duty to my Contry would give you account of it, and 
think it is full time those People ware Detected in Carying of the 
Necessitys of Life, to we have the greatest Reason to Believe our 
Cruel Enimies you will hear more peticulars of the afare by the 
Barrer of this, so hope you will be Directed to Do Justice to a Purged 
Man, as also to have permission to inspect those vessells for the fu- 
ture as I am informed by M r Russell and other Gent n that there is 
Sundry vessells up our River Loading with Provisions which they be- 
lieve is bound to the Enimy you know according to law that the 
vessell and Cargo is forfeited Sir you in Course will give me Di- 
rections Concerning said vessell I am with great Esteem Sir 

your Most hum 1 Ser* 
To Col Langdon, Exeter Titus Salter 



[R. 5-172] 

\_The Anonymous Letter referred to on page 807, Vol. VI 77., which 
the Editor of that Volume was unable to find.} 

This may Certify to all persons whom it may Concern, the way and 
manner by which Samuel Tarbell got out of Concord [Mass.] goal after 
Six months close Imprisonment a man by the name of Doc 1 Silas 
Hedges told me the authority would let me out of prison if i would 
Comply with there terms, the terms was these for me to inform 
what I knew with regard to Counterfeit money and tory plans, after 
thinking of the matter some little time, i told him I would ; and 
Parted at that time ; About three weaks after, the s d Hedges Came 
To see me again, he then told me he had orders from the authority in 
this state, and the authority of New Hampshire to Examine Me con- 
cerning the affair. He first Declared to me that there should be no 
advantage taken of me. I then informed him what i knew Concerning 
the affair and that was but little, but i soon found there was some- 
thing else he was aiming at, he saith to me you dont say half so much 
as i Expected you would, But however i will help you out ; If you 
will do as you may, well says I Doc* how is that, why says he I cant 
tell you, but i will show you, he takes a pen and writes you must De- 
liver me 2000 Dollars to Devide among the authority and i can get 
you out. I told him i thought his terms was very hard, well says he, if 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

you will Not do it, you shall ly in Jail. Finily I promised him the 
money. I then got some more Liberty ; the matter was to be settled 
att Cambridge Court and was as i thought. I signed a bond of two 
thousand pounds to the states for my appearance att Court, and was 
to be Clear, but the authority told me, I must go back to Jones's and 
stay awhile, for the people will be mad Att us for letting you out, 
without a trial, you may live att Cap* Jones's Just as you please under 
the pretence of a prisoner. About a fortnight after Doc 1 Prescott 
came there and gave me the bond back, which i had signed, and told 
me I must remain a prisoner still ; well then i Could Not understand 
what it ment, But soon after the s d Hedges comes again. He then 
writes thus, you must let me have more money, for they say that you 
are richer than they are : now I told him I thought the matter was 
settled No it is not, says he, you must let me have three hundred 
pounds more in Paper money and thirty hard Dollars, and resign 
them Pistols, and you shall Be clear. I was very loth to do that, but 
nnily Complied with it, Rather than to lay in Jail ; all this money 
Hedges has had of me, Except one Hundred Dollars that i Delivered 
to Col. James Prescott att Cambridge. He afterwards came to Cap* 
Jones's and gave the money back to me again and i Delivered it to 
hedges tp give to the s d Col. Prescott ; the pistols went to Col. Pea- 
tody of New Hampshire by the hand of Hedges, and the money 
Divided amongst the whole 

The Case is bearly this, they have reduced me to such a Degree 
that i cannot live, and now Drive upon me to take men up, that ant 
in my power to do, and say that the people are uneasy, and if i dont 
do something, they will deliver me up to the people, and that i should 
be very willing for, but it ant in my power to prove all this, some part 
I can prove, Cap 4 Jones knows something how i have been treated, 
this much i have to say when the head is sick the heart is faint, and 
your head is sick, and nigh unto Death, this i know for Certain and a 
great Deal more ; one thing more I will Just mention to you, that is 
Doc* Silas Hedges has been to the British troops twice and Returned 
here again and it can be proved, but he has proved unfaithful to them, 
and that is all that keeps him here ; he is now exchanging his paper 
money for hard in order to send to get a pardon, and then Determines 
to push, it is Provible that many people will say that this is not worth 
notice, but be that as it will ; It is the truth This is from one who 
has been greatly Injured 

[In -the House of Representatives, November 23, 1778, a committee 
was appointed to consider the foregoing, who reported as follows. 
ED.] 



288 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

State of New Hamp r In the House of Representatives Nov r 24 th 
1778. 

The Committee on an Anonymous Letter brought into this House 
by M r Ames having considered the same, conversed with Col. Peabody, 
examined Doctor Hedges on oath, agree to report that they think 
said paper to be a scandalous infamous performance of some invet- 
erate enemy or enemies of the United States framed for the purpose 
of bringing into disgrace persons employed to bring them to Justice, 
& to set the good people of these States at variance with each other 
Sign'd Nich s Gilman for the committee which report being read 
and considered Voted, That the same be received and accepted 
Sent up for Concurrence John Dudley Speaker pro tern 

In Council same day read and concurred E. Thompson Sec'y 



[R. 5-173] \James Harvey s Petition^ 

State of New 1 To the Hon ble Council & House of Representatives 
Hampshire ) for the State aforesaid Conveaned at Exeter this i8 th 
Day of November 1778 the Petition of James Harvey a Soldier in 
Cap 1 Parsonses Company & Col Nichols Regm* of Vollintears to the 
State of Rhoad Island, Humbly Sheweth that your Petitioner was 
taken with the Desentary and Feavour on His Return Home that He 
lay very sick for sumtime at Woburn in the State of the Massachu- 
setts at which place I was at great expence for Necessarys Doctering 
& Nursing and Like-Wise for a Man & Hors for to Fetch Him 
Home & Expence on the Road Home all which charge your Peti- 
tioner is unable to Bear wherefore He Humbly Prays your Honours 
to Take His Case into your wise Consideration and grant Him such 
Releaf as you shall think fit and your Petitioner as in Duty Bound 

shall ever Pray Jj? u 

James X Harvey 

mark 

[He was allowed 20. 5. 8. ED.] 



[R. 5-174] {Concerning William Gale, Soldier. ~\ 

Portsmo. Dec r 15 th 1778 

This may Certifie all Persons whom it may Concerne that William 
Gale a Matross in a Company of artilley Raised in s d Portsmouth 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 289 

Commanded by Ebenezer Bearing that he the said Gale Belong'd to 
said Comp'y untill the 5 Feb'y 1777 and was not made up in any 
Pay Role with s d Comp'y after y e 7 th Jan'y 1777 

Samuel Hutchings Cap 4 L* 

I have examined the Rolls and find Thirty seven Shillings & four 
pence due to the above named William Gale J. Gilman 

[A warrant was granted for i. 17. 4 and paid to George Gains 
per order of said Gale. ED.] 



[R. 5-175] [Doctor Robert Taggart Recommended.} 

This may certify that the bearer Doct. Robert Taggart has faith 
fully and honestly done and performed the office and business of a 
Surgeons mate in the Newhampshire State Regiment lately com- 
manded by Colo. Stephen Peabody in the Campaign and expedition 
against Rhodeisland which campaign commenced the first day of 
January A. D. 1778 and expires the first day of January A. D. 1779 
and likewise the aforesaid Doct r Taggart has faithfully with care and 
skill done the duty of a Surgeons mate in the Hospital of said Regi- 
ment all said service he the aforesaid Robert hath done and per- 
formed to the acceptation of said Regiment as to any thing or matter 
known to me and for all those services above mentioned and his 
assistance and kind offices I return him my unfeigned thanks and 
best wishes for his future prosperity Given under my hand at 
Southkingston in State of Rhodeisland December y e 17 th A. D. 
1778 John Young 

Surgeon to aforesaid Regiment 

To Dpct r Robert Taggart Surgeons mate in said Regiment 

[Bedel Papers, p. 86. This document is the resignation of Jona- 
than Child as quartermaster-general, and the appointment of Tim- 
othy Bedel to the position. Dated December i, 1778. ED.] 



[R. 5-176] [Luther Lincoln's Enlistment.] 

Redding in Connecticut Decem r 19 th 1778 

I do hereby Certify that the bearer hereof Luther Lincoln a 
Matross in my Company Inlisted at Peeks Kill in January 1777 

19 



2QO REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

and has not Received any Bounty other than the Continental Bounty 
of Twenty Dollars wich he Received at the time of his Inlistment 
Certified by Henry Burbeck Captn 

In Col Crane Reg* Artillery 
To whom it may Concern 

[Said Lincoln was of Hanover, and enlisted in above named ser- 
vice from Capt. John House's Company, Chase's Regiment. ED.] 



[General Gates to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 87.] 

Boston 22 nd December 1778. 

Dear Colonel The faithiul Traversie will deliver you this Letter, 
whom, with the chief of the S* Francis Indians, I desire you will 
dispatch immediately into Canada, where they are to deliver the 
Letters that go by Captain Traversie, and Circulate Compte 
D'Staings Declarations: This being wisely effected, they will pro- 
cure all the intelligence possible of the Enemy's situation, numbers, 
& future Designs : and then return to Co'os, from whence you will 
directly send Captain Traversie, with the intelligence obtained I 
have paid Traversie the full of the within amount, and advanced 

him dollars in Silver, to pay his and the Indian Chief's Expences 

in Canada. I desire you will present my respectful Compliments 
to General Bailey, and acquaint Him, that the intelligence from Co'os, 
has been regularly transmitted to Congress, and General Washington 
I am, Sir, your most obedient Hum 1 Serv 1 

Col Timothy Bedel Horatio Gates 



[R. 5-177] [Petition of Downing- Colbath, Sick Soldier.} 

State of New Hampshire To the Hon bl the Council & Assembly 
of s d State Humbly Sheweth Downing Colbath a soldier in the 
Continental service that he by reason of a fever which bro't him 
very low was unfit for duty & had a furlow to come home was 
sick on the road & his friends were at a considerable expence to con- 
vey him to Durham from whence he enlisted that his disorder 
settled in his leg which has quite disabled him from returning to the 
army or doing any work to subsist himself by That he hath re- 
ceived no Cloathing or wages for a year past, and hath no friend to 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 2QI 

help him, his father having died in the public service, & his mother 
hath since broke up house keeping being unable to subsist herself 
in ''a family way Wherefore he prays your Honours to take his 
distressed case into consideration and do something to relieve him 
from distress, and he as in duty bound will ever pray 

Downing Colbath 

[The committee on sick and wounded soldiers recommended that 
said Colbath be furnished with necessary clothing, and sent under 
the care of some proper person to a continental hospital at the 
expense of the State : and it was so voted December 25, 1778. ED.] 



[R. 5-178] 

Cash paid by W m Weeks Paymaster to 3 d N. H. Battallion. 

Cap* W m Weeks p d Into the Treasury 8. o. for Cloathing 
Delivered to Dan 1 Morse 38/ Josiah George 68/ & Josiah Moul- 
ton 2. 14. which he stopt out of their wages 

Cap* Weeks p d also ,103. 2. for Cloathing del d by Jedediah Jewet 
viz 1 5 Shirts @ i8/ 12 pr. breeches @ 3O/ 58 pr. hose @ 7/ 
134 pr. Shoes @ 9/ to Cap 4 Isaac Frye 

Cap 4 Weeks p d Gen 1 Poor Decemb r 21 1778 78. 12. being for 131 
pr. Shoes del d the 3 d N. H. B. in Feb 17 1778 del d to the 3 d Batallion 
pr. rec 4 

Cap 1 Weeks p d Gen 1 Poor Decemb r 21 1778 202. 10. being for 
59 pr. breeches 20 pr Shoes 6 pr hose 18 pr overalls 8 linen shirts 16 
woolen do. 2 tow shirts which the 3 d Batallion rec d at Valey Forge 
March 3, 1778 by Nichols 

Cap 4 Weeks p d Gen 1 Poor for 136 pr. Shoes @ io/ 10 pr. 
Leather breeches @ 3O/ 7 pr. hose @ gj amount .86. 3 o Del d 
Octo 22 1777 at Albany 



[R. 5-178] [Men Engaged during the War.} 

James Moor William Scott hired & Enlisted Duering the war by 
[Peterborough] Slip & Amos Spaffard by Peterborough And w Law 
by Temple W m Kenan by Jaffrey 

Test James M c Nee 

Jn Taggart 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



[COLONEL MOSES HAZEN'S REGIMENT, 1778. 

This regiment cannot properly be claimed as a New Hampshire 
regiment. It was composed of men from this State, the New Hamp- 
shire Grants, Canadians, and Indians ; but as it is impossible at this 
time to correctly designate which are the names of the New Hamp- 
shire men, it has been deemed best to print the rolls entire, as they 
are found in a volume of New Hampshire manuscript documents, in 
the Department of State, Washington, D. C. 

Colonel Hazen was born in 1733, probably in Haverhill, Mass. He 
served as an officer in the expedition against Crown Point in 1756, 
and in the Canada expedition 1759-60, and, subsequent to the close of 
the French war, settled in the vicinity of St. John's, where he accumu- 
lated considerable property. In 1775 he furnished supplies to Gen- 
eral Montgomery's army on its invasion of Canada, and his property 
was destroyed by the British army in consequence. He then offered 
his services to Congress, and was appointed in January, 1776, colonel 
of a regiment called " Congress's own regiment." In June, 1781, he 
was appointed brigadier-general and remained in the army until the 
close of the war. He died at Troy, N. Y., in 1802, or 1803. Docu- 
mentary History of New York; American Archives ; History of Ha- 
verhilly Mass. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



293 



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REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



A Roll of Capt. Matthew M c Connell> Coll Has ens Reg* agreeable 
to Gen 1 orders, Sep 1 8 th 1778 





NAMES & RANK 


For what Term 


Remarks 




Matthew M c Connell C* 




On Parole 




John Hughes I st Lieut 




On five days furlough 




I 


Edmund Berry Serj* 






2 


Richard Edmundson do 


3 years 




3 


W m Easton 


3 years 




i 


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dur? War 




2 


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3 years 






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I 


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3 years 




2 


Alexander White 


D- War 




3 


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ditto 




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ditto 




5 


Cornelius Woods 


ditto 




6 


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ditto 




7 


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ditto 




8 


James Hadon 


ditto 




9 


Owing M c Glosphin 


ditto 




10 


James Gilbus 


ditto 




ii 


Patrick M c Graw 


ditto 




12 
13 


Timothy Kelley 
James Mayo^Gooyo 


ditto 
3 years 


Hospital New haven 
Hospital White Plains 



Jo Count Lewis L' 

[Endorsed] A Roll of Capt. Matthew M c Connells Company Col ( 
Moses Hazens Reg 4 Sep' 8 th - 78 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



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300 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



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William Jones 


William Black 
Patrick Burns 
John Brown 
John Butcher 
William Bowen 




M N ro rf- i-nvo t^ 



I 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



301 



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3O2 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

A Roll of Capt. John Carlils Company in Coll Hazens Reg- 



Nums 


NAMES 


Ranks 






Sam 1 Sanford 


Ensign 






I 


John Ryan 


Serjeant 




/ 


2 


Collin M Lachlan 


Do 






I 


Thomas M c Clean 


Fifer 






2 


George M c Donnold 


Do 






I 


Richard Osman 


Drummer 






I 


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Corporal 






2 


Philip M c Donnold 


Do 






I 


Johnes Hopkins 


Privates 






2 

3 


Robert King 
Ja 6 M c Entire 


Sick 
Do 


Regimental Hospital White Plains 
Do Do 


4 


Edward Conner 




on Commd in the artiliray 




5 


William Dealons 








6 


Jacob Deek 








8 


George Sumenvill 
Thomas Deaner 




on do Light infantry 




9 


Griffeth Roberts 








10 


Nehemiah Borno 








ii 


Tho 8 Davis 








12 


Ja s Murry 








J 3 


Francis Fycount 




Invalid 




14 


Tho 8 Larkins 








15 


John Batten 








16 


Johnes Wallace 








17 


John Obryon 








18 
19 

20 
21 
22 


Henry Wellen 
Manly Turkentine 
William Smith 
Martain Mulloy 
Edward Wall 




on Comm d Regem* Hospital 
on do in Light Infantry 
on do Working for Gen 1 Poors 
Sick in Gen 1 Hospital [Brigade 
Do 


23 


Sam 1 Frazer 




Do 




24 


Ambroise Wilson 




Do in New heaven 




II 


Robert Mitchel 
Charles Friend 




Do in Reading 
DO k 





[Endorsed] 
Reg' 



Sam 1 Sanford Ens 
A Roll of Cap* J. Carliles Company Col Hazens 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



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304 REVOLUTIONARY WAR 


ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 


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308 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



[The men were all engaged during the war, except the drum major, 
who was for three years.] 

[Endorsed] Roll of Capt. Satterlees Company Col. HazensJRegi- 
ment Camp Near Bedford Sept r 13 th 1778 



A Roull of Cap* W m Munson Company in Co 1 Moses Hazens Reg*- 
in the Service of the United States Sep* 1 3 th 1 778 





NAMES AND RANK 


iow long inlisted for 


on Command absent and Sick 
Absent where 




Will m Munson Capt 




on Command White plains 




A 1 AVQ r\r\f*r AA7i1cr\n T lAiit 




77* -I 




-Ti.IcXciIl(J.Cl VV IloUJl J_*lcU. 

Anabel Bollay Lieu 1 





on r unow 
on Com d at Co Horse 


I 


John M c Namara Serjent 


Three years 




2 


Bartho w Shridon D 


During the war 


Sick White plains 


I 


Samuel Acley Corp 1 


3 years 




I 


James Kindel Drummer 


During: the War 




2 


Willi m Roberts Fifart 


Do 


do Sick at White Plains 


I 

2 


Jas Berkley Private 
Dinnis Bohon 


D 
do 


do Joined the Light infantry 
Do 


3 


Joseph Barkner f 


do 


Do 


4 


Andrew Campble 


do 


Do 


5 


Tho 8 Camoron 


do 


Do 


6 
7 


Joseph Dyer 
Daniel Duffy 


do 
do 


Do 
Do 


8 


Richard Enis 


do 


Do 


9 


Daniel Huniston 


do 


do on Com d Peeks Kills 


10 


David Killey 


3 years 




ii 

12 


Henry Lapool 
Jas Lloyd 


During the War 
do 


do 


13 


John Milling 


do 


do 


14 


W m O'Nail 


do 


do Sick at Yorktown 


15 


Jas Parker 


do 




16 


Henry Pool 


do 




17 


Terrence Robinson 


do 3 years 


On Com d White plains 


18 


Thomas Robinson 


During the War 


Sick Yorktown 


J 9 


Jas Shilds 


do 


do 


20 


Lapool Shutir 


do 


do 


21 


Deadloff Slaughter 


do 


do 


22 


Edward Brooks 


do 


do Sick Yorktown 


23 


W m Weest 


do 


do 


24 


Aaron Huttele 


do 


do 



[Endorsed] Roll of Cap 4 Munsons C* Co 10 Hazens Reg 1 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



309 



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a 







310 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



1779 

[Copies of Letters. Bedel to General Clinton. Bedel Papers, p. 93.] 

6 th Jan'y 1 779 

Sir You will see by the Inclosed Copies of Instructions from 
Gen 1 Bayley by Directions from Gen 1 Washington what I have been 
ordered to do. I have Compleated a Store forty foot long and 35 
wide with five smokes Two large Bake Ovens all Compleated 
Boarded Shingled and Glazed, also a Guard House 30 and 18 with 
Two Smokes well boarded & shingled a Barrack for soldiers 50 by 
20 well Boarded and Battened and am now ordered to Build another 
to Contain 1000 Barrels which I am now at work upon. I am obliged 
to keep constantly in Service as much as Six Teams for all which 
Service have never rec d any money to Carry on the Business and 
have been obliged to run into Debt I can't send an Exact Account 
at present being not able to settle my accounts but send an Account 
of the heaviest Articles I have been obliged to Purchase 

31875 feet of Boards at 6 ^ 1000 .191. 5. o 

12000 of io d Nails at 6/ 15 ^ 1000 81. o. o 

16000 of Shingle Nails at 3/ 6 52. 16. o 

} of a Tun of Iron at 257 "$ C* 125. o. o 

i Box of Glass 7 by 9 86. 

I. o 

I refer you to M r Lyne about the Store and other buildings as he 
lives in the Store & can inform you of every particular 

6 th Jan'y 1779 

Sir Being informed by Letters from Albany that your Honor 
has the Command of the Northern Department arid the former 
acquaintence we have had makes me take the Liberty to write to 
inform you of our Situation in these parts we have a store erected 
here with upwards of 1000 Barrels of Beef, about 600 Hides, about 
30 Barrels of Tallow, about 30*000 dollars worth of Forrage belonging 
to the States which lies very much exposed, my men neither having 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 31! 

rec d Blankets or Cloathing of any sort and we are also destitute of 
Ammunition and unless some step is taken the stores must of 
Course fall a Sacrifice 

I have sent to Boston for Blankets but there is none in Store 
Gen 1 Washington wrote to me 7 th Dec r that he had sent me all his 
Dispatches with the Resolves of Congress relating [to] the Cloathing 
&c of my Reg 1 by L* Colo. Wheelock who has not since been heard off 
so that I am afraid he is fell into the Enemies Hands I rec d a 
letter from Gen 1 Gates yesterday who refers me to you if you have 
any Blankets sho d be glad you wo d send some The Bearer M r 
Lyne I refer your Honou^ to him for every particular 



\Letter. Col. Bedel, probably to Gen. Schuyler. Hibbard Coll., N. 
H. Historical Society, Vol. IV. p. 144.] 

Haverhill II th Jan^ 1779 

Dear Sir I rec d your favour by Colo. Louis am greatly obliged 
to your Honour for the same. I send you as follows the particulars 
of what has come to Hand We have upwards of 30 Families of 
Indians here, almost naked, am obliged to furnish them with Pro- 
visions, they are ready for any service when called upon co d they be 
furnished with Blankets &c Col Louis has seen them who I refer 
your Honours to, who will inform you of their Situation The In- 
telligence brou* by a Deserter who came from Point Levi the last of 
Nov r informs the Destination of the Troops are as follows at 
Quebec 400, Sorrell 2000 Chambalee 12 S* Johns 300, Isle aux 
Noix 240 Part of which are sick at Montreal, at Shatagee 50 
Oswagoohe* 100 Buck Island 150 Niagara 340 River Rooms 
200 at Trois Rivere 120 The Tories chiefly at Sorrell no forti- 
fication, but Building large Barracks Storehouses &c They are in 
great Expectation of seeing us in that Country this Season The 
Canadians are very desirous to see us come in Earnest, and have 
kept their Horses fat so as to be ready to help us and Arms Secreted 
to proceed along with us The above Intelligence is Confirmed by 
our Scouts as also by Letters from different C 1 Priests from those 
parts 

* [Now Ogdensburg, N. Y. ED.] 



312 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

{Colonel Bedel to General Gates. Bedel Papers, p. 94.] 

Haverhill 1 3 th Jan? 1 779 

Sir Yours by Cap 1 Ladd I rec d am very much obliged to your 
Honour for the favour, and where as your Honour said you had for- 
warded my Letters to Gen 1 Washington and that I sho d hear from 
your Honour in 20 days from that Time, and our situation being 
such I look upon it as my Duty to put your Honour in mind that we 
are destitute of Blankets Ammunition &c. to defend ourselves or the 
Stores in Case any attack sho d be made by the Enemy Gen 1 
Washington in his Letter the middle of Dec r informs me that he 
had sent the Resolves of Congress with his own Dispatches to me 
relating the Cloathing &c of my Reg 1 by L 1 Col Wheelock, I have 
never heard from him nor yet seen the Resolves In your Hon rs 
Directions to me you desire I wo d furnish Cap 1 Traversie and some 
Indian Chiefs with Cloathing which I wo d do with the greatest 
Chearfullness was it in my power, but no such articles at present are 
to be had here Lieu 1 Fisk a Gentleman of undoubted veracity waits 
upon your Honour with this, who supplies the Inhabitants in this 
Place with foreign Goods will take in his charge any thing your 
Honour may please to send, and see the same faithfully delivered I 
hope by this Time your Honour has rec d orders from his Excellencies 
relating this Quarter which I hope your Honour will please to Com- 
municate to me by the Bearer that I may be able to Govern myself 
accordingly and know what is to be done We have Constantly the 
most favourable Intelligence we can expect from Canada by Indians 
who are daily coming in here from that Quarter and that the In- 
habitants wait for us with the greatest Impatience I have upwards 
of 200 Men constantly on Duty here and not more than 50 Blankets 
and the Barracks not made comfortable as yet 

I am your Honours most Ob 1 Hble Serv 1 
Horatio Gates M. Gen 1 Tim Bedel 



[R. 5-181] [Soldier's Receipt.] 

Jan^ n th 1779 Received of the Board of War one pair overalls 
I being a Soldier in Capt Beals Comp y 3 d Battalion of New Hamp- 
shire Troops ~ u ^ c , 

Thomas X Shaw 

mark 

Test Mat w Thornton Jun r 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 313 

[R. 5-182] Copy of Instructions to M* Leigh Jan y 1779 

State of New Hamp : Board of War Portsm Jany 15 th 1779. 
Joseph Leigh Esq Commissary of Issues for s d State 

Sir In Consequence of an order from the Honorable Committee 
of Safety of said State Bearing date the 9 th ins 1 

You are hereby directed to Issue on Cred* to each Commissioned 
officer of the Troops of this State necessaries to the value of three 
months pay provided they are unable to advance the money also 
to continue the Credit you have already given a number of those 
Gentlemen to amount of ,823. till you receive furth r directions 
from the Board The Board desires your particular attention to the 
Cloathing Issued by them to the different Non Commissioned Officers 
& privates as pr Rolls Transmitted you from time to time & will be 
sent you at any future Issues that may take place till the deficiencies 
are made good agreeable to our former directions And the Board 
enjoyn you to apply & procure Rolls from the proper Officers of each 
Battallion as soon as may be to ascertain the same thereby you will 
be enabled to discharge the dues to each man, if there is a supply 
sent forward sufficient for that purpose and should there be a de- 
ficiency in Store, you will inform the Board, & they will exert them- 
.selves to forward what may be wanting 

We are with Respect &c 



[General Bay ley to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 95.] 

Newbury January i8 th 1779 

Sir As it is his Excellency General Washingtons Express Orders 
that a Magazine is Established in this place, in order for the safety 
of this Frontier or an Expedition against our common Enemy, and 
tho' it is of the utmost Importance to the Inhabitants of this Quarter, 
yet many of them are using every means in their Power to Export 
all Flour in .their Power to a distant Part, this is therefore to desire 
you immediately to set such Guards as to prevent the Exporting 
Flour from this River, from Charlestown and upward The Com- 
missary of Purchases is desired to attend and Purchase all Flour thus 
attempted to be Exported as well as all others to be spared in Glou- 
cester, Cumberland, Chester and Grafton By the Generals Direc- 
tions 

Jacob Bayley B. Gen 1 
Col Bedel at Haverhill and all Concerned 



314 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Bay ley to Bedel. Hibbard Collection Vol. IV. p. 94.] 

Newbury 2 I st Jan? 1779 

S r I wish you to send to Cap 1 Taylor to set a guard of his Com- 
pany if needed so as to prevent any Grain or Flower being carried 
from Lebanon and Claremont and the Towns adjacent 

I am yours Jacob Bayley 

To Col Bedle Commanding at Haverhill 



[Bayley to Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 96.] 

22 nd Jan? 1779 
S r I wish you to send stringing for twenty two pr Snow Shoes by 

Eph m or let the men fill them with the rest 

To Col Bedle Jacob Bayley 

I wish the Teams to be ready to hall the Beef a monday and a 

Scout be sent out monday or sooner 



[Ibid.] 

Newbury 6 th Feby 1 779 

S r M r Robert Peaslee has a number of Mogasons to Turn into 
the Stores for Continental use as you act as Quartermast r and are a 
Judge of the goodness of Mogasons what you think will answer and 
you receive I will account with him for 

I am yours Jacob Bayley 

To Col Tim Bedle acting Q. M. G. at Haverhill 



[R. 5-183] [Joshiia Wentworth to Joseph Oilman.] 

Portsm Jan? 22 d 1779 

Sir. Your f av r of this date pr Taylor rec d & observe the order of 
the Committee respect'g Barrack'g soldiers I hope you were able 
to procure a place for those now at Exeter I will be up next week 
& assist in what may be further necessary I send by Taylor 20 pr 
L. Breaches suppos'd you might have occation for them we have 
no Blankets here we have purchas'd few p's Checks &c. & shall 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 315 

procure all in our power, & have made up into shirts without loss of 
time, to cloath those soldiers that are here 

I am with much regard Sir, Y r very h 1 Serv' 

Josh a Wentworth 



[R. 5-183] \Edward Burnham.~\ 

The Board of War have charg'd to Edward Burnham $. 16. o in 
1779 Jan'y & Feb'y as appears by the Board of War's accounts. 

Ex d by Josiah Gilman Jun r 



[R. 5-184] [Concerning Provisions for Falmouth) Me.] 

This may Certifie all Home it doth or may Concern that John 
Waite master of the Sloop Riseing States now Bound to Portsmouth 
in the State of New Hampshire, after provisions for this Town, we 
Think him to be a sutable Person to be Intrusted w th the same 
therefore beg the assistance of our Friends in assisting the said Waite 
Given under our Hands at Falmouth this 5 th day Feb'y 1779 

Nath 1 Carll ) Selectmen 
Step n Waite of 

Pearson Jones ) Falmouth 

[Captain John Waite was allowed by the Committee of Safety to- 
export 100 bushels of corn to Falmouth. ED.] 



[R. 5-185] [Joshua Wentworth to Joseph Gilman.~\ 

Portsm Feb'y 15, 1779 

Sir. Inclosed is a letter came by Cap* Martin from Boston We 
have a number of Shirts ready, with some Cloath'g for G 1 Stark, & 
Cap* Stones p s Linnen & Cambrick therefore desire a Waggon & 
two horses, (the small Waggon will be sufficient) sent down tomor- 
row morn'g early so that they may return same day 

I am Sir yr friend & Ser* 
To Joseph Gilman Esq Exeter Josh. Wentworth 



3l6 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

\Colonel Bedel to Colonel Hazen. Bedel Papers, p. 97.] 

Haverhill 8 th Feb? 1779. 

Sir This you receive by M r Robert Peaslee. I wo d had wrote to 
you before this but no opportunity serving for that purpose and the 
Campaign this Winter being likely to fall thro,' and I having engaged 
with my Men in Two, all things of course must fail, and I shall be 
obliged to quit all Public Business. Nevertheless I am and shall 
stand ready to assist you or any of my worthy Friends in everything 
that my Abilities will admit of. We shall I am afraid be put in a Poor 
Situation in this Place in Case we should be surprized by the Enemy 
as the Reg 4 will be disbanded. We have here above 1000 Barrels 
of Beef and other Stores in Proportion. I have built and Conipleated 
a large Store since you were here to Contain the whole and have 
never rec d anything towards the same it is allowed by the Commis- 
saries to be as Convenient a one as they ever saw for the size We 
have here also a large number of Indians who have acted with the ut- 
most Impatience and are now going off a Hunting, being disappointed. 
I have been obliged to furnish them with Ammunition Indian Stock- 
ings &c at my own expense not one single farthings worth being pro- 
cured by the Public tho' repeatedly wrote for (now for private 
business) 

as you mentioned to me in Person also by Sundry Letters to desire 
I wo d purchase up some Lands for you I have ever been looking 
about but as yet Purchased none, by my Discourse with M r Sam 1 
White I was convinced in my mind he never meant to live upon his 
farm at the Upper Co'os and since I have discoursed with M r Peasle 
I am fully Convinced I must recommend it to you as one of the 
best Farms you can purchase in these parts M r Peasle will call upon 
him to know the Terms (Nature I am certain has done its Part to 
make the same Compleat for the best Farm on this River if I am a 
Judge) I find there is now at this time by Purchasing of Land a 
wide opening for Trade and as M r Peasle lives near the Seaport and 
I imagine it is in your Power and you please to undertake the same I 
am ready to Enter into Partnership, or Assist M r Peaslee in whatever 
you may judge most prudent If any Troops sho d march into 
Canada I am & shall be ready with a Number of Men & Indians to 
assist on any sudden Emergency at the shortest notice I have had 
Intelligence by severall Parties who I have sent out to S l Francois 
and to the River Masco to view the Lands in those parts who Report 
it is the most excellent Land they ever went over, upon their Return 
from S 1 Johns I order d them to Travel thro' your Patent Easterly 
to Lake Suape [?] which is the East Side of Lake Amphrobagog as 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 317 

you will see by the Plan which they say is the best Land they ever 
Travelled upon and upon Lake Suape large Meadow superior to the 
Oxbow and from the Lake down to S* Francois River which is short 
Two Days Travail down to M r Whites Farm from s d Lake to Con- 
necticut River is a short days Travel and also fine Land 



[Gen. James Clinton to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 95.] 

Albany Feb'y i6 th 1779 

Sir Yours of the 3 d Ins 4 is come to hand. I am very sorry to 
find the Stores at Haverhill which are of such infinite importance 
are in so precarious a situation I have sent Major Cochran with 
an order on the Commissary of Military Stores at Springfield for 
such a quantity of Ammunition as you may want who is to forward 
it to you as quick as possible I have also wrote to Major Whit- 
comb ordering him to take Post at Haverhill for the defence of the 
Stores when he shall have collected his scattered Corps I cannot 
Conclude without requesting you to pay the strictest attention to 
the safety of those Stores and use every Exertion in your power for 
their protection by putting yourself in the best Posture of Defence 
to repel an attack or prevent a surprize. I have wrote to his Excel- 
lency on the subject and expect an answer speedily which I shall 
communicate to you you are to call on the Militia for their assist- 
ance if necessary The Commissaries of Purchase and Issues in 
this Department by Instructions which they have rec d from Gen 1 
Washington, are determined to have the Stores moved from Haver- 
hill to N 4 in which you will assist all that lies in your power ; as 
soon as part of the Stores is moved to N 4 you will desire Major 
Whitcomb to go with his Party to Guard them, while you Guard the 
upper Stores Forrage &c Major Cochran is to leave part of the 
ammunition at N 4 and the rest to be forwarded to you, send me 
a Return by the Major of your Regiment 

Colo : Bedel (Copy) James Clinton B. Gen 1 



[Colonel Bedel to General Bay ley. Bedel Papers, p. 98.] 

Haverhill 17 th Feb? 1779 

Sir Yours I received by Cap 4 Morey yesterday and am ready to 
deliver up the Guards agreeable to your Proposal but Capt. Morey 
not being sufficient in N of Men to take the Guards his Provision 



3l8 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Return being only for Nine Men (himself included) and Forty Two 
Men of my Reg 1 are now on the different Guards In Regard to 
the Number of Men I Regard not, only Request your Certificate for 
the Delivery of the Stores, that you have received them from me in 
good, or bad condition, as may be found upon Examination, if I 
deliver up the same, and order my men away, and the Two Commis- 
saries being at present absent, I desire I may be set upon an Equal 
Footing so as to be Accountable for what I do I understand by 
Sundry Persons (and Capt. Morey in Person) you are willing my 
Men sho d take the charge of the Stores, only so many are constantly 
drawing Provisions which you look upon needless, You will be pleased 
to send me word what Number you would have employed in that 
duty, only Consider, it will not Answer in regard to N unless there 
can be proper Relief and you may depend upon it the way proposed 
in Respect to the Militia will be more Expencsive than my Men taking 
the Charge of the same as they now stand. You will please Sir to 
Consider, that Forty of the Militia at least must be upon the Ground, 
and the Capts. employed to raise as many more for the next Guard, 
and at a great distance, and their Continual Marching backward, and 
forward with the Additional Pay they will expect will amount to more 
than my Men will receive, in Regard to which I am not going to dic- 
tate but am ready to deliver up the Store instantly to you or any one 
you may appoint, giving me a Proper Certificate for the same, if one 
Centinel is not on the Ground, the Reason for my asking a Certifi- 
cate is, the Two Commissaries desired I would take the charge of 
the same untill their return, and in Case any Embezlement should be 
made in the Stores at their Return (the Militia then having the 
Guard) and the Stores upon proper Examinations being Delivered up 
by me to you or whom you may appoint wo d doubtless clear the 
Slander which my Men might be charged with If you chuse a N 
of my men sho d be employed to Guard the Stores I sho d be glad to 
know what N you think sufficient and I will use my endeavours to 
get them, and send you an account, the number must be so as to 
make proper Relief otherwise let us proceed in a regular way and 
deliver the Stores in proper form I am Sir 

Your hble Servant 
B. G. Bayley T. B. 



\General Bayley to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 99.] 

Newbury Feb? 17 th 1779 

S r I always tho* that the Guards for the Magazene was ordered 
by my Desire and you know I have so represented to his Excellency 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 319 

'General Washington so but if you have the charge of the Magazene 
from the Commissary only I shall not interfere (but I took it other- 
way), I would however advise that 50 men only guard untill the Com- 
missarys return and that no more Draw Provitions, if you think best 
that the militia take the Guards as many as 50 shall be raised in two 
days but I shall not receipt for these reasons if you kept the guard 
by my order there is no need and as (if you please) you shall Direct 
whatever Guards may be ordered for the future & if you did not nor 
do not keep the Guards by my order I shall order the Militia home 

I am S r Your Humble Servant 
To Col Timothy Bedle Haverhill Jacob Bayley 



[R. 5-186] [Concerning Richard Smart.} 

Atkinson Febry i6 th 1779 

This may Sertify that Richard Smart is a Soldier in my Comp'y & 
3 d N. H. Reg 1 this is to Desire you to Let him have such Cloath- 
ing as he shall want his Paying for the Same Pr. me 

Benj a Stone Capt. 
To the Board of War at Exeter 

Received Two Check'd Linnen Shirts Two p r Shoes One p r 
Leather Breeches & One p r Overalls for which I am accountable 

Richard Smart 



[R. 5-186] {Capt. Daniel Livermores Receipt.} 

Exeter Feb'y i6th 1779 Received of the Board of War one pair 
Cloth Overalls & One p r Shoes for Daniel Chandler a Soldier in my 
Company Also One pair Shoes for Moses Page One p r ditto for 
John Hillery One p r ditto for Jeremiah Fairfield they being Soldiers 
in my Company Also one pair Cloth Overalls for myself 

Dan 1 Livermore Cap 1 



[R. 5-186] [Lieut. Enoch Chases Receipt.} 

Exeter Feb'y 2Oth 1779 Received of the Board of War Twenty- 
eight pounds Sugar value Eighteen Shillings & Eight, for which I 
promise to account with them or order Enoch Chase L* 



32O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Colonel Bedel to General Clinton. Bedel Papers, p. 101.] 

Haverhill March 6 th 1 779 

Sir I rec d your Favour By M r Lyne Dated Feb y i6 th 1779 vou 
mintind that Maj r Cochran was to bring some ammunition from 
Springfield for the use of the Troops hear he has arriv d and left the 
ammunition at N 4 and I have given him orders to leve it their with 
Doc r page who takes Cair of the Stores there with orders to Deliver 
the same to me or my order as I have Receiv d a small Quantity from 
Boston you mention that you had ordered Maj r Whitcomb to 
march to Haverhill I have not as yet seen or heard of the Maj r or 
his men you Directed me to take the best Cair of the Stores in my 
power which I shall do with the gratist Cherfullness you also men- 
chend the Removall of the Stores from this place to N 4 which is 
not posebel at this time as the snow is all gone and the ground is not 
setteled fit for Carridges Neither can the Stores be Removed till the 
Danger of the Enemys Coming this winter will be over a Return of 
my Reg 1 you have inclosed that N of men or more I can Raise if 
Neded But I should give it as my opinion that Two Hundred men 
Beside Whitcombs Corps and the Militia would be a suficent N for 
the gards of the Stores or Scouting parties and in case that N 
could be furnish d with proper Neseries viz Clothing and Blankets 
I am very Cleair in it that the Enemy will not Be able to Hurt the 
Stores if they should not be Removed. Sir from our former acquain- 
tence I make the more Free I must inform you that we never had 
orders till about the furst of Nov r to mak any Barrels there for this 
Beef then in Nov r we cut the stuff for them and the Barrels was made 
with that green stuff and in case they are Removed By Carting in the 
Hott season of the year the Barrels will Leak the Broyne out and the 
Beef will be entirely lost But I should give it as my opinion that 
theair should be som Vatts made very Cool and the Beef put in them 
and kept as much from the Heat as possible and the Enemy if they 
should Come would be Troubel d to Destroy them as much again as if 
in a proper Store and they are very easly made By the gaurd at very 
little expense I Beg you will excuse me for giving my opinion so 
free But I Beg leve to Refer you to Maj r Cochran who has view d 
the place and the situation of affairs In regard to Shoes we have 
plenty here in the Commissary of Hides Stores, and should be glad to 
have an order to draw some for the Men and I have never presumed 
to draw one pair for them Whenever the Commissaries are ready 
to remove the Stores and the Roads will permit I shall give all the 
Assistance in my power to M r Lyne who has the Direction for the 
Removal of the same Gen 1 Bayley looking upon himself as Com- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 321 

manding officer Ordered me about the loth of Feb y to Dismiss my 
men to the N of 50 which is the reason no more draws Provisions n >: 
upon the Ground 



[General Bay ley to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 102.] 

S r agreeable to your Letter to the Committee met at Dresden, 
Capt Morey is arrived with a Party to relieve your Guards if any more 
men than is ordered is needed at Present they are or will be ready I 
wish you to give the same orders you usually have given to your 
Guards and assist them as to giting Provitions &c I thank you for 
your care in Guarding the magazenes heretofore, 

am your Humble Servant 

Jacob Bayley 

P. S. 20 men was ordered with Capt. Morey, and 30 are ready from 
Lebanon and Colo Olcot 

To Col Bedle March i6 th 1779 



[R. 5-188] 

Invoice of Clothing & Stores sent by the Board of War for the State 
of New Hampshire (in two Waggons] in care of Benjamin Leavitf] 
for Supply of the Troops raised by said State, and addressed to Jo- 
seph Leigh Esq r Commissary at Head Quarters, appointed by the 
Committee of Safety to receive the same 

N 40. A Hogshead Containing 

364 p r Mens Shoes at 8/ 14$. 12. . 

1086 p r Leather Knee Garters at 1/3 67. 17. 6 213. 9. 6 
41 & 42. 2 Barrels Ginger I52 lb & I43 lb 295 lb Net at I5 d 18. 8. 9 
43. A Box Cont'g 

909 Black Stocks for Troops @ 3/ 136. 7. 
5 Beaver Hatts @ 78/ 19. 10. 

2 Beaveritt ditto @ 48/ 4. 16. 

3 Castor ditto @ 36/ 5. 8. 
i p s Garlix 33 yards @ 3/6 5. 15. 6 

2\ yds Linnen did Mr. Em- 
erson @ 7/ o. 17. 6 = 172. 14. 

21 



322 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

44. A Hhd Cont'g 510 pair Mens Shoes 

45. A do 430 p r ditto 

46. A do 377 p r do 

1317 pair @ 8/ 526. 16. 

47 i Barrel Sugar 2. I. 2 ) XT , ,. ^ /0 

I. 1 6 Tare { Net 2 - - 6 @ 74/8 7. 13. 4 

^939- I- 7 
Exeter New Hampshire March 8 th 1779 

Errors Excepted ^ Joseph Oilman 

[Superscribed] Copy Inv Cloath'g sent to Camp Mar. 8, 1779. 



[R. 5-190] \_Petition concerning John Fisher, EsqJ\ 

State of New ) To the Hon ble Council and House of Representa- 
Hampshire \ tatives for said State in General Assembly convened 
at Exeter 16, March 1779. 

Humbly shews Mark Hunking Wentworth of Portsmouth in 
the County of Rockingham and State aforesaid Esq r in behalf of John 
Fisher of said Portsmouth Esq r That the said Fisher having impor- 
tant urgent Business to transact in Great Britain, went from hence for 
that purpose, with a determination to return here again, as soon as his 
Business there was accomplished Accordingly he lately returned to 
New York, where he was seized with a lingering disorder, which de- 
tained him there untill he received Letters acquainting him of the ill- 
ness of his only Brother and of the pressing occasion of his immediate 
return to see his Brother in England. Which unhappy and unex- 
pected Events, caused the s d Fisher to postpone his return here, untill 
after he had visited his Brother there But the said Fisher being 
anxiously concerned to see his wife, and take care of the education 
of his elder children, desired her to beg of the State leave for 
her to come, with such of his Children to him at New York In 
consequence of which, his wife petitioned the Hon ble Committee of 
Safety for said State, for such leave and also for leave to return with 
her said husband here, as soon as his Business, & opportunity would 
permit She obtained leave to go, and went with some of her chil- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 323 

dren, * leaving the rest here with longing expectation of returning 
soon to see them again. Your Petitioner further suggests that he 
has the strongest reasons to believe, that M r Fisher declined engaging 
in any Business in Great Britain which might hinder his return here. 
That when he came to New York, it was with design to come here 
which no doubt he would have accomplished, had not those sad acci- 
dents prevented : And as Mr. Fisher's conduct when here & while ab- 
sent has not been inimical, but on the contrary, he has ever exhibited 
a friendly disposition, in acts of kindness and generosity to American 
Prisoners, as many in this, and the other United States gratefully ac- 
knowledge and will testify. Which facts had they been known to the 
General Assembly of this State, at the time of passing the proscribing 
act, your Petit r conceives would have prevented the said Fisher's 
name from being inserted among the proscribed. Wherefore your 
Petit r humbly prays your Honors would take M r Fisher's peculiar hard 
case into your wise and candid consideration and grant him leave to 
return & live in this State and your Petitioner as in Duty bound 
will ever pray &c. Mark H'g Wentworth 



.State of New 1 In the House of Representatives March if h 1779 
Hamp r } Upon reading and considering the foregoing Petition 
Voted, That the Petitioner be heard thereon before the General 
Assembly on the first Tuesday of their next session, & that the Peti- 
tioner in the mean time cause the substance of the Petition and order 
thereon to be published three weeks successively in one of the New 
Hampshire neVspapers & in one of the Boston newspapers that any 
person may appear and shew cause why the prayer thereof may not be 
granted and that all Process against the said Fisher & his estate be 
suspended in the meantime 

Sent up for Concurrence John Dudley Speak r pro. temp. 

In Council the same day read and Concurred 

E. Thompson Sec'ry 



[R. 5-191] [Testimony presented to support the Foregoing.'} 

Cap 4 Thomas Palmer of lawful age testifieth and saith he sailed from 
this Port [Portsmouth] on the ninth day of June A. D. 1 778 bound to 

* [October 23, 1778, the Committee of Safety granted a permit to 
"Ann Fisher with her 4 Children & 2 Servants & baggage, to proceed 
from Portsm to New London in Connecticut, to meet her husband 
Jn Fisher Esq r in ord r to go to England." ED.] 



324 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

France with Dispatches from the Continental Congress and two 
days afterwards was taken by the Experiment Ship of War and car- 
ried to New York after being close confined sometime on board a 
Prison Ship was admitted to go on shore on Parole when John Fisher 
Esq r sent for him he (s d Palmer) waited upon s d Fisher who expressed 
a Concern at not knowing he was a Prisoner at the time Cap 1 Lewis 
was released as s d Fisher said he would then have endeavoured to 
have procured his discharge also s d Fisher then made particular en- 
quiry what Piscataqua Men were the prisoners & in what manner they 
were treated & whether any were in immediate want of Relief being 
informed Cap* Gregory was very sick, he sent him some Money by 
him the s d Palmer, said Fisher then told the s d Palmer he would en- 
deavour to procure a Flag the Release of him and others some time 
after s d Fisher told the s d Palmer he had procured a Flag to transport 
twenty two Prisoners to New London as the States then being in 
Debt to the Admiral to the number of ninety Prisoners s d Fisher told 
him a greater number could not be released at that time & desired he 
would visit the Prison Ships and bring him a List of the Prisoners 
belonging to the State of New Hampshire to that amount upon 
enquiry the s d Palmer found there were only nine of the aforemen- 
tioned Prisoners then on board the Prison Ships at New York whose 
names he returned to s d Fisher who told him to make up the afores d 
number among those who stood in most need of Relief s d Palmer 
further saith thro' s d Fisher's means twenty two Prisoners were at 
that time sent in a Flag to New London and further saith not. 
Portsmouth March i6 th 17/9 Thomas Palmer 

[Sworn to before Samuel Penhallow. ED.] 



\Capt. Thomas Lewis's Testimony,^ 

Cap 1 Thomas Lewis of lawful age testifieth and saith that he 
sailed from this Port on the sixth day of May A. D. 1778 in the 
armed Ship Portsmouth on a Cruize against the enemies of the 
United States of America and on the eleventh day of the same 
Month was taken by the Experiment James Wallace Commander 
that he was detained on board the Ship Portsmouth and ordered to 
New York by the s d Wallace. In his passage to New York he fell 
in with a Fleet of Transports bound to New York under Convoy of the 
Ardent, Ship of War, Admiral Gambier Commander on board of one 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 325 

of which ships was John Fisher Esq r Some weeks after they arrived 
at New York s d Fisher came on board the Prison Ship where in the 
s d Lewis was confined and told him the s d Lewis he should have come 
to see him before had not a fit of sickness prevented him and asked 
s d Lewis if he would chuse to have his parole provided he would give 
his honour to send a Man in Exchange and if agreeable to be landed 
at Elizabeth Town in New Jersey s d Lewis told him the s d Fisher he 
had rather tarry a few days longer provided the s d Fisher could pro- 
cure his parole to be sent in a Flag to New London which the s d 
Fisher kindly promised to endeavour s d Lewis a day or Two after 
went on shore waited upon s d Fisher who told him he had procured' 
his Exchange to go in a Flag to New London accordingly in a few 
days s d Lewis was exchanged and sent to New London s d Lewis 

he stood in need of any money 
Fisher said he would supply him while 
he remained a Prisoner and further saith not. 

Tho s Lewis 

[Sworn to at Portsmouth, March 16, 1779, before Samuel Pen- 
hallow. ED.] 



[R. 5-193] 

[Nahum Akerman testified that his son Benjamin was a seaman on 
board the ship Portsmouth, was taken prisoner and sent to New 
York, and that Mr. Fisher obtained his release. ED.] 



[R. 5-194] \Capt. John Gregory s Testimony. ] 

Cap* John Gregory of lawful age testifyeth and saith that on the 
fourth day of February A. D. 1778 he sailed from this Port [Ports- 
mouth] Commander of the armed Brigantine M c Clary on a Cruize 
against the enemies of the United States and on the seventh day of 
the same month was taken by one of the Enemy's Ships and carried 
into New Port and there clise confined two months from thence 
removed to New York where he was kept under close confinement 
four months longer. . . . 

John Gregory 

[He further stated that he was sick and was supplied with money 
by Mr. Fisher, who subsequently procured his release. ED.] 



326 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-197] \_Letter from Commissary Leigh.~\ 

Camp Reading March i8 th 1779 

Sir By M r Emerson I wrote you somewhat fully with respect 
to the Roles of Deficiencys L* Blanchard of the 3 d Batt n is Re- 
turned from Philadelphia and in order that you might be able to Form 
a right Idea when the Cloathing ace* may be Brot to a close have 
Inclosed you what that Gen 1 wrote me on the occasion 

I am making the necessary Preparation to Receive the Roles of 
Deficiency but then I shall not look on them as authentic till I am in 
Possession either of the Originals or an attested Copy of their Settle- 
ment with the Continent Unless your pleasure is Signified to the 
contrary you 1 Perceive in the Debit side of the inclosed ace* Curr 1 
that Shoes are charged at three Dollars & Hatts at two In your 
ace* of Issues as well as the Invoices at times sent both them articles 
are rated at 8/ as the ace 1 of Issues now stands in these two 
articles the Difference is ^827: i8/ to the Disadvantage of the 
State 

I shall await your Directions on the matter as it is not for me to 
act in opposition to the Stipulated prices Doctor Francis Wain- 
wright a young Gen 1 who served his apprenticeship with Doctor 
Cutter of Portsmouth and now doing business in the Public Hospital 
at Danbury was with me a few days since in order to get some 
matters of Cloathing for himself Notwithstanding I am an Embit- 
ered Enemy against any unnecessary increase of our Publick Debts 
yet I must confess the argument that Gent used carried a clear and 
full conviction to me he might with Propriety be serv'd But then as 
a Complyance on my Part without your knowledge would be deem'd 
a Breach of Trust in me, I referd him to you & promised to take 
notice of it in my next and could wish to have leave to do it 

I suppose M r Emerson has given you a Memorandum of some 
articles necessary to Furnish the Stores with Trim'gs of all kinds 
and at all times is highly necessary to be in Store, Because there is 
a great Consumption and when any Officer is Necessitated to pur- 
chase otherways it Commonly Costs him more than a Compleat 
Suit would from me 

Officers Shoes Stockings, Linnen, and something Calculated for 
Summer Cloathing by no means would be improper as well as some 
Tea Coffee Spirits &c, as for the Sugar I shall endeavor to make it 
last out the month of May and as that is a very necessary article it 
will be proper at that time to have a fresh supply As for news 
have nothing Particular to Communicate saving that we are very 
Peacable in Camp and our men are Enlisting very fast During the 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 327 

War and I hear that is the case throughout the whole Army In 
short it appears to me that if the Bulk of the Freemen of this Exten- 
sive Continent would only Revert back to their original Professions 
at the Beginning of the War and Persevere therein The Americans 
with a Blessing would quickly Convince the whole World, that when 
Unanimous & Determined and engaged in so good a Cause They 
are Unconquerable We have it Reported in Camp that General 
Lincoln has gained a Decisive Victory over the Enemy in Georgia 
I pray God it may be Confirm'd and it is Fully Believed at this Head 
quarters I am with Personal Esteem Sir 

your most Obt Hbl Servt 

Joseph Leigh 

N. B. I suppose the ace 1 of Issues you sent up the last fall is to 
be Considered as to go through my books and that it is not Charged 
at home to the Continent and you 1 please to write me by Post 
directed to the Care of Cap* Bates at Reading Church 



[R. 5-198] \_Petition of Sarah Colbath^ of Durham J] 

State of ) To the Hon ble the Council and House of Represen- 
New Hamp r \ tatives of said State in General Assembly, convened at 
Exeter March 22 d 1779 - 

The Petition of Sarah Colbath of Durham in the State aforesaid 
widow Humbly Shews 

That Downing Colbath a son of your Petitioner who was a Continen- 
tal Soldier in Cap* Bell's Company & Col 1 Hale's Regiment was taken 
sick at Albany in the Autumn of 1777 & after remaining sometime 
in a Hospital there, obtained a Furlough to come home He set 
off very weak & with much difficulty got to Worcester in the State of 
Massachusetts Bay, when he was unable to proceed farther without 
assistance of which, when your Petitioner had information she dis- 
patched a Man with a Horse to bring him home the cost of which 
amounted to twelve pounds & six shillings as may appear by the acc ts 
&c herewith exhibited & as your Petitioner is in needy circum- 
stances, having lost her Husband in the service of the United States, 
& being left with a family of young Children, She requests your Hon- 
ors to take her case into your wise Consideration, and cause the above 
sum to be reimbursed to her & she as in duty bound will ever pray 

&r r her 

Sarah X Colbath 

mark 

[The committee reported in her favor. ED.] 



328 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 5-200] [Request from Boothbay for Corn.'] 

To the Hon r Gentlemen of the General Court sitting in Exeter 
We the Committee of Boothbay begs that your Honnors would grant 
M r Samuel peirs [Peirce] a per mit to bring out sum Corn out of your 
state to supply the poor of said Boothbay for tha are in a Suffiring 
Condition for want of bread meny femalys has not had the value of 
one peck of corn in thire houses for sum months past your Comply- 
ance with will greatly oblige your petitioners as well as the poor of 
this town. 

Boothbay April 12 1779 And w M c Farland ^ 

Andrew Reed I ^ 

T^ -, -o j > Committee 

David Reed ( 

Joseph Reed ) 

[Permission was granted Mr. Peirce to export thirty bushels of corn 
and twenty bushels of potatoes. ED.] 



\_Colonel Bedel to General Gates. Bedel Papers, p. 102.] 

Haverhill 28 th March 1779 

Hon d Sir Capt. Traversie and his Companion Joseph Gill the 
Chief of the S* Francois Indians are at Length returned and herewith 
wait on you with the Intelligence they have brought 

A week previous to their Return, the son and Brother in Law of 
the above Indian Chief arrived here from Canada, and am really sorry 
to say that some people here (whom they will name -to you) out of an 
inconsiderate Zeal or some other cause censured them as Tories and 
demand them from me in order to their Imprisonment, but as I was 
assured to the Contrary I refused to deliver them, Complaints of which 
I understand are gone to you, no doubt with every aggravation- that 
malice can suggest ; for the Elucidation of the whole I refer you to 
the Bearer. 

The articles you desired me to procure for Capt. Traversie I should 
readily have furnished him with but could not get them at least the 
Major part, some trifles he has had 

There is a certain Number of Indians who has strenuously exerted 

themselves in Scouting parties & has scarce any Cloathing, it would be 

really of service to send them Blankets, some other Indians have also 

been promised Cloathing but it is out of my power to provide them 

I am Hon d Sir Your most Obedient Humble Servant 

Honble Horatio Gates Esq r (Copy) Tim Bedel 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 329 

\Colonel Bedel to General Gates. Bedel Papers, p. 103.] 

Haverhill 3 I st March 1779 

Sir You will receive this by L' Col Wheelock I also write in 
favour of M r Louis Vincent a Collegian who has been a faithfull Sub- 
ject to the United States as an Interpreter, he has been among the 
Micmac Tribes &c, and brought all Intelligence he could obtain, it was 
not in my Power to reward him according to his desert therefore rec- 
ommend him to you, as Colo. Wheelock can inform of every Transac- 
tion 

The Goslins upon their Tour to Boston have represented me as a 
Tory and Enemy to my Country which Causes disturbances in these 
parts I am and was always willing to Answer for my Conduct but As- 
persions of such a nature is always detrimental to a Gentlemans Char- 
acter. I should be glad they might be removed from Hence, that Peace 
and Amity might subsist among us (I am Certain they are Influenced by 
Persons who doubtless would be glad to bear the sway) By daily 
News from the Northern parts everything is in our favour Colo. 
Wheelock will inform of any further particulars relative to the state we 
are in and that a sufficient Force should be kept upon these Frontiers 
in Case no Provisions is made in this Quarter (by Information received) 
the People of Course must be obliged to Evacuate these Parts 
Gen 1 Gates 



\Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. i.] 

Springfield 12 th April 1779 

Dear Sir I received your letter by R. Peaslee this will inform 
you of my Regiment being on their March for Co'os, & that we are 
thus far on the way we shall March Tomorrow, & not make any 
Material Halt untill we reach N 4 we have vague report of a Number 
of Canadians & Indians being at Co'os I hope it is true & that 
they may remain there untill I arrive which I hope & judge will be 
in the course of this Month Compliments to M rs Bedel & be- 
lieve me to be Dear Sir 

yours very Sincerely 
Col Bedel Moses Hazen 

P. S. Let it be said that I am going to N 4. only & there to build 
.a fort 



33O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS.- 

\_Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 2.] 

Camp Haverhill 24 th May 1779 

Dear Sir The bearer Moses Duty of Col : Scammells Regiment 
and James Merril of Col : Cilleys Reg* : have out stayed their time 
on furlough, and want me to lengthen out the Time I have Told 
them if they will Join your Party and be faithful a spell in the Public 
works I will Indeavour to secure them from Harm one of them is a 
Stone Layer and the other an axeman and as such I conceive they 
may be useful about your Barn which I Recommend to be 30 by 60 
feet you will never build Cheeper Yours 

Col : Bedle Moses Hazen 

\_General Bay ley to James Ladd. Bedel Papers, p. 104.] 



19 th April 1779 

S r thier is Eleaven Indians Remains here and as you have or- 
ders to take the care of them I wish you to Continue to see them Sup- 
plied untill you have orders to the Contrary from some Continental 
officer I am yours 

To L 1 James Ladd Jacob Bayley 

P. S. Col Hazen Desires me to Supply them till he comes 



[Draft in Gunthwaite (Lisbon). Bedel Papers, p. 105.] 

Gunthwaite July 20 : 1779 

Sir In pursuance of your order of the 8 Instant I have Drafted 
one man to go to the upper Cohos & he is ready to march at your 
order I am sir your Humb 1 Serv 4 

To Col Israel Morey Luther Richardson Capt 

N B. his Name is Ebenezer Richardson 



\Commissary Lyne s Certificate. Bedel Papers, p. 95.] 

Haverhill 2O th April 1779 

This is to Certify that on my arrival here on the 25 th day of Novem- 
ber last and at the Time of my Receiving the Stores from Jonathan 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 33! 

Child A. C. of Purchases (on the I st of December last) at the lower 
store in this place I found every thing in the best order, the Beef well 
laid up and preserved, and on Compleating the Repacking said Beef 
(amount in quantity to 113619 pounds weight) I find it to Tally 
exactly with my Receipt given, excepting a loss of 440 pounds wholly 
sustained in Cutting, Weighing, Packing, Reweighing & Repacking. 

I also found the Number of Hides of the Cattle killed here and 
Receipted by me, and the feet receipted by the Commissary of Hides 
to agree exactly with the account delivered by said Jonathan Child 
I do also Certify that Colo : Tim Bedel at my request furnished me 
with proper Guards to said Store out of his Reg 4 'till such time Colo : 
Hazens Reg 1 arrived here 

Matthew Lyne A. C. of Issues. 



Sir The foregoing are copies of Letters and orders relative to 
my Reg* raised in 1 778 for the Defence of the Frontiers, a much 
larger quantity I have by me much to the same Substance but 
thought it needless to send the whole, by which you will see by what 
means I drew provisions for my Men They have not received any 
Pay or Cloathing for their Service, except one hundred Men who 
went to Albany received Three Months pay but no Cloathing 
Upwards of Fifty Indians were supported out of the Provisions, 
which the Court of Enquiry was upon at N 4 

Tim Bedel 



[The following statement is on the back of the sheets containing 
the foregoing, in the handwriting of John Bedel. Eo.l 

These copies found in hands of Nath 1 White of Concord N. H. 
Ap. 29, 1870. The copies originally contained 20 pages but it 
appears that one sheet embracing pages 14, 15, 16, & 1713 mislaid 
or lost since Nath 1 Rix copied from them Mar. 9, 1838 

J. B. 



\Colonel Hazen to the Town Officials. Chase Papers, p. 171.] 

Charlestown April 22 d 1779 

Gentlemen My Regiment will march from this place tomorrow 
morning for coos for the protection of this fronteer Country and as 



332 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

we have a Large Quantity of Baggage which moves on with us it 
will be necessary for you to repair immediately the roads and bridges 
from town to town as well as to be in readiness to forward on the 
Baggage from place to place otherwise we shall be delayed on the 
march to the grate prejudice of the public service & in particular to 
the good people on this road 

I am Gentlemen 

your most Obedient Humble Servant 

Moses Hazen Col 

To the Gentlemen majestrates select men or surveyors of the 
roads & all other Inhabitants Living on the road from this place to 
coos 



[R. 6 i] [Petition of James and Mary Fleming^ 

To the Hon ble Committee of Safety for the State of New Hamp- 
shire Convened at Exeter for the public Business of said State 
The Petition of James Flemming & Mary his Wife unto your 
Honours Humbly Shews. 

That your Petitioners about Twelve Months past, came into 
America from Derry in the Kingdom of Ireland, with an Intention 
to settle themselves, and arrived in New York, where they have 
remained untill of late labouring under many heavy difficulties, & in- 
conveniences, & wishing they could get an opportunity to get to some 
Part of the American States, but finding it impracticable they took 
passage from New York in the Schooner Chance bound for Georgia, 
but on their passage thither they were taken by the Continental 
Frigates, & to their great Satisfaction brought into this State where 
they have met with a number of their kind Countrymen, with whom 
they wou'd wish to tarry if this Hon ble Committee wou'd indulge 
them with their Consent thereto and they hereby pledge their Faith, 
and are ready to take the oaths of allegiance to this State, that they 
will remain peaceable & quiet subjects therein & follow their respec- 
tive Trades, for which Indulgence they earnestly beg your Honors to 
grant as they have never taken any part in the present Dispute 
between the united States of America, & Great Brittain, & your 
Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 
Portsmouth April 22 d 1779 

James Fleming Mary Fleming 

[April 23, 1779, the Committee of Safety took the petition up and 
the matter was "ordered to lay for further Consider"." ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 333 

{Colonel Hazen to Major Childs. Chase Papers, p. i/i.] 

Charlestown 25 th April, 1779 

S r as my Regiment is ordered to coos for the protection of that 
Country and as the public Stores in this Quarter as I am told is des- 
titute of flower and as the transportation of that artical from Albany 
to this place at this season of the year is attended with great Diffi- 
culty, I must beg you will exert your utmost abilitys in collecting by 
purchasing or borrowing such quantities of flower for the support of 
the troops under my command as may be adequate to our present 
necessity as in case of your failure in this important business I shall 
be under the Disagreeable necessity of Quartering my Troops on the 
inhabitants for their daly subsistence you may assure the good 
people & those that are willing to Lend there flower on this occation 
that the Corny Gen 1 has taken such measures as will not only furnish 
the Troops with ample supply but in a short time inable us to repay 
such Quantity as you may borrow on this occasion. 

I am S r your very Humble Serv 1 
Maj r Childs Moses Hazen Col 



[R. 6-2] [Mrs. PepperelVs Petition.'} 

To the Honorable the Committee of Safety for the State of New 
Hampshire convened at Exeter the 4th of May 1779. 
Mary Ann Pepperell of Portsmouth in said State humbly shews 
That she has lately received a Letter from her Husband Andrew 
Pepperell Esq from New York, directing your Petitioner to meet him 
at the Lines at Kings Bridge, in order to embark with him for En- 
gland Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays your Honors, to 
grant her leave to comply with her Husbands orders : and John 
Sparhawk of Portsmouth aforesaid a Relative of her Husbands, 
having been so kind as to offer to accompany her, she further prays 
that He may have leave to go with her as far as the Lines aforesaid, 
& thence to return home. And your Petitioner as in duty bound 
will ever pray &c. 

Mary Ann Pepperell 

[Mrs. Pepperell's request was granted May 13, 1779. ED.] 



334 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-2] {Order for Clothing.'} 

Exeter May 13, 1779. 

*' Gent Joseph Tole & Samuel Marstin both of the late Cap 4 
Weares Compy 3 d N Hampshire Batt n apply for cloathing please to 
supply them, they to account therefor 

To the Board of War 1 Caleb Robinson Cap 1 

for New Hampshire J 
Received each of us Two p r Shoes & Two pair Stockings 

Samuel Marstin 
Joseph Tole 

(R. 6-3] [Statement of Naval Officer Russell, 1779.] 

Sir Whatever orders I have received from the Honorable com- 
mittee of safety, since my appointment to the Naval office have been 
faithfully executed to the extent of my power as far I believe as is 
in the power of any person in times so peculiarly depraved when 
evasion Juggle & deceit reign almost triumphant, yet I have reason 
to fear the public orders are often counteracted in a way that I cant 
detect nor procure any evidence to prosecute, except a constant 
guard was in the harbor, below the forts during the night season. 
Corn, masts & spars, I suspect are carried from this river to the Mas- 
sachusetts bay, in a way of smugling The masters of the vessels 
come to clear with all the appearance of innocence ; Pass the highest 
encomiums upon law, order, & government, pass the Forts Lawfully, 
& lay sometime in the harbor till their purposes are accomplished. 

My living on the banks of the river, gives me a general view of 
what passes on it ; and tis certain all the above articles are carried & 
towed down by boats generally through crooked Lane, which is 
wholly within the Jurisdiction of the Massachusetts bay and I dont 
see how this evil can be prevented, but by repairing the old Fortifica- 
tion on the point at New Castle and keeping an honest guard of ob- 
servation there. Indeed tis my opinion that the Jurisdiction of the 
harbor may soon be disputed, If that Fort is not properly occupied 
I think some movements that way are discernable. 

I have frequently examined outward bound vessels my-self ; But 
as I am rather rigidly bound to office hours by law, am obliged to em- 
ploy some trusty person & give them the whole fees of the vessel for 
their service after all, the matter is, as above described, which it 
appears my duty to communicate. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 335 

Myjlast order from the Honorable committee created a very great 
puzzle ; it respected the goods bot at vendue about the 2O th of last 
month, at that time the Town swarmed with strangers they' purchased 
at private sale everything they cou'd lay their hands on, and blended 
both sorts together in a way that no person living cou'd discriminate. 
However the matter was cleared up, by Cap 1 Partridge's coming with 
a large manifest to clear his Schooner for Boston, declaring at the 
same time that the articles were those purchased at s d vendue, & tell- 
ing me some gentlemen were determined to protest if I refused to 
clear him. 

I have punctually obeyed the order of the Committee, and it has 
produced the threatened protest. The clamor has been great upon 
the occasion, which I have stood with settled fortitude. 

Inclosed is a copy of the protest, which Partridge left with me, & 
which is now forwarded for the inspection of the committee. I beg 
sir, to be instructed by the Honorable board, how to proceed, as from 
the appearance of some people, I expect more actions than one brot 
against me, and a whole years profit of the office wou'd not carry the 
actions thro the courts. I have the honor to be with the greatest es- 
teem your most obed* Serv* 

Portsmouth 5 th June 1779 E Russell 

To the Honorable the chairman of the Honorable committee of 

safety for the State of New hampshire. 

[May 24, 1779, the Committee of Safety had "ordered the Naval 
officer not to permit any of the articles purchased at a vendue held at 
Portsmouth last week, on Tuesday, Wednesday, or Thursday, to be 
Cleared out in any vessel whatsoever till further orders." On June 7 
said committee passed an order allowing said goods to be " exported 
from this State." ED.] 



[General Folsom to Colonel Morey. Hibbard Collection, N. H. 
Historical Society, Vol. II. p. 94.] 

State of New ) -~ ^ th T 

Hampshire [ Exeter 26'" June 1 779. 

Israel Morey Esq. Col of a Regim' of Militia, Pursuant to a Vote 
of the Council & Assembly, I am directed to order you to make Re- 
turn to me (as soon as may be) of the Number of Men in the Train 
Band and the Number of Men in the Alarm List in your Regiment 
and you are to see that they are properly Equip'd and ready to 
march at a moments warning - 

Nath 1 Folsom Maj r Gen 1 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-6] [Order to Equip the Ship Hampden.~\ 

New a Hamp' } In Committee of Safety Exeter July 3" 1779. 
To the Board of War at Portsmouth. 

Gentlemen You are hereby directed Immediately to take and 
equip the Ship Hampden (belonging to Messrs Langdon and others) 
for the Expedition carrying on by our Sister State against Penobscot 
if it should appear to you that it can possibly be done and the Ship 
well manned and ready to sail in Eight days from this Date then you 
will suffer no delay but if it should appear to you that that is not like 
to be accomplished in that time you will be carefull not to proceed 
on said Business 

By order of the Committee 

[Signature missing.] 

[It appears that on the 8th of July the Committee of Safety ap- 
pointed Titus Salter, captain, and Daniel Lang and Joshua Stackpole, 
lieutenants, of the ship Hampden on said expedition. ED.] 



[R. 6-7] [ William Denning to Nathaniel Peabody.~\ 

New Windsor 6 July 1 779 

D r S r When I exchanged promises with you at New Haven to take 
the earliest opportunity of beginning an Epistolary correspondence 
with you, I do assure you with confidence it was my real design the dis- 
tance however between us with the uncertainty of Conveyance discour- 
aged me, those difficulties being now removed, with great pleasure I 
take up my pen and when sufficient matter is not furnished by, news 
and politicks, Friendship and sentiment shall be substituted Gen 1 
Washingtons Head Quarters now at New Windsor from whence he has 
an easy and safe rout by water to Westpoint, the fortifications on our 
river I am happy to acquaint you that the Gen 1 is indefatigable in 
putting those works in a proper state of defence, his opinion is, that 
the Enemy still intends an attack on the fort, if they put their inten- 
tions into Execution I believe it will prove fatal to them. It is reported 
that a reinforcement is arrived at New York, that many of their 
Troops have gone down the river and that a strong Garrison is left 
at Kings ferry, but that as soon as all their reinforcements arrive an 
attack on the fort will be made this is mostly deserters news, you 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 337 

know what confidence therefore it deserves I am sorry to see by 
the papers such very great altercations in Congress, the publishing 
their debates on the business of the Fisheries will certainly be inju- 
rious to our common cause can it be doubtful my friend whether 
the fisheries are, or are not, the natural and political right of this 
Country, surely no, but have we not in this debate clearly told great 
Britain that we were in doubt about it, will she then Guarantee the 
Fisheries on our own Coast if we think we have no right to them 
I wish to see the minutes of Congress publish'd for the information 
of the people at large except such as in wise policy ought to be kept 
secret, and I am sure this subject ought to be so has any answer 
ever been given to the Court of France on the requisition to know 
on what Terms America would Treat with Britain, does not the neg- 
ative imply a neglect. The French Court my good Friend are very 
Tenacious of the Honour of the nation and anything that has the 
appearance of Contempt or neglect might prove fatal to America 
I am far from wishing to see America servily Attentive to France 
no, a manly and uniform firmness will be our best rule of Conduct 
with this power, but by all means to pay them the Attention due to 
their services for us There is too much wisdom in America to per- 
mit her to consider France as disinterested, we all know how much 
she is interested in the success of our opposition to Britain and while 
it is her interest it will be her policy to assist us but no longer we 
ought therefore carefully to avoid raising her suspicions direct for 
me at Bethlehem near New Windsor, and while Head Quarters is in 
that Neighborhood you may direct to the care of Col Hamilton of 
the Generals family, A. D. C. to his Excellency and your Letters 
would find a safe conveyance to come by the persons who brings the 
Generals Dispatches, also direct to me to the care of Samuel London 
Esq r Fishkill post but in this case you will frank them, my Friend 
M r Fell will acquaint you how he directs to me and his Letters comes 
safe. I remain with great Esteem 

S r your most Hble Sen/ 1 

W m Denning 

[Addressed] Hon ble Nathaniel Peabody Esq r Philadelphia 
[Endorsed] Letter from W m Denning Esq. Rec d July 17 th 



338 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-8] {Certificate concerning John MerrittJ] 

Exeter July 10, 1779 

This may Certify that I have received John Merrett as a Conti- 
nental Soldier during the present War, as a Recruit for the 8 th 
Comp'y of the I st Militia Reg* of this State 

Caleb Robinson Cap' in 2 d N. H. Batt n 



[R. 6-9] \Copy of Letter. Peabody to WeareJ] 

N 3 Philadelphia 2O th July 1 779 

Sir In my last which was wrote in great haste, I had the Hon r 
of inclosing you several Newspapers & hand bills, since which foreign 
Letters have been Rec d as late as y e 6 th of april '79 informing 
that Britain, finding herself baffled in her Diabolical efforts to subju- 
gate y e people of these states to the despotic dominion of a Dupe to 
an ignominious Tyrant whose Tender mercies are Cruelty destitute 
of that Humanity which never finds a sure habitation but in a gen- 
erous breast & contrary to y e laws & customs of Civilized nations 
had Given Express orders to their Commanding officers in America 
to plunder, burn, Kill & Destroy all the defenceless Towns in their 
Power and in particular directed the late infernal excursion to 
New Haven a particular account of which enterprize you will 
doubtless have before this reaches you never the less I herewith 
inclose the last acc ts we have of all the late maneuvers of both armies 
heartily congratulate my fellow Citizens on the favourable prospect 
at the Southward and the Lucky affair of Taking by surprize Col 
Johnson with about 500 men & a very strong & important fortress at 
Stony point at y e North River which circumstance will give new 
life and vigour to our Troops and furnish a historic Page in y e 
annals of America. 

Your Delegates here have sent on to the State a number of y e 
Journals of Congress, except for y e year 1778, which are not yet 
come from y e printers, and y e earliest opportunity will be improved in 
forwarding them when Compleated 

I am with due Respect Hon r Sir 

your most obedient and very Hum 1 Serv* 

Copy N. P. 

P. S. Sir I must beg you 1 please to inform me whether you have 
Rec d my Letter dated June y e 3 d inclosing an agreement of very 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



339 



Great importance to me & my friends I left the letters in the Care 
of ^my friend M r Blanchard who knew nothing of what it Contained 
if|Rec d please to inform when & by whom I now inclose you a 
Letter from D r Hodges to M r Jesse Johnson beg you will seal it 
& forward the same as early as possible to M r Johnson I under- 
stand affairs appear promising 
Col Weare 

[Endorsed] Copies of letters to W. & B. July 2O th [W. & B. were 
Meshech Weare and Josiah Bartlett.] 



Muster Roll of the Men raised in the 5 th Regiment of Militia in 
tJie State of New Hampshire, for the defence of Rhode Island 
1779. 

[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 



No. 


NAMES. 


Towns they engag'd for. 


Time of engagemt 1779 


I 


Israel Burnham 


Wilton 


July 12 


2 


Daniel Holt 


do 


13 


3 


Moses Averil 


Amherst 


13 


4 


Levi Woodbury 


do 


13 


5 


Alpheus Crosby 


do 


13 


6 


Roger Merrill 


Nottingh m West 


15 


7 


Isaac Foot 


do 


15 


8 


Nathan Cross 


Litchfield 


15 


9 


Daniel Bayley 


Holies 


16 


10 


Daniel Kendrick 


do 


16 


ii 


Samuel Emerson 


do 


16 


12 


John Hobart, J n 


do 


16 


*3 


John Carlton 


Amherst 


26 


14 


Abel Hodgman 


Mason 


2 5 


15 


Asa Hutchinson 


Merrimac 


26 


16 


Abel Davis 


do 


26 


17 


John Odel 


Amherst 


26 


18 


Eleazer Fisk Jim r 


Dunstable 


27 


*9 


Edmund Farnsworth 


Mason 


27 



Engaged to serve six months 

Amherst July 27, 1779. Pursuant to Orders I have muster'd the 
above Soldiers and they were able bodied & effective. 

Attest Moses Nichols M Master 



34O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

State of New Hampshire to Moses Nichols D r 
TuP I ^ Mustering tne above 19 Soldiers @ 4/ . . . ,3. 16. o 
Reed an order on the Treasury for the above Sum. 

Moses Nichols 



[R. 6-1 1] 

\Deposition Relative to the Capture of the Sloop Hannah, 1779.] 

I Daniel Evans of Lawfull age Testify & declare, that I was ap- 
pointed Master of the Sloop Hannah, & sail'd from Portsm New 
Hamp r the first Day of June last, on a Voyage to M ico was tak n the 
II th day of said June, in Lat. 33 & 27 No L 58 W by the Brig Haz- 
zard from Glascow Geo Karr Cap* in Comp y w th the Brig Adventure 
Geo Hewett Master, from Liverpool some days after I was taken, 
s d Cap 1 Karr told me that he Boarded a Spanish Vessel a few days 
before he took me, the Cap 1 of which informed him, that he was 
Boarded by a Brig under American Colours, who Rob'd him of his 
Watch, & a quantity of Dollars some little time after Cap 1 Karr & 
I was invited on Board Cap 1 Hewett to Dine & we accord^ Dined 
with him, at which time Cap 1 Karr introduced the conversation re- 
spect 8 the Spanish Vessel being Robed by a Vessell under American 
Colours, & charged Cap 1 Hewitt with the Robery. Cap 1 Hewett 
owned that he under American Colours Boarded a Spanish Vessel, 
& said, that if the vessel was Robed it was done by his Lieu 1 be- 
ing the officer that he sent on Board Cap 1 Hewett shew d some 
Dollars which he said he had of the Spanniard, for a tierce of Beefe 
he sold him further saith not 

Copy Daniel Evans 



I John Shackford of Lawfull age declare, that I was appointed Mate 
of the Sloop Hannah & saild with Cap 1 Evans & was taken with him 
& heard all the Conversation as above related by Cap 1 Dan 1 Evans, 
excepting when he went on Board of Cap 1 Hewett to Dine, I was 
not with them 

Copy John Shackford 

Exeter July 31 1779 

Sworn to before M. Weare 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 34! 

[R 6-1 1] [Recruits for Continental Army '.] 

Exeter Sep 4 7, 1779 

Gen* Peter Thomas & William Johnson are Recruits for the Con- 
tinental Army for the State of New Hampshire 

Caleb Robinson Cap 1 
To the Board of War for N. Hampshire 



Letter & acco 1 of Colours for Col Cilleys Reg*- 1 779 [N. H. His- 
torical Society, Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. I. p. 115.] 

Boston 5 th August 1779 

Sir I send you inclosed the Ape 4 for painting and making the 
Colours, which amount to 90. -- you will oblige me by forwarding 
it to me as soon as possible 

I am, Sir your hum ble Ser 4 

Daniel Denison Rogers 
Thomas Odiorne Esq r Exeter 

[Endorsed] Colors for Col Cilleys Regiment 1779 p d for by the 
State 



[R. 6-12] \Meshech Weare to Nathaniel Peabody.\ 

Hampton falls Aug* io th 1779 

My Dear Sir Your favor of the 2O th Ult I Received by the last 
Post, have also received yours inclosing the Newspapers and hand 
bills, for which I am much Obliged to you. I hope you will excuse my 
not writing to you sooner, or so frequently as I could wish I can 
assure you, it is not for want of inclination, but the weakness of my 
nerves makes it difficult for me to write at any time, and at some 
times impracticable, but pray dont let this hinder you from writeing 
to me by every oppertunity, the receiving a letter from you seems 
next to conversing, which was ever very agreeable. We have noth- 
ing very material going forward this way but the Expedition against 
the Brittish forces who have landed and fortified themselves at Penob- 
scott, we had last week accounts from thence, that our people had 
landed, Driven the iriemy from their Redoubts, taken a number of 
cannon & Baggage, and shut them up in the fort, where they were 



342 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

besieged, and it was tho't must soon Surrender, but since that, the 
Commanding officer of Our forces, has sent for a reinforcement of 
men, which seems to show that the Enemy are better fortified, and 
like to hold out longer than was expected : This is a matter of great 
consiquence to this part of the countrey, and we are anxious for the 
event. Vermont Affairs Remain much in the same Situation as when 
you went away, hope to hear soon what was done by the Com tee of 
Congress, and what report they make 

I Received your letter of the 3 d of June with the enclosed 
Agreement, some time after you went away, I am uncertain how 
long, I think it was by m r Davis one of the Representatives 
that I Received it. M r Johnson has Signed the Agreement, 
and it is now safe in my hand. I am glad to hear that Doc r 
Hedges is likely to Succeed, I am in hopes that Affair will turn 
to good advantage, the letter you indorsed for M r Johnson, I carried 
to him my Self lest it should Miscarry, and believe he will assist what 
he can. I have heard nothing from M r Devenport since you went 
away. I saw Cap 1 Atkinson some time past, he is desirous of laying 
out some Lotts in one of the Towns (I am uncertain whether Coven* 
try or Lincon) he wants to be building Mills, and making improve- 
ments. I have no Directions respecting that matter. I tho't it best to 
hear something further from M r Devenport before anything of that 
kind was done If anything perticular relative to these Affairs comes 
to my knowledge shall give you as perticular information as I can I 
cannot add further at this time, but with my best wishes for your 
wellfare I am with much Respect 

y r Ob 1 Hum le Ser* 

Col Peabody M. Weare 

[Addressed] Col Nathaniel Peabody Esq r 

at Congress Philadelphia 
[Endorsed] Rec d Aug' 23 d 1779 



[R. 6-13] [Congressman Peabody to President Weare. ~\ 

N 4 Philadelphia Aug 4 io th 1779 

Sir This moment I am informed, from good authority, that his 

Catholic Majesty has declared he will no longer be an idle spectator 

in y e present Contest that he has actually Joined in alliance with 

France and these United States That a French fleet from Brest 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 343 

Consisting of 32 Ships of the Line, and a Spanish fleet of 22 Ships of 
the Line are forming a Junction, which with y e addition of 25,000 
Land forces, said to be Destined against Ireland, official accounts, it 
is said are in this City Certifying the truth of ye above. It is reported, 
6000 British Troops are coming to America Mons r Gerrard being 
from home prevents y e Communication &c It is reported here that 
G. Collier with 7 arm'd Vessels Several Transports and two thousand 
Land forces put to sea y e 29 th ult supposed to be destined for Penobscott 
The success of Count de Estang in y e West Indias, the advantage 
he has gained over y e British fleet cannot fail to give new life to 
our friends, and make our enemies stand agast beg you 1 please to 
give me y e earliest intelligence of the Eastward Expedition & such 
other matters as may come to your knowledge Excuse brevity and 
incorrectness as I write this in Congress and am obliged to attend y e 
debate in order to give my vote 

I am Sir &c Yours 

N. P. [Nathaniel Peabody] 

P. S. As I conclude am enabled to subjoin an extract of a letter to 
Congress from M r Bingham 

S 4 Pierie Martinique July 22, 1779 

informing that the Gov r of y* place had communicated to him a 
letter from y e minister announcing to him the speedy declaration of 
Spain & desiring him to take measures accordingly informing him 
that y e Count De Onvellers had sailed with 32 Ships of y e line towards 
Corunna, where he was to be joined with 20 Spanish Ships Britain 
has absolutely refused the mediation of Spain 25,000 french Troops 
are now lying on the Coast of France ready to embark on an Expedi- 
tion against Ireland Six thousand additional troops have taken 
their departure for America against which G. Britain intends to make 
her last & I hope unsuccessful efforts this year this news may "be 
depended upon " 

[The foregoing is from retained copy. ED.] 



\_ColonelHazento Colonel Bedel. Hibbard Collection, Vol. II. p. 136.] 

Camp Haverhill ii th Aug 1 1779 

Dear Sir The Regiment has Now Two Days Bread Due, & the 
Companies Detached to Repair the Roads, and those at gardiners 



344 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Post were out of bread last evening not an ounce of bread or 
flower in Camp I beg you will assist in Collecting what flower 
you Can M r Childs said he would endeavour to get you to go to 
Bath in order to secure some if Possible at that place we must 
have some flower provided aforehand I hope you have before this 
some of Col. Johnsons wheat ground and in that Case send it on by 
the bearer Compliments to M rs Bedle 

Yours 
Col. Bedle at his home in Haverhill Moses Hazen 



[R. 6-14] [William Denning to Nathaniel Peabody.~\ 

New Windsor 12 August 1779 

D r S r I wish I could in this Letter acknowledge the receipt of one 
from you, but so far from it I set down to acquaint you that I am not 
favored with a Letter from you perhaps (as is Generally the case 
with all new hands) you find business crowd hard upon you, from a 
conciousness that it must be done. I wish not my friend to break in 
on your Hours of business, but those of your Leisure, from a former 
promise, I flatter myself I have some claim to, so then says you if its 
claimed as a matter of right I will enquire into it, this enquiry from 
principles of Justice and Liberty will I hope produce me a Letter 
I am informed that our Little fleet &c has succeeded at Ponopscot 
and Taken the party, the Ships it is said the Enemy sunk on the ap- 
proach of our people. I wish this may be true, from every intelligence 
from the Enemy they are apprehensive no reinforcements will arrive 
I am firmly of opinion if any does arrive it will be very trifling in 
which case I think this Campaign will be a most Glorious one for 
America, provided we have wisdom and integrity sufficient to make 
the best of it do write me immediately and be particular as to 
news, in my remote Situation everything in the news way will be 
Amusing yours Sincerely 

W m Denning 
[Addressed] The Hon ble Nathaniel Peabody Esq r Philadelphia 



[Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 2.] 

Camp Davises Lake 2O th Aug* 1779 

Dear Sir Inclosed you have a letter for M r Childs which seal and 
send to him as soon as Possible. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 345 

I should be glad of his answer by the first opportunity Gen 1 : Bay- 
ley will forward or perhaps bring it up himself. I shall be glad to 
hear from you by every opport'y and be favored with your advice and 
opinion M r Johnston brought me up the Information from below 
I hope in a few days to hear from Canada 

Yours in haste 

Col : Bedle Moses Hazen 

[Superscribed] To Col : Bedle to be forwarded by Cap t Duncan 
Haverhill 



[Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Hibbard Collection, Vol. II. p. 136.] 

Camp at the end of the Road 50 miles 

24* Aug' 1779 

Dear Sir We are Determined to put an end to our work here by 
Next Saturday night and therefore have ordered out all the provisions 
that will be wanted up to that time viz 26oo lb of FloWer and about 
3OOO wt of fresh Beef, no more ox Teams or Stinking Beef we shall 
not find much difficulty in gitting up to the notch of the mountain, 
we began to work yesterday only, and this afternoon I moved my 
Camp Commissary, and Hospital Stores three miles on I have De- 
tached Major Ried 2 Captains 2 Subalterns and Eighty five men In- 
cluding those at the Block house as an Escort for Provisions who 
come on and Return with the Pack horses and I shall pay very 
Particular attention to secure the woods on my left from our van to 
Onion River so that I hope I may not be surprised If I shall 
find that a Party is coming to attack me I shall Indeavour to Draw 
them further into the woods by filing off to the Right towards the 
uper Coos and gain a little time for your militia to assemble and get 
in their Rear when I think we can manage any Party they can send 
every Necessary Piece of Intelligence I shall Communicate If M rs 
Bedles health will admit of your Leaving home should be glad to see 
you here and in that case you must come out with Dixon as there 
will not be any guards left behind him we shall eat up the flower 
he brings and then Return I shall be much obliged to you if you 
will Ride up to Camp on Receipt of this and see that Duncan has it 
in his Power to send on the Provisions ordered what I have said 
here will be best to keep to yourself 

Your Hum 1 Serv' 

Colo Bedle Moses Hazen 




34-6 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-15] {Copy. Peabody to Weare.~\ 

N 5 Philad a 24 th of Aug* 1779 

Hon d and Dear Sir I had the honor of receiv'g your kind favour 
of y 16 io th instant p r Post. Am Extreamly oblig'd to you for the intel- 
ligence therein Contain'd ; The Trouble you was pleased to take in 
Conveying the Letter, I inclosed you, to M r Johnson, adds to the 
Long Catalogue of your favours I have so hapily experienced and has 
laid me under Greater Obligations than I am able to discharge Can 
only say I most ardently wish for oppertunity & ability, equal to my 
sentiments, of Gratitude, for serv'g your best interest. 

We have nothing new here but what you will have in the papers 
herewith enclosed 

Some important matters still remain'g undetermin'd Prevents my 
writing advantgeously upon y e Subjects 

Shall as prudence may Direct Communicate every important matter 
that may Come to my Knowledge I am apprehensive many & Great 
advantages would be derived from a frequent Correspondence between 
y e authority of the respective States and their delegates in Congress 
& which by their practice appears to be the Sentiments of almost 
every State in the Union except New Hamp r frequent information 
of the Circumstances & Transaction of our Constituents, even in 
matters which at first view might be tho't of little importance, would 
Serve many Valuable purposes, as the Sentiments of the citizens of 
any State may in some measure be Drawn from their public proceed- 
ings, and of course will prove useful Lessons of instruction to their 
Delegates hapily influential upon their Conduct Especially in such 
matters as more Imediately affect the interest of such State 

The foregoing Consideration would alone be sufficient to Convince 
me of the absolute necessity of an Authority being Vested in 
some person or persons who may officially Transact the afore men- 
tioned & many other essential matters for keeping in regular motion 
the various wheels in y e Great Political Machine 

I hope you will Embrace every oppertunity to write me not only in 
regard to those things which Concern y e State but also some other 
matters that may come to your Knowledge 

you 1 please excuse my writing in this rude & incorrect manner and 
believe me Sir when I assure you I am &c 

[Nathaniel Peabody] 

Sent Papers viz Aug* 1 6 th - 1 8 th iQ th 21' & 24 th 

of each viz I 2 2 2 2 

M. Weare &c 
[Endorsed] Copy to M. Weare Aug 1 24 th 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 347 

{Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 3.] 

Camp Hazens Rout 3i st Aug. 1779. 

D r Sir I have your letter of the 28 th Current am sorry for M rs 
Bedle and your situation am obliged to you for the hint in the 
Rout you proposed for me altho my own Judgement would have dic- 
tated what you Pointed out I have ordered 1 5 hundred weight of 
flower and about 1 5 hundred weight of fresh Beef to be sent from 
Haverhill on Sunday morning next one Load of good Salt Beef I 
wish might be sent off on friday or Saturday Next to come as far as 
Gardeners post only We find a Pretty Ragged Country but shall 
not pass over it, without making a good Road I have Desired Cap 4 
Duncan in cases of Difficulties to apply to you which I hope he will 
not have occasion of 

I am D r Sir yours sincerely 

Col : Bedle M : Hazen 

Boileau and Mooers is arrived their information Coroberates the 
former La Grands party is yet out M : H 



\_Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 3.] 

Haverhill 8 th Sep*: 1779 

Dear Sir I most sincerely Condole with you on the loss of one 
of the best of wives or Consorts The Reg 1 will be in Camp To- 
morrow morning at 9 oClock not an ounce of flower is for them 
here. I shall send Doroughty with the waggon to the mill this even- 
ing for flower pray endeavour to Collect flower for a Day or Two 
a few Potatoes we should be glad of if they are to be had in your 
Neighbourhood Yours 

Moses Hazen 

P. S. Should be glad to see you this afternoon or Tomorrow 
morning 
Col : Bedle 



\Bayley to Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 105.] 

The Indians want Provitions, they cant get it at the Court house 
as Col Hazen want me to do some business to be sent of tomorrow 
I cannot come Down I wish to Inform them where to get it. Some 



34-8 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

business Col Hazen wants done in which you must asist or it will 
fail I wish to see you as quick as Possible 

I am S r your Hum 1 Serv 1 

Newby 29 th Sep tr 1 779 Jacob Bayley 

Colo Bedle 



\Autograph Letter from General Washington to Colonel Bedel. 
Bedel Papers, p. 106.] 

Head Quarters Morristown n Decem r 1779. 

Sir A Complaint having been lodged ag 1 the Quarter Master 
and Commissaries of Purchases and Issues at Coos for mal conduct 
in their respective offices a Court of enquiry will be held upon 
them at this place on the 2O th January next I am informed that 
your presence will be necessary in the investigation of the several 
charges, and you will therefore be pleased to attend at the time 
above mentioned I am S r y r most ob 1 Serv 1 

Col Bedel G Washington 

[Superscribed] On Public Service To Colonel Bedel at Coos ^ 
fav r Major Whitcomb G Washington. 



[R. 6-17] \_Letter from Commissary Leigh.} 

Newburgh Oct 14 th 1779 

Dear Sir The Clothier General has signified to me his Intentions 
of Supplying me with our States proportion of Cloathing at this 
post which will prevent my being in Philadelphia this Fall agreeable 
to my Expectations when I left you General Wilkinson informed 
me that Congress had made an Establishment of Pay & Subsistance 
for the State Clothiers. I should esteem it as a particular favour if 
you would procure the Resolution of Congress on this head and be 
pleased to send them under cover to me to be left at the post office 
Fish Kills 

General Sullivans Division I hear is soon expected to Join the 
Main Army I could wish I had it in my power to furnish our Hamp- 
shire Forces with all the necessaries I know they must of course 
stand in need of, however I will do by them as well as ever I can 
you undoubtedly have heard of the Death of Cap 1 Benjamin Kimball, 
poor man he unfortunately lost his life by the accidental discharge of 
a Soldiers Musquet I conceived him to have been a valuable mem- 
ber of society and the publick in my opinion has lost a faithful Ser- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



349 



vant When any thing Interesting takes place to be communicated 
and you can find a leisure moment : you would lay me under the 
greatest of obligations you would improve it and let me know what 
turn matters are likely to take amongst the Great [?] in Europe 
you 1 permit me to salute you and am with perfect esteem Dear Sir 

your most obed t humb 1 Serv* 

Joseph Leigh 
To Nathaniel Peabody Esq Member of Congress Philadelphia 



[Original in Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C] 

State of New \ In consequence of orders Received I have raised 
Hampshire J & mustered to serve in the Continant 1 Army for the 
Teirme of one year viz 



Time of Muster 


NAMES 


Place of abode 


age 


who mustered for 


July ye 15 th 


Daniel Sweat 


Eping 


17 


East Kingston 


Do ye i; th 


Abra m Chase 


plastow 


34 


for plastow 


ye 2 I st 


Jacob Hardy 


Salam 


27 


for Ditto 


Do 


David Hammond 


Ditto 


20 


Do 


Do 


Will Morland 


DO- 


J 9 


Do 


Do 


James Nixon 


DO 


22 


Do 


Do 


Frend Noyes 


Do 


17 


Do 


Do 


Jonath n Stevins 


DO- 


18 


Do 


Do 


Nath 1 Kelly 


DO 


16 


Do 


ye 2i st 


Samuel Daves 


Hampstead 


J 9 


for Hampstead 


Do 


William Heath 


Do 


22 


Do 


Do 


Jabez Boin 


Do 


16 


Do 


ye 23 d 


Ezekiel Stone 


of Heneker 


28 


for Newton 


ye 26 th 


Simeon Clemments 


of Salam 


1 9 


for At|dnson 


ye 28 th 


Nath el Bachellor 


Deirfeld 


22 


for Kingston 


Do 


John Reandal 


Lee 


18 


Do 


August ye 23 d 


Davied pesle 


Sandown 


28 


for Do 


Do 


Daniel Callaghan 


Londondery 


30 


for Atkinson 


Do 


John Moloy 


Do- 


2 9 


Do 


Do 


James Keeff 


Do 


27 


Do. 


ye 28 th 


Thomas Mitchal 


Do 


27 


for Hampstead 


Septe m ye 4 th 


Willi m Johnson 


of Boston 


22 


Do 


ye 14 th 


otho Stevens 


Sandown 


17 


for Sandown 



Colburn parker mustered May ye 4 th 1 779 During the War of & 
for plastow Jacob Gale, Lieut Col nl 

To Major General Folsom 
East Kingston October ye 28 th 1779 



3 SO REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-19] [Major William Scott's Appointment.'} 

Head Quarters Moore's - house Friday Nov r 5 1779 
Major Scott of the New Hampshire line is appointed Brigade 
Major to General Poor's Brigade and is to be obeyed and respected 
accordingly 

Extract from Gen 1 Order Edw d Hand [?] A. G 1 



[R. 6-19] [_ Joshua Wentwortk to ] 

Portsm Nov. 24, 1779 

Dear Sir I have not met an opp'ty to send M r Leavitts money 
before this pr Major Gains since I came from Exeter I hope it 
has not been of any damage to him I shall be oblig'd you would 
count it out to him, at his receiving it, a list is inclosed in the 
Bundle 

Pray how comes on the Treasury I fear we must take out a Com- 
mission of Bankruptcy soon We have no news here but what the 
worthy man who bears this will communicate 

remaining very sincerely D r Sir 

y r friend & h. Serv* 

Josh. Wentworth 



[Colonel Has en to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 5.] 

Camp Peekskill 14 th Novem r : 1779 

D r : Sir I have your letter of the 15 th Oct : last observe the Con- 
tents, Major Childs Took up your Note from Cap 1 Carlisle you 
will of Course Charge me with the money Paid L* : Montgomery, Gill 
and the Indians at your Quarter, will I believe be Taken care off. I 
have Done every thing in my Power for them as also to promote 
an Expedition to the Northward Col : Wadsworth says Childs shall 
be furnished with money, as amply as is in his Power Congress have 
Called on the Different States to give in their pretentions to the 
Grants or State of Vermont, by the I st of Feb y next, and it is Gin- 
erally thought the grants will be Divided & It is also ginerally 
thought that the merch* or Convention agreement to support the 
credit of the Currency will fall through, and of Course the money 
Take an other Tumble all for the best, as Congress have requested 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 35! 

15 millions of Dollars pr Month from the United States to be paid 
in by Taxes, which I think will at least bring the money to a Stand 
Not a word of news from the Southward which is odd we have 
been Laying on our arms as it were, waiting for the arrival of Count 
De Estaing to show us the way into New York : It is now too late 
and I wish he may as I expect he will settle the business to the 
Southward 

If the Count should take Provost army and then put the united 
States in Possession of the floridys ; It will be enough for him this 
year a small magazine of forage is ordered to be laid in at Coos 
Remember what I urged when with you, viz that you represent 
your Exposed Situation in Consequence of the New Communication 
to Canada ; to the State of New Hampshire and the Massachusetts 
I think it ought to be Done by Petition seting forth the value of your 
Country and your willingness and ability to assist in an expedition 
to Canada the Reduction of which alone can secure your Territorys. 
In this and every measure of that kind you have not a moments 
Time to Loose 

I have wrote more fully to Gen 1 : Bayley he will show you my letter 
I am D r : Sir yours very Sincerely - 

Moses Hazen 

P. S. I hope before this Nancy Hazen is sent to school. If not pray 
let it be done as soon as Possible 

In my last letter I mentioned my having Bo 1 : the Two home lotts 
Belonging to the Estate of Cap 1 : John Hazen and Desired you to Take 
some measures to have it Inclosed M. H. 

Colonel Bedle Coos 



[Rr6-2i] {Nathaniel Peabody to Meshech Weare.] 

N 10 Philad a 27 th Nov 1779 

Sir. I have the Hon r to acknowledge the Rec 1 of your favours of 
the 6 h instant which with y e inclosed Copy of my reappointment &c 
Came to hand y e 22 d Just as M r Langdon was Seting off for home - 
And give me leave once more to Assure you That I entertain a due 
Sense of the repeated Hon r done me by the free Suffrages of my fel- 
low Citizens And although my private interest is daily injured by 
my absence from home and Vehemently urges my immediate attention 
yet as it is of the utmost importance that the State should be repre- 
sented at this Critical Conjuncture and as I enjoy a Tolerable 



352 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

State of Health Shall Esteem it an indispensible duty to endeavour 
with fidelity to discharge the Trust reposed in me by this appoint- 
ment Till the State shall be otherwise represented in Congress 
unless sooner recall'd &c during which I shall assiduously aim That 
the State may not have occasion to regret this Appointment 

It would be a very happy Circumstance in my favour if I Could Set 
off from hence So as to arrive home before winter Sets in, as it will be 
very disagreeable Taking so long a Journey at that Season of the year, 
however Shall not leave the State unrepresented in Congress, till I 
shall have given them at least one months previous notice, unless ne- 
cessitated by some unforeseen occurrence. 

I have the Hon r to be Sirs with y e highest Consideration of Esteem 
your Hon rs most obliged obedient & ever Humble Serv* 

To President Weare N P 



[R. 6-22] [ Woodbury Langdon to Nathaniel Peabody.~\ 

Boston, Nov r y e 3O th 1779 

Dear S r I arrived here in Seven days after I left you, as I have 
been extreamly engaged since I have been in Town & am just seting 
out for home have only time to beg that you will be so obliging as to 
take care of all such Letters. as may be directed to me at Philadelphia 
and inclose them back to me at Portsmouth by the first Post and please 
to take care that no one opens any of them and if any are directed 
from our State or others to you & myself joyntly please to send me a 
Copy of all such Letters by the first Post. I find that several Letters 
are gone on to Philadelphia directed to me pray dont neglect to inclose 
them back to me at Portsmouth by first Post as I wish to receive them 
as soon as may be, if a new Continental Agent should be appointed in 
the State of the Massachusetts Bay which I suppose will be the Case 
you will not forget Martin Brimmer Esq who is undoubtedly as 
good a man for that Place as any on the Continent, please to mention 
this to our good Friend M r Gerry to whom please to present my best 
Regards also to Miss Dally and all the Gentlemen at your House &c 
&c please to inform the President that the Letters which he com- 
mitted to my care are duly deliver'd 

I am most respectfully Y r Friend & Hbl e Serv* 

Wy Langdon 
The Honb le Nath el Peabody Esq 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 353 

[R. 624] {Relative to the Loss of the Ship Hampden.^\ 

To the Hon'ble General Assembly of the State of New Hampshire 

now setting at Exeter 

The Memorial of Adam Babcock of Boston in the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay Mariner humbly sheweth That your honors Me- 
mor 4 was very largely Interest 'd in the Ship Hambden lately lost in 
the service of the s d State of New Hampshire, for which he has as yet 
rec d but a small consideration & by the very low appraisment of the s d 
Ship at the time she was taken into the public service, the owners of 
the s d Ship are very great sufferers and by the depreciation of the 
Currency since -will not by the s d appraisement receive (if now paid) 
one third part of the value of the s d Ship the materials of which alone 
would now sell for more than one hundred thousand pounds in any 
part of the United States Your honors Memorialist therefore humbly 
prays that you would order the same appraisers of the s d Ship Hamp- 
den to appraise her at the present value of the money When 
payment is made which in all Equity & Justice your Memorialist 
conceives himself entitled to as he is bound both by duty and 
inclination as a Citizen of the United States (whose Independence 
& happiness may God preserve to the latest Posterity) to bear his full 
share of the Public Expences in the loss & failure of the unfortunate 
Expedition in which the s d Ship was Captured 

He prays your Honors that he may not by taking the nominal Sum 
be thus unjustly overburthened & materially injured in his Estate 

Your honors Memorialist further humbly prays, that as he has uni- 
formly manifested the strongest attachment to the cause of his 
Country & in the present War with Great Britain has made every ex- 
ertion within the Compass of his ability to distress the Enemy in 
many of which he has been unfortunate to the great prejudice of his 
Fortune He humbly requests that he may be allowed by your 
Honors to export two Cargoes of Masts & Spars to the Subjects of 
the Kingdom of France or Spain in vessels well arm'd & Man'd to 
defend themselves against the Privateers of the Enemy Your Me- 
morialist will give sufficient Bonds to land the same within the Do- 
minions of the Allies of the United States the dangers of the Seas & 
Enemies excepted and your Memorialist as in Duty bound will ever 
pray Adam Babcock 

Boston 1 5th Decem r 1779 

[On the 1 7th of September next prior to the date of the foregoing, 
the Committee of Safety had directed the receiver-general of this 



354 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

State to pay Mr. Babcock ,19,500 for one half of the ship, as ap- 
praised by George Wentworth. ED.] 



[R. 6-26] [Relative to Samuel Mitchell.} 

This may Certify that Sergeant Samuel Mitchell of the i6 th Massa- 
chusetts Regiment is Returned to the Board of War in Philadelphia as 
one of the Quota for the State of New hampshire he being an Inhabi- 
tant of s d State H Jackson Col 

whom it may ) i6 th Massachusetts Reg* 

concern ) 



[R. 626] \_Jonah Moult on and Josiah George} 

To Cap* Gideons M r M r Gen 1 in New Hampshire. 

Sir / This may certify that Jonah Moulton & Josiah George both 
of the Late Cap 1 Weares Company 3 d New Hampshire Battalion have 
enlisted for 3 years into the said Company & Battalion & you are 
desir'd to muster & pay them the State Bounty 

y r Most Obed* 

Alexd r Scammell Col 



[R. 6-27] \_Meshech Weare to General Poor.~\ 

State of New Hampshire Exeter Jan 1 "? I st 1780. 
Sir Inclosed I send you Copies of two votes of the legislature of 
this State for settling the depreciation of the Currency with the 
Officers & Soldiers of the New Hampshire Batallions. The doing 
which this State are desirous to have accomplished as Soon as possi- 
ble: the Bearer Major Wiggin will Deliver you Twenty Thousand 
pounds to be used in paying Bounties to Soldiers Enlisting to Serve 
for the War. 

It is needless for me to Urge your most Strenuous Efforts in 
Promoting the Reinlistment of the army 

I am Sir Your Very Hum 1 Servt 

M Weare Pres d 
A Copy 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 355 

[ General Bay Icy to Lieutenant Ladd. Hibbard Coll., Vol. IV. p. 98.] 

S r I should be glad if you will undertake to see the Indians sup- 
plied untill I come back or other orders from his Excelency the Com- 
mander in Chief Provitions is the only article wanted and would be 
glad you would Transport thier Provitions from the lower Store as 
far as the uper Store or my House if they desire it 

you will oblige your Humble Servant 

Newbury 3 rd Jan y 1 780 Jacob Bayley 

Lieu* James Ladd 



\Colonel Hazen to General Washington. Relative to the Charges 
against Mr. Tickenor. Hibbard Coll., Vol. IV. p. 146.] 

Sir As M r Tichenor has very injudiciously prevented Gen 1 
Bayley Col. Bedle & M r Jonathan Child from attending a hearing on 
this matter at this time & place, agreeable to your Excellencys 
orders for that purpose & as M r Tichenor has accused Gen. Bailey 
with some part of the Charges of which he himself herein stands 
impeached, & as he pleads innocent & says he is ready to justify 
himself in his publick employment in every case wherein he stands 
accused, either by me or others & as he says ardently urging for an 
opportunity to justify himself before a Court martial which he like- 
wise says he cannot do unless the Court may be held in the district 
where these charges arose, & as I wish M r Tichenor may have a fair 
trial & be indulged in every reasonable request, I beg to propose 
that M r Tichenor may point out the time & place, when, & where, it 
will be most convenient for him to attend a Court Martial that such 
a Court may be ordered, and that the same Court may be authorized 
to examine into the conduct of Gen 1 Bailey, Col. Bedel M r Jonathan 
Child, Matthew Lyne, or any other officer upon such charges as may 
be exhibited against them, & proper notice given, and that in case 
at such inquiries there should be ground to put the person or persons 
on their defence before a General Court Martial, then & in that 
case the same Court which may be ordered to try M r Tichenor, may 
at the same time & place try any & all other offenders also : all 
which is submitted to your Excellencys will & pleasure 

Morristown Feb y 8th 1780 Moses Hazen 

his Excellency Gen 1 Washington 

(Copy) 



356 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

\Colonel Hazeris Charges against Isaac Tichenor. Hibbard Coll., 

Vol. IV. p. 147.] 

Morristown Feb? the 8th 1780 

M r Isaac Tichenor, a deputy purchasing commissary, stands im- 
peached and accused of the following neglects of duty crimes or 
misdemeanors. 

First, for not complying with the orders received from proper 
authority for forming a Magazine of provisions on the upper part^of 
Connecticut River in the latter part of the Year 1778 & in the be- 
ginning of 1779 

Secondly, making frequent & repeated misrepresentations of the 
ability of that part of the country which was assigned to him as his 
purchasing district, as an excuse for such neglect or disobedience of 
orders. 

Thirdly, the delivering, or causing to be delivered over to the 
issuing commissary at charlestown & coos, a quantity of salted Beef, 
in a state improper to be received by him, & in a condition in which 
it could not be saved and afterwards neglecting to provide (tho fre- 
quently requested) the necessary articles & means to save that 
specie of provisions, by which the publick have sustained a Loss 

Fourthly y a misapplication of the publick money in not procuring 
a proportion of the several & different species of provisions necessary 
to form a magazine of provisions, and in particular neglecting to 
secure the article of Flour the most essential 

Fifthly, the want of a proper exertion in procuring the allowance 
of provisions & Rum for the Troops who were serving under Col. 
Hazen's command : as that detachment were the whole course of the 
summer on short allowance and frequently without Bread or flour 

Sixthly, not supplying his assistant M r Child with money to com- 
ply with the orders he had received & adequate to the wants to fulfil 
the bargains & contracts made for the publick by M r Child, by which 
the good people of that district have been greatly deceived & injured, 
to the prejudice of the publick service 

Seventhly, preventing his assistant M r Child from purchasing Rum 
for the Troops at & about coos, which was offered at a reasonable 
rate, and at, or about the same time, selling a quantity of Rum 
(which had been bought for publick use) at an advanced price the 
profits of which it is presumed were then intended for his own pri- 
vate emolument 

Eighthly, For changing the district of M r Jonathan Child his 
assistant, to the prejudice of the publick service, and neglecting the 
Publick provisions bought up this season, & now in Charlestown in 
danger of being lost, all which tend to discover a want of inclination 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 2>S7 

to serve the publick, judgement or capacity to fill the office of a pur- 
chasing commissary : all which M r Tichenor stands accused by 
Copy Moses Hazen Col. 



[R. 6-31] \Copy of a Pass given some Indians. ~\ 

Permit Cap 1 John Vincent one of our friends and three other 
Indians to Pass to Boston they Behaving as becometh and I desire 
the Good People on the Road would furnish them with Provitions 
Necessary on the Road for which I will be accountable if they are 
Charged for any Jacob Bayley 

Newbury, 3 d march 1780 oversear of Indian at Coos 

The above is a True Copy of General Bayleys Pass to four indians 



[R. 6-33] [Ebenezer Green s Letter concerning Arnold.~] 

Mendam March the 5 th 1780 

Sir/ I arrived Yesterday at this place and have Since had Some 
Conversation with Col Hazen on Canada affairs he says that the 
goods Taken by Gen 1 Arnold at Montreal by force of Arms to the 
Amount of Near Fifteen Thousand pounds Sterling has not been 
paid for, that Large Sums of Money is Also Due to the Inhabitants 
at and About Quebec for Provisions &c Supplied by Gen 1 Arnolds 
Order at the Blockaid of Quebec, for all which the United States are 
Responsible and Chargeable with. Now on this State of the Matter 
which Nearly agrees with my Own Knowedge, And what I Related 
to you and the Board of War, Will it not be prudent to put of a Set- 
tlement with Gen 1 Arnold untill Congress may have some Authentic 
Information by a Flag or Otherwise from Canada. 

Col. Hazen further Adds that the manner in which the Merchants 
Stores in Montreal were broke Open and the Goods Taken from them 
will Appear in proof by the Proceedings of a Gen 1 Court Martial 
on his Trial at Ticonderoga in July 1776, and that he does not be- 
lieve the Public has ever had Credit for any part of them Whatever 
it Therefore Lays with Gen 1 Arnold to shew in What Manner these 
goods were disposed off I am Sir 

Your most Obedent & humble Servant 

Ebe r Green 
[No address on the original. ED.] 



358 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 6.] 

Camp Near Morris Town 7 th March 1780. 

Dear Sir I have your letter of the 22 d Jan'y by Cap 1 Grene the 
Bearer of this Inclosed you have a copy of the accusations given in 
against M r Tickenor you will allso see that yourself Bayleys Childs 
and Lines'es Conduct is to be inquired into I saw the Commander in 
Chief yesterday on these matters ; he desired me to inform Gen 1 Bay- 
ley and yourself that you must come prepared to answer to the expen- 
diture of provisions at Co'os which I dare say you can do without 
Difficulty Certain Quantities of Provisions will always be allowed 
to the Commanding officers at Posts, and if he draws more than he is 
properly entitled to ; It is in that case a charge against him on the Set- 
tlement of accounts by the auditors this I suppose to be the methods 
followed in such Cases I have wrote M r Childs and Bayley fully 
by this opportunity which as you will of course see them, makes it un- 
necessary for me to Inlarge on the same subject, a formadable 
magazene of provisions in the articles of Bread and forage is the only 
Chance you have of Public Protection If Bayley Childs and your- 
self Petition the Court to set at Charlestown I dare say It will be 
granted to you. I shall attend it myself, you will of Course assist in 
procuring the Necessary evidence in Tichenors matter The quan- 
tity of wheat and grain that might have been procured last year is a 
matter that ought to be Particularly attended to a Certificate from 
some of the Principal Inhabitants of each Town appears to me to be 
the best method Certifying what wheat or grain might have been 
Bought up for public [obliterated] without considering the wants of 
poor people, as the Public in such cases ought to be the first served 
Col : Morey writes me that M r Simpson refuses to deliver the Deeds 
of the land I bo 4 of him according to agreement without a security for 
the wheat in payment. I have Desired Cap 4 Grene to settle it If not I 
wish you M r Childs or Bayley one or all would be my security Let 
me Recommend a union of your people in a Just Representation of 
your Country, Numbers, Importance, abilities and exposed Situation 
to the Neighbouring States and to Congress give them no Rest un- 
till something is undertaken for you in that Quarter you may get 
through the present alarm But the Cause will not be further removed 
the Rod will be hanging over you still, and the Dark Cloud which 
Lately threatened a storm may at one time or another break with ven- 
gance on your Country. I wish my abilities to serve your Quarter, 
were equal to my Inclinations, I would in that case give you Relief 
I am Dear Sir Your very Hum 1 Servant 

Moses Hazen 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 359 

P. S. 35,000 Soles are said to be given to the board of war from 
Charlestown upwards settled on the grants on the east side the 
mountains 

Colonel Bedel 



[R. 6-35] [Joshua Wentworth to Joseph Oilman.] 

Portsm March 30, 1780 

Dear Sir. As a good opp ty presents by Maj r Bass, we shou'd be 
glad you wou'd embrace it to send some money down if any has come 
in to the Treasury w ch you may obtain 

The Coat is made for the large man as well another of same 
size, but have not an opp ty to send them up. We have no news to 
communicate, but shall be oblig'd by any you have rec d of Col Pea- 
body In the Interim are with regard 

D r Sir y M H 1 Serv* 

Josh. Wentworth & for M r Pres' 

Your book is almost done, & will send it by Maj r Bass if it sh d be 
nnish'd seasonably 

[Addressed] Joseph Oilman Esq Exeter 



[R. 6-36] [Clothing Orders.} 

Exeter April 5 th 1780 

Sir/ will yo be ples d to Cloth the berour Isaac Carkin as he is Now 
on his way to Camp 

Your H Sev 1 Jon a Cass 

Exeter April 8 th 1780 

Sir/ pleas deliver the bearer Nath 1 Walton a Suit of Cloaths 
M r Gilman H. Dearborn L 1 Col 

Exeter April 2O th 1780 

Sir/ please to Firnish With What articels you have to Spair the 
Folowing Soldier theay being Misted Soldiers and account For the 
Same Viz 1 Bezia Beede Josiah Moulton William Evens Thomas 
Watson Jon a Cass Lieu* 

M r Joseph Gilman 



360 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



. 6-37] 



[Greenland Petition.'] 



State of New ) To the hon ble the General Court of s d State at 
Hampshire ) Exeter 

The Petition of us the subscribers Inhabitants of the Town of 
Greenland in the County of Rockingham & State afores d humbly 
sheweth That a Militia Meeting was duly warned on the 2/th of 
March last duly held at a publick House in s d Greenland for the 
Choice of Officers in the eight Company and first Regiment of Militia 
for s d County, at which Meeting a great Number of Inhabitants of s d 
Greenland were present and they proceeded to the Choice of Officers, 
but to the Surprize of the Petitioners, People were elected, who had 
by no Means a Majority of votes on their side tho' there appeared a 
Majority of Votes. But your petitioners are informed that many of 
the Voters were hired & can prove that some carried in two or three 
Votes each which has made so great and general uneasiness in the 
Town that the Inhabitants refuse training under s d Officers, which 
might be productive of the worst Consequences unless some remedy 
is provided therefore the Petitioners pray that your honors would 
grant them a hearing, and if the facts contained prove true that your 
honors by some Resolve would enable them to call a new Meeting and 
have another and fairer Choice, and as in Duty bound they will ever 
pray 

Greenland April y e 14 th 1780 



Thomas Berry 
Isaiah Berry 
Francis Berry 
Jeremiah Holmes 
Levi Ayers 
Phineas Hodgdon 
Naekes Meriner 
George Philbrook 



James Whidden 
Joseph Haness 
Joshua Haines Ju r 
Nathanael Nutter 
Joseph Cate Jun r 
Elise Cate 
William Jinkins Jur 
Mark Jenkins 



Robert tuften Philbrook Jun r 

John Philbrook Mark Meloon 

Samuel Philbrook 

Josiah^Lang 

Job Chapman 

Samuel Nudd 

John Pearson 

Joseph Simes Nutter 

Simeon Cate 

Jacob Haness 



John Thompson 
Volentine Dam 
Nathaniel Grant 
Thomas Johnson 
David Johnson 
Lues Haynes 
Jotham Johnson 
Joseph Cate 



roben Willes 
Samuel huggins 
Thomas Berry Jr. 
John Rowling 
William Wallees 
William Woles Jr 
Richard Tarlton 
Joshua Neall 
William Nudd 
Job Lock 
John Grant 
William Jenkins 
Jonathan Sevey 
Samuel Dearborn 
Joseph Dearborn 
Thomas Blazo 
David Simpson 
Thomas Lucy 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 361 

[It seems that hiring voters is not so modern a practice as some 
men would have us believe. ED.] 



[R. 638] \Copy of Letter from Captain Abijah Savage.] 

r; 

" The Honorable Committee of Arrangements from Congress. 

Gentlemen, In the absence of Col Sherburne, we would beg leave 
to represent Col Henry Sherburne's regiment one of the sixteen. It 
is composed of three different states, viz. Connecticut, Massachusetts 
Bay, & Rhode Island. From the smallness of the regiment of both 
officers and men, we are induced to believe that the regiment will be 
reduced. The officers and men have heretofore laboured under many 
disadvantages by being composed of several different states, and not 
acknowledged by any one state in particular. Therefore have not re- 
ceived any supplies of cloathing and refreshments equal to the troops 
of the same states that we belong to. That we may be put upon 
more agreeable posting we would request if the regiment is reduced, 
the officers and men may be distributed into the line of the several 
states and receive the privileges that is due to us for our services. 
I am, Gentlemen, with due respect, 

Your most ob* hb 1 servant, 

Abijah Savage, Cap 4 Comd* 

Col Sherburne's Reg* 
(Signed by the desire of all the officers) 

Quarters, near Morristown, Ap 1 the 24 th 1780." 



[R. 6-40] [Joshua Went worth to Joseph Oilman.'] 

Portsm April 28, 1780 

Dear Sir Inclos'd is a bill of supplies to Capt. Ebenez r Fry the 
first Amo* paid for the cause of send g this bill detach d is from 
Capt Frys com g down for his bill from M r Leigh to settle with the 
Committee, you will in case he can settle his ape send the supply 
from the Office at Exeter with the inclos'd 

If you do not send List of Isues to Officers to-morrow, M r Foster 
will be up on Munday to make out a general one to render the Com- 
mittee 



362 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

1 have no money in the Treasury therefore rest matters 'til we are 
enabled to move by strength of the state 

In the Interim am D Sir Y r Most h 1 Serv' 

Josh. Wentworth 
Joseph Oilman Esq r at Exeter 

[R. 6-42] 

Portsm May 6, 1 780 

Dear Sir Your fav r per G 1 Nickols came to hand this afternoon 
we send by him 2 Deer Skins & two Coats also Inclos'd is Capt 
Hutcheons ape no Cloath for a Surtout to be obtain'd in this Town 
or Cambrick. we have not one Jacket nor Cloath to make one, or 
Cloath to make a Coat. If any more is to be purchas'd we must go 
into the Mass ts State, but when money will come to hand for that 
purpose is uncertain. by Sherrif who goes up next flood send two 
hhds of Cloaths as ment d at foot & 10 Coats. 

I have not to add but remain your friend & very h 1 Serv* 

Josh. Wentworth 
i hhd N 57. N 58 

140 p r Breaches 301 pr Stockings 

260 p r Stockings 264 pr Shoes 

10 Coats 

M r Bass Chest & bedding to go by first Waggon 

The price of the Skins are 72/ per s to the officers 

2 Coats per the bearer G 1 Nickols of largest size 



[R. 643] [Joshiia Wentworth to Joseph Oilman J\ 

Portsm May 1 8, 1 780 

Dear Sir. I rec d your fav per Maj r Gains with 21 sheets of money 
for the War Office amot to 1 5960 Dollars. 

I have purchas'd a few yard of Cloth for Jackets w h are making & 
shall lay out the money sent down soon as oppy offers for Shirts & 
Jackets. if you want Stockings let me know as there are ab* 100 p s 
in the office 

If your Acco* of supplys are out pray send them by return of the 
Major, as I am affraid the Committee may want them. If I can be 
serviceable let me know & will be up immediately. 

I am with regard & Esteem D Sir Y r ready h 1 Serv* 

Josh Wentworth 
Joseph Gilman Esq Exeter fav d per Maj. Gains 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 363, 

\_Bayley to Bedel. Hibbard Collection, Vol. IV. p. 100.] 

S r as I am now on a Journey to Exeter & I wish you to Receive 
From M r Coms r Lines what Stores Remanes here and Deal out to 
Maj r Whitcombs Core Indians &c on their order what is necessary 
and as soon as Possiable send one or two Party into Canada for Intel- 
ligence for which I will be accountable - 

I am S r your most Humbel Servant 

May 1 8 th 1780 Jacob Bayley D Q M G 

Col Bedel 

[R. 6-46] [ Wentworth to Gilman.~\ 

D r Sir. Inclos'd are the remainder of the Officers acco ts w h you 
will hand to the Committee. I shall send by M r Odlin the Buttons 
you mention by Maj r Gains, if he can carrie them, or by Sherrife in 
the Gundola who will be up Tuseday. 

I am with regard, D. Sir y r friend & h 1 Serv* 

Portsm June 4 h 1780 Josh Wentworth 

Joseph Gilman Esq Exeter fav d ^ M r Odlin 



[Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 8.] 

Waltham 12 miles from Boston 6 th June 1780. 
D r Sir I wrote you from Exeter by Col : Morey 
Gen 1 : Bayley Col : Chase and myself have been Eight Days at Bos- 
ton on hard Labour we have However succeeded so far as to find a 
Gen 1 Disposition of the People in Power to under Take what we all 
wish Gen 1 : Bayley set off yesterday evening to meet the assembly 
of New Hampshire at Exeter with a letter from the Council of this 
State to that at Exeter on the subject of, and a Recommendation to 
secure the grain in your quarter and to Call out the Militia Imme- 
diately for your Protection You must therefore exert yourselves in 
the former as much Depend on it -I myself am charged with a letter 
from the Council of Boston to the Commander in Chief, all things 
will I hope go well and in the way we wish 

Nothing to be depended on from South Carolina Twelve Ships of 
the line and Eight Thousand Land forces are Hourly expected from 
france Gen 1 Washington is appointed L' Gen 1 in the Service of the 



364 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

King of France and vice admiral of his fleets the sole Command of 
Both that are or may serve in America I will write you by the Re- 
turn of the man that was to bring my Horses from Co'os to Spring- 
field I must beg you will give Merril every assistance in the 
business he under Took at the farm at old ways, as also the more 
Town [Mooretown, Vt] Land under Taken by M r : White Peaslee 
was To Take up to Coos the famous Horse known by the Name of 
Peacock, Two mares and Two colts which he will Deliver you 

I am D r Sir yours Sincerely 

Moses Hazen 

P. S. a late Requisition from the Commander in Chief to this 
State for 4000 men the legislature have ordered them to be Raised 
and I am told they are to be paid in hard cash Paper money will I 
believe be in better Credit 

Colonel Bedle M. H. 

[Superscribed] Colonel Bedle at Haverhill Coos p r Col : Chase 



[R. 6-47] \Clothing Orders^ 

Exeter June 7 th 1780 

S r / do be kind anough to Deliver to the bearer Jack Dimond, One 
pair Lether briches, One pair Overalls One Shirt, he waits On 
Col Reed & I have Received a Line From the Col Desiring Me to 
See him Firnishe d with those articels if thay ware to be had the 
Soldier is to be accountible For the above articels 

your H. serv* 
M r J. Oilman One of the Bord War Jon a Cass Lieut. 



[R. 6-48] 

Exeter the 13 of June 1780 

S r / please to Firnish Jon a Edds & Danil Sergent with Such articels 
of Clothing as theay Shall want Sayd Edds is a twelve Months 
Man but what Regiment he will Joyn I know not Danil Segt will 
Joyn the 3 d Battalion & the 5 th Company Let the Soldiers account 
For what theay have & you 1 oblidge 

your Humb 1 Sev* 
to the Honrible the Bord War Jon a Cass Lieut 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 365 

[R. 6-48] [Commissary Leigh to Committee on Accounts^ 

Portsmouth June 1 5 th 80 

Gent Major Titcomb the Bearer is Desirous of Giveing you what 
Information I am able with Respect to the Loss arising on Brandy 
when the Army was orderd from the White Plains to Danbury in 
Sept 78 I deliverd Major Titcomb for the Use of 2 d Reg* three 
Cask, a Few days after I was at Bedford when I was Informd by 
Major Titcomb & other Officers that the Preceeding Night a Horse 
Knawd off the hoops from one of the Cask by which Means the 
Far Greater part was Lost which will Account for the Quantity 
Missing. 

I am very Respectfully 

Gent your most Obed* Serv* 

To the Committe for Adjust 2 \ Joseph Leigh 

the Acc s for the Harnp 5 Line J 



[Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 10.] 

Private Camp Near Morristown 15 th June 1780 

Dear Sir The Inclosed letter was wrote at Hartford as you will 
see by the Date I hope and have some reason to believe that all 
things will go well and to our wishes yet I am not without fear 
having been so often Disappointed in those matters The securing 
of the grain and Intelligence from Canada ; are most assential 
Points ; to the one and the other let me beg your particular atten- 
tion Northern opperations are now on the Carpit, and a very little 
time must Determine them, which calls for your Immediate exertions 
in forming the magazenes of flower and obtaining Intelligence from 
Canada 

In the other letter you will see what I have said with respect to 
the oxen I wrote it in order that you might show it to Childs : But 
you may be assured that I have not the least Inclination to Differ 
with you on such a Triffling occasion as the value of a yoak of oxen 
I think However you had better give them up to Merril as on the 
footing I mentioned in the other letter and then Insist on Childs 
settling with you Indeed I know not of any other way it can be 
done ; If they Choose to make Difficulties, as to Taking 750 Dol- 
lars now for the oxen ; or a Bushel of wheat for Two hard Dollars- 
advanced the last year, I am sure no man in his senses would make 



366 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

such a settlement. I had rather lose the whole by much ; If you can 
get Childs Receipt for what he owes you whether for the oxen or 
other articles I should think you would be Indemnified by the Public 
as I expect to be for what I am in advance for him at the same 
time an Honest Reasonable settlement is the shortest method 

Nothing has yet Transpired from Head Quarters with respect to 
Tickenors trial the enemies being out in the Jerseys ; I suppose 
has prevented it 

I was in hopes to have been able to have sent you some money by 
return of the bearer But there is not a single Copper in the army 
which cannot long be the case You will see what I have wrote to 
M r : White and Merril and I wish you to see that the business at 
Both them places, are not Neglected at more Town I think I had 
better begin on half a dozen farms which will confirm the Right of 
Possession Which is also what I mean by sowing a little of some 
different kinds of seeds at the three Block houses 

I shall endeavour to get hold of a sum of money soon, you may 
therefore look out for Purchases ; The Tract of Country which you 
were a mentioning from Vermont Title ; I will if you Choose it Take 
a Part of under you 'tho you had better not be in any hurray about 
it, as I think something will be settled in Congress soon with respect 
to those matters You had better see if you can Purchase some im- 
proved farms at Peacham Near Elkinses, if they are cheep and if you 
can obtain Credit for the most Considerable Part Should I be able 
to draw out my money from the Public or should I be able to collect 
money from a Third person to purchase lands on a Large Scale 
How would you agree what Capital would you put in ; and what part 
would you Take, viz the half, a third, or a quarter, or How in propor- 
tion to the money you found If we should take in another Partner 
money may be had But if we do anything in this matter Jointly, 
some little agreement should be entered into ; so far as to know the 
Capitail which may be appropriated to that purpose ; and also that all 
purchases may be made with that Capatail as far as the money will go 
TJirow your thoughts on Paper on this head & let me know them 
by the first opportunity In the mean Time I shall be looking out 
for ways and means 

I shall Pay Due attention to your last letter I do not know what 
can be done about the Receipt of Purchases for Potatoes as it is very 
Probable those Potatoes were settled once by Childs & Lines, at least 
it ought to have been done you must however be paid for your 
Potatoes & bags I do not at present understand how it happens 
that I am to furnish 250 yards Cloath and then sign a receipt for so 
much received from Tickenor when the bags were for his own use ; 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 367 

but I will look it over and do what is right at the same time Charge 
Childs with the Cloath, as he must settle it 

Yours ,, TT 

M. Hazen 



\Colonel Hazen to Colonel Chase. Chase Papers, p. I/I.] 

Campt Near Morristown 15 th June 1780 

Dear S r I hope & have some reason to beleve that all things will 
go well and to our wishes yet I am not without my Fears as the 
Enemy Keep at Charlestown and other circumstances may possibly 
divert the attention of our Rulers to that which they may think of 
greater moments The Marques is warm & the commander in 
Cheif is steady to the point. Intelligence from y e Northward & y e 
securing the grain on Connecticut River are important objects the 
former the old Gen 1 has in charge and the latter Demands the serious 
attention of every friend to your Country the french fleet is not 
expected on this coast untill the latter end of this month the 
enemy are now in such force in the Jersey as makes it imprudent for 
the commander in Chief to act on the offensive pray be active and 
save all the grain you possibly can, of every kind 

I am Dear S r yours most sincerely 
Col Chase Moses Hazen 



[R. 649] [Commissary Leigh to Committee on Accounts J\ 

June io th 80 - 

Gent. Coll Wenlworth Brott me a little Memo to Rectify with 
Respect to one M r James Crummett in Bells Compy 2 d Reg 1 have 
had Recourse to the Original Return as Given me & find it to Stand 
as ^ underneath : I Conclude that Jacob Cromwell as it stands, in 
the Book now lodged with you must be James Crummett for the Fol- 
lowing Reasons it stands James Cromel in the Original and there was 
Evidently a Mistake Committed in his Christian Name by me unless 
there should be James Cromel & James Crummett in the same 
Company which the Muster Roles must determine 

I am Gent your most hble serv* 

James Cromel J ose P h Lei S h 

2 Shirts @ 24/ I pair Shoes 8/ I Hatt 8/ I pr Overalls i8/~4. 2. o 

To The Committee For adjusting the accounts with the army att 
Exeter 



368 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-51] [Concerning James Bailey, ,] 

Exeter June 2O th 1780 

Sir please to Firnish James Baley with such articels of Cloth- 
ing as you have to Spair he accounting For the Same he will 
Sarve in the 3 d N. Hampshire Regiment 

J. Oilman Esq r Jon a Cass Lieut. 



[R. 6-51] 

[Similar order relative to "William Wintworth 2 d Batalion." 
ED.] 



[R. 6-52] [Joseph Oilman to the Board of War.~\ 

Exeter July I st 1780 

Gent n Inclosed you have a Resolve of the General Court impower- 
ing the Treasurer to Borrow Money for the use of the State The 
Committee of Safety desire the Board of War to try the Credit of 
the State with the Merchants in the Massachusetts for such Articles 
of Clothing as are or may be wanting in the course of the year for 
our Troops, as you have Correspondents in Newbury Port, Salem, 
and Boston, I think it would be best to write by the Post to them on 
the subject Any persons disposed to Credit the State for such 
articles as we may want, may have Notes payable in one, two or 
three years in Current money, Bills emitted by Resolution of 
Congress & act of this State, or in Gold or Silver as we may agree 
I have not any thing further to add but that I am with great 
Esteem Your most humble Servant 

Board of War Portsmouth J. Gilman 



[Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. n.] 

Camp Near Morris Town July 4 th 1780 

D r Sir Not one word from your Quarter since I left that place 
I am afraid your Parties have miscarried, whether or not we ought to 
have heard from you long since on the subject of the grain ; which 
is of great Importance for us to know ; every thing is Perfectly right 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 369 

in this Quarter to the utmost of our wishes yet nothing can be 
Determined on untill the arrival of the fleet from france which as is 
here said ; sailed for America on the 22 d April It may at this time 
of the year have a 1 3 weeks passage The Marques is our friend 
and warm Gosselin is Dispatched to the Northward and Bayleau to 
the more Southward parts of Canada for Intelligence 

You must Join with Gen 1 : Bayley and fix them of without a 
moments Delay Yours 

Col : Bedle Moses Hazen 

Since I wrote the foregoing I have seen our friend the Marqueses 
Instructions and am Pursuaded they will not answer to save their 
necks should they be so unlucky as to fall into the enemys Hands 
have therefore advised them to take orders from Gen 1 : Bayley or 
the Commanding Officer at Coos Yours 

Col : Bedle Moses Hazen 



[Selectmen of Lebanon to Colonel Chase. Chase Papers, p. 23.] 

Lebanon New Hampshire Grants July 7 1 780 

Sir as this Town hath been Repeatedly called Together on 
account of orders Rec d from you for men for scouting and other ser- 
vice &c we haveing Collected the Sentiments of the Town with Re- 
gard to Raising men to stand Thus : That they acknowledge Sub- 
ordination to you as a Col : of there own Choice and ever will obey 
you as such But at the same time think : To obey you as haveing 
athoratative Power from the State of Newhampshire is Derogatore 
To the Birth Rite of Englishmen it being a tax laid on us for men 
without being Represented &c Sir we wish for the future you 
would be Please d To send as a Reques* To us we shall own the Power 
we Committed To you we mean not to set up an allter in Defiance 
To the Public Cause & be pleased Sir To Excuse our simplicity and 
Except this with our sincere obediance from your Humble Servants 

Simeon Peck ) c , 

^T-T TT *.- belect 

Theop Huntmgton 



Nath 1 Stoors ) men 



To Col 1 Jonathan Chase 

24 



37 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[Committee of Congress to President Weare. Peabody Papers, N. H. 

Historical Society '.] 

In Committee of Congres, Preakness 

State of Newjersey July 13 th 1780 

Sir We do ourselves the Hon r to inclose copy of a letter of this 
date from the Commander in Chief. You sir are so fully impressed 
with the necessity of improving every moment to promote the great 
object of the present Campaign, it would be needless to aduce any 
arguments in support of the Sentiments Contained in the Generals 
letter. Permit us only to observe that in proportion as any State is 
deficient in the number of men, and Quantum of supplies, for the 
Army, our prospects of success will be diminished, and should un- 
happily your State rely that the exertion of other States will be Com- 
petent to the business, and the same opinion entertained by others, 
It is evident that disgrace & ruin must be y e portion of this Country 
- Persuaded that your feelings will revolt at the mere Idea, we rely, 
with Confidence that not a moments time will be lost in a perfect 
Compliance with the requisitions of this Committee as specifyed in 
former applications for any extra Supplies, or Services 

You Sir will not conclude us too importunate in the repeated reit- 
erations on this important subject, as we Conceive the occasion will 
Justify us in this address. The Committee are so unhappy as not to 
have been favoured with the determinations of your State upon their 
various applications, nor have we had the least assurance of what is 
to be expected from them, or even the receipt of those applications 
acknowledged. 

With the most perfect esteem & respect we have the hon r to be 
Sir your most obedient and very Hum 1 Serv ts 

[The Committee of Congress consisted of General Schuyler, John 
Matthews, and Nathaniel Peabody. The foregoing is their retained 
copy, and was among the papers of Mr. Peabody. ED.] 



[The following is a copy of the letter from General Washington 
referred to in the foregoing, and is copied from a manuscript record 
of the committee owned by the New Hampshire Historical Society, 
p. 222. ED.] 

Head Quarters July 13 th 1780. 

Gentlemen We have received intelligence through different 
channels from New York, that the Guadeloupe had arrived there 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 3/1 

on Sunday morning, and brought an account that she had fallen in 
with a large french fleet consisting of several sail of the line and a 
number of transports between the capes of Virginia and Delaware. 
This intelligence has every appearance of authenticity ; and, if true 
the arrival of the fleet on the coast, may instantly be looked for. 
This indeed must be the case at any rate from the time, they are said 
to have sailed. 

It cannot be too much lamented, that our preparations are still so 
greatly behind hand. Not a thousand men that I have heard of have 
yet joined the army ; and in all probability the period for com- 
mencing our operations is at hand. I am happy to learn, that a spirit 
of annimation has diffused itself throughout the states, from which 
we may expect the happiest consequences. But the exigency is so 
pressing that we ought to multiply our efforts to give new activity 
and dispatch to our measures, levying and forwarding the men, pro- 
viding the supplies of every sort required : forage and transportation 
demand particular attention. 

After what had been preconcerted with the Honb le the Congress, 
after two months previous notice of the intended succour ; if our 
allies find us unprepared and are obliged to wait several weeks in a 
state of inaction, it is easy to conceive how unfavorable the impressions 
it will make of our conduct. Besides this, the season is exceedingly 
advanced a decisive enterprise, if our means are equal to it, will not 
permit us to lose a moment of the time left for military operations, 
which, if improved with all the vigor in our power, is less than were 
to be wished for an undertaking of so arduous and important a nature, 
so much is at stake so much to be hoped so much to be lost 
that we shall be inexcusable, if we do not employ all our zeal and all 
our exertion With the highest respect and esteem, 
I have the honor to be, Gentlemen, 

Your most obed* & h 1 Serv 1 

G Washington 
To The Hon ble Committee of Co-operation. 



[Commissary Bass to Jos /ma Wentworth. N. H. Historical Society's 
Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. I. p. 122.] 

West Point I July 1780 

Dear Sir I rec d yours of the 1 5 th June, Inclosing one from M rs 
Bass, allso one for Cap t Pray with a note ; Cap* Pray being stationed 



3/2 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

at Fish kill Landing, about eight miles up the River from this place, 
have not had an opp since the arrival of Leavit, to send to him & as 
he is to sett of in the morning Cannot Possibly gett the not Indorsed 
so as to send by this opp but the very furst that offers you may de- 
pend on my Care in this matter or any other you may give me the 
pleasure to Transact for you. 

the Disagreeable news of Mendum & Parker being taken, makes 
me feel very slim but I am so used to bad Luck that I think 
never to be Concerned in Navigation again, at least not before next 
time Gen 1 Stark has just this moment sett of for N Hampshire I 
refer you to him for all the news, Likewise to Col Cilley who goes 
with him , I shall take it as a particular favour if you would deliver 
M rs Bass out of the store Linnen enough to make me three shirts, to 
be sent in the first Waggons that Come on from our State. I should 
not ask this favour Could I Possibly doe without am in greait 
Haste having my hands Chock full of Business 

I am Dear sir Your Most Humb 1 Serv* 

Joseph Bass 

P. S. please to give my best Regards to your Brother Little Clap 
&c & deliver the Inclosed 
Joshua Wentworth Esq r 



[Major Bass to Board of War. N. H. Historical Society's Miscel- 
laneous Collections, Vol. I. p. 125.] 

Orengtown :8 th August 1780 

Gentlemen I rec d yours of the 28 th til* *$ Leavitt with Six Hhd s 
Clothing & two Bever Hats, the Felt Hats & Overalls am sorry you 
sent, as I have more by me than is wanted & its only Expence & 
Trouble to lugg them about. I wish you had sent more Hunting 
Frocks in lue of Overalls, as they are more wanted, the Officers Com- 
plain very much for want of Hats, Tea, Coffee and Chocolate but 
few of our Soldiers have any Blankets, if its Possible any can be pro- 
cured, I should be glad a Soldier does but poorly without one 
they have none in the Publick Store, but Shoes in great plenty, I can 
have what I please have near twelve Hundred pair by me You 
need not send any more I wrote in my last for an accompt 
Book, such as M r Leigh had, its out of my power to procure one here, 
unless you send one I cannot make up my accounts, allso some 
writing paper, or I shall not be able to Inform you of the good news 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 3/3 

when we have it the Scales came too late, was Obliged to purchase 
a pair not one word of news. 

I am Gentlemen your Most Hub 1 : Servant 

Joseph Bass 

[Addressed] John Penhallow Esq. President to the Board of War 
In Portsmouth 39 Leavitt 



[R. 6-54] [Commissary Joseph Bass to Board of War.} 

N 4 West Point 28 th July 1780 

Gentlemen My last was ^ Leavitt of the I st Ins*. Since that I 
have Rec d one half the Rum & Sugar from Hartford the other I have 
stored at Danbury by desire of Gen 1 : Poor In order to have it 
handy as its Expected the army will move in a few days towards 
White Plains, the Rum has fell short very much from the furst Gauge 
the sugar I could not gett weigh'd for want of scales & weights, there- 
fore cannot tell the wants I have Lately drawn out of the Publick 
Store 736 Oznaburgs & Coarse Linen Shirts & 578 pair Overalls 
if we had as many Hunting Frocks our men would be pritty well 
cloth'd we shall want more yarn Hose for the winter the Officers 
make great Complaints for want of Hatts. Thread & Cotton Hose, 
& other Summer ware is much wanted by them the Clothier Gen- 
eral has Informed me that the Continental agent for Purchasing 
Cloathing in the Massachusetts, has allways sent what he Collected 
to their States Clothier in the army by which means their Troops have 
been better Cloathed than ours, this he told me was in Consequence 
of an Order from their Gen 1 Assembly I think by the same Rule 
our Assembly may send to me what M r Gardiner Collects, of course I 
shall be accountable to the Cloathier Gen 1 for what I may receive this 
way, which can make no odds in M r Gardners Settling his accounts 
with him. he likewise Informed me the Reason this method was 
taken that the State where such Cloathing was Collected their 
Troops should have the Preference & the overp us turned in to the 
Public Store 

I am Gentlemen your most Humb 1 Serv 1 
Board of War Joseph Bass 



374 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[President We are to Committee of Congress^ 
[Original in Department of State, Washington, D. C.] 

Gentlemen Hampton falls Aug* 8 th 1780 

I am honor'd with the Receipt of your very Obligeing Letters, of 
the 22 d and 25 th ult by M r Emery. Your Approbation of the Meas- 
ures taken by this State, merits my most gratefull acknowledgments. 
It had given me some uneasiness that my Letters had not Reach'd 
you sooner, as by that Means you were so long uninformed, respect- 
ing Matters of so great importance. I shall pay every attention, to 
Return as Speedy answers to your communications, as is in my 
Power. 

Mr. Emerys appointment, to have the care of forwarding the 
Supplies &c : is very Agreeable, and will I believe, much facilitate 
measures and be of service to the public Cause. 

The Horses called for, are I believe all provided, and Ready to go 
forward immediately : the biggest part of them are ordered to go for- 
ward this day. Like wise a Considerable number of Cattle, and 
quantity of Rum is Ready Provided. True it is we meet with very 
great difficulty to collect money for to answer these purposes. 

So Extravagant were the Bounties Required by the Men for ingag- 
ing to go into the Service, without paying of which, we could no way 
have got our men : and so excessive are the prices of every Article, 
that it seems as if all the Money in the state, would not be Sufficient, 
the people say they cannot get it. However we shall exert our selves 
to the utmost, that if possible we may comply with every Requisition 
at this important Crisis. 

I have the honor to be with Sentiments of Esteem & Respect 
Gentlemen y r Most Ob 1 Hum ble Ser* 

Meshech Weare 

Hon ble Com tee of Congress 

[Addressed] The Hon bl Committee of Congress, at head Quarters 
Preakness 

[Endorsed] N 33. Letter from Pres d Weare to Com tee at head 
quarters Aug 8 th Reed 28, Aug. 1780 On Publick Service 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 3/5 

[R. 6-55] \_Meshech Weare to Dr. Martin P helps,'} 

Exeter Aug st 12 th 1780 

Sir As the Troops stationed at Haverhill (without doubt) will 
have need of a Surgeon, I must request you to take care of them in 
that Capacity, for which you shall have a reasonable allowance from 
this State. I am Your Hum bl Serv 4 

Doct r Phelps M. Weare 

[R. 6-56] [_/. Gilman to Joshua WentwortkJ] 

Exeter August 15 1780 

Dear Sir Yours by Sheriffe with the Goods mentioned came safe 
to hand, am much oblig'd to you for writing M r Wells respecting the 
Tea M r Brooms Letter as well as yours by Capt. Thompson shall 
be laid before the Committee as soon as they meet which will be 
Thursday next from the present situation of our Finances, the con- 
stant call for money from every Quarter, particularly for sending on 
with all expedition the Cattle Horses & Rum purchased in this State, 
I have little hopes of our being able to make the purchases so neces- 
sary for the comfort (I might say preservation) of our brave Troops 
you mention. 

However 'tis our Duty to lay the affair before our Superiors, and 
you may depend on my doing it and giving you an answer ^ first 
opp I have Orders from the Committee to have all our Waggons 
now here fixed up for the Deputy Q r Master General to Transport the 
Rum to Camp which will seasonably be done to depart next week 
M r Noah Emery who has lately returned from Camp is appointed 
Assistant Q r M r & Commissary of purchases for this State, but is to 
look to our Treasury for money I have nothing new to add 

I am Sir with perfect Esteem Yrs. 

J. Gilman 

[Addressed to] Col Joshua Wentworth, Portsmouth Favoured by 
Col Clapp 



376 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-57] \Committee of Safety to Jonathan Child.~\ 

State of New Hampshire In Committee of Safety Sept r 6, 1780 

To Maj r Jon a Child Sir Whereas M r Noah Emery Jun r is ap- 
pointed by the Commissary-General, an assistant Commissary of Pur- 
chases for this State, and as he has appointed you to furnish supplies 
&c You are therefore, desired to call on the Constables in the County 
of Grafton also the Constables in Cornish & Plainfield in the County 
of Cheshire for a sum of money sufficient from time to time for sup- 
plying those Troops which are stationed for the defence of the Wes- 
tern Frontiers of this State, and on your accounting for what money 
you receive of said Constables the same shall be allowed to them in 
part of the Public Taxes 

In behalf of the Committee M. Weare Presd* 

A Copy Attest Joseph Pearson D Secy 



\Colonel Hazen to General Bay ley. Hi b bard Collection, Vol. II. p. 137.] 

Camp State of New Jersey 13 th Sept. 1780 

Dear Sir I have your letters by Colonel Olcutt and Bellangier 
I am sorry you sent Bellanger as he was of no use ; you must not In- 
dulge those People too much Colonel Olcutt arrived here in an un- 
lucky time, otherwise I think it was probable our plan would have had 
the desired effect ; He However has been of great service here, and 
set your Country in its proper point of Light : It may also be of Par- 
ticular use to Col : Olcutt in Congress : on your State affairs It is 
the best plan you ever under Took, and I am convinced some good 
will result from it one way or other ; we are now amused by Intelli- 
gence of a french fleet being on the Coast that of course must put a 
stop to our plan. Something However is I am persuaded in Contem- 
plation for the Northern Country which will I hope work itself out in 
due Time you must be steady and do as well as you can I shall 
always -assist all in my power I have wrote Gen 1 Sullivan and 
others my friends in Congress on your State affairs ; I will do you no 
hurt, if I cannot do good. I have been very busey this some days 
Past defending myself at a Gen 1 Court Martial ; arrested by Baron 
Stuben for Disobedience of orders and unmilitary conduct I do not 
think my self a bad hand in making a Retreat in those matters you 
will hear of it as soon as I have time and opportunity offers I do not 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

yet give up Goslain for lost If he arrives you will send him here or 
not as you think best. What do you think of a winters Expedition ? 
is not the month of Decem r the best ? the snow is not then deep and 
hard. Yours most Sincerely 

Moses Hazen 

Compliments to M rs Bayley Merril and his family have not Time to 
answer Merrils Letter by this opportunity 

Gen 1 Bayley 

[Superscribed] Brigadier Gen 1 Jacob Bayley In Newbury Coos 

p r fav r 

Cap 1 Curtis 



[R. 6-58] {Commissary Bass to Board of War.~\ 

N 6 Camp New Jersey i/ th Sept r 1780 

Gentlemen My last was fl Leavitt of the 1 8 th Ins 1 Since, there 
has a Difficulty aris'n Concerning the Forage master, the Waggon 
master, the Commissary of Issues, & the Conductor of Military 
Stores for the Brigade, in regard to their drawing Cloathing &c out 
of the Store, the Officers say they have no right to draw, that the 
State does not know them, & they are not paid by the State, of 
Course there will be no Depreciation due them, that they are paid by 
the Forage Master Gen 1 : the Waggon Master Gen 1 : the Commissary 
Gen 1 : of Issues, & the Conductor Gen 1 : of Military Stores. I did 
deliver some things to them by Gen 1 : Poors Order, but shall no 
more untill I know your Determination, the two furst have lately 
drawn each, a full sute of Cloaths out of the Publick Store & so will 
the Others as soon as they can be had. I think there is a good dele 
in what the Officers say on this point, three of them Came from our 
State, the furst is married & has a Wife in Connecticut, the last 
belongs to & came from the State of New York. Should likewise 
be glad to know if the New levy's thats for six months, are to have 
the privilege of Drawing out of the Store Please to lett me know 
your Determination as soon as Possible for in this Case am at loss 
how to act [Three lines almost entirely eaten out by mice] try 
for some Writing paper & Books but could get none that would 
answer, they had not a single sheet of Paper in the Store this I 
now write you on, was Obliged to Borrow I shall be glad if you 
would send me a Ledger for the Soldiers &c one like that of M r 



3/8 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Leigh's, with some Writing Paper, for I cannot gett these Articles 
here 

I am Gentlemen your Most Hub 1 Serv* 

Joseph Bass 

P. S. You have doubtless heard of the death of the worthy Gen 1 : 
Poor, who died the 8 th Ins 1 of a putrid nervous Fever, much Lamented 
the Army have lost a Brave & good Officer, the Brigade their 
best friend he was buried with all the Honours of war, and all the 
Respect Possible Shown him - 

N. B. more Officers Shoes will be wanted before you can send 
them they wear them out very fast, they have a great dele of march- 
ing to do lett the next be Something larger & as strong as possible 
- the last was most of one size - 

Board of War 

[Addressed to] John Penhallow Esq r President to the Board of 
War Portsmouth N Hampshire 

[Some historical writers have claimed that General Enoch Poor was 
killed in a duel with a French officer. The postscript to the forego- 
ing letter seems to refute that statement. ED.] 



[R. 6-59] 

[This document is a petition from Lieut. James Taggart, of Peter- 
borough, dated September 17, 1780, asking to have the depreciation 
of his pay made up to him, which was granted. ED.] 



[R. 660] [Francis Walls 's Order and Certificate.^ 

Camp Orrengtown October 2 d 1780 

Gent 1 Please to Pay unto Isaack Blasdel out of my Depreshation 
Wages the som of teen Pounds Lawful Money it Being for Value 
Recvd & his Resett Shall Be Your Descharge for the same from your 
humb 1 Sarvent frances Walls 

To the honoub 1 the Counsel and hous of Representatives for the 
State of N hampshire 

I Do Scartify that Frances Walls has sarved as a Drummer in Cap, 
Foggs Company in the 2 d Newhampshire Reg* three years 1777 - 1778 
& 1779 Camp Orrengtown Oct r 2 d 1780 

Joshua Merrow Lieu 4 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 3/9 

[R. 6-6 i] 

[This document is a petition from Doctor William Parker, surgeon 
of the Second New Hampshire Battalion, for an allowance for depre- 
ciation of his pay, which was granted October 21, 1780. ED.] 



[Colonel Has en to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 12.] 

Camp West point 12 th Oct r 1780 

Dear Sir I wrote you a few lines by express a few days since to 
which I refer. This I forward by Colonel Peter Olcut, to whom I 
refer for all the News. Nothing it seems can be undertaken to the 
Northward Immediately alltho it is the wish of every one Colonel 
Olcutt will Communicate to you ; your Civil Political Cituation which 
really require some fix plan steadily persued He has Communicated 
his thoughts to me on the matter which at present appears advisable. 
If the People on the River will Join and Hang together they may 
carry almost any Point : that or the Division Line on the River 

which will Through ny Considerable share of Legislation as well 

with the original Intentions of Nature M r Olcutt 

is of the opinion must take place. 

I think it is a matter that requires the serious attention of the 
Thinking people in your Quarter I am in haste Dear Sir 

Yours most Sincerely 

Moses Hazen 

I do not see as I shall be able to find you any money until I go to 
Philadelphia myself which I intend by the latter end of the month 
let me hear from you by every opportunity M : H : 

Col : Bedle 



[Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Hibbard Coll., Vol. II. p. 137.] 

Camp State of New Jersey 13 th Oct 1780 

Dear Sir I have your letter of the 4 th Current and observe the 
Contents I am surprised that you have not received any goods from 
M r : Peaslee as he wrote me I think in the month of July that he had 
quantity of Salt and other articles on the way for you. the other 
part of your letter I can not answer by this opportunity for the want 
of time I have introduced Col : Olcutt to the Commander in Chief 



380 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

he is pleased with the offer made by the People in your Quarter he 
has now a full power to employ the armies of the united States as he 
may Judge fit The late Disaster to the Southward, and still by 
some late circumstances in favour of a french fleet upon our Coast 
will prevent, I am afraid any thing being done your way this Sumer 
as the Season is almost advanced to far. It is possible a winters 
Campaign may be under Taken in case Circumstances should favour 
it 

I wish to know your opinion of the best Season, the month of De- 
cember strikes me as the snow is then light and easy to beat down 
I will write you more fully by next opportunity and hope I shall be 
able to send you some Cash soon 

Yours most Sincerely 

Moses Hazen Col : 

P. S. I have been in arrest some days past for disobedience of 
orders and unmilitary conduct in halting Gen 1 Poors Brigade in a line 
of march a few minutes for water I am a good hand in making a 
Retreat shall not suffer death by the Censure of the Gen 1 Court Mar- 
tial this time I believe Yours 

Colonel Timothy Bedle at Haverhill Coos M. Hazen 

p r fav r Cap* Curtis 



[Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Hibbard Coll, Vol. II. p. 138-] 

Camp West Point 15 th Oct r 1780 

Dear Sir I have your letter of the 5 th Instant by Cap 1 Aldridge. 
I wrote you a line a few days since by Colonel Olcutt I had but 
little to fear from the Centance of the Court martial on my trial. I 
was acquited with Hon r of all the Charges, and in other Instances 
gained a most Compleat victory I managed the matter in such a 
manner as not only to acquit my self of the Charges, but in the course 
of the Trial to Impeach my accuser of all the Charges on which I 
was Tried, and after the Publication of the Centence brought him 
the Baron to a Court of Hon r to ask pardon &c. &c. &c : on the 
whole I have not lost but gained Hon r by the Trial You must not 
think hard that I do not send you money. Inclination I assure you 
is not wanting, not a farthing of Ten Thousand Hard Dollars either 
Principal or Interest can I obtain from Congress not a sixpence of 
pay for the army since Decem r last, these are Disappointments 
which I did not expect when I saw you last I shall go to Philadel- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 38! 

phia my self on the latter end of this or beginning of next month 
and am Confident I shall fall on some way or other to send you some 
money In the mean time I have wrote to Lenord Jarvis Merchant in 
Boston to Credit you with a sum equal to four hundred dollars hard 
cash If he has it in his power ; or if he has anything that will suit you 

I am sorry for the Disappointment through M r Peaslee ; It will not 
happen again by a Dependance from me on him had I not relied 
on him I should have sent the goods from Boston If you can fall 
on a method to settle with him for what he has supplied shall be glad 

- I will some way or other remit it to you soon I wish you would 
settle with M r Childs about the oxen the other matters may lay over 
if there should be any difficulty in settling them I mentioned to 
you once before in some of my letters that I thought you had best 
to recall the settlement you made with M r Childs. I am still of that 
opinion being Persuaded that all the Depreciation of that money will 
be made up to you 

This I mention to yourself only Cap* Aldridge will relate to 
you all the News in this Quarter. I hope the Incursion of the enemy 
to the Northward will finally opperate in favour of America and to 
the Particular advantage of the good people in your Quarter I beg 
you will settle if possible with Childs that matter of the oxen In 
an other letter which you may shew him I have sent the papers you 
required and must now request that you will Inclose me by the first safe 
opportunity my account current Drawn out by your self as it is not 
necessary at present that others should be let into our private affairs 

Contrary to our first resolution In haste I must Conclude Dear 
Sir Your very Hum 1 Servant 

Col : Bedle Moses Hazen 

If Col : Olcutts Plan should Take place you will find Difficulty^in 
geting your money from the State of New Hampshire for your ad- 
vances you had better look out for a Security in time Perhaps you 
may settle Peaslees account and give him an order for the Ballance 
on that State or otherwise 



\Colonel Hazen to Colonel Bedel. Bedel Papers, p. 12.] 

Camp West point i6 th Oct r : 1780 

Dear Sir Inclosed is the Certificate you mentioned to me some 
time since, which altho Irregular ; yet I hope they will answer your 
purpose M r Lines or M r Torrey ought to have given M r Childs 
those Receipts ; But as that was omitted through the Neglect of 



382 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

somebody not me, I now stand Responsible for the whole, as I am 
obliged to Indemnify Robertson before he would sign the Receipt 
and to have signed them myself would have been Interfering with 
the Duty of the Issuing Comm'y or otherwise what would have been 
worse left it in the Power of those who may hereafter examine those 
accounts to suppose those articles were for my own private use 
let me Recommend to you and all others in future to keep your ac- 
counts clear and settle often I am amased to find that M r Childs 
should make any difficulty in settling the account I left with you for 
that purpose ; If he has not the money to take up his orders and 
receipts no reason why he should not settle for the oxen in some 
way or other so that the matter may be Clear, for if he does not I 
shall take the oxen from you be the Consequence what it will I 
beg you will on receipt of this apply again to him have the matter 
settled or let me know the reasons ; nothing short of the oxen or the 
full value will I accept Inded it is the oxen I must have at all 
events, having bought and paid for them sixteen months past I think 
J have a right to them now - 

I dare say that the people of Co'os are surprised that the trial of 
M r Tickenor has not yet been made Public. I am told by the Gen ls : 
Secretary that it is owing to those papers being sent away on the 
alarm in the Spring which they have not had opportunity to recover 
since but that they will now soon be at hand when the proceedings 
will be Published I must refer you to the bearer Cap* Aldridge for 
all the News Your Humb 1 Serv* 

Moses Hazen 

P. S. Gates is Recalled Greene succeeds him and Gen 1 : Heath 
Comad 3 at the West M : H : 

Col: Bedle 



[R. 6-63] 

[This document is a petition from Captain James Gray, of Epsom, 
for an allowance for the depreciation of his wages, dated October, 
1780. ED.] 



[R. 6-64] 

[This document is a letter from Joshua Young, dated Haverhill, 
November i, 1780, concerning his duties as issuing commissary to 
the troops on the western frontier. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 383 

[R. 6-65] {Concerning Peter Barter.] 

Fort Washington November 21, 1780. 

this may Serteyfi that Peater Barter a Solger in Coll Hails Rigmend 
Joined the matross company hear y e twentey seventh of July 1779 and 
then Drawed wagers till y e Last Day of Desembr 1779 then Lift 
the company till y e 4 of July 1780 then Enterd in Pay again 

pr Ebenzr Bearing Captn 



[R. 6-65] {Soldiers Discharged for want of Clothing^ 

Ira Beckwith new Levy Soldier in the 2 nd N Hamps r Reg* 
being rendered unfit for duty for want of Clothes is hereby Disch d 
the Service Issuing Com ys between this and new Hamp r will Issue 
Provisions to him up to the 23 rd Instant he giving propper Certificates 
when he last draw'd Given under my hand in Camp this 13 th day 
of Decemb r 1780 

Geo. Rei<i L* Col Comd 1 2 nd N. H. Regim* 

To whom it Concerns Civil & Military 

[R. 6-65 to 69] 

[Others were discharged about the same time and for the same 
reason. The following is an abstract of their names, date of dis- 
charge, and by whom the discharge is signed : 

Joseph Kent December 5, 1780 Col. Geo. Reid 

Peter Blaisdell " 13, " " " 

Nathan Dodge " 4, " Maj. Jason Wait 

Josiah M c Goon " 4, " " " 

Jacob Adams " 7, " Col. Geo. Reid 

Joseph Parsons " 5, " " " 

Dole Parsons " 7, " " " 

William Moore " 13, " " < k 

Benjamin Cross " 4, " Maj. Jason Wait 



The following named men were also discharged by Major Wait, at 
" Camp Soldiers Fortune, Dec. 6, 1780" : Luke Libbey, John Lov- 
ering, John Rollings, and, on December 4, William Roberson, 

Col. Joseph Cilley discharged the following at the same place : 
December 4, Nathan Carpenter, Samuel Davis ; December 6, Nathan 



384 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Hall, Asa Heath, Job Chadwick, Charles Geer ; December 13, 
Thomas Woodman. Colonel Cilley commanded the First New 
Hampshire Battalion, Colonel Reid the Second, and Major v Wait the 
Third. ED.] 



{Copy of Bedel to Hazen. Bedel Papers, p. 13.] 

Haverhill Dec r 4 th 1780 

Sir I Recev d yours by Cap* Aldrich in which you Desired me to 
state the accompt between us and send them the first oppertunity I 
had 

I am not abel to do it the Leather is now out of the Salts but M r 
Forster would not Take the Leather without a Survey and the Sur- 
veyor threw by about one Hundred aud fifty sides of soleather and I 
offered them to M r Forster at half price and he would not take them 
at that lay and I shall not let them go under and shall get them 
worked up if I Cant get that price for them the upper Leather we 
agreed about without a survey we find a mistake in the Number of 
Hides between forty and fifty and a"bout fifteen or twenty Delivered 
to the Indians by Gen 1 Bayleys order and I dont find he is like to get 
any money to settle [for] them But I have delivered to M r Forster 
about Three Hundred & Fifty pounds worth of Leather and the 
yard He was to give one Hundred pounds for Now I owe him fifty 
pounds toward the first payment and in april Five Hundred Dollars 
more in silver if you can pay the money so that M r Forster can be 
settled with to His Satisfaction I am Easey if not I must sell the Farm 
again for I dont see that I shall ever get any money for what is due 
to me from the public if I could I should have money to answer my 
purposes But this year is in Truth wors than the last I have de- 
livered in to Store not less than Ten Tuns of Flour and Twenty Five 
Head of Fatt Kattel and about Two Hundred Bushels peas and 
Three Hundred gallons of Rum and have, not received one shilling 
as yet But have Taken Maj r Childs Note for the same I desire to 
let the Soldery have any thing I have till the return of Gen 1 Bayley 
and then if I dont have some money for what I have don I desire to 
carry every bushel of my Grain of out of this place and my Children 
and Leave it to itself I have don more than every body in this 
Cuntery [meaning the Coos country, probably] But I should not have 
don so much by my own Judgment But on your Judgment I trusted 
and I have not so much money as would By a Drink of Grog But 
now I will leve the affair yet with you what is best to be done and 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 385 

shall endeavor to act for the best if I knew what it was You men- 
tioned in your Letter you should be glad I would settel with M r Peas- 
lee if I stop putting anything in to the store I could settel very well 
with him I have Receiv d of Him at the pond which I gott Cap 1 
Leavitt to Draw of about one Hundred and Eighty gallons of Bad 
french Rum Twenty Two Bushels Salt the salt is good M r White 
has had Seventy five Gallons of the Rum & Nine bushels of the Salt 
M r Merrill has had Forty Two gallons of the Rum the Remainder of 
the Rum and one yoak of your oxen I let Maj r Childs have in the 
Larrom hear for the use of the Troops M r Peaslee has never sent 
me any bill of any thing nor any of your Horses But has been hear 
for more He says you promised to send som to me for him I 
should be glad to know what your agreement was with M r Peaslee a 
Bout the Rum and Salt your Letter says (Mr Peaslee is to Deliver 
to you at Coos three Hundred gallons of good Rum and Fifty Bush- 
els of the best Rock Salt in June) if so very well let them Risk it 
Cap* Everett tells me som of the Terses wanted elevin Inches of 
being full and he would not stur them till I went and Bought Casks 
and drawd them of and I would not give him a Receipt for more than 
I Received so the affair stands now Sir I dont mean to Trobel you 
with smal affairs always but must in Justice to my self Trobel you 
once more with those Receipts Maj r Childs orders was to deliver 
every thing to the Commissary of Issues or their Commanding offi- 
cer if you will sign the Receipts well if not you may Destroy them 
for the Maj r will not do any thing about the affair without your Re- 
ceipt or the Commissarys So I thought best to send them Back if 
Robirson has any Receipts for Baggs of any of the Inhabitance send 
them to me I have heard he had I have not been able to settel any 
thing with Maj r Child as yet [There are three lines more which are 
so faded that I cannot decipher them. ED.] 

Tim Bedel 



[R. 6-70 to 73] 

[Return, or statement of the " Prices of Indian Corn Grass fed 
Beef and Sole Leather through the County of Rockingham for the 
year 1780," made by John Calfe, who was appointed by the General 
Assembly for that purpose. By this statement corn was $15 per 
bushel in January, and $45 in December, continental currency. 
Next follows a return from Hillsborough county, by Jacob Abbott, 
of Wilton ; a return from Strafford county, by John Burnam Hanson ; 
and one from Graf ton, by Charles Johnstone. ED.] 



2.1 



386 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



[LETTERS TO AND FROM HON. NATHANIEL 
PEABODY, 1780. 

The originals of the following letters, and some that are hereinbe- 
fore printed, were found about four years ago in a junk store, and 
were obtained from the finder by the State. It will be seen that only 
a portion of the correspondence has been saved, but as much of this 
is valuable, it has been deemed best to insert it in this volume. 

Mr. Peabody was at this time a member of Congress from this 
State, having been elected to that position March 25, 1779. 

In the spring of 1780, the affairs of the States were in a critical 
condition, the troops not more than half fed and clothed, and no 
money in the treasury. Congress resolved to elect a committee of 
its members to proceed to the headquarters of the army, then at 
Morristpwn, consult with General Washington and other officers, and 
plan and execute any schemes they might deem feasible to reduce 
expenses, provide means for the sustenance of the army, and gener- 
ally promote its efficiency. This committee was elected by ballot 
April 13, 1780, and consisted of Philip Schuyler, of New York, John 
Mathews, of South Carolina, and Nathaniel Peabody, of New Hamp- 
shire. The record of their proceedings in manuscript, comprising 
their correspondence, tables of apportionment of materials required 
from the several States to prosecute the war, etc., is in the possession 
of the New Hampshire Historical Society. It is a folio volume of 
354 pages, and in fine condition. This committee made a final report 
to Congress November i, 1780. An extended sketch of Mr. Peabody 
may be found in Farmer & Moore's Collections, Vol. III. He died at 
his home in Atkinson, N. H., June 27, 1823. ED.] 



[R. 6-76] [E. Thompson to N. Peabody.] 

Exeter March 2 d 1780 

Dear Sir. Last week I had the pleasure of receiving yours of the 
1 6 th of December last. I feel myself very much obliged to you for 
your kindness in forwarding the Blanks you mention, which I received, 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 387 

they were left at Exeter in my absence and as there was no line or 
note accompanying them (that I rec d ) I did not know by, what con- 
veyance they came I must acknowledge I stand in need of your 
Candour to excuse my long silence, but hope the knowledge you have 
of my Constant hurry, & attendance on the public Business will (at 
least) palliate the negligence. The General Court is now setting here 
and very Busy in making a new proportion among the several Towns 
for a Rule in paying Taxes, and indeed the payment of large Taxes 
(at least) nominally so becomes more and more necessary every day, 
the depreciation of the paper Bills is not less than Sixty for one in 
the year 1775 in this State. 

All the Taxes Called for the year past Continental and State will 
be insufficient to Cloath recruits, & pay but a small advance for de- 
preciation of wages to our Continental Batallions. 

A Committee of officers from our Batallions, with a Committee of 
the G Court have agreed on a Rule to settle the depreciation up to 
the first of January last, which appears to be Satisfactory to the army 
and the recruiting Business has gone on pretty well lately. The 
Deep Snows we have had for Two Months past has so far hindered 
Travelling that most of the news we have, is Manufactured among 
ourselves, however we are pretty well Supplied from day to day as 
by the time the falsity of one story is known there comes out a new 
one to supply its place. 

Please to present my Compliments to Gen 1 Folsom & M r Liver- 
more and accept the same yourself from 

your most Humble Serv 1 

Ebenezer Thompson 

Col Peabody 

[Colonel Nathaniel Peabody was at this time a member of the 
Continental Congress. ED.] 

[R. 6-77] 

Copy of a Letter from Folsom & Peabody to President Weare, 

1780 

Philad a March 4 th 1780 

We have the Hon r to Transmit you some extracts from y e Com- 
munications lately made by the minister of France respecting the 
disposition, & probable intentions, of the several Powers in Europe, 
whereby it will appear indispensibly necessary for the States to 
Exert every political nerve in preparing for a most vigorous Cam- 



388 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

paign the ensuing year, as well to Cooperate with our allies if neces- 
sary in offensive measures, as for the security and defense of these 
States We have no other recent intelligence from Europe worth 
Communicating Our finances tho' much deranged, are rather upon 
the recovery 

we most heartily regret the necessity of asking such extraordinary 
aid & efforts from our fellow Citizens as Congress have by their late 
resolves, with great reluctance been obliged to do 

The Spirited and Patriotic exertions of the State upon former 
occasions incourages us to hope they will not reject the proposed 
measures every one here has a Psalm, & Doctrine upon finance 
and whenever any important Conclusions Can with Certainty be Drawn 
shall do ourselves the Hon r of Transmitting the Earliest intelligence 

We have the Hon r to be Sir 
your most obed* oblig d and very Hum 1 Servts 

N. Folsom 
President Weare N. Peabody 



[R. 6-78] [Isaac Foster to Mr. Peabody.] 

Boston March IT, 1780 

Dear Sir I thought when I was at Philadilphia that two hun- 
dred thousand Dollars would be full little enough to compleat the 
purchases necessary for my Department the ensuing Campaign, and 
to pay the officers their salaries and subsistance, altho at that time I 
did not know how large the Demands from the officers properly 
authorized to Demand would be. I have since received from Doctor 
M c Knight Surgeon General of the middle Department and presiding 
at Fish Kill, a return of what is wanted at that Post, of which I 
inclose you a Copy, the articles for that Post, and for the Hospitals 
at Providence and Newport are mostly purchased but not all paid for, 
for want of money, those for Providence and Newport are sent on, 
those for Fish Kill will be forwarded as soon as the roads are pass- 
able, most of the officers of my Department are paid up to Decem- 
ber I, 1779, which has not only exhausted the money I received but 
obliged me to run in Debt, the Hospitals at Danbury and the flying 
Hospital are as yet not provided for, as I have not received from 
Doctor Turner Surgeon General of the Hospital, and from Doctor 
Burnett Physician and Surgeon General of the Army, returns of 
what will be wanted to answer their Demands, to discharge the offi- 
cers growing pay and Subsistance, and to pay for twelve regimental 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 389 

medicine Chests now just ready to be delivered to the Army, will 
require at least two hundred thousand Dollars more, besides which I 
am pressed by the Assistant Commissaries at the different Hospitals 
for money, to answer Contingent Expences, I should have urged for 
more money when I was last at Philadelphia, but as Congress was 
about stopping the Emissions, I choose rather to submit to some in- 
convenience than to embarrass them in so good a design, it is with 
great reluctance that I apply so frequently to Congress for money, 
but I cannot discharge my duty without it, and if the supplies are 
not furnished as called for, there are people enough ready to com- 
plain of me. I shall esteem it a Favour if you will communicate 
this letter to the medical Committee, and grant me your assistance 
in procuring the necessary supplies, of which, should Congress grant 
them, I should be glad to receive by the Bearer twenty thousand 
Dollars at Philadelphia, to be left with John Berrien Esq Commissary 
of Hospitals for this Department, and a warrant in my Favour for 
the remainder on the loan office here which I believe will be readily 
answered, the very pressing calls, and the Danger of the service 
suffering, oblige me to send M r Adams express upon this Business, 
and I doubt not you will give him every assistance in your Power, 
it is needless to urge his being dispatched as soon as possible, as you 
are no stranger to the expence of living at Philadelphia, please to 
present my Compliments to M r Lovel, M r Geary and the other Gen- 
tlemen of the House, not forgetting the ladies, and believe me to be 
with the sincerest respect and esteem 

your obedient and most humble serv* 

Isaac Foster D D G E D 
Honb 1 Nathaniel Peabody Esq 

P. S. I have wrote Doctor Holton on the same subject, lest one of 
you should be absent, the Service must suffer if I am not supplied 
immediately 

[Endorsed] Letter from D r Foster Rec d M h 26 80 p r Express 



[R. 6-79] 

Copy of Letters Sent to President Weare, Col. Langdon and Col. 
Bart let t Communication respecting Temple. 

Friday 3 C k P. M. i; th march 1780 Philad a 

Sir I have only time to observe that Congress this moment 
received the following information, and may probably be depended 



39O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

on viz. M r Temple is comming out with the following propositions to 
congress G. B. to acknowledge the Independence of all the States 
excepting S Carolina & Georgia, and that part of Massachusetts 
Bay called the province of Maine this together with S Carolina & 
Georgia to be given to G. Britain M r Temple to be allowed to 
draw for what sums of money he pleases The following propo- 
sitions were offered by the British King & rejected by M r Temple 
viz. the united States to join their arms with G. Britain ag* Spain if 
this can't be obtained the said States not to assist Spain against 
Britain, if this should be rejected then to make the best terms on 
this head he can 

This intelligence comes from Holland to a Gentleman of high rank 
in this city by a letter dated 29 Dec r The post waiting 

I am S r 

Copy N. P. 

Wrote Letters much of the same Tenor & Date to Col. Bartlett & 
to Speaker Langdon 



[R. 6-83] [Samuel Livermore to Nathaniel Peabody.} 

Dear Sir I this moment rec d yours of the Qth instant inclosing 
the Act. I del d your letter for M rs Peabody to Cap 4 Gile. The Gen 1 
Court is adjourned to the 7th June. Our Sup r Court sets the i6th 
May at Portsm The sum you mention shall be conveyed to M rs 
Peabody as soon as possible. I arrived in Exeter in 13 days without 
any material accident. I found the Gen 1 Court sitting & have at- 
tended to this time. I saw your family & del d your letters they are 
well. Consideration of sending a delegate is put off till June. In 
my opinion it would be well for you to meet us here when the Gen 1 
Court sits in June. 

In Greatest haste your most obed* Servant 

Exeter Ap r 29, 1780. Sam Livermore. 

Hon Col. Peabody 

As money is going to the Devil here I must think of paying you 
for the mare on your return sell the horse if you please or do as you 
please with him. My love to all the family male & female 

Note. Partridge overtook us at Morristown where we had waited 
a day but he soon fell behind. His horse entered a protest against 
hard riding 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 39! 

[Superscribed] To The Hon ble Nath 1 Peabody Esq Member of Con- 
gress now at Morris Town [The word Philadelphia is crossed] Rec d 
May 1 8 th J. L. 

[Impression of his SQc n wax on the letter is in good condition. 
ED.] 



[R. 6-84] [/. Love II to Mr. Peabody.} 

May 1 6, 1780 

Dear Sir I send what you wrote for to M rs Clarke to whom I 
shall pay 20 Doll rs on y r account. 

I need not say any Thing of foreign News as you have had the 
Marq s de Fayette with you. 

Every Thing looks well from abroad ; but, Good Lord ! how is it 
at Home ? I shall miss the post if I do not close 

y r dear Sir 

J. Lovell 



[R. 6-85] [Mr. Gerry to Mr. Peabody^ 

Philadelphia i6 th May 1780 

My Dear Sir I shall use every Measure that is proper, for 
obtaining y e Payment of your Warrant, & would have you give your- 
self no Concern about any Inconveniences on my Side, whether it is 
paid or not. I very luckily met with an opportunity of selling a 
Draught for y e greatest part of y e Money required to discharge my 
Congressional Bills, & would have drawn for y e Money wanted by 
yourself, had it been possible to make sale of another Draught. I 
shall send Mr Shelden to y e several Boards, quarter Masters, Com- 
missary s &c &c for a Conveyance of your Chest to Camp, but know 
not of any advantage you can derive from y e Horse at Hiltzhiemen, 
as there is no Baggage here, belonging to yourself, excepting what 
is contained in your Chest & Boxes. I inclose you y e latest Papers, 
and remain with esteem yours sincerely [Signature torn off.] 

P. S. Should you write a line to Congress as before hinted for y e 
payment of your Warrant, & inclose to me y e Letter, I can deliver it 
or not, as occasion may require I propose to leave y e City next 
week 

Hon a Mr Peabody 

[Endorsed] from M r Gerry May 1780 



392 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-86] [Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody.] 

May 19, 1780 

Dear Sir -- Y rs of i6 th I rec d i; th by M r Mathews The picture in 
it is indeed a black one ; and very singularly unwelcome at this Time 
as we appear from it to be in danger of losing a most glorious opportu- 
nity to cooperate with the aids sent by our good ally. There is a sadly 
obstinate Contest against every extra power to be given to any Com- 
mittee or Individual for the purpose of essential Dispatch. Some- 
thing however is now in Train which doubtless you will know more 
accurately from M r Mathews. You can have no Idea to what mean 
Distress I am reduced for want of money. I cannot get a Dollar 
from the Treasury or sell a Bill upon Sight. I have many Chagrins 
in the domestic way which are fit only for a Tete a Tete I suspect 
that Magdalen has not had a line from "the most honest Man that 
ever was in a Camp." I hope you have never touched upon the 
Topic of "pretended addresses. " Y rs 

J. L. 
[Endorsed] from M r Lovell may- 1780 

[Impression on seal is a ship under sail. ED.] 



[R. 6-87] [Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody.] 

May 30 th 1780 - 

Dear Sir you will, eer this reaches you, have had many Reports 
of grand Doings in our favor at Charlestown but nothing absolute is 
here known except that Fort Moultrie is in the Hands of the Enemy. 
We do not venture to assert that there has been a second assault 
upon the Lines. Col. White & Col. Washington have escaped after 
being "surprized " * by the Enemy. They swam their Horses over 
Santee River the deepest & most rapid thereabout I pity poor 
Lincoln ; but really I do not yet give up Charlestown. 

We must reserve for more laughable Times several matters which 
have turned up near Home. Broadhunt [?] is returned, and is going 
to live in Baltimore. Tr n will not see a Body on the oppo- 
site side of a narrow Street But I cease I am running into Tete 
a Tete Subjects. 

* The Letter writer should have said overtaken as they were returning with prisoners and had actually 
embarked them. 



VAU 
REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 393 

I have p d Shield. But I have got not a Line from M r H nor 

one Half Joe from Boston Y rs affectionately 

J. L. 

[Superscribed] Hon ble Nathaniel Peabody Esq r Member of Congress 
now at Head Quarters Morris Town 



[R. 6-89] [Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody.] 

June 15 th 1780 

Dear Sir I was two days ago much obliged by the Receipt of 
your Favor of the io th Congress has this day by a circular Letter 
sanctified the measures you had adopted in Com tee I own I think 
the Call upon Mass, very heavy but the Crisis of Things seems to 
point it out as indespensible. The paper which I send in print is as 
good for your information as if it had Thompsons sanction. Col. 
Terrant [?] arrived yesterday and Gen 1 Lincoln may be hourly ex- 
pected If no misfortune takes suddenly place upon our army at 
Morris Town, we shall do very well, upon Supposition that the other 
States rouse as much as this appears to have done. Gen 1 Gates is 
ordered to the Southward. I wish I knew what were Gen 1 Washing- 
tons Intentions in regard to him I know a letter was sent on from 
Head Quarters about 10 Days ago but whether it was only a Letter 
of Intelligence from the Gen. or an order I cannot guess. My Son 
will deliver this and repay what you was so very kind and fatherly as 
to furnish him with in his late Embarrassment on his way hither. 
He is prodigiously grown since I left him at home. He is quite 
young in his manners a Colt without Education a sample of the 
Injury w ch arives to my Family from my long absence. I regret more 
than ever that I cannot return : but our affairs are now such that I 
should feel as if I was sneaking away from the Burthen of them, if I 
paid such attention just at this time to my private concerns bad very 
bad as they are described to be : I will first see public matters mended. 
We live here not quite so pleasingly as when you was an eye witness 
and could praise our Situation, in a confidential midnight Tete a Tete. 
We are of six Sorts. No Returns of men or Provisions at the dif- 
ferent periods of the seige of Charlestown are come to Hand, so that 
you can have nothing new beyond what Rivington has given. 

The Enemy are at Liberty to put down great Numbers for the 
Garrison because all the Citizens are rated like militia in the Spirit of 
the Capitulation but Col. Ternant says that there were not above 900 



394 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

(nine hundred) armed militia and about 2000 called Continentals 
They had been 3 days without meat and had but little store of Rice. 
They were treated with all the Ceremonies due to the troops of an 
Independent Nation, in the arrangements consequent upon Gen. Lin- 
coln's last printed letter in which he desires that persons might be 
appointed for such purposes and which was granted though Rivington 
does not give the Result. 

M r Laurens is not yet gone from North Carolina. I believe we 
shall empower M r Adams or M r Dana to take up the Business till 
M r Laurens shall be on the spot to execute his Commission. 

I cannot scrawl on without neglecting Wife &c &c 

Your affectionate 

[Endorsed] from M r Lovell June 15-1780 J. L. 



[R. 6-91] {President Weare to Mr. Peabody] 

Hampton falls July 2 d 1780 

Dear Sir I have just Received your favor of the 24 th of June 
giving me an account of the situation of our Army, and of the action 
on the 23 d for which I am much Obliged to you ; It is long since I 
received any letter from you except as one of the Com tee However 
I can excuse it knowing how much you must be engaged in matters 
of the greatest importance : 

But I could wish that you would even borrow part of a sleeping hour 
to let me know by every Opportunity the situation of our Army and 
Military Operations at this Critical Moment, about which I am very 
anxious, and nothing can be depended on by common information ; 
shall therefore be greatly Obliged to you to give me as frequent 
information as you can how matters go on. I have not time to write 
any thing of private affairs, and indeed our public affairs seem at 
present to demand the whole attention of every one. I can only add 
that I am with much Esteem and Respect 

Y r Ob* Hum le Ser* 
Col Peabody M. Weare 

[Endorsed] from Col Weare with the answer July 1780 Rec d 22 d 
1780 answered 25 th by M r Emery 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 395 

[R. 6-93] [Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody^ 

Sunday 22 d July, 80 

Dear Sir I called again the 3O th time upon y r Syringe-maker and 
he told me that he had "quite forgot all about it"; without even 
renewing his old Lye, that he would set to work upon the next day. 
I blessed his Impudence, and thus have dropped the affair. The 
Bearer you doubtless know Doct r Cochran a Thought struck me 
from seing his Behavior to the Family of Bethlehem, particularly to 
the Virgin, that he is quite capable of giving anecdotes that may be 
depended on. 

There are easy moments in which you may put Questions founded 
in a Pride of your own Judgment and without any Expectation of 
ever having again any thing to do with them I wish to know all I 
can, before I quit : an agreeable plan is formed, an House only is want- 
ing ; when that is obtained we shall move. In the mean Time 
Face is the Parole of our party. My newly arrived Colleagues are 
out of all patience with the Situation in which they find matters in 
their Lodgings I find there is still a serious thought of Maj r W Ik r, 
tho' I believe he has not wrote a Line since he left the odd Fancy here. 

I take for granted that you. know at Head Quarters all that is com- 
municated here. The Report of this Day is that the English Ships 
have sailed from New York. If so, I should think that cowardly 
Villains of magnitude, in that City, would be now trying to purchase 
their peace of us by giving our General the fullest Information of all 
Things going on there I shall be particular in keeping any anec- 
dotes you may send about P. D. to myself. I think considering your 
unfixed state you had best btLrn this and all like it. 

your Friend & humble Serv* 

Hon ble Nathaniel Peabody ' J. L. 

[Endorsed] from M r Lovell, Rec d 28 answ d 29 



[R. 6-94] [Copy of Letter. Mr. Peabody to President WeareJ] 

Camp Preakness July 25 th 1780 

Sir The 22 d ins 1 I was hon'd by your very obliging favour of the 
2 d acknowledging the Rec* of my letters of the 24 th ulto you ob- 
serve that it had been long since you had had one from me before, 
but make a generous excuse for me, yourself. You will give me leave 
to assure you sir nothing except being personally with a friend could 



39^ REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

equal the satisfaction I feel upon receiving letters from my friends 
when at a distance and consequently am proportionaly in addressing 
them, and tho I have been obliged from utter necessity to neglect 
addressing my friends when my inclination urged to the performance, 
yet I have wrote a number of letters to them upon various occasions, 
some of which were upon very interesting subjects and which from 
y e Rec 1 thereof not having been acknowledged, & other Circum- 
stances, renders it more than probable have took a different rout from 
what I intended perhaps where they may have given information to 
those that it had been better for us they had remained ignorant. This 
circumstance has prevented me from making observations in letters 
to my friends that I otherwise should Once in a great while I get 
a line from New Hampshire. Last winter I did myself the hon r of 
addressing you upon the subject of having a post office in Exeter 
and inclosed a Certificate from the Postmaster Gen 1 that he had 
given positive orders to M r Hazzard to establish a post office there 
and to appoint M r Jo s Oilman Postmaster and to direct the Post 
Rider to take his rout accordingly but to my no small surprise am 
informed by M r Emery that no such Change had taken place I also 
wrote you in the m of March 2 long letters upon various subjects, 
and at the same time addressed Col. Bartlett but by a letter just 
Rec d from that Gent 1 Conceive he never Rec d them I was very 
happy upon seeing M r Emery but more so upon being fully advised 
of the great exertions of that State at this important Crisis he is 
appointed by the Quarter master Gen 1 and Commissary Gen 1 to re- 
ceive all y e supplies from that State &c and I must beg leave to 
refer you to that Gent 1 for information upon that head. 

The fatigues incident to a faithful discharge of the trust reposed 

in me and in reflections upon the embarrassed situation of our 

public affairs hath considerably injured my health but hope when the 
rays of prosperity shall have brightened a little more, that I can 
afford a degree of relaxation sufficient to remedy this evil My most 
sincere regards to the Gent ln of the Com tee of Safety. 

I sensibly feel for y e distress of y e Citizens, & of them in particu- 
lar for they have undertaken an arduous Task a great & necessary 
work. I wish them to be strong and Courageous and the Lord shall 
prosper them - Yours 

Presd* Weare 

Copy not exact I mentioned my uncertainty whether I was con- 
tinued &c &c 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 397 

[R. 6-95] [Colonel Abeel to Mr. Peabody.] 

Morris Town 26 th July 1 780 

Sir I received your Letter concerning the Sulkey but as I have 
been disappointed in getting the Wheels finished untill a day or to 
ago, and they are now painting, I would not send it down, however 
soon as they are dry I shall either come myself or send a Person so 
as you may see it I am in the mean time S r 

Your most H ble Serv 1 

Ja s Abeel D Q M Gen 1 
Nathaniel Peabody Esq Head Quarters 



[R. 6-96] [Mr. Brasher to Mr. Peabody.'] 

Camp 28 th July 1780 

Dear Sir ; I hope this will find you at Morris in a better state of 
health than when you left us, if not, that the change of air and a 
freedom from the perplexities of public business will both contribute 
to its reestablishment in a short time. Yesterday the army had 
orders to hold itself in readiness to march at the shortest notice. I 
believe you did not hear this before you left us Peacock the bearer, 
is sent to Morris to procure the follows articles be so kind as to 
direct him 2 saddle cloaths 3 or 4 padlocks 4 rolls of black 
balls, some hair powder some pomatum a p r of shoe brushes 
and any other articles which you may judge necessary for the use of 
the committee Let me beseech you to be totally disengaged from 
the thought of public & private business a solicitude about 
either will be injurious to you and believe me I am too much your 
friend to wish you should neglect anything which may contribute to 
the recovery of that, without the enjoyment of which, life drags on 
heavily. 

We have received nothing material since your departure, no mate- 
rial occurrence has turned up worthy of your notice if any thing 
should, opportunities will not be wanting, I shall do myself the pleas- 
ure of making the communication present my best respects, if you 
please, to our friends at Morris I wish you may be happy among 
them, and believe me, interested in your health and welfare, to be 
Dear Sir Your sincere friend & most humble serv* 

Col Peabody Ab. Brasher 



3Q8 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

General Schuyler desires if M r King has no boots & leather 
breeches, you will be pleased to give an order to Robinson for a p r of 
each, on the Cloathier generals store. 

[Superscribed] Col Nathaniel Peabody, Morristown ^ M r W m 
Peacock 

[Colonel Abraham Brasher was a member of the general committee 
of the State of New York. ED.] 



[R. 6-97] {Colonel Brasher to Mr. Peabody.} 

Head quarters 29 th July 1 780 

Dear Sir I am to inform you that this morning about 3 oclock 
the Army moved forward on its way to King's ferry, by the Paramus 
rout General Schuyler desired me to give you this information and 
expressed a wish that you would be pleased to come as soon as possi- 
ble, if your health will permit There is nothing new here, except 
this movement Be pleased to present my love to my family, and 
my best respects to my friends, and believe me to be with sincere 
wishes for your health Dear Sir Your sincere friend and most humble 
servant Ab. Brasher 

P. S. You will be pleased to excuse brevity, as I am in haste 
must just add, your baggage is forward with us 

[Endorsed] from Col Brasher July 1780. 



[R. 6-98] [Colonel Brasher to Mr. Peabody.] 

Head quarters, Paramus, 29 th July 1780 

Dear Sir ; I wrote you a few lines this morning, informing you 
that the Army was in motion it halted here to day, and is under 
orders to proceed by 9 o'clock, tomorrow morning on its rout to king's 
ferry. Thus my dear Sir, we are encreasing our easting from you, 
and I hope we shall have the pleasure of seeing you soon, if your 
health will permit it. Be pleased to present my respects to Col Rem- 
sen and his Lady, and to my good friends in general I am dear sir 
with esteem Your most obedient Serv* 

Ab. Brasher 
Hon'ble Nathaniel Peabody Esq r 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 399 

R. 6-99] \Benjamin Brown to Colonel Peabody ^\ 

Head Quarters Peekskill Aug* I st 1780 

Dear Sir I have just time to inform you, that we had liked to 
have lost every thing that was in the Cover'd Waggon but fortu- 
nately only part of the waggon fell in the River near the shoar, and 
only wetted the Bottom of the paper Chest, and the under part of 
yours which induced Col Brasher & myself to break it open with the 
advice of the Committee, and found a few of your Cloathing a little 
wet I have spread them out to dry this accident happen'd in cross- 
ing the River All our sugar and tea is gone. If you should see or 
hear of Col Blane it would not be amiss to have a fresh supply. 

Lord Sterlings Baggage waggon two of Col Biddies & one of G 

were all over set in the middle of the River I suppose every thing 
is so wett, that they will be good for little I have heard of no other 
accidents If you can make out without discommoding yourself to 
pay M r Thomas what I owe him I would take it as a very particular 
favour, as he will think very hard of me in keeping him out of his 
money so long It is said the enemy have returned to New York 
This is a distressed place for horses no grass no hay nor no 
short forage I shall take particular care to pack up your things 
again as soon as they are dry 

I am yours &c 
Col Peabody Benj n Brown 



[Nathaniel Peabody to Josiah Bartlett. Manuscript Collections, 
N. H. Historical Society.'} 

Copy Morristown August 6 th 1780. 

Dear Sir, I have been lately favoured with your letter of the 13 th 
May last (it went to Philadelphia, and I found it on its journey back 
to the eastward) acknowledging my letters of the 8 th of February, and 
17 th of March last. Since which I have wrote you two very long let- 
ters, respecting various subjects ; in one I informed you of my being 
unexpectedly appointed one of a committee to a most disagreeable, 
arduous service, and requested you to continue to write me as often 
as possible, and promised in return, to give a line as frequent as my 
circumstances would by any means permit. And you will readily 
judge, that the business assigned the committee, has been more than 
sufficient to occupy the greatest mind, and engross the whole atten- 
tion. It has not been for want of true and real regard to you, and 



4OO REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

many others, that I have not wrote much oftener. For some time 
past, I have scarce wrote to my family once a month. 

I cannot omit observing the manner in which your letter is con- 
cluded, you say, "I am without quiting old friends for new" &c, 
which mode of expression being to me new, I am entirely at a loss 
what ideas were meant thereby to be conveyed, for I never intimated, 
or even had a single thought, that you had so done, But if it is meant 
to imply a charge, I am still in more than three fold darkness about 
the matter, as I am totally ignorant which part of my conduct could 
warrant the suggestion, more especially with respect to you, Sir, in 
particular. However it is now time to begin my letter. I have been 
in camp from the latter end of April last, till since M r Emery returned 
home, during which time the Army underwent several changes ; they 
know what it is to want, but not to abound. I have seen them envi- 
roned in almost every species of distress. Though things begin to 
look a little more favourable. The Army increases fast, and a tol- 
erable prospect, all circumstances considered, of supplies. But I am 
not without great anxiety for the event of this campaign. There are 
many contingencies on which the fate depends. Besides which, there 
are, generally found, men in the councils of every nation, and people, 
who find means, under some plausible pretext or other, to render the 
best concerted plans abortive. Can we suppose the councils of 
America more virtuous, or her plans less vulnerable, than those of 
other nations ? Whenever anything decisive and important is set on 
foot ; designing men will always find out a Diana, or some o a- 

vorite Goddess, in danger, and under her banners, with great zeal, 
alarm even the honest and well meaning among the citizens, and ex- 
cite them violently to oppose the measure, such envious zeal, and ma- 
levolent practices, ensure to the authors great confidence and applause, 
not only from the devotees to the invaded goddess, but many well 
meaning citizens, who suffer themselves to be led blindfold by their 
machinations ! This my friend is a lamentation, and shall be had for 
a lamentation ! Johnson's golden shrines may have made proselites to 
his master. Who knows the power of gold ? You and I, my friend, 
have not had the chance of knowing by diabolical experience : if we 
had, I will venture to assert, it would not have influenced us in the 
manner I have but too much reason to believe it has some others, 
in whose power it is to do us much harm. 

America has it in her power, speedily, to put an end to this cruel 
and bloody war. If it is not done, ought there not to be an enquiry 
who has been the means of procrastinating the happy hour of peace 
and independence ? I once read of a people, who were led by a cloud ; 
and I have known a people whose grand, multiformed, san he drin 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 4OI 

were often times in the midst of a fog. You will judge how dissimi- 
lar their situations I see a fog, or cloud, rising with a fire in the 
midst, which, if not soon dispelled, and extinguished, will in all proba- 
bility, greatly distress the army, if not totally mar the proposed oper- 
ations of this campaign ! 

The only object we can now have in view, must be to raise a n 
establish an Army for the war. Which must be done upon a perma- 
nent basis. The terms must be, both honourable, and profitable. 

Can we expect men any longer to encounter every species of hard- 
ship, and danger, to fight our battles, without a prospect of some 
other reward, than cold, hunger, poverty, and disgrace ? 

The raising of men by draft, or otherwise, for short terms, has been 
found burthensome to the citizens ; and ruinous to the Army. We 
have always two Armies to feed and pay. vast numbers continually 
coming and going, which sad experience has taught us, serves only to 
take off the honest husbandman from improving his farm ; lessen th e 
produce of the earth ; exhaust your treasury ; destroy your arms ; 
waste your ammunition ; expend the magazines of provisions ; 
greatly increase the necessity, but diminish the means of trans- 
portation. 

In short it deranges every system, and renders calculations alto- 
gether uncertain. Upon this mode of proceeding, you can never have 
an Army in the field, by any means proportionable to the expense, or 
adequate to the indispensable demand of the service. For all this 
enormous toil and expense, what have we in return ? A few raw un- 
disciplined troops, raised for a short period ; by the time they are in- 
ured to a camp life, and with great fatigue to the officers, and 
expense to the United States, a little disciplined, and become in a de- 
gree martialists, capable of rendering service, the terms for which 
they were enlisted, expire ! The Army derives but very little addi- 
tional strength from such recruits. Such aid must nevertheless be 
sometimes called forth, in cases of urgent necessity, but as auxiliaries 
only. They must not be too much depended on. The cause deserves 
other means for support. America has it in her power to furnish 
those means. The exigencies of the time, render it indispensible. 
For was it possible, in the nature of things, that our cause could be a 
little longer supported, in this way, without hazarding the loss of our 
allies ; the increase of our enemies ; and missing the golden op- 
portunity for establishing our independence ; the resources of the 
country would be incompetent for the purpose. The mines of Peru 
would scarce supply your treasury. The community could not long 
endure it. 



4O2 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Can we, upon rational grounds, expect to pursue the war, with 
vigour, and success, or to negotiate a peace to advantage, while in our 
present labarynth ? 

Our enemies, foreign and domestic fully comprehend our situation : 
They know where we are vulnerable, and where not. Can we expect 
new friends will rise up to our support ? Let us but have an army in 
the field, upon a proper establishment, such as the nature and impor- 
tance of the service absolutely demands, and America fully capable to 
furnish, and my life on the issue, such decisive measures being pur- 
sued on our part, other nations, convinced we are determined to be 
free, will step forth to our aid, and check the carear of our enemies : 
which will compel them, within and without, at home and abroad, in- 
stantly to relinquish all pretentions of conquest, and to sue for peace, 
almost on our own terms. 

The whole dependence of our enemy for success, has not, for a long 
time been on the real weakness of America, but upon ruining our 
finances, which is well nigh compleated, and on our not having an 
army, properly established, in the field. It might not be improper to 
observe, in this place, that the usual calculations in all Armies, are, 
that a much greater proportion of men die by sickness, within the 
first four months of their entering a camp life, than for four years 
after that term is expired. 

It might also be observed, that the usual disparity in pay, given to 
persons who turn out for a short time, and to the regular troops, can- 
not fail to impress the most disagreeable ideas among those who are 
engaged during the war. 

But why should I trouble you, thus much with my thoughts upon a 
matter with which you are so fully acquainted ; especially, as I am 
sure your knowledge of public affairs, and daily observation, must 
suggest to your mind, ideas more adequate to the subject in question. 

If I have been ung [remainder obliterated] in expressing my sen- 
timents, your candour will impute it to zeal, and not to a want of rec- 
titude of intention. 

I cannot conclude, without mentioning the high sense I entertain 
of the honor and merit due to that State, for its decisive and spirited 
exertions at this critical, and alarming juncture : It is confessed by 
many that not another State in the union has a claim to higher, if 
there is one to equal merit, with the State of New Hampshire, upon 
this occasion. 

It is, at present, my fixed determination, that nothing but a want 
of health shall prevent my coming home in all September. I have 
been in this place about a week in hopes that a little relaxation from 
business, may aid in restoring me to a tolerable state of health. 






REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 403 

At present, my situation is rather unfavourable. In addition to the 
pulmonic complaint I formerly had, behold a hectic grins me full in 
the face; and thongh my pale front at this time is less brazen than 
usual ; yet I am fully determined to parry the insults, and baffle the 
assaults of that grim tyrant. 

You will please to make my best compliments to M rs Bartlett, and 
to the president and gentlemen of the council of safety. 

I am, Dear Sir, With great esteem, Your sincere friend, 

most obedient and very humble serv* 

Nath 1 Peabody 

The honourable Josiah Bartlett Esq. 



[R. 6-100] [Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody.] 

Aug. 8 th 1780 

Dear Sir I am sorry you are so unwell The Post Rider has y r 
Boots, or rather has a pair made for Somebody Else but such as 
Roney thinks must suit you exactly except the whim of the Gutter 
Seame, which He thinks could not be trusted to one Journeyman in 
twenty and nine tenths of the old ones are gone privateering. He 
will take the Boots back if they do not suit but he cannot find 
other Legs that he would recommend. 

You will give your Directions about payment 2 Guineas or the 
Exchange which is 70 at lowest I paid a hard Doller for a Tumbler 
yesterday because I would not pay 75 Will Col. Pickering be aided 
as he ought to be or will he be obstructed by a formidable Combi- 
nation of Malignants calling themselves Whigs & Patriots ? 

I make no Comment upon the Necessity which was imposed upon 
the Public of a new Choice J. L. 

[Superscribed] Hon ble Nath 1 Peabody, Jersies To the particular 
care of the Post Rider James Lovell 



[R. 6-101] \Noah Emery, Jr., to Mr. Peabody. ~] 

Exeter 12 th Aug st 1780 

Dear Sir According to your desire I called on M r Hobart at 
Hartford for your Chest, he was gone out of Town with the Key of 
his Store not to Return under 2 or 3 days by which means could not 
get sight of it, the State Waggons were also gone to Camp before I 



404 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

got Home but I have Sent your order to Leavitt (by Cap 1 Guile who 
has gone forward with a Drove of Horses) with Directions to get the 
Chest & bring it home. I have Enquired of our friend Dudley 
Respecting the appointment of new Delegates, he says they don't 
superceed you (but your Standing is as before) which you will see by 
the Inclos'd Copy. Dudley promised to write you but could not get 
time to put pen to Paper, but be assured you have his Best Wishes 
The Committee seem to be well pleased with my appointment, but I 
fear they will neglect to write for the others you mentioned to me 
(unless you desire it of them by writing) there is no forage yard, no 
Issuing Com y no Hospital no Post Office Established in Exeter and I 
fear never will be so that business may be done here in a Regular 
Manner But Beg of you to Have them all fixed if Possible as 
you know the absolute Necessity of them at this time M r Hazzard 
has Condesended so far as to have the mail opened at Hampton 
(which has not been done yet) Thus you see how this State is Im- 
posed on by a few Individuals, Either for want of Spirit in the 
Authority or properly Exercising what they Have Shall be much 
oblig'd to you for the Resolves of Congress Respecting the Com^ & 
Q M r Departments you will please to Excuse the freedom I take 
in writing & believe me with the greatest Esteem & Regard Dear Sir 

your most obed* H ble Serv* 

Noah Emery Ju r 

[Endorsed] From Noah Emery Jur. with a vote of the State 
Aug 1 80 

[Addressed] Hon ble Nathaniel Peabody Esq r Head Quarters. 



[R. 6-102] [Mr. Peabody relative to Post-office at Exeter .] 

Morristown 3O th Aug' 1780 

Sir I have just rec d a letter from the president of the State of 
New Hamp r Complaining exceedingly, that nothing is yet done 
with respect to establishing a post office in Exeter and directing the 
Post rider that way he observes that he had lately seen M r Haz- 
zard but obtained nothing further than only that M r Hazzard had 
condesended to promise that the presidents Letters should be so put 
up, as to be left at Hampton falls ! ! I leave you Sr. to Judge 
whether this was all the State had reason to expect from what had 
passed between you & me upon that Subject, and now Sir I have 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 405 

only to ask a particular favour that you will be so very obliging as to 
inclose to me your explicit determination upon the premises, that the 
state may know what to rely upon and take her measures accordingly, 
for unless something is done the state will immediately remonstrate 
against paying one farthing for the support of the office you will 
pardon my being thus urgent upon the occasion, as it is a duty I owe 
to the State, and I am censured for not having the matter sooner 
settled. The presidents Letter is very long & upon a variety of 
important subjects or I would have sent it to you. The Hon ble M r 
Mathews who will deliver this letter will take Charge of any answer 
you shall be pleased to give. 

I have the hon r to be &c 
Richard Beache Esq r 

[Endorsed] Copy of a letter to M r Beache Aug 4 30 - 80 



[R. 6-103] [Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody.~\ 

Sept r 5 th 1780 

Dear Sir I was much relieved from anxiety about you, by the 
Receipt of your Litter yesterday dated two days before. And I was 
further most seasonably relieved from a Portion of Chagrin into 
which I had been thrown by accounts from my Family mortifying in 
every View " my Wife my only Daughter & my oldest Son in 
their Beds, the first having been bled twice, on the same day ; the 
rest of the Family wanting not only Comforts, but necessaries 
having in vain attempted to borrow even of the Great Man." Your 
Friendship proffered to me in such a critical Hour had great effect 
in dissipating my Chagrin. I afterwards rec d a Letter from Doct r 
Holten dated at Boston which was proof that, so far as money could 
answer my Family was relieved on the i8 th of the month. We 
have but ill news from the Southward though I am persuaded we 
have it worse than the facts are. Gates was very ill many days 
before the action and his Conduct after it appears to spring from 
Paine I shall be sorry to find him anything worse than mistaken. 
We are just at this Period behind-hand, but things will brighten. 
Mathews tells us that we are to have no offensive opperations this 
year. I am sorry for it. We must aim to get a stable medium or we 
shall not even have defensive, and it seems to be the Disposition of 
some great merchants here to damn all attempts towards a fixt Cur- 
rency. I wish you would be more explicit as to y r views of moving, 



406 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

perhaps I may be y r Companion eastward, tho I should like to see 
the End of Ar. Lee's affairs here. 

Y rs affectionately 

J. L. 
[Addressed] Free Hon ble M r Peabody at Morris Town 

[Endorsed] Sep' 5 Letter from M r Lovell Rec d Sep* 2/ th 



[R. 6-104] [Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody.] 

Sept r 12 th 1780 

Dear Sir Yours of the 8 th reached me yesterday. I am glad to 
find you are in some degree on the Recovery. You make me soli- 
citous to spend some midnights with you in reciprocal Communica- 
tions about the Saints in general & Mary in particular. We had a 
good Plan of Living w th Col. Pickering which is destroyed. 

We have no prospect of getting out of our present indecent Situ- 
ation, where we are liable to have the Discredit of all the loud bois- 
terous profane and tawdry Language that flows out of our Parlour 
Windows, as well as to Chagrins very numerous [of] other Kinds. I 
presume you may have seen Gen 1 Gate's Letter of Aug. 20 at 
length. You must also have heard Flings at his Conduct - 

111 Luck I fear will do away his past meritorious Deeds. 'I wish he 
had stuck with the Continentals and have left the Militia to be rallied 
by their own particular officers. You do not say whether you intend 
to Visit here. I suppose you know that M r Sullivan is come Delegate, 
& Agent in the Vermont Business, as to the little dry Body I find 
it very spunging, it must be thrown aside, especially as it was never 
necessary others of an opposite* nature being close at hand. I must 
not go to other Subjects. I shall lose the Post. 

Yours affectionately 

J. L. 

[Endorsed] from M r Lovell Sep* 12, 1780 Rec d Sep* 14 th 



[R. 6-105] [Major Gibbs to Mr. PeabodyJ] 

Head Quarters Bergen County Sept r i6 th 1780 
Dear Sir On my arrival here, after I had the pleasure of seeing 
you, I mentioned to His Excellency [General Washington] what you 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 407 

desired me, respecting the Camp furniture you was so obliging as to 
offer for the use of his family. 

He told me he would be glad to have them, as they would be of 
service during the Campaign. 

I will not mention the particular articles wanted, but should be 
glad you would order on all that are good and fit for use of the 
different kinds. We have nothing new in this quarter, the General 
and family are well, wishing you a full reestablishment of your 
health, I have the honor to be with great Respect Dear Sir 
your most obed* hum 1 Servant 

C. Gibbs 

P. S. I should be much obliged to you to forward the inclos d 
The Hono 1 Nath 1 Peabody Esq 

[Addressed] The Hon ble Nathan 1 Peabody Esq r Morris Town 
[Endorsed] from Major Gibbs Sept 1780 



[R. 6- 1 08] [Mr. Peabody to General Greene. ~\ 

Copy Morristown Sep r i8 th 1780 - 

Dear Sir' Your agreeable favour of the 6 th instant came safe to 
hand the 8 th and I should have done myself the pleasure of ac- 
knowledging it much sooner, had it not been that I waited in hourly 
expectation to receive some intelligence from M r Mathews which 
might be worth your reading, but alas, I am disappointed, for tho he 
has wrote me several letters, he has omitted giving me the informa- 
tion I wish to obtain. 

Nothing in my present situation, except seeing and Conversing 
with my friends, could be more agreeable than receiving letters from 
them, and give me leave to assure you sir there is not one among the 
few I dare at this day call friends whose Correspondence I should 
higher value, or whose letters would be more eagerly and Gratefully 
Embraced than those you shall at any time favour me with. The very 
polite and affectionate manner in which you have expressed your 
wishes respecting my health and welfare cannot fail to impress on a 
generous mind indelible sentiments of friendship and excite grate- 
ful returns 

When with horror I contemplate the ill timed and worse calculated 
revolutions alluded to in your letter, the Convulsions they must 
occasion and the train of distressing embarrassments that will con- 



408 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

sequently result therefrom, I am overwhelmed with astonishment, 
and filled with holy indignation at the parracidical Conduct of the 
authors. The "thing" for Conducting your late department appeared 
in bye Corners, and your letter of resignation thereupon sent to Con- 
gress before I left Camp and I have the satisfaction of reflecting 
That I then fully Joined with my Coleagues in representing to Con- 
gress the probable Consequences of your resignation, and of making 
a Change of men or measures at so late a period in the Campaign, 
and have shared largely in the hon r of being Censured for giving our 
sentiments upon the subject and have to regret our sentiments had 
not then been more fully expressed, in language emphatical as the 
subject is important, which would then as now have satiated my 
mind. 

When with a distressed Army, and injured Country, I condole the 
loss of your abilities in the Q. M. Gen. Department at the same 
time I do most Cordially Congratulate you as a friend, a Gentleman a 
Gen 1 in our Army, on the happy occasion of your being freed from 
an office the duties of which you had faithfully discharged with so 
much toil and fatigue, and which had ended in discontent and un- 
merited disgrace But let me add I feel a degree of solace in reflect- 
ing that the rancour of our Enemies, the Enemies of otir Country 
promp'd them no further. The whole of the late Conduct of C ss 
relative to you Sir, and to the Committee, had it appeared in any 
other age than the present or in any other body of men than those 
who resort together in Chestnut Street Philad a it would have been a 
Phenomenon astonishing to all who beheld it. However I can assure 
you sir that the favourable opinion you imagine the Gentlemen of 
the Army have Conceived of the well meant intentions of the Com- 
mittee, will ever be esteemed a Grateful over ballance, for all the ill 
treatment they have, or may experience from any other body of men. 

As to the Gentleman who is to succeed you as Q. M. Gen 1 his 
Character as a private Gen 1 and as a Lawyer was Good and I most 
sincerely wish his abilities and exertion on the present occasion may 
prove Competent for the important purposes of his appointment. 

And if we may Judge of future events by past occurrences the 
manner in which he executed the office of Adjutant Gen 1 while in 
that Department, The rapid and decisive movements he has made 
since his present appointment leaves us no room to doubt but his 
piercing Eye will run to & fro through the Department beholding 
the good, and the Evil that is done in it That his systematic nod 
will alone be sufficient to put the whole machine, instantly, in 
In fine that he will take up the Complex business of the motion 
Department as a very little thing. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 409 

Our southern affairs at present wear an unfavourable aspect 
but wish they may soon put on a different Complexion for I must 
here observe that my opinion of Gen 1 is not at all lessened by what 
has happened at the Southward since his Command there unless 
on examination it should prove that he had been Guilty of Treachery 
to his Country, or Temerity in his operations against the Enemy 
neither of which have I ever had the least reason to suspect he would 
be guilty of from my first acquaintance with him even unto this day. 

Though my health has for some time been a little upon the ad- 
vance yet I am like Issachar of old crouching down under Compli- 
cated burthens For the hand of God hath touched me so that my 
bodi y indisposition has alone been enough for me to grapple with, and 
has rendered me less capable than I otherwise should have been of 
enduring the gloomy prospect of a Distressed, if not a disbanded, 
Army a Cause which has Cost us such a deluge of Blood, and 
immense Treasures, put to the hazard if not totally lost The beau- 
tiful, once virtuous virgin America deflowered, and sinking under 
the weight of measures adopted and pursued by her degenerate sons 
who have been daudled in her lap, nurtured in her bosom, wantonly 
rioted upon her choicest fruits, and shared her highest Confidences ! ! 
add to all this my being under the Iron hand of powerful men, whose 
tender Mercies are Cruelty, but great as their power is, it by no 
means equals their Malevolence, otherwise no honest man could abide 
the day of their wrath. 

Was it necessary for a scape goat, and the Committee would in the 
present case answer as a Substitute, so far as it respects me, I have 
nothing in reserve but my honor and integrity. 

But do you imagine a sacrifice of three men only could by any 
means expiate the sins of those who have began to Crucify them for 
no other fault than speaking the truth and endeavouring upon Just 
principles to promote the situation of a Distressed Sinking Country ? 
Though I should highly esteem the good will and opinion of Congress, 
and should place the approbation of my fellow Citizens among my 
Choicest Treasures, yet neither the frowns or the flattery of the for- 
mer, nor the expectation of applause from the latter, or any other 
Consideration whatever shall, in any Circumstance of life induce me 
to Censure, or approve men or measures, Contrary to my real senti- 
ments. 

You mention something of publishing &c. it is Just, it is a duty 
you will one day owe to yourself and to your Country, but not yet 
my friend. For if Torture ever extorted words from the dumb I 
should imagine the unmerited, Cruel, & infernal Treatment honest 
men receive, from those who ought to be their supporters, would fully 



4IO REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Justify many others beside you and me in undecieving the public by 
representing men & facts in their true Colours to the people at 
large. But that unbounded love for my Country, which at first in- 
duced me to forsake all and follow her Cause, now loudly forbids my 
taking any measures, even in defence of that, which ought to be 
higher valued than- life itself, that might have a tendency to cause 
greater Jealousies among the people at large at this Critical period, 
and till the Close of this Campaign, for it is better for one two or 
three or even an hundred honest men to suffer for a time, than to in- 
volve the Country in Greater distress. If it had been an open avowed 
enemy that had done all this wickedness I could have borne it, but it 
was my brethren, Sons of America brought up with me, which makes 
it intolerable, and tho, I shall not quickly pursue, yet if I finally for- 
get the Treatment, may my right hand forget her Cunning And 
for the present shall be so far from Cursing those mine adversaries, 
that I have a blessing in store for them, even for them who ought to 
be Dam'd for their ingratitude and lest I should err in pronouncing 
my benedictions, I will do it in the pathetic words of good old father 
Jacob to his beloved sons Simeon and Levi, which may be seen at 
large Genesis 49, 5, 6, & 7 th , varying only so far as to make it appli- 
cable to the persons and Country But lest you should be put to 
trouble in procuring a Book that will give an Idea of the matter I 
will write the quotation. " Simeon and Levi brethren : instruments 
of Cruelty are in their habitations. O ! my Soul come not thou into 
their secret ; unto their assembly, mine honor be not thou resisted ; 
for in their anger they slew a man, and in their self will they digged 
down a well, Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce, and their wrath 
for it was Cruel : I will divide them in Jacob and scatter them in 
Israel." 

Good men have always spies upon their Conduct ! ! Several of my 
letters of Correspondence written in that ungarded manner in which 
a man is wont to unbosom himself to his friends, especially when in 
haste, have of late been intercepted and either kept from the persons 
to whom they were addressed or Copied and given off in detached 
sentences, which among enemies operate to my prejudice ; on the 6 th 
of last month I wrote a letter which has shared the same fate, and by 
an anonymous letter I lately rec d find my enemies have by some 
means [or] other obtained, a partial Copy thereof in Philad a before it 
could have reached the Gentlemen to whom it was directed and you 
may soon expect to see some very spirited resolutions upon the Daring 
performance, lest by misrepresentation you should be prepossessed of 
an opinion that the letter Contains sentiments unwarrantable in them- 
selves, and prejudicial to the public, I take the liberty of inclosing 
you a Copy, with all blunders, imperfections, Treasons, & political 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 4! I 

Heresies therein Contained, without the least amendment or altera- 
tion, that you may Judge for your self what ought to be my doom for 
what is written is written and I neither shall, or wish, to unsay a sin- 
gle word, if nothing more is done about the matter I trust you will 
not use the letter to my prejudice, I dont mean as to the sentiments 
it Contains, for I will avow them to my last breath, but only that my 
enemies need not know that I had sent a Copy & made known the 
matter to you. Upon looking over the Committee's papers dont find 
the Copy of your letter of resignation to Congress, which ought to 
be in our report. I should be very much oblig'd if you will furnish 
me a Copy by the first Express as our letters to Congress mention 
the Subject. The news here is that Gen 1 Washington has gone to 
Rhode Island, that Gen 1 Greene Commands the Army That Count 
De Guichen [?] is arrived off block Island that' Jem? Rivington 
has congratulated his fellow Demons on the happy circumstance of 
Admiral Rodneys arrival at the hook with ten sail of the line & other 
ships of force You will Judge of the improbability that things are 
thus situated. I am Dear Sir with that truth which becomes the no- 
blest work of the Deity, your sincere friend, most obed* and very 
Hum 1 Serv* N. Peabody 

Hon r Major Gen 1 Green - 

[Endorsed] Copy to Gen 1 Greene 



[R. 6-113] [Copy of a Letter from Mr. Peabody to R. H. LeeJ] 

Morristown State of Newjersey October the 2/ th 1780 
Sir I have been duly hon d by your agreeable favour of the 24 th 
ult Inclosing a letter to the Director Gen 1 which has been deliv d 

Since the 22 d of Nov r the date of a letter you mention to have Re- 
ceiv d I have wrote two other letters containing such matters as I should 
be unwilling to have fallen into the possession of some persons whose 
hands & hearts are unworthy of my Confidence, and who I fear have 
filched those letters on their way, as you make no mention of having 
Rec d them It appears to me Sir your apprehensions are well found- 
ed, when you say " I fear the season is much too far advanced for any 
decisive operations to be attempted against New York this Campaign," 
and that your Querie Claims the highest attention when you say 
" may not the winter be most profitably employ'd in retaking Charles- 
town and recovering the two Southern States from our enemies." 
the reasons you mention in favour of the attempt are weighty and 
the late Successes which have attended our arms in that Quarter ren- 



412 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

der the plan you have proposed both for the winter & spring less 
hazardous. 

The Spirited exertions of your state in raising 3000 recruits for the 
Continental Army, and 1000 good western Militia at so critical a 
period, evinces a redoubled attachment to our Cause and add much to 
the prospect of success in our operations in that vicinity. I cannot 
quit the subject without Congratulati'ng you my Dear Sir, on the ap- 
pointment of Major Gen 1 Green to the Command of the Southern 
Army That Gentlemans great abilities in the field, his extensive 
knowledge of the various departments in the Army, gives him the 
advantage of almost every other General officer in America, in imme- 
diately restoring to order and system an army and officers, which at 
present are almost "without form and void." 

But alass of what avail will be the exertions of the greatest Gener- 
als, unless fully aided with men, money, and the other necessary sup- 
plies ? In the present deranged situation of our public affairs Can 
this aid be furnished ? our Treasury is empty our military & ord- 
nance stores in that Quarter are much exhausted and I fear the 
resources of that Country under its present embarrassments will 
prove incompetent for those other supplies. Your zeal and exertion 
n the Cause of our distressed Country, on every former occasion 
forbids my mentioning a single argument to induce your utmost 
efforts in the present alarming Conjuncture 

General Green entertains a high opinion of your influence and abil- 
ities and wishes for your assistance in support of such measures as 
he may find necessary to adopt for recovering the Southern States, or 
rather what is more probable to prevent the Enemy from making fur- 
ther progress and as the General is a Gentleman in whom you may 
place the most unreserved Confidence not only as a Gen 1 officer but as 
a private Gentleman, have not the least reason to doubt but there will 
be a perfect harmony & free Correspondence between you and that 
Gentleman and which I am sure will be assiduously cultivated on his 
part The Hon ble Arthur Lee passed through this place a few days 
since on his way to Philad a but I was so unhappy as not to have the 
pleasure of seeing him tho I have been hon'd by a line from him since 
his arrival there. As the present situation of the Southern States be 
speak the Theatre of War at least for the ensuing winter, I shall es- 
teem it an addition to the obligations I should otherwise be under by 
being favoured with a letter from you as often as you may find oppor- 
tunity and leisure for that purpose 

With sentiments of real friendship, I have the Hon r to be Sir 
your most obed* and very Humble Serv* 

Nath 1 Peabody 

Hon 1 Richard Henry Lee Esq 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 413 

\Extract from a Letter from Richard Henry Lee to Mr. Peabody, 

November 2, 1779.] 

" Though not personally acquainted with you, I hope I shall be par- 
doned for this letter. I have seen the proceedings of Congress in a 
late affair, and I have observed New Hampshire supporting the cause 
of virtue against a very powerful and no less artful and wicked cabal, 
aiming at the public injury through the sides of its faithful servant ; 
and I have been informed particularly, Sir, of your very worthy sup- 
port of a character that has not deserved the treatment he has met 
with. New Hampshire has long been celebrated for spirit ; and it 
has now, on an extraordinary occasion, when very powerful efforts 
were made to debauch and to mislead, proved its title to the still 
higher qualities of wisdom and virtue." 



[Mr. Lovell to Mr. Peabody. 1 
[Original in Collection of N. H. Historical Society.] 

Nov. 3, 1780. 

D r Sir I was not able to acknowledge by the last post the Re- 
ceipt of your Letter of Oct r 27 th I was put upon a decyphering Bus- 
iness respecting some of the intercepted Letters of Cornwallis, and j 
bogued at it till the Post Rider was gone. J. L. being a Cornet and 
Adjutant in Lee's Corps will be here so that I may see him as well as 
you shortly. 

I do not see how I can remain here to be paid i-J dollar p r Day at 

40 for one when 2 dollars was p d in 1776 at par, and I here at 

75 for i as I did in the case of 3 half Joes which you know M r Clymer 
lent me for which I paid 1800. You promised to tell me what course 
you meant to take from Morris Town whether Easterly or South- 
westerly. 

Baron Steuben is to go Southward consequently that untouched 
Treasure will remain in Statue quo another Season. I can give you 
amusement for amusement whenever we meet to make a regular Ex- 
change of anecdotes. Matters in the Southern Department wear a 
more pleasing Countenance than some time ago. Cornwallis retreats 
rapidly and I think will get his wings cropped, before he reaches 
Camden. Yours as ever 

J. L. 

[Addressed] Hon ble Nathaniel Peabody Morris Town Jersies. 



414 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6- 1 1 6] [Mr. Peabody to Lieutenant Wheaton.} 

Peekskill Nov r 3O th 1780 

Your kind endeavours for my personal welfare since you have been 
with me, even when the ill state of your own health might well have 
employed your whole attention, merit my warmest thanks and cannot 
fail being kept in grateful remembrance 

The situation of affairs has made it necessary for you to be absent 
from the Reg 4 much longer than was expected when you left it but as 
Col Angel was obliging enough to say on your leaving him that if 
such an event should happen it would not injure the public service and 
hope you will suffer no inconvenience on ace 1 of your long absence 
from the Reg* and that you will find everything agreeable to your 
wishes on your arrival at Camp. 

With sentiments of friendship I am &c &c 

L* Wheaton N. P. 

[Endorsed] Dismission of Lieut Wheaton Nov. 1780 



[R. 6-121] [Soldiers Order.} 

To Cap 1 Sinkler Sir pleas to pay to Samuel Sias the holl of 
my Wages be it more or less and in so doing you will grately oblig 
your humbel Servant Bradbury Richardson 

Dated Janary the 5 day 1781 

Febary third 1 78 1 Paid Samuel Sias twenty f ouer pound L. money 
npon the with in order 

[Signature obliterated] 



[R. 6-121] [Officers Petition.] 

State of | To the Honorable the Council & the Hon ble the 
New Hampshire \ House of Representatives, of the State aforesaid in 
General Court assembled at Exeter Jan? 5, 1781 - 

The Petition of Abel Stevens of New Grantham, William Barron of 
Merrimack, James Kidder of Linesborough, & Peter Page of Charles- 
town, all Captains in the Regiment lately Commanded by Col Moses 
Nichols Humbley Shews That they have rec d Warrants upon the 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 415 

Treasurer for their respective wages, & for the wages of the men 
under their Command during the time they were employed in the ser- 
vice of the said State. That they have presented some of the war- 
rants aforesaid to the Treasurer aforesaid for payment. That the said 
Treasurer informs them that there is no money in the Treasury, & 
that 'tis out of his power to pay them They further beg leave to 
shew to your honors that they have been for several days past, & now 
are in the Town of Exeter on expence waiting for their pay. 

That they are not possessed of money sufficient to pay their ex- 
pences in said Town of Exeter, or to bear their expences to their sev- 
eral homes 

That they & the men belonging to their several Companies have 
depended on receiving the money due to them as wages, to enable 
them to pay their taxes That they did not, " as has been usual 
heretofore" receive any advance wages -- That they were obliged to 
advance considerable sums of money in order to defray their expences 
in travelling to & from Camp that they were employ'd in the ser- 
vice of said State at a time in the year when 'twas most inconvenient 
for them to leave their several homes Your Petitioners wish not to 
be troublesome to your Honors they wish 'twas in their power to 
pay their expences in said Town of Exeter, bear their expences home, 
& pay their taxes after their return but they are sorry to say that 
'tis not They therefore pray that your honors would point out some 
way to enable the said Treasurer to pay them respectively the sums 
mentioned in their respective Warrants (or at least some part of the 
sums aforesaid) that they may be enabled to pay their taxes, defray 
their expences in said Town of Exeter, bear their expences to their 
homes, & pay the men which were under their Command some part of 
the wages due to them and as in duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Jonas Kidder Abel Stevens 
Peter Page William Barron 



[R. 6-122] {Samuel Mitchell of Peterborough.] 

State of New Hampshire ) Peterbor Jan^ 16 : 1781 

Hillsborough ss. \ Personally appeared Sam 1 Mitchil, & 

after being duly Cautioned Made Solemn Oath that He Inlisted a 
Sergt into Cap 1 W m Scott 5 Company in Col Henry Jacksons Ridg* in 
y e Continental Army on the 6 th day of Oct r 1777 & Sarv'd as Serjant 
in s d Company three years until y e 6 th day of Oct r 1780 when he was 
Discharged before Francis Blood 

Justice Peace 



4l6 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-123] [Petition from Inhabitants on the Frontier^ 

State of New 1 To the Hon ble the Council & House of Representa- 
Hampshire j tives of the said State in Gen 1 Court assembled at Ex- 
eter Jan'y 1781 - 

The memorial of the Subscribers Inhabitants of the western 
frontiers of the State afores d 

Humbly Sheweth That they view themselves greatly exposed to 
the depredations & ravages, of the Savages, & British Enemies in 
Canada - - That said Enemies have several times attempted a Rout to 
our habitations, in order to effect our devastation & ruin But as 
often as they have made the attempt, so often they have as yet been 
unsuccessful and we have great reason to ascribe our present Ex- 
istence to the good hand of Providence in baffling & disappointing the 
sanguine expectations of our greedy Enemies As our Enemies 
have lately effected their barbarous purposes upon many places to the 
northward - - We have great cause to apprehend that their principal 
object, at this time, is the destruction of the Inhabitants upon Con- 
necticut River And we are fully persuaded, that unless something 
extraordinary shall prevent it, we may depend upon an attack from 
them the present winter We would beg leave to suggest that the 
mode lately adopted for raising sixty men out of Col. Chases & Col. 
Morey's Regiments, will by no means answer any valuable purpose 
toward our defence as it will not add a single man to their present 
numbers And it is probable that the western frontiers will view it 
as their indispensible Duty to imploy the whole of their strength in 
their own defence notwithstanding any requisitions upon them for 
the support of the Continental Army. But yet, if said frontiers can 
be suitably protected we make no doubt, but they will cheerfully 
continue to contribute their full proportion towards the support of the 
Continental Army as many of them have heretofore punctually done 
Your memorialists pray your honors to take under your considera- 
tion the importance of defending s d Frontiers not only for the Safety 
of the Inhabitants, but the interest it will be to the State of New 
Hampshire & y e united States, & therefore pray your honors to 
take such measures & raise such a number of soldiers for our defence 
as in your great wisdom may appear to be necessary and your mem- 
orialists as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Charles Johnston 

Exeter, Jan^ 25 1781 Moses Dow 

Jer h Eames 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 417 

[R. 6-124] [Board of War to Commissary Jewett.~\ 

State of New j 

Hampshire J War Office Portsm Feb? 3 d 1781. 

M r Jedidiah Jewett 

Sir Your Information to the Board of War that the State have 
appointed you Issuing Commissary in Camp to the Troops raised by 
them for the Continental service. They suppose it necessary to 
give the following directions for your government, that of course falls 
within their department with you On your arrival at Camp apply 
to Maj r Joseph Bass late Commissary and receive of him all & sin- 
gular the stores on hand giving him a receipt specifying each article 
& transmit to the Board an account of the same. All Cloathing & 
Stores that is on hand and that you may receive from the Board is 
to be appropriated for the use & Comfort of the Troops of this State, 
and you are to regulate a supply to the officers & privates yearly, (in- 
cluding what you may draw from the Continent) agreeable to the re- 
solves of Congress, and in case of a surplus furnished by the Board, 
Each officer & private is to pay for what he shall receive over & 
above the yearly suite at the rates they are charged in the Invoices you 
may receive with the Goods, allways bearing in mind to regulate a 
just proportion to officers & privates when the store does not admit a 
surplus & at no time to exhaust the Store unnecessarily All ar- 
ticles delivered officers or privates you are to keep a particular & In- 
dividual ace* of for the purpose of their account'g on a depreciating or 
appreciating proportion to the mode of adjustment agreed upon by the 
state & the Line of the Army. All articles under the Denomination 
of Refreshments that may be sent you by the Board are to be paid for 
or debted to each Individual you are to furnish the Board with a 
Roll of deficiencies from time to time thereby they may seasonably 
furnish the Store if possible - 

For govern'g your conduct in any deficiency to officers or privates 
you must commence from the begin'g of the year 1 780 as all mat- 
ters of this kind previous thereto, are under an adjustment by the 
State, and for this purpose it will be necessary to obtain a Roll from 
Maj r Bass of his Issues, previous to his leaving Camp You will 
attend to a Correspondence with the Board thereby they will be the 
better enabled to regulate your proceed'gs with them Wish'g you 
health - By order of the Board 

J. W. 
[Joshua Wentworth] 

27 



41 8 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 9-124] 

[This is a letter from the Board of War to Joseph Bass, directing 
him to turn over the stores to Mr. Jewett. ED.] 



[R. 6-125] {Furlough} 

Aaron Hale of the 2 d Newhampshire Rig* has Leave of absence for 
twenty four Days at the expiration of which he is ordered to Join his 
Reg 1 John Stark B. G. 

Derrifield 5 th Feb. 178-1 
To all Concerned 

True Coppie Attest George Jackman 



[R. 6-125] 

[Directions from the Committee of Safety to Lieutenant Bezaleel 
Howe, relative to receiving recruits from the muster-master at Am- 
herst, and conducting them to the army, February 15, 1781. ED.] 



[R. 6-127] [Certificate.} 

York Hutts Near West Point March 7 th 1781 

This may Certify that Samuel Spear has Returned in his Musquet 
Bayonet Gun Sling C. Box forty Cartridges three flints Brush and 
Pick, thum Screw and Knapsack 

Andrew Kettell Serf 

Commanding the Company 



[R. 6-128] 

[Letter from Caleb Stark to the Legislature asking for some money 
for General Stark. Dated Exeter, March 22, 1781. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 419 

[R. 6129] [Certificate relative to H ins dale s IslandJ\ 

this may certify, the subscriber was appointed Commissary of pris- 
oners in March 1781, & from that time during the war frequently 
made use of the red warehouse of Hensdells Island so called, for ac- 
commodating the prisoners 

Moses Woodward 



[R. 6-130] [Jonathan Chase s Petition.'] 

State of New ) To the Hon ble the Council and House of Representa- 
Hampshire ] tives of said State Convened in General Assembly at 
Exeter April 3 d 1781 - 

Humbly Sheweth Jonathan Chase a late Sargeant in Col Scam- 
mell's Regiment in the New Hampshire Line of the Continental 
Army That on the :6 th March A. D. 1777, he Engaged as a Ser- 
geant in said Regiment That on the 27 th of April A. D. 1779, he 
having procured one James Smith to Enlist & Serve in his room and 
Stead During the War and thereupon obtained a Discharge from 
the Hon 1 Brigadier General Poor (to whose Brigade he belonged) 
But that your Petitioner has never received any allowance for Depre- 
ciation, he not being made up in the Roll, by reason of his Procuring 
another man in his stead, Whereby your Petitioner has lost the Depre- 
ciation of his pay, unless he can be relieved by your honors, Therefore 
prays your honors to Consider his Case & Grant him the Depreciation 
of his pay, from the said i6 th of March, 1777, to the said 27 th of April, 
1779, as to others of his rank and Situation in the Army, and your 
Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Jonathan Chase 



42O REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-135] 

{Petition of Joseph Drew for Permission to go to Bermuda^ 

State of | To the hon ble The Council and House of Repre- 
New Hampshire J sentatives for said State in General Assembly 
convened at Exeter. 

THE PETITION of Joseph Drew of Dartmouth in the County of 
Devon and kingdom of Great Britain Mariner humbly sheweth 
That your Petitioner on the 2 I st of May last, was captured, being a 
passenger on board the Brig 4 : Jupiter bound for Quebec, by the Ship 
The Royal Louis Nathan Nichols Commander, and bro 1 into the Port 
of Piscataqua That he is now by order of the Commissary, con- 
fined to his house in Portsmouth by which means, his health, which 
was before much impaired, suffers extremely That there being a fa- 
vorable opportunity of going to the Island of Bermudas in the Brig 1 : 
Olive Branch, W m Nainby Comm r : from whence he can easily take 
shipping for England he would most humbly request of your honors 
that he may be permitted to depart the State in said vessel for 
which indulgence, he solemnly engages, immediately on his arrival in 
England, to procure the release of any one American-prisoner that 
may be particularly chosen and pointed out by your honors He is 
informed in particular, of one John Seaward of Portsmouth in this 
State who has been confined above 2 years in the Mill-Prison in Ply- 
mouth, which is very near to where your Petitioner lives, and he is 
willing to enter into Bonds to procure his release, or return himself 
immediately to this State, tho' he entertains not the least doubt that 
he shall obtain his discharge He has also an Apprentice Boy a 
prisoner with him whom he would also be glad might go with him 
for which he would engage to use his utmost endeavours that one other 
American-prisoner should be released One Mark Fernald in partic- 
ular, an inhabitant of Portsmouth is mentioned, whom he doubts not 
he could procure in exchange for his said Boy - 

Your petitioner would also add that he personally is a well wisher 
to this Country, having formerly traded much to it, and having mar- 
ried a lady from it, a native of Philadelphia, where she has much 
larger connections than he has in England, & the attachment to the 
Country in consequence hereof, he has had many opportunities of 
evincing in the course of the unhappy war, particularly towards Cap 1 
Webber of Cape- Ann and all his Crew & to one Dey a Mate out 
of Salem all of whom he got released and sent home to their fam- 
ilies for the truth of which he will pledge his honor and liberty 

If what y r petitioner has offered has weight, and your honors should 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 421 

kindly grant his request and permit him to return to his family, who 
depend wholly on him for support, he will not only supplicate heaven 
on your behalf, but by his own conduct endeavour to evince his grat- 
itude in other ways than those which his solemn engagements oblige 
him to perform Joseph Drew 

Portsmouth 24 th June 1781 



[Captain Ebenezer D earing to Board of WarJ\ 

Fort Washington June 27 y e 1781 

Honered S r the Capten of the Flage Behaves verey il he has By 
sum means or other got of he saes that he Lored him self Down the 
head of the Warfe and as sune as I knew whaire he was I sent after 
him But he would not come and then I sent a file of men to fetch 
him and thair was a number went to Resque him from them and he 
has a Bused every Bodey and thretens that he will have satesfaction 
of all of ous hear and I have Confined him in the Gard hous and am 
afeard to Lete him go on [torn] vessel for fear that he will g [torn] 
the Prisoners S r I Beg that you will advise me what to Dew with 
him whether to keepe him under gard or to Let him go on Bord of 
his vessel as she Layes close to the Worf and you Will a Blige your 
Humbel Servnt Ebenezer Dearing 

To Coll Joshuay Wintworth 

[Friday, June 29, 1781, the General Assembly voted that the presi- 
dent be desired " to order the Flag to depart as soon as may be ; also 
that Capt. Dearing be directed to confine Capt. Nainby in irons 
till said vessel is ready to sail." ED.] 



[R. 6-140] [Letter from Major-General Heath.~\ 

Head quarters Continental Village Sept. 17-1781 
Sir. I have received undoubted intelligence from Canada, that the 
enemy have for sometime been building canoes and small batteaux at 
S* Johns, baking hard bread at Montreal, and forwarding it to the 
same place And this morning I learn that a brigade of troops have 
arrived at S* Johns from Quebec This renders it very apparent that 



422 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

the enemy have designs on the frontiers some where From the 
reported size of the small craft, they seem calculated for the creeks & 
rivers towards the settlements on the Head of Connecticut river, 
rather than to cross the lakes. In that case the western militia of 
your State can best lend aid. I submit to you the cautioning them 
to be in readiness for the purpose I have sent a reinforcement to 
Albany ; But the importance of the post in the High-lands, and pres- 
ent situation of the Army are such as forbid my making any consid- 
erable detachments to a distance, & constrains me to request that the 
number of militia called for from your State, in his Excellency's last 
letter, may be sent on immediately They may, if not already on 
their march this way, rendezvous at Charlestown N 4 and remain 
there (or, in case the enemy should attack, the settlements above, 
march to their aid) untill further orders In such case, please order 
the issuing Commissary in your State to see that they are served with 
provisions, while detained in the State 

I have the honor to be with great regard 

Your Honors Most Obedient Servant 

W. Heath M. General 

P. S. In case the militia rendezvous at Charlestown please direct 
the Commanding Officer to report to me his name, rank & the num- 
ber of militia with him - 

I am just informed that a fleet of about 40 sail appeared in the 
Sound of Huntington the 1 5th standing eastward But whether they 
had troops on board or were a wood fleet, is not known 

Hon. Meshech Weare Esquire W. H. 

A true Copy Attest Joseph Pearson D. Secy 



[R. 6141] [Certificate relating to Derrick Oxford.} 

Hartford Sep 1 2O th 1781 

this may certify that Derrick Oxford a Negro Slave to M r William 
Gallop of s d Hartford enlisted in y e three years Service and continued 
till he obtained a furlow home to his Master to Recruit his health 
and continued Sick & Chargable to his s d Master near one year and 
then Returned to s d Service 

Elias Weld \ Selectmen 
William Gallop > for 
Daniel Spooner ) Hartford 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 423 

[R. 6-141] \Militia Dismissed.'} 

Haverhill November 3 d 1781 

Sir you will on the 1 2 day of this Instant dismiss your men make 
up your Roll and Apply to the State of New Hampshire for your pay 
I give you my thanks for your Services 

Charles Johnston L 1 Col 
To L 1 Stearns Comman'g a party of the New Hamps r Militia 



424 



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[SUPPLEMENT TO RECORD OF TOWN RETURNS. 

In copying the record of town returns, as printed in Vol. XVI. 
pp. 498-523, the editor found that one leaf of the book was missing, 
and strict search failed to bring it to light until on examining some 
miscellaneous manuscripts in the Bureau of Pensions, at Washington, 
the missing leaf was found, of which the following is a copy. ED.] 

Thornton. 

Geo. Patterson Alex. Patterson 1882 

J. B. Spencer by E. Frye. 

Wakefield. 

Thomas Rawlins Kensington deserted July 6, 1780 
George Fall William Wentworth 1780 

Jon a Morgan Andrew Quimby r 1781 Mar. 17 

John Watson r 1781 Apr. 17 John Martin r 1781 Apr. 17 

Benj Dodge 

Warner. 

W m Lowell r 1781 May 2 Isaac Lowell r 1781 May 2 

Stephen Colby r do June 14 Barnard Lowell r do June 14 

Hubbard Carter, paid .15. Aug. 5-1777 as bounty during the war 
advanced to Ensign. 

Weare. 

Stephen Andrews Hillsborough James Dowd 

Jacob Gile Benj Powell 

Jona Tucker David Bryant 

Sam 1 Downing Deering Elisha Roberts 

Dan 1 Clough Michael Lyons 

Joseph Flood r ^ Stephen Dustin 

James Gile r 1 ^ , Jacob Flanders Mar. 26, 1782 

Sam 1 Eaton r f Aaron Basford May 10, 1782 

James King r ) Stephen Bohonon r do. 

Moses Flood ) , Robert Collins r do 



Josiah Tucker ) David Greeley r May 15, 1782 

Jeremiah Fogg May 15, 1782 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 



439 



Windham. 



William Darrah 

John Job not returned 

John Manyfold 

Hugh Moore r Mar 10, 1782 

David Campbel July 30, do. 

Edward Jones July i, do 

Nat Thi-sl Concord [Roll torn] 



Alex. M c Masters Londonderry 
Bart. Cabuij deserted 
Geo. Wilson r Nottingham West 
James M c llvain r 6 Mo. 
Robert Morrill July i, 1782 
Asa Kittridge do. do. 



Wolfeboro. 
Daniel Bridges 



440 



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442 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Return of the Officers in the New Hampshire line who remain with 

the three years men 

[Original in Department of State, Washington, D. C. Volume en- 
titled New Hampshire Revolutionary Records, 1782.] 

Lieu 1 Col Com 1 Geo. Reid, Major James Carr 5 Companies 
Cap 1 Daniel Livermore Cap 1 Isaac Frye 

Cap 1 Moody Dustin Cap 1 Asa Senter 

Cap 1 Joseph Potter Lieu 1 Bez. Howe 

L 1 Joshua Thompson L 1 Joshua Merrow 

L 1 John Adams L 1 Oliver Bacon 

Staff 

Major Amos Morrill, Agent L 1 Jo. Boynton, Adjutant L 1 Thomas 
Blake, Paymaster L 1 Caleb Blodgett Q r Mast. M r Ebenezer Stock- 
ton, Surgeon. 

Geo. Reid L 1 Col Command 1 
[Endorsed] List of the Corps of New Hampshire Troops. 



{Stations of the New Hampshire Troops, 1782.] 
[Original in Department of State, Washington, D. C.] 
A Return of the N Hamp s Troops & where Station'd 

The first Reg 1 Consisting nearly of 270 R. & File fit for Duty are 
Station'd at Saratoga 

The 2 nd Regiment are distributed as follows (viz) 3 Companies at 
Forts Harkimer and Dayton their Number about 80 R. & File one 
Compy at Esq r Harkimers & the Indian Castle R & F 30 the Re- 
maining part of the Reg 1 which is nearly 1 50 are Station'd at Fort 
Plain or Ransler from which they deteach guards weekly to Fort Wil- 
lett Parrises Mill Moyen House & the Ferry near the Post Geo 
Reid L 1 Col Comm'd 

N B this Return is taken from the Musters of May last ; Can't say 
that it is so accurate as I could wish G. Reid 

Albany I st July 82 

[Endorsed] Return of the New Hampshire Troops July I st 1782 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 443 

[R. 6-143] [Certificate relative to John Eastman.~\ 

This may Certify that John Eastman an inhabitant of Hopkinton, 
formerly an Inlisted Soldier in Cap 4 Nath 1 Hutchins Company, has 
been a Deserter with the Enemy has since Joined his Reg 1 and 
was present last Dec r D. Livermore Cap 4 

Concord March 21 1782 

[R. 6143] \_Certificate relative to Isaac CarkinJ] 

March i6 th 1782 

this May Certifie that Isaac Carkin Inlisted for the war in Cap 4 
Isaac Fryes Company 3 d N. Hampshire Reg 4 Dec r 1779 for the war 
and was Drafted from s d Cap 4 I. Fryes Company to Join my Company 
in Febury 1781 J. Munroe Cap 4 

[R. 6-143] [Certificate relative to Jonathan BurbankJ] 

Exeter June the 22 d 1782. 

Jonathan Burbank of the late Major Whitcombs Corps a Soldier 
during War is mustered for the War and will be considered as one of 
the quota for Seabrook for Three years in Case the Committee on 
claims shall certify he is not claimed by any other Town 

Jere Fogg M. Master 



[R. 6-144] [Committee of Safety to Colonel Hunt.~\ 



m r } In Committee of Safety Exeter April 6 th 1782. 



State 
New 

Sir You are hereby desired to call on the Select-Men of the 
Town of Charlestown, and any Towns Adjacent thereto, for Bread and 
Beef Sufficient to Supply the Recruits which may be Mustered at 
Charlestown agreeably to an act of the General Court passed March 

21 st 1782. 

You will please to deliver the same in such Quantities as may be 
called for by Cap 4 Ellis who is appointed Muster master at Charlestown. 

You may assure the Several Towns who may Supply you with Beef 
or Bread that the same will be allowed out of their Taxes for the 



/|/1/| REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Current year and on their producing your receipts to the Gen 1 Court 
or Committee of Safety, they will Receive an order on the Treasurer 
for that purpose - 

Hope you will Undertake this business as we have no other mode 
of Supplying the Recruits M. Weare Pres 1 

Col Samuel Hunt 

[R. 6-145] 

[Lieutenant-Colonel George Reid to Josiah Gilman.~\ 

Londonderry iQ th Ap 1 1782 

Sir I hereby transmit you rolls of eight Companys of the 2 nd 
New Hampshire Reg t with the Casualties that have happened in said 
Companies in the year 1781 Maj r Wait writes me that for the want 
of the papers of Cap* Cherrys Compy his roll cou'd not be made out 
as soon as I Join the Regiment, I will order Cherrys to be made 
out & sent on to your Office 

I am with respect your most Obed 1 Serv 1 

Geo. Reid 

P. S. upon examination I find Cap* Robinsons Roll is not here, 
however I shall sent it on with Cap 1 Cherrys 
Cap 1 Josiah Gillman 

[See Volume XVI. pp. 226-233. ED.] 



[R. 6-146] {Certificate relative to Philemon Ducett."} 

Amherst April io th 1782. 

I hereby Certify that I was knowing to Philamon Dusetts hiring 
Saml O Neal to take his Place in the Army for during the war in 
Consequence Dusett was Discharg d by Col Cilley. 

J. Munroe Cap 1 



[R. 6-146] [Relative to John Allen.'} 

Exeter May the I st 1782 

John Allen who deserted the I st N. Hamp. Reg 1 in May 1780 this 
day availed himself of Gen 1 Washingtons Proclamation and was par- 
doned provided he joins his Regiment with the Party who march 
Tomorrow Jere : Fogg Cap 1 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 445 

[R. 6-146] [Certificate relative to John Rama.] 

Exeter May 6 th 1782 

This certifies that John Raino a Soldier who deserted from the 
First New Hampshire Regiment in the year 1778 Joined the Army 
sometime in Feb* last, has been sent out by Majer Scot and has 
taken up one or more deserters, and that he was lately at Camp 

Jon a Willard L* 



[R. 6-146] {Statement of Prisoners from Canada.'} 

Concord July I st 1782 

We the Subscribers having escaped from Canada and being on our 
way to Head Quarters do hereby acknowledge the Receipt of Nine 
Dollars and one half Dollar hard Money which we have received of 
Tim : Walker, J r John Guthrie Adj* 

John Scott Lieut. 
Jo s Robinson Lieut. 



[R. 6-148] \Captain Frye to Ebenezer Thompson.} 

Sir As I was appointed Muster Master for to Muster at Amherst 
agreeable to my Directions I herein enclose the whole of the mens 
Names and the Towns and Term they go for that were mustered 
till the fifteenth of this Instant I am Yours &c 

Eben r Frye Cap* 
To M r Ebenezer Thompson Esq r 

Pembroke 19 th July 1782 



[R. 6-150] [Collector Jenison relative to Beef Cattle.} 

Walpol Aug st 24 1782 

Hon bel Sir I have Received yours of the 17 th wheir in you inform 
me that mr Jewett is to Receve the Cattel, and in my first orders I 
was to put out said Cattel to Paster but Nothing said in respect of the 
pay and a line from your Honer derecting me in the matter will 
oblige your Honners most a bedant and Humbel Sarvant 

John Jenison 
Hon bal M. Weare Presedant Committee of Safety 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

N. B. Sir their is Seavral towns that did git their Cattel redey 
three or four days after the time fixed by the General Assembly, but 
I darst not take them and they have desired me to a Quaint your 
Honer of it and they still Hold them on redeness and want that they 
may turn them in on the June tax and if they may be Receved I 
shold be glad if that you will menshen it in your letter to me Con- 
cerning the Pastering of the Cattel 



[R. 6151] [Certificate relating to Thomas Hunt^\ 

This may Certify that Thomas Hunt a Soldier in the first New 
Hampshire Regiment Misted Febuary 2 d 1778 for three years and 
January 22 d 1 780 he Inlisted for the war and has served ever since 
the Date of his first Inlistment without ever leaving the Regiment and 
is now Serving at this Post Given under my hand this 7 th Day of Sep* 
1782. Jonathan Perkins Lieut 

H. Dearborn L' Col Comd* 



[R. 6-151] {Supply Clapp's Resignation^ 

Portsmouth g th Sept r 1782. 

S r Having had the Honor of serving the State a number of years 
as Agent Victualler for the Troops stationed at Piscataqua Harbour, 
in w ch station trust I have discharged my duty to the approbation of 
the Public, must now beg leave by writing to your Honor to ask a 
dismission from that office. I have but a very small Capital, and to 
have that, always advanced for the State, must soon reduce me to 
beggary. I rec d an order from the Hon ble Com tee of Safety, for some 
Beef Cattle, some of which I have rec d but have not rec d any money 
therefor as yet. The Troops depend on me for bread &c, when it is 
not in my power to furnish them, and my holding the place, naturally 
draws their complaints. I shall be happy to close my acco ts with the 
Committee of Safety, if the Hon ble Court will please to direct it, as 
also my acco* as Com y of Prisoners, which has been long standing. 
In the meantime I rest Your Honors Most Ob* Serv* 

Supply Clapp 

Hon ble The Speaker of the Gen 1 Assembly 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 447 

[R. 6-152] 

\_Letterfrom General Sullivan concerning Stephen Holland.^ 

Durham September io th 1782 

Sir I flatter myself that the honorable House will pardon my 
requesting a favor from them in behalf of Col Stephen Holland Late 
of Londonderry ; which is that his wife may be permitted to visit her 
Children at Londonderry, under such restrictions as the Gen 1 assem- 
bly may think proper however unjustifiable that Gentlemans Con- 
duct may appear to me in a Political view ; I cannot help feeling my- 
self under some obligations to him while I was last in Congress, I 
had the misfortune to have a Brother captured by the enemy whose 
exertions in favor of the American Cause had rendered him an object 
for a British party : when he arrived in New York encompassed with 
all those distresses which are dealt out by a Barbarous Enemy Col 
Holland interceded & obtained his release from prison, with Licence 
for him to walk on Long Island under Parole. Supplyed him with 
necessaries while there, & assisted in obtaining his Exchange, but 
while the Flag ship was in waiting for him a Sudden disorder siezed 
him, & put an end to his Life ; Col Holland attended to his inter- 
ment, & gave me the first intelligence of his Death ; and at the 
same time requested me to petition the assembly for Leave to be 
given M rs Holland to visit her Children ; which has been several times 
repeated by letter, under those circumstances I should be guilty of 
the greatest Ingratitude If I refused to make the request and perhaps 
of the most unwarrantable Conduct respecting my Country, if I zeal- 
ously urged a matter which would be inconsistant with the Interest 
of the State or the Rules which have been Laid down by the assem- 
bly. I am unable to conceive of any Injury which she could possi- 
bly do the State if the request was granted but of this I must confess 
myself an improper Judge. My request therefore only is that the 
assembly will give her permission unless it should appear to 
be dangerous to the State or inconsistent with Rules heretofore 
adopted in Like Cases. I have the honor to be with the most perfect 
esteem Sir y r most obed 1 Serv* 

Hon ble John Langdon Esq r Jno Sullivan 

[The foregoing is the letter referred to in Vol. VIII. p. 949, as not 
having been found. A committee was appointed by the Assembly, 
September n and 12, who reported against granting the request, 
and the matter went over to the next session. On November 15 
the House of Representatives "Voted that the request be granted 
and that she have liberty to return to this State with two of her 



448 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

daughters now with her, and continue in said State until the last day 
of March next and no longer, unless otherways ordered by the General 
Assembly or Committee of Safety for this State." Council con- 
curred the next day. ED.] 



[R. 6-154] [Committee of Safety to Board of War."] 

New S Hampshire } In Committee of Safety Exeter Dec' 7 th 1782. 

Gentlemen, As you have had the Settlement of the Sub Clothier 
and State Commissary Accounts in time past, it is the desire of this 
Committee that you would take under your Consideration the Ac- 
count of M r Jedidiah Jewett and see whether the same is charged in 
the manner in which you have settled with the others and agreeable 
to the votes of the general Assembly for that purpose and report your 
opinion to this Committee 

To the Board of War M. Weare President 

[Answer."] 

Gentle" Agreeable to your desire of 7 th Dec r last, presented this 
day, to examine the charges made by M r Jedidiah Jewett as sub 
Clothier to this State Troops, do report, That in Settlement with M r 
Joseph Leigh, who served the State in that Department, We passed 
his accounts w lh like charges made by M r Jewett, except, the charge 
of horse hire, (& Rations for himself & horse) The State having pro- 
vided a horse equipt for the sub Clothier previous to M r Jewetts ap- 
pointment. The wages the same. We conceive the charges of M r 
Jewett, are consistent with the votes of the G 1 Court of 13 th & 2O th 
Jan? 1781, produced to us by M r Jewett, submitting to your deter- 
mination the amo 1 of each charge. We are respectfully Gent" your 
most ob* Serv ts J. P. [John Penhallow] 

Portsm Jany 3O th 1783 J. W. [Joshua Wentworth] 



[R. 6-157] {Officers Petition.'} 

State of ) ' r the h nble tne Council & House of Represen- 
AT TT , . Vtatives of the State of New Hampshire in general 

6 J Assembly convened feb* 1783. 

Humbly Shew the Subscribers officers in the Service of said State 
in the continental Army. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 449 

That the officers in said Line who were indulged with leave of 'Ab- 
sence from said Army last winter received from your honors a Grant 
of two months pay towards the wages due to them for the year 1781 
& the same officers or some of them at home now, have lately had a 
Grant of two months pay more towards their wages for the same year. 
And tho since our return this winter two months wages have been 
granted us Yet as we had not the like indulgence & grant the last 
year as our Brethren, we humbly apprehend our absence from hence 
& being then upon duty ought not to operate against us, but that we 
ought to meet with the same favor from your honours as they have. 
We therefore pray that two months pay more may be granted us ac- 
cording to our respective Ranks towards the wages due to us for the 
said year & as bound shall pray &c 

Caleb Robinson Maj r Geo. P. Frost Cap 1 

J. Mills Liei^ & Adj* N. Weare Lieu 1 

Joshua Merrow Lieu 1 John Adams Lieut 

feb? 28 th 1783 

[March 7, 1783, the Committee of Safety directed the treasurer 
to pay each of the foregoing petitioners two months' pay. ED.] 



[R. 6-159] \_JamesBlanchardtoJosiah Oilman.] 

Camp 24 Ap 1 1783 

Sir After all that hath been said and done respecting 1781 it is 
to be settled by the Continent, it now remains to have an account of 
the advances &c &c I should be exceeding glad of a list of the offi- 
cers of the line the time of their appointments time of service pro- 
motions &c Signed by you as our Subsistance is to be taken up 
from the I of June 1778 as the papers will be sent on. Please to 
Remember to send the Muster Rolls with my Book & a Copy of Doc r 
Henrys account also three receipts Signed by Samuel Norris, Se- 
lah How, & Asa Crawson if I remember right I left them at the 
Treasurers but as they are Seperate from the orders that I Took out 
their notes for 1 780 they will not be wanted as Vouchers My best 
Respects to your Good Lady your Brother & his good Lady 
I am Sir most Respectfully Your H 1 Serv 1 

James Blanchard 
[Addressed] Captain Josiah Gilman at Exeter 



450 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-159] [Moses Lock's Receipt^ 

Moses Lock a Soldier in the Continental Army D r To 59 Bushels 
Indian corn delivered your Family in the year 1 780, as a supply for 
that /year by the Town of Epsom 

Mich 1 M c Clary 1 Select 

Epsom 2O th May 1782 Thomas Babb j Men 

Rec d the above Contents in full Moses Lock 



[R. 6-161] [Dr. Robert R. Henry to the Treasurer, ,] 

Sir. It appears in settling my account for the year eighty with M r 
Blanchard I received a note to the amount of one hundred and ninety 
five pounds which I think is not the sum due to me for that year 
by any means, after all the Clothing accounts are taken out I send 
you a bill of such Clothing as I received for that year by Major Bass. 
I would inform you that from the I st of Aug 1 eighty the surgeons of 
the Army have received sixty five dollars per month which makes 
twenty five dollars more at any rate than is given me by note, if you 
will please to look over my account and see where the deficiency lays 
and rectify the mistake and send me the ballance due by M r John Har- 
vey I will esteem it as particular favor done me I am with due 
respect your Most obediant and humble ser* 

Rob* R. Henry surgeon N Hampshire Reg 1 

To the Honorable the Treasurer for the state of N. Hampshire 
N Windsor Cantonment May 16, 1783 



[R. 6-163] [Naval Officer Russell to President Weare, 1783.] 

Sir Necessity obliges me again to mention the Naval affairs of 
the river Tis with reluctance, for fear of being troublesome, but to 
omit it would be a breach of duty. For want of a sufficient guard 
at Fort point, every one that goes in & out do as they please below 
Fort Washington ; and their transactions are generally so quick and 
unexpected that they are gone before any legal steps can be taken. 

I have often complained to the officers of the Fort, and am an- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 451 

swered that they have not men enough to do the duty. I have fre- 
quently applied to M r Bell commanding at Fort point, who says he 
has but one man and scarce ammunition enough to deal with one 
small vessel. No person appear to be more honest & punctual in 
duty than M r Bell and tis my wish he may be continued in that Sta- 
tion. He kept the small vessels in legal order while he had men to 
help him, but now they mock his authority. A number that Navi- 
gate small fishing Schooners at Newcastle, have declared off from the 
law, which only requires that they have a pass from the office ; and if 
I understand it, the penalties do not reach them They now go out 
& in as they please. There are some reasons why every vessel how- 
ever small, should be kept in subjection to Laws, such as paying 
respect to Government in their Offices and Fortifications In times 
of embargo, which in the course of things may become necessary 
And especially if ever duties or imposts are laid. Tis clear at pres- 
ent that some States loose much of their duties, by the smugling of 
small vessels, who are not looked after. But if the Hon ble general 
court should please wholly to liberate all small vessels used in fishing 
only, it would be very agreeable to me, as the fees (and I dont wish 
them raised) are no equivalent for the trouble that attends them 
The fishermen have their passes for short periods, that they may be 
looked after and comply with the Law, and the yearly expence for 
one vessel, wont exceed six shillings. 

I am also to mention Sir, that the vessels on Kittery Side, below 
fort Washington have renounced the Jurisdiction of New Hampshire 
and go out and in as they please which cant be prevented, without 
fortifying the old point For was our Law clear in its penalties it 
could not operate in the Massachusetts State. As the Jurisdiction of 
the river, ever belonged to Newhampshire, it seems a pitty to have it 
controverted, as its Trade will be greatly important to this State. Tis 
my settled study, as the only peice of public service a disordered con- 
stitution enables me to perform, to establish this office which in time 
will be of consequence, to keep its affairs in such a train, that public 
authority may have an insight into the exports & imports whenever 
they please, by only glancing at the books and so to regulate matters, 
agreeable to Law, as to make all parties easy. Laws had better not 
be made than left to be trampled on ; and if any alterations, or addi- 
tions are made to Naval Laws it would be very desirable to have them 
so clearly expressed as to be easily executed, and not with too high 
penalties. 

By permission of the Honorable Committee of Safety I have en- 
tered two vessels belonging to British subjects, and wish to be directed 



45 2 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

whether vessels may be cleared for British ports, and also whether 
bonds are further necessary. 

I am Sir your dutiful & most obed' Serv* 

E. Russell 

Naval Office at Portsmouth 5 June 1783 
To the Hon ble President Weare 

[Addressed] To the Honorable Meshech Weare Esq r President 
&c of the State of Newhampshire at Exeter 



[R. 6164] [Certificate relating to Phinehas Wentwortk.~\ 

I do Certify that Phineas Wentworth a Draught from the New 
Hampshire Line into the Sappers & Miners August I st 1780 has 
received since he Joined one months pay in New Emission at head of 
Elk March 3 d 1781 & one months pay in Specie at Elk on the way to 
the Seige of York Town 1781 and also pay for January 1783 and or- 
ders on the merchants for February March & April 1783 his pay 
in the Corps is eight dollars & one third p r Month 

G. Bushnell Cap 4 Comd* 

June 12 th 1783 Sappers & Miners 

Coms r J. Hand 



[R. 6-164] 
[Isaac Clement's Petition. Addressed to the General Assembly.^ 

Humbly shews, Isaac Clement that your Petitioner engaged in the 
service of the United States for & during the war in the month of 
Nov r 1780, with Lieu* Hubbard Carter that he was then promised a 
Bounty of Fifty Dollars of the New Emission which was the Bounty 
promised by the State, that your Petitioner entered the Service and 
has since performed his Duty as a Serjeant in said Service but has 
not received his Bounty from Lieu 1 Carter or any other person 
Wherefore your Petitioner prays that your Honours would take his 
case into consideration, and grant him such relief as to your Honours 
shall seem meet, & your Petitioner as in Duty Bound Shall pray 

Concord June i8th: 1783 Isaac Clement 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 453 

[R. 6-165] [Certificate relative to William and John Ash."} 

Exeter August 5 th 1783. 

William Ash inlisted last winter in the room & place of his 
brother John Ash who was a deserter from the I st New Hampshire 
Reg 1 and was afterwards received and accepted at camp 

Henry Dearborn 
To the Committee on Soldiers Accounts. 



[R. 6-165] {Certificate relative to Lieutenant Hoit.'] 

Exeter Sept r 5 th 1783 

L 1 Nathan Hoit of the 3 d New Hampshire Reg* was appointed, 
Quartermaster to said Reg 1 about the I st of August 1778 & continued 
to do that duty until the 15 th of Sep 1 1780 

Henry Dearborn 
late L 1 Col Comd 1 



[R. 6 1 66] {Certificate relative to Jacob Morsel] 

This may Certify that Jacob Morse fifer in the I st New Hampshire 
Reg* having Deserted and was taken up Brought to his Regiment and 
Did his duty again 

Exeter Oct r 24 th 1783 - J. Mills Lieu 1 

[R. 6-167] 
[General Stark to the Speaker of the House of Representatives^ 

Derryfield Nov r 6 th 1783 

Dear Sir I would have waited on the Court this week but am un- 
fortunately taken lame that I cannot Ride ; I would be exceedingly 
glad if I might have an order on the Treasurer (for that money the 
Court Voted me almost two years ago) that would be effectual : as 
the order which I received of the President last winter has never yet 
been answered, nor do I think it ever will, in the Terms it is now 
Couched in, the Treasurer denying that the state of the Treasury will 
admit of the payment as often as the order is presented. 



454 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

I send the order to be presented herewith, hoping that the honour- 
able the Court will please to cause it to be renewed in more pointed 
terms and if all the money Cannot be had immediately, I would be glad 
to have an order on the last years Constable, for the town of Derryfield 
for forty Pounds of the sum. I am sir with great Respect and Es- 
teem your honours most humble and obedient servant 

John Stark. 

N. B. the Court ordered a Committee on the business last summer 
but before they could Report the court was adjourned & the business 
left unsettled 



[R. 6- 1 68] \_Certificate relative to Nathan Berry & Others.} 

This may Certefey That Nathen Berry a number of others which 
war Sogers at fort Washington Cap 1 Solter Comander went away 
for want of Preveson & raceons which are Turned in Desarters Which 
Never Negelit Thear Dutey Simeon Akarman 

Portsm 24 November 1783 



[R. 6- 1 68] % [General Sullivan to the Speaker of the House. ~\ 

Durham Decem r 3 d 1783 

Sir As my Journey to Annapolis will prevent my attending the 
General Court, on the day appointed for the hearing my Petition in be- 
half of Cap 1 Jn Paul Jones I have taken the liberty to send by M r 
Ebenezer Smith some Depositions relative to M r Hoggs Conduct and 
requested him to answer in my behalf my only wish is That Cap 4 
Jones may have a Trial of the merits as he was defaulted by mistake 
& in my opinion contrary to the Laws of the State as he was then in 
actual service By the Depositions from Philadelphia it will appear 
that Mr Hogg by desertion forfeited his whole wages but even if that 
was not the case Cap* Jones could be no more Liable to such "an 
action than a Commanding officer is to the suits of his soldiers. Mr 
Hogg pretends that the ship which Cap* Jones commanded was 
private property but surely any person in the Least acquainted with 
the American affairs must be sensible that his assertion has no foun- 
dation in truth. I know that she has ever been considered as a vessel 
of war in the service of the united States, by Congress : & the officers 
& men had Rank Rations & pay the same as in other of our ships of war 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 455 

But even if she was a private ship I know of no Law by which a 
Commander is made Liable for the wages of the marriners unless by 
special Contract and even if it was possible for him to prove such 
agreement it must have been forfeited by M r Hoggs Desertion, which 
is fully proved by the Testimonies which M r Smith will lay before the 
assembly I Therefore flatter myself that upon every possible view 
of the Case the assembly must be satisfied that M r Hoggs suit is vex- 
atious & that a Recovery against Cap 4 Jones would be unjust ; & I 
have too high an opinion of the Justice of our Legislature to suppose 
that so reasonable a request as that of granting an injured officer a 
fair tryal will admit of dispute 

I have the honor to be with the most perfect esteem sir 

your most obed* serv* 

Jn Sullivan 
Hon ble Speaker of the Assembly 



[R. 6-170] 

[Report of a committee relative to the forts in Piscataqua Harbor. 
Printed in Vol. VIII. p. 978. ED.] 



[R. 6-171] 

[ Vote relative to obtaining the Names of New Hampshire Men 
who served in the Regiments of other States.~\ 

In house of Re P resentatives J any 3 1784 

Voted that the Secretary of this State be Directed to Request of 
the Secretary at war at Philadelphia an accurate Return of all the 
men that Served the united States as Soldiers in any Regiment or 
Core not Raised by this State, & that was Reckoned towards the 
Quota of this State, Should be made as soon as may be together with 
an account of whatever such Soldiers have Received of the United 
States 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Dudley Speaker 

In Council the same day read & Concurred 

E Thompson Scy 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-172] [Certificate relative to Captain Asa SenterJ] 

Exeter February 6 th 1784 

Cap 4 Senter was promoted to a Captain May 12 th 1781 vice Cap* 
Sartwell resign'd, Cap* Senter was in the New Hampshire line, in 
1777, 78, 79, 80, 8 1, 82, and onward 

Henry Dearborn 

Late U Col. Com dt I st N. H. Reg 1 
To whome it may concern 



[R. 6-172] {Soldiers Petition Relative to Pay, etc., 1784.] 

To the Honourable President Council and Representatives of the 
General Assembly of the State of Newhampshire. Greeting 
The petition of us the Subscribers Humbley Sheweth that we 
whose names are hereunto affixed having our minds much attached 
to the Good and well fair of our Native Cuntry and being Solicited 
by some of the principle men belonging in different towns in the 
County of Cheshire to engage for a Certain Term of time in the 
Continental Service which we did upon Condition of Certain Sums 
of money being paid to us in hand and Ingaged to be paid Exclusive 
of States or Continental Bounty by some of the Principle men of 
the Diferent towns we did engage. Never thinking or expecting to 
have any part thereof Deducted or taken out of our wages Never- 
theless the Honourable Legislative Body saw fitt to take the same 
out of our wages and Credited the several towns we went for the 
same Beside we ware Decived in a nother Respect we Misted in 
the year 1 778 for two years onley and Recived from under the hands 
of the Committees we went for that we ware Engaged for two years 
onley as hay had provided one years men the year before and the 
officers whose Inlistment we Sign'd knew it. Nevertheless thay 
Returned us for three years and we ware oblige to serve that time 
which Gentlemen seems to be a hardship and Cruel but we pray the 
Honourable Legislative Body will once more take it into Considera- 
tion and Consider the many Hardships and Dangers the poor Soldier 
has had to undergo how we have bin oblidged to under sell our 
States Security for want of Hard money. Sometimes as it ware for 
a triffle both when we ware in the army and since we have Returned 
home we cannot but flatter ourselves y 1 your Honours will take it 
once more Into Serious Consideration the Reasonable Nature of the 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 45 / 

Request your Honours will provide a Remidy by some means or 
other whareby the poor Suffering Soldier may be Remidied and 
have Restitution for what was takeing out of our wages which we 
actually Recived and took for Hire which is the earnest Request 
and Desire of us the Subscribers your Honour's Humble Petitioners 
who in Duty Bound do ever pray 
March I th 1784 

Joel Andres [Swanzey] Levi Symonds [Swanzey] 

John Symonds [Richmond] Silas Symonds [Swanzey] 
Noah Porter [Richmond] 

[In settling the depreciation of pay with the soldiers, all extra 
bounties paid the men by the several towns were deducted from the 
amount paid them. ED.] 



[R. 6-173] [Certificate relative to Thomas Kemp^\ 

Boston 1 6 March 1784 

This may certify that Lieu* Thomas Kemp of the Reg* of Artil- 
lery Artificers Commanded by Colo 1 Benj a Flowers, was stationed at 
Springfield under my Command from the I st Novem r 1779 to the 18 
March 1780 

Joseph Eayrs Late Major of artificers 

[Another certificate in the same terms relates to Lieutenant 
Nathan Wesson. Both were Hollis men. ED.] 



[R. 6-174] 

[Petition of Isaac Warren, of Medford, Mass., father of Thomas 
Warren, of Captain Carr's company, in 1777. Dated March, 1784.] 



[R. 6-173] 

[Petition of Ebenezer Lowell, of Colonel Mooney's regiment, in 
1779, for his pay. Dated April 10, 1784.] 



45^ REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-175] [Relative to Depreciation Accounts.] 

State of ) Office for Settling Depreciation Exeter May 8th 
New Hamp r ) 1784 

I hereby Certify that Lieu* James Blanchard Pay Master to the 
Second New Hampshire Regiment has lodged an account in this Office 
against the Officers and Soldiers of said Regiment for ten thousand 
three hundred and Seventy six Dollars & eighty two ninetieths of a 
dollar, of the New Emission, paid them in May & June 1781. Also 
an Ace 1 for Four hundred and eighty three dollars of said New Emis- 
sion paid them in the Month of September following, making in the 
whole io,859||- Dollars, which are charged to them in their Depre- 
ciation Accounts, at the Rates certified by John Peirce Esq r Pay 
Mas tr Gen 1 viz in May & June at Two & an half for One, and Sep- 
tember at Four for One 

Joseph Gilman 
One of the Committee for Settling depreciation 



[R. 6-176 to 178] 

[These documents are a bill of Ebenezer Brewster, of Hanover, 
against the State, for supplies furnished the militia at the time Royal- 
ton was attacked in 1780, and the depositions of Nathaniel Hall, 
Moses Brigham, and John Barrett substantiating the same. ED.] 



[R. 6-179] [Certificate relative to Samuel Lowell.] 

This may Certify that Samuel Lowell was in the Service of the 
United States in Kanedy in the year 1776 and he was Taken Pris- 
oner by the British on the 15 th Day of June 1776 and was a Prisoner 
from the 15 th Day of June to the 25 th Day of September following 
when he was set a shore at Elizabeth Town in the Jersies and also 
he came from the Jerseys with me and Bore his own Expenses till I 
left him Sick in a Town Joining or next to Salsbury in Connecticut 

Putney June y e 26 th 1784 Daniel Warner 

[Sworn to before Noah Sabin, Jr., at Putney the same day. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 459 

[R. 6-1 80] 

[This document is a copy of Lieutenant Meshech Bell's return of 
military stores at " Fort Point, " July 17, 1784.] 



[R. 6-181] 

[Memorial of Jedidiah Jewett relative to collecting pay for some 
beef cattle, sold by him for the State to David Hillhouse, of Con- 
necticut.] 



[R. 6182] \_Rev. Israel Evans to President WeareJ\ 

Portsmouth Octo : 14 th 1784 

Sir The resolutions of Congress which I take the Liberty of en- 
closing, will inform your Excellency, that the United States in Con- 
gress assembled, have directed me to look up to the State of New 
Hampshire, and to request a settlement for that pay which is due for 
my Services at Champlain, from the first of January 1777 to the first 
of August 1780. and here I beg leave to observe, that when I made 
application to the Congress for the Settlement above mentioned, it 
was the meaning and intention of all the members of Congress with 
whom I conversed, and especially of those who represented this State, 
that, the Settlement of my accounts should begin & conclude with 
the same periods of time which were observed, when the other offi- 
cers of this State were settled with 

Were I not afraid of intruding too much on the time and goodness 
of your Excellency, I should be induced to show that many circum- 
stances of necessity, both in time past and at this moment, urge me 
to beg that my request, and the resolution of Congress, may be com- 
plied with ; having been destitute of that Support, which other officers 
have obtained from Notes of depreciation, I found myself oftentimes 
not far from a very suffering condition. 

The long time in which I have been destitute of that little emolu- 
ment, which I so much needed, and the many hundreds of Miles, 
which I have travelled for the sake of it, with no small expence ; 
The great length of time which I have waited for the present oppor- 
tunity ; my unwearied, and long Services, in the cause of our country, 
during more than eight year's ; these Considerations all plead for me, 
and give me reason to hope that the Honorable Legislature, will hear 
my petition and answer it favorably 



460 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

Should a Settlement take place agreeable to my desire I cannot 
help making one request more and it is, that the Interest due, may be 
paid in such money as will be of immediate Service to me, on my 
long Journey 

A Representation from your Excellency, to the Honorable Legis- 
lature agreeably to what I have requested, will very much benefit, 
and oblige Your Excellencys most obedient & most humble Servant 

Israel Evans 

His Excellency President Weare 



[R. 6-183] [Certificate relative to Jacob Bonney.] 

Charlestown October 15 th 1784 

This Certifies that Jacob Bonney Inlisted into the Continental Ser- 
vice in Col Cilleys Regiment, and my Company the Tenth Day of 
May 1777 & continued in said service Till July 17 th 1778 agreeable to 
the Returns I. Farwell Cap 4 



[R. 6-184] 

[Petition of Lieutenants Thomas Kemp and Nathan Wesson, of 
Hollis, who served in Captain Nathaniel Chapman's company, Colonel 
Benjamin Flowers's regiment of artillery and artificers. They stated 
that they had received no pay from November i, 1779, to August i, 
1780. ED.] 

[R. 6-183] 

Exeter October 2i st 1784 

This certifies that Nathaniel Chapman, a Captain in Col Flowers 
Reg 1 of Artillery Artificers was made up for the depreciation of his 
wages in the State of Massachusetts, and those privates who belonged 
to that State, who inlisted for three years or During the War 

Stephen Gorham 

The pay of a Lieu* of Artillery Artificers was to the first June 1778 
Eight pounds ^ month from the first" June 1778 Ten pounds ^ 
month 

Whom it may Concern 




REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 461 

[R.6-I85] [ Order of Edward Burrows. ] 

To his Excellency the President of the State of New Hampshire 
Sir please to pay James Norris or his Order all that is Due to me 
for my Service in Capt. Woodman Company in Col 1 Runllis Reig- 
ment it being for value Rec d 

Witness Jon a Norris Edward Burrows 

Jan* 13, 17854- 3- 4 



[R. 6 1 86] \Orderfrom the Selectmen of Derryfield J\ 

Derry field April 15 Day 1785 

To the Committee on Claims or the Treasurer for the State of 
New Hampshire Please to Pay or Discount John Perham Constable 
for the Town of Derryfield for the year 1 783 the money that is Due from 
the State to the Town on account of the Bounty that the Town Paid 
to Ebenezer Numan, a Soldier in the Continental army for one year, 
and this order shall Discharge you for the same 

John Goffe ) Select 
Will m Perham \ Men 
Samuel Stark J Derryfield 
Exeter 6 May 1785 

Then received an order on the Treasurer to pay by Discount out of 
the Taxes to the Selectmen of Derryfield the Sum of Twenty pounds 
for a Bounty & Supplies advanced to Ebenezer Newman a private in 
the 3 d Reg in behalf of John Perham Constable 

Joseph Sanders 

[R. 6-190] 

\_Ebenezer Green s Petition relative to his Imprisonment^ 

State of New Hamp r \ To the Ho^the Senate and house of Rep- 
Grafton ss J resentatives of said State in General Court 

Convened at Concord the third Wednesday of October 1785 

Humbly Sheweth the petition of Ebenezer Green that on the Nine- 
teenth day of May 1776 he was unfortunately taken prisoner In the 
Government of Canada, and left in the hands of the Enemy as a 
Hostage by General Arnold then Commander of the American Forces 
in that quarter and continued a prisoner until the ninth day of 



462 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

February 1782 When your petitioner was exchanged as may appear 
by the Certificate thereof which accompanys this petition 

Wherefore your petitioner prays that your Honors will order a Set- 
tlement be made with him and that he have order for the payment of 
what may be due to him agreeably to the Resolutions of Congress of 
the 25 th May 1780 and January 1782 and your Petitioner as in duty 
bound will ever pray - Eben r Green 

[In House of Representatives, November 9, 1785, the Committee 
on Depreciation were directed to settle the balance of said Green's ac- 
count for wages and depreciation allowed him by a resolve of Con- 
gress while in said service, and during his being a hostage. See Vol. 
XII. p. 505. ED.] 



[R. 6-191] \Coloml Bellows to the Speaker of the House. ~\ 

Hon d Sir Having but lately heard that a Resolve of the Court is 
Passed that all accounts against the State should be brought in at 
October Session, or be Debarred from Presenting them afterwards 
I have some returns of the Regiment I had the Honour to Command 
on an alarm in October in the year 1780 to Royalton and Coos. But 
the Returns of some of the Towns are mislaid so that I cannot find 
them to make them up, at so short notice as I have been favored 
with. If the Court would be so indulgent as to Lengthen out the 
Term untill the next session (in case any allowance is made for such 
services) shall take it as a Favor granted to your Honor's most obe- 
dient Hum 1 Serv 1 Benj a Bellows 

Walpole Oct r 17 th 1785 
To Hon ble Speaker of the House of Representatives at Concord. 



[R. 6-192] 

[Petition of Soldiers who were Captured at the Cedars.] 

To the Honorable Senate and house of Representatives to be held 
at Concord in the State of New hampshire on Tuesday the Eighteenth 
day of October 1785 - 

The Petition of the subscribers, Humbly Sheweth how barbarously 
and inhumanly we and our Company had been treated when we un- 
happily fell into the hands of our avowed Enemies at the Cedars in 
Canada, the 19 th of May 1776. Agreeable to a capitulation made 
with Captain Foster of the British Army, we were to surrender our- 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 463 

selves as prisoners of war and to deliver our fire arms, which accord- 
ingly we did, and each man of us was to occupy and enjoy his private 
property, without any interruption molestation or abuse uhder any pre- 
tence whatsoever But contrary to the rules of piety and Justice, and 
in open violation of the promise made to us, we had been treacherously 
robed, and totally stript of every individual thing we possessed by the 
most inexorable and unrelenting Savages, who are destitute of the least 
sensation of humanity & Compation, it is morally impossible to Con- 
ceive or form a true Idea of their cruel & barbarous treatment to us, 
while under their unmerciful subjection some of us had been stript 
of our very shirts : and every punishment inflicted on us that their 
barbarity could invent or suggest, a Malencolly circumstance that the 
true born sons of liberty should be thus insulted and abused by 
such brutal savages Worthy Gentlemen, our losses were consider- 
able, being stript of our arms and Clothing and Exposed to the 
greatest hardships and extremities, destitute both of money and 
clothes nay even of the Common necessaries of life ; and really we 
were not induced or influenced by any views or incouragement to un- 
dergo or expose ourselves to these calamities But actuated merely 
for the love of our Country and to defend the american cause, with 
undaunted Courage and resolution, as much as in us lay considering 
what a glorious cause we had to support therefore stimulated and ani- 
mated with these pleasing and laudable motives we did not Hesitate 
to sacrifice our lifes in the defence of our Country Most Hon ble 
Gentleman. Thus we your Humble petitioners state the case of our 
losses & calamities before you which were relative and peculiar to us, 
therefore with submission we apply for redress, in humble expectation 
that your generosity disinterested integrity, and fidelity, and the Just- 
ness of our cause will Efficaciously prevail with you to restore to us 
our losses and in so doing we your humble petitioners as in duty 
Bound will ever pray 

N. B. the petitioners above refered to belonged to Captain Daniel 
Wilkins's Company, & Col 1 Timothy Beadles Reg* 

Daniel Wilkins Samuel Boyd Robert Campbel 

Joseph Lovejoy John Mills James Caldwell 

Josiah Warring William Bradford Benj a Dike 

[See Vol. XII. p. 66 1 ; Vol. XIV. p. 476. ED.] 



[R. 6-193] 

[This document is a petition of John Dusten for relief. Dated Oc- 
tober 24, 1785. He was confined in Portsmouth jail for debt. ED.] 



464 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

[R. 6-194] 

\_Petition from New Hampshire Men who served in Colonel Benja- 
min Flowers* s Regiment of Artillery. ~\ 

To the Hon 1 Senate & House of Representatives for the State of New 
Hampshire in Gen 1 Court convened at Portsmouth in said State the 
first Wednesday of February 1786 

The Petition of William Addams Jacob Taylor David Ames Wil- 
liam Brooks Jun r Solomon Hobart John Brooks Humbly Sheweth 
that we your Petitioners enlisted into the Continental Service in Col 
Benjamin Flowers's Regiment of Artillery and Artificers in Cap 1 
Nathaniel Chapman's Company, on the first day of Sept r 1778, & 
served faithfully in said Reg* until March 1 8 th 1 780 for which Ser- 
vice we have not rec d the full of our wages nor any Depreciation. 
Wherefore we pray that your Honours would take our Case into your 
wise Consideration and make us such a Compensation for said service 
or Redress our Grievance in such way as your Honours in Wisdom 
shall see fit, and your Humble Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever 
pray- 

William Brooks Ju r David Ames John Brooks 

William Adams Solomon Hobart JacoB Taylor 

[6-195] 

Springfield March the 18, 1780 

This is to Sertify that William Brooks hath Sarved as Serjant In 
Col Benj 11 Flower's Regt of Artillery and Artificers and in Cap 1 
Nath 1 Chapman's Companey From Sep r the I st 1778 to this Instant, 
Which fulfills the time of his Inlistment. And he is Lagally Dis- 
charged From the Same 

Joseph Eayrs 

Maj of A and A 

[Similar certificates were furnished the others, William Adams as 
corporal, and the remainder as privates. In the House of Represen- 
tatives, March 2, 1786, it was voted to allow the foregoing named men 
the depreciation of their wages, in the same manner as those who 
served in the New Hampshire line, provided they had not been paid 
by the State of Massachusetts. The Senate concurred. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 465 

[R. 6-199-203] 

[Petition of Thomas Clark, Captain House's company, Colonel Cil- 
ley's regiment, in which he states that he enlisted in April, 1777, and 
was wounded at Stillwater, September 19, 1777, and did not recover 
until 1781. He further stated that he hired one Robert Stevenson to 
take his place, paying him $200, hard money. He was attended by 
"Joseph Clark Surg n " and "John Crocker M. D. " of "Richmont in 
Berkshire County." A letter dated November 25, 1785, is addressed 
to him at Stockbridge, N. Y. ED.] 



[R. 6-204] 

[Petition of Hugh McKeen and Alexander Brown, stating that they 
were taken prisoners at the Cedars, and wanted compensation for 
their losses. ED.] 



[R. 6-205] [Relative to Noah Marsh.] 

This may Certify that Noah Marsh was a private in my Comp'y 
in 2 d N. H. Reg* in 1777, & suppose he received a wound in his hand 
in Oct r of said year in defence of the United States 

Exeter Sep 1 27 th 1786 Caleb Robinson 

N. B. said Marsh was in 3 years service - 

I did not see said Marsh wounded but I saw him in the Hospitall 
the next day after the action, and saw his wound 

Jon a Cass 

[R. 6-205] 

[Petition of Captain David Place, December, 1786, who was in Col- 
onel James Reed's regiment, and had the small-pox. He wanted an 
allowance. ED.] 



[R. 6-206] [Colonel George Reid relative to Samttel French.] 

Londonderry 4 th April 1787 

Sir The bearer Sam 1 French was taken prisoner near Mohawk 
river in the summer of 82 has been a captive with the Indians since 
that time untill about a month ago that he arrived home He wishes 



466 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

to know how he can obtain his wages, I have directed him to you who 
can inform him what measures to take respecting it, he belonged to 
Cap 1 Moses Dustons Comp'y 2 nd N. Hamp r Reg* 

I am with the highest esteem your Hble Serv* 

Geo Reid 
Joseph Gilman Esq r Exeter 



[R. 6208] \_Relative to a Bridge in Piscataqua Harbor^} 

I Ebenezer Bearing hereby certify that in the year 1776 I com- 
manded a company of N. Hampshire troops stationed at Portsmouth 
and that said Company under my command took down & removed 
about fifty rods of stone wall from Henzells Island in Piscataqua har- 
bour, & used the stones in constructing a bridge to Peirces Island by 
orders from the commanding officer 

Ebenezer Bearing 

Portsmo' Feb'y 2 d 1789 



[R. 6-209] 

[Petition of Baniel Putnam, dated January 20, 1791. He stated 
that he was in Bedel's regiment in 1776, was taken sick near the 
"walls of Quebeck," and left behind without any one to take care of 
him ; had his effects stolen, for which he wanted compensation. ED.] 



[R. 6-210] 

[Petition of Edward Burnham, of Burham, for pay and depreci- 
ation. Bated Becember 25, 1793. He presented a deposition of 
Valentine Mathes, to the effect that he was at home sick about one 
year. ED.] 

[R. 6-212] 

[Petition of John Vance, dated June, 1793, stating that he en- 
listed in Colonel Henry Jackson's regiment July 20, 1777, and 
served as sergeant until April 3, 1780; was credited to this State, 
but had not been paid. He was allowed ,66. 6. o for depreciation of 
his wages. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 467 

[R. 6-215] 

\Remonstrance against the Deduction of Bounties paid by Towns, 
from the Depreciation of Pay allowed to Soldiers ^\ 

To the honorable Senate and house of Representatives in Gen 1 
Court Conven'd on the first Wednesday of June Instant Humbly 
Shews that Noah Porter, Moses S. George, Lemuel Rice, W m Sisco, 
Tho s Grush, Giles Kelsey, Samuel Sisco, Sam 1 Judkins, and Naboth 
Betterson, that in the time of the late war with Great Britain your 
Petitioners for the sake of promoting our independency and at the 
same time procuring to themselves some small sum in part to com- 
pensate them for the fatigue and hardship of the life of a Soldier 
engaged and served in said war for the term of three years, they 
being sensible that fourty shillings a month was no kind of compensa- 
tion for such a fatiguing and expensive life as it then was and conscious 
that the small sum fourty shillings per month was not so large a sum 
as was absolutely necessary to be expended by the soldier or other- 
wise he must suffer for necessaries which he was never allowed or 
never could get from the public being well convinced of these 
facts before we inlisted and being under no obligation to turn out in 
defence of our rich neighbours we refused so to do unless some per- 
son or persons whose interest it was more particularly would give us a 
hire over and above what was or ever might be allowed by the Public, 
whereupon certain sums were agreed to be given us by certain towns 
and by individuals to induce us to engage in said war for the term of 
three years whereupon we engaged and served the same term and 
were honorably discharged. But will your honors believe us when we 
assure you that when we returned home to our very great surprize 
found that the General Court had ordered or given liberty to the 
towns from whence we went, tho' some of us were hired by individ- 
uals in the towns, to stop the money which they had given us out of 
our wages and depreciation and thereby as we conceive did not only 
suffer but did by law countenance a breach of contract on the part of 
the towns without our being heard on the subject Will your 
honors suffer us to ask you what the consequence would have been 
had we broken our contracts with the towns and individuals and 
deserted from the army would we have been justified if not why were 
they justified in breaking their contract with us we think they are 
not unless your honors should substitute Power for Justice which we 
conceive your honors will not Your Petitioners do not expect to be 
heard for their much speaking therefore conclude with praying your 
honors to take their hard case into consideration and in as much as 



468 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

the General Court did once interfere in the business by means 
whereof we were deprived of our money by reason of the towns and 
individuals with whom we contracted have taken the advantage of 
the order of the said General Court and have gotten our money 
and point out some method by which we may now obtain it and the 
interest or grant such relief in the premises as to your honors may 
appear just, and we in duty bound shall ever Pray - 

Amherst June 4 th 1794 Sam 1 Stone 

Attorney to the foregoing Petitioners 

[On the 1 3th of the same month Mr. Stone introduced another 
petition of similar nature [R. 6-216] containing in addition to the 
foregoing the following names : Nathaniel Powers, Joseph Powers, 
Abner Powers, Joshua Jay Prime, Benjamin Ellis, Asa Bundy, Stephen 
Jennings, Ephraim Jennings, Bunker Clark, Oliver Bacon, Thomas 
Dodge, John Dodge, Silas Symonds, Levi Symonds, Pelatiah Razey, 
Nathaniel Mann, Robert Mann, James White, Simeon Powers, Caleb 
Hunt, Zadoc Dodge, Eleazer Haywood, Peter Towzer, Henry Ste- 
vens, John Curtice, John Dodge 2d, Asa Stearns, Daniel Stearns, 
and Samuel Bates. The prayer of the latter petition was that the 
petitioners might have a grant of some state land. ED.] 



[R. 6-217] 

[Order from Stephen Baxter, of Foster, R. I., dated October 27, 
1795, asking that the wages due his father, Thomas Baxter, deceased, 
a soldier in the New Hampshire line, may be paid to John Harvey. 

ED.] 



[R. 6-218] 

[This document is a long petition, dated January i, 1794, from 
General Stark, relative to some state notes by him held. ED.] 



[R. 6-219] 

[Petition from Jabez Holt, dated November, 1796, asking pay for 
his loss when taken prisoner at the Cedars. He was in Captain Dan- 
iel Wilkins's company. ED.] 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 469 

[R. 6-220] 

[Petition from John Powell and Nehemiah LovellJ] 

To the Hon ble the General Court of the State of New Hampshire 

The petition of John Powell of Stratford in the county of Orange 
& State of Vermont and Nehemiah Lovell of Newbury in said 
county Humbly sheweth That your Petitioners were sent into Can- 
ada by order of Col. Timothy Bedel in the year 1777 the said John 
being then a Lieutenant & said Nehemiah an Ensign as a flagg of 
truce and were detained by British authority as spies nearly one whole 
year by reason of offence taken by Gen 1 Carleton in consequence of 
the death of Col Gordon who was slain near S* Johns at a time 
when the United States had a flagg in the Garrison of S* Johns. 
During our captivity we underwent a great degree of anxiety & pain 
of mind & were forced to bear the insults offered us by our enemies 

and were entirely destitute of the necessaries of life being almost 
naked ; & having nothing wherewith we were enabled to make pur- 
chases were forced by extremities in order to obtain relief to draw 
our set of bills of exchange payable to James Freeman for value 
received of Constant Freeman on Col. Timothy Bedel the officer 
who ordered us out, for the sum of fifty Spanish milled dollars which 
set of bills were dated June 3O th 1778 at Quebec which sum so re- 
ceived of said Constant we applied to the supplying necessaries for 
sick fellow prisoners & for our own support all which we did under 
a conviction that said Bedel would accept and pay said bills in behalf 
of & for the State of New Hampshire and after that time supposed 
they were so paid until the year 1 793 when an action was commenced 
against us by said Constant upon said bills at the Inferior court of 
common pleas for the County of Cheshire in said State at their Sept r 
term in said year and after contesting the action from court to court 
in pursuance of & in conformity to advice of council Judgment was 
finally rendered against us upon a verdict of Jury at the Sup r court in 
said county of Cheshire June term by adjournment from their May 
term 1795. Upon which judgment execution hath issued for the 
sum of one hundred dollars seventy five cents damage and thirty two 
dollars fifty eight cents cost of suit which execution your petition- 
ers have been obliged to discharge & have discharged Your Pe- 
titioners therefore humbly pray your honors to take our unhappy case 
under your consideration as we are destitute of all hope of relief, 
which we consider as our just due, unless your honors in your wis- 
dom shall see fit to assist us 

Resting assured that your honors will not suffer individuals to be 
injured in their private interest & in their persons for the benefit 



47 REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 

of the public without a compensation we pray your honors to grant 
us the amount of said execution with the costs & compensation for 
our expence in prosecuting said suit with such other sum or sums as 
in your wisdom you may esteem equitable & proper 
And as your petitioners in duty bound will ever pray 

John Powell for himself and 
Nehemiah Lovell 

[The Legislature voted that the petitioners had no just claim 
against the State, and gave them " leave to withdraw." ED.] 



[Morris and John Millet were in the service for the town of Tem- 
ple. John was returned as dead in one of Captain William Scott's 
monthly returns, now on file in the Bureau of Pensions at Washing- 
ton, and in the town returns printed in Vol. XVI. p. 521. That 
he was not dead is proved by the following testimony : 

In 1818 he was residing in Arundel, Maine, and applied for a pen- 
sion, making a declaration from which the following extract is taken : 
" Sometime in the month of March, 1777, he enlisted under a recruit- 
ing officer belonging to the New Hampshire Troops for the term of 
three years or during the war, and immediately proceeded to Ticon- 
deroga, where he was under a captain of the name of William Scott, 
and in the regiment commanded by Col Joseph Cilley .... Some- 
time in Dec r 1778 when being sick, and in a state of mental derange- 
ment, he received a furlough for Forty days, and was brought home 
by his brother who was a Sergeant in Said Company, and not again 
recovering his health for a year or more he did not return to the 
Army " The monthly return of Captain Scott's company for Novem- 
ber, 1778, on file in the Pension Bureau, shows that John Millet was 
furloughed on the twentieth day of that month. His widow, who was 
living in Kennebunkport, Maine, in 1853, stated in a paper relating 
to her pension, that her husband was born in Gloucester, Mass., in 
1761, and died December 10, 1840. This information and the fol- 
lowing deposition are kindly furnished by General James B. Coit, of the 
Pension Bureau, at Washington. ED.] 

[Deposition relative to John Millet.} 
i 

I Robert B. Wilkins of Concord in the County of Rockingham, in 
the State of New Hampshire on oath do declare that I was a Lieut. 



REVOLUTIONARY WAR ROLLS AND DOCUMENTS. 4/1 

in the 2d. New Hampshire Regt. Commanded by Col. George Reid 
in the Continental Revolutionary Army and was personally acquainted 
with John Millet who was a soldier in Capt. William Scotts company 
in the first New Hampshire Regt. Commanded by Col. Joseph Cil- 
ley. I became acquainted with him at the opening of the Campaign 
of 1777 he was in the battle at Bemis Heights on the iQth of Sep- 
tember 1777 and in battle on the 7th. of October near the same place 
and in the same year and continued faithfully to serve in said com- 
pany and Regt. which was cantooned at Valley Forge in Pennsylva- 
nia the winter of 1778 and was marched to Hartford in Connecticut 
in the fall of said year and was there taken with a mental derange- 
ment which continued for a considerable time and he was furloughed 
and did not to my knowledge join said Company again and I was 
informed by his brother Morris Millet who was a Sergeant in said 
Company that John his brother was dead. But afterwards I was 
informed that it was a mistake, and that he had recovered his health 
and senses, I think he was returned dead in the Weekly returns and 
Muster Rolls, however I am positive that he continued to serve 
eighteen months in the years 1777 & 1778 and I know that John Mil- 
let of Arundel in the district of Main now in my presance is the 
Identical man which did the service above Stated. 

Robert B. Wilkins. 
Subscribed and sworn to, June I2th, 1819. 



PART II. 

TRANSCRIPTS FROM ANCIENT DOCUMENTS 

/ 
IN THE ENGLISH ARCHIVES IN LONDON. 



[COPIES FROM ANCIENT ENGLISH DOCU- 
MENTS. 

The following documents were copied from papers among the Eng- 
lish Archives in London, under the supervision and at the expense of 
the late John Scribner Jenness, of Portsmouth. Mr. Jenness caused 
a few copies to be printed, but none are now to be obtained ; and as 
the papers give much light concerning the early history of New 
Hampshire, which is nowhere else to be found in this country, and 
for which there is considerable demand among historical students, it 
has been deemed best to print them in this volume. 

Much credit is due to Mr. Jenness for procuring these transcripts, 
and rendering them available to the public. 

Many other documents relating to New Hampshire, of dates sub- 
sequent to these, are to be found in the English Archives. The 
Historical Society of New Hampshire has obtained copies of some of 
them, and a calendar of many others, which it is hoped will be 
printed in the near future, and the matter they contain thus made 
accessible to our citizens. ED.] 



Colonial Entry Book. Vol. 59, //. 115-121. 
[November 17, 1629.] 

The Grant of the Province of Laconia to S r Ferdinando Gorges 
Cap* Jn Mason, 17 th Nov r 1629. 

This Indenture made y e Seaventeenth day of November Ano Domi 
1629, 5 th of Charles Between y e President & Councell of New Eng- 
land on y e one partie & S r ff erdinando Gorges of London Knt & Cap* 
John Mason of London Esq r on y e other partie Wittesseth y* where- 
as King James for y e making of a plantacon and establishing of a 
Colony or Colonys in y e Country called or known by y e name of New 
England in Americka did by letters pattents bearing date 3 rd Novem- 



4/6 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

ber 1 8 th of his reign grant unto y e right hon ble Lodowick Duke of 
Lenox George Marques of Buckingham James Lord Marques of Ham- 
ilton Thomas Earl of Arundel Robert Earl of Warwick S r Ferdinando 
Gorges Knt & divers others whose names are expressed in the said 
letters pattents their heires and assigness and that they shall be 
known by the name of the President & Councell established at Ply- 
mouth for planting &c of New England in America Did grant unto 
the President & Councell & their Successors All that part and porcon 
of y* Countrey now comonly called New England &c &c to have and 
possess the same to them their successors for ever to be holden of 
his majesties manor of East Greenwich in y e County of Kent in free 
and comon soccage & not in Capite or by Knights service Yeelding 
and paying to his Majesty the 5 th part of all gold & silver oare that 
may be obtained from the same. 

Now this Indenture wittnesseth y 1 y e sd president & Councell of 
their full free & mutuall consent as well to y e end y t all y e lands 
woodes lakes loucks rivers watters Islands & fishings with all other 
y e traficques proffits & comodityes whatsoever to them or any of 
them belonging and hereafter in these f^ nts menconed may be wholy 
& intirely invested appropriated severed & settled in & upon y e s d S r 
fferdinando Gorges & Cap 1 John Mason there heires &c forever, for the 
advancem* of y e sd plantation and other good and Sufficient causes & 
considerations them especially thereunto moveing have granted &c 
unto y e sd S r fferdinando Gorges and Capt John Mason their heirs & 
assignes & to their Associates & such as they shall alow of & take in 
to adventure & joine w th them in their plantacons traficques & discov- 
eryes in y e parts heereafter expressed and their heirs and assignes 
according to Contracts w th them to be made All those lands & 
Countrys lying adjacent or bordering upon the great lake or lakes or 
rivers commonly called or knowen by y e name of y e river & lake or 
rivers & lakes of y e Irroquois a nation or nations of salvage people 
inhabiting up into y e landwards betwixt y e lines of west & North west 
conceived to passe or lead upwards from y e rivers of Sagadahock & 
Merrimack in y e Country of New England afores d Together also w th 
y e lakes & rivers of y e Irroquois & other nations adjoyning y e midle part 
of w ch lakes is scittuate & lying neerabout ye latitude of fourty four 
or fourty five degrees reckon'd from ye Equinoctial line Northwards 
as alsoe all ye lands soyls & grounds w th in tenn miles of any part of 
ye said lakes or rivers on y e South or East part thereof, & from y e west 
end or sides of ye sd lakes & rivers soe farre forth to ye west as shall 
extend halfway into y e next great lake to ye West wards & from 
thence Northwards unto ye North side of y e maine- river w ch runeth 
from y e great & vast Westerne lakes & falleth unto y e river of Canada, 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 477 

including all y e Islands w th in ye precinct or perambulacon described 
As alsoe all y e lands sole grounds havens ports rivers mines mineralls 
pearls & pretious Stones woods Quarrys marshes watters fishings 
hunting hawing fowling trade & traficque w th y e Solvages & other 
comodityes & hereditam ts whoever w th all & singular their appurt- 
ences together w th all prerogatives rights royalty Jurisdicons privi- 
ledges franchises preheminences libertyes Marine power in & upon y e 
sd rivers Si lakes As alsoe all escheats & casualtys thereof as flotson 
Jetson & lagon w th anchorag's & other such dutys immunityes . . . 
& appurtenances w t so ever w th all ye Estate right title interest claime 
& demand whoever w ch ye sd President & Councell & their Successors 
of right ought to have or claime in or to y e sd porcons of lands rivers 
& lakes & other y e premises as is afores d by reason or force of his 
Highness sd letters pattents in as free large ample & beneficiall 
manner to all intents constructions & purposes whoever as in & by y e 
sd letters patents y e same are amongst other things granted to y e sd 
president & Councell aforsd Except two fifths of ye oare of Gold & 
Silver in these pnts hereafter expressed w ch sd porcons of lands rivers 
& lakes w th ye appurtenances ye sd S r fferdinardo Gorges & Cap* 
John Mason w th ye consent of ye President & Councell intend to 
name ye Province of Laconia. To have & to hold all the sd porcons 
of land &c &c. unto ye sd S r ff erdinando Gorges & Cap 4 John Mason 
their heires &c for ever. To be holden of the Manor of East Green- 
wich in ye County of Kent in free & comon soccoge & not in capite 
or by Knights service. Neverthelesse w th such exceptions reserva- 
tions limitations & declarations as in the sd letters Pattents are at 
large expressed Yeelding & paying unto the King his heirs & succes- 
sors ye fifth part of all ye Oare of Gold & Silver that shall be gotten 
from the same, &c. ....... 

And y e sd President & Councill for themselves & their Successors doe 
further covenant & grant to & w th ye sd S r fferdinando Gorges & 
Cap 1 John Mason their heires & assignes & associates & by those pnts 
y* it shall & may be law full at all times hereafter to & for ye sd S r 
Ferdinando Gorges and Cap* John Mason their Heires & assignes & 
their associates & y e Deputyes factors servants & tenants of them or 
any of them to have free Egress way & passage to enter & pass into 
& returne from & to any of y e sd demised lands lakes & rivers w th 
their Shipps boates barkes or other Vessells w th their munition & 
their Cattle and commodityes of w i nature soever from by & through 
any of ye lands rivers harbours creeks or Sea Ports upon y e Sea 
Coasts or fronteer parts of New England afores d belonging to y e 
President & Councell afores d w th out any lett trouble interrupcon mo^ 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

lestacon or hinderance of them y e sd President & Councill their suc- 
cessors or assignes or of any other person or persons claiming under 
them or by their means or procurem 1 And for y e better accomodacon 
of them y e sd S r Ferdinando Gorges & Cap 1 John Mason ther heires 
assignes & associates in their intended trafiques & plantacons above 
in .y e sd lakes of y e Irrequois whither their goods & marchandizes from 
y e sea ports are to be after landing transported it shall be lawfull for 
y m to make choise of & take and possess for the use of y m y e sd S r 
Ferdinando Gorges & Cap* John Mason their heires assignes & asso- 
ciates and their Deputyes ffactors tennants & planters of their Colo- 
nyes in any of y e ports harbours or Creeks in New England lying 
most comodious for their passage up into ye sd Lakes One thousand 
acres of land upon ye side or sides of such harbors ports rivers or 
Creekes where ye same is not yet disposed of to any other persons by 
ye sd President & Councill & ye sd lands by y m shalbe holden possessed 
& enjoyed as freely & with as ample priviledges Jurisdicons & comod- 
etyes in all respects as any other y e lands above in these pnts 
demised & granted unto them & further knowe yee y t ye sd Presi- 
dent & Councill have made constituted deputed authorized & ap- 
pointed & in their place & stead doe put Edw : Godfrey or in his ab- 
sence to any other person y i shal be there Governo r or other Officer 
to y e President & Councell to be their true & lawfull Attorney & in 
their name and stead to enter y e sd porcon of land & other premises 
w th there appurtences or unto some part thereof in name of y e whole 
and deliver possession &c, Signed, sealed &c. the day and year above 
written 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. 6, No. 24. 

[About August, 1631.] 
The humble Peticon of Captein Walter Neale. 

To the Kings most excellent Ma tie 

Whereas for the securing the Collonies in Virginia, against the In- 
vasions of a forrein enemie, and the barbarous incursions of the 
Natives there hath been constituted heretofore an experionented Sol- 
dier w th the title of Marshall : to whose perticuler care the Governor and 
Councell in Virginia (as theire Assistant) comitted the chardge^ of 
martiall affaires. Notw th standing of late (though these time now do 
more require it than heretofore) there hath been none appointed to 
execute that place. 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 4/9 

May yo r Ma tie bee now pleased in reguard yo r Ma ts humble Peticoner 
hath followed the Warres these many yeares and been employed in all 
yo r Ma ts Services, and hath an extraordinarie Zeale and affection to 
that plantation, where hee presumes to do yo r Ma tie acceptable service 
to conferre uppon yo r Ma ts humble Peticoner the aforesaid place of 
Marshal in Virginia : for executing whereof hee humbly craves the 
allowance of twentie shillings per diem (w ch is in proportion farre in- 
feriour to that w ch hath been formerly allowed to others) out of the 
Customes arising from the comodities of that Countrie whereby hee 
may bee enabled in your Ma ts service and have meanes to plant there 
some people of his owne. And though as a Soldier hee dares not 
pleade merrett before others, yet hee presumes to referre himself to 
the approbation of the Cheife Comannders of yo r Ma ts late Army. And 
according to his loyaltie, &c. 

[Endorsed] Virginia Without Date 

[In pencil] ab* Aug. 1631 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. 6, No. 28. 
[November 3, 1631.] 

Grant and Confirmation of Pescataway to S r Ferdinando Gorges and 
Cap* Mason and others, Ano 1631. 

This Indenture made the 3 d day of Novem r An Dni 1631 : and in 
ye ^th vear O f ye R e ig ne O f Our Sovraigne Charles by the Grace of 
God of England Scotland France and Ireland King Defender of the 
ffaith &c. Betweene the Presid* & Councill of New England on y e 
one pty and S r Ferdinando Gorges Kn* Cap* John Mason of London 
Esq r and their Associates John Cotton Henry Gardner, Geo : Griffith 
Edwin Guy Thomas Wannerton Thomas Eyre and Eliezer Eyre on 
y e other pty Witnesseth That whereas our late Soveraigne Lord of 
famous memory King James for the makeing of a Plantacon and 
establishing of a Colonie or Colonies in y e Countries called or 
knowne by the name of New England in America, Did by his High- 
nesses Lres Patents under the Great Seale of England, bearing date 
at Westm r y e 3 d day of Nov r 1620 give grant and confirme unto the 
R* Hon ble Lodwicke Duke of Lenox, Geo : Marques of Buckingham, 
James L d Marques of Hamilton Thomas Earle of Arundale Robert 
Earle of Warwicke S r Ferdinando Gorges Knt. and diverse others 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

whose names are expressed in the s d Lres. Pat. their Heires and 
Assignes, that they shalbe one body Politique, and Corporate 
perpetuall and that they should have perpetuall Succession, and 
one common Seale or Scales, to serve for the said Body, And 
that they and their Successors shalbe known, called and incorpo- 
rated by ye name of the presd 1 and Council! established at Plyrn 
for the planting ruling and governing of New England in America, 
and did of his especiall Grace, certaine Knowledge, and mere 
Mocon for him his Heires and Success 1 " 8 give grant, and con- 
firme unto the s d Presid 4 and Councill and their Success 1 " 3 under y e 
Reservacons, Limitacons and Declaracons in the s d Lres Pat ex- 
pressed All that part and porcon of y* Countrie now commonly called 
New England w ch is situate, lying, and being betweene ye latitude of 
40 dge and 4.8 of North e ly latitude. Togeather w th y e Seas and Islands 
lying w th in 100 miles of any part of y e sd Coasts of ye Countrie 
afores d And also all y e Lands, Soyles, Grounds, Havens, Ports, 
Rivers, Mines, as well Roy 11 Mines of Gold and Silver as other Mines 
Mineralls Pearls and precious stones, Woods Quarries Marshes, 
Waters ffishings Hunting, Hawking, ffowling, Commodities and 
Hereditam ts whoever, together w th Prerogatives Jurisdicons, Royallties, 
Priviledges, ffranchises, and Preheminence w th in any of the s d Terri- 
tories and ye precincts thereof whoever. To have hold possesse and 
enjoy all and singular the said Lands and p r emisses in y e s d Ltres 
Pat. granted or menconed to be granted unto them y e s d Presid* and 
Councill their Successors and assign forever To be holden of his 
Ma tie his heires and Successors as of his H sse owne Man 1 " of East 
Greenw ch in the Countie of Kent, in free and Common Soccage and 
not in Capite or by Knights Service Yeilding and paying to the Kings 
Ma tie his Heires and Success 1 " 5 the One 5 th P* of all y e Gold and Silver 
Oar that from time to time and at all times from y e date of the s d 
Lres Pat. shalbe there gotten had or obtained for all Services duties 
or Demands as in and by his H se Lres. Pat : amongst divers other 
things therein conteined more fully and large it doth and may 
appeare, And whereas the s d Presid* and Councill have upon mature 
deliberacon thought fitt for the better furnishing and furtherance of 
y e Plantacon in these parts to appropriate and allott to severall ptic- 
ular psons diverse pcells of Land within the precincts of the afores d 
granted prmises by his Ma ts s d Lres Pat. Now this Indenture Witt- 
nesseth that the s d Presid* and Councill of their full free and mutuall 
consent, as well to y e end that all the Lands Woods Lakes Loucks, 
Rivers, Waters, ponds Islands and Fishings, w th all other Traffique 
Proffits and Commodities whatsoever to them or any of them belong- 
ing, and hereafter in these Pnts menconed may be wholly and en- 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 481 

tirely invested appropriated secured and settled in and upon y e sd S r 
ffardinando Gorges, Cap 4 John Mason and their Associates, John 
Cotton, Henry Gardner, George Griffith, Edwyn Guy, Thomas 
Wannerton Thorn Eyrie, & Eliezer Eyre as by diverse speciall 
Services by them already done for the advancement of the s d Plan- 
tacon by makeing of Clap board and pipestaves makeing of Salt 
panns and Salt, transporting of Vines for makeing of Wines search- 
ing for Iron Oare being all businesse of very great Consequence for 
causing of many Soules, both men, Women and boys and store of 
Shipps to be employed thither, and so in Short time prove a great 
Nursery for Shipping and Mariners, and also a great helpe to such as 
in this Kingdome want good Imploym* And further for y t the s d S r 
fferd Gorges Capt. John Mason and their said Associates John Cot- 
ton Henry Gardiner Geo. Griffith Edwin Guy Thorn : Wannerton 
Tho Eyre and Eliezer Eyer have by their Agents there taken great 
paines and spent much tyme in the discovery of the Countrie all w ch 
hath cost them (as we are credibly Informed) 3000 Ib and upwards, 
which hitherto they are wholly out of purse upon hope of doing good 
in time to come to y e publique, And also for other good and sufficient 
Causes and Consideracons the sd Presid* and Councill especially there- 
unto moveing, Have given granted bargained sold assigned aliend, 
sett over enfeoffed and confirmed and by these p nts Do give grant, 
bargaine sell assigne, aliene sett over enfeoffe and confirme unto the 
s d fferdinando Gorges Cap* John Mason John Cotton Henr Gardner 
Geo Griffith Edwin Guy Thorn. Wannerton Thorn. Eyere and Eliezer 
Eyre, their Heirs and Assignes for ever All that house and cheife 
habitacon situate and being at Pascataway als Pascataquack als Pas- 
caquacke in New England aforesaid, wherein Cap 1 Walt. Neal and y e 
Colony w th him now doth or lately did reside togeather w th the Gar- 
dens and Corne ground occupied and planted by the s d Colonie, and 
the Salt workes allready begun as afores d And also all that porcon 
of Land lying w th in the precincts hereafter menconed, beginning 
upon the Seacoast 5 miles to the W'ward of or from the s d cheife 
Habitacon or Plantation now possessed by the s d Cap 1 Walter Neal 
for y e use of the Adventurers to Liconia (being in the latitude of 43 
Degr or thereabouts in the Harbour of Pascataquack als Pascata- 
quack als Passataway,) and so forth from y e s d beginning Eastw d & 
North Eastw d and so proceeding Northw ds or North Westw ds into y e 
Harbour and River along the Coasts and Shoares thereof including 
all the Islands and Isletes lying w th in or neere unto the same upwards 
unto the head land opposite unto the plantacon or Habitacon now or 
late in the Tenure or Occupation of Edw d Hilton & from thence w 4 
w ds & South w l w ds in y e midle of the River and through the midle of 

31 



482 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

y e Bay or Lake of Pasquacack als Pascaquack or by what other name 
or names it hath toward the bottome or Wester most part of y e River 
called Pascassocke to the falls thereof, and from thence by an Imag- 
inary Line to pass over, and to the Sea, where the P r ambulacon 
begann Togeather w th all y e Lands, Soyle, Ground Wood, Quarries, 
Mines ffishing Hunting Hawking ffowling Comodities and Heredi- 
tam ts whatsoever, Togeather also w th all p r rogatives, Jurisdiccons 
Royallties, privileidges, ffranchises and preheminence w th in y e 
precincts of Land contained w th in y e limits or bounds aforesaid. 
And also the Isles of Shoales, and y e ffishings thereabouts And 
all the Seas w th in 15 miles of thaforesd Sea Coast. And also all 
the Sea Coast and Land lying on y e East and North east side 
of the Harboure and River of Pascataway aforescl and opposite to 
the bounds above mencioned beginning 15 miles to y e S. east- 
ward of y e Mouth or first entrance and beginning of the said Har- 
boure, and so upp to y e falls and into the ponds, or Lakes that feed 
the s d ffalls, by the space of 30 miles including the s d ponds or Lakes 
and the Shoores thereof, and so crossing into the Landward, at a 
right angle by the space of 3 miles the whole length thereof from y e 
s d mouth or first entrance from the Sea and Eastwds into y e Sea w ch 
s d 3 miles shalbe allowed for y e breadth of y e sd land last menconed 
both upon y e land and sea, As also all ye land Soyle Ground 
Woods, Quarrie, Mines, fnshings Hunting Hawking ffowling Com- 
modities and Hereditam ts whatsoever, togeather w th all prerogatives 
Jurisdiccons Royallties, Privileidges, ffranchises, and ^ r heminence 
w th in the f} r cincts of Land last menconed, conteined To have and 
to hold all y e s d House and Habitacon porcons of Land and all Lakes 
and Islands therein conteined as aferesaid, and all and singular other 
y e ^ r misses hereby given, granted, bargained, sold, aliened, enfeoffed 
and confirmed, w th all and singular the appurtences and every part 
and pcell thereof unto y e s d S r fferdenando Gorges, Cap* John Mason, 
John Cotton, Henry Gardner Geo. Griffith, Edwyn Guy, Thomas 
Wannerton, Thomas Eyre and Elyezer Eyer to y e only use & behoofe 
of them y e s d fferd. Gorges &c their Heires and Ass. for ever. 
Yeilding and paying unto our Sover L d y e King his Heires and Suc- 
cessors -|- of all y e oare of Gold and Silver that from time to time and 
at all tymes hereafter shalbe there gotten, had & obteined for all ser- 
vices, duties and Comands, and also yeilding & paying unto the s d 
Presid* Councill and their Successe rs every yeere yeerely for ever 40 s 
sterl. at y e ffeast of S 1 Mich : th archangell if it shalbe lawfully 
demanded, at the Assurance House on the West side of the Roy 11 
Exchange in London. 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 483 

nant and Grant to and w th y e s d S r fferdin : Gorges Capt John Mason 
and their said Associates John Cotton Henr. Gardner Geo. Griffith 
Edwyn Guy Thorn. Wannerton, Thorn Eyer Eliezer Eyre their 
Heires & Assignes by these prets, that from thensealing & delivery 
hereof according to y e purport true intent and meaning of these pre ts 
they the s d S r Ferdinan Gorges, Capt. John Mason and their s d Asso- 
ciates John Cotton Henry Gardner Geo Griffith Edwin Guy Thorn. 
Wannerton Thorn Eyer and Eliezer Eyre their Heires and Assignes 
shall from tyme to tyme for ever peacably and quietly have hold pos- 
sesse and enjoy all thaforesd House and Cheife Habertacon porcons 
of Lands w th all y e Islands and ^'misses w th thappurtences hereby be- 
fore given and granted or menconed, meant or intended to be hereby 
given and granted, and every part and parcell thereof w th out any Lett, 
disturbance, denyall trouble interrupcon or eviccon of or by y e s d 
President and Councill or any ^Json or ^sons whatsoever clayming 
by from or under them or their Successors or by or under their 
Estate Right Title or Interest. And the s d Presid* and Councill for 
them and their Successors do further Covenant and grant to and w th 
y e sd S r fferd : Gorges Capt. John Mason, and their Associates John 
Cotton Henry Gardner Geo Griffith Edwyn Guy, Tho Wannerton 
Thorn : Eyre and Eliezer Eyre their Heires and Ass by these prets 
That they the s d Presid* and Councill shall at all times & times here- 
after upon reasonable request at the only proper Cost and Charges in 
the Law of the sd S r fferden Gorges Cap* John Mason, and their s d 
Associates John Cotton, Henry Gardner, Geo Griffith Edwin Guy Tho 
Wannerton Tho Eyre, and Eliezer Eyre their Heires and Ass.: do, 
make pforme, suffer execute, and willingly consent unto any further 
Act or Acts, Conveyance or Conveyances, Assureance, or Assurances 
for the good and pfect Investing, Assuring, Conveying and sure 
making of all the afores d Houses and Habitacon, porcons of Land, 
Island and all and singular other the ^ r misses w*h thappurtences to 
the s d S r fferd Gorges Cap* John Mason and their s d Associates John 
Cotton Henry Gardner George Griffith Edwyn Guy Thomas Wan- 
nerton Tho Eyere and Eliezer Eyre, their Heires and Assignes, as by 
them their Heires or Assignes, or by his or their or any of their 
Councill learned in the Law shalbe devised or advised or required. 
And further Know Yee that the s d Presd* and Councill have made, 
constituted deputed, authorized appointed, and in their place and steed 
do putt Cap* Thorn. Camock Henry Joselin, or in their absence to any 
other f^son that shalbe their Governour, or other Officer, to the Pres d : 
and Councill to be their lawfull Attorny and in their name & Steed to 
enter into the s d House and Habitation porcons of land and other y e 
^ r misses above given and granted w th their kpptences or into some p* 



484 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

thereof, in the name of the whole for them and in their name to have 
and take possession and seizin thereof, and after such Possession and 
Seizin so thereof or of some part thereof in the name of the whole so 
taken and had, then for them and in their names to deliver full and 
peaceable possession and seizin of all and Singular the s d granted 
P r misses unto y e sd S r Ferdinando Gorges Capt. John Mason and their 
said Associates John Cotton Henry Gardner, Geo Griffith, Edwyn 
Guy Thomas Wannerton, Thomas Eyre and Eliezer Eyre, or to their 
certain Attorny or Attornys in that behalfe, according to the true in- 
tent and meaning of theise ^ nts Ratifying Confirming and Allowing 
all and whatsoever their said Attorny shall do in or about the ^ r misses 
by these ^ nts In Witnesse whereof the said president and Councill 
to two parts of these presents both of One Tenor have sett their 
Common Seale and to one part thereof the s d S r Ferden : Gorges, 
Capt. John Mason, John Cotton, Henry Gardiner, Geo : Griffith, Ed- 
win Guy, Tho : Wannerton Thorn : Eyre and Eliezer Eyre have sett 
their hands and Seale the Day and yeere first above written. 
[Endorsed in pencil] 3. Nov. 1631, N. Eng d 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. 6, No. 29. 

Att Warwicke House the 4 th of November 1631. There being 
Present, 

The Earle of Warwicke Presid* & S r Fardenando Gorges Kn 4 
Threr 

There was that day Sealed a Pattent granted to S r Fardinando 
Gorges Knight, Cap* John Mason and their Associates of a porcon of 
Land lyeing upon the River of Pascataquack extending itselfe along 
the Sea Shore to the westward 5 English miles and so by an imaginary 
Line up into the maine North to the bounds of a plantation belonging 
to Edward Hilton and the Islands within the same River eastward, 
togeather with 3 Miles along the shoare to the Eastward of the s d 
River and opposite to the Habitation and Plantation where Cap 1 Neale 
lives and soe up unto the maine Land northerly by all y e breadth 
aforesaid thirty miles, with all y e woods soyles & marshes within the 
said Limitts with the Lakes at the head of the said River and other 
Comodityes and Imunityes as by the Counterparte of the same grant 
it more at large appeares. 

The Consideration was for service formerly done & for y l they had 
already setled theire with the said Captain Neale divers of their 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 485 

people and had erected salt panns and hope to make salt & intended 
further to raise other good and merchantable Comodityes, as fishing, 
makeing of pipe staves Clapboards and ye like. 

The Conditions were to pay his Ma^ the 5 th part of Gold or Silver 
Oare there to be gotten, and to the Presid 1 & Councell forty shillings 
sterling payable at the Assurance house on y e west side of y e Royall 
Exchange London (if it be demanded) the first payment to begin at 
the first of St. Michael the Archangell 1632 and soe for all service 
from yeare to yeare. 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. 6, No. 68. 

[November 19, 1632.] 
Right hono ble 

Havinge lately bin in New England in America and taken notice 
both of some Comodities and advantages to this State w ch that 
Countrie will afford, and there havinge visited the plantations of the 
English and amonge the rest that especially in the Mattachu- 
setts (being the largest best and most prospering in all that land) I 
have made bold to informe yo r hono r of some observations w ch I have 
taken both of the Countrie and that Plantation. 

As for the Countrie it is well stored with goodly Timber and Masts 
for shippinge, and will afford Cordage, Pitch and Tarr and as good 
hempe and fflax as in any pte of the world, growes there naturally fitt 
for Cordage and sayles, whereof this kingdome will soone find the 
benefitt, if the plantacon proceed awhile wethout Discourager*! 1 as 
hitherto it hath done. 

ffor the plantation in the Mattachusetts the English there being 
about 2000 people, yonge and old, are gen all y most industrious and fit 
for such a worke, havinge in three yeares done more in buyldinge and 
plantinge, then others have done in seaven tymes that space, and with 
at least ten tymes lesse expence. 

Besides I have observed the planters there, and by theire lovinge just 
and kind dealinge with the Indians, have gotten theire love and re- 
spect and drawne them to an outward Conformity to the English, soe 
that the Indians repaire to the English Governo r there, and his Dep- 
uties for instice. 

And for the Governo r himself I have observed him to bee a dis- 
creete, and sober man, givinge good example to all the planters, wear- 
inge plaine apparell such as may well beseeme a meane man, drinkinge 
ordinarily water, and when he is not Conversant about matters of jus- 



486 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

tice, putting his hand to any ordinarye labour with his servants, ruling 
w th much mildnes and in this ^ticular I observed him to be strict in 
execucon of Justice, upon such as have scandalized this state, either 
in Civill, or Ecclesiasticall governmen* to the greate Contentm 1 of 
those that are best affected, and to the terror of offendo rs 

Of all w ch I my selfe havinge bin an eye witnesse am the rather in- 
duced to P r sent the same to yo r hono r to cleare the reputation of the 
plantation from certaine false rumo rs and scandales, w ch I ^ ceive 
since my retorne to England some ^sons ill affected to the planta- 
tions there, have cast abroad ; as namely one S r Xhofer Gardiner, whoe 
leavinge two wives here in England, went with another yonge woman 
into New England, there, being discovred by letters from England 
he was sepated from his wench. 

A second is one Moreton whoe (as I am Informed by his wifes 
sonne and others) upon a fowle suspition of Murther fled hence to 
New England and there falling out with some of the Indians, he shott 
them with a fowling piece, for w ch and other misdemeano rs upon the 
Indians complaint his howse by order of Court there, was destroyed 
and he banished the plantacon. 

A third was one Ratcliffe whoe as I am Crediblie informed ; for 
most horible blasphemy was Condemned there to lose his eares, whoe 
with the former two, and some other the like discontended and scan- 
dalous ^sons, are lately returned hither, seekinge to Cover the shame 
of theire owne facts, by castinge reproaches upon the plantation, doe 
addresse themselves to S r ffardinando Gorges, whoe by theire false 
informacons, is nowe piectinge howe to deprive that plantation of the 
previledges graunted by his Ma tie and to subvert theire governm* the 
effects whereof wilbe the utter mine of this hopefull plantation, by 
hindringe all such as would goe to them, and drivinge those alredy 
planted there, either to returne, or disperse into other places, w ch I 
leave to yo r grave judgm* my selfe being none of theire plantation, but 
a neighbour by, have done this out of that respect I bere to the gen a11 
good, I have ben too briefe in this relation in regard I feared to be 
over troblesome to yo r hono rs Soe I take leave and rest. 

The XIX th daye of November, 1632 

Yo r hono rs humble servant 

Tho Wiggin 

[Addressed] To the right hono ble S r John Cooke Kn* principall 
Secretary to his Ma ie and one of his highnes most hono ble prince 
Councell these d 

[Endorsed] 1632, Nove b 19. Relation of Capt Wiggin of New 
England 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 487 

Colonial State Papers. Vol. 6, No. 88. 

At a Meeting the 6 th of December 1633 

Present : 

S r Ferdenando Gorges Kn* 

Cap 1 John Mason for himselfe and Mr John Cotton M r Henry 
Gardner M r George Griffith Thomas Eyer for Tho Wannerton & 
Eliezer Eyer. 

It was agreed that Pascattaway house and the house at Strawberry 
Banke, and all the Islands and Isletts within the river of Pascattaway 
together with all the Land on the Southwest syde of the said River 
which is mentioned in the Patent, as also the Isles of Shoales and the 
house at Newichewanock with the land thereunto belonging shall re- 
maine in Common untill a Division thereof hereafter to be made. 

And as concerning the land upon the Northwest syde of the said 
River, from the outermost point upon the Sea Coast unto the end of 
30 miles being the extent thereof up into the Maine Land the same 
is by mutuall consent divided as followeth (viz 4 .) 

To S r Ferdinando Gorges Knight three miles beginning at the out- 
ermost point in the Sea where the Patent of y e said syde of Land 
beginneth up the River. 

To M r Henry Gardner three miles and three quarters beginning 
where S r Ferdinando Gorges land endeth and soe up the River 
aforesaid. 

To M r George Griffith M r Thomas Wannerton and Eliezer Eyer 
eight miles beginning where M r Gardner aforenamed endeth and soe 
up within a quarter of a mile to the Lowermost falls next to New- 
ichewanock house. 

To Captaine John Mason for himselfe and M r John Cotton to be- 
ginne a quarter of a mile below the said Lowermost fall and soe 
upward along Newichewannock River to the end of y e Patent which 
is estimated about fifteen miles and a quarter being almost fower 
miles more than his proportion cometh unto. Yet it is allowed him 
in regard hee is soe farre distant from the Sea, and for conveniency of 
landing boats belowe the said Falls 

Provided that if any of the abovenamed Shall come Short of having 
his due division of quantity of Land in the Division aforesaid 

It is to be rectified in the next Division of Lands undivided 

Concerning the Swine remaining to the generalls it is agreed that 
they shall bee divided as followeth 

To S r Ferdinando Gorges Kn* ... 4 Sowes 
To Capt. Mason ..... 14 



488 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

To Mr. Henry Gardner .... 5 Sowes 
To Mr. George Griffith .... 5 
To Mr. Thomas Wannerton ... 3 
To Eliezer Eyer ..... 3 
And the residue to remaine untill the next division of them. 

Ferdi. Gorges John Mason 

George Griffith Henry Gardner. 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. 8, No. 47. 

[February 3, 1634.] 
Allottm* of Cap 4 Mason's part by y e Councell of N. England. 

ffor as much as by a mutuall agreement wee whose names are sub- 
scribed Patentees or Adventurers and of the Councell of New Eng- 
land are to joyne in the surrender to his Ma tie of the greate Charter 
of that Country w ch was granted unto us in the eighteenth yeare of the 
Reigne of King James of blessed memory in whose ^sence Lotts 
were drawne for setling of divers and sundry divisions of Land on the 
Sea Cost of the said Country uppon most of us who hitherto have 
never bin confirmed in the said Land soe allotted And to the intent 
that every one of us according to equity and in some reasonable man- 
ner answearable to his Adventures or other interest maie enjoy appor- 
con of the land of the said Country to bee imediatly holden of his 
ma tie wee therefore doe condescend and agree that all that pte of the 
sea coast of the Country aforesaid shall belong to Captaine John Ma- 
son to begin at the midle of Namekecke river, and from thence to 
^ceed eastward along the Sea Coast to Cape-Anne and round about 
the same in to Pascataway Harbour and soe forthward upp within the 
river of Newichewannock and to the farthest head of the said river and 
from thence Northwestward till sixty miles be finished from the first 
entrance of Pascataway harbour Alsoe from Namekecke through the 
Harbour and River thereof up into the land west sixty myles from 
w ch period to crosse over land to the sixty miles end accounted from 
Pascataway throug Newichewannock River and into the land North- 
west as aforesaid and hereunto is to belonge the South halfe of 
the Isles of Shoales and 10,000 acres on the south-east part of Saga- 
dahock at the mouth or entrance thereof. 

Saveing and reserving out of this diviseon to every one that hath 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 489 

any law full graunt of land or plantacon law fully setled in the same 
The freeholding and enjoying of his right w th the libties thereunto 
apptaying laying downe his Jura Regalia (if he have any) to the ^prietor 
of his division wherein his land lyeth and paying some small acknowl- 
edgment for that he is now to hould his said land anewe of the ^pri- 
etor of this division. 

J. Lenox Hamilton Arrundell & Surry Carlile Stelene 

Ed Gorges fferde Gorge. 

Concordat cum originali fea collatione per me Tho. Maydwell 
No rum Pub rum 



Extract from Mss. in the British Museum, No. 3448, entitled, "A Re- 
lation Concerning the Estate of New England." 

[About 1636.] 

A relation concerning New England, ffor the perfect understand- 
inge the State of New England these three things deserve considera- 
con vizt. 

I. The Country 2. The Comodities 3. The Inhabitants. 

The Countrye. 

New-England is Scituate in the north part of the maine Continent 
of America included w th in the degrees of 40 and 48 of northerly 
latitude a clymate through out all the world esteemed temperate, and 
healthfull and by Experience it is found that noe countrie enjoyeth 
a more salubrious aire then New-England, and though the Winter be 
more Sharpe then ordinariely heare, yett it is lesse offensive by rea- 
son the aire is more Cleer and the Cold alwayes drie 

Inhabitants. 

The Inhabitants of New England are of two sorts the native and 
the Plante r s. 

The natives of the Countrie are att this tyme verie few in number 
through heretofore popuelous destroyed by a great and generall 
plague w ch happined about 17 years since, leavinge not the fortieth 
person liveinge since w ch time they have neve r increased, they live 
nere and among the English but are beneficiall to them onely in the 
trade of Beaver w ch they exchange for our Comodities Theire want of 
people makes them not feared by us as not beinge able to doe much 



49O MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

mischiefe, w ch otherwise doubtles they would doe as was found by 
lamentable experience the last yeare. What the Manners and Cus- 
toms of those Indians are is trulie and att large related by a ffrench 
men whose booke is translated into English intituled Nova Francia. 

The Planters of newe England are of three severall nations, Eng- 
lish ffrench and Dutch. 

(Dutch Plantation page 7) 

(French Plantation page 8) 

The English are planted in the middest betwixt the Dutch and 
ffrench in a countrie ffarr exceedinge that of the ffrench though 
some what inferiour to the Dutch habitacon. 

That part of the countrie was manie yeares since planted by the 
English in the time and by the means of the Lord Cheife Justice 
Popham and some others, and especially by S r fferdinando Gorges 
Knight but those plantacons prospered not through the ill Choice of 
places Commodious for habitation. 

The Present Inhabitants of New Plymouth were the first the set- 
tled a plantation to any purpose in New England who went thithe r to 
inhabite about some 1 5 yeares but the great numbers of people w ch 
makes the countrie seeme now somewhat populous w th English hath 
been transported w th in these 9 yeares under the governmen* of M r In- 
dicott and M r Winthrop who have seated themselves in the west and 
more Southerlie part of the Countrie about the same tyme and since 
dive rs other private Colonies have been planted in the more Easterlie 
and northern parts. 

The English are planted in this Countree by vertue of Patents 
granted unto them from the President and Councell of New England 
w ch soe ffarr I can understand are in number as vizt. 

1. The Patent of New Plymouth. 

2. The Patent of Massachusetts Baye 

3. The Patent of Agawam, granted to Captaine John Mason 

4. A Patente granted to S r fferdenando Gorges. 

5. A Patent of Laconia granted to S r fferdenando Gorges and Cap- 
taine Mason. 

6. A Patent of Pascataquacke granted to S r fferdenando Gorges 
and others. 

7. A Patent granted to Edward Hilton. 

8. A Patent of Accaminticus granted to Captaine Morton w th 
others. 

9. A Patent granted to John Stratton about Cape Porpus River. 

10. Two Patents of Sohaketocke granted to Richard vynes & 
Thomas Lewis. 

12. A Patent granted to Captaine Thomas Camockof black pointe. 

13. A patent granted to M r Trelanye of Cape Elizabeth. 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 49! 

14. A patent of Casico granted to Captaine Levitt. 

15. A Patent of Pethipscote granted to Thomas Purchis and 
others. 

1 6. A Patent granted to Richard Bradshaw of the Northeast side 
of Peckipscot River. 

17. A Patent of Quinebecke, belonginge to them of New Ply- 
mouth. 

1 8. A Patent of Segadehock granted to Crispe and others. 

19. A Patent of Pemaquid granted to M r Aide 6 and M r Elbridge. 

20. A Patent granted of Penobscott to M r Sherlie, and others Off 
theis Patents granted to S r fferdenando Gorges, and Captaine John 
Mason are included w th in the Patent last granted to the Inhabitants of 
the Massachusetts Bay Concerninge w ch Matters there hath been and 
still remaines some controversee Sagadehock was never planted. 

That of Cassica, and that granted to John Stratton were at my 
Cominge away forsaken. 

The Patent of Penobscott is largest of Extent, it Comprehendinge 
(as is pretended) nere 40 leagues in length yett it is planted but w th 
one house, And is now possessed by the ffrench. 

The English in theis severall patents are planted alonge the sea 
Coast and have their habitations nere adjoyning to Rivers Navegable 
ffor Shippinge, or Barkes, the r Charge and Difficultie of transportinge 
provesion by land, ffor want of Horses Causes the Inland party to bee 
yett unpeopled. 

The Plantacons beginninge at ye most Southerlie, w ch is new Ply- 
mouth and endinge at Penobscott, Containe in length alorige the Sea 
Cost about 70 leagues and are peopled w th more than 3000 Persons 
whereof new Plimouth may Containe well nere 1800, the Massachu- 
setts . . . the rest of the Patents beinge planted w th residue. 

Att my Comeinge over there was estimated to be att the least . . . 
head of Kyne belonging to the severall plantacons, And are now 
increased to 5000 or thereabouts, great store of Swyne and goates 
and some horses : 

The Inhabitants have in all places Convenient houses and good 
quantitie of Cleered land ffor Corne. 

The above menconed Patents are not all of one kinde, for some are 
in the nature of Corporacons and have power to make Lawes, ffor the 
governinge of their plantacons, others are but onely assignmn ts of soe 
much Land to bee planted and possessed w th out power of governm* 

Of the first sort are onely theis ffower vizt : 

i. New Plymouth 2. Massachusetts 3. Pascatequack & 4. 
Pemaquid. 

The Civill governmn* of the Colonies remaine in the power of 
those who are Principall in the Patents of w ch those w ch have authoritie 



4Q2 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

to establish lawes, doe Execute theire Jurisdiction & soe ffar as I could 
understand, as neere, as may bee accordinge to the lawes of England, 
And those whoe have not that legall power doe governe theire ser- 
vants and Tennants in a Civill way, soe ffar as they are able. 

The Defects in theis plantations ffor the present, as I conceive, are 
onely theis. 

1. The Inhabitants (Except in the Massachusetts Bay) are too farr 
scattered one from another alonge the coast, soe that they Can not 
uppon any occasion, Reunite the r selves to oppose an enemye. 

2. There is fewe fforts nor places of the strength in all the 
Countrie. 

3. There are but few of those, who have Patents granted unto 
them that doe observe the Lawes, and orders of Plantation appointed 
unto them in their Patents and Expressed in the grand Patent, 
granted by his Ma tie to the President and Councell. 

4. When there happeneth any question betweene the Planters of 
severall Patents, those quarrells are seldome, or never ended because 
there is none in the Countrie that hath authoritie to Decyde them ; 
every mans power beinge Limitted, w th his owne Patent. 

5. There wants an uniformytie in the Lawes and Customes of 
severall Patents and alsoe a generall unitie in thinges that conscerne 
the publique good of the Countrie. 

As Concerninge matters of Religion, because my aboade was ffarre 
distant ffrom neighbors and noe professed Scholler, I was therefore 
little acquainted w th other mens disagreeinge opinions and my- 
selfe, and Colonie all wayes professinge the Doctrine discipline of the 
Church of England I was not Curious after that of others w ch then 
Concerned me nott 

ffinis. 

[Then follows " An abstract of the Lawes of New England."] 



Court of Requests, orders and Decrees. Vol. 35, /. 21. Easter 

Term. 13 Car. I. 

[1637.] 

Eyre and George. 

Whereas Thomas Eyre hath exhibited his bill of Compl* unto the 
King's Ma tie before his highness Councell in his hono ble Court of 
Whitehall at Westm r against Sir fferinando Gorge K* John Watson 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 493 

and others Defendts ; Thereby settinge forth that the Defendts S r 
fferdinando Gorge Thomas Wannerton and others adventurers for 
Pascattawaye in New England did make choice of the pit. for theire 
agent for managinge theire affaires and about 7 Caroli R s the said 
adventurers did Sett out the Shipp called the Lyons Whelpe whereof 
the defendt Gibs was Maister and who without the adventurers pri- 
vitye did lade for the accompt of himselfe the Defend 1 Watson and 
Kingston 76^ of beaver wooll which beinge returned into England 
the Said adventurers directed the Complt to take the same into his 
custodye for non payment of the fraight of the Said Beaver wooll 
which the Said Defendts Watson Gibson and Hingston have suffered 
to remaine in the pits hands without payement of the fraight for the 
Same by the Space of foure yeares and untill the pit by the direccon 
of the said Adventurers had Sold the said Beaver wooll and what the 
pit did was by the direccon of the saide Companye hee beinge but 
theire agent as aforesaide and the said sale was occasioned by the 
wilfull neglect of the Defendts Gibbs and Hingston in not payeinge 
the said fraight Therefore and for that the Said Defend* John Watson 
hath now revived a suite at the Comon Lawe brought 4 yeares since 
against the pit for 8 lb of the Said Beaver wooll and doe presse a 
Speedie triall therein against the pit. It is by the Right hono ble the 
Lord the Lord P. S : and the rest of his Ma ts said Councell of this 
Court in presence of Councell on both sides Ordered that the said 
Deft Watson shall bee at libtie to proceed to a triall at comon Lawe 
in the accon there by him comenced against the pit and after the 
said triall the said Deft Watson his Councellors Attorneys and 
sollicitors, and every of them shall surcease and staye and noe fur- 
ther prosecute or proceed at the comon lawe thereupon ag* the said 
Complt untill the same matter shall be fullye heard in this Court and 
other and further order bee there uppon had and made by his Ma ts 
said Councell of this Court to the contrarie And it is further ordered 
that an Injunction under his Ma ts P : S : uppon paine of CC d to be 
leavied &c. bee forth with awarded and directed unto the said Deft 
Watson his Councellors Attorneys and Sollicitors and every of them 
for the due performance of this present order in every behalfe 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. 10, No. 18. 

[1638-39-] 

According to yo r Lopps Order of Reference of the 22th . . . 
ffebruary 1638, directing us to examine & certifie whether the 



494 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

Promise of S r ff erdinando Gorges to be an in equall proporcon 

w th Cap 1 John Mason, (whe is charg'd w th the Arreare complained 
of to be from him) did only relate to such Shipps as should sett out 

& Voyages made after his said Promise, date in June 1632 or to 

the Shipps sett out mentioned in the Certificate of S r John & 

S r Abraham Dawes w ch were before the date Promise or to both ; 

We have examined the Same & fully heard the said S r fferd : Gorges 
in Whatsoevr could alleadge for him self e, & doe finde that . . . said 
Promise made in June 1632 as aforesaid ha relation to the Shipps 
sett out & voyages mentioned in the said Certificate of S r John 
Wolstenholme & ... Abraham Dawes, w ch were before the date of 
his said Promise And it appeared clearly unto us that the Objection 
made by the said S r fferd. Gorges that his said Promise related only 
& was to be applied to such Shipps as were sett out & voyages made 
after his said Promise, was a mere su fuge & altogether ground- 
lesse for that after his said Promise made he paid in ioo lb w ch must 
necessarily in relation to the Voyages & Shipps sett out before the 
said Promise in regard that since the date of his said Promise there 
hath not beene any Shipp sett out nor voyage at all made by the said 
Adventurers Be ... it appear'd unto us, as well by the Register 
Booke M r Eyres Clarke & Accountant for the said Comp ... as by 

the Testimonies upon oath as well of the said M r 

as of George Griffith & Thomas Wannerton w ch 

that the said S r fferd Gorges did promise as af 

to be an Adventurer in all the Voyages sett 

the said Adventurers, in equall proporcon w th the 

Mason ; As concerning the some of 254 lb 

to be owing & in Arreare by the said S r fferden 

(w ch was ordered to goe towards the satisfaction 

the wages & salaries due to the 

poore peticon' 5 Proofe thereof is the s d Register Booke of Accounts 
by the said Eyres attested by him upon oath to be a true . . . 
Upon all wh ch wee are of opinion that the said S r fferd. Gorges was 
in Arreare the said some of 254 lb (whereof io lb only hath beene by 
him paid, since the first Compl 1 of the Peticonrs to this Board Nevr- 
theless in regard S r fferd. Gorges did obiect one ^ticular whereby 
he endeavoured to disable the Testimony of the said Eyres, & the 
Credete of his Register booke Wee have at this Instance thought fitt 
to represent the same to yo r Lopps. Vizt. That in a cause lately de- 
pending in the Court of Requests betweene one Cotton, Plaintiffes 
& S r fferd. Gorges & Henry Gardener defend ts concerning the some 
adventured by S r fferd Gorges in a ffishing Voyage to New England ; 
The question being Whether his Adventure were no lb or 5O lb It was 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 495 

(notw th standinge the Answer of the said Eyres upon oath to an In- 
terogatory ministred on that behalfe, wherein he affirm'd that the 
Adventure of the said S r fferd. Gorges was no lb ) Resolv'd by the 
said Court that the said Adventure was only 5o lb & soe order'd ac- 
cordingly a Copie of w ch Deposicon & order he now produc'd before 
us ; w ch whether it may trench to the impeachm* of the Testimony 
of the said Eyres or the chredete of his Register Booke of Accounts 
in the matters referr'd by yo r Lopp s to us wee presume not to judge, 
but humbly submit the same to.yo r Lopp s Only wee conceave it 
fitt to acquainte yo r Lopp s likewise w th Mr. Eyres his Answer there- 
unto ; w ch was, That the Court of Requests did not reject his Testi- 
mony there, in such a sence as S r fferd. Gorges now urges & would 
make use of, to disable his Testimony in other thinges, But that 
although the said order of Court determin'd it otherwise then as he 
had deposed, yet the same was but according to the Course of all 
Courts in regard there was but singularis Testis And therefore 
humbly desired that in Case the said objection of S r fferd. Gorges 
made any impression w th yo r Lopp s that he might be heard to give 
further Answer thereunto. 

Will. Becher Abra. Williams 

Frances Wiatt Laur. Whitaker &c. 

Date 1638-9. 

[Endorsed] S r fferd Gorges. 

[A portion of this document towards the edge is missing.] 



Councill Register. Vol. 15, //. 300-301. 
Privy Council Office. 

Upon readinge of a Certificate returned to their Lo ps from the 
Sub Comittees for forraigne Plantacons unto whom their Lo ps had 
formerlie referred the hearinge and examininge of the Complaints 
made by John Michell a Minister and divers other poore people con- 
cerninge certaine moneys due unto them from S r fferdenando Gorges 
knt upon his adventures to Laconia and upon readinge of a fformer 
Certificate made in the business by S r John Wolstonholme and S r 
Abraham Dawes who had by order frome their Lo ps examined the 
Bookes and accompts of the Adventures to Laconia concerninge the 
same ; ffor as much as it appeared by the said Certificates that there 



496 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

are moneys in arreare and due from S r ffardinando Gorges upon his 
said Adventures w ch ought to go to the satisfaccon of the poore pet rs 
and w th out w ch they could not be satisfied. It was there upon 
thought fitt and ordered that the said S r ffardinando Gorges should 
be required and enjoyned forthwith upon sight hereof to make paym* 
of the said Arrears unto the Clark of the Councell Attendant, 
appearinge by Certificate under the hand of Thomss Ayres Clarke 
and Register to the said Adventurers to be .254 (whereof the said 
S r ffardeando Gorges hath payd onlie io lb ) w ch money is to be distrib- 
uted and paid unto the said poore people proportionablie accordinge 
to the severall somes due unto every of them respectively. 
Att Whitehall the 2/ th June, 1638 

Present 

Lo Arc. Bp. of Cant Lo Chamberlaine 

Lo Keeper Lo Cottington 

Lo Treaser Lo Newburgh 

Lo P. Scale M r Comptroller 

Ea Marshall M r Sec Coke 

M r Sec Windebanke 

[Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord of the Privy Seal, Earl 
Marshal. ED.] 



Court Request Bills & Anszvers. 12 Car. I. 

[1636. Abstract only.] 
Thomas Morton against Oliver Powell. 

To the Kings Most excellent Majesty Thomas Morton late of 
New England in America Gentleman Complains that one Brodripp of 
Axbride in County of Somerset Gentleman about 1624 was indebted 
to him in the sum of ,8 and Compl* being then minded to travail 
and make a voyage into New England aforesaid which he shortly 
after performed order the said sum to be paid to Oliver Powell of 
Axbridge aforesaid yoeman. That during Compl ts absence the Said 
Powell collected the amount from Brodripp for the Compl ts use who 
continued in New England aforesaid for 9 or 10 years after the said 
Oliver received the same retained it. And the Petitioner being of 
late enforced from the said fforaign part by the Malicious practices of 
the Separatists there that have seized and taken away all the pits 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 497 

means in those parts. And since his arrival into England of late he 
demanded the money of Powell & payment was refused. And the said 
Oliver having understood how spightfully the Separatists had handled 
yo r subject and had taken from your subject, among other things the 
writing purporting the trust aforesaid and thus he supposing it im- 
possible for yo r subject to make out this case at law 

[Endorsed] 21 June Anno 12 Car. I. 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. 9, No. 129. 

[1638.] 

May it please y r Grace. 

I lately viewed some lines w ch were sayd to be a Copie of a suppli- 
caon sent to y e lords Commissioners for plantaon from y e Massachu- 
sets wherein sundry Consideracons are p r sented, y e last whereof 
seems to Menace Revolt & Erection of New Governmn 1 ; w ch say 
they y e Comons are like to attempt : But my lo y e trueth is ; It is 
their Court Conclusion, long since decred to spend their bloud in op- 
posing all Counter mannds to their p r sent way & humour ; to w ch 
purpose they use all diligence to fortifie themselves. And because 
y e River of Pascataquay is very beneficall for plantaon ; having also 
an excellent harbour w ch may much ^fit or anoy them in case of 
warre ; therefore they endeavour w th all their skill & might to obtaine 
y e Comand thereof, w ch if they gaine, not only a place most advanta- 
geous for his Ma tie may be hazarded ; but y e hearts & handes of his 
yet faithfull subjects may be estranged & weakend by their practizes 
/ do therefore conceive That yo* Grace will judg it necessarie w ih all 
Expedition to secure y^ River & harbour for his ma ties use : I neither 
dare nor need ^sume herein to direct yo r Grace ; but y e best way y* 
p r sents it self to my thoughts is : That a speedie Course be taken to 
setle his Ma ties Gov r nt amongest us ; there yet being none but Combi- 
nacons : because y e several! patents upon y e River are thought to 
comprize no Comission for jurisdiction. 

Now my Lo : for y e particular, Whether to send one from England 
w th Commission, or to send Commission to some one here, or to Grant 
power of Incorporaon & Election, That I humbly submit to y r Graces 
great wisdom ; for ye year past & this Currant y e helme hath bin 
put into my hand by y e principall plantaons ; but I percieve no Great 
Strength nore Saftie in y e course we Steare his Ma ties authoritie is 
That w ch will ^vaile for y e advancemt of both sorts of Regiment and 



49$ MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

lawes Eccliall & temporall more over my L : if ye River of pascataq. 
were appointed for y e port of discharg for Shippes y i bring passengers 
in case any be permitted, it would much Strengthen y e Loyall partie, 
for many y i are brought to Massachusets would set down w th us but 
for difficultie of Removeall. 

These things I held my self bound to rep r sent & subject to yo r 
Graces view, non obstante a late discouragn' for y e day before y e 
writing hereof I was credibly informed ; That Massachusets Magis- 
trates have from England received Copies of my two first letters to 
your Grace : w ch themselves say, M r Vane procured from y r Graces 
Chapleine : If this was w th out y r Graces Consent, it will much con- 
cerne your Grace, if w th it, (w ch I cannot believe) It will behoove mee 
to Consider of it. I wish y r Grace all happiness Si remaine y r Graces 
humbly observant. Geo. Burdett 

Pascataq Noveb 29. 1638. 

[Addressed] To ye Most Revend father in God y e lo. Archbp of 
Canterbury his Grace primate & Metropolitane of all England &c 
humbly I ^ r sent these. 

[Endorsed] Rece Janua 131: i63-|. M. Burdett. Newe England. 
Theire affectation to shake of Govement. 

Noveb. 29. 1638. 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. 9, No. 131. 
The humble Petition of Captein Walter Neale 

To the Kings most excellent Ma lie 

Your Ma tie being graciously pleased to take into yo r Roiall consid- 
eration the government of the plantations in New England May your 
Ma tie likewise favourably vouchsafe to accept the pretences of your 
humble peticoner to the said government, which are breifely these 

1. Your Ma tie most humble peticoner hath lived a Soulder these 
twenty yeers and served with Command in all yo r Ma tie expedicions. 

2. Hee hath commanded these fowre yeers the Companie of the Ar- 
tillarie garden in London and with greate charge and continuall 
labour hath brought to that perfection, that no Prince in Christen- 
dome hath a Companie equall to it of Cittizens. 

3. He hath lived three years in New England having had a Patent 
and Commission for that Country, during which tyme he hath made 
greater discoveries of y e inland pts then was ever made by any before 
or since. 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 499 

4. He hath also exactly discovered all the rivers and Harbours in 
the habitable parts of y t Country. 

5. He hath done more during his being there for the generall good 
of y e country in reforming the irregularities and abuses of those that 
frequented those parts then was by any man before. 

6. With greate hazard and much travell hee hath punished the ex- 
treame cruelties of y e natives of y* Country, and enforced them to a 
peaceable confornitie in neighbourhood and comerce. 

7. By reason of y e many experim ts hee hath made of all the Com- 
odities in that Countrie he is able to settle a staple trade of some 
Comodities for ye profitt & advantage of this Kingdome, espetically 
for y e building of Shipps. 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. I, No. 52. 

[Abstract only.] 

22 April 1635 

A Graunt by the Plymouth Councill by Indenture unto Captaine 
John Mason in the following words. 

" Indenture further witnessing that the Council in performance of 
an agreement made 3rd february last past for a Competent summe of 
money and divers other Causes Have Granted &c unto the said Cap- 
taine John Mason his Heires and Assignes All that Part purpart and 
portion of the Maine Land of New England aforesaid beginning from 
the middle part of Naumkecke River and from thence to proceed 
Eastw ds along the Sea Coast to Cape Anne and round about the 
same to Pascataway Harbour, and so forwards up within the River of 
Newichewanock, and to the further Head of the said River and from 
thence Northwestwards till Sixty miles be finished from the first en- 
trance of Pascataway Harbour and also from Naumkeck through the 
River thereof up into the Land West Sixty Miles from which Period 
to crosse over Land to the Sixty Miles end accompted from Pascata- 
way through Newichewanock River to the Land Northwestward 
aforesaid. 

And also all that the South halfe of the Isle of Shoulds, togeather 
with all other Islands and Isletts, as well imbayed as within five 
Leagues distance from the Premises and abutting upon the same, or 
any part or parcell thereof, not otherwise graunted to any by speciall 
name, All which part and Portion' of Lands Islands and premises are 
from henceforth to be called by the name of New Hampshire. 



5OO MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

And also the said Councell for the Considerations aforesaid have 
given graunted bargained sold enfeoffed and confirmed, and by these 
presents doe give graunt &c unto the said Capt John Mason his 
Heires &c all that other parcell or Portion of Lands, Woods and Wood 
grounds lying on the South East part of the River of Sagadehock in 
New England aforesaid at the mouth or entrance thereof containing 
and to containe there ten thousand Acres, which said other parcell of 
Lands from henceforth is to be called by the name of Masonia. 

[Endorsed] Extracts out of severall Graunts concerning New 
England. 

20 Papers about New England. 

[In pencil] 3 Nov 1620 to 3 April 1639. New Engl d 

[On the next page is the following.] 

Dates of severall Pattents, Graunts, and Deeds Poll, relating to 

New England. 

3 Nov r 1620, 1 8 Jac. The Councill of Plymouth Constituted by 
Pattent. 

9 March 1620, 18 Jac. The Councill of Plymouth graunt Cape 
Anne by Pattent to Cap 1 Mason. 

30 Dec r 1622, 20 Jac. The Councill of Plymouth by Deed Poll, 
graunt part of the Maine Land called Messachusiack unto Rob* 
Gorges. 

19 Mar 1627, 3 Car. I. A graunt made by the said Councill to the 
Mattachusets. 

4 March 1628, 4 Car. I. His Ma tie graunts and confirmes the same 
to the Mattachusets by Pattent. 

7 Nov 1629, 5 Car. II. The Councill of Plymouth graunt by In- 
denture the Province of Laconia unto S r Ferdinando Gorges and Cap- 
taine John Mason. 

3 Nov r 1631, 7 Car. I. The Councill of Plymouth graunt by Inden- 
ture the house and Plantation lately belonging to Capt Walter Neale 
unto S r Ferdinando Gorges, Capt Mason and their Associates. 

i Dec r 1631, 7 Car. I. The said Council graunt 2000 acres of 
Land on y e South side of Cape Porpus, unto John Stratton of 
Shatley. 

1 6 June 1632, 8 Car. I. The said Councill graunt certaine Lands 
called the River Bishopscott, unto George Way and Thomas Pur- 
chase. 

1 8 April 1635, ii Car. I. The said Councill graunt (demise) by 
Indenture unto S r Ferdinando Gorges, a Province called New Somer- 
setshire for 3000 y rs 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 5<DI 

22 Aprill 1635, IZ Car. I. The said Councill make a full Sale of 
the former Lands unto S r Ferdinando Gorges. 

fe*22 Aprill 1635, ii Car. I. The Councill of Plymouth by Indent- 
ure graunt the Province of New Hampshire unto Capt John Mason. 

3 Aprill 1639, l $ Car. I. His Ma tie by Letters Pattents graunts 
and confirms to S r Ferdinando Gorges, Lands for 120 Miles along the 
Sea Coasts, and up the River from Pascataway Harbour. 

[Endorsed] Dates of severall Pattents Deeds and Graunts relating 
to New England. 



New Hampshire Papers, Vol. 47. The Dover Combination. 
[October 20, 1640.] 

Whereas sundry Mischeifes and inconveniences have be fain us, 
and more and greater may in regard of want of Civill Government, 
his Gratious Ma tie having hitherto Setled no Order for us to our 
knowledge. 

Wee whose names are underwritten being Inhabitants upon the 
River Pascataquack have voluntarily agreed to combine our Selves 
into a Body Politique that wee may the more comfortably enjoy the 
benefit of his Ma ties Laws And do hereby actually engage our Selves 
to Submit to his Royal Ma ties Laws together with all such Orders as 
shalbee concluded by a Major part of the Freemen of our Society, in 
case they bee not repugnant to the Laws of England and adminis- 
tred in the behalf e of his Majesty. 

And this we have mutually promised and concluded to do and so 
to continue till his Excellent Ma tie shall give other Order concern- 
ing us. 

In Witness wee have hereto Set our hands the two and twentieth 
day of October in the Sixteenth yeare of the Reign of our Sovereign 
Lord Charles by the grace of God King of Great Brittain France & 
Ireland Defender of the Faith &c. Annoq. Dom 1 1640. 

John Follett Abel Camond Bartholomew Smith 

Robert Nanney Henry Beck Samuel Haines 

William Jones Robert Huggins John Underhill 

Phillip Swaddon Thorn Larkham Peter Garland 

Richard Pinckhame Richard Waldern John Dam 

Bartholomew Hunt William Waldern Steven Teddar 

William Bowden William Storer John Ugroufe 



5O2 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

John Wastill William Furber Thomas Canning 

John Heard Tho. Lay ton John Phillips 

John Hall Tho. Roberts Tho Dunstar 

Fran. Champernoon Edward Starr William Pomfret 

Hansed Knowles James Nute John Cross 

Edward Colcord Anthony Emery George Webb 

Henry Lahorn Richard Laham James Rawlins 

This is a true copy compared with y e Orignall by me 

Edw Cranfield 

[Endorsed] New England N Hampshire The Combination for 
Government by y e people at Pascatq (1640). 

Rec d ab* 13 th Febr 82-3. 

[The foregoing varies somewhat from the agreement as printed in 
Vol. I. p. 126, and contains the signatures, which the editor of that 
volume failed to find. ED.] 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. II, No. 36. 
4 July 1651. Copie. 

[Endorsement] Mr. Joseph Mason's Protest against Mr. Leader. 

By virtue of a Deputation, or Letter of Attorney to mee granted, 
bearing date y e 3rd of March 1650 by Ann Mason of London, Widdow, 
the Relict of Cap" John Mason, late of London, Esq r deceased and 
Sole Executrix of his last Will and Testament Doe hereby Authorize 
mee Joseph Mason her kinsman, to take care of and dispose of to her 
use all such goods and Lands to her belonging, w ch were her said hus- 
bands in New England in America, by him possessed, and died seized 
of ; and in order thereunto, and by the Power to me granted I doe 
hereby, and in her bahalf, make this Protest or Declaration against 
any person or persons whatsoever, shall entitle themselves to any of 
her said Lands at Newechawannacke or any other part or parcell of 
her said Lands within the said River of Pascataway or to cut, sell, 
carry away any of her said Timber Trees, that now are standing or 
growing upon the same, or to convert any of her said Lands to there 
proper use, without the Consent, Composition or Allowance of her 
the said Ann Mason, or her certaine Atturney first had and obtained. 
And further by that Authority mee given I doe protest against the 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 503 

Proceedings of Mr. Richard Leader, upon her said Lands at Newich- 
awannacke, or of his Buildings there. And doe hereby forewarn him 
or his Assignes all those Lands or Woods w ch Hee intrudes upon, 
without Our Consent or approbation first had or obtained. Dated at 
Pascataway, the 4th of July 1651 anno. 

^ me Joseph Mason 
for Mrs. Ann Mason Widd. 

[Endorsement on the back of No. 35.] A coppie of a protest 
made on Mrs. Masons Lands at Newichawanock against the proced- 
inge of M r Richard Leader whoe hath entered uppon it wi th out 
Consent. 

Dated the 4th of July 1651 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. II, No. 70. 

Province of Mayne the 6th of November 1652. 
Right Honourable 

God who hath made all nations of one ... to dwell upon y e 
face of the earth, And hath appointed the bounds of their habita 
... By his pvidence hath designed us to possess and inhabit a tracke 
of Land part of y e Continent of America, called y e Province of 
Mayne by the late Kinge in his letters Pattents to S r ffardinando 
Gorge for the Government of the same, who by his deputies did for 
many Yeares exercise jurisdiccon amongst us, Hee at length dissert - 
inge us ; ffor our better Rege . . . We were forced to enter into a 
Combination for Government as by our Remonstrance & Petition to 
your Honnours in December last 1651 more at large doth appeare. 

Since w ch time takinge notice of sundry Acts of Parliam 1 the one 
of them declareinge all the Islands & Planta ... in America to be 
dependant uppon & subordinat to ... Commonwealth of England. 
And in obedience thereon wee have taken y e Ingagement to the same 
and Recede accordingly in keepinge our Courtes & Issuinge furth 
. . . warrants in y e name of the Keepers of the liberties . . . Eng- 
land accordinge to an act beareing date the . . . January 1648. 

And Conceavinge our selves to be members of the Co ... wealth 
of England, thinke it our bound in duty to your Honors and Ac- 
coumpt of all our one ^ceedings, the ^ceedings of our neighbours of 
Massetuss . . . wards us, who of late lay Claime by vertue of their 
Pattent, both to y e Government & ppriety of the . . . although wee 
have quietly possest Improved, And ... it this twenty yeares, 



504 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

w ch themselves have owned By severall Letters from their Generall 
Court, as dist . . . from them, their bounds beinge formerly sett out 
by the State of England three miles this side Merimake River w ch 
Comes * ffarr short of this Province severall other Pattents lying be- 
tween theirs & ours who have likewise formerly exercised Government 
distinct from them now therefore our Humble request is y* your hon- 
ors bee pleased to give Audience unto our Agent M r Richard Leader 
whome wee have Impowr'd to transact in our affaires, And to whome 
wee humbly desire you to manifest your favours towards us, who in 
faithfulnesse Remaine 

Yo r Houn rs to be Commanded 

Edward Godfrey Gower 
in the name & by the order of the Generall Court 

[A portion of this document is missing.] 



{Joseph Mason's Petition.} 

Colonial State Papers. Vol. 12, No. 3. 

[May 6, 1653.] 

To the Honored the Governo r the Deputy Governor, Magistrats, & 
Deputyes of the honnored the Generall Court, now assembled in 
Boston the six of May 1653 &c 
Concerning y e (Massachusetts) proceedings at Strawberrybank 

The humble petition of Joseph Mason. 

Humblye sheweth that your Petitioner, is employed by Mistris Ann 
Mason, Executrix of Captain John Mason her deceassed husband, who 
with others his associates were interested in certaine lands in this 
Country of New England by vertue of a grant under the broad seal 
of England from his Majestic, that then was called the Laconia Pa- 
tent, confirmed upon S r ffardinando Gorges, and Captain John Mason 
and their heirs for ever ffor divers & good Considerations therein ex- 
pressed more at large in the said grant will appear. And whereas 
uppon Survaying those Lands (within granted) being at Pascataqueck 
Alias Pascataway do find divers Intrutiones & incroachments made 
uppon those lands by the inhabitants of Strawberry Banck, & others 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 505 

molesting our Tenantes and dispossing of our Lands and of our 
Tennants Lands (which for sixteen years past) was granted unto 
them by lease from the then agents of the proprietors, as I 
am ready to make appear unto this honored Court our just right 
& titell to the p r mises and off our great Cost & charges laid 
out Upon the Erecting & building of a ffort & plantting the 
same with Ordinance Musketts and all manner of amunition 
fitting for defence of the said River, & built other houses for inhabi- 
tants uppon the great Hand, and was really possessed of the same, 
and so have had upon that great Hand and other Hands ever 
since, by our Tennants that renders us acknowledgment (as in right 
they ought to do) & keep possession for us, as unto this day notwith- 
standing by reason of bad Agents our pticular howses have decaied 
the ffort ruined & our Gunns caried away (except one peece of Ord- 
nance) all wich was at the cost and charges of those forenamed 
Proprietors S r ffardinando Gorge & Captain John Mason & their asso- 
ciats, who were at the charges & had a magazine of all manner of Am- 
unition for the defence of the same River, that was ready at the great 
house for to furnish the Inhabitants in time of Danger which cost the 
said Proprieto rs many a thousand pounds & now upon examination of 
that Estate, can find nothing left, but the bare lands & the monu- 
ments of ruine with sundry Incroachments of the inhabitants of 
Strawberry Banck (as aforesaid) upon the said lands who disposeth of 
the same among themselves by vertue of their Township (as they 
Intend the Authority whereof as I supose) should bee derived from 
this honored Court & not of them selves and therefore in the behalf 
of Mistris Ann Mason & the rest of the proprietors I doe here humbly 
addresse my self for remedye they haveing .sustained great damages 
by their intrutions & disposalls of our Lands as aforesd without our 
consent And for the better satisfaction of this general Court in point 
of Right Si titell unto theise lands, with other possessions, within 
the said River of Pascataway your petioner is alwaies redy to make 
appear the aforesaid Proprietors Rights for avoiding future suites 
in law, that otherwise may arise or grow hereon. 

Your Petion rs humble request is, that this honored Court would be 
pleased to take into Consideracon the great wrongs & damages we 
have sustained by the aforesaid men of Strawberry Bank, that they 
may be called to account for their so doing and if so be that any of 
them desire to be further satisfied of our property e or just titell unto 
the p r mises, that then this honored Court would be pleased to ap- 
point Comission rs that lives there abouts (and I will under favor of 
this honored Court) nominate others in the behalfe of the Proprietors, 
that so this honored Court may be informed of the truth of all what is 



5O6 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

hereby desired, that due Justice & Right may be rendered unto us, 
And in the mean time I humblye desire, that timely notice may be 
given unto the select men of Strawberry Bank that they act no further 
by their pretended power as aforesaid, and your petitioner, as in Duty 
he is bound shall pray for your hapines & welfare. 

[Endorsed] A Copie of the Petition given into y e general Court 
Against their proceedings at Strbery bancke &c. 

6 May, 1653. 

[See Vol. I. pp. 205-207. ED.] 



Colonial State Papers. Vol. 13, No- 79. 
[1659. Abstract only.] 
A printed Petition 

To the Right Honourable the Parliament of the Commonwealth of 

England And the Dominions thereto belonging. 

The Humble Petition of Edward Godfrey, Oliver Godfrey, Far- 
dinad Gorges, Robert Mason, and Edward Rigby, Henry Gardner, 
and sundry other Pattentees and Inhabitants of the Provinces of 
Mayne, and Liconia, in New England : 

Most Humbly sheweth, Sundry of your Petitioners having bin 
versed in the Oriental parts of the World, in the same Latitude, as 
New England is the West hoping to fix them, and their Posterities, 
for the Honour of God good of the Nation, and propagating the 
Gospel, with hope of improvement for future, at great charges pro- 
cured sundry Pattents in the parts of America call'd New England ; 
with divers priviledges as may appear : possesse themselves of divers 
tracts, and parcels of Land & so forth ... It recites the loss of 
;ioo ooo & relations slain by the Indians . . . Godfrey (one of 
the Petitioners being 75 years of age) hopes for some redress 
and relief expended 4 years finds the cure as bad as the dis- 
ease ; Served his Country 46 years in Civil Imployment at his great 
charge as he can prove & is not ashamed of his poverty &c . . . 
Desires that the Business may be taken into Consideration for the 
Honour of God &c . . . his Proceedings and Collections of 55 years 
Pilgrimage may be made manifest ; and the rather as he most hum- 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 5O/ 

bly conceives, there is matters of high concernment of State Involved 
in it. 

From Newfound land, to Cape Florida, he hath the Mapps, and 
Cards of his own, French, Dutch, and English, of which at present 
these few observations or notes : 

[Five in number.] ...... 

And your Petitioners &c 

[Foot-note in manuscript.] 

[Endorsed] A petition of Mr. Godfrey concerning his Interests in 
New England. This was after Richard Cromwell was out. 



New England Papers. Vol. , Page 155-5. 
[March 14, 1660.] 

Consaring the Regment of New England for his Ma te best se- 
curity & safest waie as I humbly concent In Regard I know the Cun- 
tery from the fyrst discovery lost my nerest relation slaine by the In- 
dians & having faithfully at my owne Charge sarved the Cuntery 25 
years by a Duble Recognisence my oath to God my descression expe- 
rience & fidelyty Confided : w ch prased bee God I ^formed tell 
Ejected by the Mathesusets you know in pt my onely sonne his lose 
& time ther spent 2 viages & Coming for to Transport his wyfe & 
ffamyly heereing of My Ruen Abeds yot heer I ^ sume to give you 
this few lynes. i 

/ ever told you that Pascattowaie River & the pvince of Mayne 
is of more consarnement to his Ma^ for trad ^sent & jfutuer w ih 
discovery of the Cuntery then all New England besids & other 
reasons as by the mappes may appeer wheather it be not ffitting y i 
A Generall Gov r shoi^ld Goe the jurisdiction of those Estern / ts 
may not be Regulated by Comition as formly 30 yeares w^out 
Complant ther or heer nor newer questioned till 1652 Boston would 
bee A ffree Stat And Sundery Pattents 

1. The distance ny 80 myles dangerus by sea & in the wynter not 
pregnable for divers reasons as snow wading &c 

2. It will discouridg any publiqe sperited men to undertake the 
like action . . . after 30 yeares to bee debarred of ther prveleges. 

3. His Ma ty will have more power over both the one to bee Instru- 
mentall to keepe the other in its dew obedience. 

4. It will Cause An Humlation who shall give the best acc of the 
actions to the Supreme power one w ch all Pattents depend. 



508 MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 

5. Some of the Pattents have there Relation heer & for extraction 
long experience in the Cuntery Equall w th any in Boston And have 
ever acted for his Ma te Interest have Pattents Com rs ffrendly & now 
living ar Cap* Henery Joseline Cap 1 ffrancis Champernone M r Tho. 
Jourdan An Orthodox devine for the Church of England & of great 
pt y & Estate M r Jo. Gefford goeth this yeare M r Joseph Mason ther 
for Ed Godfrey hee is too ould to acte yet Oliver Godfrey his sonne 
& granghild being well versed in the Cunter y f landed will w th the 
f^sidente of Ed Godfrey assist to the Uttermost ther life & power 
Excuse my bouldness being Yo r ever obliged servant to bee Comded 

Ed Godfrey 

[Endorsed] 14 March 1660 The Information of M r Edward God- 
frey sometimes Govern 1 " of the Province of Mayne Concerning the 
Consequence of that Province And the usurpation of the Bostoners 



New England Papers. Vol. , Page 1 68. 
[April 7, 1663.] 

Letter from M r Godfrey to M r Povey ab 1 a discription of y e province 

of Maine. 
Ho Sir 

I have ffrendly wrot you A breefe description of the f^vince of 
Mayne how it standeth att p r sent Know as Columbus offered the 
descovery of the West India to Henery the 7 th you ar att present 
offered a tracte of Land all reddy discovered & in p* populated w th 
English w ch for ffutuer & descovry is of more Consarnement then any 
pt of America as yet settled and by the English & that you may 
have p r sent pfitt w th out s d Charge Honor & Good to yo r selves w ch 
you & my lord Roberts sonne M r Hende Glory^to god gave to his Ma t[ 
benyfit to y or selves & good to the whole Cuntery send but for Gorges 
to M r ffrances lutterells att Grase In & taulke w th him, you will 
fynd him a man not Capable of such a great busines to bee the undo- 
ing of soe many loyall subjects & suffer thos ptes of the w ch tell 
1652 had ever lived according to his Ma" Lawes as by the Report you 
know & y s hand testifieth but now is mad a Recepticle of thos of 
Heugh Peeter : Vane Vener : Baker : Portter who to avoyd ther 
p r cipies fly theather (cousacre in Sacro) for shelter & keep us Loyall 
subjects out of our Inheritanc after 30 yeares possetion soe deerly 
bought now in Great Mystery except G'od rayes ffrends I humblie 
desyer you to taulke w th Lord Roberts sonne M r Hende & that I may 



MISCELLANEOUS PROVINCIAL PAPERS. 5OQ 

know y e resolution though Gorges Grandes have Plunderd my house 
in New England & possessed them selves of most of my Collections 
Records ^sidents & pays of 55 yeares travell I have sufficient heer 
to Guid A Right Course and settell those p ts as frendly to any reason- 
able man & that w th out Id Charges but ^sent pfit to the undertakers 
I humbly Crave two words in Andswer & Rest. 

Yo r sarvant to bee Comded 
Ludgat A. D. 7 Aprill 63. Edward Godfrey. 

Att the Cloosing hereof nuse is brought mee that one M r Nicoles 
belonging to the Duke of York is to goe for New England w ch yf 
you may Informe him of me I have all passeges of 40 yeares in that 
Cuntery will shewe him & you what is needful therein. 

[Addressed] ff or the Right Worship 1 Thomas Povey thes ^ sent 
[Endorsed] Lett rs from M r Godfrey to M r Povey ; th Aprill 1663. 



New England Papers. Vol. , Page 260. 
[June 18, 1665.] 

To Col Nicholls Honorable S r 

May it please you yesterday was sevennight to being y e io th of June 
the Court adjourned till October the last thing they did was the mak- 
ing an order, that the Courts usually by them kept at pascataway and 
in the province of Maine should be soe still continued and that none 
should take any notice of any other authority but theirs and to that 
purpose we find orders given in every place wee come. 

The II th of June we began o r journey to the eastwards, at Salem 
were nobly treated by Cap* Curwin and M r Browne and shuld soe also 
have been by others if wee had stayed, from thence wee went for 
Ipswich where by Major Dennison, Cap 1 Appleton and others wee 
were gallantly entertained wee staid there but one night, and the 
next day wee went to Newbury and thence the same night S r Rob 1 
and Collonell Cartwright went to Hampton three miles beyound the 
Massachusets bound house, I lodged at Salisbury 5 miles short of it, 
the next morning wee mett and went to the place where the Bound